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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 22, 1914)
TIIE MORNING- OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, "DECEMBER 22, 1914.
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PORTLAND, TUESDAY. DEC. 2, 1914.
WILSON'S POWER FJUUXG.
President "Wilson is no longer om
nipotent In his party. His influence
no longer preserves unity in hia Cabi
net, no longer insures party unanim
ity in CongTess on measures which
figure in his programme, no longer
procures confirmation of his appoint
ments without protest. The recent
Congressional election has shown that
his talisman has lost power. The
rumblings of discontent at prolonged
business depression show that the
foundations of his popularity have
been sapped. The people, hungry or
eating up their savings while doing a
diminished business at a loss, revolt
against his diet of mellifluous phrases.
The Senate has been the first to
revolt openly against Presidential
domination. Always more independ
ent than the House, it materially
changed the currency bill, and added
a clause to the Canal tolls bill reserv
ing the rights of the United States,
which was much to Mr. Wilson's dis
taste. There was a decided break in
the party ranks in the Senate on the
latter bill, the most determined op
ponent of which was Senator O'Gor
man, a Democrat. The severest critic
of the anti-trust bills was Senator
Reed, also a Democrat. On the Canal
tolls his party split in the House also
and his former rival, Speaker Clark,
delivered a speech which spared him
So long as the legend of the Presi
dent's invincibility and popularity
survived, the breach within the ranks
was not serious enough to impair his
dominance over Congress. He was
able to keep that body in practically
continuous session for eighteen
months and to procure the passage
of laws which he selected. But the
reduction of the Democratic majority
in Congress to dimensions which re
quire strict discipline, regular attend
ance and complete harmony in order
to retain control of legislation dis
pelled the illusion. Congress saw no
reward for its blind following of him
or for its' unwontedly arduous labor.
It found that he was not such a win
ner after all.
The revolt is now open and undis
guised Not realizing how greatly his
influence was weakened, the Presi
dent sent to the Senate the nomina
tion of John D. Lynn, of Rochester,
for United States attorney for the
western district of New York,
on recommendation of Secretary of
the Treasury McAdoo and Assistant
Secretary Franklin D. Roosevelt, of
the Navy, disregarding Senator O'Gor
man's recommendation of Thomas B.
Boyd, of Buffalo, which is backed by
Representatives Smith and Driscoll.
Mr. O'Gorman induced the Judiciary
committee to report adversely on the
nomination without a dissenting voice,
and the same day the Senate refused
unanimously to confirm it. Senator
Martine is opposing the nomination
of an internal revenue collector in
New Jersey, and Senator Reed opposes
that of a marshal in Missouri; with
good prospects of like results. Sena
torial prerogative is at stake and in
such a case party is forgotten.
The revolt also extends to legisla
tion which is on the President's pro
gramme. The safety at sea conven
tion was not ratified until it had been
amended in such a manner as to ren
der it nugatory, in the opinion of
State Department officials. There is
open opposition among Democrats in
both Senate and House to the Gov
ernment ship-purchase bill, which
holds first place on the President's
programme, and Representative Goeke
promises to offer a subsidy bill. Rep
resentative Bulkley threatens to tell
tfome plain truths about the influences
which are trying to kill the rural
credit bill. Both these Democrats fell
outside the breastworks last Novem
ber and have nothing to lose by break
ing with their party leader. They
have many sorrowful companions.
The rift in the party extends into
the Cabinet. The President's friends,
recognizing that, his popularity was
waning, have sought the cause. Many
of them have found It in Secretary of
State Bryan, who cheapened his office
by his Chautauqua exploits, who has
shamed the country by the fatuous
Mexican policy, the humiliating Co
lombian treaty, the ineffective peace
treaties and the Santo Domingo
scandal. Mr. Bryan's hold on the
party has perceptibly weakened, not
only in the East, but in the West,
where he was formerly strongest. He
and his faithful admirer, Secretary
Daniels, are held to be the twin mill
stones tied around the President's
neck. Secretary Garrison has such
sanely practical ideas on peace and
National defense that rumors are
spreading of clashes between him and
the two angels of peace, whose cause
is taken up by the President. Mr.
Garrison's return to private life would
be no surprise, though Mr. Wilson has
'been given many hints that he would
better throw Mr. Bryan and Mr. Dan
The President's control over the
shaping of lelgslation is declared by
close observers to have been more
apparent than real.. He simply insist
ed that there must be legislation on
a certain subject in a certain general
direction, but the bill was given shape
by the forces contending around him
as a figurehead. When these bills
failed to produce the expected effects,
the President was the most surprised
Many 'things which are being said
and done tend to the conclusion that
belief in Mr. Wilson's infallibility has
given place to a sceptical, critical at
titude. He has ceased r to be his
party's idol and begins to be used as
its goat. The second half of his term
bids fair to be as full of discord as
was the second half of Cleveland's
second term and of Taft's term. If at
the end of that time he should b
renominated, the reason may be that
no other man considers the nomina
tion worth having.
