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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 10, 1914)
VOL. LIV.-XO. 16,785. PORTLAND, OREGON. THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 10, l"4- " !K'rE "VE CEXT
GERMAN FORGES IN
Ostend Reports 60,000
Men on Move.
MAUBEUGE FORTRESS TAKEN
40,000 Prisoners1 Including
Four Generals, Captured.
FIERCE FIGHTING RAGING
Battle Line Covers Wide Territory,
j Carnage Being Especially Severe
y , Along Rivera Ourcq and
Harne, Reports Say.
LONDON, Sept. 9. German reinforce
ments estimated at 80,000 men are ad
vancing Into France In three columns,
according to an Ostend dispatch to the
Reuter Telegram Company.
It is said that an entire German
army corps seems to be marching to
the south, passing between Oudenarde,
Hast Flanders and Grammont. It is
probably Intended to reinforce the Ger
man right wing.
The French fortress of Maubeuge, on
the Sambre River, near the Belgian
frontier, has fallen, the Germans taking
40,000 prisoners, including four Gen
erals, and seizing 400 guns.
According to a dispatch from Bor
deaux, the French war office issued
the following statement tonight:
"On the left wing all the German at
tempts to break the French lines on
the right bank of the Ourcq River have
failed. We have taken two standards.
"The British army has crossed the
Maine and the enemy has fallen back
about 40 kilometers (.25 miles).
"On the center and right wing there
is no notable change."
The official summary of the situa
tion issued from army headquarters at
Paris in the course of the afternoon
"First On the left wins, although
the Germans have been reinforced, the
situation remains satisfactory. The
enemy is retreating before the British
"Second At the center our advance
Is slow but general. On the right wing
there has been no action of the enemy
against the great circle of Nancy. In
the Vosges and in Alsace the situation
Between the lines of the official an
nouncement can be read the fact that
fighting of the fiercest kind progresses
and that the battle lines cover a wide
BERLIN, Sept 9 (by wireless to the
Associated Press, by way of Sayvllle.
L. L) Official announcement was
made today at army headquarters that
the French fortress of ALaubege, on the
6smbr River, had fallen. The Ger
mans took 40,000 prisoners. Including
four Generals. Four hundred guns
also were captured.
RAILWAYS HOW LEFT FREE
Fall of Maubeuge Held in Berlin to
WASHINGTON, Sept. 9. The Ger
man Embassy received a wireless today
from Berlin, saying:
"General headquarters reports that
Maubeuge has fallen; 400 guns, four
Generals and 40,000 prisoners cap
tured." The embassy received another mes
"The Spanish Ambassador in Berlin
strongly denies rumors of Spain's un
friendly attitude against Germany and
Austria, all Spanish party leaders be
ing for strict neutrality. All the pa
pers speak of the importance of the
capture of Maubeuge.
"The German military railway lines
arc now free. The papers also speak
of the 40,000 captured, that meaning
the weakening of the enemy.
"At Strassburg, after a court-martial
session, the official statement was
" 'The French authorities two months
before mobilization organized franc
tireur iBnipers) bands by distributing
anus to civilians.' "
Maubeuge is a French fortress of the
first class. it is situated in the De
partment Du Nord, about six miles
truan the Belgian frontier.
1 lie German onslaughts on this posi
tion have been determined and, judg
ing from incomplete news reports, they
nave been going on for a week or
more Dispatches from London, under
dale of September 5, said that part of
the British expeditionary force In
France was at Maubeuge and assisted
the French garrison in Us defense.
The German General Stuff announced
In Berlin, September 6, that two of the
Maubeuge forts had fallen and that the
tire of the German artillery was on
that date being directed against the
town, which was in flames. On the
same day an official communication
given out in Paris said that Maubeuge
continued its resistance.
A French official announcement, un
der date of September 7, referred to
the French defense of Maubeuge as
"The Minister nf War has tele
graphed to the Governor of Maubeuge
expressing the government's admira
tion tor the heroic defense and say
ing: 1 "You stop at nothing to prolong re-
Concluded on Page .)
, . . T
mvnnv -n. 10. 4:55 A. M. Tele
graphing from Petrograd the Morning
Post's correspondent says:
"The Russian armies are moving for
ward, driving the Germans before them
on the western bank of the Vistula
River. The retiring Germans have
Cracow behind them on which to rally."
