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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONTAN, TTTESDAT, OCTOBER G. 1914.
Entered at Portland, Oregon, Postoffice as
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FOKILA.ND, TIESDAY, OCT.,
DO THEY SAVE BY FIGHTING?
Some of the belligerent nations may
have calculated that actual war was
less expensive than peace armed to
the last man and the last dollar.
Chairman Gary, of the United States
Steel Corporation, estimates the cost
of the war much higher than others,
who have placed it at $50,000,000 a
day, or II 8,000,000,000 a year. His
estimate is 430,000,000,000 a year, but
even at that figure war may prove
cheaper than the sort of peace Eu
rope has had for forty years.
In twenty-five years armed peace
had cost the great powers $25,000,
000,000, and the cost has grown year
by year at so rapid a pace that a
French economist places the army
and navy expenses of the six great
powers at $2,000,000,000 in 1913
alone. That is. at the rate of $50,000,
000,000 in 25 years. Judge Gary esti
mates that a, year of war costs fifteen
times as much us a year of the kind
of peace Europe has recently "en-r
joyed,' leaving out of consideration
indirect and remote cost. If the pow-s
ers could be confident that a year of
war would end militarism and settle
finally all the disputes which give rise
to it they might see an ultimate sav
ing in spending fifteen times a year's
outlay in one year.
They may have been driven to this
desperate way of escape by signs that
they had reached the limit of their
capacity to pay military expenses.
France and Austria-Hungary had
given signs that they could raise no
more money by taxes. In Great Brit
ain and German military expenses
have increased faster than the aver
age income of their people for the last
forty years. Realizing that they were
near the point of financial exhaustion,
the nations may have welcomed the
opportunity to end it all in one grand
struggle to the death.
The war Is a contest not only of
military skill and, valor but of finan
cial endurance. The powers are, in
effect, spending in advance the
amount they would have spent on
armament In the next fifteen years,
assuming that they continued the
present scale. British income tax and
naval expenses each doubled in the
last fourteen years, and the people
might have endured another doub
ling in the next fourteen years. That
amount of increased taxation now
threatens to be spent in one year.
Should the war last a year the British
nation can pay the principal of its
cost by doubling the income tax for
fifteen years, but will need further
taxes to pay the interest. That done,
they can settle down to paying inter
est on their pre-existing debt, and, if
the settlement should be such as to
justify reducing the scale of arma
ment, they ean begin paying off the
One can see from the estimates that
great armament provokes war be
tween nations of approximately equal
strength. It is a lasting guaranty of
peace only as against a nation of
known inferior power. The tendency
Is to add more armament in a struggle
for superiority over a rival until a
breaking point is finally reached.
-When a nation realizes that it cannot
raise money to add another ship, an
other cannon or another regiment the
disposition, ia to fight and get it over
with lest further delay-enable the foe
to gain superiority. That thought may
have led the nations to seize upon the
Servian dispute as an occasion good
as any other for bringing things to an
Will the nations be able to slacken
up on armament after this war ends?
Will the defeated accept defeat? Will
the victors dare to disarm, even par
tially? International enmities will
have become, intensified; a vast num
ber in each nation will have tasted
blood and will have their own fighting
blood up; there will be national heroes
to deify and to inspire the rising
youth with a thirst for glory; great
numbers in each country will have a
sordid interest in supplying war ma
terial and in holding jobs contingent
on war. It is as difficult for a nation
steeped In militarism to forsake mill
tarism as It is for a man steeped in
alcohol to stop drinking.
THE XjONG-SrFFERTNQ OREGONIAN.
The Oregonian has sedulously culti
vated the faculty of forgiveness Sor
many a long year and with such suc
cess that it flatters itself with the
' belief that there are few whips and
- scorns which it cannot smilingly over,
look. Most of the time The Orego
nian, in consequence of its innate, and
acquired virtue, sits like ' Patience on
a monument and lets the heathen
rage and the wicked imagine a vain
thing. But once in a while there
comes from some unexpected source
; a taunt so, bitter and withering that,
. do our utmost, we cannot pass it by
: with a forbearing sigh. We try, as
r duty requires, but we try in vain.
Such a taunt comes, like a dagger
In the dark, from the North Yakima
Republic, when It accuses The Ore
gonian or -denouncing pie. And, as
if to turn the weapon in the poisoned
wound, the Republican basely insinu
ates that there was a time in the far-
off days of yore when the editor of
; The Oregonian did not scorn pie for
breakfast, as he does now, when his
vast wealth enables him to revel in
boiled eggs and fried bacon.
In those days, sneers the Repub
lic, tne editor, being poor and hum
hie, posed as a friend to pie, and it
adduces evidence, deceitfully convinc
ing, that he was known to eat six
appfe plea at a itting, usually in the
early morning, and was glad to take
huckleberry pies on subscription. The
Republic more than insinuates that
the editor of The Oregonian still in
dulges this monstrous taste In secret.
