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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 16, 1914)
VOL. LIV. NO. 1G,841.
IS LEFT TO FATE
Oiher Dreadnoughts Sail
on as Audacious Is Hit.
ADMIRALTY ORDER OBEYED
Destruction Begun by Mine
Completed by Guns of
TORPEDOES FIRST FEARED
Man on Liner Olympic Tells of
Rescue of Crew and Ef
fort to Save Ship.
NEW YORK, Nov. 15. Two men
who saw the British snperdread
nought Audacious lying helpless in
a heavy sea some 27 miles northwest
of Lough Swilly shortly after she
had struck a mine on October 27,
arrived here today on the steamer
New York from Liverpool. They
confirmed the stories of the loss of
. the warship that had previously
reached here and added numerous
One statement they made was that
the Audacious might have been float
ing today had she not been blown tip
by the British cruiser Liverpool at
9 A. M. on the day she was disabled
through striking the mine.'
Liner's Musicians Tell Story.
The men who told the story were
James R. Beames, leader of the or
chestra on the White 1 Star liner!
Olympic which rescued the crew of
the Audacious and made fruitless ef
forts to tow the battleship to" shoal
water, and Hugh Griffiths, one of
the orchestra's musicians.
The story of Beames, who was
helped from time to time by Griffiths,
was substantially as follows:
"We sighted land at lo A. M. on
Tuesday, October 27. The land was
.Tory Island. An hour later we went
below, when one of the stewards came
to our quarters and said: 'You'd bet
ter get up on deck and see those two
lovely warships.' The passengers
soon got wind of the presence of war
vessels and there was much uneasi
ness among them.
Battleship Seen in Distress.
"As soon as the steward told us
about the warships we ran np on
deck. The day was dark and cloudy
and a stiff westerly breeze was blow
ing. Off our starboard side we saw
a big battleship down at the stern and
heavy seas breaking over her. She
was flying the code flag of the letter
'N,' which is a distress signal.
"As we approached, the other war
ship, which we learned later was the
cruiser Liverpool, came over to us and
at high speed crossed our bows,
hardly had she crossed when she
turned and recrossed, and kept np
this sort of movement for a half
hour. It seemed at first as if she
were trying deliberately to keep in
the way of the Olympic as a means of
making her stop. .
Small Warship Unable to Aid.
"It was said on board later, how
ever, that this performance was for
the purpose of clearing the way for
the White Star ship, which at that
time was the only agent in those
waters capable of towing the Auda
cious to a shoal haven. Neither the
Liverpool herself nor the other small
warships that had steamed to the
work of rescue was capable of saving
"It was decided instantly that the
Liverpool could better risk hitting a
mine than could the Olympic, which
was later to tow the Audacious, and
for this reason the Liverpool made
her maneuver ahead of the Olympic
as a feeler for mines.
"Hardly had the Liverpool cut
across our bow when the order was
given to man the starboard lifeboats.
More volunteers answered than the
boats could accommodate, and when
it came time for action the Olympic's
(Conducted on Fags 4.)
LOSDOX, Nov. 10. A Copenhagen
dispatch to tme Dally Mall says It la
learned from Berlin that the Russians
are Imposing fines on the conquered
East Prussian towns corresponding to
the German fines imposed on Belgian
LOJTDOJT, Nov. 15. The Secretary of
the Admiralty announces the success of
operations against the Turkish garri
son at Sbelkn-Said, on the Strait of
Babel-Mandeb, at the entrance of the
Gulf of Agen, and of the occupation of
the Turkish forts at Turba by Indian
troops, assisted by the British cruiser
Dlkt of Edinburgh.
BERLIN', Nov. 15, by Wireless to Say
vllle, N. Y. The French Governor-General
of Algeria, General Charles F.
Lutaud, has openly declared his inten
tion of sending German' prisoners of
war to Southern Algeria, although the
climate In the south of Algeria Is most
dangerous for Europeans.