COPEXHAGE.X, via London, Sept. 10.
WilUam Gaedeke, the German Consul
at Abo, Finland, is reported to have
been shot as a spy by the Russian au
thorities. ROME, Sept. 9, 0:10 P. M via Paris,
Sept. 10, 6i4 A. M. Prince Mohammed
Burham-Kddia Effendi, the fourth and
favorite son of Abdul Humid. Turkey's
demised Sultan, is to be proclaimed
Prince of Albania under the sovereignty
of Turkey, according to the Glornale
This violation of the decision of the
conference of London, says this news
paper, may induce Italy to intervene.
Ships and troops, it says, are kept in
readiaess for any eventuality.
LONDON, Sept. 9. Telegraphing
from Geneva, Switzerland, n cor
respondent of the Central News says
that information has reached him from
Lugano, near the Itnllan frontier, to
the effect that nil Italian belonging
to the 1S82 and classes of re
servists have been forbidden to leave
PARIS, Sept. 9. A Havas Agency dis
patch from Home says: News has
reached here that the Montenegrin
troops commanded try General Vucotich
have occupied important points in
Bosnia south , of Sarnyevo, the capital.
The situation In North Albania con
NEW YORK, Sept. 9. The North
German Lloyd steamer Brandenburg
eluded nil British warships on her way
across the Atlantic from Philadelphia,
from which port she left August 23,
arriving last night at Drontheln, Nor
way, according to a cablegram re
ceived here todny by the North Ger
mnn Lloyd Steamship Company.
LONDON, Sept. 9 In a dispatch
from Copenhagen a correspondent of
the Central News says that General
Manleuffel, the German mllltnry com
mander at Louvaln, Belgium, has made
an official report. In which he asserts
that investigation has shown that it
was Belgian soldiers who had on civi
lians attire over their uniforms who
flred on German soldiers from house
tops of the city.
LONDON, Sept. !. A Reuter dispatch
from Ostend says a coouncil of defense
has been formed under the presidency
of King Albert. Its members are
Lleutenant-General SelHers de Moran
ville, .Inspector-general of the Civic
Guard: Lleutenant-General Gillette,
commander in Flanders) Major-Genesal
Blhalnl, Colonel Weilmans, chief of the
military cabinet, and Captain Glllet.
PETROGRAD, Sept. 9. War material
sent by Germany to Turkey still re
mains in Bulgarian territory. Greek re
servists, sabjects of Turkey residing In
Crimea, have refused to return to Tur
key. BORDEAUX, Sept. 9. President Poln
eare has signed a decree calling all
Frenchmen previously exempt from
military service on the ground of de
fective health to undergo a further
medical examination. Those found fit
will at once be drafted Into the nrmy.
BERLIN, Sept. 9, via London. Dis
patches to the Cologne Gazette from
Bucharest report there is a strong sen
timent in favor of Russia through Ron
mania. The dispatches suggest that
the popular sentiment is so strong it
is likely to force the government to
act. Roumanln has 200,000 troops ready
BERLIN (-by wireless to Associated
Press, by way of Sayvllle, L. I.), Sept.
. Prince Frederick William of UeSse
has been wounded. Dr. Ludwlg Frank,
of Mannheim, a prominent Socialist
member of the Reichstag, was killed
September 3 In a charge against the
French at Luneville.
LONDON, Sept. 9. The official press
bureau Issued the following announce
ment tonight: "The merchant cruiser
Oceanic of the AVhite Star Line was
wrecked yesterday near the North
Coast of Scotland and has become a
total loss. All the officers and crew
LONDON, Sept. 9. An Ostend dis
patch to the Reuter Telegram Company
says the German troops which were
waitiag in East Flanders to receive the
levy demanded from Ghent were ur
gently ordered this morning to proceed
to France. They Immediately took the
road for Lille or Valenciennes.
PARIS, Sept. 10, via London, 5:50 A.
M. The Temps publishes a dispatch
from Nancy stating that It is rumored
there that the Germans evacuated
Luneville, 15 miles southeast of Nancy,
on September 6.
