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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 4, 1914)
TIIE MOHXTNO OREGONIAN WPDXESDAT. NOVEMBER 4, 1914.
Entered at Portland, Oregon, Poatotflce at
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' t.- . - tnm Vrr At Conk-
lin. New 'York. Brunswick building.-. Chi
cago, btenger buuains. -ban
Francisco Office R. J. Bldwell Co.
" T42 Market street. "
PORTLAND, WEWfESDATi NOT. ,
sources of several districts. Union
schools mean good teachers, adequate
apparatus and civilized surroundings
for fiie pupils. Once founded they are
never given up.
TURKEY'S PART II THB WAB.
Turkey's entrance into the war
r widens the area of hostilities immense-
ly. More, it threatens to draw In
other powers. Almost all other Eu
7' ropean nations and the whole of
Western Asia are likely soon, to he ln-
, - Germany has reaped the reward of
her studied cultivation of Turkish
friendship through many years past.
. She has trained, armed and equipped
the Turkish army according to mod
ern. European standards. She has
" educated Turkish military officers in
" Germany and has sent German offi
cers to serve Turkey. Germany has
' built railroads and constructed other
Improvements in Asiatic Turkey. Ger
man influence is supreme in Constan-
, tinople and has had the powerful aid
of the war party, headed" by the Ger
man educated army officers, in com-
hating the opposition of the pacific
Sultan. It was natural, under these
circumstances, that the German cruis
ers Goeben and Breslau should find a
; safe refuge at Constantinople and
should enter the Turkish service so
Turkey, weakened and reduced in
area by Oie Balkan war, saw herself
forced to choose between alternatives
each of which U fraught with danger.
Had she continued neutral and were
her friend Germany to be defeated
and were Austria to be dismembered,
.Turkey would be at the mercy of
Russia and of a greatly strengthened
group of Balkan states. Servla would
' be expanded into an important power
by acquisitions on the north and prob
ably in Albania. Russia might quiet
any scruples of her allies by giving
them a share of the plunder.
By coming to the ?id of Germany
and Austria at the present Juncture,
Turkey helps to remove the disparity
between the contending forces. She
aids the Teutonic nations to check the
expansion of Slav power and. In event
of their victory, she would fortify
herself in her Asiatic possessions and
in the remainder of her European
territory. Believing that victory for
...Russia and her allies means ultimate
extinction of Turkey, whether the lat
. ter country remains neutral or takes
; up arms in the present struggle, the
Ottoman war party seems to have
decided that the wisest course was to
,. make a last effort to ward off that fate
while Turkey has powerful allies. It
has apparently forced the hand of
the cautious statesmen who prefer
The accession of strength which
Turkey brings to the Teutonic pow
ers is likely to be neutralized by an
equal accession to the allies' forces.
Greece has already Intimated that
Turkish intervention would be the
eitrnal for her to intervene. Rou-
mania has been with difficulty re
strained from attacking Austria and
may decide that now or never is the
time for her to seize Transylvania
and Bukowlna. A hint from Russia
that she may have these provinces for
the taking may end Roumanians hesi
tation. Bulgaria can scarcely have
recovered from her grudge against
J Servia ' and Greece, but both racial
sympathy and self-interest must pull
: her strength towards Russia. If Tur
key were sot firmly on her feet by a
victorious Germany, hope of terri
torial expansion in the direction of
Constantinople would be ended for
Bulgaria. If she were to aid the work
5 'of dismembering . Turkey, Bulgaria
could get a share of the spoils.
Turkish adhesion to the Teutons
may also Influence Italy to remain
out of the fray no longer. That coun
try's sympathy is decidedly with the
allies, and it can expect to gain noth-
' lng from Austria or Germany should it
continue neutral and should they come
.out triumphant. Hope of territorial
expansion would then be ended, while
by Joining the allies Italy could hope
to win unredeemed Italy from Aus
tria; namely the provinces of Trieste,
Trent, Istrla and possibly Dalmatia
Italy may also claim Albania, where
she has already occupied Avlona. In
Servia she would have a rival claim
ant for the northern half of that prov.
ince; in Greece for the southern half.
' If she stays out of the war she would
: get none of Albania, whether the al
lies or the Teutons and Turks win. In
"the former event Servla, Greece and
. Montenegro would, be likely to divide
Albania among them; in the latter
event Turkey might recover the prov
ince- Italy's best chance to gain by
, the war is to Join the allies and share
. the spoils of both Austria and Turkey
The scope of Turkey's possible par
ticipation In the war hinges on the
extent to which other nations Join her
enemies. Should the other Balkan
states remain neutral, she cannot get
. at Servia and can operate against
Russia only at sea and along the Ar
menian frontier. The Anglo-French
fleet in the Mediterranean is strong
enough to blockade the Dardanelles
and thus keep the Turks out of the
Mediterranean. If Greece sides against
Turkey, her " navy would be equal to
this task. The allies may bombard
the Turkish fronts of Asia Minor and
Syria, unless Turkey has fortified and
mined them. Turkey may attack the
British in Egypt from the isthmus of
Sinai and from Arabia. Persia being
Jointly occupied by Great Britain and
. Russia, Turkey might attack that
ROBBING THIS KAISER.
