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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 1, 1914)
VOL! LIV. NO. 16,854.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, DECEMBER I, 1914..
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TO faSTERN FRONT
Events in Poland Now
of Utmost Import.
EMPERGB DONATES HONORS
General Mackenzen and Army
, Corps iCongratulated.
RUSSIAN ADVANCE GROWS
In Spite of Intense Cold Weather
Petrograd Asserts Czar's Troops
Are Pushing Forward Rapidly
j In Galicia Campaign.
BERLIN, via The Hague to London,
Nov. 80. The Eist Is gradually coming
Into its own. Tiose familiar with con
ditions have recognized for the last
three weeks that the center of impor
tance has been tjansferred from France
- to the Eastern war theater.
The departure of Emperor" William to
the eastern front, the appointment of
General von Hindenburg as a Field
Marshal and the publication of appre
ciative telegrams to the Eastern com
manders have directed the attention
of the uninformed public to tbe fact
that events in Poland are of far greater
Importance than those in Flanders and
along the Aisne.
The presence of Emperor William at
Field Marshal von Hindenburg's head
quarters is interpreted here as indicat
ing that everything is thought to be
going well. The Emperor has conferred
the Order of Merit on General Macken
tsen for his victory at Lowlcz in the fol
History to Remember MackesccA.
"The Ninth Army Corps under your
safe and tested leadership again has
fought with unrivalled brilliancy In a
hard but successful battle. Your
achievements in the past few days will
stand in history as shining examples
of fortitude, endurance and valor.
"Communicate this to our splendid
troops with my Imperial thanks, to
which I wish to give tangible form by
conferring upon you the Order of
Merit. God be with you and our stand
ards in the future."
General Mackenzen, in an order of
the day, issued when he had received
the Emperor's telegram, said:
Appreciation Is Welcome!
"I am rejoiced to announce to my
heroic troops this sign of appreciation,
which belongs to the whole Ninth
General Mackenzen long has been re
garded as one of the most brilliant of
the German Generals. He was the
trusted Adjutant-General of Field Mar
shal Count von Schieiffen when he was
chief of the general staff, and instruct
ed Emperor William in military his
tory. The Emperor later selected him
as the immediate superior of the Crown
Prince in the Danzig garrison.
There Is nothing new to report from
tbe west front and no important news
is expected from that vicinity.
STCBBORX ENGAGEMENTS GO ON
Fifty Thousand Anstro-Hnngarlans
Captured in Two Weeks.
PETROGRAD, Nov. SO. The follow
ing official communication was issued
from general headquarters tonight:
"Stubborn engagements continue In
the direction of Lowicz. An attempt
by the Germans to advance in the re
gion of Rzeszow has been repulsed
with great losses to the Germans.
"On the rest of the front along the
left bank of the Vistula, an artillery
engagement took place on Novem
"The Russian troops, after a fight
lasting ten days, captured on November
29 the Austrian positions which pro
tect the passes in the Carpathians, ex
tending 60 versts (about 33 miles)
from Koneczna, which is situated north
of Bartfeld, as far as Sczuko, situated
south of Meso Leborcz. The Russians
in this district captured cannons, ma
chine guns and many prisoners.
"During the first half of November
we captured in all 60,000 Austro-Hun-garian
soldiers and COO officers.
"At Plock (Poland) the Russian
troops seized four ships laden with
machine guns and munitions.
"In East Prussia minor engagements
continue. No Turkish warship has
been seen in the Black Sea since No
vember 21." ,
GERMANS RETIIEAT IN EAST
Kaiser's Men Flee So Fast Even Mu
nitions of War Are Abandoned.
PETROGRAD, via London, Nov. 30.
"Fighting on the Russo-Prussian front
Is turning advantageously for our
side," telegraphs a correspondent of
the Army Messenger.
"Our cavalry has dispersed the
enemy, who, in retiring, is abandoning
his munitions of war. The energetic
pursuit of our forces prevents the
Germans from taking up the positions
which they had prepared for their use
In the event of a retreat"
Referring te the operations In
Galicia the Army Messenger says:
"Ail of our operations in Galicia
are ending successfully for us.