Commenting on this dispatch, the
Temps says that what seems certain Is
that the Germans had to abandon the
heights surrounding Luneville.
AUSTRIA EXPECTED TO QUIT
Move for Peace Believed XecesSary
by Internal Strife
LONDON. Sept. 10. 6:20 A. M. A dis
patch to the Chronicle from Petrograd
"In Russian and foreign diplomatic
circles it is believed that Austria will
sue for peace within a fortnight as the
only means of avoiding a complete
break-up of the empire, owing to rapid
ly growing internal troubles."'
ROME, Sept. 9, via Paris. Sept. 10,
6:57 A. M. The newspaper Giornale
d'ltalia in remarking that the Anglo
French fleet In the Adriatic never dis
played energetic action, advances the
supposition that England and France,
whose relations with Austria are tra
ditionally friendly, are purposely spar
ing the Hapsburg monarchy with the
Idea of Inducing her to come to terms
separately from Germany.
DESIRE FOR PEACE
O'Laughlin Says Both
Sides Are Willing.
BRITISH TERMS OUTLINED
Sir Edward Grey Insists on
BELGIUM MUST BE PAID
Reply to German Intimations. Made
Through Oscar Straus, Leads to
Belief Britain Earnestly De
sires to End "War.
BY JOHN CALLAX O'LAUGHLIN.
WASHINGTON", Sept. 9. (Special.)
Two developments of the highest Im
portance in connection with prelimin
ary peace negotiations which have been
in progress here since Sunday took
place here today.
First President Wilson received a
communication direct from the Emper
or of Germany protesting against the
use by the allies of practices contrary
to the laws of war, deploring the shed
ding of blood and the destruction of
property through a war brought on the
German Empire and intimating a de
sire for peace.
Grey Wants "Lasiinu Peace."
Second Sir Edward Grey, Minister
for Foreign Affairs of Great Britain,
sent a reply to the informal peace over
tures made Monday on behalf of the
German Ambassador to the United
States, through Oscar Straus, of New
York, and Secretary of State Bryan, to
the representatives here of the allies'
Sir Edward's reply substantially is as
Great Britain is earnestly in favor of
peace, but when peace is made it must
be made upon a lasting basis.
To accomplish this most desirable
end many questions of grave moment
to the whole world must be permanent
Belgium .Mum Be Compensated.
Among these is the compensation of
Belgium for the violation of the neu
trality of that country by Germany.
The foregoing is the response of Sir
Edward to the informal peace proposal
made on behalf of the German Ambas
sador to the United States, first through
Oscar Strauss, ex-Ambassador to Tur
key, and then through Secretary of
The massage of the German Emperor
is under date of last Friday. On the
same day Dr. Van Bethmann-Hollweg,
Chancellor of the Empire, advised
Count Von Bernstorff, the German Am-
(Concluded on Page 2.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 66.fi
degrees; minimum. 4.b degrees.
TODAY'S Increasing cloudiness, probably
followed by showers during the afternoon
or night. Winds shifting to southerly.
German right in France being reinforced by
tSU.000 men. Page 1.
O'Laughlin says informal peace moves are
being made In "Washington. Page L
War losses felt in every German home.
Japan5 war decision not reached hastily.
Appeal of burgomaster of Ghent to America
brought by Army doctor. Page 4.
Russian airman flies Into foe and both die.
Germans deny mines have been planted In
North Sea. Page 2.
England prepares to care for 1.000,000 Bel
gians. Page 4.
Congress hastens to frame new war-tax
bllL Page 5.
Protest against German sailors on Red
Cross delays start. Pag 2.
German military critic thinks position in
East Improved. Page 3.
King Guerae addresses message to layol col
onies. Page 2.
Russians again victorious near Lembcrg.
Kaiser's note to President Wilson protests
warfare by Belgian citizens and use of
dum-dum bullets. Page 2.
Railroad men ask President to help them
win public sympathy In great financial
crisia. page 6.
Open shop extolled and scored before Federal
Commissioners in Los Angeles. Page fa.
"Muckle" McDonald captured in Butte,
l age 6.
Coast Lcaius results Portland 3-7. Los An
geles 0-1; Oakland 2-3, San Francisco
o-O; Missions 5-4. Venice 1-11. Page 12.
