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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1914)
TTTT3 MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1914.
Entered at Portland. Oregon. Foatofflc a
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PORTLAND, FRIDAY, SEPT. IS. 1814.
THE DAY OF RECXOXTN'G.
Here now we axe to have a. war tax,
with no war. Tha emergency that
confronts the American people Is due
In. no way to any act by them; but
not so much can be said for Congress.
If Congress had observed the
pledges of economy and retrench
ment upon which it was elected, the
war tax would not be necessary. But
Congress at this session has made
appropriations of all kinds approxi
mating 1.100,000,000 the largest in
history and the end la not yet. The
ordinary expenses of government for
the fiscal year ending June 30. 1914,
were $17,000,000 greater than in any
The people are to be penalized for
the extravagance of Congress. The
spoilsmen must be fed. The spenders
are running the country. They have
performed no single Important act
that could, by the most liberal con
struction, be said to be designed to
save money. It Is a wastrel
When the people of the United
States find themselves pinched here
and there, in their industrial activi
ties. In their pastimes, and in their
business, by an exacting Government,
to pay taxes that by ordinary pru
dence could (well have been avoided,
they will realize more keenly than
ever what 'Democratic Inefficiency Is
doing for them.
FIGHTING SHOTJXDER TO SHOULDER.
French and Germans are now In
terlocked in a struggle for the upper
hand in the first phase of a new cam
paign. The German aim is again to
work into position to assume the of
fensive and drive the allies back on
Paris. The French aim Is to expel
the invaders from France. Upon the
outcome will depend the character of
the campaign in France for some
weeks to come.
It is noted that the battle line has
been shortened by half. The area of
combat no longer extends from the
English channel to Switzerland, al
though heavy patrols move through
out this area engaging In frequent
minor clashes. It is probable that
the Germans have drawn in their
lines so as to reinforce their firing
line where the main issue is being
waged and make It no longer neces
sary for men to fight beyond the lim
its of endurance. Skirmish lines can
be replaced by supports and supports
by reserves in the night where the
battle is continuous and troops are
available in sufficient force.
The present main battle limits are
described as extending from Noyon,
north and east of Paris, to Verdun, a
line that runs nearly east and west.
Noyon is some fifty-five miles from
Paris; Verdun nearly twice that dis
tance. Paris lying at the apex of the
triangle formed by drawing a line
from Paris to Noyon, thence to Ver
dun, thence back to Paris. The right
of the German line is held by Von
Kluck with the army that fled pre
cipitately from before Paris, the cen
ter by Von Buelow and the left by
the German Crown Prince. These
distributions are reported as the
fruits of French reconnoissance and
are not verified from Berlin. The
French distributions are not disclosed
from Paris in any greater detail than
that the French army Is engaging the
enemy all along the line.
At this stage the important point Is,
which side will be able to maintain
the offensive. First the Germans were
the aggressors, then the French. Now
the two armies battle for that covet
ed military advantage. Paris Is not
now the immediate issue. Nor Is Ger.
mad expulsion. It is plainly a mat
ter of which army can hold. Their
struggle resembles that of two foot
ball teams alternately bucking the
line and just now the French appear
to have the ball, . while the Germans
Struggle to hold their entrenched po
sltlons. If they succeed, then their
object will be to advance their lines.
If they fail they will have to retire to
a second line. Doubtless a second en
trenched position has been prepared
for this emergency and It is probable
that the French have prepared exten
sive earthworks in the rear of their
present position in event they must
In this type of warfare the Ger-
mans have one advantage in the mat
ter of field equipment. Each com
pany of German infantry carries
with It 100 entrenching spades. The
French Infantry company provides but
six. When it comes to burrowing the
Germans are able to throw up a line
of shallow trenches In short order,
while the French process is slower
and more laborious.
The campaign In Lorraine, whil
an extension of this main battle,
really does not bear greatly on the
fighting between Noyon and Verdun
In Lorraine the problem is similar;
troops fighting from entrenched posi
tions, each seeking to advance its line,
The whole situation Is now one of
one army at the throat of another
army, with the numbers fairly equal
and conditions seeming to favor
neither side in any great measure,
During the past few days the strate
gists apparently have been out of the
game while the tacticians were at the
throttle. Frontal attacks and counter
attacks have consumed the troops in
what Is the most deadly sort of war;
fare. There have been hints of great
enveloping movements on the flanks
of both armies, but no such envelop
ment has developed. Perhaps th
commanders on both sides are con
tent to stand fighting toe-to-toe, each
Intent on battering the other down by
main strength and aggressiveness.
