Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 10, 1914)
THE 3IORNTXG OREGOXIA1V, THURSDAY, SEPTE3IBER 10, 1914.
PORTLAND, Olit'. ON.
sintered at Portland. Oregon. Postofflcs as
Subscription Rates Invariably in Advance.
Dally, Sunday included, one year
Daily. Sunday Included, six montha .
Daily, Sunday Included, three months
Daily, Sunday Included, one month
Daily, without Sunday, one year
Daily, without Sunday, six months ..
Daily, without Sunday, three months
Daily, without Sunday, one month . .
Weekly, one year ,
Sunday, one year .
Sunday and Weekly, one year
Dally, Sunday Included, one year . . .
Daily, Sunday included, one month .
How to Remit Send Postoffice money or
der, express order or personal check on your
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at
sender's risk. Give Postoffice address in Call
Including county and state.
Postage Rates 12 to 10 pages. 1 cent; 18
to as pages, 3 cents; 8 to 48 pages, 3 cents;
50 to 60 pages, 4 cents; 82 to Tti pages, 0
cents; 78 to 82 pages, cents. Foreign post
age, double rates.
Eastern Business Offices Verree tt Conk
lln. New York. Brunswick building. Chi
cago, Stenger building.
San Francisco Office B. J. Bldwell Co.,
743 Market street.
PORTLAND, THURSDAY, SEPT. 10, 1914.
TWO AMBASSADORS IN PARIS.
At the critical juncture when Paris
seemed about to be besieged, Secre
tary Bryan sent William G. Sharp to
succeed Myron T. Herrick as Ambas
sador to France. Although Mr. Sharp
has not yet taken over the office, he
remains on the ground ready to do so.
Thus the anomalous situation exists
of two ambassadors from the United
States appearing at the same time,
one ready to step into the other's
shoes, at the very time when the best
service is required from our diplomats.
Mr. Herrick has most efficiently
represented this country in Paris,
end he has risen to the occasion cre
ated by the war in a manner which
has won praise not only from his own
countrymen, but from men of other
nations. He is caring for the inter
ests of Germany and Austria as well
as of the United States. At such a
' time Mr. Bryan sends to supplant
him the new appointee, William G.
Sharp, whose diplomatic experience
consists in three years" service as a
prosecuting attorney in Ohio, twenty
years as a manufacturer of pig iron
and chemicals and three terms as a
Democratic Representative in Con
gress. Mr. Herrick is familiar with
French affairs, with the situation in
Paris and with American interests
there. Alone of the foreign diplo
mats, he has chosen to remain in that
city when the government was re
moved to Bordeaux, his purpose being
to care for the many American resi
dents who for various reasons cannot
or will not flee.
Common prudence would dictate
that the man who has the strings in
his hands should be permitted to hold
them throughout the crisis growing
out of the war and that his successor
should not even appear on the scene
during this period. But in his eager
ness to supplant Republicans with
Democrats and in his contempt for
diplomatic experience as an asset In
the public service, Mr. Bryan sends to
Paris a man with the limited qualifi
cations we have enumerated, and this
man waits to snatch the reins from
Mr. Herrick's hands.
This Is partisanship run mad, for it
sets the interest of party and reward
for party service above the interest of
the Nation and of those of its citizens
- who are In the war-riven country.
What can an Ohio pig iron manufac
turer, new to diplomacy, do in Paris,
compared with a man who has been
there for more than two years in ac
tive touch with the affairs of France?
His sole qualifications were a fortune
large enough to perform the social
duties of the office and his Democ
racy. As the New York Times says:
I It Is a pity that Mr. Sharp should be in
Paris at this time. His presence defies all
diplomatic traditions and Is bound to leaa
to confusion. But the methods of the State
Department at Washington continue to an
noy thia country and amaze others.
But Mr. Bryan's action in this case
is of a piece with his management of
the whole diplomatic service. Exper
ience and training go for nothing,
party service is everything with him.
The country's diplomatic posts are to
him simply spoils to be distributed
among the faithful.
DEVELOPING YOUNG SEEN.
A high official of one of the large
corporations has interested himself in
drawing out the latent abilities of
men who are themselves unconscious
that they possess such ability. He
ascribes unsuccessful business ca
reers to distracting or vitiated amuse
ments, premature or ill-judged mar
riages, following the line of least in
dustrial resistance and neglect of
health or education. He finds that
champion chess-players and prize
winning athletes seldom rise high in
business, because their minds or
bodies are too tired or too distracted
to Concentrate on business.
He put his ideas to the test in the
case of a starved, sullen, listless young
clerk who, he learned, was trying to
support a wife on J 10 a week. He
placed the young man in a position
requiring considerable energy and
ability, threatening discharge unless
the clerkreveloped rapidly enough to
take on increased responsibility every
six months. The young man was
given a stenographer, that he might
form the habit of dictating instead
of being dictated to. He was obliged
to buy hot, satisfying lunches instead
of cold ones carried in his pocket.
