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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 22, 1914)
THE MORXIXG OREGOJiTAN, THUIISDAT, OCTOBER 22. 1914.
Entered At Portland, Ores on. Postotflcs
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PORTLAND, THURSDAY, OCT., 28, 1814.
our psychology in this desirable
It is high time that the United
States should cut loose from Europe's
apron strings and begin to "walk alone.
Every push the war gives away from
support that we do not need will be a
benefit to us.
' A FRIENDLY WARNING.
Justification for the seizure of the
American steamer John D. Rockefel
ler by a British warship is not easy
to find. She is a neutral vessel bound
from the neutral port of Philadelphia
to the other neutral port of Copen
hagen with a cargo of illuminating oil,
which had not been declared contra
band by any notice sent to the United
States Government prior to the seiz
ure. Illuminating oil has since been
declared contraband, but that should
not affect a cargo already afloat and
consigned from one neutral port to
The only reason offered for this seiz
ure is that the cargo was consigned to
Copenhagen for reshipment to some
German port and that the oil is capa
ble of being used as a munition of
war. The first point remains to be
proved. The second point cannot hold
jrood in view of the failure to declare
Illuminating oil contraband before the
Tessel was seized.
Seizure of the Platuria can be jus
tified only by the plea that the recent
transfer from German to American
registry is a subterfuge and that the
cargo is contraband or that the dec
laration of London made in 1909 is in
effect. If the vessel is owned by
Americans, it has the rights of neu
trals unless the cargo should be proved
contraband. The convention of Lon
don upholds a belligerent in refusing
to recognize transfer of a hostile ship
' to a neutral flag within sixty days of
a declaration of war. It has been
stated that this declaration has"- not
been ratified by either Great Britain
or the United States, but James
Brown Scott, an authority on inter
national law, says that it was signed
by the British delegates with the ap
proval of the Cabinet and does not
require ratification by Parliament.
Representative Temple said in the
House that the declaration had been
ratified by the Senate, though ratifi
cations had not been exchanged. He
also said that France and Great Brit
ain had announced their intention to
put it into effect, and that the prac
tice of nations would make it interna
tional law. Italy put it in effect dur
ing the Tripolitan war also.
Should that declaration not be irt
effect, there would still be cause for
seizure if it could be proved that the
Platuria was still owned by Germans,
but it is very doubtful whether this
can be proved. The vessel is owned
by the Standard Oil Company, which
has long pursued the policy of own
ing everything used in its business
pipe lines, tank cars, steamships,
even wagons and that company
probably owned it under the German
flag, but if the Platuria had been
owned by Germans at that time, it is
not likely that the Standard would
have risked loss of a valuable cargo by
making only a bogus purchase. The
Standard is never short of money to
buy a steamship, and doubtless could
make money on the investment. Great
Britain seems to have gone to the ex
treme limit in these two cases.
To a dispassionate American mind
It would seem good policy from the
standpoint of British interests for
Great Britain not to push its vigilance
to such extremes in preventing goods
from reaching Germany. A few ar
bitrary seizures might easily change a
neutral opinion in America to one of
antagonism toward Britain. When the
time comes to end the war, American
public opinion may have much influ
enc6 in deciding the terms. It would
be greatly to Britain's advantage to
have this opinion friendly to her. In
the interest of Great Britain, hef cruis.
crs would be better employed in run
ning down the Emden and the Lelp-
sic. which are harrying and sinking
British ships, than in seizing the ships
of a, so far, friendly Nation.
My opponent believes in harmony. I be
lieve in fighting. If the Legislature tries
put over wasteful and extravagant legis-
lstlon X will be very far from harmonious.
will probably use my prerogative, the veto.
to protect the already overburdened tax
payer. rr. C. J. Smith, in Albany speech,
I happened to be Governor of this state
when Dr. Smith was a member of the State
Senate. I never found him wanting in the
interests of progress or the cause of Just
and right. Senator Chamberlain at Salem,
The forgiving and the forgetting
nature of . Senator Chamberlain is
beautifully 'illustrated In this lovely
tribute. He fails to recall that State
Senator Smith voted against but four
f the twenty-four bills which Gover
nor Chamberlain vetoed. Was Dr.
Smith acting for or against the "in
terests of progress and the cause of
just and right" when he disagreed
so often with the Governor?
But the Chamberlain tribute is no
more touching than the Smith tribute
to himself as one who is opposed to
harmony." The most consistent har
mony Senator the Legislature has
seen, bar none, was Smith of Uma
tilla. He is on record for practically
all the wasteful and extravagant acts
of every Legislature from 1903 to
But if he promises to be out of har-
many as Governor with the Legisla
ture, there is no question that he will
be in complete harmony with the
IT MEANS MAJORITY RULE.
