Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 11, 1915, Page 3, Image 3

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Baby's Birthday, Within Limi
tations, Now Within Power
, of Mother to Choose.
Hospital Staff Works Out Method
Said to Minimize Dungrr and
Inconrcnlcncjc, but Ama
teurs Arc Duly Warned.
CHICAGO. Jn. lO.fSpecial.) Ob
iit.trlclans at Wesley Hospital have ad
vanced o far in the :ience of child
birth that th-y now net a day and even
an hour for the ushering; In of the nw
baby. The method is attracting wide
attention among medical men and rny-nl'-lans
from other cities make frequent
visits to the Institution to study the
method and its effect. In brief. It la
a policy of "Intelligent action instead
..f the old method of "watchful waiting-."
The mother is permitted to
make a choice of about ten days from
the expected date, which has been con
firmed by physical findings.
It Is also made certain that there are
no latent Infections to be aroused and
the case must be proper this latter
term covering: a wide range.
DUtrraa Maeh Modified.
After the prospective mother has se
lected her day and hour, her attend
ants meanwhile having urged on the
lime when all conditions are in the
hiKhest degree favorable, natural pains
are induced, like starting a clock or an
automobile, and the long, distressing
hours of the first stages are materially
The mother la spared the customary
exhaustion and the baby Is spared the
usual strain. As speedily as possible
twilight sleep is added, thus doing
away with the sensation of pain. The
result, as noted in the Wesley Hospital
rases and there are so many that a
rule can safely be laid down Is that
the total period of labor is definitely
shortened, the mother is spared the
customary fatigue and the baby Is not
Mother and Babe Benefited.
The child Is stronger and the mother
rallies much more quickly. The danger
of infection Is diminished.
Advocates of the system say It Is ex
cellent if carried out intelligently, but
Ignorantly or carelessly handled It
might be productive of great harm. It
is best attempted In a great hospital,
where every facility is at hand and the
attendants are skilled and keyed to
the highest point of efficiency.
Secretary or Agriculture May Start
Experiments In Washington State.
ington. Jan. 10. The "dry belt" of
Washington, comprising Adams. Grant
and Franklin counties, does not seem
to be receiving the attention from the
Agricultural Department that such a
section phould receive when it is known
that, with a little intelligent research
work as to the best plant life to use
on this soil and the best methods of
tillage and a diffusion of the results of
the investigation, homes of a large
number of contented farmers could be
made In this territory.
On several occasions promises have
been made by the department officials
to spend certain sums of money In con
Junction with the agricultural experi
ment station at Pullman for the pur
pose of studying the soil, but owing,
probably, to Democratic economy these
promises have not been kept. The mat
ter has been brought to the attention
of Senator Jones, however, and he has
taken it up vigorously with the Secre
tary of Agriculture. The latter Is now
considering the proposition, and It Is
hoped that he will find a way to give
this great section of the state the
recognition it requires and deserves.
Spokane Chamber Also Active in
Getting Settlers on Land.
PASCO, Wash... Jan. 10. (Special.)
The Pasco Chamber of Commerce en
tertained W. P. Romans, traveling sec
retary for the Spokane Chamber of
t'ommerce. at a luncheon at the Hotel
Pasco yesterday. Mr. Romans an
nounced that the Spokane Chamber
had appointed a permanent committee
to work for the Palouse project and
that this committee had several sub
committees all busy on the matter.
Mr. Romans" principal work on his
present trip is to interest the towns
throughout the Inland Empire in the
movement which the Spokane Chamber
has launched to get settlers on the
lands of Eatsern Washington, which Chamber is listing.
Signers Must Be Registered Voters
If proposed Amendment Carries.
SALEM. Or, Jan. 10. (Special.)
That something must be done to put
an end to fraudulent signatures to
initiative, referendum and recall peti
tions was the opinion of all members
cf both houses interviewed tonight.