The New York Times prints a full
page cartoon showing a amine on his
way toward Central Europe. It Is
real question, how Germany Is to be
fed with Russian supplies cut off and
all her ports practically closed.
Usually Prussian harvests are reaped
by bands of laborers from Russian
Poland. This year they are other
wise employed. Who will do their
THE NEW DISPENSATION.
The following outright appeal to
re-elect Senator Chamberlain because
he is a Democrat comes from the
Medford Mail-Tribune, which belongs
to the hypocritical tribe of pseudo
independent Oregon Journals which
In 1908 supported Mr. Chamberlain
on the high ground of non-partisanship:,
The National Administration Is Demo
cratic so Is Chamberlain. Therefore, he Is
in oetter position to do things than any
member of any other party would he.
Tempora mutantur, et noa muta
minl in 11113; which being freely
translated means that a candidate in
entitled to say and do any old thing
any old time to get away with the
persimmons. It is the cardinal rule
of the Chamberlain strategy.
When Chamberlain was a candidate
for Governor, he was profoundly of
conviction that the eternal balances
could best be preserved by a Republi
can Legislature and a Democratic
When Chamberlain was & candidate
for Senator, he raised his pious eyes
to heaven in holy horror and wept
salty tears at the very suggestion of
partisanship, and was a Roosevelt
Democrat, and believed in the assem
bly, and preached also that Oregon
could best be represented In Washing
ton by one Republican Senator and
one Democratic Senator.
Our George's sole political platform
la to believe in the popular thing at
the right time. He strives to please.
THE S4O.0OO.000 ROAD NIGHTMARE.
Governor West Is now traveling
through the Willamette Valley, telling
audiences, which an enthusiastic and
not too discriminating press agent
describes as "packed," how he saved
the state hundreds of thousands of
dollars by circumventing the criminal
purposes of the wicked Legislature.
The remarks of the Governor may
be classified as Interesting if . true.
The harassed taxpayer just now, how
ever, is unable to see, when he looks
at his depleted pocketbook, where
anybody has saved him anything un
der the beneficent reign of the Ore
gon Democratic .ring.
The Governor's explanations of his
great economies are good reading as
far as they go, but they should go
farther. Let him review the history,
for example, of his philanthropic ef
fort to saddle the state with a $20,
000,000 bonded debt, for road pur
poses, and the counties with $20,000,
000 more $40,000,000 in all. That
astounding proposal gives a fair meas
ure of the Governor's ideas of sound
Since the Governor has introduced
The Oregonian into his lectures, and
has created out of his own radiant
fancy a purely apocryphal story
about a threat by this paper to with
draw its support from Mr. Withy-
combe, it might be well for the Gov
ernor to describe the part played by
The Oregonian in defeating his $40,-
00,000 road dream.
A BIIX FOR PERSONAI. RETENGE.
The Oregonian is heartily in favor
of consolidating state departments of
government wherever they overlap In
their functions or whenever economy
can be thereby secured without im
pairing necessary governmental ac
tivities. It is confident that the state
government is unnecessarily cumber
some and for that reason extravagant,
but it is not prepared to offer a defi
nite and detailed plan of reform.
Much less is it willing to countenance
the adoption of an initiative measure
which purports to seek economy, but
which is drawn without care or un
derstanding of conditions and bears
the imprint of personal pique. "
Initiative bill No. 338-339, to con
solidate the corporation and insur
ance departments of the state, has an
unsavory record. Its under-cover
promoter is H. D. Wagnon, vice-president
of a mutual fire Insurance com
pany which has been denied a permit
by the State Corporation Department
to sell $100,000 of bonds. The per
mlt was refused-on the ground that
the total liabilities of the company
were $344.28 In excess of its admitted
assets. The decision of the Corpora
tion Commissioner, according to his
statement, was followed by a direct
threat by Mr. Wagnon that he would
have a bill drafted to abolish the Cor
poration Commissioner's office. That
such was the Incentive for initiating
the measure Is charged in the nega
tive argument in the official pam
phlet. The charge has not been
In such appeals to the voters are
contained the elements that constitute
prostitution of the Initiative and legls
latlve blackmail. The inspiration for
the measure and the haphazard man
ner in which it Is drawn are suffi
cient ground for its defeat. It is
plainly apparent that the state gov
ernment Is so complex and withal so
Important that there is but one prac
tical way to accomplish needed re
forms therein. That way lies in the
path of duty of the Legislature, which
might well delegate the matter of pre
llminary investigation to a committee
of competent business men. The voter
has neither the time nor the oppor
tunity to inform himself ' on the
Vote 339 No.
