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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 22, 1914)
TTTE MOKXTXG OTHSOONTAT?, THURSDAY, OCTOBEP 22, 1914.
V BIGGEST SIEGE GUN
OF ALL PROJECTED
Report Now Credited That
Krupps Are at Work on 60
l. Centimeter Ordnance.
TRANSPORT IS POSSIBLE
Humors of Intention . to Bombard
British Coast Not Believed Pur
pose Probably Is to Arm Naval
Base on Englisb Channel
THE HAGUE. October 10. Corre
spondence of the Associated Press.)
To the manors that the Krupp works
at Essen are building 56-centimeter
guns nas now been added another
the assertion that the same plant is
turning out 60-centimeter siege pieces.
While it is hard to believe this.it must
be borne in mind that a siege piece of
42 centimeters, the existence of which
was doubted before the war, has be
come a convincing1 reality, as has also
the Austrian 30.5-centimeter piece,
which, even after the outbreak of the
war, was looked upon as the object of
an interesting fable.
To be sure, a 30.5-centimeter (about
12-inch) gun was not in itself a nov
elty. That the Austrlans would be
.able to make such a piece mobile for
field purposes, however, was thought
out of the question. The same process
of reasoning was applied to the Ger
man 42-centimeter or 16 -inch gun.
A mathematical relation of cause and
effect led to the conclusion that a
16-inch gun, while possible, could
not be transported easily enough to
permit its use in the field. Neverthe
less, it was shown that, though the
German 42-centimeter gun weighs
about 26 tons, transportation difficul
ties had been overcome.
Existence Believed Possible.'
Since the increase in weight of a
66-centimeter, or 22-inch, gun over a
42-centimeter gun would not be great,
and since the increase in & 60-eenti-meter
or 23-inch gun over a 22-incher
would be an almost neglible quantity,
the existence of such pieces need not
be doubted in this respect. If it Is
possible to move over ordinary roads
and across soft fields a 26-ton piece,
it is not unreasonable to expect that
a gun weighing 35-tons would offer
no new transportation problems.
No attention need be paid to popular
rumors making the rounds in Ger
many that the new pieces are designed
to bombard the English coast from the
coast of France.
The 56-centimeter and 60-centimeter
pieces, should they -actually exist,
would consist of arming some naval
base on the Channel, which the Ger
mans hope to establish in the course of
this war. It is maintained that Calais
has been decided on as the best local
ity for such a base.
Krnppi Employing 46,000 Men.
There is an authentic report that In
the Krupp (establishment more than
46,000 men are busy day and night
turning out war material.
It is of some interest to know with
what the French oppose these heavy
pieces. , According to an article in the
Berliner Lokal Anzeiger of September
28, the French use a 27-centimeter
mortar- smaller than the Austrian
mortar piece and a 120-millimeter and
150-millimeter flat trajectory gun. In
addition, there is a 138-rnillimeter gun
or older pattern. To facilitate com
parison, the Austrian, French and Ger
man equipments are given in a table
- of millimeters:
Austian motor-battery piece SOS
German aiegre mortars and howitzers. . 420
rrench mortar 2
French flat trajectory piece, heavy 150
French . flat trajectory piece, lighter. . . . 120
French fortress piece, old style......"... 138
German piece, said to be in course of
trerraan piece, said to be m coarse of
manufacture . 600
Between the French mortar of 27-
cm. caliber and the German 42-cm.
there is a difference of 15 centimeters,
while between the much-heralded
56-cm. gun and the original "Brum-
mer" there is one of only 14 centl-
meters. It must be admitted that in
view of these proportions even a 60 -cm.
gun seems possible enough.
SECRET PHONE IS USED
Kxtondcd System Employed by Ger
mans in Russian Poland.
WAS HEROES Or TODAY No. 5.
i 'i V h!" """ ' '' '"'
GERMAN tDLA5 WHO WON IRON CROSS.
The most envied man in the famous German cavlaxy corps is this trooper
of'the Uhlans, who boasts that he has been nearer to England during the
Uhlan raids in the war. than any other German soldier. During; the raids
of the Uhlans this trooper penetrated into the very heart of Oatend: as this
is the nearest approach to England, he ias been rewarded with the iron
cross promised the soldier who came nearest to entering; England.
