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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 25, 1914)
THE MOTINIXG OKEG OXIAN". FRIDAY, DEOrarilim 2., 1914.
' FOBTLAKD, OREGON.
Entered' at Portland, Oregon, Postoffice aa
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r rORIlASD. FRIDAY. DEC. 25, 1914.
: THE UGHI OF CHBISTMAS.
: And Mary brought forth her first-
torn son and wrapped him in swaa
' tiling- clothes and laid him in a mau-
ger, because there was no room for
. . them in the inn. And there were in
the same country shepherds keeping
watch over their flocks by night. And
; the angel of the Lord came upon them
and said unto them: Fear not, for be-
hold, I bring you good tidings of great
- joy which shall be to all the people.
For unto you is born this day &
Savior. Ye shall find the babe wrapped
' in swaddling clothes lying in a man
ger. And suddenly there was with
the angel a multitude of the heavenly
host praising God and saying, Glory to
" God in the highest and on earth peace,
good will toward men.
When the angels were gone away the
wondering shepherds went into the vil-
i lage of Bethlehem and there they found
; the babe lying in the manger. Beside
1 him sat Mary, infinite love in her heart,
pondering on the marvels that had
J come to pass, foreboding the future.
The hope of the world budded in the
Doay or her little cnna. it was ners
- to nurse and rear. Hers to watch over
'. as time buffeted and evil marred it.
when he wrought the miracle or the
...In. n- mAWftntvA fnno in Pqnq Vila
mother was there. When he stood be
fore Pilate, forsaken of all, Mary wept
on the threshold. She was at the foot
of the cross as he died and she must
have felt the black despair of his soul
when he cried that God had forsaken
him. Through such agonies was man
" It is believed by some that Jesus
drew his intellectual inspiration from
his mother. About his teachings there
; was a directness, an absence of mys-
ucat speculation irnicn seexneu to pur-
take of woman s clear common sense.
The world had been fed on mysteries
until it was cloyed. The Roman em
J pire into which Jesus was born
swarmed with religions, some that had
".. come down from the dim beginnings
of the world, some that had been In
i vented but yesterday. All of them
were full of speculation and magic. All
promised salvation to man, but none
i had ever fulfilled the promise. They
" sought the great end by rites, - cere
, monies, holy words and potent incan-
tatlons. The Son of Mary transcended
all that." - He taught that the world
f ' was to be saved by men's inner feel-
lng and outer conduct. He gave to the
v human soul the precept, "Love one an
t other." He laid down the law of con-
duct in the golden rule. The specu-
lative generation that came after him
forgot the essence of his teaching and
wove round his simple precepts a web
: of mystical dreams. Some of them
were borrowed from' the surrounding
religions, others were spun from
I! Paul's fertile intelligence and in their
difficult labyrinths men lost sight of
the master's own words. But there
were those who remembered. James
summed them up in his terse precept
that pure religion and undeflled is "to
, visit the fatherless and the widows in
their affliction and to keep himself
unspotted from the world," answering
Micah's imperishable question, "What
doth the Lord require of thee but to
do justly and to love mercy and to
(walk humbly with thy God?"
James" contempt for ceremony and
his love of deeds were as keen as
Isaiah's. We can imagine him con
ning to himself the bold words of
the dauntless prophet, "Bring no more
vain oblations unto me. The calling
of assemblies I cannot away with.
Tour new moons and your appointed
feasts my soul hateth. Wash you,
make you clean; cease to do evil, learn
toi do well, seek judgment, relieve the
oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead
lor the widow." Jesus himself con
stantly repeated the same teaching.
Religion was a thing of inner love and
everyday conduct, and it was nothing
more. When one came running to ask
him what he should do to inherit eter
nal life, the Master told the secret in
a single sehtene- "Sell whatever thou
hast and give to the poor; and come,
take up the cross and follow me."' No
list of doctrines to study and puzzle
over, no series of ceremonies to per
form, but a plain deed to do. But
deeds are infinitely harder than words.
Self-denial calls for higher courage
than ceremonial, and the man iwho
had come Inquiring so eagerly went
away "grieved." So the whole world
has gone from that day to this. It
has talked about Jesus. It has adored
him. It has wept over his sorrows,
but it has always gone away grieved
at the thought of his clear and simple
"I was hungered and ye gave me
meat; I was thirsty and ye gave me
drink; I was a stranger and ye took
' me in; naked and ye clothed me; I was
sick and yo visited me; I was in prison
and ye came unto me." This is the re
" ligion of Jesus. He said so ' himself
and made it the .last test by which to
Separate the sheep from the goats
when he should come in his glory and
all the holy angels with him. Jesus
turned away from the philosophies
that men had framed before his day.