We continue to push the Austrian
army in the direction of Cracow.
In spite of the intense cold which
(Concluded oa Pas 4.)
LODY,- SPY, ADMITS
HIS JUDGES JUST
GERMAJf, SHOT IX TOWEE'OF
IXJXDOX, DIES TTXATTIAID.
In Letter to Relatives in Stnttgaart,
Lody Confesses "Hero's Death on
Battlefield Is Finer."
AMSTERDAM, via London, Nov. SO
Th Cologne Gazette publishes a let
ter written by Carl Bans Lody, who
recently was put to death as a spy In
the Tower of London, to relatives In
Stuttgart, the day before be was shot.
The letter says: '
"My Dear Ones: I. have trusted, In
-God and He has decided that my hour
has come. I must start on the Jour
ney through the dark valley, like so
many of my comrades In this terrible
war of nations.
"May my life be honored as an bum
ble offering on the altar of the father
land. The hero's death on the battle
field certainly is finer, but Is not my
lot. I die here in the enemy's coun
try, silent and unknown; but the con
sciousness that I die in the service of
the fatherland makes death easy.
"Tomorrow I shall be shot In the
Tower. It is a consolation to me that
I was not treated like a fepy. I had
just Judges and shall die as an officer,
not as a spy.
' "Farewell. God bless you."
PAPER MILLS' DEED FILED
Oregon City Plants Consolidated by
Transfer of Title.
OREGON CITY. Nov. 30. (Special.)
Fifty words today transfered title
to $1,500,000 worth of property of the
Willamette Pulp & Paper Company and
the Crown-Columbia Paper Company to
the new Crown Willamette corporation,
a consolidation of the two plants. .
The deed was filed with Recorder
Dedman this afternoon to avoid the
$1500 war tax that would have been
levied tomorrow. Title to the mills
worth $1,300,000 and to timber lands in
Clackamas County is involved. The
consideration mentioned was $10.
This is the first step toward the
consolidation of the companies as far
as officials here have received word.
THIEVES FELL G. W. HAZEN
Attorney Stnnned by Robbers as He
Enters Ills Home.
When George W. Hazen, a promi
nent attorney., entered his home at 430
East Twenty-sixth, street late, last
night he was struck on the head,
knocked to the floor, and, while mo
mentarily stunned, was relieved of $3
or $4 in silver and a vaulable gold
watch and charm. The robbers escaped.
On investigation, Mr. Hazen found
that the burglars had entered his house
by opening a basement window. A
large quantity of silverware had been
taken. The robbers were evidently
leaving the place when Mr. Hazen re
turned He was reaching to turn on
the lights when felled..
PRIZE MAY GO TO BELGIANS
Scandinavian Press Approves Giving
Jiobel Fund to Refugees.
COPENHAGEN, via London, Nov. SO.
Tbe Scandinavian press greatly
favors the proposal to donate the
Nobel peace prize to Belgian refugees.
The newspapers say this would be
In accordance with the Ideas of Dr.
Alfred B. Nobel, and that the money
would thus be devoted to a thoroughly
437 DIE IN JAPANESE MINE
Disaster Is Reported on Hokkaido,
LONDON, 4:45 A. M-, Dec 1. A Tokio
dispatch to Reuter's Telegram Com
pany reports a serious mine disaster
on Hokkoldo, the northernmost of the
main islands of Japan. (
It is reported that 437 miners are
PETROGRAD, IVov. 30, via London, 2
P. M. On the basts of reports received
In Petrograd from Hungary, It Is stated
here today that the Austro-Uungarlan
casualties to date amount to 900,000
men and 19,000 officers.
LUXEMBURG, Grand Duchy of Lux
emburg, via London, Sn, 30, lOilO
P. M. The newspaper Wort announces
officially that Germany thus far has
paid to Luxemburg 1,280,000 francs
!23tt,OO0) for damages done to . the
field and crops by the piimcc of the
German troops and 311,000 franca SU2,
200) for tbe use of roads nnd the dam
age done to streets and buildings.
tOI'KMlAGE, via London, Kor. 30.
A itorBt-damaffed German kydro
aeroplane"wlth a German officer and
mechanic aboard fell Into the sea to
day south of Cape Fornas, Jutland.
