Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 26, 1914)
TJIE SIORNIXG OREGOXIAN. SATTTRTiAT. SEPTEHBEJX 2G, 1014. "
Entered at Portland. Oregon, Postofflce
Subscription Rates Invariably In Advance.
Dally, Sunday Included, one year ., (8.00
Daily, Sunday Included, sia month ..... .25
)ally, Sunday Included, three months 2.5
laily, Sunday inoludfcU, one monta -3
Xaily, without Sunday, one year ....... COO
- Dally, without Sunday, six. months ...... 8.25
Pally, without Sunday, three mouths .... L5
Dally, without Sunday, one mouth ...... M
Weekly, one year - 130
Eunday, one year V-ou
Sunday and Weekly, one year S.et
Dally, Sunday Included, one year .99')
Daily, Sunday included, one month ..... .75
How to Remit Send Postoffice money or
der, express order or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at
sender's risk. Give Postoffice address in lul..
Including county and state.
Postage Itatee 12 to 10 pages, 1 cent; Is
to H2 pages, 2 cents; 84 to 48 pages, 8 cents;
60 to Go pages, 4 cents; 62 to 7o pages,
cents; 78 to Ui pages, 0 cents. Foreign post
age, double rates.
Eastern Business Office Verree A Conk
11 n, Mew York, iirunawiclt building. Chi
cago, Stenger building.
ban Francisco Office R. J. BldweU Co
74a Market street.
PORTLAND. SATCKDAI, SEPT., 86, 1914.
SHALL WE IMPORT FOOD?
After saying that "common-sense
consideration of. the. facts" relating
to foreign trade under the Underwood
tariff "will frighten no one,", the New
.York Evening Post continues: "Al
most seven-eighths of the increase in
importations, or $69,000,000, was in
foodstuffs." Here is the banner food
producing country of the world im
porting a greatly Increased proportion
of Its food, yet we are told that is
nothing to frighten us. Such" a great
dairy and poultry state as Oregon is
eating New Zerland butter and Chi
nese eggs. The country which once
surpassed all others In cattle produc
tion eats Argentine beef.
If we were to neglect our own
. food-producing resources and buy
from the foreigner, we might, in case
of war, find ourselves in the position
of Great Britain dependent on con
trol of the sea for some of the neces
saries of life. Such dependence on
Germany for dyes and chemicals
threatens paralysis to our textile and
mining industries. We could in a
pinch survive without colored cloth
or without gold, but we should not
relish going short of butter, eggs or
meat in deference to Mr. Underwood's
The war has proved that the only
really independent nation la the na
tion which not only can but does
supply all Its important wants from
within Its own borders. A nation
which cannot do this is independent
only so long as peace continues or, in
time of war, only so long as it com
mands the sea. The former style of
Independence is maintained by the
Republican policy of fostering home
Industry; the latter style can be main
tained only by a navy strong enough
to overpower any possible adversary.
The Democratic tariff policy can be
followed with safety to the Nation
only by building a 6trongNavy, but
the Democratic party loves a little
Navy headed by the good ship Piffle.
, OUR SUPPLY OF SUGAR.
The only really important food com
modity, the American supply of which
has been seriously reduced by the war,
Is sugar. Approximately 55 per cent
of our consumption is produced at
home and in our insular possessions,
40 per cent is imported from Cuba
and 6 per cent from other countries.
Had the war reduced our supply only
from those sources which are directly
concerned in the war it would have
affected only the 5 per cent last men
tioned, but the belligerents have been
making up their shortage by drawing
on our Cuban and other sources of
Great Britain is short of sugar be
cause it has been deprived of more
than three-fifths of Its supply, which
has hitherto come from its enemies,
Germany and Austria, and encounters
obstacles In obtaining sugar from
Russia, whence comes one-eighth of
Its consumption. That country is
therefore competing with the United
States for the sugar of Cuba, Hawaii,
Porto Rico and the world at large.
This competition has enhanced the
price so rapidly that Porto Rico's
stock of 125,000 bags increased in
price from J3.26 per 100 pounds on
August 1 to $6.52 two weeks later, the
added profit being more than $1,000,
000. But for the war the United States
would have had an abundance of su
gar. Cuba this year. produced 2,600.