HIT II A MtKDEKEB'B MONEY.
Through the liberal use of money
corruptly applied, Harry Thaw, the
insane murderer, escaped from the
Matteawan asylum, on August 17.
1913. By the aid of swift automobiles
he contrived to cross the international
boundary into Canada. There he was
caught and detained by the authori
ties, and was later ordered deported
to the United States on the ground
hat he was a criminal and a fugitive
from Justice. He was landed on the
American side, and after another sen'
sational effort at escape, he was ar
rested and placed in a New Hamp
Then followed a determined effort
by the New York authorities to re
claim Thaw. The cheeky and false
contention was made that he was not
a fugitive from justice and that he
had a right to .leave the custody of
the asylum authorities, if he could
get away. Strange to say, this sur
prising pretense of Thaw's well-paid
attorneys was sustained by the Fed
eral Court of New Hampshire.
Now the Supreme Court of the
United States reverses the New Hamp
shire Judge, and remands Thaw to the
New York officials. Thaw is held to
be a fugitive, and the organized
plan to open outward the Matteawan
doors for him is said to be an unlaw
Harry Thaw murdered Stanford
White in 1906 and the effort to defeat
justice for the slayer did not end with
his consignment to an asylum for the
criminal insane, but has been an un
ending scandal, involving courts, law
yers, detectives and a multitude of
seedy parasites eager for the Thaw
money. The struggle of Thaw for un
deserved freedom is based on money.
If he shall ultimately be released he
will have proved that any murderer
may triumph in the end over Justice,
if he is rich enough, and if he is
meanwhile not hanged.
NOT AN AMERICAN TARIFF.
The tariff should be neither a local
issue, nor a political issue; but in
practice it is both. A Democrat who
presided over the meeting of the State
Dairymen's Association at Chehall3
the other day vigorously arraigned the
Underwood tariff for its disastrous
effects upon the dairy industry in the
Pacific Northwest. It has all but im
poverished the producer, and it has
given no commensurate benefit to the
consumer. The convention took the
unusual course of adopting a resolu
tion denouncing the tariff. It was
supported by practically the entire
body of dairymen, Democrats as well
During the late campaign the Dem
ocratic press chose to regard the agi
tation over the importation of Chinese
eggs as a joke, and the complaints of
the dairymen that the low tariff on
butter was ruinous to them as un
worthy of attention.
But empty pockets are not a proper
subject of humor, nor demoralized
markets, nor unemployed labor, nor
Idle mills, nor abandoned logging
camps. A tariff which discriminates
against the agriculturist everywhere,
and against all the products of the
West besides, is a tremendous reality.
The tariff which produces so little
revenue that a. deficiency tax falsely
called a war tax must be levied is no
tariff for any American.
HOW WE "AVOIDED" WAR.
The Oregonian accuses President Wilson
of "instituting a ruinous policy of interna
tional meddling by setting out to eliminate
Huerta." What, may we ask, did President
Wilson do- other than refuse to recognize
Uuerta as president? Salem Capital Journal.
The Oregonian doubts If the ques
tion is asked in good faith. It has
no Idea that any clear and Impartial
review of the facts about Mexico will
affect the indurated partisanship of
this petty-minded Salem paper. But
it will recall a fact or two that will
show that the mere act of refusing
to recognize Huerta is not the only
definite diplomatic blunder of the
President Wilson sent John LInd to
Mexico as a special envoy to displace
Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson.
Through John Lind the President
made the definite demand that
Huerta should not be a candidate
for President at the approaching Mex
ican elections.---through William Bay
ard Hale the President entered into
negotiations with the rebels Carranza
and Villa. The exportation of arms
from the United States to Huerta was
sought to be prevented, but ' to the
rebels was permitted. - A definite
squeezing-out programme against
Huerta was inaugurated. Various
demands upon him were made. A
programme of support for his enemies
was formulated and carried out. Fi
nally, the Administration went to
war with Huerta not with Mexico
but with Huerta. It was stopped by
the ABC intervention. But Huerta
finally fled, a year or more after the
first unloaded "ultimatum" from the
We have "avoided" war, of course.
"Avoided" Is the right word. Any
coward may avoid a fight, if he can
READY TO SIDESTEP.