Paris is still Queen of the fashions
Her reign is disturbed and threatened
with perils dire, but it is still un
broken. The Fall styles will come
from Paris this year just as they have
for the last century or two. Of course
we mean women s fashions. Men's
depend perhaps .more, upon London
thanv Paris. But happily both those
centers of sartorial beauty have thus
far escaped the ravages of Bellona and
will Issue their decrees with all the
authority they ever had.
Women's coats will be long this
Fall, skirts will be wide with side
pleats, hats will be flat and sleeves
long. Thus runs the law of the
Medes and Persians, which, we
make bold to predict, few persons
will be courageous enough to disobey
Upon the whole it is a righteous at
tire, pleasant to the eyes and morally
unimpeachable. A woman in a long
coat looks comfortable even if her
beauty is a little obscured by Its folds,
The wide skirts offer an agreeable
relaxation from the spectacle of tight
garments which reduce ambulation to
a ducklike waddle. In her best estate
woman moves about with an angelic
glide. But in the tight skirt of the
last season or two gliding has beet
out ot the question. A waddle punc
tuated with hops was all that
The side pleats which we are prom
ised may possibly be as refreshing as
the wide skirt. We suppose they are
Inserted to accommodate women of
expansive physique. In emergencies
when great and unusual exertion is
required of them they can rip out the
pleats with a hairpin and give them
selves more room to exercise In.
Freedom in dress as in manners
is to be the watchword of the coming
season. We hope to goodness there
will be no corresponding relaxation of
morals. Progress In that direction
has already gone about as far as one
could really desire.
The flat hats will be a decided
blesslnsr to men. if not to women. Or
they would be a blessing if they were
free from elevated appendages. Noth
ing is said by our informant about
nlumes. DOmoons and aigrettes, but
we suspect that they will appear in
enormous altitudes. rendering the
flatness of the hat a mere sham
A NEW TOY TOYV-N.
The town of Winchendon in Mas
sachusetts seems likely to fall heir to
the great Industry which Nuremberg
Irf Germany has practised for many
generations. Toys were the charming
product of the old German city before
the war. Now so many of its men
folk have gone to the front that the
shops have stopped work. Winchen
don has already taken up the tools
which Nuremberg was obliged to drop
for sruna and knaosacks. It is situ
ated romantically in the shadow - of
Mount Monadnock, as a city should
be which aspires to, delight the imag
inations of the little ones.
Winchendon, which has always had
a pretty knack of making toys, is now
preparing to do great things along
that line. It is enlarging its mills.
putting in new machinery and taking
on fresh bands of workmen. To meet
the urgent demand which is expected
in a few weeks the workday has been
lengthened and of course wages have
stretched a little, too. Nobody wouia
ever dream of distilling delight for
children out of the unpaid sweat of
Even without its Improvements
Winchendon cuts a very respectable
fizTire in the toy business. It manu
factures. two-thirds of the drums sold
In the United States, for one thing,
We hope they are not all played at
once in Winchendon. If they are, the
Inhabitants must experience some ter-
Hhlv Hvelv moments- vv e seem to
have heard somewhere that Winchen
don people are much afflicted with
nervous prostration. Can it De ine
drums that cause it? More soothing
the fact that Winchendon also
makes half . the musical chimes we
buy in the United States, with an
equal proportion of rocking-horses,
blackboards and dolls' trunks and
great store of tool chests and blocks
to play with.
This is a creditable presentation
By the time Winchendon has got her
new machinery in action we imagine
noor old Nuremberg will be pretty
well shorn of her laurels, and shorn
forever. We pensively rejoice to Be
lieve that many of the industries
which we Americans are forced to
undertake for ourselves on account "
the war we shall continue when it is
over for the sake of the profit there
Is In them.
THE HTMAN FACTOR IN W All-
News from all parts of the widely
extended theater of hostilities shows
how greatly the workings of the ma
chinery of war have been affected by
the purely human factor. The ten
dency in modern warfare is more
than ever to ignore the fact that
armies are made up of human beings,
in the effort to force ' men to sink
their Individuality for the sake of the
smooth working of the machine.
