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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 23, 1914)
VOL. LIV. XO. 16,821.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Fighting Continues on
the Yser Canal.
BERLIN REPORTS SUCCESSES
Enemy Declared Driven Back
s Along Entire Line.
TORPEDO-BOAT IS STRUCK
Germans Make Violent Attack on
Environs of Ostend, but Flush
ins Dispatch Says Belgians
f Were Victorious.
LONDON. Oct. 23. "Victory is with
the allies. Seventy thousand men have
been taken prisoners between Chalons
and Longwy. Three suns and 31 flags
have been captured."
This telegrram from the Burgomaster
of Wenduyne, Belgium, is given in an
Amsterdam dispatch to the Central
Wenduyne is a province of West
Flanders on the Belgian coast. Chalons
.and Longwy are. respectively, in the
French department of Marne and
Meurthe-Et-Moselle, nearly 200 miles
southeast of the Belgian province from
which the above dispatch emanates.
BERLIN, Oct. 22. via Amsterdam and
London. The German War Office makes
public the following dispatch received
from general headquarters of the army
"The fighting on the Tser canal con
tinues. Eleven British war vessels as
sist the enemy's artillery.
"East of Dlxmude the enemy was re
pulsed. Our troops have advanced sue-,
cessfully in the direction of Ypres.
Battle Severe Near Lille.
"The battles to the northwest of Lille
re severe, but the enemy is slowly re
treating along the whole line. Fierce
attacks from the direction of Toulon
Heights, south of Thlaucourt, were re
pulsed with heavy losses to the French.
"The fact is that the British Admiral
commanding the fleet off Ostend want
ed to bombard the town, but finally
was persuaded by the Belgian author
ities to abstain."
Warships Also KnaKf d.
The official report, issued late to
' "On the Yser Canal heavy fighting
is still in progress. The enemy was
reinforced by artillery fire from the
eea at a point to the northwest of
Nieuport, but Ui the engagement a
British torpedo-boat was put out of
action by our artillery. . -
"fighting continued to the west of
Lille, and here also our troops have as
sumed the offensive and have repulsed
the enemy at several points.
British Lome Machine Cons.
"The English have lost several ma
LONDON, Oct. 22. A dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from
Wednesday night and today the Ger
mans made a violent attack on the
environs of Ostend, which was re
pulsed by an energetic counter attack
by the Belgians.
"Eleven British warships fired on
the Germans again this morning. Gen
eral von Trip and his staff, who were
together in Leftinghe, near Middel
kerke. were killed by British naval
BATTLE OF COAST COXTIXtES
Germans Do Not Abate Vigor of Pre
vious Day's Attack.
PARIS, Oct. 22. The continuation of
the great battle between the sea and
La Bassee, in which the Belgians and
the allies are holding their ground
was officially reported by the French
War Office tonight. Between Arras
and the Oise the Germans are declared
to have met with strong opposition. The
"The activity which the enemy dis
played yesterday did not slacken today.
Between the sea and La Bassee the bat
tie has continued with just as great
violence, without the Germans being
ahle to force back the Belgian army or
the French and British troops.
"Similarly, between Arras and the
Oise the enemy has made determined
efforts, which have at no point been
crowned with success.
"In the Argonne region we have made
progress between Stubert and Le Four
"To the north of Verdun we .have
pained ground at Haumont and Brabant
on the Meuse. In the Woevre region we
have repulsed an attack on Champion."
The text of the afternoon official an
'"On our left wing. German forces In
considerable strength have continued
their violent attacks, particularly in
the vicinity of Dlxmude, Warneton,
Armentieres. Radingham and La Bas
see, but the positions occupied by the
allies have been maintained.
"On the rest of the front, the enemy
has delivered only partial attacks.
These all have been repulsed, particu
larly at Frlcourt. to the east of Albert;
on the plateau to the west of Craonne;
in the region of Souain, In the Argonne
district: at Four de Paris, southwest of
Varennes; in the region of Malancourt,
in the Woevre district: in the direction
of Champion, and at a point southeast
of St. Mihiel, in the forest or Ailly.
"We have made slight progress in the
Argonne district and in the southern
part of the Woevre, In the forest of
LOSDOX, Oct. 2 Westminster Ab
bey has been insured for S75O.OO0
against damages from aircraft attacks.
