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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TIIE MORNING OREGONTAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER G, 1914.
Artillery From Antwerp, Infan
try From Near Ypres, Are
Thrown at Allies on West.
BITTER BATTLE DEVELOPS
British Observer Says Enemy, in
Spite of Previous Iosses, Con
tinues Offensive Move
ment Without Ceasing.
LONDON, Nov. 5. The following: de
scriptive account which has been com
municated by an eye-witness present
with the general headquarters con
tinues and supplements the narrative
published November 3 of the move
ments of the British force and of the
French armies in immediate touch with
' "November 1, in spite of the great
losses which they suffered on their at
tacks last week, the Germans have
continued their offensive toward the
west almost continuously during the
five days from October 26 to 30. Oppo
site us it has gradually grown in inten
sity and in extent of application as
' more men and guns have been brought
up and pushed into the fight and it
1, has developed in the most bitterly con--'
tested battle which has been fought in
' the western theater of the war.
German Artillery Reinforced.
"The German artillery has to a large
extent been Increased by that trans
f ferred from around Antwerp. As re
ft gards infantry, it is possible that some
4 of the aditional troops now appearing
on our front have been made available
by relaxation of the pressure against
our allies to the north of Ypres, caused
by the desperate and successful resls-
tance made by the latter, by the ha
rassing nature of the artillery fire
brought to bear by our ships against
the strip of country along the coast and
by the flooding of the area along the
"A detached post, which was attack
ed in force in the night, drove back its
; assailants, who left 66 dead behind.
. Allies' Position Readjusted.
"Near our left the Germans developed
a strong attack on the section of our
line to the east of Ypres. Though sup
ported by a great mass of artillery,
' this was checked, but it had two re
sults. One was that our position was
readjusted and the other was that our
extreme left alone advanced in con
y! junction with some of our allies.
" "On Tuesday, the 27th, the Germans
rather focused their principal attention
on our right center and right and most
desperate fighting took place for the
possession of Neuvechappele. In spite
of repeated counter-attacks on our
right the enemy during the day man
aged to hold onto the northern part of
the village, which he had gained the
"Toward evening we had gradually
j regained part of the place by step-by-j
step fighting, when fresh hostile rein
forcements were brought up and the
entire village was captured by the
Village Fighting; Murderous.
' (; "They made several assaults against
. our whole front south of the Lys, but
with the exception of their success at
Neuvechappele won no advantage. The
combat for that place, as is usually
the case with village fighting, was of
a most murderous description. It is
believed that the enemy's losses in this
quarter of the field generally were
great. Officers who were observing
their advance report the effect of our
rifle and gunfire on the Germans was
stupendous, and that they had to
throw corpses of their own men out of
their trenches as they came on in or
der to obtain cover.
"Four successive attacks were made
each by different regiments and in this
way the whole of one division was en
gaged piecemeal in about the same lo
cality. The last of these regiments
has now been practically disposed of,
and according to prisoners their con
, dition is deplorable.
, "North of the river our center was
subjected to a heavy shell fire from
pieces of various sizes. Our guns were
Dy no means idle, and one of our Da-
trols found 11 Germans dead and one
rendered unconscious by fumes in a
farm on which they had observed one
of our lyddite shells detonate."
i Indiana Distinguish Themselves.
"Towards pur left the readjustment
of our line, commenced on Monday, was
j: completed and some redistribution of
v strength was effected on the extreme
left. The ground gained at Neuve
chappele was again the scene of desper.
ate fighting on Wednesday, the 28th,
Some of. our Indian troops greatly dis
tinguished themselves by a well-conducted
counter attack by which they
drove the Germans out of the greater
part of the place with the bayonet. On
emerging from the village, however,
they were exposed to a concentrated
fire of machine guns and had to remain
content with what they had gained
"On the left during the morning the
enemy made attacks under cover of
the usual bombardment, but each was
repulsed with great slaughter. One of
our trenches was carried and then, re
covered after a loss - of 200 dead had
been inflicted on the enemy.
"On our center, north of the Lys,
nothing of particular moment occurred.
On the extreme left our advance was
not pressed and the enemy remained
in possession of Becelaere. A night
attack by them was repulsed. The next
day the centers of pressure were for
the foremost part on our two flanks,
south of the Lys.