BERLIN, Nov. IS, by Wireless The
German press Is highly Indignant over
reports of the treatment of the ambu
lance corps of the German hospital ship
Ophelia, which was captured by the
British. Soldiers escorting the ambu
lance prisoners did not protect the lat
ter from the Insults of a mob.
BERLIN, Nov. 14, by Wireless to Say
vllle, L. I. (Delayed in transmission.)
The French papers report Paris Is In
want of coal, the French northern coal
districts being In part occupied by Ger
mans, AMSTERDAM, Nov. 15. The Handels
blad aays that during the first ten
days of November 6000 loaves of bread,
bought with funds raised by toll
levied on pedestrians and vehicles en
tering Mallnes, Belgium, were dis
tributed among the poor of that city.
PETROGRAD, Nov. 15. Tht munici
pality of Moscow having expressed to
the Emperor sentiments of fidelity and
devotion on the occasion of the war
with Turkey, the Emperor haa replied
thanking the people of the ancient cap
ital, lie declared that Russia never
would agree to peace so long aa the re
sistance of the enemy had not been
BERLIN, via London. Nov. The
Chief of Police of Frankfurt-on-Maln
announces that all subjects of hostile
nations, Including citizens of the Brit
ish colonies, without respect to age or
sex, must leave the township brrtprr
November 24. They must appear before
the Chief of Police prior to November
17 to Inform him of their presence and
to Indicate the place to which they de
sire to move.
BERLIN,, via London. Nov. 15 Offi
cial denial la given to the story ema
nating from n Russian source that the
Russians between October 23 and No
vember 5 captured 22.000 Germans, to
gether with 100 cannon and four howlt
sers. GERMANS REWARD ENEMY
Briton Receives Iron Cross for Hu
manity and Bravery.
LONDON, Nov. 15. A Paris dispatch
to the Central News says:
"During the recent fighting the Ger
man troops, after a fierce charge, re
treated, carrying all the wounded ex
cept one man. A British officer who
went out to bring In the wounded sol
dier was himself wounded, but man
aged to drag the German soldier to
shelter, where later both were picked
up by a German ambulance.
"As a reward for his bravery and
humanity the British officer received
the Iron Cross from the German com
manding officer. He was sent back to
his own trenches, where he was recom
mended for the Victoria Cross, but suc
cumbed to his wounds."
WOMAN KODAKS HOLDUP
Picture Will Insure In Trial or Stage
BILLINGS, Mont., Nov. 15. Charles
Erpenbach. a wealthy rancher of
Northern Idaho, Is to be tried at the
next term of the Federal Court in
Sheridan. Wye. on the charge of hav
ing held up a number of stage coaches
In Yellowstone Park last Summer and
robbing the passengers. The holdup
was the most sensational In the history
of the park. Setting of the case on a
change of venue brought to light the
secret indictment of Erpenbach by a
Federal grand Jury at Lander some
weeks ago. A kodak picture, taken by
one of the robber's women victims,
will. It Is understood, figure in the evi
dence. ITALY REGULATES IMPORTS
Royal Decree Aimed at Speculation
in "Wheat Going to Tentons.
ROME, Nov. 15. A royal decree has
been Issued providing that no goods
whose exportation from Italy is pro
hibited can be sent to Italy from
abroad for the purpose of reexporta
tion to a foreign country unless the
goods originally were addressed to
such foreign country.
This decree aims especially to prevent
speculation in American wheat, which
is sent to Italy, where it is bought at a
high price by Swiss speculators, who
forward it to Germany and Austria.
COTTON PLANTER WHIPPED
Nlghtriders Inflict Penalty for Sale
at Less Than Ten Cents. ,
ARDMORE, Okla., Nov. 15. Because
he is said to have sold a bale of cotton
for less than 10 cents a pound, the
price fixed throughout Southern Okla
homa, Joshua Samuels, a small cotton
grower in Carter County, was whipped
by masked men early today.
He was called from his home and
beaten with a piece of rope soaked in
PORTLAND. OREGON. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1914.
