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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 17, 1914)
TTTR MOKXTNG OI?EGONIAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 17. 1914,
Entered at Portland, Oregon. Postoftice as
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PORTLAND. TUESDAY. NOT, 17. 1914,
TILE INSIDIOUS ANNUAL APPROPRIA
TIOM. The State of Oregon has one
method of appropriating money that
Inevitably leads to extravagance.
This is the custom of granting annual
or continuing appropriations. Under
this process one Legislature author
izes the expenditure annually for. an
indefinite period of a specified sum
for a particular purpose. The suc
ceeding: Legislature may repeal an
nual appropriations, but It rarely
does. They are lost sight of in . the
effort to perform a large amount of
work within a brief period.
It is possible, owing to this custom,
for a Legislature bent on economy to
be gravely deceived. Its own appro
priations may be moderate, but when
the total demands upon the treasury
and' taxpayer are footed up the an
nual appropriations authorized by
preceding sessions increase the total
and may impose upon the later body
the stigma of extravagance.
Large appropriations are encour
aged by the method in another way.
A department already having a sub
stantial annual appropriation may
needlessly seek more money for some
new activity or enlargement 'of old
functions. A few of the members of
the Legislature may be aware of the
continuing appropriation, . but usually
the majority is not informed. The
new demand seems moderate and it
is likely to be granted for that reason
without aa careful . Investigations . as
would be caused by general knowl
edge that the department iwas already
receiving annually a. large fum from
the publio treasury.
This method of encroachment on
the . cost of government is growing.
The tendency is to grant more annual
appropriations, not fewer. New ones
are added from time to time and old
ones increased. Unless the system is
soon abandoned there can be little
hope for permanent economy in the
administration of the state govern
ment. As a concrete example of annual
appropriations, the- money granted the
State Board of Health may be cited.
This department Is now conducted
wholly on the annual appropriation
basis. It receives $1000 each year
for vaccine virus, granted in 1907. It
receives 115,000 annually, granted in
1911, for payment of its secretary, his
clerks, and for incidental and gen
eral expenses. It receives J 5000 an
nually for combating, or for protec
tion against, bubonic plague, cholera
and other Asiatic contagious diseases,
the last granted in 1913. These ap
propriations or such parts of them as
are needed will be available every
year, provided some Legislature
does not affirmatively repeal or alter'
them, and the total of them is $21,000
Incidentally, but no less pointedly.
It may be mentioned that the State
Board of Health is given a free rein
In the expenditure of these appro
priations. It fixes the salary of its
secretary, decides on the amount of
assistance he needs and. designates
the pay of his helpers.
In the past two years the public
has not been aware of any Impending
danger from bubonic plague, yet since
the appropriation for protection,
against the plague was authorized
less than two years ago the State
Board of Health has expended nearly
$6000 from the sum available.
When the present State Board of
Health was created in 1903, $5000
yearly was considered ample to con
duct its labor;. The allowance was
trebled In 1911. The Board has
doubtless been of benefit to the
health and physical well being of
the people, but some of its activities
through its secretary along political
lines could readily be dispensed with
and probably the frequent bulletins
Issued for limited circulation would
not be greatly missed.
Possibly the liberality and freedom
extended the Board in the matter .of
expending public money would . be
subject to less criticism, except upon
the score of its continuing char
acter, were It not that protection and
safeguarding of the public health
do not stop with its activities. Aside
from the $42,000 the State Board
Health - has available each blennium,
the Social Hygiene Society was
granted by the last Legislature
$20,000 for prosecuting its efforts
toward healthier human bodies.
Moreover, the protection of the
public health Is not confined to di
rect dealings with the physical prob
lems of man, but extends to livestock.
There, while economic, it is also de
signed to guard the life and physical
being of the human family. Large
sums are expended by other depart-1
ments in this particular.
But primarily the money granted
the State Board of Health Is men
tioned to illustrate the insidious and
encroaching character of the annual
appropriation. The statutes are
spotted with others. No man can
determine the cost of conducting the
state government for the current
blennium by referring to the session
laws of 1913. He must go to those of
1911 and then refer back to the code
which contains laws adopted only not
later than 1909, to find it all.
The tendency of the method Is un
doubtedly toward top-heavy cost of
government. The new Legislature has
a golden opportunity to carry out its
economic reform pledges by dealing
ruthlessly with this one custom. Re
peal of every annual direct appropri
ation and establishment of every de
partment on a blennium basis after
a new and careful consideration of its
needs would be wholly proper and a
decisive step toward economy. More
over, the submission of a constitu
.tlonal amendment prohibiting future
Legislatures from restoring the meth
od of granting annual appropriations
would not be amiss.