Today the proposed prohibition
amendment to the Federal Constitu
tion will be taken up for consideration
in the House, and it is expected that
the resolution will have been either
defeated or adopted before adjourn
ment for Christmas day. Immediately
after the disposition of the prohibition
issue the woman suffrage amendment
will be considered.
Predictions are not favorable to the
adoption of either resolution. Secre
tary of State Bryan has put a soft
pedal on the resolutions that may
help some of the wavering to favor
prohibition and woman suffrage os
tensibly without aiding in the enact
ment of either. But Chairman Henry
of the judiciary committee has erect
ed the cover behind which it is prob
able many Democratic members will
Mr. Bryan assures us that If a mem
ber of the House he would vote for
the resolution,- bWing a believer In
both prohibition and woman suffrage.
But he believes, presentation of both
resolutions is now inopportune. A
two-thirds vote of the two houses is
required for submission of the amend
ments and they must thereafter be
ratified by the Legislatures of three
fourths of the states. Mr. Bryan sees
no hope for state ratification and
fears that "a National contest for
either amendment would simply di
vert attention from other Issues upon
which the people are ready to act,
without advancing the cause of wom
an's suffrage or the prohibition move
ment." Thus is offered a plausible
excuse to vote against the amend
ments to those who are uneasy about
the desires of their constituents and
yet are not so obedient to the dictates
of conscience as is Mr. Bryan.
Chairman Henry, being a Texas
Democrat, discovers the more impos
ing obstacle at least more imposing
to Democrats of the state rights
doctrine. "If there are any two ques
tions," says Mr. Henry, "belonging
exclusively to the jurisdiction of the
states, they pertain to liquor and
It is not to be doubted that in the
eight-hour debate on the prohibition
amendment and in the six-hour de
bate on woman's suffrage the harp
strings of sympathy will be struck for
the twelve states which might have
unwelcome policies cruelly forced
upon them by the other thirty-six
states. And trudy indignant protests
would be heard from certain states
that failed to ratify the proposed
amendments if they were overruled.
Yet in practically every state that
adopts prohibition on Its own initia
tive some locality voices a like pro
test. Just now Western Washington
is angered by the dry vote of Eastern
Washington, which has put the liquor
traffic out of business in Western
Washington, where the liquor traffic
was wanted by the majority.
There is no difference in principle
between the two cases. Talk of inva
sion of state sovereignty is a conven
ient excuse. We should like to see the
members vote their convictions on pro
hibition and woman suffrage.
" , JOSEPH SMITH.
Joseph Smith the second,, who died
the other day, was the commonplace
son of a remarkable father. The first
Joseph Smith founded the Mormon
Church, asserting that he had re
ceived a revelation from on high.
Whether he wrote the. famous Book
of Mormon or not and how he came
by it if he did not write it himself are
questions involved in mystery. But
the possession of this obscure and
mystical work gave him great power
over certain persons and enabled him
to establish a new religion in the
Driven from pillar to post, the Mor
mons finally settled at Nauvoo, 111.,
where they were no more welcome to
the old , inhabitants than they had
been elsewhere. In some of the en
suing troubles Smith was arrested and
a number of zealous opponents dem
onstrated the excellence of their Chris
tianity by shooting him in jail. When
the younger Joseph's mother hea,rd of
the affair she dedicated her son to
the work from which his father had
been cut off. But the young man's
star was not in the ascendant. The
great genius of the Mormon Church at
that time was Brigham Young, a man
whose consummate executive and eco
nomic ability has not been adequately
recognized by historians..
Smith differed with Brigham Young
on some points of doctrine connected
with polygamy and the new church
consequently suffered a schism. Those
who agreed with Young followed him
on his marvelous migration to Utah.
Joseph Smith and his much smaller
flock took up their abode in Missouri,
at Independence, where they . have
prospered moderately. ' They number
some 50,000 members today, while the
Brigham Young branch has Increased
to perhaps 400,000 and is growing vig
orously even where it is bitterly op
posed by other denominations.
The great strength of the Mormon
church lies in its economic practices
It has adopted thoroughgolngly the
principle of central aid to the indi
vidual and full co-operation. The
community stands by its members in
their business operations and expects
unstinted support from . them in re
turn. The suspicion of polygamous
practices has prevented the Mormon
economic theories from developing
their full power to solve social prob
lems, but, handicapped as they have
been, they have done wonders.
E. M. STANTON.
Edwin M. "Stanton's centenary
should not be allowed to pass without-
some honorable mention of that
able and upright man. He was born
at oieuDenvuie, u.. uecemDer i, lsn.l
and educated at Kenyon College, onef
of the oldest institutions in the state.