Mathewson comments on pennant race.
Washington primary Democratic Senatorial
winner may be settled by second choice
votes. Paae 7.
Turner and Black in close race for Senatorial
nomination. Page t.
Vancouver fair attracts 11,000 spectators.
Commercial and Marine.
Feed wheat in demand for shipment South.
Foreign investors expected to subscribe
heavily to New York bond issue. Page 17.
New dockage facilities assured. Page 16.
Flour-sacking requirements of prime impor
tance to pacific Coast shippers. Page 16.
Portland and vicinity.
Report of German cruelty denied by Oregon
City nastor in Fatherland. Page 16.
Portland Klrl married to Austrian on eve of
war. Page 9.
New films at moving-picture theaters In
clude thrillers and rollicking aomedies.
Franchise through city granted Portland &
Oregon City Railway. Page 11.
Financiers predict prosperity for Western
States. Page IX.
Arthur I Moulton announces platform
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 16.
Civic organizations to help Visiting Nurse
Association gather needed funds. Page 4.
BRITISH RECRUITS 300,000
Eagerness to Enlist Great Since
Combat, Says London Dispatch.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 9. The British
embassy today received from the Lon
don Foreign Office the following dis
patch: "There is Increasing- enthusiasm for
recruiting in Great Britain. Three hun
dred thousand men have Joined the
regular army since the war oegan. The
eagerness to enlist has grown marked
ly since British trooos have actually
been engaged with the enemy."
Another message received at the em
bassy officiall denies recent reports
that the British cruiser Bristol had
been disabled in an engagement with
an unnamed German ship in Southern
WHEN OUR GEORGE WAS ASLEEP AT THE
Every Household Con
cerned in War.
MOURNING SEEN EVERYWHERE
Industries Denuded of Men;
WOtyEN ARE DOING WORK
Danish Observer After Tour of Coun
try, Says Wives and Mothers
Dive Lives Racked by Tor
ture and Suspense.
(Correspondence of e London Standard
by a Dane who hai Just made a tour or
COPENHAGEN, Sept. 4 I have Just
returned from a trip through Berlin,
Lelpslc. Dresden, Hanover, Hamburg
and other large German cities. In
spite of difficulties of transportation
and the suspicious reception of for
eigners, I was able closely to observe
the condition of the country and the
state of the people.
At the outset, during the period of
general mobilization, the whole coun
try resembled an armed camp. Sol
diers were everywhere: ordinary rail
way traffic was suspended to allow
their trains to pass; there was much
bustle and activity, and unbounded
optimism prevailed. The troops went
singing to the front. No thought but
of speedy victory entered the minds
of the great mass of the German mid
Mourning Seen Everywhere.
Now Germany is a land of universal
mourning; black Is the predominant
color. I walked down the Frtedrlch
strasse In Berlin and counted In one
section 16 women wearing deep mourn
ing out of 19 whom I saw there. The
train which conveyed me from the
capital to Hamburg was full of weep
ing women in black. The women of
Germany are either desolate or racked
by the torture of suspense. Each
knock at the front door causes panic
In every household, for It may be a
dreadful official message announcing
the death or mutilation of husband,
son or brother.
Germany has called out her last line
of reserves, and every household, al
most, is directly concerned In the war.
In some families all the male members
are at the front. The losses have been
colossal, and the suppression of the
general death lists by the authorities
has not concealed the extent of the
toll in human lives which Germany has
been forced to pay for the Kaiser's
( Concluded on Page fi.)
Wednesday's War Moves
FtOM Berlin. direct by wireless,
comes news of the fall of the
French fortress of Maubeuge, near the
Belgian frontier, said to be of great
importance In the strategy of the Ger
man campaign because of its command
of communications. London dispatches
admit the fall of Maubeuge. It Is said
40,000 prisoners, including four Gen
erals, and 400 guns were taken. That
both sides regarded the position as
highly Important was manifest from
tho determined character of both as
sault and defense. Immediately on
the heels of its fall comes news that
60,000 German reinforcements are
marching Into France in three columns.