MERELY A SUGGESTION.
Merely as an onlooker. The Orego
nian is vastly Interested in the recent
pointed suggestion of - its neighbor,
the Seattle Times, that the State of
Washington ought to be divided and
two entirely new states erected.
"Eastern Washington" (remarks the
Times) "is a dry country most of the
year, and produces hay, frtiit, grain and a
variety of vegetables and does this in great
"Western Washington is wet two-thirds
of the entire year and; Is noted for her
lumber, her fisheries, her manufsctures and
her water commerce."
The special emphasis laid by the
Times on the peculiar meteorological
characteristics of the two parts of
Oregon may or may not be signifi
cant. But it is a fact that in the re
cent election Eastern Washington
voted dry, possibly under the ' direct
influence of its arid climatic condi
tions, and Western Washington voted
wet. Yet with the aid of certain
minor western counties, the tall was
able to wag the dog.
. The County of King (Seattle) went
against prohibition by a large major
ity. . It Is in no humor to succumb to
the demands of the rest of the Btate.
But whether the dissatisfaction of
Seattle, and also of Tacoma (wet), is
sufficient provocation for dismember
ing a great state we do not pretend
to say. No sovereign state (except
Virginia) has yet been divided. The
process is not easy.
It- seems to us that an easier solu
tion would be to devise a plan to
divide the dry sheep from the wet
goats by colonizing all the former in
Eastern Washington and all the latter
in Sqattle and Tacoma. It would be
an interesting experiment.
LOBBYISTS AND PATRIOTS.
The old question "What Is a lobby
ist?" came up in the Senate when
debate on the trade commission bill
was in progress. Senator Reed in
quired of Senator Newlands about the
activity of Mr. Rubleein favor of the
Stevens trade commission bill. Mr.
Newlands described Mr. Rublee as a
disinterested citizen who was 4 work
ing for anti-trust legislation. Senators
Clapp and Walsh also said they knew
Mr. Rublee and testified to his high
character. Mr. Reed then remarked:
The term "lobbyist" seems to be one that
Is very difficult to define. It is a very
elastio term. When a man la working on
the same side of the question we are on, no
matter how active he may be, he is, of
course, a patriot, a statesman, and all other
things that are good and virtuous and ad
mirable. If he Is on the other side, he is a lobbyist,
with divers and sundry adjectives attached,
dependent In each case upon the vocsbulary
of the gentleman who is discussing him.
The Senator hit the nail on the
head, though his remarks were, in
tended to discredit Mr.. Rublee's de
fenders. It has come to the point
where no man can exert himself to
promote or prevent the passage of a
bill without being tagged as a lobby
ist and held up to obloquy. It Is Just
as conceivable that a man may strive
to influence legislation from worthy
and unselfish as from unworthy and
selfish motives. The indiscriminate
classification of both types of men as
lobbyists with opprobrious adjectives
prefixed is likely to drive the unself
ish lobbyist away from Washington,
while no amount of opprobrium will
affect the selfish.
FROM TIUTATE TO GENERAL.
While the whole world is paying
homage to the genius, bravery and
patriotism of the great British Gen
era, who died suddenly in France last
Saturday, Americans should not for
get to pay like homage to an Amer
ican General who displayed like qual
ities in no fess degree. Americans
Join Britons in mourning Earl Rob
erts; Britons may well Join Amer
icans in mourning General Adna R.
Unlike Roberts, who was the son
of a General and began as an officer,
ahd who therefore had every advan
tage to be derived-from his father's
position, Chaffee began as a private
in a cavalry regiment at the outbreak
of the Civil War and worked his way
up to the chief command of the
United States Army without any ad
ventitious aid. At the close of the
Civil War he was brevetted Captain
and during the long interval preced
ing the Spanish war promotion came
slowly, for it was not until 1897 that
he ' became TJIeutenant-Colonel, but
each of his brevets was won for brav
ery, two in the Civil War and two in
Indian wars. On one occasion he led
a cavalry charge over a rough and
precipitous bluff straight into a body
of Indians, who poured repeated vol
leys, into his soldiers, but whom, he
In the Spanish War he was made
Brigadier-General of Volunteers and
wjas in the thick of the fighting
around Santiago. He there won his
brevet as Major-General and was
marked as the man to entrust with
hazardous work. His fame was then
National, but his leadership of the
American force in the allied army
which marched to Pekin in 1900 made'
it international. He was on board a
steamer at Nagasaki, Japan, bound
for the Philippines, when he received
orders to take command of the expe
dition, and he proceeded direct to
Knowing of the peril surrounding
the Americans who were besieged
with other foreigners in the legations
at Pekin, he spared neither himself
nor his soldiers in pushing forward
with all speed. He was determined
that the American troops should not
suffer by contrast with those of our
allies, and, animated by the same
spirit, his soldiers seconded his ef
forts. The way was beset with un
known dangers and the strength of
the Boxer army was a matter of
guesswork, but Chaffee's army led the
others. The General was on the alert
day and night against surprise, and
he Has always at the point of danger.