GUfJS BOOfrl NEAR AS
EARL ROBERTS DIES
Aged Warrior Passes
Amid Loved Troops.
ILLNESS AND DEATH SUDDEN
End Closely Follows Review of
Indian Forces at Front.
ALL BRITAIN IS GRIEVED
Touching References Made to Ex
piration of Famous General at
AH Churches at Training
Camps of Soldiers.
LONDON. Nov. 15. The death of
Field Marshal Eari tcoberts last night
at the headquarters of the British ex
peditionary forces in France, was ex
tremely sudden. He was In his usual
good health wien he left England
Wednesday with his riaue-h tr' 'ijiiv
Aileen Roberts, and his son-Lh-law,
"aajor liCwin. i
The party had a rough trip crossing
the channel, but the aged General felt
no ill effects and went through with
his programme on the Continent. In
fact he was about to return home
when death came.
Slight Chill First Symptom.
Earl Roberts ' had motored to the
British bases asd camps, had reviewed
the Indian troops and had conferred
with the leading officers. It was not
until about dinner time Friday that he
complained of a slight chill. As he
was subject to trifling chest troubles
he followed his usual course and went
to bed early. As his temperature in
creased medical men were called In
and pronounced his condition critical.
They relieved the General of his pain
and he fell asleep.
Death came in his sleep.
Country Profoundly Grieved.
The passing of the great warrior
has created profound grief throughout
the country At all churefaea- anrf- Ih
the soldiers' training camps touching
reierences were made to his death to
day. In a telegram to Lady Roberts, Field
Marshall Sir John French in the name
of the army serving In France ex
pressed -deep sympathy, saying: .
"Your grief is shared by us who
mourn the loss of a much-loved chief,
as he was called. It seems fitter to
the ending of the life of a great sol
dier that he should have passed away
in the midst of the troops be loved so
well and within the sound of the guns."
Death Shocks Royal Pair. 1
King George and Queen Mary were
greatly shocked by the news that Field
(Concluded on Page 2.)
"HE WENT RIGHT IN,
I " ' o
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 4b
degrees; minimum. 38 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; easterly winds.
Passengers on Olympic describe sinking of
super-dreadnougbt Audacious. Page 1.
Paris reports Germans thrown back on
Yser Canal. Page 1.
Passing of Field Marshal Earl Roberts Is
within sound ot guns in battle. Page 1.
Neutrality rules for Panama. Canal promul
gated. Page 3.
Japan careful to avoid term "occupation'- re
ferring to capture of German possessions.
Veteran Africanders In England minimise
seriousness of rebellion. Page 2.
Fifteen German pioneers bold Mama bridge
by ruse. Pago 2.
Germans count on Winter to aid them In
advance into Russia. Page 8.
Serbs and Montenegrins reported repulsing
Austrlans at several points. Page 2.
French report Germans driven back from
right bank of Yser Canal. Fags 4.
Peace prospects In Mexico said to im
prove, page 8.
New Federal reserve banking system to go
Into effect today. Page L.
Goethal's report shows Panama Canal cost
$353,509,049. Page 11.
Candidates for President In 1916 will be
nominated by conventions In same old
way. Page 5.
Dr. Anna Shaw to serve notice today on
opponents they either must acquiesce In
blacklist policy or withdraw from Na
tional suffrage association Page S.
Chicago stock yards strain opened. Page S.
Roscoe Fawcett thinks Washington will con
tinue to hold .football title. Page 10.
Upsets and true football form Intermingled
In Saturday's contests. Page 10. ,
Chadboame not expected by Beavers, who
cannot meet his price.. Page lO.
Willamette Valle Southern rushes work for
early operation of trains. Page 12. .
Mill City maa shot by wife dies; woman
slips from posse and surrenders at Al
bany. Paire 5.
Portland aad Vicinity.
Play pointing to moral at Baker makes hit
with audience. Page 14.