000 t6ns, the largest crop in her his
tory. Our domestic production of beet
sugar Is estimated at 650.000 tons. The
European beet acreage Increased 6.7
per cent this year, that of Russia hav
ing 'been 18.7 per cent greater than
last year, and would have yielded
nearly 9,000,000 tons had not the war
taken many thousands of workmen
from the fields and factories. This
would have left a surplus of 3,000,000
tp 4,000,000 tons for export. As mat
ters stand, the record crops of Cuba
and the Philippines, the great increase
In Russia's beet acreage and the
large store of Russian sugar at Vladi
vostok can scarcely meet the British
shortage and the American demand
from abroad, which together total
The high price now prevailing
would, If continued, add $260,000,000
to the profits of those who supply the
Nation's sugar for the year. They
will doubtless induce the beet sugar
refiners to consume every ton of beets
grown this year, and, should the war
continue so long that Europe s pro
duction will be materially reduced
next year, will induce them to offer
such prices for beets as will cause
many more to be grown. But the
purely temporary spurt in prices will
only cause the beet refiners to run
their existing plants to capacity; It
will not warrant them in enlarging
their plants. The reduction and the
prospective total repeal of the sugar
tariff caused refiners to reduce the
price paid farmers for beets, and the
farmers in turn reduced the acreage
sown. The war may cause a tempo
' rary increase in acreage and in output
of refineries, but when it is over and.
the European supply again becomes
normal conditions may become as be
fore, with the exception that induce
ments offered by the tariff for ln
,' creased production are to be with
drawn in May, 1916. s
It will then be for the American
people to consider what means they
will adopt to insure an adequate sup
ply of this necessary of life without
reliance on a source which may fall
through foreign war. Only the most
cheerful optimists believe the present
war will be the last; we must equip
ourselves as well as possible to supply
ourselves with the necessaries of life
when the next war comes. We tried
bounties for many years to increase
beet production, but beet sugar sup
plies only about one-sixth of pur
needs. Protection has not increased
our domestic production. How shall
we guard against a future shortage?
THE GOAT AS A TARIFF VICTIM.
The traveler .through the Willam
ette Valley sees browsing in the un
derbrush of partly-cleared land many
herds of goats. When he inquires, be
learns that the goat is something
more than a feature of the landscape,
but that he is in himself a valuable
Oregon institution. He aids to clear
the land, and he Is easy to feed. But,
more Important still, he yields a valu-
able product in his wool (mohair).
He has added many thousand dollars.
directly and Indirectly, to the wealth
of the Willamette Valley. May his
shadow not grow dimmer nor his bleat
But he Is facing his troubles. The
goat has been hard hit by the new
tariff and his owner is not so sure
now about his prosperous substance,
to say nothing of nis shadow. Speci
men sales of mohair in Oregon have
been as follows:
Carlton 2.&O0 85.25
Brownsville .. 7,000 85.75
Eddyville 6,000 SS.45
Eddyvilla ...28.000 84.00
Cottage Grove.. 10,000 84.00
Lebanon 25.0O0 8X00
Sclo , 20,000 84.00
Eddyville 80,000 28.00
Cottage Grove 12.000 27.50
Junction City 15,000 27.50
In 1912 and 1913, under the Payne
tariff, mohair carried a 12-cent duty.
In 1914 the duty was reduced to 15
per cent ad valorem (about 5 or 6
Is or is there not any significance in
the fact that the price of mohair In
Oregon ranges from 6 to 7 cents, or
approximately the reduction In tariff
TUB WORLD'S NEWS.
No traveler from the West who has
visited New Tork has failed to note
the provincial nature of the metropol
itan newspapers, which give large
space to New York City and European
affairs, and very little to American
events. Aside from sporting news and
Congressional reports, no New York
paper gives consistent attention to the
country at large. The reason doubt
less is that they print what the aver
age New Yorker wants to read.
Just now the exclusion of domestic
news from New York journals is so
marked as to lead to comment from
a New York paper, the Evening Post.
The European war, of course, largely
monopolizes all newspapers; but the
Post shows that in current issues of
the city papers, almost nothing comes
from the United States. In a certain
lsiiue of the Times, there were only
four dispatches (aside from sports)
bearing American date lines; in the
Tribune six; and In the Post Itself
five. The Herald, however, rolls up
a grand total of thirty-five.
The Oregonian has no purpose of
instituting invidious comparisons with
its great city contemporaries; but It
feels justified in saying that newspa
pers outside of New York have a bet
ter range, balance and variety of
news than they have. Take The Ore
gonian of yesterday, for example. It
printed a total of fifty-five separate
news dispatches on the European war,
and it printed eighty-nine news arti
cles or items bearing date lines of
cities and towns outside of Portland.
In this summary are not included
local happenings, or sports, markets,
marine, editorial or miscellaneous.
The readers of The Oregonian have.
whether or not there Is war, a com
plete and impartial outlook on all
DEEP IN" THE CAMPAIGN OP MUD.
The Ores-onlan accuses him (Senator
Chamberlain) of nearly everything in the
calendar of crimes.
The Democratic newspapers of the
state appear to have collaborated in
the production of this particular false
hood. The sentence quoted is from a
paper called the Dallas Itemizer. It
has been printed quite recently in
other little newspapers, giving evi
dence of an organized propaganda to
create sympathy for Senator Cham
berlain because of the wicked person
al abuse of those who oppose his re
election. The Oregonian has accused Senator
Chamberlain of no crime whatever.