BERLIN, Oct. 22, -via wireless to Lon
don. The commander of the Seventh
German army corps has declared that a
general calling out of the landatnrm Is
unnecessary as enormona numbers of
the laadwehr are still available. He
adds that it Ja also unnecessary to call
LONDOV, Oct. 23. The British tor
pedo smnboat Dryad Is reported ashore
at Klrkvrall la the Orkney Islands, off
the coast of Scotland. Her crew Is said
to have been saved.
LOSDOS, Oct. 22. A Norwegian
steamer which arrived at Los Palmas,
Canary Islands, according to n dis
patch from that place to Renter's Tele
Arrant Company, reports that ahe waa
visited by a German cruiser whose
captain declared he had sunk 11 British
and French nnd one Italian steamer.
BERL1.V, Oct. 22, via The Hague aad
London. It Is announced that the
Krnpps are making over for the use
of the German army GOO cannon that
have been captured from the enemy.
TOKIO, Oct. T The Germnn gov
ernor of Jalult Island, which has been
occupied by the Japanese, baa ar
rived nt Yokohama on n Japanese war
ship. The American Consul will ar
range for his return to Germnny
BERLIN, Oct. 21, via The Hague nnd
London, Oct. 22. A German casualty
list Issued today contains the nnmes of
about 11,500 killed, wounded and
LONDON, Oct. It Is learned In
metal circles that the steamship
Trollas, aunk by the Germnn cruiser
F.mdrn, carried, among other thlnga la
her cargo, TOO tone of tin, valued at
nearly a half million dollars. It was
consigned from the "Straits Settlement
LONDON, Oct. 22. The Austrlaa
troops have made further advances In
Bukowlna, according to Budapest news
paper advices, says Renter's Amster
dam correspondent. After driving the
Russians out of Sereth, 24 miles sonth
eaat of Cabernowlts, these advices say,
the Russians went on to Csernowlta,
where they were again forced to retire
In n northeasterly direction toward the
AMSTERDAM, Oct. 22, vln London.
The Germans nre retreating from Mld
delkerke on the North Sea, between
Ostend nnd Westende, according to the
LONDON. Oct. 22. "Reports from the
industrial districts show that the Ger
man mining Industry again la in Jail
swing and that often it is necessary
for the men to work overtime," says
a dispatch received here tonight from
Berlin by the Marconi Wireless Tele
LONDON, Oct. 22. A dispatch from
Veaice says n company of Italian
marines landed nt Avalona today an I
that the Italian Forty-Seventh la
fantry, now at Lecce, is ready to em.
bark for that port.
GERMANS LOSE SUBMARINE
British Report Sinking Vessel In
Shetland Islands Group.
LONDON, Oct. 14. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) British war
vessels have destroyed a German sub
marine near one of the inhabited rocks
of the Shetland Islands in the North
Sea, according to a report from Scot
land. It is said that there was a large
stock of oil, battery plates and extra
torpedoes stored there for submarines
Btriking at the North Sea fleet.
Another report confirms a German
wireless station near Loch Lomond.
Messages nave been intercepted con
stantly, but all efforts to find the ap
paratus have failed, so the rumor runs.
Some shipping men believe a story
that the Oceanic was struck by a tor
pedo from a submarine and ran on the
rocks of the Scottish coast to save her
Such reports spread always during
war times, but the suppression of nows
by the British censors leads to more
than the customary crop of rumors."
MINISTERS' TOUR HALTED
Eugene Men on World's Jaunt rind
ALBANY, Or.. Oct. 22. (Special.)
Their tour of the world interrupted
by the European war. Dr. J. I Hill, of
this city, and Rev. Elbert H. Hicks,
former pastor of the First Baptist
Church, of Albany, are yet in East
Africa, according to word received here.
They left here several months ago
for Australia, intending, after visiting
that country, to visit h.gypl ana me
Hoiy Land and 'then tour hurope.
They visited Australia but their
schedule was interrupted because of
the war and they went to East Africa.