The aviators were rescued aud In
terned. They said they had left Kiel
thia mornlna and flown over Helgo
land and alone the Sehlesnlg coast.)
There they encountered a heavy storm I
and were unable to control the ma
LOXDOX, Dec 1, 1:57 A. M. The!
Danish stenmer Mary of EJhajers; was
sunk by a mine in tke North Sen Sun
day. Her crew of 14 took to the boats,
one of which was picked up by the
steamer Juno and landed at Grimsby
last nlaht. The other boat, containing-1
the Mary's chief officer an six mr, is I
ELECTION SEEMS ASSURED
Many Up-State Men for Choice
of Greatest Delegation.
VOTE MADE UNANIMOUS
Executive Session Called In Meeting
of Legislators, Action Reported
- Promptly Littlefield , Clialr
man and Stott Secretary.
Ben Selling Is the candidate of the.
Multnomah County delegation In the
lower house of the Legislature for the
He was unanimously selected at a
caucus of 11 of tne 12 members last
night. Of these eight were present In
person and three were represented by
proxy. John Gill, who was absent, gave
his indorsement to Mr. Selling imme
diately after the meeting.
Those in attendance were S. B. Cobb,
Louis Kuehn. E. V. LIttlefleld. D. C.
Lewis, 8. B. Huston, Conrad P. Olson,
Ben Selling and Plowden Stott. Those
represented by proxy were Oscar W.
Home, Dr. Andrew C. Smith and Lloyd
Election Seems Assured.
As many representatives of up-state
districts previously had pledged their
support to tbe Multnomah County can
didate, there is every indication that
Mr. Selling will be elected.
Last night's action of the Multnomah
representatives, interrupted a regular
meeting of the county delegation. In
cluding members of both houses.
The delegation further organised by
electing E. V. Littlefield as permanent
chairman and Plowden Stott as per
It was determined to proceed with
the' preliminaries of legislation in the
way of outlining plana for action when
the Legislature assembles at Salem.
Regular meetings will be held every
Monday evening and the public will be
invited to present drafts of completed
bills for consideration of the local dele
gation. Committees to Be Named.
Chairman Littlefield was authorized
to appoint at once committees of not
less than three members each, and In
cluding members of both tbe House and
Senate, on the following subjects:. Tax
ation and assessments; educational af
fairs: Multnomah County affvlrs; con
solidation of state offices and commis
sions; investigation of state institu-
(Concluded on Pave 2.
t Fif V.f f I European c J 1 riMi i ; ijrjj" Wfl f f.'
y -haix v j25& -JSP- WAXXL ' U OT3 kj? v ;
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TSSTERDAT S Maximum temperature, 4
degree; minimum, 40 decrees.
TODAY'S Sain; incxeaaln southerly wind.
Bigr battle Is 'raging- on Tser-Lya Une.
Page 1. "
Kaiser determined events in Poland more
important than in Flanders, switches im
perial base to astern frontier. Page li.
Carl Hans Lody. spy shot In Tower oX Lon
don, admits bis trial Just one. Page 1.
President advlsea against United States war
strength probe now as untimely. Page i.
German and British fleets may fight off
Atlantic coast of South America. Page 3.
Starving Belgians again flee and food riots
and reprisals are feared. Page 2.
Villa force takes Pachuca by assault, cap
turing Carranza supplies. Eage 4.
New rates by Western carriers, to have be
come effective today, ordered suspended.
New state appropriation requirement to get
federal aid for irrigation. Page &.
John G. Wendell, one of wealthiest men en
Broadway. New York. dies. Page 4.
Case of 65,000 Western engtnemen taken up
by board of arbiters. Page X.
Cornell chosen captain of 1915 Oregon Uni
versity football team. Page 12.
Real Northwest all-star football team com
posite of nine. Page 12.
Sportsmen to gather to pick, bills for legis
lative action. Page IX.
Four men lock up jailer and escape at Ea
Hene... Pace 6.
Oregon electors give verdict against capital
punishment by majority of 157 Page e.