J. c. Moreland. Clerk of the Supreme
Court, has prepared three amendments
to the constitution. The Legislature
will be asked to approve and refer
them to the people. The constitution
now provides that legal voters may
inn petitions and the plan is to pro
vide that only registered voters may
sign them. Signatures may then be
compared with those on registration
bocks, and fraud, it Is believed; will
be reduced to a minimum.
13,325 More Than Enough Sign Pe
tition for Washington Measure.
OLYMPI.V. Wash.. Jaik 10. (Spe
cial.) Secretary of State Howell today
completed the official canvass of peti
tions for initiative measure No. IS. the
hotel men's anti-prohibition law, find
ing 45.561 valid signatures. 13.525 more
than the number prescribed by law.
This makes it certain that the pro
hibition question will come before the
voters at another state-wide election.
The Legislature must submit this
measure and may submit one or more
alternate proposals also, either at a
special election in November of this
year or at the general election of
November. 1916.
Tt ! asserted thst Trior children are em
rloved in danpflruus occupations now than
tiiirl) cara .
I'- - is V) s-' .Mwm.'xi -si
'ST PAUL, Jan. 10. Marshall P. Wilder, the author and humorist,
died at a St. Paul hotel early today from heart trouble, complicate
by a slight attack of pneumonia. Mr. Wilder had been in Pr health
for the past two weeks, and last Friday was forced to cancel his
vaudeville engagement here. . wnier
Since the death of his wife, more than a year ago Mr. Wl lder
had been visiblv depressed, his friends say, and this had affected nis
health. Two weeks ago he contracted a cold. This eI?Pd '"
pneumonia yesterday. He was much improved last night, but eariy
today suffered a collapse and died at 4 o'clock. j.
Mr. Wilder, who was born in Geneva, K Y.. in 1859, became a pub
lic entertainer at an early afe. and in this capacity BPPe"ed,at..
time before English royalty. Among his best known books are im
Sunny Side of the Street" and "amiling Around the World.
Federal Commission Prepares
to Study Effect of Gigan
tic Betterment Plans.
Loss on Pacific Is Estimated
at $2,000,000 Yearly.
Canneries Might Manufacture Fer
tilizer From Fish Scrap at Small
Outlay, Says Federal De
portment of Agriculture.
wiSHtT.TnV. Jan. 10. (Special.)
The waste proauced in the process
of canning salmon is variously eon
mated to be from 25 to 50 per cent of
the original weight of the fish and
more than 12,000.000 is the value of
this waste annually on tho Pacific
Coast, according to the United States
Department of Agriculture. In a new
ly published bulletin the Department's
bureau of soils suggests that canneries
might advantageously dispose of their
waste by manufacturing it into fer
tilizer or fish meal for poultry or
cattle feeding purposes. With a strict
ly by-products plant. overhead
charges would disappear and a good
profit should be realized on the sale
. -. . w.. .un the sanitary
Ol mi uj'iriwuu.1, - .
condition of the cannery would be im
Snail Unit Plant Advised.
Salmon cannery waste Is being dis
posed of at present by the "large
unit plant." which at first glance ap
pears more desirable than the small
unit plant." However, the failures in
the operation of centrally located ren
dering "large unit plants" have been
far more conspicuous than the suc
cesses. There are many reasons to
believe that the "small unit plant
. ,1. ..o.iii- if run as an in-
tegral part of the cannery, might
prove, financially, more iu.i.iij.
The "large unit plant" must haul
.t.,i whlrh the small unit
tne raw intc "
would have on hand and the former
also lacks demonstratea y
make the rendering process economi
cal There is the additional draw
back, that the season when the plant
mav be operated roust be short.
Finally there has been a. general
. , , .n thA demands of the
problem in this manner. Of course.
if the seaweea aem
connection with the fish-scrap in a
large unit plant the results might be
more satisfactory. This feature will
be considered in detail in a subse
quent article.
Moderate Equipment Adequate.