His National career began when Bu
chanan appointed him Attorney-General
of the United States. The two
men formally agreed In politics, both
being Democrats, at least in name, but
there could have been little similarity
between their sentiments on public
affairs. The weak and amiable Bu
chanan sought to end our civil dissen
sions by concession and inaction.
As Lincoln's Secretary of War, Stan
ton was one of the most vigorously
active men of his time and few have
ever shown more decision of charac
ter in emergencies. Buchanan slipped
into that condition of paralysis which
is so enchanting to men of his tem
perament by resolutely clinging to an
absurd theory of secession. On the
one hand, he claimed, the Southern
states had no right under the Constl-
tion to secede. On the. other hand.
the Federal Government had no au
thority to prevent them. Nothing
could have been more satisfactory to
the seceding oligarchs. Buchanan
watched them depart with much se
renity of soul, since he had proved
that nothing could be done by the
loveliest kind of a syllogism.
When Lincoln and Stanton took hold
of affairs there was less formal logic
and more energy in the conduct of the
Government. Stanton as Secretary of
War gave the President Invaluable
support. Johnson retained him in
office after Lincoln was assassinated,
but it would have been better for both
men if Stanton had retired, though
perhaps worse for the country. They
differed flatly on the great question
of reconstruction, Johnson wishing to
turn everything over to the old oli
garchy, Stanton standing for more
prudent methods. Johnson's effort to
oust his Secretary of War brought
him into conflict with Congress and
led to his Impeachment. Grant ap
pointed Stanton to a seat on the Su
preme bench In 1869, but he died be
fore entering upon his duties.
M. Brleux, the dramatist, who has
been visiting the United States this
Fall, makes no secret of his rebellion
against paternal authority. "Fathers,"
he says in a sort of farewell address
to America, "are the worst of despots.
They may think of themselves as
honest men, but they are sadly de
luded. In reality they are criminals
for abusing their power over their
unfortunate offspring. They demon
strate their tyranny most often by
forcing their daughters to marry un
suitable husbands and their sons to
follow hateful professions. Every
father wants to see an image of him
self in his son. ' Hence he compels the
miserable urchin to study law or the
ology when nature meant him to be a
blacksmith. Thus the world is kept
perpetually awry and human happi
ness is blighted." i
We have not given Brleux exact
words here, but our paraphrase is
faithful to his spirit. Bernard Shaw
delivers himself to the same purport
In the introduction to "Misalliance,"
one of his late plays. He declares the
usual father to be a detestable tyrant
and the ordinary home little better
than a moral sty as well as a hopeloss
dungeon for the wretched children.
M. Brieux must have been thinking
of French homes when he uttered his
protest against despotism. There is
no doubt plenty of tyranny at our
American firesides, but it Is not the
father who exercises it. With us he
is an unresisting victim over whom the
children, In an unholy alliance with
mother, ride rough-shod. The fath
er's function is to keep the exchequer
replenished. As long as he does thai:
he is tolerated at the fireside and the
dinner table, but it is distinctly under
stood that he has nothing to say about
the marriages of his daughters or the
careers of his sons.
We do not see how- emancipation
could' go a great deal farther than it
has In the American family. If an
archy in that sacred domain is a sign
of advanced evolution we must be at
the head of the world.
The Corvallls students have issued a
decorated holiday number of their
"Barometer." It contains, among
other good matter, an account of the
college's extension work, which now
reaches 300,000 people in Oregon. At
the various institutes and so forth
140,54 3 persons have been present this
The notorious Thaw completes the
cycle of his circumgyrations by falling
into the hands of New York -again.
This murderer's evasions of justice are
a scandal to the country. If he had
been a penniless miscreant he would
have suffered the law's extreme pen
alty long ago.
It was not Jupiter but Orion whose
occultatlon inspired Longfellow's
muse, but the principle is the same.
This is as good a time as any to re
new acquaintance with a pretty poem
and learn the whys of a beautiful ce
The Argentine national university at
Buenos Aires has 5000 Students. In
ternational law Is the foremost study
at this great institution. - Some of its
graduates, like Dr. Luis M. Drago,
have a world-wide renown as inter
It is not enough that you should
drop a coin "absent-mindedly into the
coffers of charity. Rather you
should take a personal and active in
terest in making the world a little
brighter for someone who is in dis
According to a British official, the
recent raid on the English coast shows
that German hatred has passed the
bounds of reason. Not to mention
that German daring has passed bounds
of British safety.
Returns from Oregon apples shipped
to South America are encouraging.
The prices were higher than any other
market has yet yielded and fresh or
ders have come in for 5000 more
It is ascertained that the British
finished breakfast under fire before
sinking the German squadron. The
Anglo-Saxon is a deliberate animal.