Effect of Trench Mortar Kelt.
"On our right the Germans delivered
en assault which failed in front of one
battalion. They are estimated to have
left between 600 and 700 dead, while
not far off a trench into which they
had penetrated was captured by us at
an expense of 70 killed and 14 pris
"In the center little took place
worthy of special record. A few Ger
mans came in and surrendered volun
tarlly. In this quarter we experienced
for the first time in the Northern field
f the war the action of the trench
, mortar. It has a range of some 500 or
600 yards and throws a bomb loaded
with high explosive weighing up to
200 pounds, and fired from an extreme
elevation from the bottom of a pit in
"About midnight our line was at
tacked in two places. One of these ef
forts did not mature, as the ground
over which the German infantry had to
advance was well swept by our guns.
In this case the asasult was carried out
against one of our brigades by a force
of some 12 battalions.
Assault Near Ypres Repulsed.
"With self-restraint our m.n ti1f
their fire until the attackers got quite
close and then drove them back with
a loss of 200 killed. The enemy pene
trated into a portion of one of our
trenches but were driven out again.
losing so men Killed or captured.
"The really important feature in this
day's operations occurred north of the
ADMIRAL OF BRITISH FLEET WORSTED IN BATTLE WITH GER
MANS OFF CHILEAN COAST.
SIR CHRISTOPHER CRADOCK.
Lys and consisted of an onslaught in
great force made in the morning in
the direction of Ypres. After a heavy
cannonade the assault was driven back
and a portion of our front line was
forced back. By night the lost ground
was recovered and in some places more
than recovered, with the exception of
one part to which the enemy clung.
our losses were heavy, but not so
severe as those of the enemy, who at
one spot BUfTered enormously from the
concentrated fire of our massed ma
XREN'CHES LOST AXD RETAKEN
French War Office Reports Slight
Advance by Allies.
PARIS, Nov. 6. The following of
ficial communication was Issued at the
War Office tonight:
There is no information on the op
erations at the north of the Lys.
in a violent offensive movement by
the Germans north of Arras we lost a
few trenches, which, later, were re
taken. "In the Argonne (region of St. Hu
bert) all the German attacks have been
Concerning the remainder, of the
battlefront, there is -nothing of im
portance to report.
xne usual earner report saia: s
"On our left wing the allied forces
have made slight progress to the east
of Nieuport, on the right bank of the
Yser. From Dixmude to the Lys, the
German attacks were renewed yester
day, but at a number of points with
lessened energy, particularly with re
gard to the actions of their infantry. ,
"The French-British lines have at I
no point drawn back and our troops, i
undertaking the offensive, have made
notable progress in several directions.
"Between the region of La Bassee
and the Somme, the day was notable.
particularly for an artillery contest.
"In the region or the toye. we nave
maintained our occupation of Le Quea-
no-en-Santerre and advanced percept
ibly in the directiou of Andechy.
"On the center, between the Ulse ana
the Moselle, there has been a recrudes
cence of the- activity of the Germans,
manifested particularly by their ar
"Summing up- it may be saia tnat
the attacks of the enemy at various
points on our front have been repulsed.
in some instances alter an engagement
which lasted all day long." '
BELGIAN ADVANCE HARASSED
Vigorous Resistance hy Germans
Met Along Entire Line.
HAVRE. Nov. 6. via Paris The Bel
gian government issues the following
"The Belsrian. advanced detachments.
which progressed as far as Lombaertzy
toward the Yser between Saint George
Caoelle and Tervaete, could only ad
vance with great difficulty, owing to
poor roads and inundated country.
They were also harassed constantly by
the infantry and machine gun fire of
"The enemy still occupies at. teorge
Capelle and the farms located on the
left bank of the Yser, in the neighbor
hood of Schoorbakke, and Tervaete and
Stuyvekenskerke were reoccupied by
"To the south of Dixmude the Ger
mans made an attack last night in the
direction of the Bixchoote bridge. They
failed in the attempt and were forced
to evacuate completely the village of
Bixschoote to the south of .andootde.
"The enemy continues to attack with
the greatest violence along the front
of the allies, between Hollebecke and
Messines. All positions have been held,
and at certain points the allies have
progressed notably, toward Hollebecke
"In the region of Armentieres and to
the south of the Lys the situation re
mains the Bame as heretofore."
