THE MORNIXG' OREGONIAN. MONDAY, SEPTE3II5ETI 28. 1914. KAISER WILL LOSE, SHY MILITARY MEN American Officers Expect War to Continue From Nine to Eighteen Months. ALLIED RESOURCES . MORE Iisliauslioit of Teutons Is Expected and 'Decisive Battle Is Likely to Be Fought in Germany, Is Consensus of Opinion." - (.New York World.) WASHINGTON, Kept. 22. The war in Europe will last from nine to 18 months. Germany, unless she is superhuman, will be defeated. The foregoing' is the consensus ot opinion entertained by more than two Sfore active Army officers on duty in this city and its environs. Only those officers of and above the rank of Cap tain were interrogated. Mindful of the President's orders to Government officers not to comment on' the war and his plea to his fellow countrymen not to engage in discus sions, the correspondent of tiie World addressed to more than three score officers the following two questions, with the understanding that their names would not be used, and their answers were to be wholly academic, from a military standpoint and with out regard .to personal sympathies: 1. How long will the war in Europe last? 2. Which .side will be the victor Germany and Austria or the Triple Entente? The two answers giyen were the re sult.' ' Opinion of Duration Vary. On the question of how long will the war last the opinions ran -from nine months to 18 months. A majority of the officers estimated one year. Twenty officers declined to reply. One officer said Germany had a fight ing chance to win. A remarkable feature of the discus sions was that in nearly every instance the same line of reasoning was fol lowed in making the opinion. The one thing on which all agreed was: This is a war not only of ready re tourcesi but of all resources, and until one side has abou,t exhausted all its resources the fighting will go on. Other discussions led to this: From the manner in which the bel-1 ligerents have struggled and with, a knowledge of the state of mind of the powers engaged preceding the waV, this struggle is to be almost a death strug gle, that is, until one side is so crushed that it will require a half century or more for even a waking recovery. Many of tne officers have read Gen eral Bernhardi's latest book, in which the famous German officer gives the mental attitude of Germany. None of the officers foljowed the footsteps of English and American reviewists in stating that this German viewpoint as portrayed by General Bernhardt was responsible for the war. Fight to Exhaustion Forecast. What the officers did say was: "With Germany convinced that Great Britain is in the path she must travel to become the empire of the world, and with the British mind made up that the British Empire is not going to fall to one side and allow Germany to pro ceed to the goal Britain now possesses, the struggle will not end in a month or in many months, but will go on for a year or more until one side Is physical ly incapable of fighting longer." The following, the consensus of sev eral military opinions, views the strug gle as far as it has gone and touches on the resources of the belligerents so far used: - "Germany has thrown into the west ern theater of war in France the flower of the great military machine which she has been building since the Franco-Prussian war and which has been the admiration and envy of the military world. At first nothing seemed to be able to check the onward march of this tremendous power. Held up a few days by the heroic courage of the Belgians, this wonderful machine lit erally sped to within 40 miles of Paris. "What .happened then? Despite the ' greatness of the organization, the per fact working of the integral parts of the machine, without the miscarriage of a single one of the complicated plans for the taking of Paris, it was found the whole thing was flesh and blood and that it could not do almost the impossible. Fear of Kaiser Spurs Allies. f'There was In the situation around Paris when Generals Von Buelow and Kluck and the Crown Prince were at Its gates, that which the Union army found, in Virginia, South Carolina and Georgia several times during the Civil War' a certain desperation on the part of the defenders which comes only to the man protecting his family from harm. "A new fighting spirit was produced in the ranks of the allies by the rapid advance of the German forces. The apprehension that all would he crushed by the Germans and made subjects of the Kaiser made the men of the allies more superhuman than did the long, arduous and expensive training the German forces had received. . "From then until nine days ago that spirit in the ranks of the entente car ried, it forward and pushed, the enemy back. That spirit has kept the armies of the allies persistently at the Ger mans, holding them in vcheck, driving them back there a few feet and pro