. while he rails at pies of all complex
ions in public. Thus he leads & dou
ble life, ox at any: rata our contems
porary says ha does, and It suggests
as an appropriate punishment for his
hypoerlsy that "he be run through the
press or be chapped UP into mince
The Yakima Republic ought to
make more certain of its facts before
going to such lengths of invective.
The Oregonian has not "denounced
pie." . It has merely said that pie ia
a deadly poison which saps the vigor
of the body and undermines the vir
tue of the soul. We have not denied
that it tastes good nor have we ever
hinted that he who eats it does not
gain more than he loses.
Hits GOOD NAME.
There is no informed citizen in
Oregon who does not know that the
progress of the state has been en
hanced by the personal part Robert
A, Booth has played rn the develop
ment of Oregon industry.
There is not a lumber concern In
Oregon but knows that Robert A,
Booth built up a great business
by honest, thorough and far-seeing
There is not a financial institution
in Oregon but would be strengthened
by the name of Robert A. Booth
among its directors, thus giving added
confidence in its stability and trust
worthiness. Thereis not a business institution
in Oregon but knows that the name
of Robert A. Booth is the synonym of
sterling worth and sound credit.
There is not an educational institu
tion in Oregon" but has been benefited
by the intelligent, disinterested and
generous 'efforts of Robert A. Booth
to be helpfuKto deserving young men
and young women.
There is not a religious institution
in Oregon but would be proud to en
roll the., name of Robert A. Booth
among its supporters and cpmmuni-
There is not a public man in Oregon
but knows that the service of Robert
A. Booth in the State Legislature was
useful, earnest, sincere and construc
tive, and that he had at all times the
courage and the candor to do what
he thought should be done, without
regard to consequences.
There is not a man, woman or child
in Oregon who knows Robert A. Booth
well but believes in him implicitly;
and those who have known him
ongest trust him most.
Yet now that he is a candidate for
United States Senator, his political
opponents, for their own purposes, dig
in the mud and mire for slander, in
nuendo and falsehood about him, and
seek to hold him up to publie execra
tion as an enemy of public progress
and a looter of the public domain.
These things are not true.
But Robert A. Booth in the Senate,
working for Oregon and the people,
and accustomed to large affairs, will
measure up to tne Dest standards or
Oregon's public men.
BOSTON'S RISE IN BASEB1LI.
Boston won the - baseball pennant
of the National League by a continu
ous spurt, .beginning in the middle of
the Summer and lasting until the
game that "pinched" the champion
ship. From that hot day in July
when the upward climb began until
the victory that put both Chicago and
New York out of the running, the
Boston Braves -won sixty-two games
and lost but sixteen.
New York has won three champion
ships in succession; but it has pot been
able to achieve a world's champion
ship since 1905. The Philadelphia team
of the American League was an invin
cible hoodoo for the Giants; and they
were not able to do any better witfl
the Boston Americans. We don't
know why, unless it is because they
could not play such good ball. That
would seem to be reason enough.
Somehow we are glad New York
did' not win the pennant, for we are
tired of seeing them go against Phil
adelphia, only to get licked.. It isn't
good sport to have one unconquerable
champion. We reached that conclu
sion, too, before Jack Johnson reached
his high pinnacle in pugilism. Vari
ety in championships and in play is
the life of sport. .
Some team will some time whip
those Athletics. It must be a better
team; indeed we don't want it done
unless it is a better team. But we
have high hopes of the Braves from
WHY NOT ANSWER ?
The Oregonian has said that . the
$1500 exemption would take taxes off
the moderately well-to-do and pile
them on the poor on one hand and
the rich on the other. The statement
is flatly denied by the single tax Port-'
land Journal. The Oregonian has
more than once made this statement
and has given the reasons for it. The
reasons have never been refuted. Af-
ways they are met with flat denial-
The only shadow of argument to
controvert the statement is that "every
taxpayer, whether rich or poor, is
given the right to the $1500 exemp
tion. But how the loss In revenue
is to be made up thereafter is left In
mystery. All inquiries directed to
supporters of the measure on that
point are met with appeals to preju
dice or impugnation of the motives of
An exemption on everybody who
has $1500 worth of personal prop
erty or improvements or less to
exempt means a falling pff in reve
nue. That failure in revenue must be
met by the imposition of a higher tax
levy. The poor man who has but a
trifling amount of improvement and
personal property and some land will
find that his exemption is more than
offset by the higher tax levy on his
land. Jt ia inevitable, unanswerable.
The rich man who has a certain
value in personal property and im
provements or other property left
after deducting his exemption, be he
merchant, manufacturer, farmer or
banker, will also discover that the
higher tax levy increases his taxes. Tt
is inevitable, unanswerable.