A card received here yesterday con
tained the information that on Septem
ber 13 they were at Beira. Portuguese
East Africa, and yet hoped to visit
the Holy Land. It is probable though
that they will be forced to return
home across the l'acinc
BERLIN TO PROBE PRICES
Government Asked to Fix Maximum
and Inventory Stocks.
, LONDON, Oct. 22. A Reuter dispatch
from Berlin, forwarded from Amster
dam, says the municipality 'of Berlin
has decided to ask the government to
fix maximum prices for potatoes and
to compel retailers to give an account
of their stocks and to sell supplies
which have been held to influence
prices for meat, butter
and lard also are being investigated.
The municipality of the suburb of
Lankwitz. which bought great quanti
ties of flour before the artificial rise
in prices, is now supplying its bakers
at the purchase prices.
TP SAVE WARSAW
Siberian Regiments Are
Sent to Front.
BAYONET CHARGES EFFECTIVE
Village Taken and Retain in
GERMAN CORPS REPULSED
Petrograd Says Great Battle South
of Przemysi Has Been In Prog
ress Six Days and Austrian
Loss Is Large.
PETROGRAD, Oct. 22. The official
news bureau, in a statement reviewing
the fighting around Warsaw, says:
"The Russian troops displayed ex
ceptional energy In coming to the de
fense of Warsaw and saving the city
from a German bombardment. The Rus
sian concentration was effected with
greater swiftness than was called for
by strategical reasons.
"Documents taken from prisoners
who were captured in the fighting
near Warsaw show that the Germans
were confident of entering that city
between October 15 and 17.
Siberians Sent to Front.
"The Siberian regiments arriving at
Warsaw were immediately sent to the
front, but not before they were warmly
hailed by the population, which was
greatly impressed by the martial ap
pearance of these young soldiers. In
their bayonet charges at night. In the
forest of Motchidlovskj the Siberian
soldiers took many prisoners belonging
to the 21st German corps.
"The 17th German corps and some of
their reserve troops, who attempted to
push forward in the region between
Blonie and Frouschkotf," suffered se
verely. It was there that the Siberian
troops, together with other Russian
forces, inflicted terrible losses on the
enemy. Many villages in the vicinity
were taken and retaken . in hand-to-hand
Caucastana Show Great Courage.
"In engagements near Kozienica the
Caucasian regiments also gave proof
of extraordinary courage. For eight
days these regiments were fighting
on the left bank of the Vistula in the
marshes, where the trenches were con
stantly under water. Here they sus
tained the fire of the enemy's heavy
artillery, but all the German attacks
"Several regiments suffered severe
losses and one regiment had three com
manders seriously wounded, one after
"The direction of the great battle
going on to the south of ' Przemysi.
which has been under way for six
(Concluded on Page 3.)
WELL, HEBE WE ABE! j
.............. ................ . . t m m m .........
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWi
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 65.4
derreea: minimum. 42.7 desreea.
TODAY'S Probably lair; easterly winds.
British warships shelling Germans alone
Yser Canal; Berlin says liermans nave
pushed enemy back. - Page 1.
British ships once in critical situation . In
naval battle off Heligoland.- pace
Chinese leaving Hongkong on - account of
war. Page 1.
Russians make quick move io save Warsaw.
Belgian postal clerks refuse to work for
bermam. Page &. x
Pacific Coast fugitive is hero in war sone.
Navy balloons aid in bombardment of Ger
man positions. Page 2.
Britain concedes right to carry oil. Page 2.
Cotton Senators filibuster prevents adjourn
ment of congress. Page X.
Battle of Eastern lines for higher freight
rate will be completed today. Page .
Mrs. Carman makes sweeping ' denial of
murder charge. Page 7.
Steel men proud of Gary dinners. Page 6.
William Lo rimer and 12 associates indicted.
Aggies make auspicious start for Pullman to
meet Washington State College. Page IS.
Cinching pennant establishes Pacific Coast
record., page 18.
Coast League results: Portland 8. San Fran
cisco S; Venice 6. Los Angeles 1; Missions
7, Oakland 0. Page 18.
Sedro-Woolley bank robbers fall into trap
and two are killed. Page 8.
Stefanason's aide is on way to Ottawa to
report on expedition. Page a,
Oregon City merchants wield shovels as
street crew. - Page 6.
Royal welcome given R. A. Booth in Bend.