It has not in any way called attention
to any delinquencies of any kind, ex
cept political. : Jtr-has not "dragged
his frailties from their dread abode."
On their part, all the Democratic pa
pers are engaged in an inspired and
discreditable mud-slinging campaign
on Mr. Booth. Is there a newspaper
in Oregon, or an Individual, engaged
in this nasty campaign upon Mr.
Booth, that can possibly be unaware
of the particular variety of glass house
in which it Is located ?
But let them go ahead. They are
doing themselves and their cause
more harm than good, undoubtedly.
GUNFIRE AND RAIN.
The European war with . its pro
longer cannon fire within a restricted
area of Northern France offers an
excellent opportunity to test the old
theory that there is a connection be
tween burnt gunpowder and ' rain
storms. When the Germans entered
France the weather was pleasant. At
least the accounts written by the con
scientious and gifted war correspond
ents say nothing of rain and mud.
But now that the guns have been at
work for weeks we begin to hear of
nothing but rain.
The downpour is incessant. The
roads are as bad as Grant found them
in Virginia, The men stand in the
trenches halfway to their waists in
water, and, from Austria at any rate,
come stories of pestilence due to
damp and misery. Anybody who be
lieves in the post hoc ergo propter hoc
theory of things will Jump at once to
the conclusion that the gunplay has
brought on the stormy weather. But
if he does he will overlook onepr two
factors that he ought to keep in mind
if he cares for the reputation of a
Rains are normally expected at
about this -season In France and
throughout Central Europe just aa
they are in Oregon. Nobody would
ever think of ascribing our local Sep
tember rains to cannon shots, no
matter how many there had been or
how fierce the deluge, because we al
ways get rain at this season. The
miracle would be if It failed, not in
its coming. Very likely the showers
would have fallen at about the same
rate in Europe if there had been no
Still it must not be forgotten that
storms accompanied pretty nearly
every great siege or battle in the Civil
War. The connection between the
phenomena was so persistent that it
was taken popularly for a law of na
ture. Grant's men at Forts Donelson
and Henry had to fight In conditions
the most inclement, and so It ran all
through the war, -though there were
notable exceptions. ' The Battle of
Gettysburg was fought in sunshine.
No doubt the popular conclusion was
wrong. Later experiments to bring
on rain by gunfire have uniformly
failed and nothing had been heard of
the subject for years until the present
war brought it up again.
lKEiIIHT TVtLSOl A CANDIDATE.
One can easily read between the
lines of Secretary Tumulty's letter to
the New Jersey Democrats an admis-;
sion that President Wilson will seek
a renomination. The reasons given
for deprecating endorsement apply
only to his home state, and admittedly
so. Were he not a candidate, this was
the time to say so, or to leave the
way clear for him to say so later. In-s
stead, he merely declines an endorse
ment from his home state In advance
of other states. ,
That the President should seek a
second term 13 In accordance with
precedent. That hla party should re
nominate him Is so also. Since It must
go before the people on his record,
it could: not well refuse to continue
him as its leader, for to reject him
would be an implied reflection on.hia
record, which would be Inferred in
spite of any contrary- statements In
But the President and his Secretary
of State cannot escape embarrassment
from the single-term plank which the
latter gentleman inserted in the Balti
more platform. That plank will be
quoted as another example of the
manner In which the President is rip
ping his platform to pieces, and should
he be renominated, it will be quoted
against his party. If Mr. Bryan should
promote Mr. Wilson's renomination,
he, as the chief builder of the plat
form, will have to do some explain
ing. He could not well stand aloof
and retain his office; but. If he should.
he would be accused, with some ap
pearance of truth, of having placed
the plank In the platform in order to
open the way for him to succeed Mr.
The President's, renomination, in
spite of these embarrassments, is aa
much a foregone conclusion as any
political event can be two years in
advance. It is more true of him than
of any recent President that he per
sonally has made his party's record,
for Congress has obediently done his
will. He must take the responsibility
for the tariff law, the Canal tolls law,
the Colombian treaty, the violations
of civil service law, wasteful expendi
tures, the mismanagement of the dip
lomatic service and for the weak for
eign policy, and, having followed him,
his party must be responsible for him,
The wise and stately Yale Review
for October has an article by Profes
sor Henry Seldel Canby on "Teaching
English." He complains, on the best
of grounds, that college students do
not learn to appreciate English liter
ature. They do not even learn the
meanings of English words. That he
writes the truth in these accusations
is a matter of common knowledge.
In Professor Canby's opinion the
college ought to make boys like our
great classics such as Shakespeare and
Milton. They ought to be made to
understand the lines of the poets and
feel the beauty of the allusions,
whether historical or mythological.