The main benefits will accrue to
the moderately well-to-do, whose
property remaining after the exemp
tion is applied is not disproportionate
to the amount exempted. That, too,
is inevitable, unanswerable.
The Oregonian challenge the pro
ponents of this measure to drop in
nuendo, to cease impugning motives
and to quit railing at' the rare Port
land man who ia now getting a large
household exemption, and answer this
argument with cold logic. .
It never rains but it pours. As if
the high cost of living were not mis
ery enough, we now have to confront
the high cost of dyeing. Meet of our
dyes are manufactured In Germany,
and the war has eut them off. Hence
the prices soar and she who would
beam in radiant hues must pay goad
money for the luxury. But right here
at heme there is plenty of. walnut bark,
oak and "Bueley," all ef whleh J-ield
useful if not beautiful colors. Here is
another chance to show how patriotic
you are. -
l"Ot; HIMSELF ALONE.
The Great Straddler, running as a
nonpartisan in Oregon and aa a Dem
ocrat in Washington, has managed by
manipulation to extract a perfunctory
indorsement from President Wilson.
The Wilson-for-Chamberlain slogan is
to be used throughout the campaign.
But has anyone heard Chamberlain
say at any time, in any public utterx
ance, or in any letter, or in any other
pronouncement, that he s for Wilson
and the Wilson policies?
WHAT TUB FAMILY NEEDS.
"The decay of home life and pa
rental authority" is a perennial theme
for gloomy exhorters. Canon Rawns
sley," of St. Paul's Cathedral in Lon
don; has lately rehearsed the well
worn platitudes on the subject. Ac
cording to the canon, family life is
going utterly to the dogs in Engjand.
And he sees in its decay "a great pa-
tional peril." Men- who look at
everything through blue glasses disr
cern the same peril everywhere. Of
course if family life were really de
caying the end of the world would not
be far away. But we are of the opin
ion that Canon Rawnsley and his
compeers mistake inevitable change
Things are not quite as they were
fifty years ago. It therefore follows
that they are worse. They may be
worse or they may pot. If we look
back to the time when the father ex
ercised a relentless external authority
oveF his children we do not find them
any more sound at heart than they
are now. Fear kept them to a pre
tense of obedience, but they rebelled
in secret and too often they hated the
hand that seemed to tyrannise over
In those days there was too much
fear in the household. Now there is
too much indifference. Then parents
ruined their children by severity. Now
they ruin tnem by laxity. Between
the two errors there seems . little
choice- It is perhaps just as well for
a child to go to perdition from neg
lect as from rebellion against harsh
parental rule. What the family needs
for its salvation is neither severity nor
indifference. Jt needs intelligent pa
rental love. Foolish love is worse
than severity and neglect combined.
It rots the nature of a child in a sur
prisingly short time and makes him
a snarling imbecile. But intelligent
love neither gives nor withholds too
much, neither poisons the soul with
fear nor causes it to putrefy with
When shall we see parents always
dealing intelligently with their chil
dren and acting in every instance for
the long future and great ideals
rather than for the fleeting present
and easy compromises?
HIS OWN CHILD A STRANGER.
We are shocked that Mr. ITRes
does not understand the working plan
of one of his own amendments, and
has to come to The Oregonian for in
formation. The following is from his
letter printed elsewhere today:
Thursday you allowed thirteen Republi
cans to be elected in Multnomah County by
1500 votes each under the proportional
amendment, saying the "sticker vote" would
bo unimportant. Friday you say that the
13,000 Socialists of the state could write
in the names of their thirteen candidates
nominated in Multnomah County and elect
them all. How can a Socialist with 1OO0
votes be elected over a Republican having
A Socialist with 1000 votes cannot
be elected over a Republican having
1S00 votes Under the operations of
the ITRen amendment. But the thir
teen Socialist candidates in Multno
mah County would not be running
solely against the thirteen Republi
cans nominated in that district. They
would be opponents of every one of
the sixty Republican candidates in
the state. If the thirteen Socialists
with 1000 votes each were among the
sixty highest candidates in the state
they would be' elected.
The Oregonian said that the sticker
vote would be unimportant if full
tickets were nominated, but that it
would be an important factor if a
short ticket were nominated. If the
Socialists nominated but thirteen can
didates Jn Oregon and the Republi
cans, as is their custom, nominated
sixty, the entire Socialist vote of the
state would pile up on the thirteen
Socialist candidates, while each of the
sixty Republicans would receive only
the vote of his own district.
In four representative districts in
1912 (which year furnishes the total
Socialist vote herein given) the Re
publican vote, distributed among a full
quota of thirteen Republican candi
dates therein, gave the latter an aver
age of fewer than 1000 votes each.
While the thirteen Socialists would
not defeat the tHirteen Multnomah
County candidates in this illustration,
they would defeat thirteen Republi
can candidates in other districts.