He rose so rapidly that he is now the
company's manager for an entire
state, and has Increased Its business
This goes to prove that one never
knows what is in a man until one tries
him: also that a man never knows
what is in himself until necessity
drives him to concentrate. The temp
tation of every young man is to be
come so absorbed in his diversions
that they crowd his main purpose in
life into second place. He needs to
make them contribute energy for the
performance of his life work and for
the achievement of success in his call
ing. A man who plays chess without
becoming a champion or who indulges
in athletic sports without winning
prizes is not likely to let these diver
sions push his serious business aside;
he is more likely to make them the
means of keeping him fit for his dally
The young man who has under
taken to support a wife on $10 a week
is to be pitied if his wife is of such a
character as to be a drag on him, to
make him depressed and sullen by
continual harping on his poverty. If
hU wife spurs him on to efforts to
better himself; If she Inspires self
confidence in him, cold lunches will
hardly slacken his energy. But there
is sound philosophy In the policy of
forcing responsibility on a man and
of offering him the alternative be
tween promotion and discharge. Many
a man of good ability has been held
back by meekly accepting other men's
depreciatory valuation of him, when
aggressiveness and self-confidence,
inspiring readiness to undertake
heavier tasks, would have carried him
forward. Such men need an initial
push to start them up.
The greatest hindrance to the suc
cess of young men is the prevalent
disposition to do work just well
enough to pass and no better; to "put
something over on" the boss and to
regard such conduct as smart; in
short, to work just, well enough to
hold the job. Such 8. man is a shirk,
devoid of ambition, and he will hold
his job only until his boss finds an
other man with pride enough in his
work to do the best he can at it and
with ambition to fit himself for a
better job. Such a man will take
away the shirk's job and will win pro.
motion, just as did the man we have
ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE LINE.
The Oregonian begs to assure Its
valued contemporary, the Salem Cap
ital Journal, that it was through over
sight and not intentional discourtesy,
that it did not respond to the Jour
nal's inquiries as to the reasons for
the general stagnation in Canada.
"Has the Underwood tariff law killed
British (Canadian) industry also?"
asks the Jourjial. "If the reduction
of the tariff on lumber has closed
mills on this side of the international
boundary, why have not the mills on
the British side received' a corre
War conditions have upset all in
dustry in Canada, and no fair com
parison can be made. But let us re
turn to the situation prior to the war,
under the beneficent workings of the
Underwood tariff. The trouble with
Western Canada then was over-speculation
and the reaction following the
collapse of a widespread real estate
boom. That is the whole story, and
the entire answer.
Yet we have thrown down the tar
iff bars to the principal products of
Canada lumber, shingles, grain,
flour, hogs and cattle. There has
been a large increase in importations
from Canada to the United States of
many Canadian products, and no cor
responding increase of exports from
If Canadian industry has not
thrived though there is testimony
that it has the Wilson-Underwood
act is certainly not to blame. We
have opened our markets to Canada.
Canada has maintained a rigid pro
tective tariff against the United
How can we have our cake and eat
it? How can we keep our markets,
and surrender them?
DEPRIVED OF HIS ONLY ISSUE.
Precisely when the Progressive
party of New York has abandoned all
other issues in its contest with the
Republicans and has concentrated its
fight on "Boss" Barnes, that gentle
man announces that he will not ac
cept re-election as chairman of the
Republican state committee. This
announcement, coming after Mr.
Barnes had been defeated on several
motions at the state convention, can
not be considered voluntary. In fact,
the party has cast out Barnes, just as
Colonei Roosevelt has demanded.
This action of the boss is most in
considerate, for it leaves the Colonel
without an issue. He has thrown
overboard the initiative, referendum
and recall, even the recall of deci
sions, that he might unite all "right
thinking men" in a fight on Mr.
Barnes. He indorsed Mr. Hinman for
the Republican nomination and asked
Progressives to nominate that gentle
man on their ticket. When the stal
warts of his new party objected to
any dealings with the old party, the
Colonel withdrew his indorsement and
renewed his attack on the Republican
party because Mr. Barnes, wag its boss.
Mr. Barnes has now slipped out of
the way and left the Colonel fanning
What will remain for the Colonel to
talk about? No doubt he will talk,
and his conduct of a camjaign In
which he has no issue will be a beau
tiful example of his verbal Ingenuity.
OPEN ALASKA COAL FIELDS.
Public attention has been so ab
sorbed by the war that many people
must have overlooked the important
legislation which the House has been
passing with regard to public land.
The latest of these bills provides for
the leasing of coal land in Alaska, a
law which has been urgently needed
for many years. For lack of it great
hardship has been inflicted on many
Alaskans, the development of West
ern Alaska has been stopped and
steamships running to Alaskan ports,
as well as industries on the Alaskan
coast, have been driven to buy coal
from Washington and British Colum
bia, while great coal fields He within
a few miles of the coast.