The Kaiser finds himself obliged to
put up such defense as he may, not
only against foreign armies, but also
against far more insidious efforts to
mar the brightness of bis glory. The
Belgians have almost accomplished
their nefarious scheme to rob him of
Beethoven. The master musician's
grandparents are buried at Louvain,
which seems to indicate with fair cer
tainty that there was more Flemish
than German blood in his veins. Hard
upon this more than military calamity
follows the dark British plot to cap
ture Kant with all his philosophy.
The Koenlgsberger giant's father, as
It now transpires, was a Scotch sad
dler. Only his mother was Prussian.
Both Kant and Beethoven are as good
as lost to the Kaiser, a disaster which
the capture of Calais will but illy
retrieve. But there are some consid
erations which might mitigate his
grief if he would weigh them candidly
in his imperial mind. One of them is
that not a solitary figure among the
Intellectually -great men of Germany
Is a product of its militarism.
Kant, the first of philosophers,
lived in a period of national depres
sion. Germany at that time- was of
only the slightest military importance
but it was prolific in men of the first
Intellectual rank. To that day belong
Goethe, Schiller, Herder and a host
of others. It is these men who give
Germany her proud title to lead the
culture of the world. It is a long.
long descent from Goethe and Schiller
to Hauptmann and Suderman and a
still longer one from Beethoven's and
Wagner's music to that of the current
school of cacophonlsts whose fierce
discords clash with the blare of trum
pets in Berlin. When the world
speaks of "German culture" it means
something that was born before Bis
marck's day and which has given very
few marks of life since the Franco-
Prussian war. German culture has
no connection with Prussian mill
Canada, Argentina and British India
show a combined decrease of 200,000,-
000 bushels. The United States and
Australia combined show an increase
Of 140.000,000 bushels. While the
world crop is 384,000,000 bushels less
than in 1913, the United States has an
estimated surplus of 290,000,000 bush
els for export. Had peace continued,
we ehould still have received an un
usually good price, but war has given
us boom prices for a bumper crop.
While the aggregate of our assets
Is being increased, our new banking
system is mobilizing them and making
all of them available for our capture
portatlon as far asthey can, not that
they have abandoned water transpor
tation. Given continuous improve
ment, modern wharves, railroad con
nections and Joint rates with rail
roads, the people would probably use
the rivers to the same extent as they
are used in Europe. It would be time
enough to say the people had definitely
abandoned the water routes if, after
these changes had been made, they
neglected to use those routes.
Short hauls by water may be due to
the fact that rivers are generally im
proved piecemeal in short stretches
and that long periods elapse before
of the world's trade. The means are I these stretches are connected; also
put Into our hands, the opportunity that river terminals, are In the hands
is created by the war, and the energy of railroads, which parallel rivers,
and genius of the American people I Having acquired the river frontage in
need but apply the means in seizing order to kill water competition, a rail
the opportunity. road would give a very frigid recep
tion to a man who attempted to buy
n,. ..V,U 111,...., -NTot- XT T I " w
-.-.ocwiv, .... w., .h wn t the election will Stand
puousnes a mommy wnicn is me oesi flrm for th. odoouon of a comDre-
thing of the sort we have ever seen, henslve plan of Improvement for each
It is a list of books anda great deal 1 river and its tributaries as a unit, they
more. The number which we have may force devotees or the old metnoa
lust been lookinir over is Dartieularly to fall in line with them. Channel lm
ttUoj s,t.. tra ith provemenL nowever, nirauw no hot.u
South America. The facts collected Ponied by improvement of terminals
Half a Century Ago
Gleams Through the Mist
By Dean Collins.
and neatly prepared for study should
interest every geography class in the
and by co-ordination of rail and
water lines before any basis will exist
country -as well as every man of busi- Ior a juugrneni a ,
ness. We learn, among other aston- " l'"a.wu'"" uul
ishing particulars, that the annual ui
forelsm commerce! of South America
foots up to $3,000,000,000. It imports What becomes of all the heretics?
somewhat less and exports consider- They are expelled from their pulpits,
ably more than a billion and a half blaze a little while with the glory of
every year. martyrdom ana men aisappear. xno
Great Britain has the larerest share Rev. A. S. Crapsey. the Kocnester
of this enormous trade. The United minister who made such a Ur over
States comes second and Germany the Virgin birth a few years ago, is
third. The war will naturally cut now a radical lecturer. He has puD-
down Germany's transatlantic business lished a book called "The Rise of the
and here Is where the tremendous orj- vv orking Class.