Commercial aad Marine.
German bark Dalbek goes into dry dock for
repairs. Page 22.
Twentj-cent advance in local flour prices.
Exporters buy wheat in East at decline
Money rates in New York are easier.
Portland and Vicinity.
European trade in grain and flour runs into
millions. Page 1U.
Flying squadron due today to aid prohibi
tion cause. Page 7.
Plans made for installation of memorial
organ in Reed College chapel. Page 19.
Arson case may reach jury today. Page 11.
McArthur"! record in Legislature cited to
disprove Mr. West's charges. Page 11.
Mrs. Vaughn, expert cook, addresses 3000
women. Page 19.
Big vote urged at recall election. Page 1ft.
Commercial Club to Invite every member by
- telephone to at tend' Manufacturers and
Land products Show at Armory Monday
night. Page 11
Mr. Moores asks Mr. Chamberlain to answer
list of questions. Page It.
Non-Partlsan League urges voters to rebuke
recallers. Page 13.
Mayor's secretary scores recallers and asks
sharp rebuke. Page 24.
Candidate Huston makes reply to "corpo
- ration" charge. Page 23.
SENEGAL IS BLOODTHIRSTY
Black. Troops Said to Kill .Prisoners.
WASHINGTON, Oct.- 22. A wireless
message: from Berlin to the German
Embassy says that the Rome newspa
per, Tribuna, publishes an Interview
with an Italian deputy Just returned
from France, who expresses his admir
ation for the Indian troops he saw at
Marseilles. The Senegal troops made
the best impression, he- says, although
they were so bloodthirsty . that the
French army commander waa often
prevented from sending them to the
These negro forces often killed Ger
man prisoners without the knowledge
of their officers and he says that once
these Senegalese murdered all the Ger
man war prisoners in a railway transport.
HONGKONG IN HASTE
Alarr.? opreads as War
TROUBLE WITH JAPAN FEARED
Extraordinary Rumors of Pil
laging Are Rife.
FEELING IS PRO-GERMAN
Chinese Believe Setback to Britain
and France Will Make Own Na
tion More Secure Busi
ness Near Standstill.
CANTON, China, Sept 21. (Corre
spondence of the Associated Press.)
A noteworthy exodus of Chinese hs
taken place from the British colony of
Hongkong and since the end of July
there has been a steady influx here. In
the ifrst week in August the news of
war that reached Hongkong of prepar
ations for the defense ofthe colony, the
proclamation of martial law, the mob
ilization of volunteers and the swear
ing in of special police, with a simul
taneous rise in tho prices of commodi
ties, convinced the Chinese that trou
ble wan coming and the exodus began.
Caatoa la Overcrowded.
Canton, and particularly the Eastern
suburbs, the great residential section
of the city, are overcrowded and rents
have risen 20 and 30 per cent.
The most extraordinary rumors were
current early this month of German
attacks and pillages of Hongkong and
of all sorts of impossible victories and
reverses. These have now toned- down,
though the news Jn the native papers
is almost without exception pro-German
and public opinion believes in Ger
man present and ultimate success.
This may be due to the fact that
probably 90 per cent of the Chinese
who know or care anything about what
is-going on axe hopjnsiardeotly for
German success, the 'idea being that ,a
decided setback to the British and
French would make China's future that
much more secure.
Price of Silk Drop.
Business is nearly at a standstill.
The river and coast steamers are in
many cases running at a loss. The
price of silk has dropped approximate
ly $150 gold a bale, with few buyers,
and this with an unusualy fine year
for the silk crop a bumper fifth crop
having been secured and a record sixth
crop being, expected. The other ex
ports, including matting, tea and gin
ger, are faring similarly.
Foreign banks are open only half
the day, as they have no business and
the money market is nearly paralyred.
Local exchange on the Hongkong dol-
(Concluded on Page 3.)
Thursday's War Moves
DESPERATE fighting continues in
West Flanders and Northern France
between Germany's armies, reinforced
by virtually all her forces in the occu
pied portions .of Belgium, and the
French, British and Belgian troops,
aided by British warships.