- The bv-products plant, which is Just
sufficient to treat the output of the
cannery's waste, seems the only al
ternative to the central rendering sta
tion. Por equipment the old-fashioned,
unimproved retort cooker and hydrau
lic press are adequate. This is be
cause they are the only apparatus
which has been applied successfully
on a small scale, rather than because
thev are ideal. This form of appar
atus will render salmon cuttings, af
fording a good grade of scrap and a
fair yield of oil. The total cost of a
suitable apparatus should approximate
Proceeds may be estimated as loi-
Bcrap. 115 tons, at $10....... 4.600
OH, f&iiuns, u -
Total proceeds 1?'22?
Tolal expenses z.BSK,
According to the estimate Jt414 is
-J aa nrnfil Mnrfl fitHctlV this
1UI UU. u no f ' " ' - .
should be regarded as the working
margin of income over expenses.
the conditions imposed are more severe
than those probably to be encountered,
it Is believed that this estimate is
Woman's IMea Touches Church
Heads for "Fare," Too.
nofvv pttv Or Jan. 10. fSoe-
cial.) Oregon City ministers tell this
on themselves:
Several days ngo a woman ap
proached Rev. T. B. Ford, pastor of the
First Methodist church. "Are ypu pas
tor of the Methodist Church here?" she
asked. Dr. Ford confessed he was.
"Well. I'm from Salem." she said. "I
am a member of a Methodist Church
. . v... Vmaw ahi. mtnlnter fifin't
mere. vu . -
a -v. mnttnnrl tne name of
you ouw -
a Salem enurenman. l came i
gon City to keep an appointment con
cerning a real estate deal, but I lost
the address of the man I was to meet
and I don't even know his name 1
also lost my return ticket to fealem
and I don't know how I will go back
home unless I walk." Here the woman
applied her handkerchief to her eyes.
Dr. Ford, always generous, was
touched by the woman's appeal and he
said: "I know your minister. That is
all right Here is 1.10 for another
ticket and 40 cents for supper before
y0Theeawoman left and Dr. Ford was
given an opportunity to medl'ate J"?
his kindness. The next day he met
Rev T. W. Milliken. pastor of the J? lrst
Baptist Church, and explained in de
tail the plight of the woman he had
assisted. .
A smile spread over the face of the
second clergyman. "You are a bigger
sucker than I thought." he said.
Dr. Ford was surprised. What do
you mean?" he asked.
"I mean that you are 40 cents a big
ger sucker than I was when she took
me in on the same proposition," was
The clergymen were only two of the
victims of the woman during her visit
in Oregon tjny. wim
in modified forms, she-extracted money
from a number of prominent business
Leading Men to Be Examined as
Witnesses In Hearings Soon to
Begin Propriety of Regn-
lation to Be Considered.
NEW YORK, Jan. 9. Whether
resources of approximately a quarter
of a billion dollars controlled by four
great philanthropic institutions should
be employed without Government regu
lation in the promotion of enterprises
affecting public welfare, especially that
of wage earners, is one of the ques-1
tions which the Federal Industrial!
Relations Commission will bring to the)
front here during its forthcoming!
hearings. Investigators lor the lastj
two weeks have been preparing data !
on which to base the examination of !
witnesses. - V j
The four institutions are the Rocke-I
feller. Sage, Cleveland and Baron de
Hirsch foundations, the latter repre
sented in this country by Jacob H.
SchifT. Their chief officers have been
summoned to testify and will be asked,
it was said today at the commission
headquarters, to tell what policies
govern the distribution of their chari
ties, their attitude toward labor prob
lems, tne nature ol their schemes for
social betterment; in sum, to disclose
in detail the character of all their
Resources Derived From Industry.
In view of the fact that the im
mense resources of these institutions
were chiefly derived from the profits
of industrial enterprises and that they
were now, employing them in many
ways affecting the conditions of wage
earners, it was the desire of the com
mission, it was explained, to determine
whether their policies were in every
respect consistent with the public wel
fare. It was pointed out that the in
stitutions were under no legal obliga
tion to make their operations pubic
and that it was a pertinent question to
determine whether such immense
resources were potentially dangerous,
when not subject to governmental
In raising this question no implica
tion was intended, it was explained.