ducing the greatest battle in the his tory of the world. "This spirit will triumph over the spirit of national aggrandizement upon which the German cause is built it the teachings and writings of its own statesmen Sybel, Giesenrecht, . Tre Itschke, Djroysen "and Hausser are to be accepted as the thought of the Ger man nation. German Resources Surpassed. "There must be the material as welTH as a fighting spirit in the armies of a victorious nation or alliance, and close study of the resources show that the entente Great Britain, France and Russia in money, men and geographi cal location, are better equipped for a long war than Germany. Great Britain alone probably would, succumb In test of resources, but Great Britain and Russia combined have more re sources than Germany. "If the present battle goes the way of the allies. Germany will be forced to retreat to her line of fortifications across her own border. What effect this will have on the German troops is the same as that on the troops of any army the production" of a feeling of doubt as to the greatness of the organization, nut more than that, be .fore the Germansgo far fresh German troops will be thrown into this main army under three great generals. These troops win - be trained and seasoned .Necessarily they will come from E Prussia and from Austrian Galicia. "Such a move is what the allies are attempting to force Germany Into making because then the hordes of WAR HEROES OF -It 11". J- II' 111" ' 'r r J k1 It -5," -l ' ' - ? "h 1 ,1' m it $r - ' & 1 1 x - - ft II-' -t 'a t-' , H , ' K 1 - sh 3 Copyright by Underwood & Underwood, N. Y. PRIVATE L.UCE, OF tiELGIVM. Private Lange, of the Twelfth Regiment.' Is here shown holding the order issued by the King of Belgium conveying to him the order of a Chevalier of the First Order of Leopold. This covet ed honor was conferred on Lange for his wonderful feat of arms at Horstal, where, on August -25. he captured the flag of the Ninetieth German Infantry, killing a German Colonel and 14 sol diers in the encounter. Russian troops, despite the bad weather and bad condition of the country in East Prussia for fighting, would force their way across the mountains into Central Germany. Allies Outnumber Germans. ' 'In fact, it appears as though the allies were conducting a retreat and advance engagement, all the time forcing Germany to centralize her forces away from the borders and into the heart of the German nation. 'True, Germany isN training the re serves and her citizens; also, the allies are doing th.e same thing. Numeri cally, the allies' armies now, and will the future fighting, outnumber the Germans. According to reports the artillery of the allies is equal, if not superior to the Germans. On.ly in the big siege guns do the Germans excel and, according to reliable information received here, the allies are rushing work on siege guns to equal those of the Krupps. .-. . 'The greatest battle is yet to come. It will be the dicisive battle, too, and it will occur in Germany. It will be when the allies, working inwardly by the retreat and advance movements, get the German armies in Germany and begin hammering from all Bides. 'This will be months from now, and when this battle takes place all the belligerents virtually will have new armies in the field. Germany will get hers from where she got her present army from among the German states. Great Britain, will obtain hers from the Britisn isles, Uana-Ua, inula, Egypt and Australia. Russia will bring her forces in from Siberia and South Russia. France will draw more on her African possessions. The resources of the al lies are greater than those of the Ger man Empire. SERUM IDEA DECRIED ANTI-TYPHOID VACCINATION EN- COUNTERS OPPOSITION. Loadou Medical " Journal Says: "Way Lay By Men Wko Should Be Fac ias Enemy on Fighting; Line.' LONDON, Sept. 10. The proposal to inoculata the British soldiers with anti-typhoid eerurru. as is done in the United States, brings a strong protest from The medical Times. we note with surprise, it says, that certain members of our profes slon who have great influence with the authorities at the War Office. . have been urging the necessity of inocu lating soldiers who are -ordered to the front with anti-typhoid serum. Per sonally, we think that the value of anti-typhoid serum has been -over estimated; but. in any case, why lay by for two or three days 80 o 90 per cent of troops who should be standing up facing the enemy In the fighting line? It may be that about 60 or 60 per cent of -the inoculated men are fit to return to work in about 36 hours. but, even so, why put half of our army out of action for 36 l.ours when the enemy is at our gate? "As to the fear of typhoid fever, is not the danger overestimated? In the rural districts of France there is not much to be feared from typhoid infeC' tion, apart