French Report Revival as Allies
RAW MATERIAL IS NEEDED
Dressmaking and Millinery Almost
Restored to Normal and Some
I looses Are Preparing- Mod- '
els for Americans.
BERLIN MAYOR SAYS
HEWS IS PERVERTED
Appeal Made to Mayor Mitchel,
of New York, to Help
BATCH OF ITEMS IS SENT
PETROGRAD. via London. Oct. 21.
L"""Ref usees from Russian Poland have
brought information concerning: a se
f fret telephone system of which the
Germans have made extended use.
.(. tnwr, I,, b.c, ci j tries, dressmaking and millinery, are
..rfi.r or oi,o , k- ii.j . thowiiiit sisns of improvement if not
compiere revival. r,auiuiiijaiuBuia eyc-
PARIS, Oct 10. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) Business is un
questionably taking courage from the
success of the allies in standing off the
Germans on the Aisne. The French
Chamber of Commerce announces a
great improvement in transpostation
facilities and puts itself at the disposi
tion of all branches of trade and com
merce to secure such concessions from
the civil and military governments as
will assure supplies of raw material
necessary and protect exports and im
ports in transit. Industries such as
chocolate and candy making have suf
fered from scarcity of crystalized sugar.
The Germans seem to have been
aware of the distress of these Import
ant industries, and have made a point
of bombarding sugar-mills throughout
the territory oocupied by them.
The American Chamber of Commerce,
as a result of a misunderstanding re
garding the scope of its efforts to
maintain business relations between
France and the United States, has been
overrun by representatives of French
houses who called with samples, sup
posing that, as some French papers
announced, the chamber was in actual
possession of orders for 300,000,000
francs worth of goods. No such orders
were ever in hand but the chamber
has done a (treat deal to bring French
manufacturers and American importers
The two distinctive Parisian indus-
by Germany against Belgium and at
the same time to guarantee the main
tenance of the independence and of the
integrity of Belgium In the future. Bel
gium is happy to be able to declare that
she will undertake the defense of the
" 'Davignon, Minister of Foreign Af
fairs. Rmla aad Death Preferred.
' "Where is to be found the- alleged
military convention, said to have been
concluded in 1906, with England? Where
is any trace of the alleged agreement,
said to have existed since 1906, between
the allies and Belgium to force war
on Germany? These documents clearly
prove that such compacts never ex
isted. . "The Belgiau nation preferred ruin
and death to the shameful perjury pro
posed to her by Germany. For this rea
son alone Germany has devastated and
immersed in blood a peaceful little
country. Today she seeks to rob her
of honor, her only remaining treasure.
The official documents, the confes
sions of the German statement, the
ruins of Lou vain, Malines. Aerschot,
Termonde and of as many villages
burned and razed to the ground, the
blood of her children, unjustly massa
cred, are the testimonies which the Bel
gian people cite before the tribunal of
public conscience. To this tribunal,
without fear, the Belgian nation con
fides the cause of her honor."
Bequest Made That German War
Dispatches Be Displayed in
Sources of Public Information.
Foes Charged With Deceit.
NEW TOEK, Oct. 21. Mayor Mitchel
received today from the Mayor of Ber
lin a letter requesting him to act as
news distributor for the German gov
ernment In this city and to have Ger
man war dispatches "displayed In the
sources of public information."
Mayor Mitchel was out of town to
day and no announcement was made at
his office as to what reply be would
make to the communication.
The letter, dated Berlin, September
22, and addressed "to the municipal
administration of New York," is as fol
lows: "Our German fatherland has the
greatest imaginable interest that dur
ing this present struggle, in which it r
is ngnting ror its existence, neutral
lands may in the future no longer be
informed concerning the events of the
war exclusively through the press of
"BIonatroM Perversions" Charged.
"The monstrous perversions of the
foreign war reporting, which not only
suppresses the truth when it is uncom
fortable for them but also spreads sys
tematically malicious falsehoods for the
purpose of damaging the reputation of
Germany, compel Germans in this mat
ter to make an earnest defense.
