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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 7, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAJf, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7. 1914.
GERMAN GUNS' DEEP
REFUGEES IN FLIGHT FROM FRANCE
Correspondent Describes Con
trasts of Sound in Engage
ments of Artillery.
FORCES ENGAGE ON PLAIN
. , t
Shell Bursts in Middle- of Squadron
of Dragoons Changing Position,
and Lays Pour Low.
Chantilly Is Shelled.
LONDON. Sept. e. The correspond
ent of the Times, describing: the fight
ing' In the villages near Parts, says
that at Chantilly, Senile and other
places, the Germans and the allies en
gaged in cannonading: with little ef
fect. They then tried the strength of
their infantry with a slight advantage
to the Germans, who, however, were
ordered to retire. These tactics were
characteristic of the fighting for sev
eral days previous to September 3.
He gives a description of an engage
ment near Senlis, on a large open plain,
over which the three main roads con
verge into Senlis. A French battery
hidden in an orchard and another be
hind earthworks engaged the German
artillery, which occupied a position on
a ridge three miles distant on the op
posite side of the plain.
Gcnuu I r Heavy Gnu.
"One heard the curious whistle of
the French melinite shells," says the
writer. "Then a cluster of little clean
white balls appeared over the ridge,
to be followed a few seconds later by
"The Germans were using mostly
heavy guns, though there was a bat
tery somewhere further along the
road which from time to time shelled
the French troops concealed in the
forks of the rojling plowland. The
Germans succeeded in dislodging some
of the French.
"A couple of squadrons of dragoons
appeared suddenly out of the hollow
and trotted 200 yards to the rear. They
were changing their ground. An In
fantryman who sought cover under
the same haystack as myself told me
that a shell had burst in the middle
of his section and put four men out of
French Battery Holds Fmltlos.
"Heavy shells, on the other hand,
seemed to have little effect on the
French battery. It kept its position
In the orchard and maintained a regu
lar fire, while big splashes of duil gray
amoke marked the shells which were
trying to find it and which crashed
Into the ground behind Its position,
now to this, now that side of the road".
"The French guns fired at frequent
Intervals. First would come the deep
report of the German guns, the note
of which dominated the cannonade all
day, then followed the sharp sound of
the French field pieces. On the roads
outside forces of French cavalry came
and went. 1 waited for a fusillade to
break out in the woods to the right
and left of the open country, where
the French appeared to be pushing
forward, but It did not come. An at
tack, .it seemed, might come toward
evening, so 1 left Senlis and rode five
miles back on the left of the French
position to Chantilly to see what was
Chantilly, Too, Deserted.
"Chantilly also was deserted. There
was no sign of fighting, but much talk
In the few inns still open. Presently a
frightened woman shouted that Senlis
was burning. I started back along the
road and encountered a stream of
carts laden with household goods.
Over the woods a column of smoke was
rising. A battalion of French infan
try, retreating through the fields, was
moving in the direction of Chantilly.
"The Germans fired about 40 shells
Into the town, and then bombardment
ceased. 1 went back through the
streets to see what the damage was.
There was surprisingly little to be
"The Germans had evidently taken
the tower of the cathedral as a mark.
1 bad seen one shell hit it and a trail
of smoke go up. but only one gargoyle
had been broken from its place and
lay in fragments on the ground. Here
and there one saw broken tiles. The
telegraph wires were down in places
And lay in a tangly but on the other
hand there was not more havoc than
would have been caused by a heavy
LONDON BELGIANS' HAVEN
Thousands of Bereiived Women and
Children Arrive Daily.
LONDON. Sept. 6 Homeless Bel
gians are arriving in London by the
thousands daily. Mothers with tears
on their faces, tired children and old
people are found on each train arriv
ing at Charing Cross from Folkestone
and are met by Ked Cross nurses and
volunteer committees of Boy Scouts
and carried in motors to Institutions
Few of them have even hand bag
gage, almost all are wltnout money
and they wonder whether they will
ever see their homes again. The sad
dest feature is the frightened faces of
the children, tired from the trips on
the crowded hosts from Ostend and
It is estimated that 2000 of the -war
sufferers arrived this week. Nine
tenths of the people at the war "offices
RUSSIANS TAKE ZEPPELIN
Two Staff Officers Among 30 Men
Aboard: Plane Brought Down.
PETROGRAD, Sept. . via London.
The Russians fired on and captured,
near Zeida. a Zeppelin airship with its
30 occupants, including two staff of
ficers and two gunners, together with
explosives, plans and photographs. The
Russians also brought down an aero
plane. In which was an Austrian Colo
nel. During the last two days 130 Aus
trian officers and 7000 men, prisoners
of war, have passed through Minsk en
route for Smolensk.