Five Chinese now held for participation In
tong war. Page 8.
Pastor of Rose City Park Methodist Church
finds text In "Keeping Up With Lizzie." a
recent novel. Page 9.
Associate! Charities will open grocery de
partment to assist, those In need. Page 8.
Board busy on preparation of school budget
for year. Page 4.
New films at moving-picture theaters are
gams. Page 14. ,
Boy highwayman captured is believed to be
responsible for holdups of ten women
recently. Page 8.
Legislature expected to fix penalties for
"bootlegging." Page 11.
College women plan home like man's uni
versity club. Page 0.
Carriers on way for outgoing cargoes to
relieve dock congestion soon. Page 11.
City Attorney says those guilty of recall
frauds may be prosecuted as forgers.
"A Pair of Sixes" keeps Helllg audience
merry through every act. Page 14.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 11.
AFGHANS . WILL AID TURKS
Khedive of Egypt Reported to Have
Vowed Loyalty to Saltan.
BERLIN. Nov. 14, via Wireless to
Sayvllle. N. Y. (Delayed in transmis
sion.) It is officially announced here
that Constantinople reports that the
Ameer of Afghanistan has decided to
declare war on Russia and Great
The Khedive of Egypt declared to
the correspondent of the Frankfurter
Zcltung his loyalty to the Sultan,
which was dictated by his religious
obligations. The Khedive Intends to
accompany the Turkish army which is
marching on Egypt.
HE TURNED AROUND AND CAME
BANKS OPEN TODAY
Elastic Money System
CHANGE FIRST IN 50 YEARS
Entrance Into Field of Redis
count Is Epochal.
NEW NOTES ARE ORDERED
Evolution. However, Still Will Be
Slow and Full Functions Will
Not Be Exercised lor Sev
era I Weeks More.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 15 With the
opening tomorrow of the 13 Federal re
serve banks. the Nation will begin ac
tual operation ot its new currency
system, designed to provide an elastic
circulating medium based on modern
ideas of finance and economics.
It has taken the reserve bank organ
ization committee and the Federal Re
serve Board almost 12 months to work
out details of -organization to the point
where an opening date was chosen.
Notwithstanding careful deliberations
which preceded every preliminary step,
the 12 banks will not for many weeks
take up and exercise all the functions
bestowed upon them by Congress. Such
evolution as will result from the old
National banking system of necessity
will in most respects be slow.
System Is Compromise.
The new system Is generally con
ceded to be a compromise between a
central, bank and the present system
with its thousands of units, scattered
reserves and fixed limits of currency.
Its chief attraction and value those who
Interpret it find in the elasticity it will
give to recognized paper currency.
Under the present law National bank
currency is almost a fixed quantity,
based upon National bank capital. Is
sued upon United States bonds and un
responsive to the chill of . hard times
nr the exultation of boom days. Its use
led. the experts Bay. to unrestricted
loans and speculation, in the days when
money was easy, and to a hoarding .of
resources and a tigntening of the purse
strings of credit when they were hard.
It la said to have bred the panic of
1907, when solvent banks with large
credits in reserve and central leserve
cities were helpless.
Bank Notes May Be Supplanted.
Under the new system the Federal
reserve notes, which. In time, probably
will entirely replace the National bank
notes, now so familiar, will be Issued
on commercial paper arising out of
actual business transactions. It seems
plain that they will rise and fall In
(Concluded on Page 8.)
RIGHT OUT AGAIN.'
Sunday's War Moves
AFTER four weeks of most desper
ate fighting; there is a lull in the
battle in Flanders. With this lull,
however, has come little relief for
the men in the trenches, as the artil
lery and rifle fire to which they have
been subjected with hardly any inter
mission has been replaced by one of
those severe storms which so often ac
company November In this latitude.
In some parts of England the storm
has reached the proportions of a bliz
zard; 'on the sea a heavy gale rages
and the battlefields are getting their
full share of wind and rain.