His fundamental remedy for their ig
norance of English is, of course, to
teach them Greek. But he has an
other scarcely less futile. Like pretty
nearly every college professor he sees
the destination clearly enough, but he
misses the road to it. Professor
Canby's remedy for poor English, sub
sidiary to the Greek panacea, is this:
Two-thirds of an English course
must be learning to search out the
meaning of the written word." You
doubtless see the point at once, gentle
reader. It Is the famous dissection
theory over again.
To learn truly to love Shakespeare
Tou must lay him out on the dissect
ing table with the other cadavers and
cut him up. The smaller the pieces
you make the better your understand
ing and the fiercer your love. . This is
what the colleges have been doing
with painful assiduity for many a long
year. And behold the consequences.
We have a generation of youth who
do not understand the English Bible.
They are densely ignorant of Shake
speare, Gibbon and Burke. They
have spent ten years, like Erasmus"
asinine friend, in legendo Cicerone,
and they know not a solitary word of
their idol. They have spent eight
years studying Greek and they cannot
quote a line of the "Iliad." Will our
blinded college bigots never get over
their worship of the letter that kllleth
and learn to pay some little attention
to the spirit that maketh alive?
KITCHENER OX THE WARPATH.
While there Is no official confirma
tion of the story that Lord Kitchener
went to Paris, indignantly demanded
a French General's scalp and got it.
that story Is in harmony with what is
known of the British War Minister's
character. He has always been noted
for complete concentration of all his
energies on the work he has in hand
and for ruthlessly pushing away obsta
cles and rejecting men who do not
servo his purpose. His determination
to avoid distraction may largely ex
plain his not having married and his
avoidance of woman's society. He
keeps his mind on his job, and his
success in performing many arduous
tasks is probably due as much to that
characteristic as to his native ability.
One can imagine the rage which
would possess such a man when he
learned that the army he had sent to
aid a sorely-beset ally had narrowly
escaped annihilation because a French
General had not promptly responded
to a call for reinforcements. That
rage must have risen to boiling point
when he found the French General
defended by the War Minister and
when he found French statesmen
playing politics while the Invader was
on their soil.
His action was characteristic. He
boldly delivered an ultimatum to the
government of his country's ally r-
punishment of the offender and elimi
nation of politics from conduct of the
war or withdrawal of British aid
President Poincare eould not but yield
to such a threat, and a Cabinet was
formed of the leaders of all parties,
some of whom had been at daggers
Kitchener's resort to such drastic
measures evidences the unlimited
power which the British government
has placed in his hands. His control
over the conduct of the war is abso
lute, and all political questions are
ignored by a Cabinet with which he
is not politically Jn harmony, in order
that it may have his services. He has
undertaken a task no less exacting
than those he performed in the Sou
dan and South Africa the arming and
training for the greatest of all wars
of a people miserably unready, except
at eea and stubbornly opposed to en
forced military service. He has made
good at everything he has undertaken
hitherto and therefore the British
nation has unbounded confidence in
him and. without hesitation gives him
unlimited power, though it knows him
to be cold as steel and hard as flint,
lie is determined to make good once
more, and when he finds the path to
success obstructed by a dilatory Gen
eral backed by a smallbore politician,
he thrusts them aside. Only such a
man would have so ventured, and only
a man entrusted with autocratic power
could have made such a move and
succeeded. His power arises from a
nation's confidence in his ability and
purpose to win. The British people
do not love him; he is not the kind
of man to Inspire love. They admire
and trust him without stint.
One of the absurdities of American
shipping laws before they were
amended by the Panama Canal act
and the ship registry law, recently
enacted, was brought out by Senator
Simmons in debate on the last-named
bill. The Senator said that an Amer
lean could buy a ship anywhere in
the world, hoist the American flag
over it, claim protection by the United
States Government for ship and cargo
and send It to any port in the world
except an American port, because it
would have been denied American reg
ister. Senator Gallinger was aston
ished, and incredulous at this state
ment, but Senator Walsh proved it
correct by quoting an authority on
international law. Many have had a
vague Impression that, because few
Ships in foreign trade had American
register, little American money was
invested In such ships. American
money has gone into foreign ships in
abundance, but the ships have been
outcasts, compelled to register under
foreign flags, though entitled, by vir
tue of American ownership, to protec
tion by the United States. Other such
absurdities would probably be revealed
by searching investigation of our ship
The Panama Canal is a peace ma
chine of which the United States has
cause to be prouder than any nation
can be of lta war machine. The spec
tacle of this country celebrating its
completion, while other nations are
sorrowing for their dead and for their
wrecked homes, should of Itself be an
Influence for peace.
The need of repairs to the Morrison
and Burnside bridges is due to the
great Increase of traffic rather than to
errors of their builders. The latter
could not foresee how quickly Port-'
land would outgrow its bridges.
Of all the ships that sail the sea.
the American ship Red-Cross and her
like alone need no war insurance.