"Especially does the municipal ad
ministration of our city regard it as
its patriotic duty to take official steps
to make continuously accessible to the
authorities and the citizens of great
municipalities of neutral states the re
ports of the German press of the prog
ress of the war.
. "The German newspapers publish
regularly the dispatches from the Ger
man headquarters upon the state of
affaira This information, which comes
plain and unadorned from uncontam
lnated sources, will give to the world
constantly a trustworthy and clear
view of events. A comparison of these
reports with those In the press of our
adversaries will show hereafter on
which side the truth was to be found
and on which side lies and hypocrisy
have made their home.
Dally Papers to Be Sent.
We shall be under the deepest ob
ligations to the honored administration
of your city If we shall have the pleas
ure of seeing that our appeal to your
sense of justice and impartiality has
been successful and if you will be will
ing to accept our reports and direct
them to the sources of public informa
tion In your place and if possible bring
them to immediate knowledge of your
citizens by having them exposed in the
public reading-rooms or in any other
We enclose herewith some of the
war dispatches of Wolffs Telegraphic
Bureau for the month of August. We
shall send you daily newspapers reg
Manning's Coffee Store
Fourth and Alder
Bassee. They all were repulsed by the
allied armies with great energy.
"At all other points the situation is
without any notable change."
BERLIN. Oct. 21 (via Amsterdam and
London.) Official announcement given
out by the German military headquar
ters today says:
"Severe nghting continues on the
Tser Canal. The enemy's artillery was
supported from the sea northwest of
"The fighting west of Lille continues.
Our troops, taking the offensive, re
pulsed the enemy at several pointa
In the eastern theater of the war
no decision yet has been reached."
0. A. G. TEAM OFF TODAY
CORVALLIS BOV SALSO HAVE SOME
the home of a non-Polish resident, giv
ing the man s name, in the house in
variably there is found a telephone, and
the cellar is stocked with benzine or
gasoline, canned soups and other pro
visions. By the telephone the Germans estab
lish communication with the rear. They
inform headquarters of their exact
whereabouts and even seek from vil
lages ahead of them information as to
the best roads.
The Russians are taking steps to de
stroy this system.
JAP BATTLESHIP SIGHTED
Ilizen Won't Enter Port at Honolulu
Whore German Boat Is Repairing.
HOXOLULTT, T. H.. Oct. 21. The
Japanese battleship Hiien, fully coaled
and provisioned, appeared today off the
harbor here, but will not enter. The
little German gunboat Geler is still
undergoing repairs here to her crippled
engines. After these have been com
pleted she must either put to sea or
interne here for the duration of the
It may be found necessary to send
to the mainland for parts necessary to
refit the Geier's engines, in which case
the repairs will take at least a month.
Rear-Admiral $tioore and Collector
Franklin, after a conference regarding
the situation, warned Captain Kawan
ami. of the Kizen, to preserve neutral
ity, and received assurances from the
The refugee ship O. J. D. sailed pre
sumably for Hilo an hour previous to
the arrival off the harbor of the Hizen.
ENEMY REPORTED FLEEING
(Continued From First Tag-e
that the Russian losses' in Przemysl are
about 40. COO exceeds the real losses
cializing in mourning are particularly
Many houses are getting models
ready in anticipation of the trade of
Americans still in Switzerland, some
of whom have announced their inten
tion of passing through Paris as soon
as circumstances make the trip agree
COMPACT AGAIN DENIED
(Continued From First Pare-)
German naturalists aie Interested in the
fACl that the wild rabbits of that country
Beem to be changing- their habits, among
other things building their nests above
ground instead of in burxowa
resist the pressure of Germany and
maintain neutrality. They will be sup
ported in their resistance by England,
who in such case is ready to co
operate with France and Russia if such
is the desire of these three govern'
ments in offering an alliance to -the
said governments to repel the employ
ment of force against them by Ger
many and a guarantee for the future
maintenance of the independence and
the Integrity of the three kingdoms.
" 'I pointed out that Belgium is neu
tral in perpetuity. The Minister of For
eign Affairs replied:
" "It Is for the event of neutrality's
" 'Count Ie Lalalng, Belgian Minister
Belgians Appeals to Pawera.
