0 THE MORNING OTtEGONIAN, THTTRSDAT, DECEMBER 31, 1914. POBTLAND, OREGON. Entered at Portland. Oron, Fostofflcs as second-class nattar. Subscription Utiu Invariably Advance-: Ey Mall.) pally, Sunday Included, on year . ......8 "0 Uaily, Sunday included, six months ..... .'I3 Jjally, Suncay Included, tore month ... 3.Z5 Jjally, Sunday Included, odi rooatli ..... .7 3-iaily, without Sunday, one year ........ e.OO Jjaily. without Sunday, six months 8.24 Iaily, without Sunday, three months ... 1-' Jjally, without Sunday, on mouth ...... -u Weekly, on year 1-60 Cunday, one year ....... J.60 unday and Weekly, one year - (By Carrier.) Dally, Sunday Included, one year ..... .$9.00 Xally, Sunday Included, one month Hew to Remit Bend Fostoftice money or. ner, axpreaui order or pergonal check .on your local bank, Stamps, coin or currency are at endsrs risk. Give poutolflce addxeaa la full. Including county and state. Poetise Kates 18 to 16 pases. 1 cent; 18 Jo x paces, it centa; S4 to H pases, S cent: 0 to u pace. 4 centa; 62 to s passa. 3 tents; 78 to 62 paces. 6 centa. Foreign poat- double rates. Eastern Business Office Verree Conk Jin, Mew York. Brunswick bulldinc; Cnl csee. tunj.r buildin. 6n anclsco Office- R. J. Bldwell Com Dsuy. 742 Market street. : rORTLAM, THXRSDAY, DEC. 81, 1914. j ? ; CONTROL OF WATER POWER. While Franklin T. Griffith is pres- - ident of the greatest hydro-electric : company in Oregon, hla criticisms of the Ferris power-site leasing bill show the Interests of power companies to be generally Identical with those of the state. Oregon's interest demands that - -water power be developed, but it can : not be developed without the employ ; ment of large blocks of capital. Any " Jaw which prevents the employment or mis. capital or renders tne opera tions or its owners unnecessarily ex- ; pensive is injurious not only to the , Investors but to the state and to all of , Its people. We need feel no alarm as to the size of any investment in one ,- or several allied enterprises, for the state has ample power to regulate the operations of electric companies and has demonstrated its readiness to ex ercise that power with regard to the greatest corporations. In the face of this evidence of the - state 3 paramount Interest in water j power development and of this demon stration or tne state s readiness to con- , trol corporations in the public inter est, the Ferris bill proposes to lay j 'down the conditions under which the uuveiupmeiit anai oe nmue ana unaer wmcn the business shall be conducted. " It concedes the state control of rates V only as to power sold within its bor ders ana oniy wnen mat state nas a -.regulative body. The Secretary of the . Interior is made a judge of the effi- - ciency of state regulation and by his . ,ah mid jvv:uiiieni, (ii.y tosu xaio ;uii trol. Any electric current that crosses - A UN.Lt9 XI1USL UB ftOiU UL rULCS It II U on terms dictated by him. The Na tion assumes supreme power and grudgingly yields a very limited power to the state, which it treats not as a sovereign with powers limited only by the National Constitution, but as a province of a centralized government, whence flows all governmental au thority. This broad assumption of power is based on the fact that the Government owns me tana adjacent to water power and some of the land across which electric current is to be transmitted. ' The state owns the water in non-navigable streams; the Federal courts have so decided. The state has made a code of laws governing the disposal ; of water and administers it efficiently. The state has provided machinery to regulate the operation of power com panles. The state has done all that lg : humanly possible to guard the public ; Interest, yet Congress steps in, lnso i Jently assumes the state to be corrupt ; or incompetent and attempts to take all authority to itself. This broad as sumption of authority is based on the ' incidental fact that the Government - owns the little patch of land on which - a. power plant must be built and some ef the land across which wires must ! be stretched. The action of Congress I may be compared to the attempt to balance an inverted pyramid on its ' apex. The Government should, in Justice, have no more voice in making Water i power laws than any private owner of power sites. Such laws are made pri marily to govern the disposal of the "water, which is the state's and is sub ject only to state Jurisdiction. The power site is a mere adjunct to the ;. water and derives its value only there : from. Even as to interstate power transmission the Federal constitution would sanction a treaty between the states concerned, subject only to the .' approval of Congress. No room re- nains for Federal authority except to decide on terms for use of power sites .