After reading that the British sea
fighters finished a good warm break
fast before taking up the battle, we
are not surprised that they won.
Italy has made a demand on Tur
key for certain explanations. And it
is reasonable to believe that Turkey
will not treat Italy as" she did us.
But if General Scott fails to talk
the factions out of their differences
it is a safe bet that drastic action will
The Kaiser has again gone to the
front. Frontwards would probably
describe his position more accurately.
Hitchcock threatens to put a crimp
in Bryan if he interferes in Nebraska
appointments and he is able to do it.
Now, Mr. Beals, be kind. Give us
enough snow to make good sledding,
for vacation begins very soon.
This is not the shortest day, how
ever, to the person who is just start
ing his. Christmas shopping.
A Russian General says the situa
tion is entirely satisfactory. To the
Germans, he must mean.
Some of the old Sour Doughs who
have spent a Winter above 40 think
this is balmy weather.
Back in Colorado, where the sun
shines 365 days in the year. It is only
This being the shortest day of the
year, start your shopping at an early
We have it. Jupiter and the moon
are concentrating for defensive action.
Do not overlook the shiny silver and
crisp, new bills for Christmas giving.
The Kaiser has gone to the front
with hi3 kttbag full of iron crosses.
Three days to Christmas, and if the
money is not gone, shop early.
If there is any good in you this is
the week it should come out
If you cannot do better, give your
photograph with apology.
Pity the milkman and the postman,
but never the iceman.
Let the Christmas feast be of goods
made In Oregon.
Go home for Christmas and delight
the old folk.
Winter is with us today. Note the
This latest decision makes Thaw
Will Walter Johnson be- interned ?
These are bad days for Turkey.
Something doing at Sochaczew.
Twenty-Five Years Ago .
From The Oregonian, December 29. 1889.
San Francisco. James J. Corbett, the
boxer, is not yet a professional. His
contract for his appearance in Portland
calls only for a "contest," and Corbett
announces it will not be a fight to a
Seattle. Senator Henry Landes. of
Port Townsend. and Miss Christina
Story, of Victoria, were married
Wednesday, December 18, at the Rain
ier Hotel. Judge John P. Hoyt. of the
Supreme Bench, officiated, in the pres
ence of distinguished guests, who in
cluded Governor Ferry, Lieutenant
Governor Laughton and members of
both houses of the Washington Legis
lature. Bismarck, N. D. An iron-clad prohi
bition amendment passed both houses
of the North Dakota Legislature De
George B. Tracy has been appointed
postmaster at Baker City, Or.
Bids for a story-and-a-half dwelling
to be built on the east side of Ella
street, near B street, for Mrs. Meda
Matz were opened yesterday at the of
fice of Otto Kleemann.
Frank V. Drake has removed his law
office to the 'new "Washington block"
at Washington and Fourth streets.
The King- of Slam has Just married
20 new wives.
Captain John O'Brien presided at the
assembly of the Federated Trades Tues
day night. C. Bomberger presided as
secretary. The enforcement of the
eight-hour law was taken up.
The Oregon delegation, in its recom
mendations to the President, have sug
gested Louis T. Barin. of Oregon City,
as United States Marshal in Oregon; R.
P. Earhart, of Portland, aa Collector
of Customs; Milton Weidler, of Port
land, as Collector of Internal Revenue;
W. H. Byars, of Salem, for Surveyor
General; Franklin Pierce Mays, of The
Dalles, for District Attorney; George
Steel for postmaster of Portland; A. M.
Crawford, of Marshfield, for Receiver
of the Land Office at Roseburg. The
delegation has made numerous other
recommendations for the "plums" in
C. H. Freeman, formerly a resident of
Portland, but now living at London, is
in the city at the Gllman.
ABUSES IN PARCEL POST SYSTEM
Similar Relations With Railroads by
Individuals Criminal, Says Writer.
PORTLAND, Dec. 21. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian December 15.
under heading "Post Is Cheaper Than
Freight," Mr. George Summers, of
Prinoville. presented a very Interesting
comparison of freight and parcel post
rates between Prineville and Fort
The airline distance between the two
points is approximately 126 miles and
it is upon this distance that the parcel
post rate of $1.0S per hundred pounds
is based. The shortest distance by es
tablished mail routes is via Lakeview
and is 378 ft miles. The established
parcel post rate for a straight-away
distance of 300 to 600 miles is $4.15 per
hundred pounds. The freight charge
of about $1.65 per hundred is, in this
case, for a haul by rail of 769 miles.