The nresent backward movement
of the Germans in France, call it re-
nulse or tactical withdrawal as you
nlease. Is an example of this error in
the calculations of the men who built
and moved the war machine. They
erred in assuming that the' Germans
would pass through Belgium without
resistance. They erred in apparently
assuming that they needed only to
drive back the allies by weight of
numbers, surround Paris and besiege
it. They erred most of all In pushing
forward at a pace estimated Dy an
eye-witness of the march at a mile in
thirteen minutes. Men, many of them
perhaps fresh from civil life, carrying
arms and knapsack which weigh
nearly sixty pounds, simply cannot
keep up this pace without exhaustion
The same witness states that many
became exhausted and dropped out, to
be driven back into the ranks. Men
thus treated become sullen. The army
advanced bo fast that ammunition
nnfl -nmralssarv trains could not
keep uo with it and the men were
often hungry and without 'ammunl
Uon. Exhaustion, brutality and nun
rer are a poor foundation on which
tn huild military success, and It
sneaks volumes for the courage, en
durance and patriotism or tne mer
man soldiers that they fought so well
and retired so slowly and in such
p-nnrl order from the Marne to the
The blunder of the Germans in not
keening their men well fed contrasts
with the care Napoleon always took
for his soldiers' well being. He ap
plied the rule that "an army travels
on its belly" and he always saw that
his army's belly was well filled. He
made the rounds of his camp at night
when the men were eating, looked into
the pots to see what they had lor
supper, asked If there was any com
plaint and severely punished many a
remiss or grafting commissary. He
was lnsolred by cold policy, but he
frpnted the impression among nis
soldiers that he felt a friendly solid
tude for their welfare and thus in
fused in them a devotion which stood
him in good stead on many a field of
When the allies began their ad
vance from the Marne, the human
factor aided them, while it acte
against the Germans. Operating on
short, concentric tines of communica
tion, they could keep . well supplied
with food and ammunition. The
French, who were always good win
ners, had the Inspiration of repelling
the invader. Their spirits must have
risen as high as they had sunk low
on the long, humiliating retreat of the
preceding two weeks. A British army
is always well fed. on the theory
enunciated by one of George Eliot'
women, that the way to a man's heart
Is through his stomach, and the Brit
lshers stolid character enables him
to endure defeat with more pniios
ophy than would a Frenchman, but
he doubtless fights with more ginger
The breakdown of the Austrian
army is the most striking example of
the failure of a war.macmne wnic
takes no account of the individual
could-sentiments of the men composing it.
Soldiers in the armies of the other
belligerents are fighting for their na
tion one in race, language, customs
and sympathy but Austria is not. a
atlon; it is a bundle of nations Or
fragments of nations having nothing
in common except one ruler". Only
the 10,000,000 Germans of the Aus-.
trian empire can feel an Individual
allegiance to the Emperor. Race
sympathy Is pulling the Poles,
Czechs, Ruthenlans, Roumanians,
Serbs and Croats away from Austria
to Russia and Servia. Hence we reafi
f inhabitants of Gallcia acting as
guides and spies for the Russians, and
of the people of Bosnia acclaiming
the Servian Invaders. We read ru
mors of mutiny In the Austrian army
and of soldiers who willingly surren-
er. Without loyalty or united na
tional sentiment the most carefully
built-up military machine is like a
house of cards which falls at the
touch of a finger. That the Austrian
army has fought as well as it has
must be due to the soldiers of Ger
man and Magyar race; the Slav ele
ments probably might as well have
been left at home for all the good
they have done.
Even after a liberal discount has
been taken from the Russian and
Servian reports of victory, it cannot
be denied that they have won great
successes. The Russians are moved
by the same race sentiment for
brother Slavs which drove Czar Alex
ander II to war against Turkey
against his will In 1877. Their hearts
are In the work, and the wishes of
the men second the commands of
their officers. The Servians see on
the point of realization their dreams
of the restoration of the medieval
Servian empire. They are filled with
confidence in their own Invincibility,
born of their recent victories over
the Turks and Bulgarians, and they
are heartened by the welcome of the
territory they invade,
The victories won by General von
Hintenburg in hurling back the Rus
sians from East Prussia are an ear
nest of what desperate fighting awaits
the allies if they should succeed In
invading the heart of Germany. The
same spirit which animates the
French, Belgians, Russians. British
and Servians to strive to the utmost
in hurling back the invader and for
the existence of their country will
move the Germans to spend the last
ounce of energy, for the Fatherland,
for in the words of their war-song
they place "Germany above all.1
Whether armed with sword, lance
and cross bow or aiming great can
non which carry several miles or rifles
which carry several thousand yards
at an invisible target, the spirit mov
ing the man behind the gun counts
for much. The strategist and tacti
clan mold the men In whom this spirit
dwells into an effective weapon, but
witnout it an army can win but few,
If any, victories and will dissolve
under repeated defeat
At Plattsburg the Americans won
their greatest victory in the War of
181. it was a naval battle, perhaOs
tne last ever to be fought between
Ingush-speaking -nations. The scene
of the action was Lake Champlaln:
the date, August 4, 1814. Commodore
i nomas Macdonough was the Amerl
can commander. The centennial of
Plattsburg has been celebrated with
lively ceremonies on the historic spot.