The form of ballot adopted for the
Portland recall election and now up
held by the Supreme Court is exactly
what it ought to be.
The question of the fitness of the
officer against whom a recall is di
rected Is the main issue. Unless it be
squarely voted upon it develops into
a hazy, abstract proposal subordinated
to considerations of friendship or
other Inclination for one of the can
Heretofore the conception of a re
call election has been that it is simply
requirement that the incumbent
hall run against one or more candi
dates for his office before his term
has expired. It may so happen that
plurality in such an election may
cause the removal of an officer when
the majority would prefer that he
remain in office rather than have the
candidate who received the plurality
For example, A may be elected by
40 per cent of the vote, while B, the
incumbent, receives 30 per cent and
C 30 per cent, when as a matter of
fact all who voted for C would have
preferred to see B remain in office
than have A elected.
This is not so likely to happen un
der the preferential system in use in
Portland, but the Supreme Court de
cision establishes the ballot form
adopted in Portland as the proper one
in all recall elections. That form in
sures that an officer will not hereafter
be recalled unless a majority of the
voters so desire.
ate his own utterances, and The Ore
gonian has insisted that he said what
he said. That is all there is to the
complaint about "misrepresentation."
When The Oregonian had readily
said that as a newspaper it would com.
pletely report the Booth-West meet
ing, Mr. Booth thought it proper to
seek to secure a similar advance state
ment, promising full and impartial
consideration, from the West paper,
the Journal. That delectable newspa
per refusnd to make any agreement.
It would not engage itself to the prin
cipals in the debate to do anything.
However, the partisan and prejudiced
news policy of the West organ is not
of concern to The Oregonian. It is
generally known that it doffs not print
the political news at any time, and
it prints very little else. It merely ex
ploits its favorites and garbles, dis
torts and eviscerates in its accounts
the sayings and doings of the others.
The Booth-West debate will be an
interesting and unique affair. Both
principals are entitled to fair play.
The public wants to know what is said
and done. They will get it, on this
occasion, as on all others, from The
HOW LONG IN OREGON t
Where was James Withycombe born ?
Why all this mystery t Why hide the fact
that he was born in England? Medford
No other newspaper In Oregon has
had the raw effrontery to seek to
make an issue out of Mr. Withycombe's
long-ago English nativity. Not an
other. But this vicious and nasty lit
tle Medford paper doesn't hesitate at
anything, except the truth. -
The further statement is made by
the Medford paper that ''Information
regarding James Withycombe's birth
and citizenship is carefully elimlnat-
d from the official pamphlet issued
by the Secretary of State." The state
pamphlet sought to cover Mr. Withy
combe's forty-three years' fine record
in Oregon. That would seem to be
adequate. But if all dates, and places.
and other vital statistics are to be
given, let us turn to page 24, of the
official pamphlet, where we find a
handsome portrait of Dr. Smith, and
among other complimentary things.
Born in- 18B4, Dr. Smith's early years
were spent on an Ohio farm, where he
worked to secure means for an education,
lie attended Starlin Medical College.
Columbus, Ohio, and graduated at Bellevue
niversny, rtew xorjc in isau.
Why all this mystery? Where was
Charlie Smith born? Are reports true
that he also came from Canada, where
Governor West was born?
JUDGE BENNETT'S ROLE.
Judge Bennett is performing his
duty as a citizen and as a defeated
candidate when he supports Dr.
Smith, the. Democratic nominee, for
Governor. Judge Bennett is probably
not enjoying himself a great deal on
the stump; but he takes his medicine.
He is the victim of the Chamberlain
West-Smith machine; but he is an old
warrior and not given to showing his
sores in public.
He knows, as all other informed
persons know, that as the nominee he
would have had behind him an enthu
siastic and united party, while his
successful opponent is sadly handi
capped by a divided party; but he
keeps his own counsel. He knows
also that as the candidate he might
reasonably have expected to be elect
ed, and that in all human probability
Dr. Smith will not be; but he cheer
fully faces the inevitable.
Judge Bennett accepts the arbitra
ment of the Democratic voters of the
state, and acknowledges his obligation
to abide by the result. In the Re
publican primary we see the same
spectacle. It has not always been so,
and is not in every Instance so at this
time. It ought to be.
OUR GROWING INDEPENDENCE.
The war seems likely to encourage
United States independence along
many lines. The European resources
upon which we have been in the habit
of relying and which have retarded
the spirit of self-help have now been
cut off in so many directions that it
will be wonderful if we do not learn
to produce supplies of our own. This
applies not only to material things,
but to the domain of art and litera
ture as well. It is more than probable
that a genuine United States develop
inent in painting, music, fiction and
so on will come to light before many
years in consequence of the self-reli
ance which the war will force upon us.