America's part in the war Is to bind
up the wounds and to strive for recon
ciliation of the combatants.
The Germans have been refused
permission from Switzerland to move
an army corps through that country.
And after the experience with Belgium
the Germans may hesitate at going
Phil Bates, who is at the head of the
confederation of state societies in
Portland, has opportunity for doing
great missionary work next year in a
movement to bring all Coast visitors
through this city.
Secretary McAdoo's tirade against
the banks would have more weight if
he had not already accused them of
bearing the price of Government
bonds, of which they are almost the
The Russians now claim to be with
in "three marches of Cracow." The
Germans might also claim to be within
three marches of Paris. ' Obstacles,
however, sometimes interfere with the
Listen, Nicholas: When you have
Przemysl and Czyschky under your
Wing, please change the names to
something a fellow .can pronounce
when reading the news to his wife.
An "honor" man employed at the
Feeble-Minded Institute broke away a
few days ago. Can you blame him?
There are degrees of dignity in crime.
English football players are asked
to contribute their old sweaters for
the use of troops at the front. Why
aren't the gridiron heroes on the line?
If the British had 500,000 first-line
men in the fray, , all might soon be
over. The Anglo-Saxon fighting man
Is Irresistible if he has a chance.
One of the missing persons has been
located and alleges she is afraid of her
spouse. Of course tne missing men
will not have such excuse.
A German prisoner who escaped has
been recaptured after living twenty
days on snails. No wonder he couldn't
The armies are now trying to clip
a wing, solar-plexus blows and in
fighting having accomplished nothing.
China, having had some experience
with the Japanese, does not recent
the infringement of her neutrality.
It is announced from San Francisco
that a little thing like the war is not
to interfere with the 1915 fair.
The French army Is calling for
Winter clothing, but no mention is
made of wooden overcoats.
The Nobel peace prize fund this
year might be contributed to the Red
Cross force in the field.
It will be noted that the Mexican
problem is as far as ever from solu
The grower who sells hops at 15
cents is throwing away money.
The Asiatic end of the war Is moetly
maneuvers and dress parade.
Revolutionists are raising havoc in
Mexico. Same old story.
General Famine has established field
headquarters at Vienna.
If Bob Copies continues to write he
will expose somebody.'
Washington may as well tie a can
on A. Rustem Bey.
The Kronprinz William is an Ala
bama up to- date.
The burial squads are kept working
On to Berlin!
Half a Century Ago.
From The Oregonian, 8ep.t. 27, 164.
W. L. Higgins, of Portland, furnished
us, a short time since, with a small
quantity of soap manufactured by him.
with a request that It be distributed
among our lady friends, and lta quality
tested and reported. We are now able
to say, on their authority, that this
soap is equal if not superior, to any
other on the market.
A mammoth cheese, made by Mrs.
Davis and Miss Berthena Owens, of
Clatsop County, has passed through
this city for Salem. The cheese was
put up at auction in Astoria last Wed
nesday, and sold, over and over again,
for the benefit of the soldiers' fund. It
netted 2L0. -
Matthew Keith reports that be lost
a )400 draft on Wells, Fargo Co.,
somewhere within two and one-half
miles of Umatilla City. The draft is
payable in Portland, but Mr. Keith has
stopped payment onit. and notifies
all persons not to purchase it.
Judare) T. W Oilmer. nf Sinrimtntn
an old Democrat heretofore acting with
the Copperheads, has left the traitors
and supports Lincoln and Johnson.
New York. Sept. 14. It is ascertained
that Early's shattered forces have
abandoned the Staunton road and are
retreating in disorder via CulneDDer
and Gordonsvllle. directly towards
.Richmond. The road beyond Lynch
burg la reported as unobstructed. It la
said that Lee la unable to spare an
other army sufficiently large to oppose
The state'a contract with Doctors
Hawthorne and Loryea for caring for
tne insane expires this month. The
members of the Legislature are dis
posed to try to provide for the patients
immediately. On Sept. 24 the rulea
were suspended, and a new contract
with the same men was read for the
first time. The bill provides for the
payment of $10 a week for the care and
clothing of the patients, with the pro
viso that the charge shall not (exceed
nine dollars when the number has
It is safe to affirm that the world has
never seen an association of such ef
ficient and comprehensive beneficence
In lessening the horrors of war as our
Sanitary Commission. Its comprehen
sive plans supplying hospital stores.
and information, and collecting sta
tistics are such as never before entered
into the conception of any nation en
gaged in war.
INCIDENT POINTS WAY TO PEACE
Fat of Kansas Farmer Suttsests Plan
for Ending: War.