Blessings on Colonel George Pope.
tie 13 head of the National Manufac
turers Association and at the same
time has a pretty sound head of his
own. - Colonel Pope says the United
States "has not the slightest excuse
for business pessimism. Foolish fears
should cease and the country should
grasp its opportunities." Who'll be
the first to do it?
If the ordinance becomes law com
pelling the housewife to sterilize the
rags she sells to the junkman, the
next in order will be a measure mak-
lnk her boll or bake the garbage In
the interest of the health of the
President Wilson refuses to exDress
himself on the charges that dum dum
bullets were used by the Germans.
He remains dumb on the subject, so
As to Sir Lionel Carden's expulsion
from Mexico City, we are inclined to
agree with .Carranza that he was
fruitful cause of trouble.
The battle Is now only 110 miles
long. The belligerents have raveled
up 160 miles of skirmish line since
the last great fray.
John Redmond's demand Is fair.
The Irish recruits should be kept in
regimental units. Then they can
The Colorado mine operators can
now have peace, if they want it. The
element of doubt attaches to them.
When the troops are taken from
Vera Cruz, how long before they will
have to be sent back?
It is now charged that the Aus
trians used explosive bullets. And
The Russians need a few Sherl-
dans and Forrests In the sprint to
If Italy tackles Turkey she takes
from the Greek his sole chance for
Take raincoat or umbrella for
neighborly visit to the Gresham fair,
Italy has had a vision of the Jump
ing cat leaving the proverbial bag.
They get the iron cross in Germany
and the double cross In Turkey.
Francis Joseph has gone to parts
unknown to save the pieces.
Every time you eat the war costs
you a few cents extra.
The black hand appears about
descend on Turkey.
Uneasy rests the canine neck tha
wears no tax tag.
As to atrocities In war, what Is war
Dut an atrocity?
The "furrow" will be dry today at
The rain clouds are making up for
continue to enjoy
Italy will pull off something in ten
Half a Century Ago.
From The Oregonian. Sept. 19. 18C4.
A neat but exceedingly frothy pros-
ectus for a new copperhead paper to
established at the Capital of Wash
Salem- A large number of ladies oc
cupied seatB In the gallery of the House
Thursday afternoon. This is the first
time, we believe, in the history of
Oregon that the "fair sex" have favored
the Legislative Halls with their pres
Mr. Hooley, one of the soldiers at
Fort Hoskins, has a fine pet bear which
he designs donating to the Sanitary
alr. .It probably will be .gold at auc
tion. Washington No Important news
from the Army of the Potomac
Albany, N. T. Hon. Marshall Cham-
plain was elected temporary chairman
of the State Democratic Convention.
ine entrance of Fernando Wood cre
ated much comment-
Washington Grant telegraphs that
he ought to have the whole number of
men asked for by the President in the
shortest time possible. Drafting has
been ordered in several states.
It Is seldom a finer Sabbath day Is
vouchsafed to our citizens than yes
terday. After a very general attend
ance upon the various places of wor
ship, large numbers of ladies and gen
tlemen wandered away either to the
verdant elevations back of the city or
else down along the wharves, feasting
their eyes upon the superb architecture
marking many of our river boats.
The old landmarks of Portland are
passing. "Ilium fuit" seems to be writ
ten on everything that marked Port
land as It waa in the days that are
shrined In the memory of the oldest
inhabitants. The ' old building now
being torn down is at the Junction of
Oak street and was erected by F. De
Witt in 1850. and as the "City Hotel
ranked among the public houses as the
Arrigoni ' today.
Soon after the arrival of the stage
from Salem last Saturday evening the
Mechanics Brass Band members were
mustered together and marched around
the Western Hotel, where a gathering
of several hundred assembled and a
delegation of sojourners at the capital
appeared on the balcony and made brief
speeches. Rev. Thomas H. Pearne al
luded to his entering upon the contest
for the Senatorial seat and stated in
his usually pleasant manner that ha had
come out the little end of the horn.
Hon. J. H. Mitchell made brief re
marks in vindication of his course
against private reports concerning his
action on the Senatorial question.
SENATOR AFTER MILITIA VOTE.
Chamberlain's Army Admirers Seek to
Line up National Guard for Him.
EUGENE. Or.. Sept. 15. (To the Ed
itor.) It Is too bad the Mexican style
of politics isn't used here in Oregon,
Then Senator Chamberlain's political
chances would be rosy enough, for he
has gotten the Army bunch behind him
and they have opened a hot campaign
here, as elsewhere in the state where
troops of the militia are stationed.
It has been brought to my attention
forcibly that every militia orncer in
the state is on the mailing list of the
Array-Chamberlain headquarters in
Washington. "We must have more sol
diers, a bigger and stronger militia!'