The Chinese picked him as their tar
get, and on one occasion a shell ex
ploded at his feet. As he stood on
the wall of Pekin with missiles com
ing from four directions, Major Reilly
was killed at his side and six other
men within a few paces of him, but
he was untouched. Captain Arthur
Lee, the British military attache, said
that Chaffee's headquarters were al
ways where the fight was heaviest
and the danger greatest.
1 General Chaffee's career is an In
spiration to- every American. It
proves that opportunity is open to
every citizen who will seize It and it
is an example of devotion to duty
winning its reward. Honor will be
paid to his memory not only by
Americans, but by men in the army
of nearly every nation now at war,
who are proud to claim him as a
comrade in arms.
'Dr. Anna Howard Shaw is probably
too perfect a lady to "steamroller"
herself into office. If she were a
coarse male that term might apply
to her methods, but .being the angel
ically fragile creature she is, we must
use some other expression. Shall we
say that she rolling-pinned the oppos
There is a perceptible softening of
the world's feeling . toward Russia.
Most people in the United States have
been taught to believe that the Czar
is a ferocious tyrant and his govern
ment the direst despotism, which is
probably true in part. Perhaps little
can be said for the Russian autocracy.
It stands for everything that a civil
ized government' ought to avoid, but
one cannot speak so definitely about
the Czar himself.
He began his career, like some of
his predecessors, as an idealist. He
had real aspirations to reform the
methods of the autocracy antt elevate
his people. But unhappy circum
stances intervened to pervert his
views, and, for some years at least,
Nicholas played the tyrant to perfec
tion. . Since the war broke out he has
shown symptoms of better things.
His promises to the Poles are taken
seriously by people who are In a situ
ation to Judge accurately of his inten
tions. The. Jews who are serving in
the Russian army are said to receive
fair treatment. Their enthusiasm is
warm and their prospects seem to be
If all this la true, it indicates a
great change in the Czar and his court.
But that need not make us Incredu
lous. Human beings often change.
Nicholas may have recognized the ad-,
vantages of a reversal of . his policy
toward the Poles and the Jews. It
has been borne in upon his soul, no
doubt, that a happy and loyal popula
tion is preferable on all grounds to
one made rebellious by misery. The.
mentality of the Slavic race Is admir
able. The people are docile, kindly
Russia has produced its full share
of great literary and musical geniuses
in the last half century and has done
creditable work in science. This has
been accomplished under appalling
difficulties. What may we not ex
pect, therefore, of the Czar's subjects
when once they have obtained reason
able liberty under a civilized govern
ment?. That they will do this within
the next few years seems now as like
ly as. most human contingencies.
. WORK BEFORE CONGRESS.
Though the second session of the
Sixty-third Congress will continue for
only three months, expiring by limita
tion on March 4, 1915, it will have a
great -'amount of important legisla
tion to consider aside from the regu
lar appropriation bills. The Senate
will have before it the conservation
bills and the Philippine government
bill, which passed the House at the
last session. These measures are
fraught with so much controversy
that the Senate will do well to pass
them all in- addition to the appropria
tions without taking up new legisla
tion. But it Is morally certain that new
bills of the first importance, which
have not yet passed either house, will
be forced to the front. The bill for
Government purchase of merchant
ships through a Government-controlled
corporation will be revived.
The cotton situation has materially
improved and will continue to do so,
Judging by the present trend of
events, but the South Is likely to re
new Its demand for some plan of Gov
ernment relief to the cotton-growers.
The Democratic deficit tax may not
fulfil expectations as a revenue-producer
and plans may be pushed for
ward for further revision of the rev
enue laws. The Republicans may take
the opportunity of urging that duties
on some commodities be imposed or
raised, both as a source of revenue
and as a means of incidental protec
tion. For example, a small duty on
lumber would produce some revenue
from British Columbia imports and
would at the same time tend to re
vive the lumber industry of the Pa
The prospect of action on any of
the Important deferred legislation is
very poor. Differences of opinion
among' the Democrats on the rural
credit bill, the railroad securities bill
and the seamen's bill caused them to
be stricken from the programme at
the last session, and there is little
chance of their revival at the coming
session unless President .Wilson
should insist that one or more of
them be pushed forward to the exclu
sion of anything else. '
Unusual attention to the details of
appropriations may also prevent ac
tion on much general legislation.' The
discussion of, the new revenue law and
of Democratic extravagance during
the campaign has done much to focus j
attention on economy. The Republi- j
cans are' likely to renew their attacks
on the Administration in this regard.
