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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 20, 1914)
THE aiOTtXTXG OREGONIAX, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1914.
500,000 TONS OF
FOOD ARE NEEDED
Belgian Relief Forces Say
Some Sections Have Failed
to Respond to Call. -
ALL TRANSPORTATION PAID
With 17,000 Tons Delivered, 30,000
Tons Afloat and 4 0,000 Tons in
Sight, Vast Problem Still Is
: Far From Solved.
NEW YORK, Nov. 19. The American
Commission for. Relief In Belgium,
which was formed by Ambassador Page
In London soon after it became appar
ent famine was impending, has opened
offices and hired dock space In New
Tork. The commission announced to
day that It was ready to ship pro
visions In any quantity straight
through to Belgium.
This commission is attending strict
ly to the transportation end of Bel
gian relief work and does not In any
way conflict with relief committees al
ready constituted in America. It has
the funds to handle all the shipments
which America can raise this "Winter,
and It has made all diplomatic arrange
ments to have the food sent through
expeditiously and without Interference.
8,0OO Tons Provided For.
Already 17,000 tons of food have been
sent across the sea and distributed with
the help of the German military au
thorities, 30.000 tons are now afloat
and the commission announced today
that 40,000 tons more were in sight.
- Linden W. Bates, American vice
chairman of the the commission, s&ld
"In spite of the efforts of the Bel
gian relief funds, the Rockefeller foun
dation and many other organizations
at work In the West, Belgium cannot be
fed at this page. American members
of the commission declare we must send
at least a half million tons of food
"Certain parts of the West are do
ing nobly, but certain others have not
yet awakened to the call on our charity.
William E. Edgar, editor of the North
western Miller, at Minneapolis, has
been at work among the flour men in
the Northwest and a whole cargo of
flour is on the way to us from there.
Governor Stubbs. of Kansas, Is co
operating with Mr. Edgar to send still
further supplies frrm that Important
Bach County to Send Carload.
"A proposition Is on foot to send a
carload of wheat or flour from every
one of the 99 counties In Iowa, In
diana, California and part of the Pacific
coast are now hard at work; but from
many sections of the country the call
has had no response.
"What Belgium needs most of all Is
food any kind of food, so long as It
will stand ocean transportation. It
would be a good thing to send the Bel
gians clothing were It not that food
Is the first necessity of life and Amer
ica will have to strain every effort this
Winter to bring the Belgians through
alive. Wheat, flour, beans, peas and
preserved meats are especially needed,
but perhaps, above all things, the most
pathetic need of Belgium is for con
densed milk. The cattle are gone and
children of a certain age cannot live
"We have Just received J3S.O0O from
Hawaii to be expended for food.
Hawaii is so far away that they find
It more expeditious to send- us the
money at present instead of supplies.
Later they may send a food ship.
Shipping; Arrangements Made.
"The American offices of the com
mission are 71 Broadway, New York
City, and they will ship mostly from
the Bush terminal, New York. However,
arrangements are being made to Bhip
from all the other ocean ports on the
Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf of Mexico.
Ban Francisco is about to send a spe
cial vessel through the Panama CanaL
"The commission hopes to be able to
announce in a few days a plan whereby
any person wishing to send food In
email quantities may do so without fur
ther trouble than delivering the goods
at an express office. We will then be
able to send any and all supplies from
the point of first shipment clear to the
committee In Belgium, free of cost to
the donor. We are already doing that
for the large shipments."
Women's organizations whose mem
berships aggregate 5,900,000 have en
rolled in an executive co-operating com
mittee to assist the American Commis
sion for Relief in Belgium, it was an
nounced tonight by officers of the wom
en's section of the commission. Four
teen National and International wom
en's societies. Including the Congress
of Mothers, International Woman Suf
frage Alliance, Women's Christian
Temperance Union and the Daughters
of the American Revolution, have joined
REFORMER MADE WARDEN
Kicli Man "Who Spent Week in Cell
Will Manage Sing Sing.
NEW YORK, Nov. 19 Thomas Mott
Osborne, chairman of the Commission
on Prison Reform, has accepted the
post of warden to Sing Sing prison.