from Inoculation, if proper attention is given to ordinary hygiene and the provision of an absolutely pure and abundant supply . . water, xt may be that a much improved kind of serum has been manipulated and put on tne market since the Boer War. but. from the reports which reached us-at that time, we came to the conclusion that the supposed benefit of anti typhoid serum was a delusion." BRITISH CONSUL "WARNED" Discarded American Submarines De. dared to Plan Attack. NEW- I OKK, Sept. ,27. It was learned at the British consulate to day that numerous letters, most of them anonymous, had been received giving warning that the Porter and elsa, two submarines that saw ser vice in -the Spanish-American War and were later abandoned and sold by the United States Navy, bad been re fitted and were ready to be sent to sea. presumably for the purpose of de stroying the British warships outside New lork Harbor. It was said at the consulate that while the letters had been received no attention is being paid to them. TODAY NO. 3. REFUGEE LOSES ALL Man on.Way to Portland Has No Trace of Wife. BUSINESS IS SWEPT AWAY Alexander Kaiser, ' Fleeing , From . Iiemberg on Approach of Cos sacks, Suffers Hardships and Is Helped on Way Home. CHICAGO. Sept. 27. This is the story of Alexander Kaiser, refugee, 63 years old, on his way Ho Portland, Or., stranded in Chicago. Eigteen months ago, be says, he went to Lemberg, Aus tria, to engage in business. He pros pered and sent for his wife. Oh August 15 last there were Tumors of war. The Cossacks were coming. He sent his wife to Transylvania, where she has relatives. On August 30 the comman der of the town ordered everyone to close up his shops and flee for his life. The Cossacks were five or six kilome ters from Lemberg. I went," said Kaiser. "I had just 28 Austrian crowns a crown is 21 cents. walked all that day. The following day I got pn a train bearing wounded soldiers to Hungary. . I bought a ticket to Debrecen, In the Interior of Hun gary, and got there September 5 with 5 crowns. There at the depot 1 saw1 by the headlines of an American paper that the relief committee was in Buda pest and that in order to get relief Americans muit apply to the consulate there on or before September 7. "I bought a Red Cross badge with one of my crowns, pinned it on my arm and boarded a train for Budapest. I stayed close to a wounded soldier and was not molested. I got 100 crowns enough to take mo to Berlin. Major Ryan, of the relief committee, gave rr.e $5. I though that was all I needed, as I had received 15 from a friend I had known in New York. The sum took me only to The Hague, where I got J10 more and m went to London. I pawned a ring in New Tork and got money enough to come to Chicago. I have about $2.50 left. "Now I must get to Portland. I have friends there and can re-establish my self in business. I cannot find out what has happened to my wife or anything about my business. I am absolutely de- penoent." - . , . - CHINESE OUT FOR TRADE 910,000,000 TO BE EXPENDED AMERICA AND CANADA. Fifty Rich Asiatics Plan to Tour Conn- try In 1915 and Establish Branch Stores at Best Cities. SAN FRANCISCO. Sept.' 27. (Spe cial.) That the" Republic of China will spend $10,000,000 in the United States and Canada in 1915 in the development and extension of her trade with North America, was the gist of a message re ceived here today by the Panama-Pa cific Exposition direct from President Tuan Shai Kai, and confirmed in similar communication from the head of the Associated Chambers of Com merce of China. . In the working out of what is per haps the greatest commercial enter prise China has ever planned, SO wealthy and influential public men of the republic Will come to San Fran cisco early in 1915. After studying trade and manufacturing conditions in' connection with the exposition, they will make an extensive tour of the United States and Canada, establishing branches of Chinese business houses in every important center. It is in providing capital for these branches that the Chinese business as sociations and the government will ex pend the $10,000,000 allotted to the big "booster" excursion for the establish ment of closer commercial relations with the West. 14-HOUR BATTLE IS fl BY JAPANESE Attackers in Outskirts of Tsihg-Tau Declared to Have Defeated Germans:- GUNBOATS AID IN DEFENSE Second Detachment of Mikado's Men Arrive in Wei-Hsien and Other- Troops Advance on Railway, . Holding Pang-Tse. TOKIO, Sept. 27. It Is officially an nounced that the Japanese have defeat ed the' Germans In a "stubborn battle, lasting 14 hours, on the outskirts of Tslng-Tau, seat of the government of the Germans' leased possession of Kiau Chau. China. The Japanese casualties, so far as ascertained, are given as three killed and 12 wounded. According to the statement, the fight