Maubeuge, while a factor In the cam
paign. Is only a small part of the bat
tle line of either side and news from
French and British sources Is Uiat the
offensive tactics undertaken in the last
day or two by the allied armies have
had the effect of forcing the Germans
back at various points In the battle
line, which extends from a few miles
east of Paris to Verdun, a distance ot
about 200 miles.
Bordeaux reports officially that the
British army has crossed the River
Marne and that the Germans have
fallen back 25 miles. The efforts of
the Germans to break the French lines
on the Ourcq River are likewise offi
cially reported to have failed. Rein
forced German forces, however, are
striking at the allies' left and cen
ter between Montmlral and Vitry-le-France,
along a front of 60 miles.
Great persistency marks tho German
attack In this direction, and Its vigor
seems all the more remarkable when It
is known that the Invaders have been
compelled to advance through the
swamps of the Petit Morln, and then
over bare uplands to the extremely
strong French position on the right.
There Is a possibility that the Ger
mans are trying to draw the allies Into
an attack on the high ground that lies
between the Marne and the Alsne.
about Rhelms; and while It Is believed
that some of the edge has been taken
off the German offensive. It is not at
all probable that It has all been re
moved. Military critics are careful to
warn the people that the battle has not
yet been won and that there probably
will be a week or more of fighting be
fore a decisive result is attained any
The Austrlans and Russians are still
battling In Gallcia. Reports from Rome
indicate that the Russians are making
progress against General Auffenberg's
army, which la being supported by
Germans. Reports from German sources
declare the German position In East
Prussia has improved materially.
It Is denied that the Russians are
making serious Inroads. As to the op
eratlons in Austria doubt Is now ex
pressed as to whether the Russian en
veloplng movement from the south of
Lemberg can be developed quickly
enough to cut off the Austrlans should
they be defeated by the Russians ad
vancing from the north. Should the
Austrlans be defeated, as Rome says,
this second army Is likely to hasten
General Auffenberg's retirement
In England enthusiasm has been cre
ated by the King's message to India,
the dominions and colonies In which
he thanks his overseas colonies for
the promptitude with which they re
sponded to the call from the mother
country. India Is sending 70.000 troops,
"Kitchener's pets," as they have been
called since Field Marshal Kitchener
reorganized the Indian army. They In
clude the army of occupation and the
native forces. The latter are to be
commanded by their Princes and chiefs.
Besides this India is to pay the cost
of transporting her troops to Europe,
and the Indian Princes are sending
really fabulous gifts to the war funds
being raised in their own country and
England. The dominions and the col
onies have placed their ships, men and
money at the disposal of the home gov
ernment so that the whole forces of the
empire have been recruited against her
The official bureau has Issued a
denial of the report that Dominion
troops have arrived, and while no
statement has been Issued regarding
the movements of the Indian contingent
except that some of them left India
several weeks ago, the opinion Is gen
eral there that they either have Joined
General French's force or are about to
The report that a great Russian force
had gone to Join the allies In France
seems to have arisen from the fact
that Russian reservists from England,
the United States and other countries
who could not get to their own coun
try at the desire of Emperor Nicholas
Joined the French army.
A problem with which England Is
faced Is that of caring for the thou
sands of refugees driven out of Bel
glum. A splendid organization, how
ever, has the matter In hand, and as
the refugees come In 4hey are sent
quickly to different parts of the coun
try, where hospitality awaits them.
One boat brought over 1100 from Os
tend yesterday. Many of these refu
gees landed with all their world pos
sessions In a couple of bags or in
brown paper parcels. A striking fea
ture of the arrivals was tho number
of widows and little children.
RUSSIANS REPORTED TAKEN
Germany Sends Message to Wash
WASHINGTON. Sept. 9. The German
Embassy today received this wireless
"Bresslau Stleslan Landwehr cap
tured IT officers, thousand men. all
Russian Imperial Guard."
The place of the encounter was not
At firsT the Embassy believed the
guard had Deen captured at Breslau.
but a study of the dispatch convinced
officials that it referred to a capture by
the Landwehr from Breslau and Silesia,
NOT MADE HASTILY
Elder Statesmen First
Opposed to War.