-' and of right of way for transmission , lines. Mr. Griffith well Illustrates the I exrent of the Government's usurpation when he says: Ninety-nine per cent of the land neees. t. earlly used in the making; of a water-power development. Including; rights of way for irwnBrajssion lines, mignt pe on privately owned land, but if 1 per cent of the land ; so used Is in the nubile domain, then the ; control or the Federal Government would attach to the entire development. i Did Congress propose to use wisely the authority which it thus attempts ; to usurp, the West might protest less vigorously, but it does not. The spon ; or for the bill comes from Oklahoma, .' a granger state not noted for Its water , power, and he seems to have fallen .' tinder the influence of those doctrjn ' aires who are obsessed with a morbid creaa or monopoly. Tne Ferris bill frowns on coupling up of plants, - though the entire lower "Willamette Valley enjoys the benefits of that prac tice in an unfailing supply. The bill would permit the Government, on the expiration of a lease, to wrench one plant apart from the system of which it forms a part, and thus to disorgan ize the whole system. The bill forbids sale to a single customer of more than 60 per cent of the output of a certain power plant, though it is conceivable that a single great industry, of great public benefit, might consume the en tire output. The bill forbids sale by a generating to a distributing company, though circumstances might make that practice beneficial to the public. Bo far as It does recognize the state's right to regulation, its effect is bad, for it subjects power developers to .dual control, and its two rulers might work at cross purposes. The restric tions, regulations and rentals provided by the bill would place companies op erating under the bill at a disadvan tage as compared with companies al ready in the field, which absolutely own their power sites and right of way tlon. These existing companies com , (3ose what the ultra-conservationists , call the trust. If they do, their in terest lies in welcoming such obstacles to competition as the Ferris bill in- , way for more development. Secretary Lane, confident In his own knowledge of the West, In his sympa- V-fiy W1L1I J LJ C... UIWVH Oa.U .1, Alia UU doubte&iy good intentions, bad a hand In framing the Ferris bill and has en dorsed it as it came from the House. It reposes wide discretion in the Sec retary of the Interior, making him practically dictator of the power In dustry. Power Interests might be will ing to accept the dictatorship of Mr. Lane, but through the fifty-year term of a lease there would be a long suc cession of secretaries of varying views, moods and prejudices.' The time to secure radical amend ment of the bill is now, nvhile it is be fore the Senate, and it is incumbent on the water-power states to act vigor ously in defense of their rights. The Oregon Legislature should take the lead in calling a conference of official delegates from these states to seek amendment of the bill and, in case of failure, to unite on a policy for defense of the rights of the states. cocstbv Axr city. The Portland members of the lower house of the State Legislature have selected Ben Selling; as their candidate for Speaker. Tb delegates from that city are holding weekly meetings to coaaider legislative questions and outline plans for action when the Legis lature meets at Salem. By thus laying their plans end working together the Senators and Representatives from that city will ac complish a great deal more and have more Influence In shaping the course of legisla tion than would the same men should they attempt to work without organizing their forcea. rlorence (Or.) West. Here is a true and candid statement of the legislative situation, so far as it concerns the Multnomah delegation. The twelve members of the House and the seven members of the Senate have already begun systematic considera tion of the large problems to be met during the Legislature. They .seek above all to ascertain the facts on any given subject so that they may be thoroughly equipped to devise a rem edy at Salem. They confer for mutual lnftfrmation.and for the state's benefit. They will be ready to meet with in formed minds the suggestions, or pro posals, of other members, when the time comes. Tet we discover that there is al ready talk of a "Portland ma chine." It comes from sources which have their own personal ends to subserve, and which find the dele gation from Multnomah County an ob stacle in their way. They have had the extraordinary temerity to seek to array- the "country" members against the "city" members. It is a wholly false issue- The politician or the newspaper which seeks to raise it de serves, and will get, widespread repro bation. This is no time for small sec tional disputes or little envies. The Multnomah delegation is fortu nate in having within its membership a number of important citizens, ex perienced in legislative matters, who are seeking to serve the state. They are in thorough earnest about their duties, and they will have at Salem the influence they are entitled to have. Is it possible that any person any where in Oregon, or any member of the Legislature, would have preferred that Multnomah elect a delegation less representative? 8CPPOSJ5. Let us suppose, mainly for the sake of mental diversion, that President "Wilson should press our present griev ance against Great Britain and that the British should show no inclination to accept our point of view. Let us then suppose, that Mr. Wilson should Insist upon a satisfactory settlement for outrages on American shipping. This, we take it, is not at all likely to happen, for the reason that the Admin istration has never shown any stability In diplomatic matters and the present demands doubtless are merely the basis of presenting claims for damages at a much later date. But, once more, supposing that the limits of diplomacy should.be reaches without our point being recognized. What would we do about it? What could we do about it? While Great Britain Js row fully absorbed in a deadly struggle with European forces, yet 6he could with ease detach several squadrons for other service should the issue be forced. These would suffice to keep our main fleet on the alert in the At lantic. And then how about the Pa cific, where Great Britain's powerful ally, Japan, stands ready to aid