In some departments of industry
this advance movement is already ap
parent. -The Federal Department of
Agriculture has sent out a circula
which discusses the effect of the war
upon horse-breeding. Americans have
usually preferred imported animals to
those of native stock. Something o
the glamour which surrounds foreign
tenors and sopranos hangs also around
Percheron stallions. Our breeders, as
we learn from the Government docu
ment, have been willing to pay $2000
ror a foreign animal, while for one
bred at home and quite as good in
every way they would give no more
than $1200 or $1500. There is every
thing In a name, at least for some
Now the supply of foreign stock is
curtailed. From France and Bel
gium it has been cut off entirely.
From England, the land of Shires and
Clydesdales, it has been greatly dimin
ished. We shall have to depend, for
a while at least, upon domestic breed
ing animals. The Department of Ag
riculture assures us that no harm will
result. As a rule the foreign-bred
animals are not a bit better than those
we produce at-home. Our domestic
stallions are equal to any that can be
found in foreign parts if ye can only
bring ourselves to appreciate their
- merits. The war will help reform
Governor West has been driven into
acceptance of Mr. Booth's challenge
for a joint public discussion of Mr.
Booth's qualifications to be United
States Senator. First he sought to
avoid the issue by raising objections
to the time and the conditions, offer
ing the flippant counter-suggestion
that Mr. Booth appear at a West
meeting, where upon request he would
be given an opportunity to reply
Then, being pressed farther, he of
fered other stipulations, among them
that The Oregonian should print
verbatim account of whatever he, as
well as Mr. Booth, might have to say,
The Oregonian is not a principal in
the Booth-West controversy; besides
no self-respecting newspaper any
where would unreservedly bind Itself
to turn over control of its columns to
Governor West, Mr, Booth or anyone
else. But The Oregonian has no doubt
about its duty to the public and it has
furnished the folloujng statement as
to its policy in reporting tne ueua.Lt .
The Oregonian will make on Saturdthy
morning an adequate and impartial report
of the Booth-West meeting. It would be
Dhysically and mechanically impossible
print a stenographic report of the meetln
unless all the copy should be delivered to
The Oregonian by 12 o clock midnight;
(This will be foond to be impossible). On
Sunday morning, however. The Oregonian
will print impartially and completely in th
exact language of Governor West and i:
the exact language of Mr. Booth whatever
may have been said at the Booth-West
meeting that is pertinent to Mr. Booth'
campaign or the subject under discussion,
which is Mr. Booth's qualifications to be
Senator. It will give the same space to
Now there is "complaint from West
sources that "The Oregonian sets itself
up to judge what is pertinent." Most
emphatically it sets itself up to judge
what is pertinent for publication in its
own columns. It will not be deterred
from performing its function as
newspaper by the effort of Governor
West to obtain its pledge to spread
over its pages all the things he has to
say, printable and unprintable, about
all matters, relevant and irrelevant.
and about any person, friend or foe.
Nor is it influenced by the astoundin
misstatement of the Governor that its
news reports are doctored, nor by th
persistent and calumnious falsehood
of his pliant newspaper organ, the
Evening Journal, that The Oregonia
"places words in the mouth of the
Governor he never said." The Gover
nor has sought on occasion to repudi
fool with money that he does not
know what to do with and sharpers
buzz round him like bees round a fra
grant flower. Usually, like' the busy
bee, they fly away richly laden with
COUNTRY SERVED IN SAME OLD WAY
Present Democratic CeBrreu, na Others,
Briauxs on Trouble.
PORTLAND. Oct 21 (To the Ed
itor.) In the letter Issued a few days
ago to Representative Underwood Presi
dent Wilson went so far astray in de-
It will surprise many to read that I scribing the beauties of "his policies"
the Federal Supreme Court is a more
progressive body and nearer the peo
ple than many lower courts. The jus
tices are usually mature men when
appointed and they pass away rather
speedily. Thus the personnel of the
court is subject to frequent renewal
and with new men fresh ideas are im
ported, while a single fossil may per
vert justice on some lower bench for
half a century.
that he said "the people of the country
have been served by this Congress as
they have never been served before.".
With that respect that is always due
the President of the United States, it is
well to remark. Just the same, that the
people of the country have been served
this way by every Democratic Con
gress with which it has been afflicted
for a full half century.