PORTLAND. Sept 25. (To the Ed
itor.) Readers of The Orecronian will.
without doubt, be impressed with the
tnougni or wnat a wonderful people
we American citizens are, both indi
vidually and collectively, when they
reaa tne article written by a war cor
respondent, E. Alexander Powell, In
which he tells of the great German
army being halted by an officer at hia
(Powell's) request and havlntr their
"picture took" by an American pho
tographer. Just fancy two American
citizens stopping this' vast body of
fighting men, thus accomplishing what
the allied armies with all their artil
lery and rifle fire and bayonet charges
had failed to do!
In imagination we can see the great
army marching along with their terri-i
ble tramp, tramp, tramp. We can see
tne officer, when his men reached a
spot where the "light was good," blow
ing: his whistle (something- like the
captains of our fraternal drll teams
do) and the great army waiting pa
tiently while "the little photographer
nonchalantly smoked his cigarette"
until the dust had settled and then
touched the button; and perhaps it is
not too much to imagine E. A. Powell
telling the officer, after the picture
was taken, that they now had hia per
mission to resume their hitherto un
What an easy avenue for peace nego
tiations this Incident has opened up!
Why should the different nations in
volved have to go through all the dip
lomatic red tape when a few American
war correspondents and photographers
could go to the front and by UBing sim
ilar methods to that of K. A. Powell
Induce the approaching armies to move
away from one another until they
reached a spot where the "light was
good" and have their pictures taken?
The pictures could then be shown to
the Generals and other officers of the
contending forces, and it is possible
they might arrive at the conclusion
that they all looked much nicer alive
and alert than lying dead or wounded
on a battlefield, thus showing them the
folly and horror of war. They conld
then bring this view of war before
their respective rulers, and may be
bring about a lasting peace.
However, If this is impracticable, let
us at least hope that in the Hall of
Fame of America prominent niches
will be reserved for E. Alexander
Powell, war correspondent, and
Thompson, the "little photographer
from Kansas, who up to this tima was
"the only man who had succeeded in
halting the German ermy." H. W.
Collection of Aaratea.
ELKTON, Or., Sept. 22. (To the Ed
itor.) Is there a book published on
the subject of collecting agates. If so,
can I get same, with price?
The next time you are In this city
please call at- the Multnomah Public
Library and ask for these books:
"Gems and Precious Stones of North
AmertfJa," by Kunz. and "Precious
Stones and Geraa. Their History and
Distinguishing Characteristics," by
Streeter. We are informed at this
library there la not tny book in stock
specially devoted to agates. "Agate
Stores," six volumes, 1.50 each, 13 pub
lished by the Markham Tract Society,
150 Nassau street. New York City, and
can be obtained through any book
seller. AN INVITATION TO WHITE.
In order to arouse public dis
cussion of the numerous measures
on the election ballot. The Ore
gonian will devote, on Sundays,
such space to letters on those
subjects from the people as re-
eponse to this invitation justifies,
In making this announcement I
The Oregonian admonishes brev- I
lty and freedom from temper and
personalities. Up to this time
numerous contributions on the f
subject of prohibition, both for t
and against, have not been given I
space because a forum on that
issue prematurely opened invari
ably leads to controversial com-
miinlratinna hfttwepn ind i vl H Ilea 1 a
and soon becomes devoid of in- t
terest. t I
Letters on prohibition, however, - I
will receive consideration for I
place in The Oregonian on Sun- J
days from this time forward. But f
variety and an even balance in f
affirmative and negative argu- I
merits are desirable in this de- i
partment. An impartial attempt
will be made in passing manu
scripts to gain those ends.
This invitation is not extended
to paid propagandists. The de
sire Is to encourage sincere In
dividual expressions of opinion
on the various issues, that their
merits and demerits may be as
widely understood as possible..
GOOD KESILTS FROM FISGAII HOME
Report Issued on Several Men Who
Have Been Reclaimed From Evil.
PORTLAND. Sept, 21. (To the Edi-
tor.)-lt might be of Interest to the
readers of The Oregonian to know of
the results of the work on the lives of
the men who go throuerh Piseah Mis
sion Home. We write often of the work
In general, but for the sake of those
in the world who have loved ones who
drink it might comfort some hearts
that are discouraged and hisheartened
to read this letter relating to Incidents
of the boys' restoration here In our
home. I can only use space for a few.
uur jno. 1. the first drunkard saved
in the Fisga'h work in October, 1911.
is now living an earnest Christian life
in San Bernardino, Cal., where he is
carrying on a splendid rescue mission
work. Another man who was a drunken
lumberjack saved through this man's ef
forts Is now manager of a rescue home
In San Diego, Cal. Through these two
men many others on this Pacifio Coast
have been rescued and sent back into
business life, respectable citizens.
We feel that the San Bernardino
and San Diego homes are branches of
our Pisgah mission in Portland, be
cause these boys are our Fortland con
verts. We da not claim any glory, only
rejoice that the "lifeline" is being
thrown out, and we are sending out the
Peters to rescue their fallen brothers.