her friend, particularly in a struggle of mutual interests. With such a situa tion confronting us we could not send our whole fleet to the Pacific, nor could we maintain it in the Atlantic, What would we do with It? Divided, it would fall reatly prey to one force or the other. United, it could not be in two places at once, nor could It pur sue an elusive enemy to that enemy's base and thus meet the enemy's ar madas in detail. As to the possibili ties of military operations, it is un profitable even to consider them, for the reason that we have no army nor any present means of raising one. These suppositions, of course, are quite far fetched almost as much so as the possibility of a world war as viewed from the standpoint of a year ago. It does not strike The Oregoniart as at all probable that we shall have trouble with Great Britain or Japan or both of them. But it might not be ac all unprofitable for Americans to check up their limitations and note just what predicament wi would be in if some of the dire possibilities of international estrangement should ever be realteed. the cosrarxiaTY bxxg. The community sing at the armory was an unqualified success. The as sembly was pleasingly large and the singing was by no means confined to a few. Voices welled up from all parts of the house. It was astonishing to discover that so many mature men and women remember the good old tunes that were popular a generation ago. Some of them will be popular forever, but others will naturally drop out be fore new favorites like Tlpperary, As far as enthusiasm went, "Tlp perary" was more liked than any other song. The people could not sing it often enough and the charming chorus of schoolchildren rendered it with more of a will than any other selec tion. Was it because the profound melancholy of the piece harmonizes with our current pessimism? The big congregation sang "Dixie Land" better than anything else because they at tacked it crisply and carried the tune through with vim and precision. All congregational Blnging is made difficult by the Ineradicable tendency to drag the notes. Unless the people are constantly prodded they will seize the notes and turn them into long drawn howls of woe, making the mer riest piece a sample of Scotch psalm ody at its worst. At the next commu nity sing It may be a good plan to let the band lead the tunes. If the play ers set a merry pace and keep it up as they should the assembly will be forced to step lively. The pianos did their best to hold the voices up to the mark, but of course they were drowned by the multitude. The band could not be thus overwhelmed. There Is no reason why we should not hear the same keen beauty and agility of at tack at the community sings as in the Catholic choirs. The chorus of school children actually achieved this at the armory. The whole assembly can do the same with sufficiently vigorous prodding from the band. THE BT-PRODTJOTS COMMITTEE. Apple growers are vitally interested in the meeting of the By-Products committee which is to be held at Seattle, January 22. It Is commonly agreed that the profitable disposal of by-products is the key to the prosper ity of the apple business in this part of the country. How to accomplish this important task is the question be fore the committee. Of course more can be done if there is complete co operation among the orchardists in all parts of the Northwest, As long as some pull one way and some another there is little hope of reaching the re sults desired. In order to bring about more unity of effort the by-products committee has issued a call for an apple growers' convention to meet January 22 in Seat tle. The committee will meet the next day and will thus enjoy the benefit of the growers' deliberations. Each or chard district is invited to send ten delegates to this convention. No com munity which is alive to its own inter ests will neglect to accept the invita tion. The apple growers of the North west are confronted by a real crisis in their business and unless they be come thoroughly awake to the situa tion the future does not look bright for them. The Oregonian publishes in another place the call for the meeting of the by-products committee signed by the chairman, W. H. Paulhamus, a gentleman who thoroughly under stands the problem of marketing fruit and has done as much as anybody to help solve it. THE PRESS OX lTLOHIiilTIOV. The comment of Eastern newspa pers on the vote of the House on Na tional prohibition, a synopsis of which is published in another column, recog nizes the growing strength of the mor al sentiment against the liquor traffic, but is almost universally hostile to prohibition as the best remedy. Na tional prohibition, is attacked from every point of view as a remedy for intemperance which has been proved inefficacious, as a violation of state rights, as an Invasion of personal lib erty, as a National confession that we Americans lack self-control, and as it self intemperate. The liquor traffic not only has its strongest hold in the East, but that section has in its population a larger proportion than the West of foreign born people to whom restriction of their personal habits is repugnant. The West and South have a larger propor tion of native-born people and of ag riculturists, who more readily take up the moral argument for prohibition. Western people have a broader horizon and look at public affairs from a Na tional viewpoint. They refuse to be hampered by state Jlnes in viewing questions of general moment, such as prohibition is becoming. In the South liquor is Involved with the race ques tion. In