A new river and harbor bill will be
Introduced and will receive the at-,
tentlon of Senator Burton and his as
sociates, who have gained confidence
and . reinforcements since their vic
tory the last session.
The session will be interesting,
though brief, for each Congressman
will try to crowd out his neighbors
and to force his own pet bills to the
fore, much as two men try to crowd
each other from a railroad ticket
MOST IMPORTANT TO THE WEST.
The most important legislation to
be considered by the Senate at the
approaching session of Congress will
be the bills providing for lease of
powersites and of Government land
containing various minerals other than
metals. These bills "are of supreme
importance to the West, and it will
become the Western Senators to exert
themselves to the utmost in modifying
the bills in such manner as to pro
tect the interests of their states.
There are three of these bills, one
relating to powersites on navigable
streams, one relating to powersites on
non-navigable streams in the "public
domain and one relating to mineral
land. "Reasonable charges" are to be
collected by the Government from les
sees of powersites on navigable streams
and are to be fixed by the Secretary
of War. Apparently they are to be
paid into the United States Treasury,
no provision being made for their
disposal. Rental from othei? power
sites and from mineral land are to be
fixed by the Secretary of the Interior
and are to be added to the reclama
tion fund. .When repaid by settlers on
reclaimed land, tney are to be divided
equally between the Government and
the state whence they are derived, the
state to use ita share In education and
This policy would perpetually with
hold . from taxation a very large pro
portion of "the area of the public-land
states in Oregon $0 per cent, in Idaho
i a still higher percentage. Until the
rentals from leases bad been expended
in reclamation and until repayment
by settlers began the states would not
derive one dollar of revenue from this
leased Government land. During the
interval the states would be called
upon to build roads and schools, to
maintain courts and to keep the
peace- in these great areas, where de
velopment would be increasing popu
lation and building- up of towns. How
long this Interval would be cannot be
estimated. Reclamation of arid land
has barely begun and may be con
tinued indefinitely. Rise in land value
may render feasible projects which are
now too costly to undertake. Hydro
electric pumps will certainly make
practicable the irrigation of land
which Is too high for watering by
gravity. The term "reclamation" -may
be extended to include drainage of
swamps. If the payment to the states
of any revenue from leases Is to be
deferred until the Government has car
ried out not only such reclamation
work as is now considered feasible,
but such as may In the future become
so, the prospect that the states will
ever receive a dollar from that source
is so dim as not to be worth considering.-
The states are forbidden to tax Gov
ernment land, but when that prohibi
tion was adopted, no man contem
plated that title "would remain perpet
ually In the Government. The estab
lished policy was to give or sell land
to individuals, whereupon it became
taxable by the states. By adopting a
new policy without safeguarding the
right of the states to derive revenue
from the land as It passes Into private
use, the Government would be creat
ing a condition which was not In the
minds of those who made the agree
ment. It would be tricking the states
out of a valuable right which they ex
pected to enjoy. It would be exercis
ing a technically legal right, but would
be acting contrary to moral right and
to public policy.
In short, justice to the states re
quires that leases of public land should
be made taxable. The states can be
trusted not to overtax them, for that
would cause abandonment of leases
and would retard . development, for
which the public-land states have been
An Englishman who rescued a
wounded German soldier was award
ed the Iron cross and was recom
mended for the Victoria cross. But,
like other great heroes, he succumbed
to his wounds before wearing his
baubles of warfare.
There Is prospect the supply of tur
keys will exceed largely the demand
under " prevailing conditions. At
points up the Valley where the bird
is raised handlers are quoting low
figures to the- producers in conse
quence. Swamps are said to have lost their
terrors to the German invasion. The
unit of the Kaiser's army is as a grain
of sand and when enough of the front
ranks are killed their bodies- make
good footing for the forces that
A municipal workhouse wherein
brooms may be made is a sensible
proposition. The price of brooms is
nearly high enough to make them. a
luxury and a great many housewives
believe they need new ones about so
When the great British super
dreadnought was torpedoed the re
mainder of the fleet left her to her
fate in' accordance with orders.' Ex
pediency, not humanity, is the first
law of the great war in Europe.