While these two are the only ones of
our boys who have taken up the mis
sion work, there are those who are
splendid men, living the truths of the
gospel while filling good positions, who
were once confined in jail most of the
time because of their intoxicated con
One man who last year was a wreck.
as far gona as any I know, la today
makfng good and supporting hia aged
mother in a neat little home. It is a
whole year since be took his last drink.
Another who came and went from our
home for two years finally got the
victory and has been restored, a sober.
Industrious man, to his parents In Sac
ramento, Cal., to care for them In their
old age For eight years they had
mourned for bim aa lost through drink.
They cams to Portland two years ago
to look for bim, but their search was
in vain. He was at that time in Pis
gah Home, suffering from delirium tre
mens. Today he la free.
Another, in Salt Lake City, Is a capa
ble, successful newspaper man. His let
ters are one aong of thankfulness; he
is freo through the power there Is In
the religion of. Jesus Christ.
Another, who was a terrible Inebri
ate, is living a transformed life. He
has married a good woman.
Another, a drunkard and gambler.
was saved and has married a widow
with three children, and supports them
Another la now aupportlng hia motn-
er. Neither of these has taken a drink
for two yeara.
These are Just a few. Many more are
doing well. We need more time . to
test them out. When a man is resiorea
to his manhood lie rebuilds a home and
becomes a part of our common weal.
Wo have many very discouraging
features in this salvaging of men who
have long been on a downward career,'
yet I contend that it pays and Is one
of the things worth while, and I be
lieve God will hold us just as respon
sible for these souls as any other class
of Individuals. It Is often said to me:
"There is no use wasing your time on
him; look for better material." Who
shall set himself for judge over his
brother? Who but God can look into
that man's life and see all the causes
that resulted in his failure? Who need
presume to tell us we need rass him
by as one beyond our help? We will
work on for everyone and try to bring
out the best In each life and fan again
Into vigor that spark of' self-respect
and hopefulness which remains In even
the worst. We feel it is well worth our
while when we see theso men going
out day after day, "strong, active, hard
working men, filling their place, men
among men, who once were the dere
licts, whose habitat was the saloon and
the jail. Yes, it Is well worth our little
Let us work together, and our lives
will not have been lived In vain.
WEIGHT IS OVEH Bt'SIAESS MAN
Crushing Taxes WUI Fall on Him If
tl.tOO Exemption la Adopted.
PORTLAND. Sept. 25. (To the Edi
tor.) It seems to be a custom of many
business men of Portland to dodge
the voting booths and so fail to vote
on the questions which should greatly
concern them. Some little circumstance,
such as the making of a few cents on
a trifling sale of gooda or being a
little late for dinner deprives the Gov
ernment of a sustaining vote. Statis
tics show that Bo per cent of business
men are failures and this is not strange
when we consider how very careless
they are of their rights.
There is now a proposition to be
voted on next November to exempt
tens of thousands of dwellings in Port
land with their accompanying improve
ments and personal property to the
amount of (1500, or, if owned by both
husband and wife, of $3000, from tax
ation. Since the taxes will have to
be paid by somebody, it will come
with a crushing weight on the busi
It is true that if he owns a dwelling
he will be entitled to the exemption
but tUrt will be a mere trifle when
he has to help pay. the taxes for pro
tection of the lives and property of
tens of thousands of bis neighbors.
Then there are the owners of busi
ness buildings who can have no ex
emption of their houses, since they are
not dwellings. Can they make or save
money faster than by showing the vot
ers, both men and women, that they
should vote that every man should
pay for the protection of his own prop
erty? The time will soon come. If it is not
already here, when a man or woman
who fails to vote on the questions
forced upon him by the Initiative, will
be looked upon with contempt.
The state is entitled to his vote and
he will be, in some sense (and a not
unimportant sense, either) a traitor to
his country if he does not lend his
aid in the only manner he can under
our system of government.
Be sure to vote and vote 327 X NO.
E. F. RILEY.
I. over's "Snamua O'Brien."
BAKKR, Or.. Sept. 22. (To the Edi
tor.) Will The Oregonian kindly print
the words of the Irish song, "Shamus
O'Brien"? OLD SUBSCRIBER.
The poem Teferred to consists of 502
lines, too long for reproduction by The
Oregonian. "Shamus O'Brien, the Bold
Boy of Glingall, a Tale of '98." by Sam
uel Lover, can be found In Spier's "Dia
lect Headings," 25 cents, published by
T. S. Denlson, Chicago, and which can
be obtained through any bookseller.
Mints In Cnited Maten.
MILWAUKIE, Or., Sept. 24. (To the
Editor.) Please Inform me how many
mints there are in the United States
and in what'cities they are located.
G. H. COOPER.
There are five mints. Carson City,
New Orleans, San Francisco, Denver
Hitting the Billsrre.