In his message to Congress In 1857
President Buchanan said: "In the midst
of unsurpassed plenty we find our
manufactures retarded, thousands of
It is predicted by enthusiasts that I useful laborers out of employment, and
the Pacific Highway will be in excel
lent order from San Diego to Vancou
ver, B. C, by the middle of next Sum
mer and all the way to Alaska within
a year or two. Maybe it will, but if
the enthusiasts were well acquainted
with some road supervisors along the
highway we fear their ardor would
abate a little.
Eastern apple growers have their
troubles, too. They are getting from
$1.75 to $2.50 a barrel for their crop,
while last year the price ran from S3
to $3.25. Big orchardists in the Shen
andoah Valley who obtained $25,000
each for their crop last year are not I saying that,
the country in a deplorable condition.'
Precisely that condition prevails at
this time, solely because the present
Democratic Congress has served the
country" as that other one did in
Buchanan's time attacked the indus
tries of the people, opened our markets
to the laborers of the world and pro
duced business stagnation in every
And the Democratic Congress in 1893
"served the country" in exactly the
same way. The very anticipation of its
work on a threatened free-trade plat
form caused President Cleveland to call
an extra session of that body in August
of that year, and in his message to it
he detailed in the most woeful manner
the frightful condition then prevailing.
'although the country is
marketing it this year. This is sad
readings but misery loves company.
With President Wilson making up
with Henry Watterson and with. ex-
President Taft renewing friendship
with "Pure Food" Wiley, these are
days of reconciliation. If the rulers
of the five great warring nations
would take the hint and embrace each
other, how much bloodshed and weep- I Cleveland complained of were aggra-
rich in natural resources and is blessed
with abundant crops," "suddenly," not
by degrees, but "suddenly" securities
had lost their values, financial institu
tions had been wrecked, men were out
of employment everywhere and busi
ness chaos was to be seen and felt in
Then that Democratic Congress be
ban to "serve the country" as it had
promised to, as the present one h
done, and the same conditions that
ing might be saved.
A contemporary gravely assures us
that nations do a great many things
"which men never do." Thus nations
commit such crimes and follies as
waging war and sacking cities, "but
men never." We had always sup
posed that nations were men, or at
least men and women. But live and
The State Department has "de
manded" that the Britons release an
American ship captured by them. If
they do not why we shall be forced to
change our demand to a request and
then forget the matter.
vated and continued until a Republican
Administration was inaugurated in
1897, as everybody knows.
President Wilson's memory is at
fault. Every Democratic Congress we
have had during the last 50 years has
served the country as the nresent one
has always producing business stagna
tion and throwing out of employment
thousands of useful laborers, as both
Buchanan and Cleveland pointed out,
and the country is suffering the same
wide-spread depression again.
After awhile, perhaps, the working:
men of the country will learn that
when we open our markets to the com
petition of the laborers of the world
we invite disaster to our own people as
surely as that two and two make four.
Oh, yes; the country has been
"served" this way before.
T. T. GEER
FEAR OF WAR IS CAUSE OF WAR
Need Is (or Unconquerable Sentiment
Agalaat Armed Conflict.
HILLSDALE, Or., Oct. 18. (To the
Editor.) I have read the letter of "A
Student" in answer to Mr. Charles E.
Kietching, relative to the value of a
navy in preserving peace, and 1 should
like to correct some of the errors in
If it is true that nations war upon
one another because they consider
themselves prepared and equipped to
conquer an unprepared antagonist, is
it not also true that they make war
through fear of the growing military
power of a prepared antagonist? Why
are some of our statesmen today advo
cating a strong Navy for this country?
is it because we have been attacked,
or because we are afraid?
Tou see it when we are afraid that
we talk war and preparedness for war,
not necessarily when we are brave or
when we have actual cause for war.
Nations that are equipped for war fear
each other, and the slightest diplo
matic slip or difference of opinion is
made an excuse for proving which is
the strongest. For how can a people
live at peace in its fullest sense, know
ing that some other power can enforce
So long as physical strength is made
the criterion of superiority, so long
there will be war. In a school, for in
stance, a boy has, figuratively speaking,
won for himself the title of "war lord."
He is a bully, physically powerful, but
utterly lacking in manly principle, else
he would not be a bully. Another boy
appears on the scene who gives every
evidence of being as strong as he, the
bully. If physical prowess as a means
of getting what one wants be the
standard of excellence in that school,
there can be no peace until those two
boys fight it out until the test is
But if physical strength be admired
and sought after from the standpoint
of health and for the power it gives its
possessor to help those weaker than
himself; if the sentiment of that school
be strongly opposed to its exercise in
such a way as to injure another, then
those boys will be friends and will use
their strength for good causes.