portunlty of the United states comes
in. The short but illuminating article Turkey is like the monkey that saw
from which we collect these typical a nice chestnut among the glowing
facts is by John Barrett. coals and longed to snatch it. But
In another article not much longer I every time he reached for the morsel
but .literally packed with information, he burnt his paw and drew It back,
the "Newarker," as the monthly Is howling. The Turk wants to fight but
called, gives an account of "The Ex- does not quite dare to plunge in for
porters Encyclopedia." This is a I good and all. . Still we do not see how
work especially designed for men en- he can get out of It now
gaged In the export trade. It covers
the subjects of foreign duties, proper The Arkansas Supreme Court dec!
From The Oregonlan. November B. 1864.
The foundation wall for a superb seasonable song,
building on Front street, between Pino I When Spring comes tripping gaily.
and Ash streets, which has been put The lyrio bard emotes;
down by the Oregon Steam Navigation in June, tor summer oauy
Company, in connection with Its new ur toIi? "p"i!f'L, .em
, - ... . .. fin And now another mood nu caught em,
wharf this aeason. is now nearly fin- Tbolr lyHo ,ute. they order Drou.nt .em
ished. we understand that measures And wboop 'er up and sing for Autumn.
wilt p auopieu tor a juiut biuc& uuu- i
pany, with a view to continuing work I Then shall I not, together
on the structure next Spring. I With all this rhymtttr crew.
write aaa for Autumn weather
The Sierra Nevada brought quite a "a ooost .November too T
n,.mhr nr M ltin. har.lc to their mJr r' '". aweiung
: " j j - I joyiui, jocund lyric yelling.
nomas in Oregon, among wno wo r Tho Autumn Joys In rhyme be telling?
pieasea to notice jsoian r aiiins uu
Mr. Stewart, of this city. The frost la on the punkln
So stir the open fire
Washington. Oct. 80. The President And heave another chunk in.
has issued a proclamation admitting .. ?. Illlm.e "plr"
Nevada into the Union. com. i a .V.t. '21,
Ana D6Q un a luar or elder.
Anotner meeting win te neia tonignt
at tne Jfioneer, ana stirring speecnes Tomorrow morn, at sun-up.
may be expected. Mr. George, our I if everything is fine,
nominee for elector, and Mr. Mitchell. ( We'll hitch the horse and run up
nf wi. ( . u 1 To butcher all the swine.
-V.- I AH linb n ......... .h.ll .U... ...
or X erry. aarenta in tno lata I And ws shall aroraa unon head cheasaa.
election iruuai, nave Deen convictea ty
a military commission and sentenced- Thanksgiving we'll be greeting
to Imprisonment for life. The sentence Ere many days go by,
has been approved by the President and And turkey we'll be eaUng,
win Km nai-H. int.. ...ntiflAn imm. And eke th. punkln pie.
diately. We'll lolllfv hevond all reason
A n H I.. II ,K kannu A ..... ....hh
The grand Jury, summoned for the I
Circuit Court of the State of Oregon. Thu. Autumn daya extolling.
n MUitnoman county, to meet on o- rv. nraiaed within my rhymes.
vember 14, has been chosen. Among I As o(t in veraes rolling
tYtm mn nlrlcAii w . t- . William Tlnuhla. I I've booated other time.
hnw.. A T T 1 1 1 . i - Put. mrxr TTnwir I SOOrn HOt my humble rtlVHlS DOf ShUtt it.
New York. Oct. 81. The Times spe
cial says that direct communications
with Atlanta by rail are open and se
cure, although there are guerillas be
tween Etowah River and Big Shanty.
explanation. He is the person who
covered the Abe Lincoln and Andy
Like every other distinguished for- " J;,, .11 V,VZ.7 ttVl, . s,on M t0 rru " ?l wsaora;
ertys shores, I ,0ki,. tt
Rnortrn THrminrhum ha ha..! in tell I . , De Dela answerauio uy nia unctiui.
toetOT haa aPd noUce ln this for the pranks of Cupid among his
J! ?Tt?i!5nB?;rBaP-h!! extraordinarily useful work It must be pupns. We should thlnk not. Even
reports, this particular novelist likes 1? " e,?4. sTto SCh0t1 teac,hers ,havt me human
us verv well .indeed. Exceotina- the then n d.lscoura0 "POn Gov- rights. It is unfair to punish them
- " o i s-r"i ttt enr nun iannna a RnniPr rT i m 111 a j t a ..iki
aleenlntr-cara and th tmelesa nolaea v'"" T. -"r . " - tor iaiimg to u me impuBaiujo.