his desire to "keep liquor away from the nigger" the Southerner forgets his beloved state rights and is willing to limit his personal freedom. The Oregonian can indorse the sen timent of the New York Evening Sun that "the clashing of these contend ing armies serves to make us all think, to make us all study the subject, to prepare the way for a calmer and more thoughtful solution of it than is pos sible in the heat of such a struggle." Many influences other than the law are at work and are actually promot ing temperance and placing a stigma on Intemperance. These influences may become so potent that they may convince the majority that prohibition Is unnecessary or they may make it a mere ratification of an almost com pletely accomplished fact. VICTORIOTJS CONJTtJCTTJfi. When China was declared a repub lic missionaries and other Westerners fondly believed that a total change had taken place In the national spirit. Among other welcome transformations was that' of the old religious spirit. Under a republic they expected that Confucius and all his works would be relegated to oblivion. But Jt has not turned out as they hoped. The Con fucian ceremonial has now been re stored in its fullness. The President of the Chinese republic sacrificed to Heaven at the Christmas season this year and he will repeat the rite at the Summer solstice as the ancient faith requires. In addition to that, each minor official must perform similar rites as circumstances permit in the local sanctuaries. The ceremonies are all prescribed by law. They are in fact an integral part of the Chinese constitution. The President's performance of them in dicates to his people that he Is firmly established in power and ready to suc ceed the deposed dynasty in its religi ous offices. Confucius thus regains his hold on the Chinese and hoary tradi tion resumes that sway over them which seemed for a time to have been dispelled forevef. " The resumption of the Confucian ceremonial presents some pretty prob lems to Chinese Christians, if there are such creatures. In order to hold even a petty office in the republic they must consent to make sacrifice to heaven and pay the proper tribute to Confucius. This some of them will probably, not be willing to flo. It would amount to nothing more serious, we may suppose than the habitual dis obedience to the precepts of our re ligion which we practice at home. Christians, for example, are expressly forbidden to take an oath, but they disregard the prohibition with un troubled consciences. Chinese con verts may learn in time to offer the legal sacrifices with similar serenity of soul. These things are often a matter of habit rather than of doctrine. One may believe a number of things with out any particular effect upon his con. duct if he discreetly schools his con science. HADLET AND TREITSCHKE. President Hadleys article on Treit schke in the Yale Review demon strates one fact pretty clearly. He knows a good deal more about rail roads than he does about philosophy. His remark that Treitschke had no intellectual kinship with Nietzsche shows how little he understood either of them. The two philosophers were twin brothers as far as doctrine was concerned. This has been perceived recently by almost every writer except President Hadley. He naturally takes the view that everybody else is mis taken, but tipsy men are in the habit of seeing the room whirl round while they alone are stable. Take one point for an example of many. President Hadley says Treitschke is the opposite of Nietschke because he taught the doctrine of sac rifice, while Nietzsche upheld the ut terly selfish superman. On the sur face this is so, but only on the surface. Nietschke taught sacrifice, too. In his theory everybody not a superman must bow down to the blond beast, live and work for him. If this Is not sacrifice full and complete what is it? To be sure, it Is not always voluntary, but neither is the sacrifice that Treitschke taught. His theory Is the exact parallel of NIetschke's, as we immediately under stand when for "superman" we write "almighty state." Treitschke put the all-dominant state where Nietzsche put the blond beast, but one Is as much a beast as the other, just as ruthless. Just as exacting. Just as con scienceless. The monstrous vision that appeared to Nietzsche as an overgrown man showed itself to Treitschke as an overgrown governing class. In practice what is the difference? The individual is completely sacrificed In both cases. According to Nietzsche the superman makes his own rules of right and wrong n the light of his own lusts. According to Treitschke the almighty state does the same thing. Neither philosopher admits any such entities as eternal principles of right and wrong. It is all a matter of self-interest. Neither one of them has a spark of originality in his Infer nal teaching. It all runs back to the Greek sophists, some of whom taught the same things. All that the mod erns have done is to veneer the old fallacies with a thin coat of up-to-date science. A scientist of the Geological Sur vey deduces this world is one hundred million years old, and another affirms man's ascent from the ape. As these learned men would strike from the records the incidents of Moses in the bulrushes, Jonah in the whale and David and Goliath in the ring, with a lot of other interesting matter, those who desire can believe them, but the great majority will not. One section of our countrymen is enraged at England for stopping con traband shipments. Another section wants all contraband shipments stopped by Congress, at least such as go