Is the cry and the Senator is urged
as the one great hope of the militarists.
It would be a disaster to them to have
him retired from his post of chairman
of the military committee of the Senate,
where be is able to arrange nice soft
details for favored officers and boost
for more soldiers and more militia.
The Army political thunder called to
my attention was a marked copy of the
Army Journal mailed to local militia
men without regard to their political
affiliations and showing the Senator's
activities In behalf of a bigger Army.
This literature is added to by word of
mouth from military admirers and lieu
tenants of the Senator's who view his
proposed retirement from the Senate
as a possible blow to the Army and
militia which mustn't be allowed to go
through. They say that the idea of
paying the militia for Its services will
be long delayed. All the militiamen
don't take this bait. If I am rightly
informed, for the pay promise has long
been dangled before them to catch
their votes. Yet the Chamberlain-Army
campaign to catch the militia vote is
having its effect In the ranks.
In these parts, however, outside of a
few militarists, I fail to locate any
great demand for the Senator's return
to Washington. The farmers and
working people are particularly anx
ious for a new deal for Oregon.
E. J. C.
Hot Avar Started.
BEAVERTON, Or, Sept. 16. (To the
Editor.) Please advise me of the lm
mediate reasons Germany had for de
claring war on France la the present
struggle. Though I have read The Ore
gonian closely since the war began.
have never seen any statement in It
or any other paper of why Germany
attacked France. J. L. S,
The war between Germany and
France grew out of the fact that
France and Russia were in a defensive
alliance. The general cause of the
whole conflict was the existence in
Europe of racial, territorial and com
mercial enmities. The spark that se
the Continent aflame was the assassin
atlon of Crown Prince Frani Ferdinand
of Austria, which Austria laid at th
door of Servia. Austria served
ultimatum on Servia requiring rapara
tlon and apology and many othe
things, within 48 hours. The Servian
eply was not satisfactory to Austria
and Austria declared war. Russia in
dlcated an Intent to aid Servia be
cause of racial affiliations. In mobll
izing his forces the Czar, according to
the German version, also mobilized on
the German frontier and it is probabl
that more or less preparation for
eventualities was made by Russia be
cause of knowledge that Germany and
Austria were In alliance. This in
volved Russia and Germany and ulti
mately France, which had begun mobll
lzation, as Russia's ally. Many of the
immediate factors that would nx re
sponslblllty for the war upon one o
the other nation of the several in
volved are in dispute, among these be
lng the possibility that Austria and
Servia mignt nave adjusted tneir an
ferences had It not been for the ag
gressiveness or threatening attitude o
other powers. Tne immediate caus
of the war will be clearer to the
student who realizes that mobilization
Is but one step short of declaration
of war, unless, like in the cases of
Switzerland and Holland, It Is accom
panied by formal declaration of neu
Speed Voir Prayer.
Listen, ye World, and make reply.
Into the chaos of war draw nigh.
Up to your God who liveth on high.
Speed your, prayer.
Nations in anguish, hell broken loose,
Millions are fighting, food for our boast.
Races are waring, late is a ghost.
Speed your prajaer.
Hold back your Judgment, no Kaiser
Birthpang of freedom, autocracy's doom
Great is power, greater than men.
Speed your prayer.
, Portland, Or.
SIR. BOOTH AND ALBANY ADDRESS.
Favorable Comments Are 'TJttered by
Numerous State Newspapers.
Lake County Examiner.
Hon. R. A Booth has effectually
squelched the critics who have been
asking "Where Did You Get It?" refer
ring to his supposed great wealth. In
the first place he is by no means a
millionaire, as has so frequently been
intimated, and In the second place he
commenced life by raking hay In Doug.
las County by working for 25 cents per
day, taking chickens In lieu of cash.
From that humble beginning he con
tinued traveling the pathway of life
by teaching school, herding sheep, rid
ing the ranges of Eastern Oregon,
working In the timber and sawmills.
and. In fact, performing almost every
act of manual labor. He, with others.
Anally leased a small sawmill, and by
good business management and fore
sight Induced large capital to come to
their assistance. From that humble be
ginning he has not only in a great
measure aided and abetted the ad
vancement of the lumbering industry
in Oregon, bringing vast sums of money
here to be expended among the labor
ing classes, but has caused a very ma
terial increase in the price of timber
lands or Lake County and many other
sections of the state when the same
were in the hands of private ownera
Proves Illmselef the Man.