Along the coast the Tser River still
divides the contending forces. Neither
side, apparently, has been able to ad
vance, but in the interior, according
to a German report, the allies are re
tiring from several important positions, j
.This statement of the Germans Is
contradicted, however, by the French
communication, which says the allies
have not been moved, despite violent
attacks of the invaders.
All along the front from the North
Sea to the. Swiss border, in fact, each
side says it has repulsed the attacks
of the other or to have made slight
progress at various points. The con
tending armies seemingly are so near
ly equal in strength that neither can
force the other back, pierce the front
or get around the wings.
"The shells of the allies are raining
down upon the Germans at Ostend and
Nleuport, causing terrific destruction."
the Telegraars Antwerp correspondent
reports. "The battlefields are covered
with bodies." the dispatch continues.
"but fresh German troops continue to
arrive. Since morning the Germans
have retreated slightly. A French
squadron is supporting the English
warships, which, the German gunners
have difficulty in reaching. The Ger
man cavalry is useless and the men
and horses alike are being mowed
"The allies' positions are strongly
fortified by entrenchments and inunda
tions of territory. The allies, in addi
tion to Ostend and Nleuport. also are
firing in the direction of Jabbeke
about seven miles southeast of
Bruges, in order to destroy the rail
way line between Ostend and Bruges.
In Poland th preliminary battle, at
least, has moved a little more swiftly.
The Russians report that they have
been able to drive back the first Ger
man offensive move against Warsaw,
the Polish capital, and the fortress of
Ivangorod. All the Russian accounts!
refer to this as a great victory. They
declare the Germans, besides losing
many prisoners and guns, have left
large quantities of ammunition and
provisions in the trenches they had
prepared for their defense.
German hWidquarters heretofore had
made no reference to this struggle, but
it now says that, after several days of
battle no decisive result has been
achieved. Apparently there has been
more fighting on the East Prussian
frontier, where the situation has been
quiet for some time, as the German
report says: "Our troops are pursuing
the retreating enemy In the direction
of Ossowets. "Ossowetz is the fortress
which was in range of the German
guns several weeks ago when their
advance on the Niemen failed.
The battle ' around Przemysi and
south of that city ' still is going on,
but still farther south the Austrian
say they have cleared the Russians
out of Hungary and are advancing
toward Bukovina, a crown land in
Eastern Galicia. with the same object
in view. ,
Lord Crewe. Secretary of State for
India, officially disclosed in a speech
delivered last Tuesday, but made public
only yesterday, that the Indian troops
In France have not yet taken part in
any of . the battles. The men and their
horses required considerable time to
become acclimated, but the belief here
is that they soon will be ready to take
the'.r places at the front.' The hospitals
have been advised to get ready next
week for their wounded.
It was repQrted again yesterday that
Italy had landed marines at Avlona,
Albania. Such a step, it is generally
believed here, would not be resented by
any power at the present moment, when
the situation in Albania is so serious
because of the warring tribes and the
strife between the contenders for the
crown of the new nation which was
surrendered recently by Prince Wil
liam of Wied, who ruled for a few
In an address before the Prussian
Diet yesterday Herr Del Brueck, the
Imperial Vice-chancellor, after declar
ing that Germany had been forced into
the war by the hatred and envy of her
neighbors, said that "Germany will not
lay aside her arms untit she has gained
a victory that will guarantee lasting
Large numbers of Germans and Aus
trians have been taken from London
and interned in the detention camps,
and an echo of the threatened invasion
of the British Isles by Zeppelin balloons
Is found in the fact that Westminster
Abbey has been insured against damage
from airship attacks.
A private letter received fn Amster
dam says that Lieutenant-General von
Moltke, chief of the German general
staff, is dying.
MOLTKE REPORTED DYING
German Retreat I -a id to Staff Cillers
Retirement, Says Writer.
LONDON, Oct. 23. Lieutenant-Gener
al Count Helmuth von Moltke. chief of
the German general staff, is dying.
the Exchange Telegraph Amsterdam
correspondent says a private letter
received in Amsterdam from Berlin re
veals. VEvery thing." the correspondent adds,
"is being done to keep the news secret.
General Von Moltke Is suffering from
an affection of. the liver. The cure he
was undergoing was interrupted in July
by the German mobilization. He has
now bad to leave Emperor William's
headquarters. General Von Falken
hayn. the Prussian Minister of War,
being left in charge.