The parcel post rate for a straight
away shipment for a distance of be
tween 600 and 1000 miles is $6.10 per
If the Postal Department has con
tracts with the maiicarriers based on
weight handled, it is highly probable
that the sum of the rates payable to
the several carriers between Prineville
and Fort Klamath would reach much
more than the parcel post rate of $1.08,
so that by handling overland, the de
partment would be in the position of
paying out more than it gets; in other
words, doing the business at a loss.
Even if the distance were only 180
miles, as stated by Mr. Summers, the
return would scarcely pay wages for
man and team certainly not at this
time of the year, so that the mailcar
rier, also, would lose on such a move
ment. Undoubtedly, from the Postal De
partment standpoint the most feasible
method of handling -the shipments in
this case was to have them hauled the
"longest way round." Why? Because
the Postal Department told the rail
roads a few years ago that for a period
of four years their pay for handling
the mails would be a certain lump sum
based on the weight of mail handled
during a certain month at that time.
Sending this particular shipment by
rail won't cost the Postal Department
anything. In other words, the railroads
interested will handle the shipment for
nothing; or, stated otherwise, the rail
roads are forced to favor this shipper
over every shipper located at points
between Redmond and Chiloquin, but
outside the $1.08 rate zone.
Mr. Summers asks "Who makes the
profits, the Postal Department or the
railroads?" The expense to the depart
ment hauling the shipment to and from
the railroad at Redmond and Chiloquin
will probably wipe out most of the
profit to the department. There cer
tainly will be no profit to the railroads.
But the shipper can figure that "a dol
lar saved is a dollar made," and com
pliment himself accordingly.
But this shipper is hardly in the same
class with- the contractor mentioned in
one of the leading mazagines recently.
This contractor has the mail star route
between Holbrook and Snowf lake, Ariz.
Recently this representative of the
Government bought 10,000 pounds of
barley at Mesa. Ariz., a point 340 miles
distant by rail from Holbrook, and
shipped it by parcel post via Holbrook
to Snowflake. The barley cost him 95
cents per hundred at Mesa. The post
age from Mesa to Snowflake was $1.08
per hundred, bringing the total cost
laid down at Snowflake to $2.03 per
hundred pounds. For transporting the
barley from Holbrook the contractor
received from Uncle Sam $2.25 per hun
dred pounds, or 22 cents per hundred
pounds more than the cost of the bar
ley, plus the postage on it to Snow
flake. In effect, the Postal Department
made this enterprising contractor a
present of the barley, of the transpor
tation and of $22 for the privilege.
Such abuses of the parcel post are
not new and are not local. They are
glaring examples of inefficient and un
scientific bureaucratic methods and are
further evidence of the biased manner
In which the Postal Department handles
matters in connection with railroad
transportation of mails. The in
stances cited may be legal, but if sim
ilar relations existed, between the rail
road and any shipper other than the
Government the railroads would be
prosecuted to the fullest extent of the
Hott About Auditorium t
PORTLAND, Dec. 21. (To the Edi
tor.) What has become of Portland's
Auditorium? Now that bonds are
bringing a fair premium would this
not be an opportune time to get down
to business and get a court decision
and market the bonds? A fair -premium
will partially offset some of the ex
penditure up to date for which the
people have not received very much.
nie Output of Coal. .
The coal produced by Pennsylvania
last year exceeded by more than 20 per
cent the entire output of the United
States 15 years before, and was nearly
one-fifth of the world's production.
NEWSPAPERS DON HOLIDAY DRESS
Christmas Numbers Arriving Show
Season Is Duly Recogralsed.
Sutherlln is not a very large Ore
gon city and the annual number of
the Sun 14 pages, in n illuminated
cover is all the more creditable to
the publisher. A noticeable feature is
the large amount of advertising by men
who do not appear in the regular issue.
The Salem Journal Saturday stepped
outside of its path of moribund pes
simism long enough to get out an issue
showing enterprise on the part of Its
owners and appreciation by advertisers.
The Christmas number of the
Gresham Outlook is up to the standard
established last year by Editor St.
The Christmas edition of the Rain
ier Review is devoted to showing the
wonderful resources and opportunities
of the section of Columbia County in
which it receives its support. There
is a saying down the river that "Char
ley Nutt gets out a great paper," and
it Is true. Men seeking location for
investment need a copy of the current
The "Special Christmas Edition" of
the Silverton Appeal exploits that sec
tion of Marion County in a convincing
way. There are 16 pages inside
heavy cover and the mechanical work
is artistic The literary features are
People of Hoppner certainly have
reason to feel proud of the Harlans
and their Herald, and in the "Annual
Morrow County Edition." issued De
cember 15. the cause for pride is in
creased. The paper plays up well the
advantages for business investment and
home-making. Editorially and typo
graphically it is perfect.