, ' ,7 " . " . which the ordinary citizen Knows a
through the States. It pleased him so e f . , ,n?.t Arno,d Bennett says It Is as easy to
well that he extended his trin to Mem- 8aV? or ms 7a Jntf re8t- write two plays as one novel. Having
Dhis and irazed uDon the MIssIssIbdI. written about twenty novels ana
Dourln an oblation to the sacred v"nmenToc"menif " maln'f "I twenty plays, he is qualified to speak
, . , . t,, . , tended ior Kinaung iires, a purpose .-.. Th. la nn . nf
memory of Huckleberry Finn as the r., . ,..- 'jmiv,u from experience. There is no sign or
Father of Water, rolled solemly past ?Lh ich tney woulft serve admirably if t lntenectual exertion in
vvatera rouea soiemiy past they were nQt QUlte go ponderoua and 1u8, at Dresent. elthB. by
George Birmingham, for all his rol- l rmV, .,,, v, r
t ,7 , V. . ,T J , documents are invaluable to persons
U1 . "T J 'I' ' " who know how to use them. The
nl!n common Ignorance and neglect of
. t , ' T i I them show how little we often appre-
peruse his delightful books must look c,ata our opportunjue. for informa-
lWrr ..T"!,"." "on. Why would It not be a good
3 ZZ' :r ZZC Plan for the Portland library to pub-
original. Canon Hannay does not be
lieve that our millionaire daughters
marry Dukes for the sake of the title
or because they are fascinated by the
ghostly gloom of baronial halls,
The best grade of kindling is Arnold or anybody else, as far as the
maiden eye can discern
lish a monthly of this sort?
The news from the front Is as cheer.
Ing as possible, both armies being now
in full retreat. The allies are fleeing
toward Paris, "the Germans toward
Berlin. If they would only keep on
and never look back the prospect
would be bright for an early peace.
The early settlers in Nebraska and neaa ln ni. trouble with Turkey. An
Kansas found those states treeless ar)0loev seema rather inadeouate rec-
. The genuine attraction of English I and almost rainless. The scant show- omT,ensa f or a bombarded city, but if
aristocrats ior our women is tne pros- ers wnicn gave crops one season Odessa and the Czar are satisfied with
peci. tney uuer ui . aeiucu iixt. uui wwo ucxueu mo jicai jeo.r cum tw i the rest of us need not grumble
own men are migratory. . Today they I seed pensnea in tne grouna. uiouas
are here, tomorrow on the other side of grasshoppers devoured what the
of the continent. They never abide bad seasons had spared. It seemed as
long enough in one spot to found a if the old geographers were right
home and plant a garden. Now United when they included both Kansas and
States women are as fond of an en- Nebraska in "the great American
during habitation as our men are of I desert.'
roaming. British aristocrats meet 1 But they were wrong. Persistent
this longing of the feminine soul per- I cultivation has so changed the condl
fectly. They are deeply rooted in the tions in both states that crops are now
ground, having dwelt in the same as certain as anywhere else.
The Czar shows exemplary meek-
The proposal to donate one hun
dred cars of Hood River apples to the
starving Belgians looks good to the
man who does not grow them. One
hundred cars of sldemeat would be
more to the point. .
Between now and the next campaign
Th. the Journalistic mudslingers in Oregon
park for a dozen generations and grasshoppers are no longer a burden should consume a little of the milk of
T ..... . ... . ... . human kindness and decency. It
rnr. fall ha. nrt.iallv Increased. It is Would get them further.
Hence between the American trlrl I more, likelv. however, that cultivation
and the British Duke there is a har- has caused the earth to retain mois- If you see a wnite man running
mrmv nf annl whlrh aj-rnnnt mnst I ture sr much better that a drv season I around pretending to be a negro
satisfactorily for their matrimonial la not so harmful as of old. that's the president or iiaiu, wno is
unions. No sordid considerations need I Tree-planting has proceeded rapid- missing.
be introduced to elucidate the phe- ly through all the trans-Missouri re
nomenon. In this happy explanation I gion. The farmers began by planting Dollar twenty wheat ln Portland,
of a difficult problem Canon Hannay windbreaks, timidly hoping that they December delivery, hits the speculator
gives an excellent example both of would survive. They did survive and and not the flour barrel.
his benign disposition and of the wide grew so thriftily that . today great
gulf that often yawns between theory plantings of timber may be louna England Is buying millions of eggs
and fact. where forty years ago not a tree could from Us. And we are buying ours
be seen. i from China.
The rood of foreign trade, which whlch ouht to e attended to every- what a pieasant day for the-
. . . . Iwbero Or iron haa nlentv ' of ever- . t,.... i ,1 v.
was dammed up during the first ., - " : ; , . who wu. cm
month of the war, broke loose during ' ,C the othersl
September and is still rising. An in- I " -tT- , ,!TZ:.