For the most part the opposing ar
mies have been content to shell each
other at long range, but the Germans
have made several attacks round
Ypres. which, according to the French
general staff, have been repulsed with
heavy losses. Despite these losses, it
is believed that the Germans have no
intention of giving up their attempt to
reach the French coast and the allies
are making elaborate preparations to
block any farther advance in force.
Extensive defense works have been
erected along the Yser canar, and the
French armies are holding that line
from the Belgian border south to the
river Oise and pushing forward ap
proach works which place them in a
better position for either defense or
The Germans report that they have
taken a few hundred British and
French prisoners, but that the un
favorable weather has Impeded their
progress. Concerning the fighting
around Dixmude, the public must rely
on unofficial reports. Here. It is said,
the Germans are finding the destroyed
village a death trap. They have been
unable to debouch from this point in
the day time, as all the approaches are
commanded by the allies' guns, and
night attacks have met with disaster.
The fact is apparent that neither
side has been able to make any appre
ciable advance, both being so well en
trenched that neither artillery nor in
fantry can move them.
The Germans are turning Belgium
Into a fortress, which means that if
they do not succeed in advancing they
intend to be prepared for a Winter In
Belgium. The whole coast from Os
tend to the Dutch border has been
placed in a state of flefense and civil
ians are rigorously excluded from that
Fighting continues in East Prussia
and other regions in the eastern arena
between the Russians and the Germans
and Austrlans. but without any decisive
result, according to the Berlin official
A battle of some proportions is going
on between the Russians and Turks at
Koprukeui, in the Caucasus, the result
of which may have a marked effect on
the war in that part of the world.
Elsewhere In the Near East there haa
been no engagement of importance.
England, it is announced, has no In
tention of undertaking any military
operations in Arabia except for the
protection of Arab interests against
Turkish or other aggression or in sup
port of attempts by the Arabs to free
themselves from Turkish rule.
Bulgaria also has set at rest the re
port that she had an agreement with
Turkey, and has issued a statement
that no such agreement exists.
Servians and Montenegrins, who
started out to Invade Bosnia and Herze
govina and were at one time approach
ing the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo, are
back In their own territory, where, ac
cording to their own accounts, they are
offering a stubborn resistance to the
Austrlans. The weather is favorable to
them, as snow Is falling.
The Scandinavian countries and Hol
land are much exercised over the sow
ing of mines where they endanger neu
tral vessels. That the mines are In
great number is shown by the fact
that dozens are being driven on the
Dutch coast by the prevailing storm.
Sir Gilbert Parker will question Pre
mier Asqulth tomorrow in the House
of Commons on this and other matters
of importance to neutral countries, and
It Is understood that the Premier will
make a statement regarding the sowing
of mines, the searching of neutral ves
sels for enemy reservists, and the treat
ment of shipments of oil and copper
which are destined for Germany and
Austria through neutral countries.
FAMILY WRECKED BY WAR
Mother Kills Self and Father Goes
Insane When Four Sons Fall.
GRASS VALLEY. Cal.. Nov. 15.
(Special.) Four sons killed In a battle,
the mother & suicide and ts.e father in
sane, is the fate of the fitmily of S.
Neuberger, of this place, according to a
letter Just received from Germany.
The young men answered the first
call to arms and fell about at the same
time in one of the early battles ot the
European war. When the news of their
deaths reached home, the mother com
mitted suicide and the father became
insane, and now wanders over the
country, placing flowers on every hill
ock, thinking it the grave of one of
FRENCH WIN RADIO BATTLE
Eiffel Tower Repulses Wireless At
tack From Germany.
PARIS. Nov. 15. (Special.) The
German wireless tower at Nauen. be
tween Berlin and Hamburg, which is
200 meters high, today Bent four lines
of German poetry to the Eiffel tower
and asked the French operators where
the Germans had been beaten, adding
that the news sent out by the Eiffel
tower was scanty and untrustworthy
, The Eiffel, tower replied with 14
rhymed lines, also in German, asking
why the Germans had not kept their
promise to dine in Paris on Sedan Day.