ALLIES ARE BEATEN BACK
Germans Say They Hold Fast Be
tween Nieuport and Inundations.
BERLIN, Nov. 5, via London. The
German general headquarters Issued
the following-statement today:
"The Belgians, assisted by British
and French troops, yesterday made a
fierce attack by way of Nieuport be
tween the sea and the inundations, but
they were easily repulsed. .
"Near Ypres, southeast of Lille and
south of Berry-au-Bac, in the Argonne
region and In the Vosges, our attacks
are progressing. In the Eastern thea
ter of war there have been no material
Aviators Fall 10 Feet.
SAN DIEGO, Nov. 5. In a fall of
100 feet today Captain L. E. Goodler,
Jr., Aviator Corps, U. S. A., and Glenn
Martin, aviator, were so badly injured
they were rushed to a hospital for
The accident occurred near the Army
aviation camp on North Island, across
the bay from San Diego. The machine
was one Martin was demonstrating for
the Government officers. It is -said at
the hospltatl that although the In
juries are serious both men will re
FATE IS 111 DOUBT
Admiral Cradock and Flag
ship Not Accounted For.
OTHER VESSELS MISSING
Whereabouts of Two Germans After
Battle Off Coast of Chile Also
Mystery of Sea Description
of Fight Is Given.
(Continued From First Page.)
the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau si
multaneously let go their 12 eight-inch
guns, which they concentrated on the
The firing continued for several
minutes - without damage. , The Ger
man shots' fell short and the Good
Hope had such a roll that she could
not reply. The smaller cruisers were
far- out of range.
Slowly the sea fighters drew in
nearer, and when the two units were
only 6000 yards apart the Good Hope
fired her two nine-inch guns. She was
still unable to use hex six-inch guns,
which on the gun deck were so near
the water line that as the vessel rolled
they were almost awash. A terrible
broadside from the Scharnhorst and
Gneisenau crippled the British flagship
and her engines stopped.
Monmouth Hastens to Rescue.
The Monmouth, recognizing the dis
tress' of her companion, made a dash
to cover the Good Hope, but by that
time the, distance separating the two
squadrons had. been reduced to 5000
yards and the Germans were able to
bring all their ships into action and
to use all the guns of the five vessels.
These were directed, first against the
Monmouth, Glasgow and Otranto. The
Otranto, badly damaged, escaped In the
gathering darkness and soon afterward
was followed by the Glasgow, which
also had been put out of action, but
continued apparently seaworthy.
The five German ships continued
their attack on the Monmouth and
Good Hope until in a few minutes the
Monmouth sank. By this time only
4500 yards separated the fighters.
- Geod Hope Withdraws Aflame.
The Good Hope, badly damaged,-hung
on until an explosion occurred on board
her. She withdrew to the westward
at 7:30 o'clock. As she disappeared
flames were seen on board her.
Whether her crew was able to stop the
fire or whether the explosion finally
sunk her is not known. The flames
died down and she was not seen again.
The Numbers searched until day
break for the wounded ship, when the
German officers concluded that she had
been lost with all her crew. The only
trace found of the Britishers was in
the wireless message in which the
Glasgow called unsuccessfuly for the
It was impossible to save any of the
crew of the Monmouth, as the Germans
could not put over their small boats in
the face of the gale and the Mon
mouth could not have lowered her
Contrary to the first reports, the
Glasgow did not reach Coronel or Tal
cahuano, nor did the Otranto find a
Chilean port. The German fleet, with
the exception of the Leipzic and Brem.
en, after putting in here, sailed again
yesterday. If they had any word of
the Leipzic and Bremen they did not
make it known. The transport Prlnz
Eitel anchored in the bay last night.
NEWS ABOUT FIVE IS LACKING
Santiago Has Not Heard From
Three Britons, Two Germans.
SANTIAGO, Chile, Nov. 5. News was
still lacking here tonight concerning
the whereabouts of five missing ves
sels which were among those partici
pating in the naval engagement off the
Chilean coast last Sunday night.
These ships are the British cruiser
Good Hope, which the Germans believe
wag sent to the bottom; the British
cruiser Glasgow, the British transport
zio and Bremen. .
German General "Wounded.