There is small prospect that this
bill will pass the Senate at the present
session, for that body's time will be
taken up with the anti-trust bill, the
emergency revenue bill and the river
and harbor bill. But the Senate
should act on this measure at the
opening of the regular session begin
ning in December, while the House
is preparing and passing the first ap
propriation bills: If the Senate should
fail to act at that session, the bill
would die with this Congress next
March and the work would have to be
done over again by the new Congress.
As that body will not meet in regular
session until December, 1914, and
would not be likely to pass much gen
eral legislation until the Spring or
Summer of the .following year, failure
of the present Congress to act would
mean nearly two years' delay.
In the interest not only of Alaska
but of Pacific Coast Commerce, it is
imperatively necessary that this delay
be avoided. Surveyors are now at
work on routes for the Government
railroad in Alaska and it is probable
that next year construction will begin.
In another year the road may be well
on the way to completion. Coal will
be needed during construction and will
be necessary in larger quantities after
completion, although there will be lit
tle traffic for the road until the mines
sire opened. It would be the height
jf absurdity for the Government to
be compelled to import coal for the
engines on this road because its own
laws forbid it to tap the supply to
develop which the road is built. It
would be equally absurd to have built
a road for that purpose, but at the
same time to impose a veto on devel
opment as existing law does. Opening
of coal mines should begin now in
order that a supply of "fuel may be
available for the railroad during and
after construction and that it may
Another reason why delay should be
avoided is the need of Pacific Coast
ships. The opening of the Panama
Canal and the expansion of commerce
with the Spanish-American countries
consequent on that event and on the
war will bring many more ships to this
coast than have heretofore visited it.
If the coal produced in Oregon and
Washington does not suffice, and if
Alaska's coal is not on the market,
these ships must buy coal in British
Columbia and make up deficiencies
with that imported from Australia or
from the Atlantic Coast. Fully devel
oped, the Alaska coal fields can supply
all needs and can sell coal to the Gov
ernment depots at Panama. A great
saving would also be made by naval
vessels on this Coast, for which coal is
now brought from the Atlantic Coast
at an exorbitant price.
The ordinary microscope has great
ly extended our knowledge of the in
visible world, but there 'are limits to
its use. Its magnifying power depends
upon the refraction of light, which
consists of waves in the ether. As
long as an object is large enough to
reflect these light waves intact the
microscope can deal with it. But par
ticles so minute that they break up
the light waves escape the magnify
ing power of lenses and other devices
must be resorted to in order to exam
The "ultramicroscope" is such a
device. It depends upon the fact that
particles too small to be seem other
wise become visible when a ray of
sunlight strikes them. Everybody
has noticed this phenomenon. Scien
tists apply the principle to observe
the blood corpuscles and other ex
tremely small objects. Its greatest
service, according to Professor Mar
cus Hartog, is "to bring into sight
such disease germs as are too minute
to be otherwise seen or even to be
arrested by the finest filters." He
mentions the tuberculosis germs as
an example of this sort.
From very early times the Turks
have been a pervasive and mobile
element in the history of Western
Asia. Their blood and language have
many close affinities with those of
the Mongol tribes and yet ethnologists
distinguish the Turks from the Mon
gols as a separate race. Their career
began on the frontiers of China,
whence they moved westward in the
darkness of tribal war and robbery
until about the year 1227, when
horde of them emerged into the light
on the banks of the Euphrates River
with Ertogruhl for their leader. Un
der this chieftain they settled not far
from Angora and there the founda
tions of the Turkish power were laid.
In the vicinity of Angora the preda
tory horde expanded into a numerous
tribe which, at the beginning of the
fourteenth century, was ready to set
out on a career of conquest. Natur
ally their first ten itories were won in
Asia Minor. They seem to have had
a genius for administration at this
early time in their history and the
lands which their military prowess
overran were brought under a Just
government which Insured their
Orkhan, who became Sultan of the
Turks in 1341, first brought them into
contact with European affairs. He
took advantage of the everlasting in
trigues at Constantinople to marry
the Greek Princess, Theodora, and his
wedding was promptly followed by
military aggression. Greece was at
that time divided into a number of
independent principalities, such as
Athens, Morea, Thessaly and so on.
The Balkan states were in much the
same situation as they are now, in
dependent of one another and perpet
ually at war. In 1359 Murad I
pushed the Turkish arms into Europe
as far as Adrianople. Before his
death he laid siege to Constantinople
and would no doubt have captured
that last relic of the ancient Roman
Empire had it not been for the irrup
tion of Tamerlane.
This barbarian chieftain, who was
himself of Turkish stock, defeated the
true Turks in a great battle near
Angora lnthe year 1402 and for the
time utterly destroyed their power.
But their recuperation from ruin was
remarkably swift. Thirty years after
ward they were on the warpath again
with battalions as numerous as ever.