began September 26. German gun boats bombarded the posts of. the Japanese troops. Japanese aeroplanes proved, effective in reconnoiterlng ex peditions and are reported to have escaped unharmed. SJECOXI) DETACHMENT ARRIVES Germans Flood1 Coal Mines at Pang Tse as They Depart. PEKIN. Sept. 28. It is learned from W ei-Hsien. in Shan-Tung, that a second detachment of Japanese troops arrived there at sundown on Saturday with 15 carloads of ammunition and supplies. Other troops have advanced west along the railway and hold Fang-Tser wnere the Germans flooded the coal mines be fore their departure. All the Chinese miners fled. The American mission is crowded with women of all classes from the city and country districts. They are said by the correspondent at Wei-Hsien to fear both the Japanese and the Chi nese soldiers. The Chinese Foreign Office has asked the Japanese legation for an explana tlon of the occupation of the railway station at Wei-Hsien by Japanese. BATTLE RAGES ALL NIGHT (Continued From First Page.) quarters of the German ceneral staff last night and made public today: "The enemy are using their railroads in a general attack on the extreme end of the right flank of the German army. "At Bapaume (In Pas de Calais, 14 miles southeast of Arras), an advanced French division was repulsed by a smaller German force. "In the center of the battle front we have made slight gains. "The forts under bombardment south of Verdun have withdrawn their fire and our artillery is now engaged with forces which the enemy brought up on the- west bank of the Meuse. ''Elsewhere, the situation remains un changed. , WASHINGTON, Sept. 27. A wireless dispatch to the German embassy from Berlin today announces the 'capture by the Germans of one of the barrier. forts south of Verdun. The message follows: "Official headquarters reports that the operations proceeding on the ex treme right wing of the German army have no decision as yet. In the center of the battle front several attacks have been made on both sides. "Kamp des Renains. near St. Mfhiel, which was taken by the Bavarians, is one of the barrier forts south of Ver dun. , "Official reports say that franctireurs (snipers) suddenly attacked a German sanitary service detachment which was carrying French wounded and that the franchtireurs killed a surgeon and seV' en ambulance volunteers. "M. Pinchon, ex-French Minister, af. firms in an article that the Germans shoot prisoners, kill wounded and mur der women, children and old people. French prisoners explain articles like that of Pinchon, because wounded fire at Germans. A letter of a South Amer ican military attache who is accom panying the German army says that the German warfare is admirable, not only from the military, but still more from the humanitarian point of view. "The Paris reports from St. Peters burg that Russians under General Ren- nenkampf have victoriously advanced and reoccupied Soldau, is pure inven tion." GERMANS FA IIj TO BREAK Ll.NK Attack on Allies Results in Most Bit ter Battle of Campaign.' .. ON THE BATTLE FRONT. Sept. 27, via Paris. Sept. 28. Desperate at tempts made by the Germans on the western end of the long line of battle to break through the allies' forces which are engaged in a turning move ment, have resulted In the most serl ous fighting that has taken place since the beginning of the campaign. After fighting without respite night and day. corps after corps of Germans were hurled against the flower of the French and English armies today, only to be thrown oacK. The infantry bore the brunt of the incessant fighting, but the artrllery of both armies continued throughou 24 hours to bombard each other's po sltions. .Hand-to-hand combats oc curred at many points and bayonets were used freely. The French -Colonial Infantry, moo of which, men wear many medals for bravery displayed in colonial cam palgns, was to the fore and beside the men fought the black Sengales troops, while further along the line the British troops, held an Important point with the greatest determination. The French troops showed more than their accustomed, dash in attacks, and everywhere acts of wonderful courage were performed. The cavalry als participated in the engagements at many points, the allies' horses having enjoyed a long rest which enabled this arm of the service to distinguish itself. The lamous scots Greys, find ing that the color of their horses of fered a prominent mark for the Ger man riflemen, bad dyed their mounts brown. Another prominent French officer, General Marquet, has met death on the field. m At Nubecourt, home of -the parents of President Polncare, the Germans broke open the Poincare family vault, it is reported, and buried a number of their dead there. The Germans pla carded the town of Valenciennes, de mending from the Mayor lists of th supplies of clothing