Japan, In describing her activities,
is careful not to use the term "occu
pation" in connection with the seizure
of islands in the Pacific. However,
there is no other word that describes
her action so fully.
Peace prospects in Mexico are said
to be improving. It is only to be ex
pected that the factions will Settle
down until our troops are taken away
and the plunderers and bandits are
given free rein.
Three more British fighting -vessels
sent to the bottom. The German
naval programme of picking off the
British fleet a little at a time seems
to be advancing satisfactorily.
Four sons killed in action, the
mother dead of suicide and the father
insane of grief is the record of one
German family. Oh, yes, war la a
With the war in progress. Uncle
Sam will have his hands full making
the various warships behave during
the great Canal parade.
Henry Conquest Clarke, who helped
to found the rural free delivery serv
ice, has a monument at the gate of
every farm on the line.
The demise of Earl Roberts with
the huge guns of battle tolling out his
eventful life was given an appropri
- General Goethals' report shows
that the Panama Canal cost $353,
659.049. And it may be worth it
The Russians are Imposing fines on
captured German towns. But up to
the. present the Czar hasn't gotten
rich at it.
With the elastic currency system in
operation no doubt we shall be able
to make one dollar do the work of
The Germans say Winter will help
them in dealing with Russia. They
plainly need some sort of assistance.
Peace prospects in Mexico -are
brightening to match the shine of the
carving knives of the warriors.
The allies have made another gain,
says Paris. Another 100 yards at a
cost of 10,000 lives, no doubt.
Pneumonia is developing on the
firing line. Winter will prove a valu
able ally of the bullet.
A rise of 60 per cent in the British
national debt merely makes the lion
shake his mane.
There is now enough froBt on the
"punkins." Pick 'em for pies next
The City of Eugene now has water
from a deep well that Is absolutely
Britain's machine guns will trim
the 300,000,000 Moslems.
Finished your Christmas shopping?
The Russian Drought.
By Dei Collins.
(The prohibition act In Russia be
came absolute on Monday. News
The times are rife with bitter strife
And booming gun and drum;
On every street with hasty feet
The soldiers go and come.
Oh, who'd suppose, while shots and
About the country hum.
The Russian Czar would turn from
To swat the Demon Rum?
In Petrograd, with faces sad.
The mujiks get the news;
Some ruthless chap has closed the tap
Upon the country's booze;
And by and by, with throttles dry.
Ere they their thirst can lose.
They'll have to find a tiger blln
Or bootlegs learn to use.
Moscow and Kiev, one may believe.
Will snort in thirsty wrath
Whene'er they think they've nought
Except their morning bath, m
And men will lug and hide the jug
Behind the plastered lath.
And to and fro, zigzag will go
The drug store's beaten path.
And at the front will soldiers hunt,
With thirst all parched and -dumb.
And nostrils keen. In each canteen
On which they chance to come.
In hopes to find Its inwards lined
With gin or vodka some;
And they will yell: "This war is
It's touR-h on Demon Rum."
Then and Now
One hundred and
fifty-one years ago
last Sunday two
Charles Mason and
began the sur
veying of what is
known as the
Mason and Dixon
Line between the
states of Penn
became famous as
the North and
South or between
the free or slavery
From It came
"Dixie" the cog
no m e n for the
South, which has
in song and story.
The line was sur.
veyed at the in
stance of William
Penn and Lord
three year In
making the survey
from the north
east corner to the
foot of Savage
Mountain. In 1767
the work' was
finished from the
latter point to
West Virginia. The
line is said to
have cost $300,
000 and the sur
an army of 100
axemen and a road
30 feet wide was
cut through the
dense forest. A
mixture of sand
and lime stones of
light brown gray
ish color were
brought over from
England to mark
the line and these
stones were set
up at intervals of
a mile apart
wherever It was
possible to erect
them. They weigh
ed 600 pounds and
were four and a
half feet high. On
some parts of the
line the country
was so rugged
that mounds of
dirt and rock had
to be substituted
for these stones.
Today the Mason
and Dixon Line
has been re-sur
veyed and re
marked and di
vested of its chief
tions. In 1849 a
revision of the
line was made by
a Joint commis
sion from Penn
land and Dela
ware and it was
then found that
the original sur
vey was so near
ly accurate that
the change in
volved by the cor
to less than two
acres which were
added to Mary
land. In 1903.
Maryland each ap
for the restoration
of the line. Many
of the peculiar
and the commis
sion made an ex
for them. The
an easy task, for
on breaking them
the stones emitted
a sulphurous odor.