The announcement was made tonight
by the Prison Association of New York,
which made public Mr. Osborne's letter
of acceptance to John B. Riley, Super
intendent of Prisons.
Mr. Osborne, who is 55 years old, and
and a man of wealth, became chairman
of the Commission on Prison Reform
In 1913, and in the Fall of that year
attracted National attention by under
going a week's voluntary imprisonment
In Auburn to study conditions there.
WAR NATIONS TO EXHIBIT
Belgium, Germany and Japan Works
at San lranciseo Assured.
CHICAGO, Nov. 19. In spite of the
European war, Germany, Belgium and
Japan will have larger exhibits at the
Panama-Pacific Exposition than were
originally planned, said Charles K
Hatfield, secretary of the exposition.
today, at the convention of the voca
tional art and industrial organization
"Japan has doubled its exhibit," said
Mr. Hatfield, "and Germany will be
represented by a larger display than
that country has ever before put into
a world's exposition, while Belgium .will
nave a large and interesting exhibit.'
M0ULT0N SPENDS $702
Progressive Candidate's Campaign
for Congress Reported.
SALEM, Or, Nov. 19 (Special.)
Arthur I. Moulton. Progressive nomi
nee for Representative in Congress in
the Portland district, spent 703.15 dur
ing the campaign, according to his ex
pense statement filed with Secretary of
State Olcott today.
Other statements filed today were as
Fred W. Mean. Representative in Con-
grew, First Congressional District, Progses-
aive. -i-.u.; jvao a, jerrrey. Attorney
General. Democrat, $200: G. M. Orton. In
behalf of W. S. U'Ren lor Governor. 5237.60;
Arthur McPhilllDS. Representative, Thir
teenth TtenresentMtiVA Tt-1.., Ti.nn.,at
$5.00: Homer Speer. Representative, Second
nujic3iiiinivB tjisinct. ftepubllcan-progres-sive.
5: Wilber Henderson, Representative,
Eighteenth Representative District, Pro
gressive. 130: Mrs. L Gee. Representative,
Eighteenth Representative District, Pro.
gresslve. tlO: S. W. Grathw!l, Representa
tive, riiieenm representative Dlstnct, Pro.
hibitlon. S16.50: Sam F.vam Ttanreaanta..
tive In Congress. Second Congressional Dis
trict. Democrat, $53.67: E. W. Ross, Repre
sentative. First Representative District, So
cialist, nothing; C. TJ. Gantenbeln, Judge of
mo uircuu Loun, uourtn judicial District,
Department No. 6. Republican-Progressive,
$10O: David L. Povey. Stats Senator, Four
teenth Senatorial District, Progressive, notn.
ing: W. T. Grier. Representative. Eleventh
Representative District. Republican, $14.80;
Lora Cornelia Little. Representative,
Eighteenth Representative District. Pro
EARTH RESISTS SHELLS
OLD DEFEK5E AT A3JTWERP MORE
STUBBORN DURING ATTACK.
Dirt Work Not aa Deeply Penetrated
as Masonry aid Concrete of
WAELHEM, Belgium, Nov. 6 (Cor
respondence of 'the Associated Press.)
No point In the outer circle of Ant
werp's foreifications was as stubbornly
contested as Fort Waelhem. Its resist
ance to the German heavy guns was
due to the comparatively little mason
ry in its construction. It was an old
fashioned fortification, largely earth
work. It was demonstrated here that shells
from the German 42-centimeter guns
penetrated little more than a meter
into solid earth. At other fortifications
shells from these same guns penetrated
concrete and stone to twice that dis
tance. The village of "Waelhem lies imme
diately behind the fort, so directly In
the line of German fire that not a
building in the place, which had 1000
Inhabitants, escaped destruction.
A garrison of several hundred Ger
mans is now engaged in repairing the
fort and its disabled guns. The place
Is visited daily by thousands of Bel
gians who wander over the earthworks
furrowed everywhere by German shells
and gather about the - mounds which
the Germans have heaped up over their
KHU PLOT CHECKED
MOVEMENT TO RESTORE CHINESE
Propaganda Culminates- In Arrest of
Many of Old Regime, and Score
of Leaders Are Executed.