He put no faith in rite and ceremonial.
j He taught- unwaveringly that if the
world were saved at all it must be
Baved by love, love working itself out
in conduct. There never was a teacher
bo utterly practical. He was despised
and . rejected when he. walked the
. earth. He has been despised and re
J jected since. Men have tried every
it ..Imaginable way of salvation but hi
way. We. have spun philosophies as
they did of yore. We have sought the
J' kingdom of heaven through meta-
physics. The world has tried to better
itself by 'strife. But strife sends a
J; heritage of hate down the years and
m. multiplies the evils it would cure. We
have sought the way out of woe by
the light of science, but the beams that
JJ" promised so much have betrayed us
;into new and hopeless misery. The
evil passions of men seize upon the
work of science and wreak death and
destruction with it. Science is good
when love informs it. All knowledge
is good when it is irradiated with the
serene light of the highest truth. And
to , see that light in its pure, sweet
beauty, the beauty of deathless love,
we must bend with the shepherds
above the manger in Bethlehem where
the babe sleeps under its mother's
WAR THE ANTIDOTE.
The war alone has saved the United
States from the disastrous effects of
the Underwood tariff on our foreign
trade balance. In 1913 our exports
exceeded imports by $691,000,000, but
in October of that year, when the new
tariff took effect, the balance In our
favor began to diminish. It continued
to do so until April, when the balance
turned against us, and it remained
against us through the first month of
the war, as the following table, com
piled by the New York Mail, shows:
IMS Excess 114 Excess
of Exports, of Imports.
April S S3. 1118,977 111. 200.544
May W,8J3,700 2,548,806
Juns 32,lru.u:iU 457,401
July , 2t,OOrt,(,nS B.53S,44
AUKUSt 30.257.4O7 . 18.40O.8U6
In October and November, this year,
Europe began to recover from the first
effects ' of the war and steadily in
creased its sales of manufactures
When the wheat-shipping season
opened we were looking to it as a
means of stopping exports and start
ing imports of gold. But for the war
we might have continued to export
gold every month in settlement of the
adverse balance of trade.
It Is a poor recommendation for a
tariff law that nothing short of a gen
eral war, which is impoverishing Eu
rope, could prevent it from steadily
impoverishing this country.
THE AUTHOR OF WOLFYTLLE.
While Alfred Henry Lewis was
known to those keenly interested in
Governmental affairs as an able polit
ical writer, the larger area of his fame
was acquired through the medium of
his fiction. Where hundreds will re
member him as journalist thousands
will hold him in esteem for the pleas
ant hours he has given them in the
perusal of his books.
It is asserted in his biography that
the foundation of his popularity as an
author was his Wolfville stories. It is
likely that time will prove them to be
the superstructure as well. They are
tales of the romantic days now all but
gone of the great Southwest. Mr.
Lewis lived the life of a cowboy in the
Texas Panhandle and he caught and
preserved the dialect of the cattleman
and the atmosphere of the locality as
no other writer of Western fiction. His
word pictures, like Remington's paint
ings, were true to Western life.
Mr. Lewis' earlier Wolfville stor
ies gained a tremendous following
in the popular magazines, but as a re
sult, unfortunately for their perma
nent reputation as a whole, he was en
couraged to exhaust their novelty.
Unlike Conan Doyle, who realized that
the quality of his Sherlock Holmes
stories could not be maintained indefi
nitely and who can hardly be induced
to bring his fanciful detective out of
retirement, Mr. Lewis did not know
when to stop. Yet there are among
the Wolfville stories tales that for
long years to come will be cherished
as breathing the life of days in the
West that had a charm and interest
days that will never be known in
real life again.
HOLD OX EGYPT GROWS FIRMER.
In replacing the Khedive of Egypt,
who was held prisoner by the Turks,
with a new Khedive, Great Britain is
following the policy which she has
pursued with much success in India.
By keeping nominal power in. the
hands of a dummy native sovereign.
she caters to native prejudice and
reconciles the people to exercise of ac
tual power by her own servants. The
ruling class is permitted to hold titles
of dignity and of some emolument,
and is thus conciliated. The masses
of the people are governed with Jus
tice, and measures are taken for the
betterment of their condition, .while
care is observed not to arouse religious
bigotry and race antagonism. The
people enjoy -ail the material benefits
of British rulfe'ttlthout any accompani
ments which? JQtfuld make it obnoxious,
and therefore are content.
Thus it is that British rule in India
has inspired such loyalty in the native
princes that upon the outbreak of war
they poured their treasures into the
war-chest. In Egypt the assembled
Arab sheiks were informed that Tur
key had become the tool of Germany
and promptly swore fidelity' to British
rule. The Egyptian army, proud of
the victories it won under British of
ficers in the Soudan, remains faithful.