, o.i nnn nnn t, acarce. J-no Ji'i-iuc ui iiioimug - t . li k. nMn f.. ,
total exports In August' Is accounted nut"' P"- iJS,ert" -l5?1!? I predlcUong, made by some of the
. 1. . ... . ? . . , I corners, along fences and even ln solid .
stuffs to Europe, and has created "- it. X,
LU11IO A A VIII ACM aaa vaau ,wua.ilq ua.
The staring need in rural education
Is not for "little red schoolhouses," bu
for big ones. The color does not mat
ter much. Good country schools will
only come by combining the re
"Sir," said the courteous office boy,
"that man next door to me reminded
me of a Marathon runner, when I vis
ited him Halloween night."
"How so?" I asked brightly.
"Well." .aid th. r 0 R "hn a.nm.H
Reddy," the billposter, has made an only "xtous to keep his gate for the
next few hours.
And before I could outflank him, he
posters with a notice of a confederate """i ie10 le.rr"or na Dla
eeting. He says It was done through! B D"v'"l
the motto of Davy Crockett, and post 1
yourself better next time.
New Tork, Oct. SI. A vessel which
arrived here reports speaking. Thurs
day last, the gunboat Mobile in chase
of the pirate Tallahassee.
'The Jewess," the celebrated histor
ical drama, will be presented at the
Willamette Theater tonight by Miss
Twenty-Five Years Ago
FARMER FORCED TO SELL COWS
Batter Price Under Free Trade Fall
to Give Htm Profit.
KENNEWICK, Wash., Nov. 1. (To
How doth the little busy bee
Improve each shining hour?
That I would well expound to thee
If It were in my power;
But the xroat la on the punkln'
And it doth occur to me
He'll soon be shy of shining hours
To be Improved, b'gee!
Recurring, with haunting persist
ency, like the burden of some old.
sweet song, that question of raining
cats and dogs rises once more to re
mind us that:
Though cats and dogs I never saw
It raiding anywhere,
I must admit, I've often seen
It raining here and there,
And that other old friend of the
From The Oregonlan. November 2, 1SS9.
Elegant new dining-cars have been
established on the Oregon Railway &
Navigation Company and Oregon Short
Lino and Union Pacific between Port
land and Chicago.
The salmon canning season on the
Sound is over. The George T. Myers
cannery at West Seattle has closed
down and Morse's Columbia Cannery
ln Seattle will close in a week. The
product of the canneries this year was
The new electric line between Port
land and St. John was formally opened
yesterday. The East Side is entitled to
congratulation for having operated the
first street railway In Multnomah
T h e members of the Board of Trade
who entertained the Senate committee
yesterday were: Donald Macleay, ,
General John Gibbon. George H. Will
iams. Major T. H. Handbury. Captain
w. Young. ex-Governor Moody. Lieu
tenant McClernand, Captain Cleve
land Rockwell, F. K. Arnold, C. J.
Smith. H. W. Corbett. W. S. Ladd. H.
Failing. C. H. Lewis, Capta-ln Lom
bard, W. W. Cotton, R. R. Jones ana
C. W. Fulton.
Theodore Wilcox, manager of the
Portland Flourng Mills, will leave for
Seattle tonight to make arrangements
for building a mill on Paget Sound.
W. S. Ladd is said to be interested in
a similar movement.
United States Boiler and Hull In
spectors McDermott and Edwards in
spected the steamer Ocklaharoa yes
terday. Next Tuesday they will go
to Astoria to inspect the steamer Rest
less. A meeting of the citizens interested
in the repeal of the mortgage tax and
usury laws was held at the Real Es
tate Exchange, 12$ First street, last
night in response to a call by members
of the Exchange. George L. Story,
J. A. Strowbrldge was appointed ad
ministrator of the estate of William
Beck yesterday. Edward RobertBon,
C. M. Wlberg and Henry Ranert were
named as appraisers. The estimated'
value of the estate is 192,500.
Tracy, the Salvationist arrested for
beating the bass drum on the streets,
was fined $20 by ex-Recorder Llewel-
the Editor.) The price of butter and I colyum of a week ago, slides up out
beef still occasion considerable dls- I or my subliminal self to suggest that:
cusslon. I am a farmer, located on an
alfalfa ranch, and obtain my living
almost entirely by selling cream. I
raise alfalfa as cheaply as the average
farmer can, and besides have good, pas
turea combination enjoyed by few
dairymen. Yet It costs-me between I the well-known and prominent rag
$60 and $75 to feed, a cow for 12 time astrologer and seer, sends us the
The French hold all the paaaea.
And yet. aa all men know.
The Germans were almost tho first
To get in on the show.
Forecast for November.