So thorough was
the search that
some were found
in the curbing of
streets and In peo
pie's cellars. One
was taken from
the wall of . an
old stone church
where it had done
service for many
years. In the
places of those
that could not be
found new stones
or marble were set
up. On every fifth
one or these, the
coat of arms of
William Penn was
cut on the Penn
sylvanla side and
on the Maryland
siae the escut
cheon of Lord
placed. On the
others the single
monograms P. and
M. were cut. The
stones are now set
so near one an
other, even in the
that the traveler
may stand at a
stone and see the
REPRESENTATIVE APPROVES PLAN.
Mr. Dover frees Conferences of Mem
bers Before Legislature Convenes.
BURNS. Or., Nov. 13. (To the Edi
tor.) I note with approval a recent
editorial recommendation of The Ore
gonian that some definite plan of ac
tion on important measures should be
worked out by members of the Legis
lature before the opening of the ses
sion, to the end that good results may
be reached during the short working
space of 40 days.
The session of 1915 should make a
remarkable record for efficiency and
good legislation. The House will have
a larger percentage of experienced,
gifted men than any for several years.
For the first time in 12 years there will
be absent the disturbing element of a
Governor trying constantly to put the
Legislature "In the hole" and to take
revenge on politically offending mem
bey, breeding by necessity a rebellious
ana retaliatory disposition among the
This time, with the helpful sugges
tions of a business Governor, there
ought to be, and I believe there will be,
a disposition to respond in open good
faith to the wishes of the people for
economy along reasonable lines for
constructive policies and for laws that
will encourage investment, progress
Members who are situated as I am.
a long distance from Portland and
Salem, with a costly, tedious journey
intervening, cannot be present at pre
liminary conferences looking to the
shaping of events beforehand, but I
hope the members who can with con
venience reach the metropolis will join
in several gatherings for the suggested
purpose, and will keep Informed those
of us who are geographically less fa
vored. If a majority of the House Re
publicans can be assembled it would
be well to decide on a Speaker, then
announce who he is, and let each mem
ber convey to him the measures in
which an especial Interest is felt, the
preference of committee work desired,
and such other personal facts as will
enable the Speaker to make up the
standing committees on merits and
qualifications, and to announce them
the first day of organization.
Let us avoid log-rolling, minimize
the influence of special Interests, think
only of the state and its taxpayers, and
we can make a record this Winter that
will stand as an attractive example in
FRANK DAVEY, "
Joint Representative 27th District.
'Little Elisabeth's First Dream.
Little Elizabeth was telling her first
dream to her grandma and her auntie.
Her mother, who was listening, asked
her a question about it, whereupon
Elizabeth looked up wonderingly and
"Why, you were there, mamma.
Don't you 'member?"
SARTORIAL HISTORY REVEALED
Eve Was First Person to Wear "Ilar
leys," According to Chronicler.
SEASIDE. Or.. Nov. 15. (To the Edi
tor.) I was interested in reading Miss
Baer's report of the lecture delivered
by the lady who has invented the
harley," and surprised that Miss Baer
admitted that she, and a majority of
the audience, were not aware that
trousers "harley," feminine, singular
were first worn by women ages ago,
and were stolen from them by that
basest of all creatures, man.
I recall a similar Instance of lack
of information on the part of a vaude
ville singer, who, 20 years ago, gaily
"They have taken our hats, but left
us our pants.
And we ought to be thankful for that."
Unf amiltarity with sartorial history
is deplorable, but it does not excuse
modern man's boast that . he should
be allowed the sole privilege of wear
ing pants and claiming their inven
tion as part of male attire when his
tory records exactly the reverse being
When Adam and Eve were fired from
Eden and clothed in skins, a two-year-old
heifer was jerked out of her hide
and the hide was converted into two
garments by being cut in two parts
at the hips. The part containing the
hind legs was tossed to Eve, who
slipped into it and stood before her
mate clothed in the original "harley."
Adam crawled Into his part of the
skin from the lower end, thrust his
arms through the fore-leg skins, his
head through the neck opening and
stood robed and proud of his new suit.
Characteristic of man he could not
help, boasting a little by saying to
Eve, "Ah-hah! I have the better of
you." Eve, however, squelched hini
by saying, "I don't care if you have."
This explains two mooted questions,
viz: the identity of the person who
first wore trousers and the originator
of woman's having the last word.