It is just so with nations. What we
need is an unconquerable sentiment
against war. not an unconquerable Navy
or Army. Let us spent our millions for
the promotion of peace instead of the
building of men-of-war and the manu
facture of big guns. Let us have an
alliance of all civilized nations, a peace
pact so strong that none dare break
it; a universal disarmament that will
forever destroy men's fear of war.
Destroy the fear of war and you de
stroy war itself. MART H. FORCE.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
THE REAL DANGER.
If it be true, as some opponents of
the nonpartisan judicial y bill fear,
that a horde of incompetents, seir-
seekers and men not in sympathy with
law enforcement, would apply for of
fice under its terms, it is perhaps per
tinent to suggest that whether the bill
passes or is defeated, the Oregon bar
might find it profitable to purge its
membership. Frankly we were not
aware that a horde of such undersir-
able individuals had succeeded in get
ting within its sacred precincts.
If the bill passes there is likelihood
that there will be a number of inex
perienced but ambitious lawyers who
will seek to profit by its liberal pro
visions. Washington once had a non
partisan Judiciary law that was equal
ly liberal. It brought many candidates
into the field, but capable lawyers of
judicial turn of mind did not show
greater reluctance to become candi
dates then than they did before. The
law has been changed. There is now
a sifting process. But on the Supreme
Court ticket this year is the name of
one candidate thought by most of his
fellow-members of the bar to -be at
least temperamentally unfit. He had
previously been defeated under the
more liberal statute, but now he has
survived the first sifting of the more
rigid law. The change did not wholly
eliminate the undesirables.
But the law on the Oregon ballot
would be improved by the inclusion of
preferential voting system. That
provision the Legislature is at full lib
erty to add if it sees fit.
The character of the current cam
paign has emphasized the need for re
moval of the judiciary from party pol
itics. Fortunately the candidates for
udicial positions have so far quite
generally escaped personal abuse and
invective. But as to other candidates,
there is what has the soiled thumb
marks of an organized effort to dis
courage for mere sake of party poll
tics any future offer by men of worth
and substance of their names as can
didates of the dominant party. If it
succeeds there is no reason to hope
that the next assault will not be upon
Slander, calumny and coarse invec
tive such as have been directed against
honest, conscientious, intelligent citi
zens who have dared to brave the
Democratic machine are far more to
be feared as tending to keep good men
out of future elections than is mere
competition for honors by inconse
There is a slight decrease in the
price, of some foodstuffs which went
soaring when war broke out. If this
good movement keeps up we may be
able to resume a regular eating sched
ule once more.
"Confidence is the only thing need
ed to restore business nrosnerirv."
sag's Wilson, with enough votes to
make a Republican majority in every
Congressional district, he failed to
The "peace" conference In Mexico
may move to "a safer place" on ac
count of Villa's attitude. Then they
must contemplate leaving Mexico al
together with their conference.
The commander of the Third Aus
trian corps has been removed from
command because of a severe cold.
Which settled in the region of his ped
al extremities, we take it
With approach of cold weather the
nocturnal hold-un shows activity. A
few well-dJrected shots by victims
qnick on the trigger will do much to
dishearten the industry.
The next few weeks will demon
strate the suitability of women for
service on election boards. Their en
deavor should be confined, when pos
sible, to daylight duty.
QUERIES AS TO NORMAL SCHOOLS
Pertinent Facta As to Their Pnst Use
fulness Are Desired.
PORTLAND, Oct. 21. (To the Ed
itor.) I will appreciate it it some of
the advocates of the re-establishment
of state normal schools at Weston and
Ashland will inform the public from
authentic records kept by those schools
when they were formerly in operation
on the following points:
1. What percentage of the students
attending were residents of Oregon?
2. What percentage of the students
attending were residents of the county
in which the school was located?
3. What percentage of the students
attending were residents of the town in
which the school was located?
4. What percentage of the students
attending the schools finished the
courses and graduated
5. hat percentage of the students
graduated passed examinations and se
cured licenses to teach? -
6. What percentage of those securing
licenses followed teaching a year or
two only asv a means of temporarily
gaining a livelihood, while fitting them
elves for some other calling?
7. What percentage of those securing
licenses followed teaching permanently
as a profession?
I would like to have the numbers un
der each question given as well as the
percentages. Answers will enable vot
ers to determine whether the schools
really accomplished the purpose of edu
cating teachers who are actually teach
ing, rather than serve the communities
where they were located as high
schools, maintained at state expense. I
know this information is, or was (and
certainly should be), in possession of
Els;ht-hour Law nnd Railroad Men.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Oct. 17. (To
the Editor.) Please advise what effect
the so-called eight-hour law, which is
to be voted on in Washington and Ore
gon, on November 3, will have on train
and engine men on either inter or intra
state railways. E. L. T.