Hungary was invaded and plundered.
Most of the principalities now includ
ed in the Austrian empire were over
run and Constantinople taken. This
notable historic event occurred in
1453. It marks the dividing point be
tween medieval and modern history.
With the fall of Constantinople the
power of the Turks culminated and
thenceforth it began to decline. Their
empire In 1453 stretched from the
present frontiers of Germany to the
heart of Asia. They had a fleet ca
pable of meeting the Venetians on the
sea and their armies threatened to
destroy the last vestiges of Christian
ity in Europe. Since then their de
cay has been, upon the whole, con
tinuous. The vast empire has gradu
ally contracted until nothing is left to
them in Europe except a narrow strip
around Constantinople. Of their mil
itary genius not much is left except a
dauntless physical courage which
they share with the bulldog and the
ferret. They still make good food for
powder, but they produce no great
commanders. The ability to govern
well and honestly which they pos
sessed at the beginning of their ex
pansion has been lost. Up o the year
1908 the Turkish empire was prob
ably the worst administered of any
country in the world. The Turks re
sided among their subject peoples
like a military garrison in a hostile
land. Plunder was the rule. Justice
was only obtained by bribery. A great
many different peoples dwelt under
their dominion, but there was no co
hesion amongst them. The empire is
described as a mere "Juxtaposition"
of various races hostile to one another
and dissatisfied wtih the government.
The revolution of 1908 bettered
conditions somewhat. The Sultan be
came a constitutional ruler with a
Cabinet dependent, in the British
manner, upon a majority in Parlia
ment. All Turkish subjects secured
equal religious and political rights
and reform became the watchword
of the hour. What might have re
sulted from these stirring changes
nobody can say, for the war with the
Balkan states disconcerted the plans
of the reformers and deprived Euro
pean Turkey of a large part of its
But the empire retains its Asiatic
possession and Ws still a considerable
military power. In 1904 its army
numbered almost 1,800,000 men with
198 batteries of field artillery and
other adequate equipment. The navy
is neglible, but the addition of a land
force of this magnitude to the Ger
man side in the present war might
make a great difference in the issue.
Turkish affiliations, once strongly
British, are now directed toward Ger
many. Most of the strategic railroads
of the empire have been built under
German supervision and are managed
by German engineers. The artillery
is supplied with Krupp guns and the
soldiers have been disciplined in Ger
man tactics. It is easy therefore to
understand why the Kaiser reckons so
confidently upon the good will of the
Turks. England lost favor with them
when she abandoned their country to
the aggression of Russia and what she
lost the Kaiser gained. As successor
to the Prophet the Sultan may even
proclaim a "holy war" for the benefit
of his German friend and thus in
volve all the Mohammedan peoples in
The Christian Science Monitor
urges political committees to put
voung speakers on the stump this
Fall. It believes their enthusiasm
and energy would perhaps be as at
tractive to the crowds as the staid
dignity of the time-honored old war
horses. The party that enlists the
young is the party of the future. They
may bring in new and startling ideas,
but we should not expect that to in
jure any of the present parties. A
few ideas would not harm any of
Somebody will write a. book before
long on "The Housewife as a Busi
ness Manager." Some of our extrava
gant living cost is due to her failures
in management. Does she lay in a
stock when provisions are cheap?
Sometimes, but not often. As a rule
she pays no attention to the market,
but buys the same quantity day after
day. This is well enough for perish
able food, but for many articles it is
The MacDowell festival at Peter
boro, N. H., was a pleasant occasion
for everybody. It brought together
artists from all parts of the country.
The pageant was performed in the
woods. One of the 'musical numbers
was W. H. Humlston's "Southern
Fantasy," which works in a theme
from Stephen Foster's "Angelina Ba
ker." Humiston was one of MacDow
ell's pupils and his work has great
The Czar announces that he "will
spend his last moujik" rather than let
Berlin escape capture. The "moujik"
are the Russian peasants. They are
o completely the Czar's property
that he can "spend" them as he likes,
just as he does his money. There is a
day coming when the Russian mou-
jiks will have a voice in deciding their
own destiny. This war may bring it
The time-honored use of corn was
to make whisky. Theoretically, If not
practically, Kansas knows nothing of
whisky, and yet her corn crop is a
wonder this year. The stalks in many
a field average sixteen feet, with ears
close to the top. What can be done
with it in a teetotal community? Per
haps the pigs and cattle will eat it.
They are said to devour" corn when
they are hard pinched by hunger.
Henry Drummond once wrote a
description of a "Christian city," tell
ing what it would be like and what it
would do. Of course there is no such
city in the world. Much less is there
any Christian country. Drummond
said that one truly Christian city
"would seal the redemption of the
world." What might not a truly
Christian nation do?