"No. 40 Belgium appeals to the poir
ers after the invasion of Belgium, let
ter addressed to the Ministers of Eng
land. Russia and France in Belgium.
" 'Bruxelles, Aug. 4. 1914. Monsieur le
Ministre: The Belgian government re
grets to have to announce to you that
this morning the armed forces of Get
many penetrated into Belgian territory,
violating the engagements which they
have taken by treaty. The Belgian gov
ernment Is firmly decided to resist by
all means in their power.
" "Belgium appeals to England, to
France and to Russia to co-operate as
guarantors in the defense of her terri
tory. There should be a concerted and
YOUNG TURKS CONSPIRE
ALBANIANS BEING UNITED
Rome Newspaper Calls oa Italy to
Bring Manifest Violation of
Neutrality to End.
ROME. Oct. 20. The Giornale
d'ltalia says the Toung Turks are con
ducting a campaign in Albania designed
to make the Albanians fight the
Servians. This, the paper says, is a
violation of the neutrality of Albania,
guaranteed by the conference of Lon
don. The only country now in a posi
tion to enforce the agreement of the
conference of London is Italy, owing
to her neutrality, and the newspaper
urged that the " government take
measures to prevent any further viola
tion of Albania's neutrality.
The Tribuna, discussing the same
subject, remarks that Franceand
lireat Britain, wnn a view to respect
ing the neutrality of Albania, did not
occupy any part of her coast as
base of operations, thereby sacrificing
their own Interests. The newspaper
adds that if Italy occupies Avlona for
humanitarian reasons, this must not
deter her from meeting the grave
problems arising from the European
RAW MATERIALS LACKING
Compelled to Close.
VENICE, Oct. 21, via Paris. Short
age of raw materials, notably cotton.
wool. Jute and petroleum, is greatly re
stricting production in many branches
of manufacture in Austria-Hungary,
according to advices received here. It
is officially estimated that the sup
plies of some of the most necessary
raw products are barely sufficient for
the next two months. Factories are
closing and the number of unemployed
is increasing steadily.
This applies, not only to the chief
manufacturing districts of Morovia and
Bohemia, but to many other points,
such as Trieste, where the unemployed
already number several thousand.
CHINESE TOWNS RUINED
Loss of Life Is Large and Thousands
Are Near Famine.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 2L Entire
Chinese villages were swept away in
the tempest which interfered with the
early operations of the Japanese
against the German fortifications at
Kiau-Chau, it was made known today
in the report to the State Department
from the American Vice-Consul at
Not only was there large loss of life
but thousands were made homeless and
left to face famine. In the last week
of Augnst there was a series of heavy
rain and wind storms, which culminated
on the night of September 8.
Waahlaartoa State Aggreantioa at Pall.
naa to eB Met With Substitutes
la Orearoa Line.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE.
Corvallis, Oct. 21. (Special.) Seven
teen or 18 Beavers, accompanied by
Coach Stewart and Manager May, will
make their exit from Corvallis tomor
row for Pullman, where the Washing
ton State eleven will be met Saturday.
The number of cripples who have
been out of scrimmage this week, the
slovenly manner in which practice has
proceeded, the genuine apprehension of
the coaches and a deep realization,
born of sad experience, that there is
much truth in the Scriptural statement
that pride goeth before a fall, com
bine to keep the Aggie fans far from
Captain Gus Hofer. whose work at
full and tackle Saturday was of a high
order, has been laid up with a "Charlie
horse" of exceptional severity. He will
make the trip to Pullman, though he
will be out of condition as the result of
his layoff. "Andy" Anderson Is an
other hospital patient, the victim of i
peculiar malady. In Saturady s game
on the water-soaked local field Ander
son became Involved In some lime used
to denote a boundary, said corrosive
calcium compound finding its way be
neath the veteran's jersey. As a re
ult Anderson is nursing a burn on his
bac kas large as a porous plaster. It
is doubtful if he will be taken to
Billie King, end. got mixed up with
woodlift at his fraternity house and
received a nasty gash ' In his hand.
which will handicap him for a time.