and food. FRENCH HOLD BERRY-AU-BAO Ribecourt and Xoyon Pat on Defen 6ive by Germans. WASHINGTON, Sept- 27 Official dis patches received at the French embassy today from Bordeaux included the offi cial communication Issued at the War Office last night, and contained the fol lowing supplementary details: At the end of the day our troops occupied a front at Dompierre (south west of Peronne). Ribecourt and Noyon were put on the defensive by the Ger mans. We occupy Berry-au-Bac. The enemy has retired on Blamont with ser ious losses and has evacuated Badon- illers. He was forced from Lesseux and the woods between Lesseux and Nisenbach. The Russians have taken Recszow. on the railroad leading to Cracow, and two fortified positions north and south of Przemysl. The Germans appear to fortifying themselves north of Kallszy." , Violent fighting w"as under way in Servia in the neighborhood of KrupanJ and as far as the River Drlna. the dis- patcn added. BRITISH BEAT GERMAN'S BACK Official Statement Says Situation in France Is Satisfactory. LONDON. Sept. 27 The British offi cial statement given tonight on the bat tle in the north of France says: The situation is satisfactory and the counter attacks on. the British front have been beaten back with heavy losses to the enemy." CAPTIVE PRAISES FOES Rl'SSIAV OFFICER WRITES OF GER MANS' CARE OF WOUNDED. Reported. Protest of Pope Denied by . Berlin French Reiterate ' Rhelnu Accusation. BERLIN. Sept 27., By Wireless to Sayviire, L. I. Advices received here and officially made public say: 'A captured Russian officer in a let ter to the Novoe Vremya. of Petrgrad, praises the humanity exhibited in Ger man hospitals and the untiring efforts of the surgeons on behalf of their patients. "The Daily Chronicle of London says that the front towers and the windows of the Cathedral of Kheims are almost free of damage and the re construction will not be difficult. The London Times makes the same state ment. "The French reports that Pope Bene dict XV ha addressed a protest to the Emperor of the German Government regarding the damage done to the ca thedral of Rheims are incorrect. On the -contrary, the Prussian envoy at the Vatican explained to the Pontiff the real state of affairs. The faUer expressed satisfaction at the Informa tion received. WASHINGTON. Sept. 27 The French Embassy made public the following communication today: 'Thb French Government has been Informed" that the German Government officially alleges that the Bombard ment of the Rheims Catheiral (first denied and now openly acknowledged Dy its authors) -had been caused by a French post of observation having Deen established on the cathedral. 'A telegram .of General Joffre to the Minister of War shows that the de struction was, as declared before, with out the shadow of an excuse. The telegram Is as follows: 'The Fiftlr (French) army had oc cupled Rheims until September 18 and then was relieved by the Ninth. Both declare they established no post of observation on the cathedral, the sys tematic bombardment of which began on tne 13th at 3 P. M. " CHOLERA CASES PROVED BACTERIOLOGISTS FIND DISEASE AMONG WOUNDED IN VIENNA. Spread of Scourge on Hungarian and Galician Frontiers Reported by Home. LONDON, Sept. 27. A dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company from Rome says, that a message receiven there from Vienna says that government bacteriologists have definitely 'estab lished the presence of Asiatic cholera among the 70,000 wounded In the hos pitals of Vienna. It has been declared officially that an Isolated case of cholera was discovered among Austrian soldiers who had re turned wounded from Galicia and un official advices received earlier from Vienna by way of Venice said that a total of nine cases of the disease had been discovered among the wounded soldiers. These cases, however, were reported from widely separated points. ROMK, via Paris. Sept. 27. Dis patches from the Austrian frontier say the spread of cholera, especially in Hun gary and Galicia, is causing anxiety. Lazarettos are being prepared to pre vent the spread of the disease. FRENCH CALM; RIVALS SOB Difference Between. Wounded at Bordeaux Hospital Xoted. BORDEAUX, Sept. 28. There Is one marked difference, wholly phycholog lcal, between the German and the French wounded prisoners who are con stantly arriving here now. Physically there is little difference between the German carried by and his wounded French antagonist in a nearby cot the- bullet or shrapnel has torn the German's flesh no more cruelly than it has torn the Frenchman. But almost all the German prisoners are suffering extremely from nervous exhaustion. Therefore popular opinion abroad of the characteristics of the two nationalities is wholly reversed. The French wounded,, instead of showing signs of nervous excitement, are com paratively