It was simply the purpose of the com
mission to call attention without
Scores of Interpreters Will Be eces
mtiTy and Guards Against Corrup
tion .ot Clearly Defined.
ST. LOUIS, Jan. 10. "The immigra
tion bill just passed by Congress is
fatally defective from every stand
point." This declaration was made here
today by Charles Xagel, ex-Secretary
of Commerce and Labor, at a banquet
tendered to the St. Louis editors of
foreign-language publications by Louis
N. Hammerling, president of the Amer
lean Association of Foreign Language
"The bill is also objectionable be
cause it will be in itself an invitation
to fraud." Mr. Nagel continued. "Scores
of interpreters will be necessary, and
if one of these is corrupted he can
bring In any number of illiterate per
sons. "Then, it is without the semblance
of justice and is at variance with the
principles on which this Nation was
A resolution adopted at the banquet
included Mr. Nagel's opinion of the bill
and added that the measure would be
"an everlastinr reflection on tha
United States." A copy of the resolu
tion will be forwarded to President
Wilson with he plea that he veto the
: X
Daughter of Ex-President Roosevelt
Striken by Malady While Attending-
Children's Party.
NEW YORK, Jan. 10. (Special.)
Mrs. Nicholas Longworth, wno was
Miss Alice Roosevelt, has been con
fined for the past few days at the
Fifth-avenue home of Mrs. Cornelius
Vanderbilt with a severe attack of the
mumps. Mrs. Longworth was resting
comfortably tonight.
Mrs. Longworth came to this city
several days ago to visit the Vander
bilts and to attend the children's party
given by Mrs. Vanderbilt for her chil
dren. Grace and Cornelius, Jr. While
stopping there she was taken ill. Tne
Vanderbilts' family physician'was sum
moned to attend her. He diagnosed
the case as mumps and the house was
at once quarantined. The children were
taken to the home of Mrs. Ogden
Goelet. where they are now Btaylng.
A servant at the Vanderbilt home
brought back the following message to
a reporter who called there today:
"Mrs. Longworth doesn't want her
mumps ,to get in the papers."
Woman Asks $5000 Damages.
WALLA- WALLA. Wash.; Jan. 10.-
(SDeclal.) Arvilla Van Dyke sued
Theodore Grote for 5000, asking half
for being detained in Starbuck while
her belongings were searched to find
two rings, worth $135, which she de
clares Grote charged her with taking.
She asks $2500 for slander, charging
that Grote loudly accused her of the
Double Stamps Today
' Two Good 191 S Resolves for You
Open a Monthly Account With Us. Always Take Your Stamps
For Today
25c Kolynos Tooth Paste,
3 for 50C
$1.00 Ambre Royal Per
fume, oz 75c
$1.00 Bouquet Farnese
Perfume, oz. 75C
50c Java Eiz Powder 39c
50c S t i 1 lm a n Freckle
Cream 3oC
25c Woodbury's Face
Cream . . X9
25c Spiro Powder. . -19c
25c Espey's Cream.. 14c
50c Luxus Rouge... 33?
$3.00 French Ivory Hair
Brush . S1.75
50c Ivory Combs. . -33c
25c Tooth Brushes; war
ranted 19c
Pyralin Ivory, 25 Discount.
V I? 1 7
We sell or rent.
Easy terms.
JO styles.
i J
r-iri f r
solve the question. They
Just Can't Leak and we
warrant them so for 5
years. Can you
3 Sizes t
We mend hot
water bottles
bent it?
'Likly" Goods take a
5-year guarantee.
iw.A.-fl you dot
K you
at least bo safe and com
fortable. Our Trusses
meet every need and our
fitters arc skilled men and
women, who know how.