There are other stories of ancient
costumes that would, perhaps, surprise
the auditors at the "harley" talk. For
instance, at one time in the history
of the Jewish nation about one-third
of the population. grown men and
women, wore swaddling clothes. You
know what this means. Wouldn't that
be an amusing sight today? And yet,
to the esthetic the spectacle would
be no more ludicrous than the hobble
skirt and a thousand times more con
venient. This method of dress never became
popular in Israel and was in vogue
only during the Journey through the
wilderness. It became necessary then,
as during that Journey of 40 years the
Jews had no change of raiment, yet,
according to holy writ, their clothes
did not wax old, neither did their
shoes wear out. The little fellows
that started out as babies grew to
be men and women and their diapers
grew along with them and, it is pre
sumed, no one noticed anything pe
culiar in their attire.
Truly this question of dress is an old
one and as diversified as the vagaries
of the human mind.
BEN A. CHILDERS.
THE MOTOR QUEERED HIM.
He took his best girl for a spin in his
Yo-ho, but didn't they go!
Her beauty was seven per cent above
And her face was with rapture aglow.
She snuggled close up to his heart
With expression of features that
And he sighed when she Blghed and
she sighed when he sighed
Sigh-chologically, don't you know.
Tfcre car seemed to swallow the miles
In Its night,
O, my, but didn't It fly!
Her soul seemed to float In a sea of
As the landscape flew rapidly by.
Through picturesque woodland and
long rustic lane
They flew with the speed of a limited
A speed that an eagle could never at
tain. Though Its wings possessed multi
"How typical this of our future, my
Through life with never a Jar;
We'll spin o'er .life's highway in Joy
side by each
In the flower-decked marital car.
As faithful to you will my heart ever
As this motor that pulses with such
O, you'll find a devoted love chauf
feur in me."
And thrilled with desire was his
The motor here lost Its desire to mote.
Stopped dead as an Ingot of lead.
And he scowled like a demon and
peeled off his coat,
' While wicked thoughts peopled his
He cranked and he cranked, till his
crank arm was sore.
Then rested a minute and cranked 'er
But the motor gave not e'en a gaseous
Preferred deadly silence instead.
He clawed at Its vitals, his efforts
Hard luck, for keeps it had struck.
His hands and his face and his shirt
front were soiled
" With black oleaginous muck.
Forgot he the presence of she In the
And his language would raise Colonel
Swore like a mad trooper lead-punctured
At the blankety-blankety luck!
"A future forecast!" and her toning
' was rough.
And. O, Lawd, dark was her frown,
"If your love's as this motor, here's
where I get off!"
And she lifted the skirt of her gown
And hopped from the car while he
stood in dismay.
As mute as the engine, pray, what
could he say?
As he watched his lost love as she
Hitting up the high places for town?
JAMES BARTON ADAMS.
Trouble of Childhood.
ASTORIA. Or., Nov. 15. (To the Edi
tor.) I have noticed the published
pictures of children whose photos are
to be placed in the Temple of Childhood
at the San Francisco Fair, and I wish
to ask you to kindly send me the name
of the person who has charge of select
ing the photos.
MRS. C. W. HOLMES.
For full Information and requirements
address Temple of Childhood, Under
wood building, San Francisco. Send
with Inquiry statement regarding child's
age, weight, height, condition of health,
complexion, name of parents, etc. If
you have a photo of the child send It
with the letter. Write child's name and
address on photo. If they make the
entrance they will send you full details
and an order for a new photograph at
their special photographer in Portland.
Scorn for .a S10 Per Week Lover.
Kansas City Journal.
"Why does that young woman grin
so every .time she sees you?"
"She knows I'm getting only $10 a
"But why the grin?"
"I was engaged' to her once and
broke it off, and she afterward married
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian, November 15, 1SS.
William H. Gray, the pioneer so well
known to all old residents, died yes
terday at the home of his son-in-law.
Jacob Kamm, in this city. He came to
Oregon first in 1836. in company with
Dr. and Mrs. Marcus Whitman. and
Rev. and Mrs. H. H. Spalding. He was
one of the first committee of nine or
ganized to govern the territory.
Edison's latest improved talking
phonograph, Lilian Weston Curtis, only
child in the world. born without eyes,
and H. G. Kennedy, champion bicycle
rider of the world, are among the at
tractions at the New Wonderland Mu
see, 49 Morrison street.
Boston. Nov. 14. John L. Sullivan,
champion of the world, has made up his
mind to ignore the challenge and let
ters issued by Dominick McCaffery. of
Peter Esser, the State Food Commis
sioner, and Dr. James Wlthycombe. a
veterinary surgeon. have announced
their intention of investigating the sale
of alleged impure milk in East Port
land. Olympia. Nov. 14. The city was
thrown into a flutter of excitement to
day by the publication of a letter in
sinuating that Watson C. Squire had
pledged himself, in event of his elec
tion, to support H. G. Struve, of Se
attle, for United States Judge. Ex-Governor
Squire denies the report.
