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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1914)
THE 3IORNTNG OREGOXIAJf, FRIDAT, SEPTEMBER 18, 1914.
GERMANS SEEN AT
Leipsig May Be One of Five
Cruisers Reported in Un
MARINE SEEKS REFUGE
Captains Arriving at Honolulu Tell
of Discovery of 12 Passenger and
. Freight Ships and Two Tankers
in Pacific Porta.
HONOLULU. T. H., Sept. 17. Two
German merchant marine captains from
the China seas have brought word that
the German merchant marine and navy
ore making- the Marshall Islands their
rendezvous in the Pacific Five Ger
man cruisers, two steam oil- tankers
and 12 German passenger and freight
steamships are said to be there now.
Captain Hellhoff, of the little Ham
burg - American trader Loongmoon.
which arrived here last night from the
blockaded port of Tsing-Tao, 43 days
out, told the story first. Captain Voge
ler. of the Gouvernner Jaeschke. also
of the Hamburg-American freight ser
vice, which arrived today from the
China seas, corroborated him.
Information Source Hidden.
Neither skipper told where he got
his information, nor did they explain
why they did not put into the harbor
at Jaluit Island themselves, but pre
ferred to seek refuge here. There are
now six German vessels here, which
probably will rmain until peace with
Germany is declared.
Why Germany should have chosen to
concentrate her naval strength in the
Pacific and her merchant wealth at the
unfortified Marshall Islands is not
clear, without explanations. Seeming
ly such a rendezvous would be wholly
satisfactory to the allies, whose com
bined force in those waters is much
heavier than Germany's. Attacking in
concert they could wipe out the Ger
man fleet and capture a rich store of
prizes at one sweep.
LcipalK May Be at Islands.
However, if the two Hamburg-American
skippers are correct, the tale
might account for the absence of news
from the cruisers Leipsig, Nurnberg,
Gneisenau and Scharnhorst, which be
.tween their rare appearances in port
have been variously reported at all the
points of the compass from the China
teas to South America.
The Marshall Islands were acquired
by Germany in 1885 and form the last
important -German possession in the Pa
cific not seized by Great Britain. At
last reports they supported a native
population of more than 16,000 and a
European population of between 160
HOP KING'S PLEAS FAIL
BRITISH REFUSE TO RELEASE!
BARON VAN HORST.'
Wnahinttton Told That Captive Hegrla.
terrd as German and Can't Prove
WASHINGTON, Sept. 17. (Special.)
The State Department can do nothing
toward effecting the release of Baron
Louis von Horst, of San Francisco, the
"hop king:." who is being held in one
of the London detention camps on the
charge of espionage and alleged to be
a hostile alien.
This information was conveyed to
day to Representative Kahn by the de
partment, which has had the subject up
three times by cable with the embassy
in London, on urgent and repeated re
uuesta from Kahn that Von Horst be
released. The embassy reported that
Von Horst had registered with the
London police as a German citizen and
is unable to produce any papers show
ing that he is a United States citizen,
as he contends. In view of these
facts the embassy can do .-nothing to
ward obtaining the Baron's release..
The English authorities refuse to ac
cept the Baron's statement that he is
en' American citizen. Probably the
Kan Franciscan will have to remain a
ITisoner until the end of the war, the
embassy reported. He had no Amer
ican passport when arrested and had
registered with the police as a resi
dent of Coburg, Germany.
BATTLE ON SIX RIVERS
(Continued From First Page.)
line north of the Ourcq extending from
Oulchy-le-Chateau to Longpont.
"On thi3 day there was also a gen
eral advance of the French all along
their whole line, which ended in a
substantial success, in one portion of
the field Duke Albrecht of Wuertem
burg's army being driven back across
the Saulx. and elsewhere the whole of
the artillery of a German corps being
captured. Several German colors also
Success Improves Morale.
"It was only on this day that the full
extent of the victory gained by the
allies on -ptember 8 was appreciated
by them, and the morale of this suc
cess has been enormous. An order dat
ed September 6 ' and 1. issued by the
commander of the German seventh
corps, was picked up. It said that the
great object of the war was about to
be attained, since the French were go
ing to accept battle, and tl t on the
result of this battle would depend the
issue of the war and the honor of the
"It seems probable that the Germans
not only expected to find that the Brit
ish army was beyond the power of as
suming the offensive for some time, but
counted on the French having been
driven back on the line of the Seine,
and that, though surprised to find the
latter moving forward against them
after they had crossed the Marne, they
were in no wise deterred from making
. a great effort.