Seattle liquor dealers enjoin Governor Lis
ter to prevent state-wide prohibition
proclamation. Page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Local wheat buying will be resumed with
clearing of docks. Page 17.
November trade at stockyards unusually
heavy. Page 17.
Wheat higher at Chicago because of decrease
In visible statement. Page 17.
No stronir selling pressure on New York
bond market. Page 17.
Effect of war noted In exports of grain and
horses during November. Page 14.
Cereal exports from Portland harbor show
heavy gain. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Ben Selling is selected for Speakership in
caucus of Multnomah delegation. Page X.
Municipal expenditures and activities for
1914 shown. Page 13. - -
Mlsa Lenore Ulrlch, of "The Bird of Para
dise." to sell dolls for charity today
New show at rant ages has merry variety.
Tenlno cutoff to be used In month, say
Northern Pacific officials on inspection
tour. Page 17.
Crisis Is approaching for woolgrowers, says
president of Oregon association. Page 14.
First nayment of war tax due today. Page 7.
Attorney-General holds amendments passed
by people require proclamation by Gov
ernor Page .
Coroner's jury Investigates to ascertain It
Mrs. H. Ronning committed suicide or
was murdered. Page 6.
Charity workers clear way for Santa. Claus.
Page 11. -
"The Bird of Paradise.' beautiful play, is
. welcomed . again at Beilig Theater.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
CHILLED VIENNA HUNGERS
.. -.-.-r . - i mr
Heavy Snow and1 High 'Pricfj "OatfSe
VENICE, via London, Nov. 30.
Unusually bitter cold accompanied by a
heavy snowfall Is said to be causing
intense misery to the population of
Vienna. The situation is made worse
by the exorbitant prices of food, and
the municipality is feeding many
thousands of persons.
Owing to the high price of flour the
authorities are experimenting with a
soup made from potatoes, barley and
black meals. .
Exeraordinarily cold weather Is re
ported from the southern battlefield.
especially In Bosnia.
A CONSPIRACY OF THE DEEP. DARK
IS BEFORE ARBITERS
Demands of 55000Are
14 OF 16 ARE IN EXISTENCE
Main Object of Most Is to Dis
LONG HEARING IS PROBABLE
Document of 945 Pages, Containing
Half Million Words and Cover
ing Present Agreements, Is
Introduced by Workers. '
CHICAGO, Nov. SO. When the arbi
tration of questions at Issue between
98 Western railroads and 65,000 of
their englnemen began here today be
fore a board appointed under the
Newlands act. the representatives Bet
out to prove that every one of their
16 demands, with two exceptions, of a
comparatively minor nature, are in
actual existence on some roads, al
though ' no one road has granted all
Of the six arbitrators, two were ap
pointed by the roads, two by the men.
and two Judge Peter C. Pritchard
and Charles Nagel by the Govern
ment. Judge Pritchard was chosen
Statistic. Are Presented.
Tbe board for five hours listened to
a solid volume of statistics elicited by
Warren S. Stone, grand chief engineer
of the Brotherhood of Locomotive En
gineers, acting as counsel for the men.
from his first witness. M. w. Cadle,
an assistant grand chief engineer of
The railroads were represented by
A. W. Trenholm. chairman of the con
ference commission appointed by the
Western Federation of General Man
agers, and his colleagues on the com
mittee. and James M. Sheean.
Stone outlined his case briefly, and
then Introduced a paper volume of 94 S
pages, containing-about half a million
Long Hearing Probable.
"This." he explained, "contains all
the records of agreements between the
englnemen and the railroads."
The bulk of it was regarded as am
pie explanation of the prediction that
the hearing will be a long one. -.
Mr. Stone reviewed the conferences
which have preceded the present arbi
tration of the wage and service dif
ferences between the railroads and
their employes. He laid great stress
on the hardships suffered by the men.
their long hours of servioe, their
hazards and their responsibility.
He said they were entitled to better
(Concluded on Page 4.)
Monday's War Move
ANOTHER day of the crucial battle
between the Russians and the
Germanic allies In Poland has passed
without news of a decisive result. The
Berlin official statement last night
said- that there Is nothing of importance
to report "from Poland, while the Rus
sian government rests upon Its warn
ing against over-optimism.