The reply Hon. R. A. Booth gave to
the queries of the Albany Democrat In
his big address at Albany last Friday
evening was enough to convince any
who might have had doubts that he is
the man Oregon needs in the National
Senate. He Is the man Oregon will have
ir people awaken to Oregon s lnter
esta Able, Adequate, Convincing.
In his address last night Mr. Booth
gave the detail of his rise from a poor
boy to a position of comparative afflu
ence. He spoke freely of the Govern
ment investigations that came to him
and others, and necessarily mentions
his acquittals with considerable pride.
He seems to have been fortunate in se
curing railroad grants at a time when
few considered timber land to have any
particular value. Mr. Booth's state
ment covers seven columns of news
paper space, is adequate, able and, ex
cept for the twaddle about the tariff
and Democracy, is convincing. Mr.
Booth bears an honored name in the
state. He has made money honestly.
has given much of it to good causes.
is a great factor In the industrial de
velopment of the state and the attempt
to place him at a disadvantage will
scarcely result as his questioners an
ticipated. Every Charge Answered.
Oregon City Enterprise.
Characteristic of the man. Mr. Booth
first took up the charges which have
been made against him and one by one
disposed of them. Questions which
had been asked by Democratic papers
in every part or the state were
answered; not dodged but taken up
and discussed in detail. Then the
body of the speech was an honest effort
to define the stand of an Oregonian
who has the best wishes "of the state at
heart and who is willing to sacrifice
personal ambition to serve it.
Mr. Booth's speech was clean, clear-
cut and decisive, and shows the way
In which his entire campaign will be
conducted. Perhaps opposing candi
dates can well adopt his methods.
Tactics Show Alarm.
Judging from the lndiscriminating
attacks being made upon R. A Booth
by the Democratic Dress of the state.
there is much doubt in their minds of
the invulnerability of their candidate
(or the United States Senate. A dirty,
mud-slinging campaign never is a suc
cessful one for the mudslingers, and
by their own acts they give the strong
est proof of the beginning of the end
to Democratic predominance in official
life in Oregon. Mr. Booth will be elect
ed to succeed Senator Chamberlain,
and there are none in the state who
realize it more acutely than the bunch
of mudsllnglng Democratic news
papers which are just now wasting so
much of their valuable space In an
effort to defame his character.
Clean, Convincing Address.
The Albany speech of Hon. R. A
Booth, Republican candidate for the
United States Senate, on Friday last,
was a revelation of the character of
the man and the principles actuating
him in this campaign which must for
all time commend him to the best
thought of Oregonlans. It was digni
fied, clear, explicit, convincing and
clean, and Just such an exposition as
the man weary of personal politics has
yearned for, lo these many moons.
Even where Mr. Booth took the de
fensive as against the aspersions of
his enemies he proved himself free of
the inimical spirit behind the far
fetched accusations and met them all
in such wise as to maintain the fine
attitude his candidacy warrants.
Troth In Every Word.
The Statesman believes that Mr.
Booth has made a most clear explana
tion of the matters of his career that
have been called into question by his
political enemies, and that he has told
the exact truth in every word he
uttered. He has nothing to conceal,
and nothing to be ashamed of, in his
life work among our people. If he has
been ambitious for himself and active
In his business career, he has also
been ambitious for the people of bis
state, and active In their service and
in a desire to help them In all hon
No Reason In Query,
Just why Robert A. - Booth should
have been called upon to explain how
he attained his wealth any more than
why the newspaper man who pro
pounded the question should be asked
to tell how he became possessed of his
print shop, is beyond the comprehen
sion of the Observer.
Efforts to Gull Are Defeated.
The great charges against Mr. Booth
which have so agitated the Democrats
and which have been magnified by
the Jugglers of the party In their
efforts to gull the masses of people who
are supposed to follow blindly the
great stalwarts of the party have at
last been laid before the people.
Mr. Booth owns a $65,000 interest
in the Booth-Kelly Lumber Company
which Is capitalized for $2,300,000 and
owns a 17 Vi per cent Interest in the
Oregon Land & Livestock Company,
which now owns 120.000 acres of land.
The value of Mr. Booth's holdings can
not be determined exactly, for most of
it is land which has no fixed value. At
the best Mr. Booth cannot be said to
be worth more than $500,000.
Mr. Booth has been the manager of
two great companies which have In
time owned almost 1,000.000 acres of
land and the title of less than one-tenth
of 1 per cent of this land has been
Man to Men Reply.
That reply of Mr. Booth's Is the reply
of a man to men. He tells the story
of a life of pioneer toll and of indivi
dual effort, crowned by a measure of
success. Not the success that num
bers him among the wealthy of the Na
tion, but the success that gives a com
petence for declining years and a fund
to draw upon with which to aid de
serving causes whenever they come to
Twenty-Five Years Ago.