Reinforced by. troops from Great Brit
ain and from India, it fights for the
empire against the Turks. This spec
tacle of the conquered won over to and
fighting for the cause of the conquer
ors is the strongest possible evidence
of the justice and- efficiency of Great
Britain as a colonizing power.
Turkey's entrance into the war.
while adding to the tax on the re
sources of the allies, promises to prove
an advantage to Great Britain, pro
vided she is victorious. It enables her
to end the shadowy Turkish suzerainty
over Egypt and to clinch her power
over that country by making the new
Khedive an independent ruler under
her protection. It enables her to re
vise to her satisfaction the Eastern
boundary of Egypt, over which she al
most came to blows with Turkey a few
years ago. ...
But there will be some fierce fight
ing before this is accomplished. A
Turkish army has moved south from
Damascus through Syria, gathering up
the Bedouin tribesmen on its march,
and has attacked the British and
Egyptians on the frontier between El
Arish and Akaha. The historic desert
of Sinai seems to be the' chief scene of
hostilities, for it lies between the
frontier and the Suez Canal, which
Britain must defend to the last in or
der to keep open the route to India,
China, Japan and East Africa.
If the allies win, British power over
Egypt will be so firmly established
that it cannot be shaken for many de
cades If they lose, Germany will in
time take from the weak hands of
Turkey control over Egypt and with
it over the Suez Canal and the Orien
tal trade and the development of the
great Soudan empire will pass into
German hands. The fate of one-half
of Africa, of a large part of Western
Asia and of all Asiatic trade is to be
decided by the war in Egypt.
The Federal Court in Arizona has
followed a pretty well established prec
edent in refusing to interfere with the
prohibition amendment. It has been
remarked by students that the courts
will not try to dam a deep current of
public opinion and could not do it If
they did try. Daily experience seems
to confirm this theoretical view. .
PACJi JOSES' BAXD OX ENGLAND.
The most noteworthy raid on the
British coast' since the Norman con
quest and prior to the German bom
bardment of Yorkshire towns was the
attack of John Paul Jones on White
haven, on the coast of Cumberland, on
April 22, 1778. He led thirty-three
men ashore in two rowboats, surprised
and drove away the garrison of two
fdrta, reached the tidal basin and de
feated the militia in battle. Jones
then sailed away to St. Mary's Isle,
hoping to capture the Earl of Selkirk
and to hold him as a hostage for bet
ter treatment of American prisoners In
England, but the Earl was not at his
castle and Jones men only captured a
few pieces of the Earl's silver plate.
Jones was denounced as a pirate, but
he bought the plate from his men for
$700 and returned it to the Earl with
a letter of apology.
. Unlike the Germans, Jones did not
bombard private property, confining
his attacks to forts and ships, and his
return of captured plunder has no
known parallel in the present war. He
thus summed up the results of his raid:
Its actual results were of little moment,
for the Intended destruction of shipping was
limited to one vessel. But the moral effect
of it was very great, as It taught the Eng
lish that the fancied aeaurlty of their coast
was a myth, and thereby compelled their
gpvernment to take expensive measures for
the defense of numeroua porta hitherto re
lying for protection wholly on the vigilance
and supposed omnipotence of their navy It
also doubled or more the rates of insurance,
which in the Ions run proved , the moat
grievous damirt of all. I
That about describes the Vesults of
the recent German raid. It has de
stroyed British confidence in immunity
from attack on the coast, and has com
pelled the British government to make
better provision for defense of the
ports. It has Increased the sense of
insecurity among ship-owners and has
advanced insurance rates. By con
vincing John Bull that his navy does
not provide an impregnable defense, It
has stimulated enlistment in the army
and thus has helped him. By provid
ing employment for a proportion of
the land forces in coast defense, it has
reduced the force available for serv
ice on the continent, and to that ex
tent has helped the Germans. It has
also consoled them to some extent for
their naval defeat off the Falkland
A ONE-SIDED BARGAIN.
With some show of reason the rail
roads maintain that Postmaster-General
Burleson's boasted surplus of $3,
569,545 for the fiscal year ending June
30, 1914, was earned by compelling
the railroads to carry the Increased
traffic due to the parcel post without
equivalent increase of pay.
They in fact accuse the Government
of cheating them out of their just due
and then of calling the proceeds a
profit. On the face of the figures
there is some justification for the
charge, for railway mail pay was only
2.5 per cent higher in 1914 than in
191. while postoffice revenue was 16.7
per cent higher. That this increase in
revenue was due mainly to the parcel
post is suggested by the statement of
Mr. Burleson that the postal service
now carries 800,000,000 parcels an
nually, while railway mail pay is still
based on weighing of mail In 1912,
before the parcel post was instituted.