Ambassador Herrick's suggestion
that historic buildings and works of
art be exempt from attack seems
hardly practical. A besieging army
could not always aim carefully
enough not to hit such buildings, and
the besieged might take advantage of
immunity to house soldiers and war
munitions in them.
Ghent's prudent surrender to the
Germans contrasts with its defiance of
the Counts of Flanders, the Dukes of
Burgundy arid the Emperor Charles
V in the middle ages. In those days
no power was too great for Ghent to
Better register today and not wait
for the last lap. This advice is to
Republicans. The other fellows never
take chances with an Oregon election
The bitterness of the conflict is be
trayed by the French refusal of an
armistice to allow the Germans to
bury their dead.
If those Russian troops have gone
to France, what are they doing? The
censor should not keep us in such
The recent outbreak of murderous
attacks in Portland may be the result
of mental telepathy emanating from
The German war chest must be get
ting low, to necessitate a loan of
$250,000,000. Then follows the query:
Carranza and Villa have finally
agreed to agree. Which arrangement
will bind until they again agree to
It would be somewhat difficult for
the Almighty to answer all the pray
ers that are being lifted up by whole
In contemplating a suit for a third
of a million for breach of promise,
one must consider that lawyers must
The Jap will have none of a possi
ble peace pact. He wants to show
the honorable enemy he is a fighter.
What to do with prisoners cap
tured in 40,000 batches must be a
problem for hemmed-in Germany.
Capacity of adding machines will
need to be enlarged when the war is
over to compute the casualties.
In "pressing back" the Germans the
allies push so hard they leave 40,000
prisoners the next day.
We only regret that the plan to in
crease Income tax levies doesn't serve
to worry us.
Large quantities of oats are wanted
for the United States Army. Wild va
Nicholas may not eat his Christmas
dinner In Berlin. It depends on the
Bulletin: The Austrians are being
rushed by the Russians under General
Austria bids fair to
goat, and rightfully so.
The Beavers would do well to watch
the California allies.
Back to Germany.
BLOWING HOT AND BLOWING COLD
What la Chamberlain Commended for,
PORTLAND, Sept. 9. (To the Edi
tor.) A Washington dispatch dated
August 29 announced that the Port
land Jackson Club has sent a. com
munication to Senator Chamberlain,
urging him to return to Oregon and
prosecute his campaign here, telling
him he owed It as a duty to the Dem
ocratic party, although adding "it is
true, perhaps, that Oregon needs you
In Washington to keep up the fight
for the rivers and harbors bill." Read
ing this, one naturally wonders what
uae the Democratic party here In
Oregon has for "Non-Partisan George."
On September 5 the Journal reported
that tiis precious band of Democratic
patriots known as the Jackson Club
had the hlght before passed the follow
Whereas. Senator Chamberlain has written
this club saying: that he deems it much
more important that he remain at his post
and assist in carrying out the policies of
the president that 'be be re-elected; there
fore, be it
Resolved. That we commend Senator
Chamberlain for his patriotic action, for the
crc.it service he haa rendered the state, the
nation and for the splendid assistance ho
has been to President Wilson in bringing
the Government back to the people; be it
Resolved. That because of his long ab
sence from the state, during which nis
campaign is necessarily neglected, that Hls
the duty of all good citizens, regardless oi
party, to repay him by re-election, and that
we pledge ourselves to work aggressively
and unceasingly to carry on for him the
campaign in which ho Is prevented from
engaging; while at his post of duty In the
What is the real position of this Dem
ocratic aggregation of officeholders
and office seekers? Do they want
Chamberlain to come home, or do they
want him to stay In Washington? Do
the interests of the country demand
that he return or that he stay In
Washington and earn the salary of
$7500 and mileage and clerk hire that
taxpayers are paying him? Did he ever
earn more than that at home? Isn't
It a fact that he would lose more
votes by leaving his "post of duty"
than by staying? Why does the Jack
son Club not alternately advise con
gressman Hawley and Slnnott to stay
Washington and to come home:
Why does it not commend them for
"sitting on the Job," as any honest
man drawing a $7600 salary ought to
feel he is bound to do?
Messrs. Slnnott and Hawley are not
writing letters, as Senator Chamber
lain Is, and having them published for
campaign purposes, lauding themselves
to the skies for doing what every die
tate of honesty and common decency
compels them -to do. They are not
advertising the fact that they are at
work in Washington earning their
pay. And they are not sending out
here asking any Republican clubs to
pass flamboyant resolutions because
they are remaining at their "post of
duty." Why shouldn't they remain
there, and how long would any private
employer keep any employe who did
n&t remain at "his post of duty?" This
illustrates the Democratic conception
of what an office holder and an office
seeker owes to the public that employs
him. Senator Cl.amberlair's letters and
the Jackson Club resolutions Indicate
that they regard remaining at one's
"post of duty" as a most marvelous
display of patriotism and self-abnegation.