to the allies. Between the two we dare say commerce will pursue its way about as it has been doing. It is not the business of this country to cut its own nose off to stop the war. "Safety first" as a principle of ac tion, has apparently not penetrated yet as far as Echo. The woman who crawled under a train at that place to cross the track could hardly have expected to emerge alive. She cared more for saving a few minutes' time than for her safety. Now time does not exist for her and safety is a mat ter of indifference. The legislators who think music is of small consequence as a school study need to revise their estimates of rela tive values. The man who has no mu sic in his soul, as we are taught by a great authority, "is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils." Do we want the dear little children to grow up traitors? The five million dollars' worth of American meat seized during the past six weeks must be released. Calling the Chicago product "conditional" con traband Is merely fitting the act to conditions. British coast towns want an Investi gation of national unpreparedness to prevent German naval raids. Rather late to Investigate the lack of locks on the barn door after the mare has been stolen. A news dispatch says fifty Ameri cans repelled a mob of 150 Mexicans in a Texas town Tuesday night, which, has an incredible sound. Why so many Texans in a waste of endeavor? Champ Clark announces he will not be a candidate in 1916, but you do not hear anything from crosser of gold and crowner of thorns on the subject. He is so deep he is dumb. The French are concentrating for a forward movement in Alsace. With proper concentration and initiative they may make a gain of half a dozen yards. Frequent changing of women's styles is blamed for much unemployment Also explains why many of us have our noses so close to the grindstone. Commissioner Brewster has old fashioned ideas about making a city employe work on a holiday as if any thing would be done. The Senate is lining up for a fight with Mr. Wilson over patronage. Why can't Mr. Bryan ring in the A. B. C. mediators? Lloyds now quotes the United States as a war risk. Ah, stop making the chills run down our spine! Great Britain having received our note in an amicable manner, no doubt Mr. Bryan will be able to sleep of nights. Berlin now admits that the Aus trian army is inferior. Which makes the opinion unanimous outside of Austria- Only half a century has passed since Great Britain was selling to the Cone federate Government. Study the new transfer system and do not growl at the conductor. He has other troubles. The moon will be full tomorrow. Bad start for the !new year, so to speak. La France walked right out and turned around and walked right in again. Petrograd denies wanting peace. Or at least of having confessed to that want. Begin the new year with.At least one good resolution and stand by it. According to one expert, football is safe if the unfit are kept out. But aren't they? This is the customary day for part ing company with old Satan. Many" of us will not go to bed again this year. Many will ride a h'owl car tonight. Learned to write it 1916 yet? Stars and Starmaker BY LEOKB CASS BIER, Billie Burke is chronicled In the press as exceedingly proud of her vegetarian dog, which eats nothing but lentils and beans and stewed prunes and mattress like breakfast foods and whatnots in the hay line. Now that's exactly what Td call leading a real dog's life. e David Warfield says the thing he abominates most in the world of the atricals is curtain speeches. Curtain calls are nice enough but speeches. "I abominate them," he says. "For a mu sical show or with a comic actor, a speech is all a part of the performance, a sort of little monologue that can be made as interesting as the actor pleases, but for a dignified actor, what 's there to do but step out of his role, smirk, smile and tell the audience how much he appreciates its being an audi ence, and that he thanks them from the depths of the box office, etc. If an actor has registered in a role there is an end of it. The actor who goes in strong for curtain speeches is the one who goes later' to the restaurant for his second round of applause from the after-theater suppers who watch him eat." Mr. Warfield calls these actors the show offers. He talked at great length on theatrical conditions and attributes the standing still of attractions other than the "Auctioneer" partly to the movies. "A chap can take his girl to the motion pictures for 10 cents apiece, where seats at a theater would eost $2. And you can get so much for your 10 cents and it calls for no extras. Theater seats demand a supper afterward, but the movies call for only a nice saunter home in the moonlight or the rain," he added. see Pearl Gilman, sister to Maybelle Gil man Corey, wife of the steel magnate, has taken another lap in her pictur esque career and. is cabaretting in the Indian Grill of the Alexander Hotel In Los Angeles. eve Mary Edgett Baker says she heard somewhere that the name of Santa Claus' wife is Mary Xmas. see Ferris Hartman. the comedian, will make another Pacific Coast tour. He is organizing in San Francisco what he says is the best company he ever had and carries the good wishes of thou sands of friends in' his enterprise. . Mrs. Leslie Morosco, of the "Watch Your Step" company. Is suing her hus band, brother of Oliver Morosco, for divorce in New York. e Lorena M. Grover. of Pasadena, is preparing to go into vaudeville with a partner, featuring the ukelele and voice. She is a Westfield, N. Y., young wom