Multnomah would thereby gain dou
ble representation and the Socialist
party would have more than twice as
many representatives in the Leglsla
ture as its total vote entitled It to.
Mr. U'Ren should devote aome study
to his proportional representation
amendment. Then he will not have
to ask foolish questions.
WAR'S EFFECT ON HAMBURG.
Hamburg, which is not only the
chief port of continental Europe, but
the second port in the world, is hit
hard by the war and is calling for
vengeance on Great Britain through
the destruction of British commerce.
Its foreign commerce in 1912 was $1
960,000,000, exceeding that of London
by nearly $100,000,000 and being only
$6,000,000 less than that of New York
in 1913. The embargo placed on
German shipping by the almost com
plete control of. the sea by Great Brit
aln has paralysed Hamburg's foreign
trade and has caused the Hamburg
section of the Pan-German League
to memorialize the German Navy
League, accusing England of jealousy
of the city's growth and calling for
destruction of British commerce.
The shipping business of Hamburg
Increased 6S5 per cent between 1871
and 1907, according to 'ciapp's "Port
of Hamburg," and there has been a
steady increase in the proportion of
German ships entering and leaving
the port. This was 4 8 per cent in
1873, but had grown to 56 per cent
In 1907. A very large proportion of
this trade was done with Great Brit
aln and the British colonies. There
were thirty-three regular lines of
steamers plying to British ports, of
which nine were German, Imports
from England Increased Jrorn 421,.
000,000 ta 688,000,000 marks between
1899 and 190T end export to Eng.
land increased from 484,000,000 to
514,000,000 marks in the same period
Imports frem British India grew from
14T, 000,000 ta 850,000,000 marks,
The war has shut off frem Hamburg
the; British sufiBly; ef textiles, jna.
chines and coal, the Indian supply of
cotton and jute and the Russian sup
ply of cereals, the last of which in
1907 amounted to 118,000,000 marks.
Besides suspending commerce with
Germany's foes, the war has almost
killed the city's trade with neutral
countries. For example, imports
from South America in 1907 totaled
683,000,000 and exports to that con
tinent were 400,000,000 marks.
Would Hamburg really gain by de
struction of British commerce? It
would seem that a blow at England
must injure Hamburg, for that coun
try has done more than any other to
furnish business to the great Elbe
port. British free trade has . given
Hamburg a large share of the carry
ing trade between the British isles
and the Continent, and between- the
British colonies and Europe.
it Germany were to gain control of
the sea, Hamburg could renew inter
course with the rest of, the world,
but destruction of British commerce
would impoverish one of her best
customers. True, the relegation of
Great Britain to a subordinate place
among commercial powers would' re
sult in 4 great commercial expansion
for Germany and Would enable the
latter country to seize some British
colonies. But Germany now has free
trade, and a very lucrative trade,
with these colonies, German admin
istration of German colonies has not
been such a success in developing
them as to warrant the belief that it
would produce any great expansion of
trade with annexed British colonies,
which would feel a smoldering resent
ment against their conquerors and
which would cease to attract British
Hamburg would do better "to strive
for an early peace rather than for
prosecution to the end of a war
wherein Germany cannot strike a suc
cessful blow at Great Britain as a foe
without injuring her as a contributor
to Hamburg's prosperity.
The pupils of the Stephens School
have harvested fourteen bushels of
popcorn from their miniature farm.
What shall they do with it? Some
must be saved for seed next year.' And
the rest? There are a great many
poor children in Portland who never
taste popcorn and kindness is as use
ful a plant to cultivate as any that
grows on the farm. We leave the
connection between these two facts as
a sum in arithmetic for the pupils of
the Stephens School to cipher out for
Sergeant Lyons deserves a new suit
Of party clothes. A man who will
venture in his wife's presence to ruin
his best attire for the sake of duty
ought not to go uncelebrated and un
rewarded. Sergeant Lyons valiantly
thrashed a couple of rowdies on a
streetcar and came out of the fray
with is best clothes in tatters but
with a smiling conscience. If the city
cannot make it up to him the public
Los Angeles has a plan to end the
expert witness scandal which has
grown so offensive to the nostrils of
the country. The lawyers of that city
say, "Let the Judge select the ex
perts." Why not? The only difficul
ty is that the judge must consult the
lawyers in order to make his selec
tions, and the lawyers well, we know
pretty well what they will do.
Senator Chamberlain has proved
himself one of that too numerous col
ony of indolent Senators who look
upon their position as a stepping stone
to social life in the gay capital. Hence
hia chairmanship ef the military af
fairs committee in preference to some
committee where he might be of ad.
vantage to the state.
While the Japanese ignore them.
the Chinese look meekly on. That is
the sort of temperament some of our
se-called statesmen are trying to fos
ter in the American people.
The Pope has written the Austrian
Emperor to do all in his power to
shorten the war. The Austrians as
suredly are making progress along
these same lines.