"On Saturday, the 12th. the enemy
were found occupying a formidable
iiosition opposite us on the north of the
line at Soissons. They had both sides
of the river and an intrenched line on
the hills to the north of eight road
bridges and two railway bridges cross
ing the Aisne. within our section of
the front. Seven of the former and
both of the latter had been demolished.
German Howitzers Well Concealed.
"Working from the west to the east,
our third army corps gained some high
ground south of the Aisne, overlooking
the Aisne Valley, to the east of Sois
Kons. Here a long-range artillery
duel between our guns and those of
the French on our left and the enemy's
artillery on the hills continued the
greater part of the day and did not i
cease until nearly midnight. The enemy
had a large number of heavy howitzers
in" well-concealed positions.
"The movement of this army corps
was effected In co-operation with the
French sixth army corps on our left,!
which gained the southern half of the
town In the night.
"The second army corps dwi not cross
the Aisne. The first army corps got
over the River Vesle. to the south of
the Aisne. after the crossing had been
secured by the first cavalry division.
It then reached a line south of Aisne
practically without fighting.
"At Braisne the cavalry division met
with considerable opposition from in
fantry and machine guns holding the
town and guarding the bridge. With
the aid of some of our infantry it
gained possession of the town about
midday, driving the enemy to the north.
Some hundred prisoners were captured
around Braisne where the Germans
had thrown a large amount of field gun
ammunition into the river, where it
was visible under two feet of water.
Rain Hamper Transports.
"On our right the French reached the
line of the River Vesle. On this day
began an action along the Aisne which
is not yet finished and which may be
merely of a rearguard nature on a
large scale or may be the, commence
ment of a battle of a more serious na
ture. "It rained heavily on Saturday af
ternoon and all through the night,
which severely handicapped transport
"On -Sunday, the 13th. strong re
sistance was encountered on the whole
of our front, which was 15 miles in
length. The action still consisted for
the most part of long-range gun fire,
that of the Germans being to a great
extent from their heavy howitzers,
which were firing' from cleverly con
cealed positions. Some of the actual
crossings of the Aisne were guarded
by strong detachments."
"By nightfall portions of all three
corps were across the river, the cavalry
returning to the south side. By this
night, or early next morning, three
pontoon bridges had been built and our
troops also managed to get across the
river by means of the bridge.
Infantry Cross on Girder.
"On our left the French pressed on,
but were prevented by artillery fire
from building a pontoon bridge at
Soissons. A large number of infantry,
however, crossed in single file the top
girder of the railway bridge left stand
ing:. "During the last three or four days
many isclated parties of Germans have
been discovered hiding In the numerous
woods a long way behind our line. As
a rule they seemed glad to surrender
and the condition of some of them may
be gathered from the following inci
dent: "An officer proceeding along the
road in charge of a number of led
horses received Information that there
were some of the enemy in the neigh
borhood. He gave the order to charge,
whereupon 106 men surrendered.
"At Senlls immediately on his arrival
a proclamation was issued by the com
mander of a German division. The main
points were that all arms were to be
handed in at the town hall at once;
that all civilians found with arms
would be shot at once; no person was
to be in the street after dark; no lights
were to be maintained in the houses or
the streets; the doors of all houses
were to be left open and the inhabi
tants were not -to collect in groups.
Any obstruction of the German troops
or threatening them would be immedi
ately punished by death.
Judicious Mayor Saves Town.
"At Villers Cotterets, the Mayor ap
pears to have behaved Judiciously, and,
though supplies far in excess of the
capabilities of the place were demand
ed, the town was not seriously dam
aged. The Germans evacuated the
place on September 11 in such haste
that they left behind a large amount
of the bread requisitioned.
"It was said by the inhabitants that
the enemy had destroyed and aban
doned 16 motor lorries, seven guns and
"Rnelms was- occupied by the enemy
on September 3. It was reoccupied by
the French after considerable fighting:
on September 13.