The facts, as gleaned from various
messages of correspondents, appear to
be that three semi-independent en
gagements . are progressing between
Thorn on the north and Cracow on
the south, in which both combatants
have achieved local successes, without
a distinct victory for either arma
Some of the British military experts
"believe that Field Marshal von Hin
denburg's forces have been split into
three units, one of which certainly is
almost completely enveloped, while the
Russians have driven a wedge between
the German army and its Austrian ally
In the region of Cracow.
They declare that the Germans have
consistently underestimated the quali
ties of their Muscovite opponents and
have opposed them with a body com
posed almost wholly of second-line
troops, but are now rushing heavy re
inforcements from the western line to
avert a Polish Sedan. They express
the- opinion that the issue depends on
whether these arrive in time.
Nevertheless the military critics In
the capitals of the allies, according to
dispatches, remain convinced that the
Cerman Invasion of Russian Poland
has suffered a check which only the
most strenuous efforts of the Ger
man commanders, can save from de
generating into disaster.
A news report from Petrograd sets
forth that thj Germans, apparently
ignorant f the extent of the Russian
opposition along the Vistula, or hold
lng this opposition in contempt, threw
heavy forces against the Russian cen
ter, leaving thin lines of communica
tion between their wings. This cre
ated a situation said to be without
precedent In the history of military
In the meantime the resumption of
the Russian offensive resulted in
wedge, dominated by Lodz, being thrust
into the German center.
If the Germans can hold their lines
of communication with' their wings in
tact they may be able to withdraw
without suffering disaster.
Berlin and Vienna continue to re
port that, the battle along the rivers
Vistula and Warta Is proceeding with
out decisive result,' although minor
successes, attended with the capture
of prisoners and guns, are claimed for
the Austrian and German operations.
Berlin reports the failure of the
Russian attacks on the fortifications
east of Darkehmen" in "East"-Prussia,
with heavy losses, while unofficial mes
sages from Petrograd describe impor
tant Russian gains and the capture of
ten miles of trenches to the northeast
Advices from Holland report that
railway traffic, newspapers and posts
In the Brussels region ara suspended
entirely, it is presumed for the pur
pose of suppressing news of a move
ment of German troops to the east
ward. The only development of the day In
the western theater was the renewal
of the British naval bombardment of
the German base at Zeebrugge.
England was surprised at the an
nouncement that King George had left
last night on a visit to the headquar
ters of the British forces in France,
where he is certain of an enthusiastic
reception from the soldiers.
Yesterday was the 40 th birthday of
Winston Spencer Churchill. First Lord
of the Admiralty, and the London pa
pers, except a few of those antagonis
tic to him, paid a tribute to his re
markable career. The 70th birthday of
the Queen Mother Alexandra will be
The Dutch papers say that the Ger
mans have imposed an indemnity of
35,000,000 francs ($7,000,000) monthly
on Belgium for the duration of the war
for the maintenance of the troops, and
in addition 375.000,000 francs (S75.000,
000 as a war levy for violations of
Luxemburg reports that the Germans
have paid a substantial sum for dam
ages resulting from their occupation
of the grand duchy.
News from Berlin admits the serious
ness of the German situation In tha
eastern theater of war and tells of
the bmperor's action in switching the
Imperial camp to the Poland front. The
Kaiser now is wth his new Field
Marshal Von Hindenburg.
ENGLAND'S KING IN FRANCE
Visit Made to Headquarters .of Ex
LONDON, Nov. 30. The official press
bureau announced today that King
George had gone to France last night
to visit the general headquarters of
the British expeditionary forces.
The King was accompanied by his
private secretary. Baron Stamfordham,
and his equerry. Major Wigram.
LONDON, Dec. 1. A Reuter dispatch
from ' the north of France says that
King George arrived Monday after a
very rough passage. The King was re
ceived by the Prince of Wales and paid
a visit to the hospitals.
EXECUTIONER WON'T ACT
Electrician at Arkansas Prison Quits
With Ten Awaiting Death.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Nov. 80
Rather than electrocute ten men who
have been convicted and sentenced to
death for var!6us crimes, .Luther Cast
ling,, electrician at the state peniten
tiary, today presented his resignation
to the prison commission.