At an athletic board meeting last
night it was decided to put the matter
of the location of the Oregon game di
recti y up to a student body meeting
which will be held tomorrow. The
sentiment among the students seems to
be divided between Albany and Port
land. The unfinished condition of the
Ileal field makes it seem unwise to at
tempt to handle a big crowd here this
year. At the meeting tomorrow the
advantages of both Portland and Al
bany will be discussed and a vote
0STEND IS UNDER HOT FIRE
(Continued From First Pace.)'
dPIUM RING SENTENCED
Government Sends Three to Jail in
Effort to Break Combine.
- CHICAGO, Oct. 21. The Government
task of breaking up the so-called "million-dollar
opium ring," in Chicago, was
completed today when Judge Carpen
ter in the United States Court sen
tenced three of the offenders.
Chin Kee was ordered to jail until
he pays a fine of $10,000 and court
costs; Leung Chin, who pleaded guilty,
was given five years in prison, and
Don Fook. accused of importing the
common action, naving as its object to i jruK. was sentenced to five months In
resist . the measures of force employed ' the County Jaw.
buildings to open a way for their ar
On Tuesday reinforcements for the
allies arrived with heavy grins and.
after an all-night bombardment, the
allied troops were successful.
BELGIAN'S FIGHTING BRAVELY
Line of Kilometers Hejd and Counter
LONDON, Oct. 22. The official press
bureau issued the following state
ment at midnight:
"Throughout yesterday the enemy
made a vigorous attack againBt the
Tallies' front but was beaten back,
sulferlng considerable losss. The
Belgian army in particular dis
tinguished itself by its spirited and
brave defense of its position.
"In regard to the above announce
ment by the war office, the press
bureau has received from an authentic
source the following description of the
Belgian army s work:
" 'For the last four days the Belgian
army has been In the trenches holding
a line of some 30 kilometers (18 Vk
miles) with the greatest determina
tion against heavy odds.
" 'On several occasions the Belgians
have made brave and successful counter
attacks against the German forces and
have shown the soldier-like t3litiea
that have distinguished ' their ft-mj
during the long period they have been
fighting against superior forces of the
enemy in their country.
VIOLEVT BATTLE EV PROGRESS
Paris Says Allies Continue to Hold
Line on Left Wing.
PARIS. Oct. 21. The official state
ment by the French War Office reports
a violent battle on me leit wing, wnn
the allies' forces holding their groun
everywhere. The text is:
"On our left wing, from the North
Sea as far as La Bassee, on the several
fronts, from Nieuport to Dixmude. from
Ypres to Menin and from Warneton to
La Bassee. a violent battle nas Deen
fousrht during the day.
"According to the last advices th
allied forces were holding their ground
"There is nothing to report regard
ing the center or the right wing.
The early report today said:
"During the day of yesterday the a
tacks of the enemy were particularly
violent at Nieuport. Dixmude and La
FAMOUS MR. RECTOR DEAD
Xew Yort's Noted Restaurateur.
70, Heart Disease Victim.
NEW YORK. Oct 17. Charles E. Rec
tor, for years one of New York's most
famous restaurant proprietors, died at
his home in Rumson, N. J. He was 70
years old and his death was' due to
heart disease, from which he had been
sufferer for year a
The name of Rector in connection
with good things to eat and drink first
attracted attention in Chicago, where
many years ago the famous caterer
opened a restaurant. That business
having prospered, Mr. Rector grew am
bitious for a larger field and lmmedl
ately after the war with Spain e
barked in business at Broadway and
Success came at once. Later Mr.
Rector erected a hotel building on the
same site and in this venture is said
to have lost most of his fortune) of $1,
EMDEN SINKS FIVE MORE
German Craiser in East Indian
"Waters Continues to Do Damage.
LONDON, Oct. 21 The German
cruiser Emden has again been sinking
BREAKS A COLD,
HEAD AND NOSE
"Pape's Cold Compound" ends
severe colds or grip
in few hours.
Tide land, or
328-329 and 330-331
Of all the people in the state, there are not many of us
who own any of the so-called tidelands, so we are apt to
thinfr we are not much interested in these bills (323-329
and 330-331), which are supposed to give back to the
state the water frontage or" tidelands. But think this
property is now paying taxes at a high assessed value.