You pay us no more for
the service which we give
a service which spells
satisfaction to you.
Woodard, Clarke & Co., Alder St. at West Park
. IMlllsasmsaslssfl SaaaaSaaSaaaaaaaaa
prejudice to the power which these
institutions were Ii a position to exer
cise, rightfully or wrongfully, espe
cially in shaping public opinion. It
was pointed out that in England the
so-called "charity trusts" are required
by law to make public reports.
Industrial Leader, to Be Called.
The Commission also plans to call
the directors and chief stockholders of
several of the large industries to ob
tain, a discussion of their relations with
employes; also members of the Na
tional Civic Federation, and the rew
York Charity Organization Society.
"It is the purpose of the Commis
sion.'" says a statement by Frank P.
Walsh chairman of the Commission,
"to bring before it in New York the
men whose names are most closely as
sociated with our great basic indus
tries, and through this means to ob
tain a full, frank discussion of the
relation that exists between the cen
tralization of wealth and power in
their hands and a feeling of unrest
among wage earners.
"Whether rightfully or wrongfully, a
large number of wage earners com-
plain that their interests are prejudiced
by the fact that the industries In which
they are employed are owned and con
trolled by men. who live at a distance
and who have no personal knowledge
of the conditions under which the em
ployes work and live.
Complete Statements Desired.
"The Commission assumes, of course,
that every good citizen desires to aid
In any sincere effort to get at the
underlying causes of industrial unrest,
and in this as in its other inquiries
it Is approaching its task with an open
mind and a desire only to get at the
facts. Each witness will be urged to
make a complete statement of his
views. The Commission's conclusion
will be given only in its report to Con
gress, and until that is submitted its
attitude will be open-minded and free
from prejudice."
Nearly 50 witnesses have been sum
moned, most of them persons of Na
tional prominence.
Britons From Fiji Seek Service.
HONOLULU, Jan. 10. A eontlnsrent
of 60 volunteers for service in the Itrit-
Ish army arrived hero yesterday from
tho Fiji Islands on board Iho steamer
Makura. They nro on the way to Van
couver, B. O. Many are wealthy rerl
dents of the Islands, but all are trav
eling as steerage passengers.
I n nut to of Hume Props Head.
WALLA WALLA. Wash., Jan. 10.
(Special.) John Moore. a-ed 7, died
of apoplexy at the Oddfellows' Home
yesterday. He stepped Into the bath
room and was found dead 15 mlnu'cs
later. He came to the homo from
la.-euport In 1310. He was born In
For Infant, and CMllreo.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Boars tho
nations agree
From Portugal to Iceland, from
India to Siberia, from Mexico
City to Alaska, wherever there
is the raw cold of the plains or
the dry cold of altitudes, heating
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radiators iBoilers
This recognition of the perfection and supremacy
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fire-protecting such cherished and important
buildings as
U.S. Capitol
The White House
Independence Hall
Old North Church
Old Boston State House
West Point
U. S. Treasury
The Vatican
Doge's Palace
Uffizzi Gallery
Palace Davaniati
Roman Senate
Strozzi Palace
Monte Carlo Casino
Westminster Abbey
Marlborough House
British Museum
Warwick Castle
Bank of England
London Royal Exchange
Grand Hotel, Pretoria
Ecole Polytechnique
Pasteur Institute
Musee de Cluny
Palais de Institut
Paris Bourse
Bank of France
Kaiser's Potsdam Palace
Berlin Dom
Deutsche Bank
Czar's Summer Palace
Sultan's Palace
Vienna University
Women's Academy, Seoul
Canadian Parliament Bldg.
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Melbourne Hospital, etc.
f rirniBanrls of other notable
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OI nUXllUlC llUUlca, viu euiu - - . -
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w tr i n
A No. 5-22-W IDEAL Boiler and 461 ft. of
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Our ARCO WAND Vacuum Cleaner has been in steady use for over three years, and no failures. It works
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