They also chaffed the operators at
Nauen on the German's "fine tele
graphic victories." The Nauen station
did not reply.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ALLIES IKE GAIN
OH BANK OF CANAL
Paris Report Says.
SMALL WOOD IS RECAPTURED
Day Characterized Chiefly by
ADVANCES ARE REPULSED
French Say Erforts of Enemy In
Last Few Days Have Resulted
Only in Taking of Dixmude,
Which Is Hard to Defend.
PARIS. Nov. 13. An excellent im
pression was created here by today's of
ficial communication, announcing that
the German trops had been driven to
the right bank of the Yser Canal after
they had resisted for several days all
efforts to dislodge them from the left
It is officially announced that the
German attack in the vicinity of Ypres
with powerful compact bodies of men,
who displayed great energy In pushing
home their futile attempts, resulted In
great casualties among them. Their in
effectual attempts to break the allies'
resistance, according to an official an
nouncement, cost them thousands of
casualties, as well as many men made
Companies Mnck Reduced.
One detachment of 120 Germans cap
tured Is declared to have been all that
remained of 1000 men who started to
fight in the morning. Some of the
prisoners. It is said, declared that com
panies of the Prussian Guard and of
the Second Bavarian Corps, which had
been brought up to their full war
strength of 250 men early In November,
now numbered only from 50 to 100 men.
The nature of the battle was such
that the positions of the combatants
were within a few yards of each other,
and the Germans .were compelled to
withdraw their guards and sentinels
Into their trenches for shelter.
Allies' Progress Slow.
The official reports say the progress
of the allies was slow but continuous.
The following official communication
was Issued by the War Office tonight:
"The most notable Incident of tha
day has been the throwing back of tha
enemy on the right bank of the Yser
Canal. That part of the left bank
which the Germans previously held had
been completely evacuated. '
"We have retaken to the south of
Btxschoote a small wood which had
been lost following a night attack.
Attack South of Ypres Palls.
"At the end of the day the enemy
had shown without success an offen
sive to the south of Yprea.
"On the rest of the front there is
nothing to report."
The afternon official statement fol
lows: "Yesterday, relatively a quiet day on
the whole front, was characterized prin
cipally by artillery combats. The Ger
mans, however, again attempted sever
al attacks to the north, east and south
of Ypres. They were all repulsed with
considerable losses to them.
Defense of Dlxmnde Difficult.
"To sum up: All the efforts made
by the Germans during the last several
days have resulted only In the capture
of the ruined village of Dixmude, whose
isolated position on the right bank of
the canal rendered its defense diffi
cult. "Between the Lys and the Oise. the
pushing forward of approach works
has continued along the greater part
of the front.
"On all the remainder of the front to
Lorraine and in the Vosges, there was
artillery firing and minor actions
GERMAN'S CLAIM SLIGHT GAIN
Several Hundred French and British
BERLIN, via London, Nov. 15. Ger
man general headquarters reports as
"The fighting on our ' right wing
made only slight progress yesterday,
owing to the unfavorable weather, but
In the course of a difficult prelim
inary encounter we captured several
hundred French and British soldiers
and two machine guns.
"In the forest of Argonne, we suc
ceeded in . blowing up and captured a
strong French point of support.
"The report of the French that they
had dispersed a German division at
Colncourt, department of Meurthe-et-Moselle,
to the south of-Tarfal, Is an
invention. On the contrary, the French
suffered considerable losses here, while
we did not lose a single man.
"In the East the fighting continues
on the East Prussian frontier and In
Russian Poland without any definite
decision being reached."
TROOPS DEVELOP PXECMOXIA
Fog Alternating With Heavy Rains
Cause Much Sickness.
THIELT, Belgium, via The Hague
and London. Nov. 15. The Germans
have not yet succeeded in crossing the
Yser In front of Dixmude, and since
that town has been entirely destroyed.
(Concluded on Page 4.)