The Federal law on the same sub
ject would prevail except on an intra
state road which . handled no inter
state traffic. The federal law applies
to intrastate railroad men even though
their runs are entirely within one state.
provided the road on which they are
employed is engaged in interstate
The Mexicans will guarantee the
safety of everyone if troops are with- I those schools, as I gathered it at one
drawn from Vera Cruz. Of course.
anything guaranteed by the Mexicans
is all right.
Cape Haytien strives bravely to
keep on the war map with its usual
heavy firing, but it is shoved into a
corner by the big fight in Europe.
time when all the normal schools were
before the Legislature demanding an
propriations for maintenance.
C. W. HODSOX.
BELOVEI) BV COLLEGE STUDENTS,
One Telia of Good Impression Made by
Dr. Withycombe at O. A. C
PHILOMATH, Qrv'.Oct 20. (To the
Editor.) The m&cious and unwar
ranted attacks upon Dr. Withycombe
during this political campaign prompt
me to make the following statements
I was a student at the Oregon Agri
cultural College when Dr. James
W ithycombe was elected to a chair in
the faculty of the aforesaid institution.
In those days there were chapel ex
erclses every morning and the faculty
took turns in leading the exercises.
We students were imnrAMnH with
The "want-ad" page is the market the manner in which Dr. Withycombe
place of the world. The Mayor of conducted his share of the chapel serv-
New York found a suitable man for a ice.
If vodka Is anything like the old
style North End booze, as has been
said, the Russian drinkers are to be
congratulated on its suppression.
The German cruiser Emden is still
doing business in Asiatic waters. Pos
sibly the Japs will get her when there
are no more islands to seize.
$5000 job by advertising.
RARE BOOKS AND SWl.VDLERB. ,.
From all accounts the "rare book'
business continues to prosper. It
holds its own with patent medicines
and green goods remarkably well. Its
prosperity, like that of other hum
hugs, depends upon the vanity and
ignorance of simpletons. Rare books
costing kom (10,000 up to $50,000 are
usually sold to weak-minded widows
and "gentlemen of culture." The bait
most often used to hook the victim is
a promise to resell tne invaluable
treasures before a great while at an
enormous advance. This wins the
victim's cupidity. The "art" aspect of
the purchase wins his vanity.
The Federal Government i trying a
criminal case in the East which origi
nated in one of these "rare book"
swindles. Among the victims of the
sharpers was a widow who agreed to
pay $52,000 for an extraordinarily ar
tistic set of rubbishy volumes. The
swindler who fooled her was intro
duced to her by Governor Wells, of
Utah. Think of the morals of a state
Governor who would be guilty of such
a trick. No doubt he played his part
in the game thoughtlessly, but he can
not escape responsibility by pleading
ignorance and good intentions- When
a man gives a letter of introduction he
ought to know what he is about.
Another victim was a "gentleman
of culture" living in an old and highly
aristocratic Massachusetts town. His
numerous ancestors had left him a
distinguished' name and plenty of
"money, but they had somehow omit
ted to transmit the ordinary share of
good sense. The book sharpers flat
tered his pride of culture, the silliest
pride in the world and the easiest to
humbug, and finally worked off an
invaluable set of volumes for "the low
price of $3600." It was worth about
Swindles of this sort have been ex
posed over and over again, but they
go on just the same as ever. -Given a
It is just as well to be frank about
It. A vote for Mr. Booth is a vote for
the best man as well as a vote for
I remember well the remark of one
young man when he said, "That is the
kind of a man I like to see. He can
give a prayer straight from the heart.1
We were always impressed with the
sterling character, splendid enthusiasm
and sincerity of purpose of Dr. Withy
combe. He is a man with a great bif
heart and a broad mind. He has cer
tainly labored consistently for a higher
citizenship and tne material prosperity
The electorate of Oregon should be
proud of the opportunity to select
Another casualty list of 1012 Brit- I James Withycombe as Governor of our
Inh officers is nublished. The flow of oeiovea uregon.
At least the Russians are not mak
ing the mistake this time of having
their troops commanded by old Gen
ROBERT H. GELLATLY.
Approprlntion for Insane.
DALLAS, Or., Oct. 19., (To the Edi
tor.) Can you -give me the amount
given by the taxpayers to the Western
Oregon Insane Nisylum for 1913; also
an estimate of the value of the- land
Germany has decided to permit the I buildings, machinery and chattels held
promotion is kept rushing during war
Berlin estimates the loss to the al
lies at three-quarters of a million,
which is light as war figures go.
exportation- of sugar to neutral coun
tries. By what route, please?