The Chinaman in this country has
a iway of his own of disposing of per
sona non grata. If ever ha should be
come a citizen he wll be a power in
Germany has quite a job on her
hands looking after the quarter-mil
lion prisoners. Feeding and guarding
them is not an ordinary problem.
China will wake up some bright
morning to find that she not only has
been swallowed, but that the process
of digestion is far advanced.
According to weather reports, bad
weather is headed this way. What
should we call the sort of weather
we've been having lately?
The drain on American horses for
Europe will make the motor vehicle
a necessity rather than a luxury.
The trouble with both sides is that
they emphasize their gains and ignore
mention of their reverses.
Nicholas haa less than twelve weeks
In which to prepare that Christmas
dinner in Berlin.
There is report that war has raised
the. cost of living in Seattle. But why
live In Seattle?
Von Kluck is again said to be in a
tight place. . But he's used to it by
China is the product of a. long-continued
ment. Grotesque war reports continue to
multiply in the brain of the Nish liar.
Montreal . lightens the hysteria
somewhat by renaming her streets.
The country is the better off hy the
$55,000 bail forfeited by Johnson.
Italy continues to be the card up
the sleeve but whose sleeve?
The Russian press agent is again
busy reporting victories.
At the hour of going to press both
sides continued to win.
Would it be a breach of neutrality
to rename the goulash?
Late reports revealed that the war
was still In progress.
Republicans, are you registered?
Then ifa high time! .
Portucel coa moblllza a few ttrcett.
PRESS COMMENT ON 17. S. SENATOR. I
Favorable Imsrilos OS Booth Can
didacy Are Quoted.
R. A. Booth is making an active
campaign for the seat now held by
Senator Chamberlain. Mr. Booth has
many friends throughout the state and
Is a, strong candidate.
Boooth Campaign Ia Clean.
With, the appointment of Grant B.
Dimick as manager, the Booth cam
paign promises to be a clean one. We
do not believe Mr. Booth could have
chosen a stronger lieutenant, and with
the strength Mr. Booth will develop. It
looks as if the next United States Sen
ator from Oregon would be Republi
can, Party Solid Behind Booth.
For the first time George Chamber
lain ia a candidate in the face of a
united Republican party. Heretofore
he has been successful because tha par
ty was ijplit and one faction was en
deavoring to punish the other by votr
ng for Chamberlain. In the present
campaign the Republicans are solidly
behind Bob Booth. With an over
whelming Republican majority in the
stata, the result, it seems to us, is a
Warning to Progresalvea.
If Mr. Booth ia not elected United
States Senator from Oregon, George E.
Chamberlain will be.
So every Progressive vote thrown
away on Bill Hanley. on account of his
friendship for the good roads issue, or
any other Progressive issue, is a vote
taken from Mr. Booth, to give a larger
chance for the election of Mr. Cham
berlain. So do not throw your vote away.
Vote for Mr. Booth, and thus for prog
ress and efficiency.
Significant of Mr. Bourne's Position.
(Polk County Observer.)
With Mr. Bourne :i Btrongr champion
of the whole Republican ticket augurs
well for its success at the November
election.. The Demorrata can no longer
hope for a split, without which their
cause may be considered as hopeless.
A considerable percentage of Mr.
Bourne's support came from Democrats
and independents, those who admired
his excellent fight for the Oregon sys
tem and likewise for his somewhat re
markable success at Washington. With
this phase of the situation eliminated
there ia little doubt that Robert A.
Booth will succeed ''Our George," and
that Or. AVithycombe will prove a fa
vorite against the field for Governor.
Story of Black Crowa Over Ag-aln.
(Burns Xews )
When the Democratic newspapers
two montha ago began an assault on
R. A. Booth they made wild assertions
to the effect that he and his associates
had obtained whole stretches of valu
able timber lands by fraud and that it
was by such means he had accumu
lated his wealth. Since the manly and
straightforward answer of Mr. Booth
and an examination of all the facts,
the howlers have come down, from
their high perch and now confine them
selves to a few unimportant timber
claims, in which they insist there was
fraud on the part of the original en
trymen, but the title to which on the
part of the Booth interests was ob
tained in a perfectly legitimate way.
It is the story of the three black crows
Illustrated all over again and demon
strates the futile attempts of over
zealous advocates to bolster up a dy
ing and unworthy cause, even to the
extent of blackening a blameless and
worthy character. Mr. Chamberlain is
not worthy ef such an effort and the
people will say so in November.
Enough of Profeaalonal Politician.
The professional politician has held
the whip hand in the Government of
our Nation too long for tho good of
the country and the time has come
when men who have made a success of
large commercial interests should be
entrusted with the reins of Govern
ment. To refuse your vote for Senator
to any man because he. has been suc
cessful, as Mr. Booth- has been suc
cessful, means that you leave the
gate wide open for the man who haa
been a business failure but who la
wuy ana adroit politician. The peo
ple of Oregon do not do this. They
should be glad of the opportunity to
secure the services of a business man
or proven merit as their represent
tive in the United States Senate.