From Th Oregonian of Sept. 17, 1SS9.
Tucson.-rT. C Stiles, now In Wash
ington Territory, where it is reported
he is a candidate for the Suprems
bench, was indicted here yesterday on
charges of embezzlement. Stiles wai
assignee of the suspended bank of Hud
son & Co.
Tacoma. General D. B. . McKlbbon,
who was once In command of Fort
Steilacoom, loft today for Portland.
Senator Dolph, of Oregon, with hii
family, has returned to Washington to
remain until Congress convenes.
Spokane Falls, W. T. Exposure in
the most disgraceful scandal in Wash
ington history was made today. Relief
funds and provisions donated for the
sufferers of the great fire here August
4 had been appropriated. Robert In
glis, an employe of the relief commit
tee, who suddenly left town, was ar
rested In Chlco, Cal.. and on being
brought back here made a statement
that a conspiracy existed among th
officials and others for appropriating
the relief supplies on a large scale.
Buck & Winston, attorneys, employed
by the relief committee to assist Prose
cutor W. C Jones, has presented a re
port implicating Councilmen Sidney D.
Waters and Peter Dueber. Police Offi
cer William Gillespie and others. A.
M. Cannon, chairman of the relief com
mittee, has Bworn out a warrant foi
the arrest of the men named.
Testerday the anniversary of Mexi
co s Independence was celebrated
throughout that country.
Xflnn..nnll. T fninV r-nllnn. 1
court today to answer to charges of
F. A. Carle, journalist, has written a
letter on Washington Territory politics
for the St. Paul Pioneer Press.
Henry W. Genet, one of the famous
Tweed Tammany ring, died In New
York September 6.
Work is progressing on the Fair
havm & Southern Railway, which Is to
complete connection between the Cana
dian Pacific line and Mexico along tha
Construction on the Marquam Grand
Opera-Houae is to be put ahead as fast
as possible, says Mr. Marquam. The
stone will come from Tenlno.
F. W. Baltes & Company, printers,
finished a reproduction of the Spokane
directory, destroyed by the recent fire,
in one week. The firm also has Just
printed a big catalogue for J. Selling
& Co., and is now printing the Oregon,
Washington and Idaho Gazateer.
Dave Campbell, the Oregon champion,
who trained Jack Dempsey and Pat
Killen, arrived home yesterday from
Captain Perry Scott's good sight is
being restored as the result of an op
eration for hard cataract by Dr. E. C.
Brown. One eye had been blind for
Miss Nellie Gilbert, of Salem, who
h"aa been visiting In California, re
Mr. and Mrs. John R. Foster leave
tomorrow for Washington.
Water for Sprinkling.
PORTLAND. Sept. 16. (To the Edi
tor.) I would like to know if the
water board has a right to charge for
what it does not give. I have paid $1
extra per month for sprinkling charges
for four months, and now cornea a fifth
hill. Considering that it rains nine
months out of the year In Portland, it
is plainly unfair that we should have
to pay five months' sprinkling charges,
especially as many of those having
meters pay nothing whatsoever over
their minimum charge during any of
the dry months. Do we have to grin
and bear this unfair charge which is
a hardship to many, or is the water
board acting unlawfully In charging
part of the property owners for what
it does not want or get?
R. S. EASTMAN,
1030 East Thirtieth Street North.
If a water consumer signs a con
tract to pay for water for sprinkling
purposes for four months he Is en
titled to use water for sprinkling when
needed In any other month without ad
ditional charge. Those who do not sign
contracts are supposed to pay sprinkling
charge each month in which they use
water for that purpose, be they more
or fewer than four months.
reatures for Sunday:
Late phases of the great war are
recorded by the camera in several
pages of graphie photographs that
carry you right to the theater of
Facing the Enemy.
A famous military painting in
colors. A page worthy of a frame.
German babies, is the answer of
one expert, who amplifies this odd
statement with a convincing and
interesting array of facts.
An illustrated page on the. tre
mendous territory controlled by the
nations now in the struggle on
A study of German tactics and
modern lighting methods. Illus
trated with photographs.
The righting Queen.
An illustrated page, elaborately
illustrated, on Louise, who opposed
Napoleon in Prussia.
Mines In War.
A description cf the destructive
devices that can blow a battleship
or a company of soldiers into
eternity in a flash. Full page, in
Austria in the Balance.
A study of the fate that appears
to confront Austria and of why
that great country is beating on
The second installment of Edna
Ferber's delightful romance.
The Bedtime Babies.
And a whole page of pictures and
stories for the children.
Many Pages of Other reatures.
Order early of your newsdealer.