Against the claims of the railroads it
is contended that their former rates
of pay were exorbitant and that the
increase of traffic caused by the par
cel post has merely given the Govern
ment approximately the service for
which it .was paying. It is now pro
posed by Representative Moon to
change the basis of payment in such
a manner as to give the railroads an
immediate increase of $600,000 and a
future increase proportionate to the
increase of postal traffic, but the rail
roads say the increase should be about
$30,000,000 a year. Justice surely lies
somewhere between the two extremes.
Neither the Postmaster-General nor
Congress is competent to decide what
are fair rates for carrying the mails,
for they represent one party to a bar
gain, and therefore should not be per
mitted to force their terms on the
other party, which is the railroads.
The-whole matter should be left to an
Impartial tribunal. Rates of pay for
carrying mail should be adjusted by
the Interstate Commerce Commission,
Just as are rates for carrying other
traffic. The Government should not
permit itself to "cinch" the railroads,
nor should the railroads be permitted
to "cinch" the Government.
ECONOMY IN ARMY RESERVE.
A large part of the opposition to the
proposed increase of our available
military force is due to a misappre
hension. When the General Staff pro
poses that the United States provide a
trained force of 500,000 men supple
mented by' from 100,000 to 200,000
volunteers, the conclusion is drawn
that it proposes a standing army of
500,000 men, and immediately an out
cry is raised that this would be mili
tarism after the European pattern,
that it would compel large numbers of
young men to waste several years in
military training and that it would
impose an intolerable financial burden
on the people.
Senator Weeks, of Massachusetts, in
a recent speech showed that no such
plan is entertained and that no such
consequences would ensue. He pro
poses that the term, of enlistment be
reduced from two to three years for
the active army, but-that it include
six years' service in the reserve; in
fact he would use the regular army as
a training school. In this manner, a
large supply of trained soldiers could
be provided at a relatively small, if
any, increase of cost. A soldier in the
regular army costs about $600 a year.
Mr. Weeks estimates that we could
maintain a reserve soldier at 36 to
$40 a year. Thus we could maintain
eight reserve men at the cost of one
regular. By reducing by one-third the
term in the regular army, we should
be able to maintain a reserve army of
several times the size of the regular
army at the same cost. Mr. Weeks
showed that an active army of 100,000
men and a reserve of 200,000 men can
be kept for less money than an active
army of 125,000 men with no reserve.
The first army would have an effective
fighting strength of 150.000traJ.ned
men, 50,000 of less than one year's
service and behind it 100,000 men suf
ficient to keep it at fighting strength
in a six months' campaign. The sec
ond army would have only 62,500
trained men, 62,500 of less than one
year's service and about 60,000 un
trained recrulfs, a total of 175,000,
which in six months would be reduced
Our present system is wasteful in
several ways. The annual pay of the
officers of a regiment is $110,400. In
order that the nation may get full
value for this money, it is necessary
that the officers be worked to their
full capacity. They can handle in war
2500 to 3000 men. Mr. Weeks showed
that, unless we provide trained men
to fill up gaps in the ranks, the
strength of a regiment would shrink in
six months' fighting to 1500 men. Regi
ments dropped to 300 men in the Civil
War, and we had no means of getting
additional men except by raising addi
tional regiments, composed of un
trained men. Officers can handle only
half as many such men as of trained
men. Thus at every point we waste
money spent on officers by having no
We waste, in another way, by re
lying on green volunteers, under in
experienced officers, as a reserve for
the active army. Such troops lose 22
to 28 per cent of their strength in the
concentration camps before ever going
into a campaign and in six months'
fighting will have lost-40 per cent and
will be reduced from, say, 800 to 360
men. In this manner our boys are
slaughtered by- disease through their
ignorance of the proper way to take
care of themselves, as we learned dur
ing the Spanish War.
If our army is not equal or superior
in strength, training and equipment to
that of a possible enemy, it Is fore
doomed to defeat and all the money
and labor spent upon it are wasted.
Unless it is adequate to accomplish its
purpose, it might as well not exist at
all, for Ineffective resistance serves
only to enrage the enemy and to pro
voke him to reprisals. That is the ex
perience of Belgium.
Vizetelly's new book on "The De
velopment of the English Dictionary"
(Funk & Wagnalls) gives proper cred
it to the great lexicographers on both
sides of the water. It has a good pic
ture of Dr. Samuel Johnson and an
other of Noah Webster. Nor does it
forget Joseph Worcester, who, as some
think, made a betted dictionary than
There is talk in New Tork of
lengthening the school year from 180
to 200 days. The school property of
that city will then stand idle only one
third of the year. But, as the Chris
tian Science Monitor remarks, that is
too much. Schoolhouses in New York
and everywhere else aren't to be used
all the time.