Hanlcr Votea From Chamberlain.
Lebanon Criterion. .
"Bill" Hanley, exrRepublican, ex
Democrat, ex-Anti-Roosevelt, and now
running as Progressive candidate for
Senator on the Progressive ticket, but
not saying much about the "Progres
sive" part of the matter, is said to
have admitted several times recently
in private conversation that he knew
he had no chance of being elected, and
to have admitted by inference that he
was in the campaign simply as a 'stalk
ing- Horse to help Chamberlain. A
good many of the wisest political
propnets aoout the atate, however,
think that he, Hanley, will ''have his
troubles for his pains." and that the
votes he gets will mostly be drawn
from the Chamberlain strength instead
or rrom Booth.
Mr. Booth's Equipment
If Mr. Booth goe to Washina-ton
ne win go well equipped. He holds a
diploma from a recognized univeraitv.
ne aiao Deiongs to tne university of
Hard Knocks, he is always going to
scnooi. tsig Dusiness and little bus
ness will be treated fairly bv him. He
believes in women's rights, expressed
in laws, not in the hazy horizon of
the future. He is courteous and kind.
pustneas assets tnese days, and no com.
plaint is too small to receive his at
tention. Ie is no partisan, he has a
universal mind and understands the
difficulties of all. You will notice
that men who are not dependent upon
some one else generally make a good
report at Washington. .Mr. Booth is
no dependent, he can and has cared
well for himself and will bring this
same aomty to tne service of th
state. The state needs such men. Wi
have had a surfeit of reformers, agita
tors and drifters, we want mora practi
cal, common-sense, constructive think-
ir.g men, suoh men aa the Hon. R. A.
Doable Reason for Supporting Booth.
R. A. Booth is a Republican, and be
lieves in tho principles of the Re
publican party. If be ia sent back to
Washington be will be a supporter of
Republican policies, the chief of which
is a tariff law that will protect the
American producer against the disas
trous inroads of cheap foreign competl
tion. George E. Chamberlain is a Pern
ocrat, and subscribes to the principles
of-the Democratic party. If he is re
turned to the National capital he will
uphold the policies of the Democratic
party, the chief of which is free trade
with every nation. The Congress of the
United States works strictly through
party alignment, and principles are of
more Importance than men.
In Lane County, however, the man is
Important as well as tho principles he
upholds. R. A. Booth Is a resident of
thla county. He has been one of the
principal agents In Its development. By
his own efforts he has built up a busi
ness that Is a heavy employer of labor
and that plays an Important part In
supplying a market for our greatest
ratural reaouroe. He la known to be a
clean, upright and capable gentleman,
and he haa the full confldanca of
neighbors and frirt(U
MR. U'HES ATTACKS STRAW MEN
Ko Replies to ThlnKa The Oreatoalaa
Hid Not tar About Amendment.
OREGON CITY, Or.. Oct. 4. (To the
Editor.) Your editorials Thursday and
Friday on the proportional representa
tion amendment apparently accept the
fundamental principle that members
of tha Legislature should be elected
by proportions of tha voters, instead of
by pluralities. If this is true, then
you admit that if any one-sixtieth of
tha voters of Oregon cast their ballots
for one candidate for representative
they should thereby be aura of his elec
tion, so long as there are but SO rep
resentatives to be eleeted. This would
give us actual majority rule in the
sure a hearing t all minorities equal
to one-sixtieth of the voters, and by I
mernners of their ewn choice.
But yeur imaginary examples contra
dict each other. Thursday you al
lowed IS Republicans to be elected in
Multnomah County by 1560 votes, each
under the proportional amendment,
saying the 'sticker vote" would ha un
important. Friday you say that the
13.000 Socialists of the state could
write in tha names of their 13 candi
dates nominated in Multnomah County
and elect them all. How can a Social
ist with 1000 votes be elected over a
Iteputolioan having 1500 votes?
In practice, no political party will
nominate a full legislative ticket, even
in the direct primaries. The Demo
crats and Progressives did not this
year, either in Multnomah or Clacka
mas counties. The Republicans will
have just as good judgment when they
know it will be impossible to elect all
representatives. Besides that, if
the amendment is approved by the peo
ple, the Republican Legislatura next
inter can easily provide against
nomination of too many candidates in
the direct primaries by the Republican
In fact, none of tha evils faared bv
The Oregonian from proportional rep
resentation will actually happen, any
more than was the case with the evils
yoia prophesied under Statement No. 1.