an, who has spent five years in Cali fornia and has assiduously studied, in addition to appearing In straight dra matic roles. Like several other Call fornian young women, she Is a protege of Ellen Beach Yaw, who has been the Lady Bountiful for many an aspiring player. William Crane Is coming to the Heilig late this season. He opened his second season In "The New Henrietta" at Indianapolis yesterday. Next he moves into Chicago for an indefinite run, after which he comes to this Coast. Associated with Mr. Crane are Thomas W, Ross, Mavclyn Arbuckle. Amelia Bingham and Edith Taliaferro. e e A company of actors has organized Itself in England for the purpose of diverting the British soldiers at the front. The plan no doubt aims at cheering the soldiers with that present preva lent species of playlet depicting the horrors of war in such a manner as to be readily grasped by spectators. Wlnthrop Ames i has completed the cast of the American prize play, "Chil dren of Earth," shortly to be produced. It includes Effie Shannon, Herbert Kel- cey, A. E. Anson, Olive Wyndham, Cecil Yapp, Gilda Varesl, Reginald Barlow, Mrs. Kate Jepson and Theodore von Elts. Origin of 9iame? Oregon. SOLDIERS' HOME. Cal., Dec. 28 (To the Editor.) Jor the information of my old friend, J. C. Moreland, and others interested I will state that the name Oregon is derived from Juan De Fuca's account of his voyage. In which alluding to the Puget Sound country his men, after an excursion ashore, brought off a shrub which they thought was wild Marjoram, perhaps the same as that we call wild sage, and De Fuca mentioned the locality as "Terra Ore ganum," land of wild Marjoram. From Oregon to Oreganum is a short cut. You will find the word Oreganum, as describing a herbaceous plant in the Spanish dictionary. Got my information 16 years ago from a Castlllian in Mexico City. MAX PRACHT. One Too. PORTLAND. Dec. 29. (To the Edi tor.) Please tell me if the following is correct: There are three too s in the English language, to, too and two. A READER. , Grammatically the sentence is correct, but as a. statement of fact it is not correct. There are three words having the sound of "too," but only one "too." Opportunity for Living; Genius. PORTLAND. Dec. 29. (To the Edi tor.) Apropos the discussion on Eng lish going on in The Oregonian, it would be very interesting if some of your contributing authorities would parse through your columns the re curring "living" In the following sen tence: 'io living man living at Plum ville cares sufficiently for living to dig for a living." H. B. P.B. "la" Is Correct. FOREST GROVE, Dec. 11. (To th Editor.) Will you please answer which is correct, 6 times 7 are 42, or 6 times 7 is 42. Give the reason why it is "are" or "Is." C L. LARGE. The .phrase "6 times V Is a common noun in the singular number. Hence "is" should follow it. Rules for Dominoes. PORTLAND, Dec 29. To the Edi tor.) Kindly publish rules for game of dominoes. J. WILSON. There are several varieties of the game. Rules for the most common may be found in any encyclopedia at the Public Library. Calling: On a Hermit. Exchange. A hermit lacks modern conven iences, but comparatively little com pany Invades his sylvan retreat. Parents) Are Taken to Task. Atchison Globe. In the interest of peace in the fam ily, parents should be more obedient to their children. VOTE OX" NATIONAL PROHIBITION. Comment on Iasne as National Qneatlon in Press of Country. New York Globe. Men not at all interested in preserv ing the business or in using its prod uct differ as to the Dracticability or advisability of Imposing rules of per sonal hygience and sanity upon a na tion of nearly 100,000.000 people. These differences may be dissolved. We be lieve that if a rsation-wide vote upon the manufacture and sale of liquor were permitted, the Nation would pro hibit it. Men who drink would vote for prohibition not all who drink, but many who drink. What would happen thereafter, we do not pretend to know. It is observable and conceded that the drift of the Nation is toward re striction, if not extinction, of the liquor business. Nation-wide prohibition with in 10 years? It may be. Two Tendencies Shown. Indianapolis News. There was no dodging. The vote. It seems to us, shows two things the strength of the opposition to the liquor traffic and the tendency away from the idea of centralization in government The fortunately growing opposition to the liquor traffic Is making Itself felt lr an effective way, and temperance is today almost a necessary qualification for service in many departments of business. We have in the last 25 years made enormous progress. So there is no reason for discourage ment. The movement will go on. Prob ably we shall In the future think some what more of self-restraint than we have been accustomed of late to do, and less restraint from Washington. As it is, there is nothing in the vote from Which the liquor people can derive much encouragement. Russianizing: the Rr-oubllc. New York World. Of the 16 states commonly referred to as Southern. 11 voted either unanimous ly or by a majority in favor of Nation wide prohibition. Of members representing the states that seceded in 1860-61. about 80 per cent voted, in favor of Nation-wide pro hibition. In the face of such a showing as this it will not be advisable for the Demo cratic party to rest too many hopes uopn the dissensions past and present of its opponents. A point that will have to be considered soon is whether the organization which at the South styles itself the Democratic party is Demo cratic in anything but name. It is going to be necessary pretty soon for men and states that would Russianize this republic to operate un der true colors. The thing cannot be done In the name of Democracy. Temperance Is Not Prohibition. Boston Transcript. The attitude of the New England members was significant and we be lieve sound. A few months ago a vig orous crusade was carried on all over Massachusetts in favor of National pro hibition. Yet every member of the del egatlon from this commonwealth, with one not very important exception, voted against the resolution. Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Hampshire stood solidly against it, while Maine and Vermont broke even. We have lit tle reason to doubt that this vote was fairly representative of popular sent! ment. Yet there is no section of the country where peace and order are bet ter maintained, or one in wnicn tne moral standards are higher. Temper ance and prohibition are by' no means synonymous. In fact they have fre quently been proved antagonistic, and even were the record of the latter more effective than it has ever been it would not be the best way to advance the former. National prohibition would be Invasion of a right that belongs ex clusivelv to the states if anything does, The resolution is dead, for the present at least, and it should have no resur rection. New York Evening; Sun. Unfortunately "the liquor question," as it is called. Is rarely, we might al most say never, discussed calmly and falriv. Tt stirs ud hot blood and bad feeling as soon as it i3 broached, and nroduces a state of mind that is ais tlnctly unfavorable to, if not wholly inconsistent with, a reasonaDie conciu sion. The conflict Is an Irrepressible and inevitable one a conflict between intel lectual and moral Puritanism and the moral and intellectual hostility to metn- ods suggestive of tyranny. Under such conditions the truth is bound to sutler. The time will come when the coun try will consider the question of prohi bition, state or National, solely on it3 merits as an economic and govern mental question, wholly apart from the hostile philosophy of the opposing schools of ethics. The prohibitionists damage their cause by intemperance and intolerance. The real force of the license argument is lost in the bitter. ness and passion with which it is pre sented. But the clashing of the con tending armies does this much good that it serves to maice us an tninK. to make us all study the subject, to pre pare the way for a calmer and more thoughtful solution of it than is pos sible in the heat of such a strugglj as this. . Do We Confeasi Lack of Self -Con trol New YorK Sun. We must take the figures as repre senting a very decided, if mistaken, opinion espoused by millions of man and women, a serious moral conviction of the sort Americans have been fond of, and which even the melodramatic Captain Sobson, a mistletoe on legs, cannot make ridiculous. From Sagamore Hill the astute old champion player of the game of politics sees the movement, a glowing and pas sionate reform. Like enough he will yank it away from Brother Bryan whom he has stripped naked of so many other notions. The combination of factors against alcohol was never so potent as it is at present. Moreover, the resistance of tnose wno like the Sun believe in tem perance or volunteer, and not law- made, conscript teetotalism. is weak. Are the American people going to confess that they lack the self-control to use alcohol properly? Are they go ing to confess that they are In this re spect lamentably inferior to the French and the Germans, those wise and sober enjoyers of life? We don't believe it. we don't see these United States as continental alcoholic ward. Prohibition Not Democratic. New York World. When we had a true Democratic party, such a thing as National Pro hibition would have received no more attention at its hands than a proposi tion to repeal the Declaration of Inde pendence. There were three excel lent reasons. , Democrats did not believe in making men rignteous Dy law. Democrats be lieved in personal liberty. Democrats finally had a deep-seated conviction that in all matters personal, domestic and social, regulation should be locaL Those who hope to effect Prohibition by constitutional law will not stop there. They are bound to be resisted. They are bound to persist. We have two constitutional amendments already that local self-government has reduced to blank 'paper. We shall then have another; or if zeal shall outrun dis cretion, we shall have an imperialistic movement for the subversion of the po lice power of the states. We shall never have a true solution of the liquor ques. tlon, until extremists recognize the fact that men may oppose Prohibition and still be sober, honest and respectable. The question is broader than appetite or habit. Most men are In agreement as to the evils properly attributable to the misuse of liquor. There is a wide field for disagreement as to the best method of remedying those evils. Twenty-Five Years Ago From The Oregonian, December 30, 1SS9. Oporto, Dec 29 The light has gone from the life of kind old Dom Pedro. Beside the bed of his dead wife the ex Emperor of Brazil weeps, and he him self is not expected to live long. Among telegrams of condolence was one from Queen Victoria. The last words of thdex-Empress were: "Alas, Brazil! Brazil! that beautiful country! I can never return there." The burial of the ex-Empress will be in the Pan theon. Countess D'Eu, when notified of her mother's death at Madrid, col lapsed. London, Dec. 28. Galdstone, the eminent statesman celebrated his SOth birthday