CHICAGO. Nov. 19. A special cable
gram to the Chicago Daily News from
rexin today says:
"Sun Yu Yen. an old - time scholar
and official, petitioned Yuan-Shl-Kai
last Monday to replace the Emperor on
the throne. Yuan-Shi-Kai retaining the
regency. The censors impeached Sun-Yu-Jen,
who was arrested yesterday.
"The propaganda, which has been
proceeding for some time, with the ob
ject of bringing about the restoration
or the wanchua, has culminated in the
arrest of many prominent office-hold
ers of the old regime.
"Yesterday and today many Manchus
were arrested. 20 being executed. The
members of the Imperial family say
they are In ignorance of the movement.
The former Emperor sent a letter to
Yuan-Shl-Kai urging that the move
ment must prove abortive, and saying
that he is unwilling to have China
plunged Into new strife. It Is believed
that Yuan-Shl-Kai forced the Emperor
to send the letter.
"Reinforcements are coming Into
Pekln, and it is believed that the gov
ernment will be able to dominate the
WILSON BIRD KENTUCK1AN
Members of Cabinet Also Presented
With Tnrkeys From South.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. The White
House and Cabinet Thanksgiving tur
keys this year will be Kentucky bred.
South Trimble, clerk of the House,
has ordered from his farm at Frank
fort, Ky, a 41-pound bird, fed on cel
ery and chestnuts, for President Wil
son's table, and is sending 30-pound
birds to each member of the Cabinet
and to Secretary Tumulty.
ADVERTISING TALK No. 10.
The Paper Everybody
. You read The Morning Oregonian every 'day of
your life. Your wife reads it. Your children
read it. Your wife reads the announcements of
the tradespeople. She learns of the new things
that are in vogue. She learns of the bargains the
stores are offering. The Morning Oregonian is her
shopping guide. And yours, too. You are in-,
fluencd to buy because you saw some announce
ment in The Oregonian.
You and your family are no exceptions. Your
friends and your families' families read The Ore
gonian. They are influenced just as you are. So,
if you want your product, or your merchandise,
or your service, or whatever it is you have to sell,
known to the public of Portland you cannot do
better than to tell this public through these col
umns. These columns reach Hie people you want for
your customers. We are ready to prove it to
you. We will show you where The Oregonian
Do you know anyone who does not read The
Oregonian? Do you know anyone who isn't to
some considerable extent influenced by the news
of the advertising columns? The Oregonian is a"
tireless salesman. It carries your message into
the homes of Portland. It influences the occu
pants of these homes to purchase your wares, or'
whatever it is you have to market.
BY CAPTIVE- SHIPS
Passengers on Britisher Tell
How Traps Were Set by
German Ocean Raider.
SUPERIOR SPEED TELLS
Scout Flotilla Covers Front of 150
Allies and Wireless Informs
, Warship When Prospective
Prize Is Sighted.
NEW YORK. Nov. 19. How the Ger
man cruiser Karlsruhe sets Its traps
for vessels flying the flags of nations
at war with Germany was told today
by passengers of the British merchant
man Van Dyck, captured by the Karls
ruhe while on a voyage from Buenos
Ayres to New York. The"se passengers
arrived here today on the steamship
Sao Paulo, from Para.
From Captain Hans Fritsch, a mem
ber of the German naval reserve, com'
manding the steamer Asuncion, to
which those aboard the Van Dyck were
transferred after the Van Dyck had
been chased and captured by the Karls
ruhe, October 26, the passengers ob
tained their information. Captain
Fritzch said that the Karlsruhe was
constantly accompanied by four cap
tured merchant vessels, manned by
Sconts Notify Cruiser.
The flotilla, when there was reason
to believe a merchantman was near.
spread out over a line about ISO miles
long. "When a vessel flying the enemy's
flag was sighted by one of the ships,
the wireless notified the cruiser and
the Karlsruhe, with her superior speed,
would dash tn and capture the prize.
Captain Fritsch said that the Karls
ruhe had captured 17 ships In or near
equatorial Atlantic waters.