Considering office resources and pos
slblllties, the current number of the
Aurora Observer ranks well in the lead
of holiday issues. The old town has
awakened into new life and Editor
Wescott is its prophet.
The Kewberg Graphic observes the
season by a blaze of color.
The Aberdeen (Wash.) Dally World
of December 17 uses the color of its
native fir to call attention to its holi
There, are 48 pases in the Christmas
edition of the walla walla Evening
Bulletin and if there Is anything in ot
about the Inland Empire that is not
exploited Its absence is not noticeable.
The "Christmas Edition" of the Gold
endale (Wash.) Sentinel shows profit
able co-operation of business men and
The holiday number of the South
Bend (Wash.) Journal is like its pre
decessors and perhaps a little better.
Anybody interested in Livingston,
Mont., needs a copy of the Enterprise
of December 18, -which has exhaustive
review of the possibilities and oppor
tunlties of that section of the great
state of a thousand resources.
TIIE SORROWFUL CHRISTMAS.
Ben H. Lampman in Gold Hill News.
Nicholas, saint of the children, drum
med on the frosted pane; he heard the
play of the snow EDrites over the
Northern plain, he heard the hoofs of
hi3 reindeer crunch on the crusted
snow and he answered Mistress Nich
olas, "Yea, it is time to go.'" Wild
as a drove stampeded the Artie wind
rushed by, the lonely wolf of the bar
rens lifted a lonely cry. "Wife, will
you see to my mittens, and darn me
well the thumb? I dread me this one
Christmas more than all that shall
come. Yea, but I dread this Christ
mas: I'll go with my old heart sad,
for I carry the strangest playthings
that ever a youngster had. The coat
that the good bear gave me, brush it
and trim it new I must ride with
Christinas as ever I used to do." The
swirl of the sifted snow sand slashed
at the frosted pane, and the saint of
little children turned to his toys again.
Nicholas, patron of Christmas, has
laden his pack with gifts; he hears
the play of the enow sprites piling the
Northern drifts, he hears the clink of
harness where his reindeer paw the
snow and he answers Mistress Nich
olas, "Yea, it is time to go." Keen
as a slashing saber the Arctic wind
makes strife; he girds the belt of wal
rus lnd bids farewell to his wife.
"Bind me this scarf the tighter loosen
the hood a mite I ride to the south
with Christmas, and I travel overlight.
Yea, overlight with trinkets, and dolls
and pretty toys, but I carry the
broken sword blade that is the Bel
gian boy's. I carry the khaki tunic
stained with the bayonet thrust;
mayhap the lass in England will think
that stain but rust. France, and the
Rhine, and Russia . . ." He sets
his foot to the sleigh, and the saint
of little children drives south with
Profit System Canse of Wr.
PORTLAND. Dec. . 21. (To the Ed
itor.) When one views the Belgian war
pictures, as displayed at the Heilig
through The Oregonian's commendable
enterprise, and stops to study the
cause the real cause that has precipi
tated the world into this vortex of
human slaughter, and when one under
stands, as all Socialists do understand,
that it is brought about because of a
world-wide system of legalized com
mercial gambling which forces other
wise honest, peaceably related peoples
to murder one another, it is to force
him to mentally condemn every voter.
male or female, who continues to sup
port, politically, the present infamous
profit system. C. W. BARZEE,
PORTLAND. Dec. 21. (To the Ed
itor.) The Oregonian, November 29,
told of a contest that the Essanay Mov
ing Picture Company were conducting
for the best two-reel drama written. 1
have looked through several of the
moving-picture magazines and have
been unable to see anything on this
subject. Y anting more information on
the subject I write to ask if you could
give the name of the magazine from
which the editor of this department ob
tained it? INTERESTED.
The Information wos obtained from
the Moving-Picture World.
Exports of Wheat.
DRAIN. Or., Dec. 20. (To the Edi
tor.) To settle an argument, please
tell which city. New York or Portland,
Or., exports the more wheat.
Portland has led all ports In the
United States for a month or two at
a time in the exportation of wheat, but
usually New York and Galveston ship
more of the cereal each season.
When a Man Speaks.
People seldom worry as to when a
man is going to begin his speech, but
tney worry a great deal as to when
he is going to quit speaking.
One's Own Wife's KJn.
Ab Adkiris says his wife's kin are
the greatest strain, on his neutrality.
Speaking of neutrality, it Is hard to
regard the motorcycle in that light.
Lot of Time Is Wasted.
A lot of time is wated in telling peo
ple to hurry.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian. December 21, 1S64.
The important war intelligence today
is that Hood has been defeated near
Nashvillo by the army under Thomas.