calm, whereas the wounded Germans, despite their reputed stoicism. spend the greater part of their waking hours sobbing piteously. CHEHALIS BODIES ORGANIZE Republican and Democratic Commit ters Prepare for Campaign. X CHEHALIS. Wash.. Sept. 27. (Spe cial.) The Republican precinct com mitteemen elected at the primaries met In Chehalis yesterday to perfect a per manent organization. O. J. Albers. of Chehalis, and J. T. Jones,- of Centralia, were elected respectively chairman and secretary to succeed themselves. J. E. McDonald, of Chehalis. was elected treasurer, and J. E. Leonard, of Che halis, state committeeman, and Robert Sommerville. of Centralia, Congres sional committeeman. The Democratic precinct committee men also held a meeting and elected J. H. Roberts, of Centralia. chairman; R. A. Bechaud, of Chehalis, secretary, and Miles McGrail, of Centralia, treas urer. There is a Safety' Type for ladies' nee. WATERMAN'S IDEAL FOUNTAIN PEN. Ask tour nearest dealer. Adv. -. ELEGANCE IN Autumn Attire The models we are showing in women's and misses' wearing apparel are conceded to be the most attractive in Portland. No matter if you plan to pay $22.50 to $150 for the new Fall suit or gown you '11 find that, just , -as varieties are most satisfying here, so are the'values best. t Our line of Fall and Winter coats from $12.50 to $95.00 meets the requirements of those who 4 desire elegance and style, We earnestly invite your crit ical inspection. C. E. HOLUDAY CO. 355 Alder St., Cor. Park PRIZE COURT REIGNS Capture of German Ships Opens British Tribunal. LAST ONE HELD IN 1854 Seizure of Vessels May Lead to Com plications Involving Neutral. Some Craft Are Exempt. Proof "Cp to Captive. , LONDON, Sept. 26. The capture of German merchant vessels all over the world since the beginning of the Euro pean war has caused the British Ad miralty to revive that ancient institu tion, the prize court. The captured ves sels now held by the government must be disposed of and the proceeds, ac cording to precedent, will be prorated among the men who made the captures. Not for 60 years has a prize court sat in England. The last was in 1854, in the Crimean war, when the fate of the Leacade was decided. Booty means spoil taken from the enemy on land. Prize means ship or goods taken on the water. The first is a simple affair. A belligerent is in possession of certain property; his con queror takes it from him and there is no more to be said. Prize Is much more complicated. The capture of a ship may give rise to al.1 -sorts of Questions affecting nations who are not at war at all, and whose rights as ieutrals must be respected. It is here that the need for adjudication arises, and it is In order to settle all such questions and to decide In each Instance whether the captive is or is not lawful prey that recourse is had to a prize court like that over which Sir Samuel Evans is presiding. Flublng Boats Exempt. When a ship belongs to the enemy it is almost always lawful to take her. There are a few exceptions. A fishing boat is exempt, and so is a small local trading vessel, and a mission ship, and a ship conveying exchanged prisoners of war. Apart from such trifling and fairly obvious exceptions, a ship sail ing under the colors or pass of the enemy may always be taken either in our own waters or on the high seas. It is when a vessel flies a neutral flag that difficulties begin. If the neutral flag was hoisted aboard an enemy ship without a bonafide sale and delivery to a neutral completed by the payment of the purchase money, there is no trans fer of property, and the ship is an enemy ship still. Again, a ship, the undoubted property of a neutral, may be violating her netrality. She may have committed a breach of blockade, she may have absolute contraband on board' goods, that is to say, that are deemed specially adapted for warlike purposes. Or she may be conveying conditional contraband goods ren dered contraband by the .ship's destina tion. Skip's Papers Important. . If a neutral ' ship is bound for an ordinary commercial port, a cargo not specially warlike will be presumed not to be Intended for a belligerent, but to be Intended for civil use only, whereas if the destination be a military or naval station a precisely opposite con clusion will be drawn. Moreover, the neutral ship may lose her character by conveying military or naval officers or carrying a belligerent s dispatcnes. in such events she Is liable equally with the avowed enemy to be captured any where except within the territorial waters of a neutral state. A series of simple tests or rules have been laid down relating to the ship papers, the character and destination of the cargo, and the answers of those on board to the interrogatories put to them. If these rules have been trans gressed, the presumption is against the