"On the 12th a proclamation, a copy
of wlhch is in the possession of the
British army, was posted ail over the
town. A literal translation of this
" 'Proclamation In the event of an
action being fought early today or in
the immediate future in the Immediate
neighborhood of Rheims the inhabi
tants are warned that they must re
main absolutely calm and must in no
way try to take part in the fighting.
They must not attempt to attack either
isolated soldiers or detachments of the
ElKht-Onc Hostages Are Taken.
" 'The erection of barricades, the tak
ing up of paving stones in the streets in
a way to hinder the movement of
troops, or, in & word, any action that
may embarrass the German army, is
" 'With an"id"e to securing adequate
ly the safety of the troops and to in
stil calm into the population of the
Rheims, the persons below have been
seized as hostages by the commander-in-chief
of the German army. These
hostages will be hanged at the slight
est attempt of disorder. Also, the town
will totally or partially be burned and
the inhabitants will be hanged for any
infraction of the above.
" 'By order of the German authori
ties. The Mayor.'
"Here followed the names of 81 of
the principal inhabitants of Rheims,
with their addresses, including four
priests, and ending with the words,
'and some others.' "
GERMAN ASKS FOR TERMS
(Continued From First Page.)
in bringing about peace and to point
out the readiness of the United States
to -communicate to Germany and
Austria any statement of terms which
the allies might care to make.
Diplomatists were disposed to be
lieve that through such informal con
versations something definite in the
way of peace terms might yet be ob
tained as a working basis. - If a con
cord of opinion for the discussion of
peace terms were reached. President
Wilson then would endeavor to obtain
an acceptance by all the belligerents of
the original tender of good offices.
Conference Already Suggested.
This would not mean a cessation of
hostilities unless the mediating power
specifically made it a condition of
mediation and all the belligerents
agreed to it. An armistice would not
hinder military movements or prep
arations, serving merely as a truce
while peace was discussed.
President Wilson already has in
dicated that he believed the final reck
oning of the war should be made in
a conference of the European powers,
and it would be the function of the
United States to preside at such a con
ference if its services as a mediator
Various reports were current' today
that Germany had named several con
ditions under which she would make
peace, that she had refused proposals
to alter the territorial status of her
empire and possessions and would cede
no territory nor dismember her fleet,
but it was said, authoritatively, that
nothing of this character was contained
in any of the messages from Berlin
to the American Government.
Delta Us to Meet Tomorrow.
The Delta Upsilon fraternity will
meet tomorrow at noon at the Univer
sity Club. Several matters of impor
tance relative to the Fall and Winter
meetings will come up for discussion
and a large attendance is desired.
BRITAIN HAS EIGHT
DIVISIONS IN FRANCE
Desire Is That Steady Stream
of Reinforcements Shall
Keep Pouring In.
NEW ARMIES ORGANIZING
Karl Kitchener Takes Country Into
Confidence in Speech to House of
Lords Tone Is Confident.
Long War Predicted.
LONDON, Sept 17. Speaking in the
House of Lords today. Field Marshal
Earl Kitchener revealed the strength
of the British expeditionary force in
France and described what he believed
must be done to assure a successful
issue of the conflict. A steady flow of
reinforcements was required, he said.
There were already In France, he
said, more than six divisions of British
infantry and two divisions of cavalry,
which were being maintained at their
full strength. Further regular divi
sions and additional cavalry were being
organized from units drawn from over
seas garrisons wnlch were now being
occupied by territorials and volun
teers. A division of territorials already
had left for Egypt, a brigade had gone
to Malta and a garrison force to Gib
raltar. New Armies. Being; Formed.
Referring to the two new armies, the
Secretary said that new divisions were
now being collected at the training
quarters. The third army was being
formed on the new camping ground
and the fourth army was being created.
Meantime Indian divisions were on
In his dispatches from the front Sir
John French, commander of the British
expeditionary force, had omitted, the
Secretary continued, one aspect of the
situation the consummate skill and
calm courage of the commander himself.
The government appreciated, however,
the full value of Sir John's service.
Troops in Good Heart.
Earl Kitchener also paid a tribute
to the other generals and the bravery
and endurance of the officers and men.