General RennenkaropfTa troops are
taking with them to the field the col
ors carried by Scobelff In 1875.
The Novoe Vremya says the famous
Ikon of Potchaieoaky, mother of God,
now at Skitomid, probably will be sent
to the active army in Gallcia.
Prince Leopold's Nephew Killed.
LONDON, Sept t. German papers
received here show that Prince Ernest,
of Lippe. a nephew of Prince Leopold
TV. has been killed. This is the third
casualty in Prince Leopold's family
jjJgjJjjfljSJSJ " M'ffWW ,. . I......... .
GIFT OF CORPS AIM
Anglo - Americans to Equip
Army in Great Britain.
COMPANIES TO BE NAMED
Opportunity Given for Perpetuating
Fame of Donors Honorary Offi
cers' List Will Include Wom
en as Well as Men.
LONDON, Sept. 1. An Anglo-American
contingent to aid Great Britain
and her allies is now In process of
fnrmatinn nndr th direction Of &
committee consisting of leaders of Anglo-American
society here. Lord Ljrve
den is the head of the organization,
and also commandant of the corps.
Speaking touigni at me ue.uii..
ters of the corps, Lord Lyveden said:
"We are accepting Anglo-Americans
for this contingent, but only those not
eligible for Lord J-'chener's special
t L v. n ? ' ' In piiTTtmnnication
arm). i ii v u utii . " .........
with the War Office officials, and sev
eral members or tne riouse m
and have outlined the proposed or
ganization. Bvery one haa been much
impressed and believes we shall be abie
to produce a really useful force to
support the British army.
Corps to Be Self-Equipped.
"1 have been asked by the authorl-
.1' , l,nAn nmmt'I H t WOrk OH
ties lu "i' t-- mi ....
its organization and offer the corps in
tour monins ume. wf " -
had a most generous response In both
v.iinntrs and donations. We must
equip the corps ourselves.
The regiment win o cwtuf"WM w
v. i f hitfiiinne nt infantry.
UI1 W U11U - ii i
three troops of mounted infantry, or
rough riaers, aim iueM.iui, auyulu..vv,
and transport detachments. If enough
mM. volunteer we may have to form
We have secured tne exclusive use
- Ai ii riali in 1tndnn eauicoed
with a gymnasium, rifle range, baths.
etc., ana propose 10 gei uuwu iu
immediately. Instead of numbering
- mniniea trnnos or detachments.
UUl luui"'1 swj "
we propose to name them after the
- . ,1 nf.a imor.
donors OI equipment auu
lean states and cities.
The cost of equipping a single
company is $3600. Our horses will
have to come from America, as the
remount department here may need all
the suitable horses in Great Britain."
'Women to Be Honorary O frier rH.
Lord Lyveden said the contingent
would have "officers of honor," women
as well as men, who were unable to
enroll as active members. There would
be no enlistment in the United States,
and Americana of American birth
could not be asked to Join. The en
rollment would be conducted here.
Lord Lyveden explained his reasons
for organising the-contingent. He said
ne had spent many years in North
Carolina, was deeply interested in
America, believed many Americans de
sired to help Great Britain.
He said a staff had already been
secured. It was composed of retired
officers, non-commissioned officers and
surgeons, but the majority of the
officers and non-commissioned officers
would be appointed from the volun-
"The uuniform is to be of khaki with
green facings, while the badge will be
Human Interest Carried in
Sidelights of War.
British Student aad Husband of
American Girl Get Army Cenunis-
alona Duke of Westminster Sa-
Intes Dying Man French Airman
W ants to Call on Kaiser.
LONDON. Sept. 6. A dispatch to the
Chronicle from Rotterdam says a
large number of refugees have reached
Terneuseen from Saint Nicolas, a town
of Belgium, in East Flanders. 2 miles
northeast of Ghent.
Another incident is reported regard
ing the Duke of Westminster, who was
recently mentioned as among those
whose bravery on the field of action
had attracted attention. The Duke, It
Phdto Copyright by Underwood & Underwood.
AND ENGLISH RIDING IN BOXCAR TO BORDER.
is said, is serving as aide-de-camp to
Field Marshal Sir John French. He
encountered a patrol of Uhlans while
he was carrying orders by automobile.
He put cn the utmost speed, but nu
merous shots from the Germans struck
the machine and one mortally wounded
his companion, an officer. The latter
half rose, attempting to salute, and fell
back dead. The Duke, seeing his com
panion collapse, rose in the car, sa
luted the dying man and said:
LONDON, Sept. 8. The universities
and colleges are contributing their
share of men for the war. The vice
chancellor of Oxford University has
recommended to the war office the
names of 1112 under graduates for
commissions in the army. Of these
1000 already have been commissioned,
which gives one-third of the student
body to the army, and more than that
proportion of British subjects, because
there are many foreigners 'among the
under graduates. All Souls College has
provided three officers.