snip, ana sne is conaemnea in me rd sence of contrary proof in her favor. On the other hand, if the rules have not been transgressed the presumption is the other way, suspicions- are disre garded and the captive goes free. It will be seen that the ship's papers the books, passes, charter parties, bills of lading, letters, and so forth found on board are of the greatest Importance if the ship Is to be convicted "out of her own mouth." Russian's Words Give No Offense. WASHINGTON, Sept. 27 Officials The JSJew England Mutual Life Insurance Company Issues all legitimate forms of life insurance and under terms most favorable to the insured Horace ISdecklem General Agent 330-331 Northwestern Bank Building FEEL BADLY ALL OVER? When you feel badly all over but with no particular organ of your body noticeably out of .order, you need a tonic for the blood. You require a medicine that will benefit the whole system. The blood reaches every part of the body and when it is built up the whole system quickly benefits. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are a non alcoholic tonio that build up the blood, making it rlcTi and red and able to sup ply to the tissues of the body the nour ishment they need to keep them in health. ' Most general debility results from thin blood. Every part of the body suf fers and you "feel badly all over." When the blood is restored and a health-giving stream Is going to every part of the body you soon se,e the re sult In a better appetite, an improved digestion, brighter eyes, better color in cheeks and lips. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are a most valuable family tonio and should be taken by" every member of" the family except Infants whenever the general health is not what it should be. Much downright sickness has been saved by the use of a tonic or supporting medi cine in times of physical depression. A book "Building Up the Blood" will be sent free by the Dr. Williams Medi cine Co.. Schenectady, N. Y., on request. All druggists sell Dr. Williams" Pink Pills. Adv . here think the government will take no notice of the interview attributed in New York to Alexander de Stalegsky, Russian Minister to Mexico, in which conditions in the Southern Republic were described as deplorable. It Is said State Department officials feel that no reflection on the United States was contained In the interview. JAPAN IS LEFT HASTILY JOHAN MARKL, OF YOKOHAMA CON SULATE, IN PORTLAND. Man Long Connected With Kaiser's Diplomatic Service Looks for Tarn In Three Months. Driven from his post of duty when Japan declared war on Germany, Johan Markl, secretary to the German Consulate-General at Yokohama, is in Port land. On telegraphic orders received Saturday he probably will leave today for Washington, D. C, to report at the German offices for appointment to duty in the United States. Mr. Mark! has been an official duty for his government 13 years in Japan as clerk and secretary and has been stationed since 1907 in Yokohama. Since his arrival in Portland September 14, with his wife and two children, Mr. Markl has been residing at 621 Going street, at the home of Ernest Wendt. his brother-in-law. "When the ultimatum had expired and wrfr was imminent we knew that the higher officials of our government in Japan would have to leave the coun try, but our understanding of interna tional treaties led us to understand that the lesser officials, such as clerks and secretaries would be allowed to re main," said Vlr. Markl at his temporary home in North Irvington last night. "Therefore, we were surprised when we were politely invited to depart on rather" short notice. The notification came August 25 and we engaged pas sage on the Great Northern steamship Minnesota, which was booked to Bail August 27. This ship carried officials, their wives and children, totaling 48. Many German, residents of Japan also are leaving." Mr. Markl Is a Bavarian, who, as a young man, attended the Real-Gymnasium at Klum, on the Vistula River, the zone where many of the big battles of the war now are being waged.. As a member of the German navy he came to the Pacific Coast before, but this is his first visit to Portland. , Mr. "Markl thinks the war will not last longer than a year and would not be surprised to see peace developments about January 1. So far as funds to finance the war are concerned, he as serts that Germany is rich and that it can stand the war strain on its treas ury for some time to come. He ex hibited censored letters just received from friends and relatives In Germany in which, the loyalty of the home peo ple to the Kaiser is reflected. The average man has within his sys tem the materials for 13 pounds of candles, a pound of nails, 800 pencils, binding for 16 small books, 500 knife blades, 28 violin strings, 20 teaspoon fuls of salt nnd a pound of suear.