"Many German officers ascribe the
check to the German advance to the
forced retirement of General Von
Quorum to Adjourn Be
lieved Lost. .
COTTON SENATORS HOLD OUT
President's Dash in Auto to
Sign Bills Fails to Save.
HOUSE IS KEPT WAITING
Democratic Deficiency Measure Is
Law Scores of Members of Both
Houses Leave Capital on
WASHINGTON, Oct. " 22. Filibuster
ing of Southern Democrats who are
lighting for legislation to relieve finan
cial stress in the cotton states upset
carefully-laid plans for adjournment of
Congress at 6 o'clock tonight.
Led by Senator Hoke Smith, of
Georgia, the cotton belt members at
the last moment prevented action in
the Senate on a Joint resolution to
adjourn sine die, already passed by
the House, and it appeared tonight
that unless an agveement could be
reached tomorrow for a recess until
after the November elections. Congress
would stay in session indefinitely, with
out a quorum of either house in Wash
ington. Wllaoa Makea Dash la Aula.
The collapse of the adjournment
programme came after every hope for
its success had been held out. and
supreme efforts had been made to ac
complish the conclusion of the ses
sion after adoption in both houses of
the conference report on the war
A spectacular feature of the situa
tion was a dash by President Wilson in
an automobile from a golf course to
the Capitol to reach there in time to
sign the war revenue bill before ad
journment. The President rushed into
the Capitol followed by Secret Service
men at S:45 o'clock. Attired in his
golf clothes and without his reading
glasses, he hastened into the Presi
dent's room, where the revenue
measure, signed by Speaker Clark and
Senator Clarke, president pro tempore
of the Senate, awaited him. Borrow
ing glasses from Senator Hughes, of
New Jersey, the President signed the
bill and several others which were
waiting for hlro.
Filibuster la Malatalaed.
Senators ran in and out of the Presi
dent's room, holding their watches
while Senator Martin vainly sought to
have passed the resolution which the
House bad passed early In the day.
providing for adjournment sine die at
6 o'clock tonight. At every turn he
was met by the filibustering tactics of
Senator Hoke Smith, who demanded
successive rollcalls on motions to
adjourn until tomorrow, to recess until
tomorrow, and to proceed to consid
eration of executive business. This
kept the Senate busy until 6 o'clock,
the clock In the House having been
turned 'back meanwhile in the hope
that the Senate might pass the resolu
tion. When 6 o'clock arrived Democratic
Senators who had been fighting for ad
journment gave up. The House resolu
tion had automatically died and Senator
Stone moved that the Senate go into
Majority Leader Underwood then
hastened to the House with the an
nouncement that there was nc hope of
adjournment. The House had been
wailing some time without a quorum
trcscr.t and adjournment until tomor
row was ordered.
(taenia. Bellevcil Improbable.
Representative Underwood said later
that he did not believe it possible to
get another quorum to pass an adjourn
ment resolution until after the elec
tions. Before 6 o'clock had arrived, in fact,
scores of Representatives and Senators
had left town and otheis took later
Majority Leader Kern and other
Democratic Senators were equally dubious-
of any adjournment this Lime,
but it was said that a rec-s plan
might be agreed to by members from
the cotton states, with the understand
ing that bills calculated to relieve the
cotton states would be taken up after
Senator Smith and ills colleagues
filibustered all day. ouc after scveial
houri yielded long enics"h fjr a vota
on the war revenue conference report,
which was agreed to by a vote of 35
Adjoarameat ta Blorked.
An effort was then inado to izec up
the adjournment resolution, Dut this
was blocked on a motijn to table made
by the Senator from O-iweia.
Immediately a point of no quorum
was made. In the meantime the House
was without a quorum and Representa
tive Underwood conferred with Senate
leaders and prevailed on them to recess
until 5:30 o'clock before attempting to
adjourn, because it was necessary for
.the House to have a quorum present
so Speaker Clark might sign the war
revenue bilL The House quorum final
ly was rounded up but when Ahe Senate
reconvened at 6:30 the southern Sena
tors resumed their filibuster so de
terminedly that hope of adjournment
was soon abandoned.
The House after a vigorous struggle
(ConcluacU, on page i)