New Orleans is one of the few cities
that will have their usual grand opera
this Winter, but it will be in Italian.
The natural preferences of New Or
leans are French, but the choice just
now is between Italian music or none
at all, and Puccini and Mascagnl super
sede for the present Offenbach and
It takes a great deal sometimes to
kill a man. Joseph CJuerin, of Daven
port, Wash, stood for an hour In five
feet of ice water a day or two ago. It
chilled him, but he survived, though
he was a human icicle when he was
helped out. On the other hand, a pin
prick is sometimes fatal. It all de
pends. Oklahoma is a state of tenant
farmers. The older claimholders have
"made their pile," moved to town and
are living on rents. .The tenants are
a hard-driven, discontented race total,
ly unlike the typical American farmer
of politics and literature. The change
is not pleasant to contemplate.
The "New Republic" opines that
modern printers use too many com
mas. It says they are pock marks
symptomatic' of an inner thought mal
ady, towlt. "over-niceness which can
say nothing without sidestepping and
ends by saying nothing." Rather a
good hit-off, to our notion.
From all the world over reports are
unvarying that closing bars diminishes
crime. This has been remarkably the
case In Russia. In England the sale
of liquor is only restricted by early
closing, but even that partial measure
has caused "an enormous decrease in
crimes of violence."
If men must board a moving car let
them negotiate the rear platform or
pass it up. If thrown it may mean a
fractured skull, which is more merci
ful to the victim than amputation of
an extremity. But who heeds advice?
Mrs. FItzslmmons says the pugilist
kicked her In the shins. Why didn't
he hit her "In the slats," as she com
manded, In the memorable battle?
If you did your part toward making
others comfortable and happy you are
entitled to enjoy a real merry Christ
mas and a happy New Year.
The Kaiser hardly could have ex
pected Great Britain to agree on ex
change of prisoners at the rate of five
to one. That is his joke.
After a brief layoff the Petrograd
press agent is back on the Job and
the Russians are winning all along
Now watch some enterprising Gen
eral plan an attack for a Christmas
This is the land of the Christmas
tree, anyway. The woods are full of
Let the. East have its white Christ
mas. We are quite content with our
green and gold one.
, The city woodpile may be a handy
source of relief before Winter is over.
Give the postoffice people credit for
doing good work the past week.
The Germans give the British a
fresh scare every day. .
Well, did Santa prove a. prodigal old
chap at your house?
If yours Is not a Merry Christmas,
where is. the fault?
However, Christmas is but a mock
ery in the trenches.
There will be one Joyous week In
The Arizona flood was a "wet" cele
bration. Sort out the duplicates and be
Only a few more days to write it
But look out for tomorrow's reac
tion. Christmas is the postman's labor
More like a day in May.
Stars and Starmakers
BY LEONE CASS BAEB.
Now that Russia, Turkey and France
have officially put their feet down on
a Christmas tree, it behooves Germany
and England to show the beauties of
the fraternal spirit by entering into
some little Christmas alliance of their
e e e
"Where, oh, where, is the cave man?"
wails a poetess. Extinguished is the
cave man. through chronic onslaughts
of the shave man.
This same poetess has written a "Lay
of the Cave Man." Why not a lay of
of the cave woman? Might call It
"Swat Me Again. Sweetheart," or "Biff
Me Some More, Dearie."
At least one of the British soldiery Is
laboring under a delusion, according to
a letter Just received from Kathleen
Clifford, who is in London.
It seems that one of the schemes of
relief indulged in by the Queen and the
ladies of her court is the donation of
tobacco to the troops. The last consign
ment was marked, "From Mary R. (Re
gent) and the Ladles of the Empire."
"I don't know Mary R," remarked
one raw recruit, "but I think it's jolly
kind of those chorus girls at the Em
' Instead of giving a Cnristmas mat
inee today at the Standard Theater,
where she Is. playing in New York, May
Irwin will celebrate the occasion by
posing as Santa Claus in the theater
lobby, dispensing gifts to poor little
girls and boys. She purchased over a
thousand dolls and toys, and says that
no little applicant will require an O. K.
from any charitable organization. In
passing it might be mentioned that
jolly May Irwin is physically a perfect
Santa Claus. She'll need only a cos
tume. , j
"Seven Thousand Servians Lured to
Destruction by Ducks," reads a. head
line. Thousands of American men are
daily lured to destruction by Chickens.
Charles Klein returns to London this
week. He is keeping his house in that
city open chiefly in order to give his
servants a home in these trying times.