The latest advices from General French
did not materially change the situa
tion, as it was already known from
published statements. The troops were
reported to be in good heart and ready
to move forward "when the moment
On the subject of recruiting. Earl
"A country which prides itself on
outdoor sport as does England should
have no difficulty in finding men capa
ble of making officers. The territorials
are making great strides in efficiency
and before long will be able to take
their part in the campaign. Meanwhile
reserve units are being sent to augment
the expeditionary force and their places
are being taken by territorials.
Long; Straggle Forecast.
"While England has good ground for
quiet confidence, it should be borne in
mind that the struggle is bound to be
a long one and it behoovea us to de
velop armed forces to carry on and
bring the mighty conflict to a success
ful conclusion. It will be necessary
in order to keep the army at its full
strength to maintain -a steady flow of
AID BY JEWS IS URGED
ZAJTGWILL SOUNDS NOTE FOR AL
LIES AGAIJfST GERMANY.
Author Asserts He Is Justified in
Saying- Britain Is Fighting in
Behalf of Mankind.
LONDON. Sept. 17. Israel Zangwill
has sent to the Standard an appeal to
the Jews in all neutral countries to
support the allies against Germany.
Zangwill appeals especially to the
Jews of America.
"Although the most monstrous war
in human history was 'made in Ger
many,' and although Germany's be
havior in the war is barbarous as its
temper is in peace," he says, "I note
with regret that a certain portion of
the Jews in America and other neutral
countries seems to withhold sympathy
from Great Britain and its allies.
"I am well aware that Germany's
press agent paints Germany "as a
guardian of civilization. an angel
fighting desperately against hordes of
savages imported from Africa and Asia,
but if we are using black forces it is
for a white purpose,
"Germany is using white forces for
black purposes, but not even certain
Jews of Russia, will continue to suffer
once England is relieved from this
"This Is not the mere utterance of a
politician in a crisis.
I ajn in a position to state that I
represent the attitude of all that is
.best in English thought. It is with
confidence, therefore, that I appeal to
American and other 'neutral' Jews not
to let the shadow of Russia alienate
their sympathies from this indomitable
island which now, as not seldom be
fore is fighting for mankind and
which may yet civilize Russia and
FIGHT STILL GOING ON
CContinusd From First Page.)
ing evidence of vigor and enthusiasm.
They have repulsed with success the
counter attacks undertaken by the en
emy both during the day and at night.
The morale of the French soldiers is
Berry-au-Bac is 11 miles northwest
of Rheims and about 25 miles east of
Soissons. Etain is 12 miles northwest
of Verdun, and Thlacourt is 28 miles
southeast of the same place.
GERMANS REPORTED STRONGER
French Embassy Says Rear Is Re
inforced, Berlin Denies Loss.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 17. Both the
French and German embassies gave out
statements today on the situation in
France. The French statement said the
Germans had received reinforcements
from the rear. The German statement
said the German retreat was not a
military loss and that French attempts
to break through the line had been re
pulsed. The French Embassy gave out the
following as coming from Bordeaux:
"On the 14th and 15th of September
the rear of the enemy has been in
touch with the pursuing forces of our
army. The rear of the enemy has been
reinforced. The enemy was forced to
accept battle along the whole front.
part of which waa strongly organized.
"The allies are on the north of Vic-sur-Naisne.
Soissons and Laon and also
the high hills on the north of France.
The lines reach on the north to Ville-sur-Tourve.
a town on the west of the
Argonne mountains, and continues over
the Argonne by a line passing to the
north of Varennea. This last place has
been evacuated by the enemy, who has
reached the river Meuse. close to the
forests of Forges, on the north of Ver
dun." The German Embassy announced It
had received the following by wireless
"All the French and English reports
of victories of battles in France are
untrue. The German retreat of the
western wing was a tactical maneu
ver, not affecting the strategical posi
tion. The French attempt to break
through the center of the German posi
tion was victoriously repulsed.
"There is confirmation of German
successes at several points of the long
extended battlefield. The Temps re
ports that the losses of the British
army in the recent fighting amount to
15,000 dead and wounded."
PARIS HAS XO TJXEASIXESS
People Take Scarcity of News as
Matter of Course.
LONDON. Sept. 18. A Reuter dis
patch from Paris says:
"Many French and English wounded
coming from Rheims are passing
through Nonsy-le-Sec. During the last
three days 1500 German prisoners have
been sent westward. Another train of
German war material has arrived at
"Crepy-en-Valois, in the department
oi uise. is among the towns most sorely
tried by the German invasion. It was
three times occupied by the Germans.