Dr. W. J. Maloney, a professor at
Fordham UniversitS', has accepted a
lieutenancy in the British medical
service and will be attached to the
staff of the Surgeon-General. Dr. Ma
loney recently married Miss Margaret
S. McKim, of New Tork.
PARIS, Sept 6. A correspondent of
the Petit Journal relates a charac
teristic Interview with Jules Vedrtnes,
the well-known Hirman, whe aiready
has done distinguished work, but finds
the service monotonous because he is
not allowed more activity. His work
is confined to reconnoitering for the
troops and artillery. He says:
"If only they would let me go and
leave my visiting card with Emperor
RUSSIANS REACH FRANGE
ARMY COMING BY SEA DECLARED
AT REAR OP GERMANS.
Writer Says Force From Arctic Port on
West Coast Is 150,000. and More
Are on Way.
NEW YORK, Sept 6. kv:::in troops
to the number of 150.000 have passed
through England and are now at the
rear of the German army in France,
according to Vance Thompson, an
American writer who arrived today on
the Red Star liner Kroonland, which
sailed from Liverpool August 28.
On that day, Mr. Thompson said, he
saw detachment of Cossacks on their
way to the Channel ports, and learned
that the British government had sus
pended the regular train service in
order to give the Russians the right of
way. He added that he could say from
reliable authorities that 150,000 Rus
sians had already crossed the Channel
TOTAL COST OF EUROPEAN WAR
TO DATE, 1,87,000.800.
The European war to date has cost
the countries involved the Vast total
of $1,870,000,000. This total is based
on the figures of J55.000.000 loss a
day estimated by the .nost eminent
French aad English statisticians.
The daily estimate of 35,00O.O0
Includes lost earning power, economic
loss, loss by destruction of warships,
destruction of smmunltioos, loss by
normal bombardment of towns, eco
nomic loss through casualties, loss In
animals and industrial snd commer
cial loss. .
It does not Include such abnormal
losses ss the destruction of Louvain.
which was approximately $100,000,000.
and were now probably attacking the
German rear, while it was understood
that thousands more were on their
way from Archangel by the Arctic
route to England.
Passengers on steamers from Eng
land recently have reported a move
ment of Russian troops through the
British Isles to the Continent
Bomb-Dropping Aviators "Wounded.
LONDON, Sept 6. A Reuter's dis
patch from Antwerp says the -German
aeroplane which flew over Ghent drop
ping two bombs yesterday, later
descended at Oordegom. Its two offi
cers hadw been wounded and they were
brought to Antwerp. , I
GUARD ARRESTS TWO
Militia in Butte Takes Miners
on Kidnaping Charge.
LONG STAY IS EXPECTED
Officers With -Warrants Sent for
Soldiers Who Failed to Respond
to Call Preparation Made
to Defend Status.
BUTTE, Mont, Sept. 6. Two addi
tional arrests were made today by the
National Guard of Montana, which Is
keeping peace In Butte by maintain
ing martial law. The men arrested
are Herbert Cary and William O'Brien,
both charged with kidnaping. They
were members of the deportation com
mittee of the Mineworkers' Union.
O'Brien was temporary chairman of
the Mineworkers Union when it was
first formed and ri the election for
permanent officers he was a candidate
for president In opposition to "Muckie"
McDonald. No riot calls were turned
In and the bulk of the State Guards
rested within military lines. Catholic
and Protestant services were held in
the Courthouse for the men. Two hun
dred members of the National Guard
who have failed to report In Butte are
to be brought here under guard. Of
ficers with warrants were dispatched
to the men's homes.
Every indication points to a pro
longed stay of the militia here. Their
Winter overcoats will arrive ' tomor
row and the camp is being fitted up for
a long' stay. The answer of the Na
tional Guard to the petition filed in
the United States Court to show cause
why the court should not release two
military prisoners on writs of habeas
corpus was completed tonight and will
be presented to Federal Judge Bour
The Butte Typographical Union
passed a resolution asking that the
saloons be kept closed during the time
that martial law prevails here. Be
cause tomorrow Is Labor day the mines
closed today and will not reopen until
WILSON FOREGOES HIS TRIP
(Continued From First Pace.)
ever, that he saw nothing to keep Con
gress in session after the emergency
work was finished.
The President had been asked to
speak In Iowa, Pennsylvania, Indiana,
Maine and other states. He had previ
ously told those who asked him that
he would make no promises until he
saw what the general situation was.