A poetic love letter to a woman from
an actor has no effect upon the victory
of her separation suit. Actors are mucn
too Imaginative to 'constitute even cir
Now it develops that Evelyn Nesbit
Thaw "has a singing voice." Whether
she can sing Is of course another mat
ter. She is appearing a? the New York
Colonial in vaudeville and the critics
say that her one song, " 'Tipperary,' was
made most acceptable because of her
clear sweet voice and spirited delivery."
Besides this she and Jack Clifford have
their dancing act. Evelyn is a recog
nized headliner. .
Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson gives
a Christmas matinee today at the Cort
Theater in San Francisco for the bene
fit of the Dollar Christmas Fund for
Homeless Belgians. The entire pro
ceeds of the matinee will be devoted
to this 'fund. Forbes-Robertson and
his company will donate their perform
ance, John Cort the theater and Je
rome J. Jerome the royalties on his
play, "Passing of the Third Floor
Back," which will be acted on this oc
casion. Sir Forbes-Robertson is mak
ing his farewell appearance. ' His en
gagement at the Cort is for three
weeks. He opens in Portland at the
Hellig on January 18 for four nights
and a matinee, in repertoire of "Ham
let," "The Light That Failed" and
"Passing of the Third Floor Back."
Sir Forbes-Robertson will be 62 years
old next month.
Folk who used to know Oza Wald
rop when she was a Baker Player here
can see a good picture of that at
tractive and elusive young actress in
the current issue of the Dramatic Mir
ror, Oza is playing in the Eastern
Company of "A Pair of Sixes."
Hugh Dlllman has been added to the
cast of the Shubert production "In the
Marjorle Ramjicau, who is playing
her first New York engagement in the
principal part of "So Much for So
Much," at the Longacre Theater, has
signed a contract to appear under the
management of H. H. Frazee for the
next two years. Following the run
of "So Much- for So Much" In New York
and other cities. Miss Rambeau will be
featured In the title part of "Miracle
Mary," a new play by her husband,
v e e e
Jules Eckert Goodman's play, "The
Silent Voice," founded on a novelette
by Gouvernor Morris, goes onto the
boards at the Liberty Theater in New
York on December 29, with Otis Skin
ner as the star.
E. Ii Southern and his wife. Julia
Marlowe, have purchased an old man
sion in Georgetown, the elite residence
part of the National capital, and are
entertaining Washington society -and
being entertained. According to re
ports, neither intends to act again pro
fessionally. Another well-known play
er who has made Washington his home
is R. D. MacLean, who, with his wife,
Odette Tyler, has long been recog
lzed as a permanent fixture of the best
circles of the capital city.
a e e
While Victor Herbert, the composer,
Is grinding out melodies, his son is pro
ducing a somewhat less musical output
in the Ford motor car factory
In other words, Mr. Herbert's son
is not following in the footsteps of his
distinguished father, but has gone in
for the uplift of the motor Industry.
Mr. Herbert sent bis offspring to Cor
nell University, where he was allowed
every reasonable comfort and luxury,
and whence he graduated in mechan
ical engineering with honors. Imme
diately upon his return from Ithaca,
the father looked sternly at the young
man and said merely, "Now hustle."
The youth forthwith packed his bags
and started for Detroit.. There he is
making progress in the Ford works,
and his father points proudly to the
fact that on a smaller revenue he is
saving far "more money than he ever
did out of his liberal allowance at
Charles Frohman has placed Madge
Titheradge In the role of "Peter Pan,"
which he will produce at his Duke of
York's Theater, London, next week.
Miss Titheradge succeeds Pauline
Chase ao "Peter Pan." Miss Chase,
who was married a short time ago,
has retired from the stage.
Christmas in the Trenches
By Deu Collins.
Softly the seraphs sang their song of
And as the red and angry East was
heralding the morn.
On the day that mortals honor as the
day that He was born.
Full silently the Prince of Peace walked
forth across the snow.
Wearily the Prince went forth, and low
his head was bent;
And frozen tears like diamonds hung
and glittered on his beard;
And he went beside the trenches
where the sullen cannon leered;
And his wounded feet left bloodstains
on the snow crust as he went.
Long and dark across the land the
trenches cleft the snow.
And. drunk with weariness the men
lay sleeping by their arms.
E'en in sleep attentive for awakening
But no one saw the Prince of Peace
along the trenches go.
Faint and far the seraphs' song fell
from the starry skies;
"Peace on earth, good will to men!"
And in the trenches deep.
The Prince beheld the fighting men
uneasy In their sleep.
And their breath rose on the frosty air
as dead men's souls arise.
And frozen tears like diamonds hung
and glittered on His beard.