Professor G. Pytnagoras Bimelack,
I used to" be able to make a small
following dissertation and forecast for
November was originally the ninth
margin of profit on a 300-pound cow month of the year, but got Jogged out
or place because of the overweening
ambition of the Caesar Bros., the late
P. Julius and Auz-ustun W whn hv
weuia, x couiu'noi Keep nujnm'8 unuei political maneuvering, got the Senate
a 400-pound cow and break even. Now in Rnm to n. n hill .ith
the average dairy cow gives far less gency- clause to slip In two months
niuu u puunus, ana int result, nan i named after them.
(one that produces 300 pounds of but
terfat a year), but this year, prior
to the war, with butterfat at 22
been that I have had to dispose of one-
To atone to November for the loss
third of my herd, and vealed all the I Thnr hv nH th hnn-nirkim, .,
heifer calves except from
cows. My neighbors had to do . the Tradition involves the Pilgrim Fathers
u.e o. uj, "j. ii iu injures were i wltn tno establishment of Thanksarlv
ootainaoie, me nuraoer or cows ana lng day but lt u probablo tnat tho
V "Ultrcu L,e.uo wiy medical trust and the pepsin pill cor
could not be kept except at a -loss poration had much to do with It.
wouia do startling. xhe month opens under the Sign of
jiiMiieiiFui iiiut. fte Fishes and the cohorts of The De-
ii iu. unucr un numwr ui cu.ti.ie in mon will make a strong closing cam
country was reuueea irom approxi- palsn against the friends of Cold
niaiciv w"x,vuv,vuu iu ttypruiiinairiy oa- I Water
"rre p.no.ng in in Q November 4 the Sign of Taurus
price. The wholesale slaughter of comes mto ascendency and all of the
cows and calves following the free defeated candidates will go about the
butter tariff temporarily held the cost land expiainlns to their friends how
of beef at a level, but the war has v. , ,. j i .j,.,..., . ,
" ' ' . , " X t V , " pi wh supported losing Initiative
. ; " '.". -J I .1 """"- measures.
tter part of the month Is a hunch to
CTh. t.rlff ..v. fr -n ready, for the family has decided to
out and take our loss, but it cannot
make us sell our products at less than
cost indefinitely. A. S. G.
FLOOD OF TRADE BREAKS LOOSE.
Planting forest trees Is a duty
A municipal rock-breaking plant
The decrease ln exports as compared s "direction.
1 n n r f 191 AAA AAA In mi., favni.
, . j. ... e- . , , . I time and make the state a more
Biter uu...6 "" v.1- j,ih-. i,o. -
with September, 1913, la nearly $62,
The flood of exports will continue
to rise now that an understanding has
The way the women flocked out to
vote is enough to make a dilatory man
WAB OX THE FORK BARREL.
Senator Burton's successful protest I ashamed.
been reached with Great Britain that against pork-barrel river and harbor
contraband actually destined for neu- bills has met with, so much support ' Portland Is spending a lot of money
tral countries, shall not be seized ; that I among the people that a systematic I to keep . its health, but then It's
cotton is not . contraband, even when, movement to do away with pork-bar- worth it.
destined for an enemy a country; and I rel methods has received the indorse
that ships transferred from German ment of many candidates for Con- The defeated are entitled to the
to American register are not subject I gress. The Chicago Tribune has made titles as future handles - to their
to seizure when actually sold to Amer- I a canvass of candidates on this sub- names.
icana. Great Britain could impose no ject and announces pledges to vote for
less restrictions with due regard to a budget system in place of the pork- What the defeated candidate can't
her own safety and the United States barrel system from nineteen candi- see, is how in the worldit happened
asked for no less, in most serious dates in Illinois, seven in Indiana, nine
possible cause of friction is thus re- In Iowa, five in Michigan and two. in ns an uneventful day when both
moved; also a great Obstacle "to our Wisconsin, a total of forty-two. The I armies don't win a victory or two
commerce. - I exeat majority of those pledged are
Other obstacles are soon to aia- Republicans, the next in number are now the aaonv is over, "to to the
appear. AujuBiment oi tne rate oi i Frogressives, ana mere is out a spnn. i Land Show and see something.
roreign exenange is peing maae, me kling of Democrats.
moratorium is aDoui to ena in ang. ir a good proportion oitnose wno The weather man did his part yes-
wao "u i m oe re.rajcu in j iai.es. i nave pieagea tnemseives snouia ""terday In making Oregon dry.
do its Christmas shopping early.
On Thanksgiving day everybody will
stoke up enough to last until Christ
mas. Several score of people will go
to the churches to return thanks to the
NOTED FOREIGN GENERALS PAST 60 Creator for a peaceful and somewhat
prosperous year, and all records will
be broken in gate receipts at
Thanksgiving football games:
Many of Them Would Be Retired for
Old As;e In United Statea Army.
When y General Grant came promi
nently to the front ln 1863 by his cap
ture of Vicksburg he was 41 years old.