Daniel Llndo, of New York, as
spokesman for the passengers, told the
following story of the capture of the
"The Van Dyck left Buenos Ayres
October 15 with 198 passengers and a
crew of 210. The British cruiser Bris
tol convoyed the ship between Rio
Janeiro and Bahia.' Just before our
arrival at Bahia, the Bristol left us.
Armed Men Hoard Vessel
"About 11 o'clock on the morning of
October 26, after we left Bahia, two
columns of smoke were seen over the
horizon. In a half hour more we saw
a gray war vessel coming in our direc
tion. Soon we found out that the war
ship was the Karlsruhe and that the Van
Dyck was a prize of war. In the wake
of the cruisers there came the steam
ship Farn, which we learned later was
a captured vessel.
"A long boat filled with officers and
men put oft from the cruiser. As it
came alongside, we saw that all the
men were armed with rifles and revolv
ers. The officers came aboard and.
after inspecting the ships papers, in
formed us that we would be transferred
to another vessel and taken Into some
"In the meantime three other vessels
had come up. They were the Rio
Negro, the Asuncion and the Indrani.
The first two used to be vessels of the
Hamburg-American Line; the Indrani
was a captured vessel. The next morn
ing the passengers, baggage and bed
ding 'were transferred to the Asun
RUSSIA TAKES REPRISALS
POLAND RUINED, CZAR CONFIS
CATES GERMAN PROPERTY.
Destruction by Kaiser's Army Said to
Have Been Systematic Public
PETROGRAD, Nov. 19. (Special.)
Systematic destruction throughout the
regions the Germans pass cannot be
considered accidental. It must have
been carried out by order. Poland pre
sents a still more striking example
than Belgium of the determination of
the German forces to ruin their en
emies. West of the Vistula, in the neighbor
hood of Warsaw, Poland is one mass
of ruins. All the railroad stations and
water reservoirs have been destroyed,
telegraph poles have been cut down
and the telegraphic apparatus In
every place broken up. "
Brldg-es, including even the smallest
viaducts, have been blown up and fac
tories with modern machinery, espe
cially at Lodz, have been destroyed or
ruined beyond repair.
Public opinion In Russia demands
the liquidation and sequestration of all
German property, including land. Al
ready in the Crimea 2.500,000 acres,
the property of Germans, have been
seized by the government. If this
measure is applied throughout Russia
the losses suffered ' by the German
people will be equivalent to the losses
Inflicted on Belgium.
Russian papers publish the transla
tion of an order Issued from the head
quarters of the Austrian army giving
stringent Instructions to commanding
officers to check desertions of sol
diers. This corroborates a previous
statement that Austrian soldiers from
Moravia, Ruthenia, Dalmatia and other
Slavonic districts are throwing away
their arms at the first opportunity and
deserting In great numbers.
FRANCE SENDS BRIEUX
NOTED SCHOLAR SPEAKS BEFORE
Author Transmits Meuaie From Pres
ident Polncare and Wilson Wel
comes Distinguished Visitor.
NEW TORK. Nov. 19. Eugene
Brieux, French playwright, author and
member of the French Academy, was
the chief speaker today at the first
session of the sixth annual Joint meet
ing of the American Academy of Arts
and Letters and of the National Insti
tute of Arts and Letters. In introduc
ing Mr. Brieux. William Dean Howells.
president of the Academy, said this
was the first Instance in which the
French Academy had sent a member
to represent it in America
Mr. Brieux read a letter from Pres
ident Polncare, of France, written to
President Wilson, in which the pres
ident of France expressed regret at
his inability to attend the meeting
and added that "the appalling events
which have taken place in Europe and
which are of vital Importance for the
cause of popular liberty of course
make it impossible for me to absent
myself from France at this time."
President Polncare also expressed
sympathy and admiration for the
Mr. Brieux delivered an address on
"The Drama as an Instrument of So
cial Betterment." In it he asserted
that the guiding principle of his work
was constant tendency to protest
against the abuse o.f power. President
Wilson sent a message of welcome to
Mr. Brieux and expressed his interest
in the meeting.