FLEET IS MOBILIZED EARLY
Halt Then Comes, Due to Hrtch
LIMIT OF WAR DEFINED
Britain Said to Have Opposed Lim
itless Conflict In Pacific Jap
anese People Themselves at
First Not Unanimous,
TOKIO, Aug. IS. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) Japan's decision
to send an ultimatum to Germany and
thus extend the thoatar of war from
Europe to Asia, was reachad only after
some division among the statesmen of
It was the genro, or elder statesmen,
who at first opposed Japan's partici
pation. Extonstva negotiations war
necessary also between Great Britain
and Japan before an accord waa
reached as to the sphere of Japan'
action and the exact programme Japan
was to carry out In the fulfillment of
her alllanc with England.
Early Mobilisation Rearaa.
As soon as war waa declared between
England and Germany. Japan mobilised
her fleet In readiness for action and
soon after that several army corps
were ordered In readiness for quick
mobilisation. The third Japan
squadron, located at Shanghai, was re
inforced by aaveral warships from tho
home fleet and a patrol waa established
in the historic straits of Tshushlmo.
A flying squardon ot seven cruiser
was organised at Yokosuka with
Prince Fushlmi In command, whll th
battleship squadron at Sasebo waa In
creased to sight big-gun ship. In
cluding th dreadnought Kongo and
the dreadnought Hlyal.
Meantime Japan began to feel
heavily the results r th war. Ship
ping was tied up and as many aa 100
steamer of different nationalities wr
unabl to Isave por. Foreign com
mercial exchange practically cad be
tween Japan and China and Europ.
bringing that bualnass to a standstill.
Activity Once Halted.
All this time active negotiations were
going on between Japan and England.
Suddenly, on August 11, when svry
body In Japan had been prepared for
a communication from th government
regarding her participation In th ho
tllltle. a halt cam In the gsneral ac
tivities. This was axplalned as due, flrst, tw
a hitch In the negotiations btweii
Japan and England concerning th
scop of Japan' action and being also
due to Great Britain' dalr to calm
faars that might axlst In China and
America that Japan had any designs
on the Integrity of China. Great Brit
ain was desirous that th world should
not lmagina that with the entrance or
Japan Into the conflict a violent and
limitless war w to b carrlad on lu
the Pacific Ocean.
Soma discussion, it Is said, also was
held on the question of Japan's status
in the peace congress of Europ to b
held after the conclusion of ths war.
Japanese Not la Harssoay.
Another Important factor In th situ
ation was that the Japanese themslve
were not In harmony a to Japan s atti
tude, but after a series of deliberation
they reached unanimity. Something of
a flurry waa caused In Toklo by
rumor that tho l ulled State had sent
a communication to Japan, either re
questing som assurance as to th In
tegrity of Chin or paving th way for
Intervention by th United States.
Offlclala wer kept busy dsnylus;
such rumors, but thss reports gave an
opportunity to aom sensational news
papers to say things against the United
State and voice angar at America's
reported attitude. Thl ha entirely
As thl correspondent la I savin,
troop ar being mobilized In different
parts of th emplr. Including four
regiment of artillery at Toklo. A BM
of transport Is waiting at Mojt to con
voy Japan's army to ths shores of
China. It is not Improbable that an
army corps will mov down toward
Klau-Chau from Manchuria.
Japanese do not regard the reduction
of Klau-Chau aa an easy matter. They
do not, of course, glv It anything of
the sam lmportanc aa thy attach
to Port Arthur, but thy realls that
during th long delay th Uarinana
hav strongly fortified ths port ot
Tslng-Tau. Thsy know that ths Usr
mans have dismantled several warships
and hav placed several big gun oa
the height of th two arms of Klrni-
Chau bay. They know, loo, that th
harbor has been thoroughly mined ana
that ammunition enough has rachd
Klau-Chau to enable tho Qtrnini t
endurs a long siege, as oils man
"Each day that as delsy In moving
on Tslng-Tau means a sacrlflc of too
Prance Lends Nante $700,000.
BORDEAUX. 8pt- . Th govern
ment has authorized th Ministry of
Ftnanc to lsnd 1700.000 to ths Cham
ber of Cummarc of Nant In ordr
that sufficient wht u:id flour may
be Imported to feed the population ot
Nantes during lb. hoslillUsa,