Meade, the victor of Gettysburg, was at
the same time 4S, Sherman was 43 and
Sheridan was 32 years old.- When
CIMA,-11 T.n1..nn .. 1.11,..., 1 . 1 . I
" 1 nol quite over:
With all this talk of rain In sheets,
And pitchforks on the hay,
Some rain comes down In buoketfula
So I've heard people say.
The War Office regrets to report
The French hold all th passes,
Yet we discover now
That Turkey managed to slip ln
On this bio; show somehow,
Please remain seated. The show is
clear the way for increased cotton ex- their word, they may open a new era
ports, ana shipments of that staple to in river and harbor improvement.- comng i0 their senses
wuiKuij oafs k..,nuj wwi tcauuivu, una prumyicu .vi i , uuriun iu
ouinn. D.u.. " , , Tf tv carry nis assaults on tne- un. or last Hereafter address him as Governor
imance no eruii a..u wn uuuut.ta um i session runner tnan souna policy jus- i u-,.!.....-.!,.
..j v., t3.o.ot, .1.1 tr i . i , niuiycomoe,
siucu vj v.c ivv.,v . . " ui u i titles. Jitj nag uui uceu wulcui iu
with the enlarged facilities placed at charge that money was spent In the
its command by the Glass currency wrong places and in the wrong way;
law. Cotton exports may soon reach his arguments have called' into ques.
their normal volume and may com- tlon the wisdom of improving any
bine with increased exports of food- I rivers at all. Public opinion will not
stuffs, war material and manufactures go with him to that extreme, but lt
to swell our favorable trade balance to would go with the budget advocates
$100,000,000 a month.. This should in inaugurating a new system. '
render further exports of gold unnec- Mr. Burton has cited facts to show
easary and should go far to offset that navigable channels are so little
American -securities which Europe used that any Improvement at all Is
may unload. ; - no longer' Justified. He said that on
Every circumstance forecasts pros- streams of considerable size the aver
perity for this country. At the time age haul Is less than 100 miles, on
when Europe, ln consequence of a some less than fifty or even twenty
short crop and of war, -most needs miles, and he Inferred that, save in
wheat, we have most to spare.- All the the case of special commodities, rivers
grain-growing countries of Europe are no longer used on an extensive
have yielded less wheat this year than scale, and that the little traffic re
last, except Great Britain, which pro- malnlng is carried only short dls
duced 6,000,000 bushels, more than ln tances.
1912. or 1913. Russia's crop, is 183,- Mr. Burton's statistics prove that
000,000 bushels abort of that of 1913. 1 the people use the rivers for trans-I Told you so.
Republicans show symptoms of
Something doing down ln the South
Pacific. - '
Hurry the count, ladles and gen
Almost forgot there was a war yes-
Now to do our Christmas shopping.
The weather did Its part yesterday.
. The voter loveth a cheerful loser.
Of all the sad words, etc.
Thank goodness'lt's over.
''Back to the surgery!
ante year he was but 39, and when
McClellan was placed ln command of
the Union forces in 1861 he was only 86.
These ages are Interesting because
they are ln Buch striking contrast with
the advanced years of the men who
are ln ; command of "the - armies now
battling in Europe. On the German
side General Von Emmich, the captor
of Liege, i 66, and General Von Kluck
is 68. General Von Hausen. who re
cently gave up the command of the
Saxon army, is 68; General Von Heer
ingen is 64; General Von Einem, 61, and
General Voir Buelow, 68. General Von
Moltke, chief of the German general
staff, is 66, and General Von Hlnder
berg, who is in command in East Prus
sia, is 67. Nearly all these officers took
part In the Franco-Prussian war of soon
1870. On the allies' side Earl Kltch-
ner if 64; Smith-Dorrien. 68, and Sir
John French, 62. The three French
Generals, Pau, Joffre, and Gallienl, are
all approaching 70.
From this statement of years it Is
easy to infer that modern warfare de
mands In Generals mature judgment
ana experience ratner man tne super- Buying a Dog Blanket.
m j utgu 7ci Buimi I
courage that were supposed to be the (Judge.)
distinguishing marks of the old-time I "What's the matter there? Can'
warrior. The commander of the pres- I you please that lady ln a dog blan
ent day, seated at headquarters, miles ket .'
from the scene of action and receiving; I I can please ner ail right. an
from his subordinates reports bv wire- I swered the clerk, "but she wants th
less, by telegraph or by telephone, is I dog to indicate his preference, and
more likely to be a white haired old I he's one of those blase pups that
man possessed of great knowledge of doesn't seem to care for anything.
tne art or war, ana resourceful and
vzzz; -.v J., r Fi.ermg . Ma.b.d,
er of the type of Napoleon, or Hannl- V Boston Transcript.
bal, or Alexander the Great, and other i Mrs. Green Do you ever flatter your
youthful military prodigies of their husband?
And after all these years, speaking
If Father Noah lived today.