GENEVA, via Paris, Nov. 6. Lieu-tenant-General
Bertholdt von Deimling.
the German commander, has been
slightly - wounded in the thigh by
shrapnel on the firing line, according
to the Wolff Agency. He continues in
command of his troops, however.
Ml an Annie Cannon, a member of the
staff of Harvard University observatory, bas
been admitted to membership to the Koyal
astnwaBuoai Meiv at Mnaisna.
ALL GER1II FRONT
RETREATING IN EAST
Austrians After Stubborn Re
sistance Are Routed, Re
RUSSIANS CROSSING SAN
One Corps Is Unshed From Belgium
to Reinforce Army Resisting Gen
eral Forward Movement of
Czar's Force In East Prussia.
LONDON. Nov. 6. A Petrograd dis
patch contains the following official
communication from Russian general
"We continue to progress on the East
Prussian front. The Germans are fall
ing back along the whole front, only
keeping a fortified position in the re
gion of Werkboliwo.
"On the left bank of the Vistula the
Russian army is continuing its vigor
ous offensive, pursuing the retreating
enemy. The crossing of the San by our
troops continues with success. The
Austrians are retreating.
General Advance Indicated.
Further details received from the
East indicate, in the opinion of Eng
lish observers, that the forward move
ment of the Russians has become gen
eral. Even the Russian left wing, which
has been held stubbornly by the Aus
trians for weeks, has joined in the ad
vance. This is admitted by a conserva
tively worded report given out in Vi
enna, which declares that the Austri
ans, having maintained their position
on the Lysa Gora Mountain, where the
Teutonic allies, pivoted in order to let
the rest of the army complete its
wheeling movement to a new line, are
now retiring. At the same time Aus
tria sets forth certain minor successes
along the line from the River San to
Petrograd, however, makes the posi
tive assertion that the Austrian move
ment is a retreat amounting to a rout.
A significant phase of the Eastern cam
paign is Indicated by a report from
Rotterdam that the ninth German army
corps has been transferred from Bel
gium to East Prussia.
An official Petrograd dispatch says:
"The losses sustained by the Ger
mans on the East Prussia front are
considerable. Of certain companies only
80 men remain.
Discord .Is Reported.
"Austrian deserters, of whom the
number is steadily increasing, state
that discord reigns between the Aus
trians and the Germans. They also de
clare that the Germans Buffered enor
Another Petrograd report says that
the new position of-the German army
front along the River Warthe, over 75
miles west of the Vistula River, which
they reached at- the time of the at
tempted attack on Warsaw, Indicated
the tremendous retreat of General von
Klndenberg's entire army in Poland
during the last two weeks. This re
treat is regarded as especially import
ant, since such noted industrial centers
as Lodz, Piotrkow, Radom and Kielce
were recaptured, by the Russians. The
strategic point at Sandomlr, which is
at the junction of the San and Vistula
rivers, has also been retaken.
On the East Prussian frontier the
Germans have met with no success
in assuming the aggressive and at some
points the Russians have even crossed
into German territory. In this region.
however, the German retreat was not
marked by serious losses.
RUSSIANS INSPIRE CONFIDENCE
Arrangements Provide for Million
LONDON. Nov. 6. Professor Bernard
Bares, the British government's repre
sentative with tne iussian neauquar
ters in the field, sends the following
"Trustwortny eye witnesses speaK
with great enthusiasm of the conduct
of the Russian troops on the Upper Vis
tula River, where more serious fighting
is to be expected.
"Here again the German heavy artil
lery commands respect, but the Rus
sian field guns and howitzers are served
with remarkable precision and alert
ness and meet with great success. The
complete confidence of the Russian in
fantry and effectiveness of the Russian
artillery are striking and general fea
tures. "The men are always training In bay
onet work, which the enemy often
avoids. The Russian cavalry by dif
ferent accounts has shown great dash
and has been handled with speed and
skill. In raids beyond the river on the
enemy's communications Russian cav
airy divisions have several times dis
turbed German forces, taking many
prisoners. Large numbers of strag
glers have been taken by the Russians;
"A Hungarian division put up good
resistance for three days, but then col
"The population of Southern Poland
is in a state of profound distress and
the Russians are organizing extensive
"The Germans compel captured offi
cers to work with the men and spit at
them and drive them about bare to the
"In East Prussia the German com
munications are very good. Under
ground telephones are frequently dis
covered. Large forces are In close
contact here and the Russian counter
stroke has much impressed the enemy.