PREPARATION STOPS BLOOD
Discovery of Swiss Doctors Is Pre
sented to Armies at War.
GENEVA, Switzerland, via Paris,
Nov. 19. A preparation which, it is
said, will stop almost instantly the
now of blood from a wound, has been in
vented by Professor Theodor Kocher,
of Berne, who won the Nobel prize for
surgery in 1912, and his assistant. Dr.
A. Fonce. The new preparation is
It is in the form of a powder and Is
dissolved in water before being ap
plied to a wound. The discoverers of
coagulen have made a gift of their in
vention to the armies in the Held and
have sent large quantities of the pow
der to the surgical headquarters of
both the German and French armies.
The discovery is regarded by medi
cal men here as likely to save the lives
of thousands of soldiers, since it can
be applied by untrained hands, so that
the wounded man himself or his com
rade might use the solution.
RULER HONORS AMERICAN
Sirs. Penrield First Woman Not of
Austrian Royalty to Get Cross.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 19. Official an
nouncement of the award of the grand
cross of the Order of Elizabeth by
Emperor Franz Joseph to Mrs. Fred
erick C. Penneld, wife of the American
Ambassador at Vienna, was cabled to
day to the Austro-Hungarian embassy
here. Mrs. Penneld has been Inde
fatigable in work among the sick and
wounded soldiers of the dual monarchy.
The message to the embassy said:
"The Emperor has conferred on Mrs.
Penneld the grand cross of the Order
of Elizabeth. The newspapers empha
size the importance of this distinction
as conferred for the first time on a
woman not connected with the Imperial
family, and show appreciation of the
extraordinary personal merits of Mrs.
Penneld, which brought about her deco
ration on account of her care for the
TWO WADE THROUGH FIRE
Men Thought Lost in Forest Confla
gration Make Escape.
OXNARD, Cal., Nov. 19. Hemmed In
on all sides by a forest fire in the
Centura County hills today. F. H. Dun
ham, an oil company official, and a
companion were given up for lost and
They fought their way through ' a
wall of flame, however, and tonight
joined the 200 men already fighting the
After a section ten miles square had
been burned over and three derricks
and outfits of the Henderson Oil Com
pany destroyed, the fire was gotten
under control just in time to save
the oil tanks and buildings of the
Another Are swept over Sulphur
Mountain, five miles from NordhotI, in
the OJai Valley, endangering many
NEW SPEAKERJS UNLIKELY
Champ Clark's Supporters Predict
His Continuation in Chair.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 19. Sneaker
Clark Is beginning to receive pledges
of support for re-election as presiding
head of the House in the next Con
gress. Already, 165 out of the 230
odd Democrats elected this month have
assured him of their votes and his
friends asserted tonight that his re
election was a foregone conclusion.
Mr. Clark ha been the unanimous
nominee of the Democrats for the
Speakership of the 61st, 6 2d and 63d
Congresses. and has been Speaker
since the Democrats gained control at
the beginning of the 62d Congress.
Fremont, Neb., Has Big Fire.
FREMONT. Neb., Nov. 19. Fire in
the heart of the business part of Fra
mont destroyed today four mercantile
concerns, entailing losses aggregating
(200,000, with insurance of half that
amount. Zero weather made the work
of the fire department difficult.
Lame back and an kidney and blad
der troubles will vanish by taking
Bukola Tablets. A trial will convince
you. 25c a box at all drug stores Adv.
I will sell Boys'
Regular $6 Nor
, folk Suits witjti ex
tra Knickers at
They're the best $6 Suits
that this store ever sold
full weight, warm and
ROBERTS AT REST
Monarchs and Notables Attend
MILITARY ESCORT LARGE
Hundreds of Thousands Stand In
London Streets AVlth Bared Heads
as Cortege Proceeds on Way
to Great Cathedral.
LONDON, Nov. 19 The body of Field
Marshal Lord Roberts was laid to rest
today at St. Paul's Cathedral. The Im
posing ceremonies, were attended by
K-lng George, it being the first time the
King of England has been present at
the funeral of a national hero singe
the burial of the Duke of Wellington.