And if Senator Chamberlain has such
great Influence as is advertised, why
is he making no headway with the
rivers and harbors bill? Is it not for
the reason that President Wilson and
the Democratic Congress do not want
the rivers and harbors bill passed?
Will they allow it to pass except under
the greatest pressure? It calls for an
appropriation of many millions, and
the Democratic party, owing to its
bungling management of our fiscal
affairs, hasn't the money on hand. In
spite of the fact that on June i,
I two months before the European war.
only eight months after the passage
of the tariff bill, the balance of trade
was over $200,000,000 against us. and
in spite of the fact that our foreign
Importations have greatly Increased.. at
the expense of our home producers, the
cut in the tariff rates is so heavy
that our revenue Is much less than it
was before. It looks very much as if
the Democratic party was giving Sen-
tnr Rurton and Borah every encour
agement to play the part of "goats"
whiT it onarates m me DacKsiuuuu
If the river and harbor appropriation
Is allowed to "get by" the war tax of
$100,000,000 Is ltkely to prove insuiii
clent. Hence the delay. INQUIRER.
WOMAN'S TREATMENT OF WOMEN.
Inhumanity Shown la Reflected In
Character of Men.
PORTLAND. Sept. 4. (To the Edi
tor.) I read with interest the letter of
a woman of forty who finds no good
men in the world, while at 20 she
thought them all good. I am inclined
to think she Is more than half right,
but that women are to blame for it.
The Bible says that thistles do not
grow on fig trees. When I have talked
to a man ten minutes I can see his
From infancy man is witness to wo
man's inhumanity to woman. He early
learns that women are envious, jealous
and suspicious of each other. This
gives him a poor opinion of women in
general. His mother and his mother's
friends discuss, not books, religion,
politics, or history, but styles, prices
and other women. This is true more
often of the educated than the unedu
cated. No wonder a young man starts
out Jn life with contempt for woman.
She is his prey, his enemy, whom he
sometimes under-estimates, and there's
the rub. He falls before the first wo
man who resists him. That is why
some women have such daughters-in-law.
She who lives by the aword reaps
The daughter's training is very dif
ferent. She hears nothing of man's
ugly side and is taught to "be nice" to
all men, especially to those of approved
position. She hears men spoken of al
most always In praise or in sympathy.
If a man succeeds It's in spite of his
wife and if he fails it Is on account of
his wife. It Is always, "I don't see
how he could ever have married such
a woman!" "She Is a frump," or "she
has a mole on her cheek." "She was
lucky to get married at all."
Mothers unconsciously train their
sons to play foul with women, but they
give their daughters no complementary
training. It is a one-sided fight where
there need be no antagnoism. A man
needs a good wife Just as much as a
woman needs a good husband. Strind
berg draws a picture often true of
man and woman tearing each other to
pieces. This will continue as long as
selfishness is taught, as long as
"marrying well" means what it does
I heard only yesterday a woman
say, in speaking of a prominent young
man, "What a pity he did not marry
well!" The wife under discussion hap
pens to be a woman of unusual charm,
handsome, a bright, witty conversa
tionalist, well-informed, a good house
keeper, and delightful hostess, and I
know her conduct both before and
after marriage to have been above sus
picion. The reason this man has not
married "well" is because his wife had
for a short time earned her own living.
The miserable snob who made the re
mark could not support herself a week,
yet she is a power in society. Nor
could she discuss any subject interest
ingly. She could not even with unlim
ited money dress herself tastefully.
MISS M. J. B.
London's Proposed Postal Tube.
London Daily Mall.
London's proposed postal tube is to
be nine feet in diameter and six and
a half miles long. It is to be fitted
for two tracks, each two feet wide.
MrMcr tbal iriifV"! nnernreri hv
motors. The line proposed will be I
constructed throughout in the London I
Life's Sunny Side
When she returned from her long
stay at a resort hotel, aha received
him with an icy demeanor.
"I'm going to give you baok our en
gagement ring," she said. "I love an
other." "Will you give me hla name and ad
dress?" he inquired, as he took the
"His address!" she exclaimed In sur
prise. "What are you going to do?
"No, indeed." was the reply. "I want
to sell him this ring." Llpplncott's
In the happy past John Henry was
madly In love with Gladys -May. but
there came one of those silly little
quarrels and the fair one told the
youth to leave h r papa's porch.
John Henry did so. Moreover, he kept
on going, and It was something like
ten years before he returned to the
native haunts he knew so well.
At a ball one night he met the beau
teous Gladys May, married now. and It
was with matronly condescension that
she elected to look upon him.
"After ten long years we meet again.
Gladys," said John Henry, eagerly step
ping forward to take 1 r hand. "I trust
that you still remember me."
"Let me see," mused the fair Gladys
May, with an Indifferent expression
"Was It you or your brother who used
to be an old sweetheart of mine?"
"Really. I don't know." came back
the cruel response of John Henry
"Probably It was my father." Pitts
The Diner Guess I'll order of that
lamb stew. I see the proprietor eating
it, so it must be good.