"The Polish population shows the
greatest alacrity in assisting the Rus
sian troops, both In the country and in
the towns. The Russians' advance is.
now much more complete in Southern
Poland and Is better lined up with the
forces in Galicia.
"All this advance tends to secure the
Russian position on the northern fron
tier, where any German initiative be
comes more hazardous.
"The ordinary fresh yearly Russian
contingents mean an Increase of a half
"The arrangements for the wounded
provides, if necessary, for over 1.000,
Loss by Capture Denied.
BERLIN, Nov. 5 (By wireless.) It
Is declared officially in Berlin today
that the Russian troops on the eastern
front have not recently been successful
in taking prisoners. Nor have any Ger
man wounded fallen into their hands.
Furthermore, the authorities have no
knowledge of the loss of any CJerman
machine guns to the Russians.
ROUTED TURKS ARE HUNTED
(Continued From First Pa-ge.)
death of two Frenchmen and serious
damage o the ship not having been
followed by the dismissal of the Ger
man naval military missions, the meas
ure whereby Turkey could disclaim re
sponsibility, the government of this re
public is obliged to state that as a re
sult of the action of the 'Ottoman gov-
ernment a state of war exists between
France and Turkey."
The Temps has received a report that
American marines have been landed at
Beirut, Syria, for the protection . of
LONDON, Nov. 5. Great Britain to
day formally announced that a state of
war exists between this government
The British government also an
nounced that the Island of Cyprus had
been annexed. The island, while un
der the suzerainty of the Sultan of
Turkey, has been occupied and admin
istered by Great Britain.
The Turkish Ambassador. Tewfik
Pasha, left today for Constantinople.
A report from Alexandria. Egypt.
says that Turkish authorities tried to
prevent the departure from Beirut of
the British and other foreign officials.
The American Consul successfully in
tervened in their behalf.
The dispatch further adds that the
presence at Beirut of the United States
cruiser is having a salutary effect.
3TARIXE LANDING UNREPORTED
Act Possibly Made With Consent of
Authorities, Says Washington.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 5. Neither the
Navy nor the State Department tonight
had received any word of the reported
landing of American marines at Beirut,
Syria. Officials were inclined to be
slow -in crediting the report, though
tney admitted that it was entirely cos
slble that the armored cruiser North
Carolina, now in Beirut harbor, had
sent a detachment of marines ashore at
the request of the American Consul
It was pointed out that if the ma
rines had been landed the North Caro
Una's commander in all probability had
acted under an understanding with the
local authorities to furnish a guard for
tne American consulate, where mission
aries and other foreigners might gather
for safety in event of uprisings.
TURKS DESTROY COSSACK BODY
Strong Position Across Russian
Frontier Reported Occupied.
BERLIN (via The Hague and Lon
don). Nov. 5. The Constaintinople cor
respondent of the Frankfurter Zeitung
has sent the following dispatch to his
"The Turks attacked and destroyed a
Cossack batallion on the Russo-Turkish
frontier near Ordulia and then crossed
the frontier, taking up a strong posi
tion in Russian territory."
Turko-German Transports Sunk.
LONDON. Nov. 6. A dlSDatch to the
Dally Telegraph from Odessa by way
of Moscow says 12 Turkish and Ger
man transports carrying coal have
been sunk near Uzunguldak, on the
coast of Anatolia.
AMERICANS MAY SUFFER
TtRKS ARE LIKELY TO REGARD
ALL AS ENGLISHMEN.
Business at Standstill, Country Vir
tually In Elands of Germans and
Many Are Ready to Leave.
GENEVA. Nov. E. via Paris. A tele
gram has been received here from an
American business man in Constanti
nople sayfng that Americans in the
lurKish capltd.1 are in danger, for the
reason tnat the Turks cannot distin
guish between Englishmen and Amer
icans. This American says all business in
Turkey is at a standstill, that the coun
try is virtually in the hands of the
Germans and that all American busi
ness men are ready to leave.
According to advices reaching Gene
va from Munich, 14 German naval offi
cers and 60 sailors, all in uniforms,
have left Munich for , Turkey. They
are traveling by way of Vienna.