If these bills carry it will reduce the value of such prop
erty 20 Million Dollars
That means Twenty Million Dollars' worth of property
now paying taxes will no longer pay any taxes. But, as
it costs just as much to run the government as it ever did,
the rest of us have to make up the difference. And what
do we get for it? Law suits, running for many years,
which absolutely kill all waterfront development, and if
we win in the end all we get is title to some mud land
below low water line not wide enough in any place to
build docks on and absolutely worthless to anybody ex
cept the owner of the shoreland.
All the advocates of these bills claim is that when the
city wishes to build public docks and has to condemn the
shoreland back of the low water line, the city can get this
land cheaper than it can now. "We are not going to build
many public "aocks, for we have no use for them, and
yet in order to save a few thousand dollars for the three
or four docks we want to build, we are going to cut down
the assessed value of all this waterfront land. Do you
call that good business t
By Geo. C. Mason, Mgr.
Northwestern Bank Bldg. Portland, Oregon
British steamships, this time at a point
150 miles southwest of Cochin. British
India, according to a report received
by the Admiralty from Colombo. Ceylon.
She has sent to the bottom the Brit
ish steamships Chilkana, Trollus. Ben
mohr and Clan Grant, and the dredger
Ponrabble, bound for Tasmania. The
British steamship Exford was captured
Why Aro Ten Tans of Qusnino
Used Every Year?
This enormous quantity of Quinine alone (representing
about l-30th of all the Quinine produced in the world)
is required for the preparation of Laxative Bromo Quinine,
Seven Million (7,000,000) Boxes of which are used
every year because of its extraordinary merit.
After reading the accompanying label from the box of
As excellent remedy for Coughs and Colds. Relieves the
Conch and also the leverish conditions and Headache.
which are asnally associated with colds. The second or
third dose will relieve the Conch and Headache and will
move the bowels well within 8 or 10 hours, when the cold
will be relieved. Ia treating colds it is very important that
the bowels should move well every day. This preparation
moves the bowels gently without cripine. and s rouse the
liver and all the secretions to action. Directions: Adults
two tablets isfe aaMpse sad shonld be taken immed
iately sftertfch merraJejlcoinc to bed. Some per
sons, who frUcypnlZytyjejyTlAe sufficient
to just keepfke bowels open freely until the Couch and
Cold is relieved: then take one-half the dose for a few
days. Children who are not old enough to swallow pills, the
tablet can be broken or cut in half and given in proportion
to ace. To be swallowed not chewed. For headache, take
2 tablets every 2 or 3 hours until relieved
what it does and how
it does it, you can
understand why this
remedy is used so
effectively by so
many millions of
you feel a cold com
ing on think of the
(Fac-slmile of label on back of Laxative Bromo Quinine box) -DrOmO Quinine.
but remember there Is Only One
To Cot Tho GENUINE, Call For Tho Full JVamo
USEB THE WORLD OYER TO CURE Jk COW II OKE OAT
aaoa- tor thlm mlgnmlmrm
Mi t hm sex. Mm SBom
Relief comes instantly.
A dose taken every two hours untU
three doses are taken will end grippe
misery and break up a severe cold
either in the head, chest, body or limbs.
It promptly opens clogged-up nos
trils and air passages in the head, stops
nasty discharge- or nose running, re
lieves sick headache, dullness, ieverish
ness, sore throat, sneezing, soreness
Don't stay stuffed up. Quit blowing
and snuffing. Ease your throbbing
head. Nothing else in the world gives
such prompt relief as "Pape's Cold Com
pound," which costs only 25 cents at
any drug store- It acts without as
sistance, tastes nice, causes no incon
venience. Be sure you get the genuine.
Kansas City, New York
Superior service via Santa Fe from San Francisco, through
Los Angeles, and you can stop and visit Earth's Scenic Won
der, the Grand Canyon of Arizona, on your way.
Let me make up your next itinerary. Will be glad to make
all your reservations. Drop me postcard for descriptive
H. E. VERNON, Gen. Agt. Santa Fe By
122 Third Street Phone Main 1274