The Walter Keep away from It. He'a
a tightwad and eats only what ha
can't sell. Chicago News.
Among those visiting an art exhlbl
tlon held hecently In San Antonio waa
an old German, who wandered about
looking at the paintings with Interest.
Finally he stopped before a portrait
which showed a man sitting In a high-
backed chair. Tacked to the frame was
a small white placard reading: "A por
trait of J. F. Jones, by himself."
Tlje aged Teuton read the card and
then chuckled sarcastically:
"Vot fools Is dese art beoples," he
muttered. "Anybody dot looks at dot
picture vould know dot Jones la by
himself. Nobody else Is In der picture."
Dallas (Tex.) News.
An announcement in a provincial
Journal ran: "The lecture on 'How to
Be Always Healthy,' announced for thli
evening, cannot be delivered owing to
the fact that the lecturer if confined
to his bed with a severe attack of
a . a
Mrs. Nextdoor I suppose
daughter Is happily married?
Mrs. Nagsby Indeed she 1. Why,
her husband is actually afraid to open
his mouth In her presence. Princeton
"Going to the theater again? Why,
you saw tnat piece oniy ins otner
'Yes; but not in my new frock.
"Won't you please help a poor crip
"You look healthy enough; how are
"Financially, kind sir." Philadelphia
Irish Barrister (addressing the
Bench): "Your honor, I shall first
absolutely prove to the jury that the
prisoner could not have committed the
crime with which he la charged. If
that does not convince the Jury. I shall
show that he was Insane when he com
mitted It If that falls, I shall prove
an alibi." Tlt-Blts.
A reporer on a Kansas City paper
was among those on a relief train that
was being rushed to the scene of a
railway wreck in Missouri. About the
first victim the Kansas City reporter
saw was a man sitting in the road with
his back to a fence. He had a black
eye, hla face was somewhat scratched,
and his clothes were badly torn but he
was entirely calm.
The reporter Jumped to the aide of
the man against the fence. "How
many hurt?" he asked of the prostrate
"Haven't heard of anybody being
hurt," said the battered person.
"What was the cause of the wreckT
"Wreck? Haven't heard of any
"You haven't heard of any wreck?
Who are vou. anyhow?
"Well, young man, I don't know that
that's any of your business, but I am
the claim-agent of this road." Harper's
Hnaaors of Law.
We laugh at old Wouter Van Twlller
Whoso mode of deciding a case
Was to go by the looks and the weight
of the book
Which the lawyers brought Into hla
We jest at hla manner of Judging
Because it is queer In our eyes.
And the erudite way of our Jurists
Shows up aa decidedly wise.
For now they determine on Justice
By means that are noble to see
By a comma misplaced in a proofread
Or failure of crossing a "t."
And having thus climbed to perfection,
To Justice sans error of flaw,
Our laughter rings shriller at Wouter
And his way of deciding the law.
Haven't taeted 'em since way
Back there in a younger day.
When they used to be the thing
For the dessert of the King .
In that fairy town of boy
Where folks live on dreams and Joy.
Frozen custard with 'em, too
Ah, that taste again of dew
On a'Summer hill, and foam
Of the wild flowers by the blue
Garden borders of Old Home
Calling out of dreams to you!
Weren't they delicate and light.
Some so golden, some so white;
Made like sponge-cake, so they said.
With a proud-like toss of head.
Just as much as If to say
"Don't you wish yours got that way?"
Haven't tasted 'em? Why, sho't
Hasn't been a minute ago.
Since I did it, and Just then
In the dream It came again,
All that flavor and that flower
Of the old time'e potent power.
Tasted 'em and In 'em still
Such a lightness, such a skill .
Such a dainty grace to make
Mornings turn Into'a cake.
Shaped like ladies' fingera when
They held 'em up to Hps of men!
Twenty-Five Year Ago
FYom The Oregonian of September 9, last
Parte Thomas A. Edison spoke at
the American exhibit of the Expos I
tlon, saying: "I can t say It la at at
a creditable show."
London. A dispatch from lioni
Bays: Tha Pope has abandoned th
Idea of leaving Rome, the Germar
government hcving mediated In hli
behalf and assured him In the event oi
war Italy would strictly respect hli
Fargo. N. D. Oswal Redden, whe
for several weeks has been usherec
Into society as the younger son ol
tha Duke of Durham and kin of othel
English nobility, has been apprehend
ed and held by Inspector Mitchell, ol
the London police, on a charge ol
forgery. Redden first registered
Robert Morris and announced he wai
making a world tour because of fam
11 V trouble. He lived high, showtni
letters from Cornellua Vanderbllt.
Rockaway Beach. N T A tidal
wave swept over 2000 to S000 person!
along the beach today. It came with
The KIllen-McAullffe boxing con
teat at San Kranclsro will be a sport
ing event of this week. It will occur
Wednesday night. September 11. al
Golden Gate Athletic Club. McAullffs
will fight at 1M. or 3 pounds last
than when ha mat Peter Jackson.