Hundreds of thousands of civilians
with bared heads stood in the streets
while the great military escort pro
ceeded slowly to St. Paul's. The cortege
required an hour for its march. It was
led by the pipers of the London Scot
tish, followed by a battalion of that
organization, while the guards and bat
talions of naval detachments preceded
the Indian battery. After the caisson
came the carriages of the mourners
nd pallbearers, then a battery of the
Royal Horse Artillery, while three
battalions of cavalry, all in field Khaki.
brought up the rear.
Indian Artillery Precedes Caisson.
Preceding the caisson was a battery
of Indian artillery, given this place of
hnor because of Lord Roberts' life
long devotion to the Indian troops. His
final visit to France was for the pur
pose of welcoming the Indian contin
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Street at Fourth
gents and looking after their needs.
Tall Sikhs, their turbans wound with
khaki, and with the regulation khaki
overcoats over their picturesque cos
tumes, led the white mules of their
battery, and Indian officers, wrapped
In their khaki capes, paid silent trib
ute to their departed friend.
King George was met at the south
door of the cathedral by the Bishop of
London and the cathedral clergy and by
them conducted to a seat under the
dome near the casket.
Large Crowd Views Casket.
The service was extremely brief. The
last act after the blessing had been
given by the Archbishop of Canterbury,
was the proclamation of the late Field
Marshal's titles by the Garter King-at-arms.
Then followed Chopin's "Fu
neral March," and as the trumpeters of
the Royal Artillery sounded "taps" the
vast audience slowly dispersed.
As soon as the congregation was
clear of the building, the general pub
lic was admitted to view the catafalque,
which lay In state in the crypt. In spite
of the storm of sleet, which began early
in the day. a large crowd waited for
the privilege of the last view of the
flag-draped casket and began to file
into the cathedral before the congre
gation was out of the building.
PINK OYSTER DISCOVERED
Volunteer Poison Squad Finds ev
Bivalve to Be Delicious.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 19 Pink oys
ters . are the latest freak of nature
under investigation by experts of the
Department of Agriculture. The rosy
hued bivalve comes from Long Island
sound, looks like a regular oyster when
gathered, but turns up pink on the
plate of the ultimate consumer.
Frightened epicureans besieged the
bureau of chemistry with Inquiries and
a volunteer poison squad found the
pink oyster not oniy harmless, but de
licious. The chemists have a theory
that the oysters are turned pink either
by a wild yeast bacillus or some other
The corps of suientists which has de
cided such questions as when is an egg
an egg, is expected to find a solution
for the latest question.
of High. Quality for All Standard
TELEPHONE TAX FIXED;
0-E CEUT MUST BE ADDED TO 15- ,
CENT TOLL CHARGE.
Message Over Private Leased Wires Re
lating to Business for Which Con
tracted Are Exempt.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 19. Instruc
tions were issued tonight by the- Inter
nal Revenue Bureau designed to faclll-
tate collections of the war revenue tax .'.
on telephone and telegraph messages . ,
with as little inconvenience as possible ,
to the companies.
The companies, the instructions say,
shall make one report and one return .
as a whole in the district in which its
central office Is located. They will be
allowed to-make their returns for a
fiscal month. Jinil AHHitinns mn-tr ..
made for errors in a previous month.
Messages originating in automatic
telphone stations are subject to the tax .
1 cent on messages for which a
charge of IS cents or more is made
and the companies are left to design
their own methods of collection in such
cases. All telephone messages where
the initial rate is less than 15 cents, .
but where the overcharge makes the
amount due exceed 15 cents, are sub
ject to tax.
Messages over private leased circuits -relating
exclusively to the business for
which It was leased are exempt.
BOSTON SEES SILENT SHIP,
Vessel Refusing; Communication Is
Believed British War Vessel.
BOSTON, Nov. 19. A strange steam
ship, believed to be a British warship,
was seen today cruising off the end of
Cape Cod. She refused to answer sig
nals from the Marine observatory at
Highland Light. .
The craft appeared similar to the
Cunard liner Caronla. which, ns an
I auxiliary cruiser, which has been doing
patrol duty off the coast.
Los Angeles, San Diego