Chief Joseph, of the Nez Perces, and
Interpreter Arthur R. Chapman, ar
rived in the city yesterday. Joseph will
visit the Cyclorama this afternoon in
company with General Gibbon.
The board appointed by Congress
man Hermann to examine candidates
for West Point have forwarded their
report to him. The committee consists
of General William Kapus, Professor
I- W. Pratt, and Dr. R. Glisan.
Vicksburg. Miss., Nov. 14. Informa-'
tion was received In this city today
that ex-President Jefferson Davis is se
riously 111 at his Brierfleld plantation
in Davis Bend.
Yesterday 15 deeds, aggregating $21.
256. were filed, making the total num
ber of deeds filed since the first of the
month 217. value of the transactions.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonlan, November 16, 1S64.
J. it. Klrkpatrick, of Owyhee; Samuel
E. May, Secretary of State, and L R.
Moores, late Speaker of the House of
Representatives, were recent callers at
The grand Jury yesterday Indicted
Madison Bledsoe on a charge of mur
der in the first degree. In the case of
La d-d & Tilton versus Harkness, judg
ment was rendered for tho sura of
A kettle weighing 2400 pounds, and
nearly seven feet in diameter, was re
cently cast in at the Oregon Iron
Works, for the new soap factory of
Mr. Higgins, on Front street. It was
the heaviest cauldron ever cast in the
Captain John H. Couch, the obliging
United States Inspector of steamboat
hulls, has placed us under obligations
for valuable favors.
Joseph Hall, of Canyon City, and Mrs.
Maryetta Grimes, of Milwaukle, were
married in Vancouver, Wash.. Novem
ber 4. Justice P. S. Smith performed the
Ellen, the youncest daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. D. F. Harrington, died yes
terday at the home of her parents. She
was seven months old. The funeral will
take place from the home at 2 o'clock
New York. Nov. 12. The Richmond
Sentinel of November 9 says that a
large fleet of Ironclads are in the
James River, below Dutch Gap. It is
rumored that Grant contemplates a
movement on Wilmington.
Another fine play Is offered tonight
at the Willamette Theater. We should
like to see the company greeted by a
The Eastern periodicals have Just be
gun to arrive by mail at the Mercan
tile Library rooms. The first invoice of
books is looked for on every steamer.
A team and truck, owned by Frank
Hornstrum, a drayman, were lost off
the Stark-street ferry yesterday after
noon. The boat pushed into the stream
when the wagon was about half way up
the apron. The truck dragged the team
into the river and they were drowned.
LAW HAY INCREASE TAX BURDEN
Port Employment of Pilots Makes Port
Responsible for Damages.
PORTLAND. Nov. 18. (To the Edi
tor.) As the Legislature is soon to
convene, would It not be well to
amend the Port Commission law to
the extent that the portion pertain
ing to employing pilots by commissions
of ports be stricken out? As now, port
commissions are empowered to employ
pilots, and by so doing throw all dam
age cases onto the taxpayers of respec
tive 'ports when damage Is done
through the act of the pilot so employed
by port commissions. Damage can be
easily done by carelessness or unquali
fiedness of a pilot. If the pilots were
permitted to operate and handle their
own business under state regulation the
damage to ships by reason of such care
lessness would not fall upon taxpayers
of respective ports as now.
The Port of Portland is now having
some damage cases which will run into
thousands of dollars should the courts
decide against the port, and who must
pay for same? Only the taxpayers.
This is a vital matter to the tax
payer, and it seems but proper that
the said service should be segregated
from any port commission, and let the
pilots stand on their own footing.
Who knows but what at some time
port commissions may be composed of
men who care for nothing and em
ploy Inferior and unqualified persons
for pilots, and with such power dam
ages will pile upon the taxpayer by
reason of their carelessness?
What ports in the world outside of
Oregon have such laws and powers in
the hands of port commissions and the
right to throw the burden upon the tax
payer to maintain a pilotage service
when the service is well able to take
care of itself, properly managed?
x Bus ness in the Making
President Wilson recently de
clared his belief that "good busi
ness was in the making and to be
Every day the industrial outlook
Is brightening for the whole North
Crops are bountiful, prices are
high, the entire world Is demanding
our goods. .
Now Is the time to go after pros
perity. Now is the time to seek sales ag
gressively and now is the time to
advertise In the newspapers.
Business "is in the making." and
there is no better medium to make
it than newspaper advertising.