No action has been taken on the res
ignation as the authorities say they
know of no one who can take Cast
BIG BATTLE RAGES
0(1 YSER-LYS LINE
nal Attack on Ypres.
MORE RUSHED TO STOP ALLIES
French Declare Foe Worn Out
and Losing Heavily.
GERMAN EMPEROR BITTER
Unable to Enter Ypres, Kaiser's Men
Condemn to Death Old and Mag
nificent City, Sow Heap of
Kuins French Lauded.
AMSTERDAM, via London, Dec. 1.
The Handelsblad's Sluis correspondent
A big battle Is raging between the
Tser and the Lys. One hundred and
twenty thousand Germans have been
sent to Ypres to make a final attempt
to capture the town. The garrisons in
Flanders have been reduced to a min
imum to provide troops to prevent the
allies' advancing on Zonnebeke and
PARIS. Nov. 30. The following offi
cial statement was Issued here tonight:
"A few details about what has oc
curred on the front from November -1
to November 27, Inclusive: The general
situation hns not materially changed
in that period. The ener. y has worn
himself out in partial attacks without
result. Our counter-attacks have In
flicted on him heavy losses and have
brought some gain to ourselves.
Magninccnt City Condemned.
"The old and magnificent City of
Ypres was condemned to death on the
day when the German Emperor was
obliged to give up all hope of enter
ing It. The batteries not -being suffi
cient for that work of destruction, the
enemy took to Houthezn on an armored
train on the 22d and 23d under the
guidance of a captive balloon.
"This train kept up an incessant fire
of explosive and incendiary shells. The
cathedral belfry and the market build
ings successively collapsed. On the
evening of the 23d the main square of
the city was nothing more than a heaA
Allies Get Foothold on Yser.
"On the 24th and 25th we succeeded,
to the south of Dixmude. in gaining a.
foothold on the left bank of tbe Yser.
In spite of the enemy's fire our troops
held the ground without difficulty.
"Farther to the south a French army
corps advanced 200 meters all along its
front, and has held Its ground. The
shells of the German artillery some
times do not burst properly.
"To sum up, our material and moral
situation from the sea tu the Lys Is
good. From the Lys to the Oise the
enemy has not shown greater activity
than on tbe northern section. There
was no attack by the infantry. The
attacks by the artillery were intermit
tent and were lacking in spirit. Our
artillery during that week maintained
German Batteries Silenced.
"On the 22d our heavy guns near La
Basses silenced completely the tire of
the German batteries. On the 24th in
the same region the result was the
"Our infantry has gained brilliant
results. It is to be noted that every
advance it makes at once is secured
definitely by the establishment of en
trenchments. At Lievin on the 21st
our infantry brought to a head an
audacious operation which had been
prepared by sapping. Our troops in
vaded a German trench, killed 200 of
its occupants and Installed themselves
in the trenches, after having burped,
in front of It, two artillery observation
"With reference to the district from
the Otse to the Vosges: It is in this
direction that the -enemy, in his state
ments, claims to have given proof of
the greatest activity and to have gained
most of his success. In reality he has
been a little more active than in other
sections, except that ho never engaged
more than one battalion at a time.
Allies' Artillery Wins.
"As regards the results, he obtained
none. On the contrary, our artillery
made substantial gain3
"Some of the infantry actions are
interesting to note. On the 22d by a
magnificent defense we maintained all
our positions in the Argonne as well
as at Aux Eparges, against four ex
ceedingly fierce attacks. Also on the
25th on all other points. It was we
who made progress.
"On the 21st to the south of Four-de-Paris
we made an advance: on the
24th one of 500 meters near Berry au
Bac; another the same day to the east
of Rheims and in the Forest of Boiant,
and on the 2bth still another near
"In tTpper Alsace and in the Vosges
our Alpine infantry has assumed a re
markable ascendency over the enemy.
When they are confronted by .'black
devils' the Germans do not leave their
trenches. We have taken from them ail
those that were impeding us.
"In this region, as also in the vicinity
of St. Mihiel. our heavy artillery hes
made nearly impossible the victualling
of the enemy."