If this proportional representation
amendment is adopted, tha Republican
party will elect substantia ly its fair
proportion of the members .if the Leg
islature, and so will each of tho other
parties, and no more. It will not be so
mathematically exact in its proportion
al results as the plan advocated by the
British society to which you refer, but
it is very much simpler and is in har
mony with the present American plan
of elections and vote counting, which
tho British society's plan is not. .
W, S. U'REN.
The Oregonian has not by Implication
or otherwise indorsed the U'Ren scheme
of political party proportional repre
sentation, It believes in apportioning
legislative representation by geo
graphical districts as at present. That
system the U'Ren scheme proposes to
The Oregonian distinctly said that in
the event all parties, under the U'Ren
party proportional scheme, nominated
full fists of legislative candidates the
sticker vote would be inconsequential,
but that the sticker vote would be im
portant if a full ticket were not nomi
nated. The first Illustration Mr. U'Ren
cites was given to show that if all
parties nominated full tickets the So
cialists would not elect any candidates.
The Oregonian said distinctly in the
same article that the Socialist party,
because it nominates by convention,
could name a short ticket, while the
Republicans and Democrats, who nom
inate by the primary method, could not
control their number of legislative
candidates. In such event the sticker
vote would be material on the Socialist
ticket alone, and result in a Socialist
representation In the Legislature out
of all proportion to tha number of So
cialist voters in the state.
Mr. CRen'a suggestion that the next
Legislature could provide against nom
ination of a full Republican ticket is
puerile. Suci legislation would be
curtailment of the freedom of the
direct primary impossible of fair appli
cation. The direct primary is one of the
people s laws," and every candidate
for Governor, including Mr. U'Ren, is
pledged to preserve the people's laws
from such assaults.
In any event why should a law be
adopted that is so unfair that legis
lative actidn must be had in order to
make it operate equitably?
But minority rule ia not the only
evil in the amendment pointed out by
The Oregonian. Jt would deprive some
counties of representation and give
others greater representation than their
population entitles them to. About this
Mr. U'Ren says nothing.
IF" EACH ATE A APPLE A DAY
It Would Take 100,000 Boxes Per Month
to Supply Oregon Consumption.
PORTLAND, Oct. 5. (To the Editor.)
-The South haa inaugurated and is
conducting a campaign of "Buy a Bale
of Cotton," and it la proving extremely
successful. Some of the business houses
buy aa many as 500 bales and aome buy
only one bale. By this means the cot
ton crop of the South, .unsalable by
reason of the European complications,
is practically placed without throwing
the burden on a few planters. All citi
zens ef the South who are at all able
to do it, will have some cotton on hand
to be aold at such time as the market
opens, but In the meantime the planters
have money to spend with the business
men of the South.
In an article of mine which you pub
lished in The Oregonian last March I
asked that citizen of thla common
wealth should be more loyal to the
home product, and I suggested then
that the apple, which is probably the
best, or at least ono of the best of
fruits for man, should be given prefer
ence over Florida or California-grown
grape fruit. At that time the present
European complications were not even
dreamed of. As it ia now somewhat
difficult to market our apple crop to
the advantage of growers, let'a inaugu
rate a campaign "Buy a Box of Apples,"
and as many more boxes as each family
can use and pay for.
It would take practically 100,000 boxes
of apples per month to supply the State
of Oregon, if every resident would con
sume only one apple per day, and there
are no apples as good as the Oregon
apple. A liberal use of them will make
more health and more prosperity in
Oregon. . L. SAMUEL. .
Recall Cruelly Inopportune.
PORTLAND. Oct. 4. (To the Editor.)
In The Oregonian October 3, I read
a statement of recalling of Mayor Albee
It seems to me that this is not the
proper time for the publio to attempt
to act with such cruel feeling toward
our Mayor. Mr. Albee baa already
received the biggest blow that a man
can possibly endure. Any honest citizen
who is a father or mother should
sympathize with Mr. Albee'a grief from
the bottom of the heart.
This recall should not be in exist
ence at the present time. The persons
who signed that recall petition are, I
have no doubt, the ones who would ex
change life for politics or money. If
this were the question with our Mayor,
he would rather restore life than poli
tics. I believe that a man should not
be attacked from all aides at once.
MRS. M. D. NEED,
S67 East Stark 'Street.
LaKTcra and the Troth
New Orleans Times-Picayune.
"Do lawyers tell the truth? Lawyers
will do anything Xor .money,"
Twenty-Fiv Years Ago
From Tha Oraganian, Oct. S. 18S8.
Helena, Mont. The Democrat con
ceda the election of Carter to Congress.
The Legislature will be Democratic
and for the present both parties claim
Fargo. X. D. The prohibition cause
seems to have lost by 2000 vores. Many
farmers are moving- from Ramsey, Eii
oy and Nelson counties owing to the
failure of crops.
Washington President Blaine today
welcomed the delegates to the Interna
tional American Conference. The nos-
for the Amer-
es are on the
programme for discussion.