According to reliable information in
Geneva, German agents are abroad in
Switzerland , and Italy endeavoring to
buy lead, copper, leather, canned goods
and motors for aeroplanes and sub
marines. They are offering high prices.
The Swiss and Italian authorities,
which already have prohibited exporta
tion of some of these articles, are tak
ing further measures in this same di
rection. MISSIONARIES THOUGHT SAFE
Washington Has No News Indicating
Danger to Subjects in Turkey.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 5. Unofficial
advices received here Indicate that
American missionaries in Turkey do
not fear anti-Christian outbursts. They
long regarded war' as inevitable and
prepared to meet the emergency. Amer
ican Ambassador Morgenthau has not
indicated to State Department officials
that it would be necessary for mission
aries in the interior to go to coast
towns, although the had been advised
to do so by their societies.
In the absence of advices to the con
trary officials here believe Americans
are in no danger. Ample funds are said
to be available for Americans.
Two Parties Lose Legal Status.
PROVIDENCE, R. I., Nov. 5 A
Passed By the
In this day, when every
thing is censored, from
movies to cable . dispatches,
it is well to remember that
Politz clothes are censored..
They are censored by
every Portlander who sees
you wearing them by your
business and social acquaint
ances. If they don't pass, you
lose just that much in their
They must fit they must
be well tailored but above
all they must smack of
smartness and simplicity.
285 Morrison St.
Bet. Fourth and Fifth
Tlie Mod&roi Fitesucle A
All you need to complete
the family circle is a
There's cheer in its glow
Writ fwr komklmt. "Wmrmtk
in ceU esrasn, '
Standard Oil Company
neither the Progressive Socialists cast
2 per cent of the total vote for Gov
ernor Tuesday, they lose their standing
as legal political parties in this state.
The Republicans and the Democrats
now are the only parties entitled to
nominate their candidates through the
Western Eggs. Going to England.
NEW VOR1C. Nnv. R Thru million
eggs arrived here today from the West
for shipment tomorrow to England,
WHY DO I "BEAT
THEM ALL" AT
I am not paying out the customer's
HIGH GROUND-FLOOR RENT
HUGE ELECTRIC SIGNS
EXPENSIVE WINDOW DISPLAYS
' ; " TAKE THE ELEVATOR
Buy HigliClass Clothing and Save Your Dollars
MEN'S SUITS, RAINCOATS, OVERCOATS
$14.75 and $18.75
F. O. B. Detroit
Touring Car with Sedan Top;
Roadster with Coupe Top.
11325. F. O. B. Detroit
Cvoftht American family
Distributor for Oregoa and
0-48 X. 20th St., Portland.
Phone Marshall 1WDO, A 1388.
SHIELD of QUALITY
25c "Reflex" brand, nott 15c
35c "Welco" brand, " no 25c
All DeaWrs and Gas Companies
AYhenyou Ahozrf Gas
wszs- V? W g
f marl Oil
forming the largest consignment ever N I
sent from this port. The reduction in I
England s egg supply from Russia on
account of the war is said to have
brought about this shipment.
Bank Charter Applied For.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Nov. 6. O. B. Hinsdale, W. H.
Jewett and others today applied to the
Treasury Department for authority to
organize the First National Bank of
Gardiner, Or., with a capital of $25,000.
315-1-6-17 Oregonian Building
Elevator to 3d Flooi-
Hup Winter Tops a Hit
"Business is exceptionally good
for this season," said W. S. Dul
mage, of Dulmage-Manley Auto Co.,
local Hupmobiie dealer, yesterday.
"For one thing, the extraordinary
value of the new Hup is apparent
at a glance. That makes sales.
"Another big factor is the detach
able sedan top for the touring car
and the coupe top for the roadster.
"Instead of building permanent
closed cars this year, the Hupmobiie
factory designed these detachable
tops, giving the new Hup owner
what amounts to two cars at prac
tically the price of one.
"These tops are well-built, beau
tifully finished inside, and perfectly
They are going to keep more Hups
in commission all Winter than any
other one thing possibly could.
"Almost every buyer of a new
Hup orders one of these tops along
with it. That's a sure sign they
are what the people want."
Lighting you prefer t