While loud the combat roared.
I'll bet he'd close the hatches down
And keep that dove on board.
I don't know why I should say it at
Just this time.
v a -
But If I don't, then somebody els
In fact everybody will be saying It
And so, in closing, I might suggest
"Do your Christmas shopping early,
a a a
"Throw him out!" they roared in.
deep, harsh voice.
Mrs. Wyse Yes, I sometimes ask hi
advice about things.
Treatment of a Pesalmlat.
"Growcher is a, confirmed pessimist. I
Isn't he?" '
"Tes. just now he is worrying about
who will bury tne last man on earth.
A Bit Club Gossip.
"My dear, every woman ought to Join
a club.' It's so refreshing to blackball
someone you don t like."
Parable of a Good Loser.
A good loser isn't much of a help
to the family; that Is, to his own fam
DIAMONDS MADE BY ELECTRICITY
Artificials Produced, bat They Are Not
mn Costly sus Real Gems.
New York Commercial.
The alchemy of the chemist Moissan,
who first crystallized carbon under
normous pressure and thus produced
diamonds which were genulbe enough
ut so tiny that they had no commer
cial value, has been surpassed. Guyot
Bolsmenu, a French - engineer, di
rector in a factory turning out cal
cium carbide, has produced larger dia
monds by electricity, and there is rea
son to believe that they can be made
till larger. Molssan's diamonds were
ne twenty-fifth of an Inch in diame
ter and his process was so costly that
lt was Impossible to develop the sys-
em with profit. Boismenu's diamonds
are one-eighth of an inch and grow at
the rate of one hundredth of an inch
n hour, consequently if the electrical
rocess is kept up long enough it
hould be possible to produce a dia
mond as large as a pigeon's egg.
Bolsmenu discovered ln the course of
his work that the fused carbide could
decomposed by electricity and he
egan to experiment alona; this line.
His first success was in 1908. He fed
ragments of carbide into the furnace
slowly, gradually withdrawing- the
lectrodes. At the end of four hours
the crucible contained about six pounds
f melted carbide. An Intense current
was then maintained for the next two
hours. aThen the circuit was broken
and the mass allowed to cool. The
solidified mass showed in its center a
finely crystallized carbide and near the
negative electrode a black friable mass
like spongy carbon. Thrown into water.
this mass gave off carbon dust and
some crystals of pure carbon or dia
monds. Later experiments demon
strated that the size of the carbons in
creased nearly proportionately with the
duration of the electrical current. Not
being able to keep up the currerft more
than 13 hours Bolsmenu has not been
able to produce diamonds larger than
one-eighth of an Inch.
Molssan's process was extremely
complicated. The carbon was first dis.
solved in molten Iron. He then plunged
the crucible Into cold water ln order
that the exterior layer of Iron should
be solidified. The Interior mass still
ln fusion was thus subjected to great
pressure during the course of Its solid-
flcation. This pressure Bolsmenu does
not consider necessary.
Shrewd Old Man.
"You're an old married man. What
do you do when your wife begins to
"Encourage her. I talk back-7-dls-
creetly, of course.'"! say tantalizing
things. I make foolish excuses. I
stammer and get husky."
"But doesn't that make her a good
"Of course, lt does. That's the In
tention. I want her to get so mad
that she won't have any voice left to
ask me for money."
"Gee, I wonder If 111 ever get as
hardened as that!"
Mustache of a Desperado.
x Atchison Globe.
A desperado doesn't have to wear
How to Catch Voters.
A platform demanding longer vaca
tions probably would catch the most
Viewed by Europeans.
Many people in Europe regard this
as a land of religious liberty.
It'a a Help, Often.
All some people do Is to sound I
Curb on College-Yells.
There should also be a censorship for
Copyrlsht. 1914. by The 'Press Publishing- Co.
(The Nuw York World.)
Prosperity Talks (No. 6.)
BY F. D. CARUTHEBS
"How Doth the Little Busy Bee Im
prove Each Shining Hour" may well
be illustrated by the great and growing
Mail Order houses of America.
It 13 true they do not Advertise where
the city dweller sees their name as
often as that of the great Department
Stores, or some of the Big General Ad
vertisers who have brought Prosperity
to themselves and the country generally
by standing as a Bridge of Easy Access
between Supply and Demand.
But they Advertise when and where
you know not. They make their own
Mediums and they use the Newspapers
as an Auxiliary.
There is no let down In Catalogue
Mailing. The Postoffice Department Is
sending out its millions, from Cata
logues weighing two ounces to 4
pounds, and lt Is a faot that they are
now circulating more heavily than
The Mall Order Houses don't quit
don't you quit.
If you haven't got Your Own Million
Names, send your announcement to a
Newspaper that haa to one that is
recognized as the Medium r the Mil
lion, with sturdy, self supporting read
era who buy.