The Mayor, Dr. Chohinet gave a treat
example of devotion. Although 70 years
oia. ne was unsparing in his attention
to the wounded.
"Despite the gravity of recent com
munications no uneasiness is felt here
regarding the result of the battle of
the Aisne. It Is realised that, as in the
case or the battle of the Marne, news
necessarily will be scarce for some
"The struggle of the last three days
has not been less severe than that of
the Marne. but the cnnrtitinn. f -,
the allies. Certainly the enemy' right
""i"" a strong position, but even
that quarter has been obliged to give
way slightly at certain points. The
chief difficulty heretofore has been to
Uwio i position of the enemy's guns
'Along the rest of the line the Ger
mans are favorably placed, but the
evacuation of Varennes indicates that
"?rinan left 13 beginning to yield
The German army is fighting at an
enormous distance from its base, with
extremely inadequate lines of communi
cation. On its left the way is barred
by the strongly fortified and intact
trench frontier. in th .--- - i
threatened by the Belgian army. Finally
r,nl aggravate the dif
ficulties attending the commissariat
and the construction of entrenchments."
BERLIS POSTMEN CAPTURED
Farmers Also Prisoners of Allies;
Hard Marching Described.
BORDEAUX. Sept. 17. The official
world of France awaits with optimism
the result of the great batUe in
Northern France. The Germans un
doubtedly have received fresh supplies
men ana ammunition, hut probably
less than the French. The French
troops, in the opinion of the Temps'
military expert, flushed with victory,
have an advantage over the enemy
who has beep in retreat.
Prisoners from the battle of the
Marne continue to pour into Bordeaux,
but so discreetly has their transport
been arranged that the people of the
city are hardly aware of their pres
ence. Eight hundred arrived today,
most of them Saxons, belonging to, the
agricultural classes. Some of them
were Berlin postmen. All talked free
ly, pointing smilingly to their tattered
"Red trousers are more elegant, but
also more visible,'" said one.
The majority of the prisoners had
been wounded In the first action, but
if they fought little they marched
much. "We never did less than 45 or
50 kilometers a day." said one of the
men. "The field kitchens had diffi
culty in keeping up. but nevertheless
we usually had one hot meal. But the
marching exhausted us. One day we
marched for 22 hours, interrupted by
only one hour's sleep."
"This war is a terrible thing said a
Saxon infantryman, with tears ir his
eyes. "I left there" pointing to the
east "my wife and children. Do you
think I am here willingly? What do
we want here?"
KINGS EXCHANGE GREETING'S
Albert of Belgium Praises British In
Battle of Marne.
LONDON, Sept. 17 King George to
day received the following telegram
from the Jv.ing of the Belgians:
"I desire to congratulate you most
heartily on the splendid action of the
British troops at the battle of the
Marne. In the name of the whole Bel
gian nation I express to you our deep
est admiration for the courage of the
officers and soldiers of your army.
"God win surely help our armies to
avenge the atrocities committed on
peaceful citizens and against a country
whose only crime has been that she
refused to be false to her engage
ments." King George, on receipt of the tele
gram, sent the following reply to King
"I thank you most sincerely for your
kind telegram and for your apprecia
tion for the services of my troops. I
earnestly trust that the combined op
erations of our allied forces in combi
nation with your brave army, whose
heroic efforts are beyond all praise,
will meet with continued successes and
will free your much-tried country
from the invader."
AMERICAN CLAIMS WAIT
State Department Not Ready to Ask
Damages for Seizures.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 17. Advices to
the State Department today say that
in many cases the British government
already has released cargoes of Amer
ican goods seized In belligerent vessels
at the time of the declaration of war.
Many such cargoes have been forward
ed to their destinations.
It is expected American shippers will
ask for several million dollars la dam
ages for delay caused by seizure, but
the State Department will not take up
the question Immediately.
I IRUSH Ex. LAN
HOW IV Ft'LL FORCE
We are too busy to write more.