While Europe distributes medals
for slaughter, Portland distributes
them for dahlias.
Begin early to arrange to entertain
out-of-town guests for the second
week in June.
by the asylum in 1913?
- W. J. BOOSEY.
The appropriation for the Insane
Asylum at Salem for 1913 and 1914
was $507,000. According to the State
Board of Control no estimate of the
value of the land, buildings and chat-
Iteis of the Institution has been made.
and it would be difficult to arrive at
om The Oregonian, October SO, 1SS9.
Baker. Or The Baker City and Can
yon stage was held up yesterday morn
ing at 6 o'clock near Union Creek. The
mail sacks were robbed of all regis
Salem. George Barker was ar
raigned here yesterday on a charge of
having robbed Samuel Stott. of Port
land, during fair week. William Zen
holm, of Multnomah County, and A. K.
Gregg, of Lake County, were appoint
ed notaries public by Governor Pen
noyer. San Francisco William Sproule. of
the Southern Pacific Company, is slated
to become second assistant general
freight agent of the company as the
result of the resignation of J. C
Stubbs as general traffic manager and
the official changes that will be conse
quent. Tucson. Aris. Judge T. L. Stiles, re
cently elected to the Supreme bench of
Washington Territory, who had been
Indicted, apparently through political
connivance, on six charges of embez- -zlement,
etc. while acting as the as
signee of Hudson & Company, was vin
dicated completely here today when
the trial was called, and In a compara
tively short time all the indictments
Washington The Government has
decided to investigate the subject of
The beautiful residence of J. It.
Smith, at Mount Tabor, is nearing com
pletion. Commenting on the cheese furnished
at the barbeque yesterday. Pioneer A.
J. Dutur. now of Wasco County, took
occasion to remark that he was the
first cheesemaker in Oregon, and that
he took the first premium for cheese
at the first county fair held in Mult
nomah County, in 1860.
Manager J. P. Howe, of the New
Park Theater, returned yesterday from
Victoria, B. C, where he leased a the
ater. He now controls between 12 and
15 Northwest theaters.
James McDevitt. the 15-year-old son
of Thomas B. McDevitt. died yesterday
as the result of being shot a week ago
by the colored Pullman porter. H. E.
Beerbohm Tree made his first ap
pearance as King John a few days ago
at the Sydenham Crystal Palace.
Prince Hatzfeldt and Miss Clara Hun
tington, daughter of C. P. Huntington,
will be married soon, it is announced
Rev. H. Knowles. of MeMinnville,
fell into the cellar of the new Holman
Fliedner building, on Fourth street.
Friday night and was painfully injured.
Half a Century Ago.
World's Gold Supply.
PORTLAND. Oct. 16. (To the Edi
tor.) (1) What is the estimated wealth
of the world?
(2) What is the estimated amount of
gold in the world?
ONE OF YOUR READERS.
The only estimate readily available
is the total for the United States,
Great Britain, Ireland, France, Ger
many, Russia, Austria-Hungary, Italy,
Belgium, Spain, Netherlands, Portugal
and Switzerland and is $444,800,000,000.
(2) The stock of gold in, the prin
cipal countries of the world oh January
1, 1912, according to' the report of the
director of the mint, aggregated $7,-
How He Began Life.
New' York Times.
"I understand you began your life
as a newsboy," observed the friend ad
"No, replied the millionaire.
one has been fooling you. 1
life as an infant."
Effect of a Wet Blanket.
Hokus I never knew such a wet
blanket as Flubdub. Pokus That's
right. If that fellow should jump from
the frying-pan into the fire, he would
put out the fire.
Play Witn a Happy Ending.
Houston, Tex.. Post.
"Did the play have a happy end
ing?" "You bet it did. Some one in
the gallery hit the villain square in
the face with a tomato."
Discussion on the War.
Regy Van Velvet Isn't this war dis
tressing? Mrs. Wayupper Oh, I don't
know the European season was about
From The Oregonian, October 22, 1S64.
About 7 o'clock last night a party of
men on horseback rode through Front
street in this city, hurrahing for Jeff
Davis, cursing Abe Lincoln, and defy
ing any person who should cheer for
Lincoln. They had just enough "tan
glefoot" In their systems to make them
give vent to their rebellious feelings.
Marshal Hoyt and Deputy Sheriff Arn
old pursued the men. but were unable
to find them at the stable where they
left their horses.
W. A. Daly, an old Oregonian, and
for many years, in the pioneer days, a
printer in this establishment, has at
length received an office. He has spent
most of his life joined to the idols of
Democracy, and is now elected to the
position of Clerk of Boise County,
Cedar Creek. Va.. Oct 19. General
Sheridan reports that his army was at
tacked near this city before daylight
this morning. His left was turned and
driven back with the loss of 20 pieces
of artillery, v General Sheridan was at
Winchester at the time. Hastening to
the field, he reformed his troops, and
repulsed the enemy.