The news of the Important engagement
has been given out by Secretary Stan
ton and General Thomas. Sherman also
has reached Savannah, driven the
enemy in after a battle as previously
reported, and having carried Fort Mc
Allister by storm, is besieging SavanJ
nah, with every prospect of success.
The closing of the Columbia has pre
vented communication with the upper
country and cut us off from a lot of
Interesting news. The cold weather
came earlier than usual this year.
Deserters say that John Mitchell, the
notorious Irish refugee, is commodore
of the rebel fleet in the James River.
Earl Russell has replied to the re
cent manifesto of the Confederate Con
gress, expressing equal friendship for
the North and South, and pledging Eng
land to a policy of strict neutrality.
The London Times thinks Lincoln
will make some endeavor to close the
war by negotiating.
William Naucke and A Bergman have
formed a partnership and will engage
in the confectionery business at 105
An ordinance defining the duties and
jurisdiction of the office of Recorder
has Just been prepared by Judge Mc
Coy, at the request of City Attorney
I o .h sr.i. Ladd & Tilton, bankers, are
now thoroughly settled in their new
banking quarters at the corner of Stark
and Front streets. C. E. Tilton, the
junior partner, left yesterday for San
Francisco, intending to proceed to New
York about December 23.
There is a very important message
at the telegraph office for Peter A.
Bryngelson, a passenger on the Sierra
The Grey Generals
Br Dean Collins.
Bugles of Boreas summon them to
Boldly they grip at their battle
Fierce flap the Northern lights, the)
Rouse the Grey Generals who won
Cold come their cohorts, o'er the snow
Riding the wind's wings from the
General January, from the Northland
General February Russia's ancient
Their's be the battle blades that broke,
of old, the strongest
Legions Napoleon into Russia hurled.
Sneered when the shadow of the con
queror lay longest.
Till blasted and beaten was the
Breaker of the World.
Sharper than steel are the swords they
Edged with ice, biting more than
Stands there a son of a mortal mother
Who can bear the fearful beating of
the shrapnel of the sleet?
Glare the Grey Generals, from their
Wild as a wolf's wail shrills their
Ice-tipped their arrows through awful
air are darting;
Black o'er their battle-field the storm
Bugles of Boreas blatantly are bray
ing; Riding the wind's wings from the
Grim the Grey Generals gallop to the
Lords of the long night Russia's
Case No 74.
PORTLAND, Dec. 21. (To the Ed
itor.) In the ebb and flow of human
ity as it surged throuprh the great doors
of the postoffice corridors and around
the tables where I sold Red Cross
stamps on Tuesday, December 8, there
passed an aged woman leading a little
girl. Twice she passed, then she
stopped to ask if I knew of anyone
who wanted help in housework. She
said she had come from Washington to
take a position in Lents, but that the
lady who was to employ her had not
waited until she could get here, but had
employed someone else.
There was that about the woman and
the little girl whose hand was clasped
so close in that of her grandmother
that called to mind instantly Dickens'
Little Nell and her grandfather. There
was that in the simple dignity of her
statement that spoke of other and bet
ter days. I directed her to one of the
newspaper offices for- more explicit
information as to the Associated Chari
ties. And when I afterwards recalled all
the experiences of that day. the face
of this woman and child stood out most
clear of all the throng who passed.
In The Oregonian Monday, December
14, was a picture of a row of appli
cants sitting in the station of the
Associated Charities and in the center
I recognized the grandmother holding
the little girl in her lap. i'riday The
Oregonian told the pitiful tale of the
death of the grandmother. By the law
of heredity children in nature closely
resemble grandparents. It is the hope
of the writer that little "74" of the
Associated Charities will find a home
with the love and care that her grand
mother with her last breath tried to
give her. MARY ALICE OGDEN.
Safe While In United States.
HEPPNER, Or., Dec. 20. (To the
Editor.) Kindly advise whether or not
a foreign nation can compel Its sub
jects, who are in the United States, and
have not declared their intention to
become citizens, to return to serve in
the army In time of war?
A subject residing in this country
of a nation at war cannot be forced
to return to his native land for serv
ice. But in the event of visiting his
own country after having failed to
obey a summons to military duty he
might be detained and punished.
Parable of a Man's Hat.
The conventions occasionally induce a
man to buy a new hat. but he differs
from a woman in that he prefers his old
Good advertising is a vigorous
It not only seeks increase in busi
ness, but sets new ideals.
It leads. It constructs. It goes
The advertising manager has to
grow to keep pace with his printed
It is safer to deal with an adver
tiser than with a non-advertiser.
It' Is safer to buy an advertised
article than an "unknown."
Take the advertising in this news
ier as a safe index to reliable business.