Strange Lady-r-fou are so clever, Mr.
Jean, you talk so well you really
ought to write. Wit Willingly. Will
you give mo your address?
Method la Reaching- Home.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
Jobson (poeketing his pay envelope)
Now for good baseball luck. Jones
What do you mean? Jobson To reach
home 'without being touched.
Twenty-Five Year Ago
From The Oresonlan September 34. 18S9
Astoria The residence of A. Gibbons
seven miles from here on the Walluski
River, was destroyed by five yester
Washington The ruins of Casi
Grand, in Pinal County, Arizona, are t
be preserved. Secretary Noble having
transmitted necessary instructions t
the directors of the geological survey
Shanghai The Emperor and mem
bers of his council are understood to b
debating a memorial demanding the ex
pulsion of Americans from China
There is strong agitation for additional
restrictions on American business in
terests and missionaries.
Secretary Noble, of the Interior De
partment, is understood to be in lint
for the" Supreme Court appointment.
Chicago The large publishing housi
of Belford, Clark & Co. yesterday went
into the hands of the receivers. Th
assets are estimated at about f400,00
and the liabilities at tho same figure
Chicagt) President A. G. Spauldlna
says of the rumored baseball trustl
"I shall not retire from business on
account of the great plot, but I wlU
secure the best team possible and gc
ahead next season." He said that
while he would like to retire from base
ball he nor his associates would b
driven out of the businesa they had
built up by hard work.
A marriage license was granted yes
terday to William Bonner, aged 22, and
Daisy Merrick, aged 20.
Mra. Langtry declares aha is going
to compel the play-going public ot
Britain to acknowledge her ability al
an actress before she returns to tb
United States. John Bull's proverbial
subbornness may work us a good turr
E. J. (Lucky) Baldwin, the San Fran
cisco millionaire, was in tho city yes
terday and left for the Sound last night
Here is a short, concise history of hii
"Lucky" Baldwin has been a black
smith, a farmer, a stablekeeper; he hai
kept a hotel, a grocery store and a the
ater. He was a boatswain on a St
Louis canal; became a traveling trades
man, crossed the plains and did a rat
tling business In tobacco and run:
among the saints of Salt Lake City.
Finally ha reached San Francisco
where the first thing he did was t
start a temperance hotel. Then he be
came a brickmaker and made money
Ophir stock was ruining everybody.
Baldwin tried his luck at it and cam
out winner by $18,000,000. He ia non
60 years old, tall, dark, wiry, nervous
Congressman "Sunset" Cox, of New
York, had he lived would have been 63
years old today. He was in Oregon sia
of seven weeks ago, and hia interview
by a reporter from The Oregonian wai
his last public utterance on politics, al
the New York World remarked at th
time of bis death a few days ago.
The Fulton Park Motor Company is
laying track on Second street, having
purchased the franchise for that street
from the Traction Company.
Very Reverend J. F. Fierens. vicar
general of the Catholic archdiocese ol
Oregon, is resting after a 14-months
tour of the old world. "I traveled fai
and wide but I found no place lik
Oregon," he said.
The annual meeting of the Portland
Board of Trade was held last night
President Donald Macleay being in th
chair. The annual report showed a
healthy and gratifying growth of Port
land in the last year.
May Tohe and William Collier will
appear in the production of "The Citj
Directory" at the New Park Theatei
Fell or Fall.
PORTLAND, Sept. 25. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly Inform me which is pref
erable: "Am going out to fell a tree,"
or "Am going out to fall a tree."
"Fell" is the proper word to use.
Sketches From .
Two pages of pen sketches from
the famous artist, Xavier Sager,
who is now in the French array,
show types of warriors and inter
esting incidents of campaigning.
One of these pages is in colors,
showing the various French uni
forms in the field.
They show latest phases of the
struggle in Europe. There are four
pages of them.
Sterling Ileilig, Paris correspond
ent of The Sunday Oregonian, is
among the refugees in Switzerland
and he sends an absorbing illus
trated letter from Lusanne. Later
he will write from the theater of
A Guide to the Kuins.
A unique article by a pessimistic
French writer, who foresees the end
of European civilization as a eon
sequence of the great war.
A study of German trade and
how it has been stopped by the
A Girl Prodigy.
She is ten years old, yet she has
mastered eight tongues and accom
plished "other mental marvels. Half
page, with photos.
Wealthy Women Hungry.
They are American women and
they have been shut in by the war.
Another article from Sterling Hei-lis-
Au account of the queer liberties
with nature taken by an engineer
and inventor, who has devised a
mechanical means of suppressing
The third installment in Edna
Ferber's delightful serial.
The latest wrinkles in dress for
late Fall and early Winter. Two
The Peace Bird.
And a page of illustrated fea-t
tures for the children.
These Are a Few of Many
Order early of your newsdealer.