Edward Pickett, aged 37 years, died
on October 17 at the residence of John
Graham, near Hillsboro.
I will pay $100 for any information
that will lead to the discovery of the
mean, cowardly and contemptible
scoundrel who is in the habit of disfig
uring my building at First and Stark
streets. Signed: William Cree.
The accident that left Turn Verein
Hall without a .roof a short time ago,
has resulted In good, if anything. The
society may now congratulate itself
upon the appearance of its building.
Governor Gibbs has received a tele
gram at the state capital from Major-
General McDowell, saying he shall ex
pect a regiment of Oregon volunteer
infantry to be raised as soon as pos
sible. This is probably under the neces
sities that will soon exist in this mili
tary district at the expiration of the
Japan continues to occupy islands in
the Pacific. Just what she said she
would not do.
There must be a bad system
bookkeeping in the . Idaho
IS 10 Vote On Prohibition.
PORTLAND, Oct. 21 To the Editor.
Kindly inform me If the question of
state-wide rjrohibition has ever been
' I submitted to the people of Oregon as a
State I whole, and if so what the vote was.
The Hizen is waiting to make two
bites of the little Geier off Honolulu.
The Republican ratification will be
celebrated a week from Tuesday.
An Austrian force has just repulsed
a body of Russians. At last!
The Panama Canal is open. Apply
for passage at either end.
The question was submitted in two
state-wide measures in 1910. "On the
constitutional amendment the vote was:
Yes, 43.540; no, 61,221. On the general
statute the vote was: Yes: 42.651; no,
Oregon had previously defeated pro
hibition in 188$.
Now they're after the steel trust
It'll be a hard case.
CONDON. Orl, Oct 18. (To the Edi
tor.) mease print tne correct pro
nunciation of the word '"Ghent," a city
in Belgium. SUBSUKIBIbK.
Gent "g" as in go.
In dread review a mighty train of
From limbs sweeps the columns of
Forgotten shades of vast unnumbered
The rank and file of war's unholy
From every clime they troop with
From every age since man began to
The hapless earth a "bivouack of the
A solemn stage for horror's dread
Here crested Knights appear in rusted
Who braved death to win a monarch's
There heralds bold "salute" with trump
- and hall
Grim warriors dark from Illlum's
In lurid tones the eternal chorus runs.
A hurled stone, a club, a feathered
The cruel spear, the sword, the shock
Cunning matched with cunning, craft
O precious gift. O joyous thrill of life
So cheaply held; the races rush to
Their courage vaunt in desolating strife
And dyes with blood fair nature's
Glory? Fame? Alas, what worth are
In yon lone trench where stricken
No more for them the joyous warmth
Eternal "taps" has hushed the battle
Yet hope exists the world may -wise
Let reason rule, let love and pity
That man may seek the nobler streams
Through verdant fields to peace and
ULU. M. SASU3,
Legality of Election.
PORTLAND, Oct 21. (To the Edi
tor.) How . can Commissioner Daly
submit, under the law. and the Mc
Nary and Grant ordinances, the pro
posed water act ordinance? Do not
said ordinances provide that all initi
ative and referendum ordinances must
be filed with the Auditor 30 days be
fore being acted on?
Can a special election be held under
the charter? Section 22, old charter.
1903, was repealed. The new charter
contains no specific and direct author
ity to hold special elections. Mr. Daly's
ordinance was not Hied witn tne Audi
tor 30 days before calling the special
election. S. 8. SMITH.
An amendment authorizes the filing
of an ordinance for submission to the
electorate not less than 15 days prior
to the day of election. The City At
torney states that there is ample pro
vision for calling: a special election.
Temple of Childhood.
PORTLAND, Oct 21. (To the Ed
itor.) Please inform me as to where a
person would send a child's picture to
be placed in the buildina; of children's
pictures at the San Francisco Exposi
tion. C. H.
Fpr all particulars address Temple
of Childhood, Underwood Building, San
Give the Child
Hobbys are good for the active
child. An interest in photography,
in fishing, in sports, in book collect
ing, keep energies directed in whole
some, constructive channels.
The love of the arts, of music, of
reading, can be inculcated early in
There are many suggestions that
will appeal to the child's particular
bent among tho merchandise the
stores are showing.
They are frequently told about in
the advertising in the daily news
paper. Glance through the advertising
columns of The Oregonian and you
may find the very suggestion that
will add to your child's happiness