And the Prince of Peace smiled ten
derly upon them as they lay
Like foolish children that have quar
reled and blundered in their play.
As he walked beside the trenches, where
the sullen cannon leered.
"Forgive them, O my Father, for they
know not what they do!"
The Prince of Peace is praying o'er
the sleepers in the morn.
"I still must wear the bloody crown
a bayonet each thorn;
They tear my old wounds open, and the
blood springs forth anew!"
Sweetly still the voices of the singing
But the sleepers in the trenches did
not hear them as they lay.
And the Prince of Peace passed by
them in the dawn of Christmas
But they wist not of the bloodstains on
the snow crust where he went.
THE CRY OP THE CRUSHED.
. In the twinkling of an eye
Thou canst change our grief to Joy;
From the miry depths of want
Thou canst lift us; thou canst plant
Weary feet on solid ground.
Lord, thy praises shall resound
From our lips if thou wilt hear
Lift these burdens hard to bear!
All the wealth of worlds !s thine
(Empty coffers, hands, are mine!)
Cattle on a thousand hills;
Golden grain thy storehouse fills:
Air and earth and water give
Food that man and beast may live.
Yet, O Lord, these many years
We have had but crusts and tears!
Beautiful, this world of thine;
(Sordid poverty is mine!)
Beautiful beyond compare
Thy creation everywhere.
Only man, whose selfish greed
Recks not of his brother's need.
Fills with violence the earth;
Crushes out its Joy and mirth.
Youth and age on every side
Famish for the good denied.
What thou didst design for all.
Some here snatched, like beasts that
From their dens at dead of night.
Seizing everything in sight
Orphans' cries and widows' prayers
Furnish music for their lairs.
Hear our supplication. Lord!
Thou hast promised in thy word
Ne'er to turn indifferent ear
When thy little ones draw near.
Now, in direst need, we call;
Give us help lest worse befall.
Stretch thine hand and set us free
From our bonds and misery!
Marie Craig Le GalU
Oh let not Winter's life-congealing
Invade scant Penury's defenseless
Nor, while the mansion Yuletlde pleas
The gift-cheered guest to want his
If heaven to such and thee has been
Some rich endowed, and o'er-abun-dant
May this glad season thee and them
From God thy talent and' its increase
This Christ-time may we privilege but
To succor need, to garment the Ill
clad, The empty larder fill: And this esteem
Our holiest Joy-to make the wretch
Your embers dulled make glow to
The 'laded tree build "high in gilded
To feast and gifts blest matron, chil
And beauteous pendant mistletoe o'er
But it ehn.ll render gift and feast more
Impart sweet flavor of a deep de
light. To know the hungry fed. the naked
And aiding these the'trlbute of your
JOHN WILLIAM DANIELS.
NIGHT OF" THE5 STAR.
Night of the star! Night of the star!
Nizht when the angel cnoir.
Sang where the shepherds watched
By smold'ring midnight fire.
Night when two lowly travelers stopped
At Bethlehem's crowded inn;
And shelter found in cattle cave.
Apart from crowd and din.
Night of the ages! holy nightl
That brought a baby's cry.
Pleading for life in human garb.
That God for man might die.
First Christmas night of long ago.
Night to our memories dear.
Children and old alike, we keep
Thee dearest of the year.
SARAH A. BEAVEN.
Have you done your duty this Christ
As the call for, help comes from far
To us who are peaceful, with plenty in
The call of - distress comes as never
For Europe, once prosperous, now Is
And her widows and orphans call for
And here In our home town, there's
many a man
Who's deserving of help; you should
do all you can.
Go out on the byways, you'll find some
And your heart will be lighter for
some kindly deed;
Get away from yourself, try what good
you can do;
Do your duty and Christmas will mean
more to you.
Half a Century Ago
Prom The Oregonlan, December 24, 1S64.
Sunday school and gift books from
the American Tract Society and the Mas
sachusetts Sunday , School Society are
offered for sale at Hurgren & Shind
ler's. First street, near Alder. Rev. G.
H. Atkinson, 'secretary and treasurer
of the Oregon Tract Society, has called
the attention of our readers to the
books at the depositary.
Dr. J. G. Glenn can now be found at
his office in Portland with a full as
sortment of dental materials and
equipped to perform all operations in
A. B. Woodward Sc. Co.! photograph
gallery proprietors. Front and Morrison
streets, have announced they are now
equipped to take superior carte de
visite and plain photographs from
locket to life size. A. B. Wqodward,
the artist, will also do oil and India
The Oregon Intelligencer, the Demo
cratic sheet, has expired and the vale
dictory of W. G. T'Vault, the late editor,
appears in the Sentinel. P. J. Malone.
it appears, will take the mechanical
equipment and start a. new copperhead
paper, to be known as the Oregon Re
porter. James St. Clair and Miss Betsy Nor
ton, both of Portland, were married by
Rev. D. Rutledge, December 22.