Salem Mr. Syron of Bal'ston haa
just celebrated his one hundredth birth
day. He came to Oregon in ls52,and
has 10 children and 6 grand and great
grandchildren. He took part in the war
New Yorfc-The Sun says tha almost
complete overthrow of Grover Cleve
land's personal friends in the Demo
cratic State Convention has greater
significance than appears on the face
of the situation.
Baltimore Cardinal Gibbons has pre
pared a long pastoral letter on the
celebration of the one hundredth an-
nlvarwary of the establishment of tne
Catholic hierarchy in tha Unite4 States.
Mita Esther J. Rose. 16 years eld.
carries the daily mail between A'.rlte
and Lewisville, Or.
William Harper. deputy United
States Marshal for Eastern Oregon,
haa been appointed Chief of Police of
Tha Portland Real Estate Company
advertises as among "the best buys in
the city" a 99-foot lot on the east side
of First street, 63 feet south of the
South line of Hall street. The price
asked is $10 000.
A few days ago a stolen cop.y of tha
mailing list of the North American Re
view was offered for sale to The
Forum, which publication refused it
and turned the would-be vender over
to tha authorities.
W. V, Spencer, a well-known Oregon
pioneer and a former resident of this
city who for some years was cashier
of the Portland Savinjra Bank has
returned to Ihe city after a four years'
sojourn in the South.
District Attorney Henry McGinn haa
called Judge Stearns' attention to the
fact that tha time for allowing a bill
of exceptions in the case of Charles
(Sandy) Oida has expired. Judge
Stearns said he had met H. Y. Thomp
son, senior counsel for Olds, and that
Mr. Thompson has explained he had
been too ill to take up the case.
lira. Scott-Slddons. talented dramatic
reader, will give a recital at the
Messrs. Mitchell & Shiel have started
a store on Nob Hill at Twentieth and
When James B. Stephens departed
this lira four months ago, he left an
estate valued at $200,000.
Half Century Ago,
From Tha Oregonian of Octobar 7, 1861.
Oregon started out on her course as
a state with the very prudent maxim
in mind that one "must creep before be
can walk," and in all respects adopted
a system of economy that has been ad
mirable in its results. To it we owe
the fact but that for a disagreement
about greenbacks some being thrust
at the treasury by a few counties we
are today out of debt and have a bal
ance in the treasury. However, the
time haa come for the state to develop
and pay her state orhcers a salary com
mensurate with their responsibility.
Salem Dr. Leryea has very kindly
furnished a report of the Senate pro
ceedings almost regularly since the
session commenced, for which he de
serves an acknowledgment. Today the
Senate report is necessarily meager ow
ing to his absence.
William Davidson, the city collector
for The Oregonian, waa most brutally
assaulted yesterday by James M. Bybee.
The cause waa the presentation of a
As several imperfect sketches of the
Senator-elect from Oregon have been
going around, we take thia occasion to
correct them. George H. Williams was
born in Columbia County, New York,
March 26, 1833. He studied law under
Daniel Cott in Onondaga CoTinty and
was admitted to the bar In New York
State. In 1844 he migrated to Iowa,
and in 1847 was elected a judge in
Iowa. He was a Presidential elector,
and in 1853 came to Oregon. He was.
appointed a territorial justice in 1853
by President Pierce, and in '57 was re
appointed by President Buchanan. In
1858 he resigned. Judge Williams was
a member ef the Oregon constitutional
convention, was chairman of the ju
diciary committee and since has prac
ticed law in the state.
we understand that -it ia contem
plated by cltisens of the upper portion
of tha city to petition the Common
Council for an extension of street lamps
on Front street in that direction, and
hare them regularly lighted. The neces
sities of the times demand that this be
done, but the condition of the street at
the Courthouse corner does not admit
of the gas company carrying the mains
any farther south.
With the arrival of every steamer
from the Upper Columbia the city is
rapidly taking on an increased floating
population, and a few, at least, of the
permanent class of citizens.
The steamer New World left the Cas
cades yesterday with a full cargo, hav
ing on board a company of Oregon cav
alry with horses for Fort Vancouver.
132 passengers, 100 head of stock and
seven immigrant wagons for Portland.
A Hint to the Wise.
Small Boy (to charitable lady)
Please, mother says she's mueh better
of the complaint wot you gives 'or
quinine for; but she's awful ill of the
disease wot's cured by port wine and
Business comes to those who go
after it with persistence and Intelli
gence. Tho retail merchant should not
overlook any legitimate weapon to
fight for trade.
He should ever be alert to his
And one of the best of these is
co-operative work with manufac
turers who advertise in the daily
W'hen a manufacturer advertises
a product in the newspapers of this
.city push that product.
Show the goods in your window.
Link your store to the newspaper
advertising and reap some of the
business the advertising produces.
It costs littlo or nothing ar.d the
results are apparent to your cash