USED PLAYER FIAVOS FROM S UP USED PIAVOS FROM S87 .50 UP
We do nm we advertise.
i Portland Branch
BROKERS FIGHT TAX
Republicans Preparing War on
CHECKS MAY BE IMMUNE
No Effort to Be Made by Committee
for Graduated I-evy oil Automo
biles Bill May Be Debated
In Few Days.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 17. Stock bro
kers protested to Democrats of the
House ways and means committee
against the proposal to include in the
war revenue bill now being drafted a
special tax on them of $50 a year.
Such a tax was levied In the war
revenue act of the Spanish-American
War, which the Democratic caucus
authorized the committee to emulate In
the present emergency.
The matter will be taken up tomor
row, when the committee expects to
receive from the Treasury Department
estimates of revenue to be derived from
special and stamp taxes proposed to be
Administration leaders hope to have
the revenue bill perfected and ready
for debate in the House early next
week. Republican leaders in both
houses already are preparing to fight
the measure. Senator Smoot is chair
man of the special minority committee
designated by the Republican confer
ence to lead the opposition.
Prospects of large revenues from a
stamp tax on insurance policies and
land conveyances have led Democrats
of the ways and means committee to
plan to eliminate the stamp tax on
checks from the war revenue bill. Some
members hope abandon the checks
tax altogether.vbut If that is not feas
ible it will be proposed to exempt all
checks under $50.
No effort will be made by the House
committee to substitute . a graduated
tax on automobiles, based on manufac
turers' value, for the 2-cent tax on
gasoline. Such an effort may be made,
however, when the bill reaches the
BODIES CHOKE STREAMS
HORRORS OK FLIGHT IV Ci A LI CI A
TOLD IV PETROGRAU.
Line of Auatro-Germaa Flight Is
Marked by Military Debris of
Kvery Kind, Say Writers.
LONODN, Sept. 18. The newspaper
correspondents descr'be horrtole scenes
on the battlefields abandoned by the
--ustro-German forces last week, says
the Morning Post's Petrograd corre
spondent. Streams, they say. were choked full
with slain men. trodden down in the
headlong' flight until the wr.ters were
dammed and overflowing the banks.
Piles of dead are awaiting burial or
burning. Hundreds of acres are sown
with bodies and littered with weapons
and battle debris, while wounded and
riderless horses are careering madly
over the abandoned country.
'-'The trophies captured comprise much
German equipment. An ammunition
train captured at Janow. 11 miles
northwest of Lemberg, was German,
while the guns taken Include 36 of
heavy caliber bearing Emperor Wil
liam's initials and be'onging to the
German sixth army corps. .
"The line of retreat of the Austro
German forces was blocked with debris
of every kind valuable military sup
plies, telephone and telegraph lnstalla-
Bring- this ad. with you.
433-435 Washington Street
Piano Sale by order of the Court.
Three Player Pianos at $188 each.
These are $750 Player Pianos. Only
three at this price. Come quick. Free
Music Rolls. Many others at equally
388 Morrison St.
Store Open Every Evening
tlons, light railway and other stores.
bridging material, in fact, everything
needed by a modern army was flung
away in flight. More than 1000 wagons
with commissariat supplies alone were
"The Bourse Gazette, which is ap
parently inspired, declares that Russia
will enter into no peace negotiations,
direct or indirect, until Prussian mili
tarism is completely crushed."
TRAIN KILLS 9 ON TROLLEY
Fifteen Others Injured When. Street
car Is Hurled Over Bank.
SlEMPMS. Tenn.. Sept. 17. Nine
persons are known to have been killed
and more than 15 injured early tonight
when an Illinois Central freight train
crashed into a streetcar containing
about 35 passengers near Binghamp
ton. a suburb of Memphis.
The wrecked car, a trailer, was
hurled over an embankment, and the
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foremost freight cars toppled over
Recovery of the bodies of the victims
from the tangled heap of wreckage
was attended by great difficulty, but
two hours after the tragedy nine dead
had been found, and 15 injured taken to
President Promises Economy.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 17. President
Wilson announced today that expenses
of Government departments during
the next fiscal year would be kept as
low as possible. He indicated that
every effort waa to be made to econo
mise, in view of the falling off of the
Government's revenues, caused by the
AVhite House Summer Kiid.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 17. Summer
came to an official close at the White
House today when President Wilson's
"office" tent on the lawn was taken
down. The President had not used the
tent often because the glare of the sun
throusrh the canvas made it too hot.