By the arrival of the steamer John
H. Couch we learn of the death of
James Birney, of Cathlamet. Mr. Bir
ney had been identified with the Inter
ests of the Columbia River for more
than 40 years. He came to this section
with Governor Douglas, late of British
Columbia, after Mr. Astor's transfer of
his interest in the Northwest Fur Com.
The office of Vlce-Admlral has been
created in the United States Navy and
the appointment of Rear-Admiral Far
ragut has been made to the Senate by
the President and immediately con
firmed. General Lee is reported to have been
wounded before Petersburg. It is not
believed the wound is serious.
The London Times remarks that Sher
man's march equals that of Marlbor
ough in Germany leading to the battle
of Blenheim, and adds it is the most
brilliant effort of modern times. Lon
don has not heard the outcome, but
adds that success will raise him to the
pinnacle of highest rank, or ruin will
be the recompense for defeat.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
Prom The Oreronlan, December 'J5, 1S89.
New York Nellie Ely, the newspaper
woman making a trip against time
around the world, arrived at Hongkong
Patti, the sweet songstress, has told
a San Francisco Examiner reporter why
she bleached her hair to red. She also
explained that black hair could not be
dyed red it has to be bleached. The
reason, she explained, was that the
Parisian fad and demand was for a
blonde Juliet, and that, while Juliet
was not a blonde, she compromised on &
red-head Juliet to please the Parisians.
Pattl did not explain why she left her
Attorney C. M. Iclleman has just vis
ited his partner, W. Carey Johnson, at
his home in Oregon City and found him
to be a very sick man. iir. Johnson
has suffered a nervous breakdown, and
his recovery even now is doubtful.
John Holman and E. Bingham re
turned yesterday from a hunting trip,
part of which was on Hauvie's island,
where they killed 73 ducks and a goose.
Dr. Harry Ciarfield, of La Grande, son
of Seluclus Garfield, formerly a. dele
gate to Washington, has fallen heir to
$20,000 at Port Townsend.
Judp-e Green and A. Hnrbauffh left .
Saturday for Green's Lake and re
turned yesterday with 101 ducks, among
which were 78 canvasbacks.
The Spokane Falls Chronicle says
that George W.-Curtis, the well-known
political mugwump, has for nearly 30
years been getting $25,000 per annum
from Harper & Brothers as their liter
ary and political adviser.
Another bridge will be erected at the
foot of Madison street to connect with
the Hawthorne motor line on the East
Side. Superintendent George Brown ha
let contracts for the necessary piling in
the Willamette River at the place men
tioned. The bridge from wharf line to
wharf line will be 1654 feet, this be
ing the widest place of the river along
the city front.
Ahere Did Name Oregon Originate f
SALEM, Or., Dec. 2.T. (To the Ed
itor.) The story of Captain Pope. In
The Oregonian, concerning the deriva
tion of the name "Oregon" can scarcely
bear investigation. Jonathan Carver, in
his explorations, was not within 500
miles of the Rocky Mountains, much
less down the Snake and Columbia
rivers. So, the premitse being gone, the
tale must go with it.
Some day we may find , out a true
explanation "of whence this beautiful
name was derived, but thus far nono
has been brought forward which takes
the question beyond the realms of
speculation pure and simple.
J. C. MOREL AND.
My neighbors moved away today.
From the little housa under the hill;
And my world is strangely dull and
With the place so barren and still.
They've been my neighbors so very
That I never dreamed they would go.
But now I miss the snatches of song
And the hurrying to and fro.
And I wish I had drawn nearer
To the hearts of them while they
And had seen with a vision clearer
That neighbors were meant to cheer.
I wish I had oftener spoken
And oftener waved my hand,
Ere the fragile bowl was broken.
Filled with afterwhiles I planned.
But my neighbors moved away today.
From the little house under the hill:
And my world is strangely dull and
With the place so barren and stilL
"Summer moved away today.
From valley, meadow and bill:
And Winter soon will have its wa.y
And cold winds have their wllL
Fair Summer has been with us so long
That I scarcely dreamed she would
But now I miss the snatches of song.
And the bees and the tall, green
And I wish I had drawn nearer
To the heart of her while she was
And had seen with a vision clearer
That Summer was meant to cheer.
I wish I had known the full measure
Of joys this Summer held for me.
But broken now her cup pf pleasure.
Nor filled again can ever be.
Yes, Summer moved away today.
From valley, meadow and hill;
And Winter soon will have its way.
And cold winds have their will.
Mary H. Forco, Hillsdale, Or.