Boston loads the National Leagus
with .138. New York Is neat with .021
Washington Is last with .$$.
K Lewlston has returned from a
visit to Norway,
The announcement that The Wasl
Shore would be ronverted Into a hand
some pictorial journal by L Samuel
has brought him a host of unsolicited
subscribers Such a publication will he
an elegant novelty for the Paclfle and
Portland Is fortunate la fortunate In
being the seat of publication.
The Hawthorne-avenue motor line
waa opened for service yesterday.
Tha Hcppner Gasatta saya Peter
Schmidt, herder for Mrs. Kllkup, If
missing and ho is auppostd to be lost
Id the mountains.
The stone work on the First Pres
byterian Church, Tenth and Alder, la
Eddie Hall, age 2, was tha lion of the
hour yesterday. He made a balloon
ascension by accident, having become
entangled In the ropes of Professor
Kcdmond's balloon. He was aiort
seven minutes, landing In City Park.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of Sept. 10, 1H64.
Captain Brooks of the bark Cam
bridge has snt a letter which the Ore
gonian published Indicating there Is a
prospect of reciprocal trade Petween
Portland and the Sandwich lslanda.
The Golden Age clalma that with
proper care much of the land In Idaho
would yield good crops.
The President of the United Statea
recommends tomorrow, Sunday, Sep
tember 11, aa a day of National
Syracuse. A dlBpatch from General
Dlx says he positively declines to be
candidate for Governor.
Lancaster, Pa. At a meeting of the
Union State Convention today Thsd.
Stevens was renominated for Congress.
Tha Confederate organs state the
following as the terms upon which they
111 lay down their arms:
1 The war debt of both partlea be
paid by the United Statea.
2 The Calhoun doctrine of statea
rights be fully recognised In recon
structing tha Union.
3 An amendment to the Constitution
which shall render any future Interfer
ence with slavery Impossible.
Last evening was tha occasion of a
benefit for Miss Julia Morgan at the
A force of convicts is at work grad-
ig Fourth street.
The following are passengers on Cal
ifornia coachea today: Robert Caldwell.
Samuel Ramston, D. M. Field. John
Robertson, W. Riley, IL B. Luce, Miss
Belabaw, A. M. Ballard, L Lane. M. C
Stewart, J. Thrlmble. J. D. Jordan, W.
H. Watklns, and H. Smith.
The new M. E. Church edifice near
Rev. Clinton Kelly'a, east of Portland,
will be dedicated tomorrow. Rev. H, C.
Benson will preach.
CLOSING WATER OFFICE OPI'OSKI)
Objection to Shutting Ilisi Branch
Nat Withdrawn, Saya Mr. Murphy.
PORTLAND, Sept. . (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian last Satur
day, under the heading of "Water Of
fice Wanted," the statement waa made
that tha Alblna Business Men's Asso
ciation had withdrawn Ita objection to
tha closing of the water office on
Rusaell atreet. This Is Incorrect. Not
only are the members of the associa
tion oppoaed to the closing, aa a unit,
but tha great majority of the real
dents of the district are of tha opinion
of the association.
The Alblna Association takea the
same stand as the East Side Business
Men's Club, and this stand Is taken by
both organisations only after a close
studv of the altuatlon.
The Alblna water office received for
water ratea In June $4StS.3i, July
$44.65. August $4093.46; tha Central
Bast Side office about $11,000 for tha
same period, about $12,000 for both
offices, allowing tha large number of
realdents that use tbeae offlcaa.
The Alblna Aasoclatlon doaa not look
at this matter from tha hu-lness aide
only but also from tha aide of effi
ciency, aa to the greatest economic
good for tha district. The small
amount saved from so-called economy
la more than overbalanced by the cost
of car fare and the general dissatisfac
tion by the decision to close the l ast
A public meeting of the East Side
districts should be held to consider this
T. J. MURPHT.
President Alblna Men's Aasoclatlon.
The news Item to which Mr. Murphy
refers was printed on the authority of
M. H. Calef. secretary of the Alblna
Buslneaa Men's Association.
Never before has the separata
blouse been more popular than this
That la because of tba fart that
the tailored suit Is, aa usual, tha
smartest thing for this season of
the year. ,
Blouaea of chiffon, crepe de china,
taffeta, soft batiste and organdie
hand-embroidered and hemsltched.
In whites, delicate pinks, soft yel
lows, the mora flagrant terra-cottaa,
and In the Inexpressibly lovely flesh
tints, will be worn to the exclusion
of tha one-piece gown, ao fashion
able during tha Summer.
In the advertising columna of The
Oregonian will be announced dally
the display of these beautiful blousaa
In the best shops In town.
Read them carefully each day,
and keep Informed of tha vagariaa