anniversary today. Montgomery, Ala., Dec. 29. Mrs. Robert Tyler died this morning, aged 74. She was the daughter of the tragedian Thomas Cooper and Mary Fairlie, a celebrated belle of New York. In 1840 she married the son of President Tyler and, owing to the con tinued illness of the President's wife, young Mrs. Tyler, at the President's request, presided as the "Lady of the White House" during the first three years of the President's term. San Francisco Captain T. P. H. Whitelaw has left for Portland to make an examination of the sunken Clan MacKenzIe, rammed by the Ore gon a few days ago. Chairman D. P. Thompson, of the School Board, says he considers four fifths of the applicants for free tuition are unworthy. Possibly no one in the city enjoyed a happier Christmas than did old Peter Hart, who recently came from Montana to have an operation on his eyes. He was totally blind and Dr. William B. Watkins, of the hospital staff, gave as a present to him, the restoration of his sight, following an operation. Mr. Hart comes from Missoula and is 64. For the last six years he had not seen the light of day. Plans and specifications for the new Perkins Hotel, to be elected by R. Per kins at the northwest corner of Fifth and Washington streets, have been pre pared by Justus Krumbein and bids for the excavation and construction will be opened today. The plans call for a building of brick, six stories high with a tower on the corner. Frank Dekum, it is well known. Is opposed to the introduction of electric motor cars on Washington street, where ha has extensive property hold ings, his opposition being based on the detriment of the polos and wires, etc He figures electric cars depreciate tbe value of property 30 to 4 0 per cent, Dave Campbell, who made an ex cellent showing against James Cor bett Saturday evening, announced to his friends that he would quit the ring now, having shown his friends and ac quaintances he could make a showing against a good man. Corbett. being one of the cleverest men in the ring, is not satisfied with the decision, which was a "draw," although some of the spectators thought Campbell had the best of it. Campbell said last night, however. In answer to Corbett's re quest to meet him again, he was through the ring and would go back to work at Fire House No. 1. Half a Century Ago From The Oregonian, December SI, 1S64. While Charles Kean is certainly an admirable actor it is still true that at many times, as evidenced in his recent performances here, his delivery is so rapid as to be incoherent. The beauty of many passages of both Hamlet and MacBeth were marred by a fast ut terance that left no chance to compre hend, much less appreciate the senti ment. One of the latest sensations of Lon don life is preaching in the theaters. There are five houses now thrown open to preachers every Sunday night. H. R. Meeker. Auditor and Clerk of the City of Portland, has issued a notice to taxpayers that the assessment roll for 1S64 is open to public inspection at the offices of the City Recorder until January 15. D. W. Williams & Company have a supply of timothy and wild hay on hand for sale In bales. Oats straw by the ball also Is available. Smith & Davis. 271 Front street, have been appointed ajrentd for the sale of New Almaden Quicksilver. The students of Trinity School. Os wego, will resume their studies Mon day, January 2. 1865. No pupils are received under 10 or over 15 years of age. Councilman Bennett dotes on a pair of fine trotters and delights in a com fortable and elegant "turn out" gen erally. He holds the ribbons with grace and drives with great eclat when he attempts it. There was a magnifi cent carriage came for somebody on the last steamer and yesterday . it was "navigating" tho Portland streets, bumping the holes and braving the elements (meaning mud.) We wondered who inside dared to fathom mud deeper than "Holmes Hole" and we discovered that the carriage contained nine all either Councllmen or prominent citi zens. We noticed that the worthy chairman of our street committee oc cupied a seat advantageous for tally ing the bumps and recording the splat tering of mud and we hope the ex perience of the party will result in bringing us mended ways in caring for our streets. Mary A. Hawkins, treasurer of the Latiies' Christian Commission, has is sued a statement of the proceeds of the recent fair. The net proceeds were J1717.25 in coin and $141 in currency and for membership and" from other sources $67, making the total $1781.25 in coin and $141 in currency. Editorials Please Illm. MILWATJKIE, Or., Dec. 29. (To the Editor.) The editorial page ot The Oregonian today is a treat worth men tioning. The writer or academic and social questions knows whereof he speaks and articles on these subjects serve to place The Oregonian in a class by itself. Let us hope that dur ing the New Year you will delight your readers with articles on kindred sub jects to "A Brave Judge." "Our No torious Faults" and "Some Hints on Language." Yours truly, HERMAN LOEDINO. 1915 We enter the New Year with renewed hope and clearer vision. North America is finding herself the sun of prosperity lg peeping its head above the clouds. The opportunities the war has given us are more apparent. The business difficulties It entailed are growing less. We have learned how to help ourselves and have a surplus to give to help the stricken across the sea. 1915 Is going to be a big busi ness year. Plan for your share of the pros perity by planning your advertising now. Be aggressive, be alert make 1915 the greatest year in your business success.