Congress Session Important.
His letter follows:
"Sly Dear Mr. Doremus: I have read
your letter of September 1 with a keen
appreciation of its importance. It ap
peals to me 9fe the leader of the party
now in power with peculiar force and
persuasiveness. The close of a very
extraordinary session1 of Congress is at
hand, which has, I venture to say, been
more fruitful in important legislation
of permanent usefulness to the country
than any session of Congress within
the memory of tle active public men
of our generation. A great construc
tive programme has been carried
through for which the country has long
BUSH & LAN 17 I
STANDARD IN O.UALITT.
A used PIANO of a GOOD MAKE is better than a cheap NEW PIANO.
Tou will find most of the STANDARD MAKES to select from here.
EASY TERMS OF PAYMENT.
TJie lifting of the receiver from the Pacific Tele
phone and giving of number becomes second nature
to the business man who may at that moment be con
centrating upon an important thought or plan.
r S f
The simplicity of operation of the Pacific Telephone,
together with the dependable action of human in
genuity on the other end, which is adaptable to cir
cumstances, causes a preference for this service, as
shown by its universal use. ,
42,557 Pacific Telephones in Portland
Serve You Most and Serve You Best.
The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Co.
waited, and has been carried through
with the approval and support of Judi
cious men of all parties. And we have
abundant reason to congratulate our
selves upon the record that haa been
made during the busy. 17 months we
have devoted to our great legislative
task. Certainly in ordinary circum
stances, If we were free to disengage
ourselves for the purpose, we would
be warranted In now directing our en
ergies to a great campaign in support
of an appeal to the country to give us
the encouragement of its indorsement
at the Autumn elections.
Party Record Commended.
"We could go to the country with a
very sincere appeal. In which there
need be no pretense or boast of any
kind, but a plain statement of things
actually accomplished, which ought to
be, and I think would be. entiirely con
vincing. It is a record which shows
peace with all the world; the questions
which plagued business with doubt and
uncertalntly and irresponsible criticism
out of the way, thoughtfully settled
and disposed of: the apparent antagon
ism between government and business
cleared away and brought to an end
with the plain reckoning accomplished;
the path of sure-footed adjustment
clear ahead of us, prosperity certain to
come by means which all can approve
"Moreover, there Is a programme or
another kind ahead of us. to which it
is inspiring to look forward a pro
gramme free from debate, except as
to the best means by which to accom
plish what all desire. The great ques
tions immediately ahead of us are the
building up of our merchant marine,
with all that that means in the devel
opment and diversification of our for
eign commerce and the systematic con
servation and economic use of our nat
ural resources, subjects much talked
about but little acted upon. Here are
other great pieces of constructive leg
islation waiting to be done td which
we could turn without any controversy
except, as I have said, as to the best
means of doing tffem."
Dnty Takes Unexpected Aspect.
"I believe that ways can be found to
do these things readily enough if the
country will give us its generous sup
port and trust us to do them; and it
would have been a genuine pleasure to
me to ask to be given again colleagues
such as I have had in the two houses
of Congress during the present memor
able session. I trust that there will be
many occasions upon which I may have
the privilege of calling the attention of
my fellow countrymen to the fine, un
selfish service which has been rendered
them by their present representatives,
ready at all times. to respond to any
appeal which speak convincingly of the
public welfare. ....
"But In view of the unlooked for in
ternational situation our duty has
taken on an unexpected aspect Every
patriotic man ought now to 'stay on his
job' until the crisis is passed and ought
to stay where his job can best be done
We must do whatever Is necessary and
forego whatever is necessary to keep
us in close and active concert in order
to relieve in every possible way the
stress and strain put upon our people
during the continuance of the present
extraordinary conditions.- My job I
now know, can be done best only if I
devote my whole thought and atten
tion to it and think of nothing but the
duties of the hour. I am not et liberty
and shall not be, so far as I can now
see to turn away from those duties to
undertake any kind of political can
vass. Responsibility Twofold.
"In the present emergency I am
keenly aware of the twofold responsi
bility I am called upon to discharge;
the responsibility which devolves upon
me M President of the United States
and the responsibility under wh ch I
am laid as leader of a great political
oarty Of course, the whole country
will expect of me and my dwn con
science will exact of me what I think
first of my duties as President, re
sponsible for exercising so far as , I
have the ability a constant guidance
in the affairs of the country, both do
mestic and foreign.
"The labors of Congress have a nat
ural and customary limit; the work or
433-435 Washington Street
OAK AND PARK STREETS
the Houses can be and will be finished;
Congress can adjourn. But the Presi
dent cannot, especially In times like
these, turn away from his official
work, even for a little while. Too
much depends upon his keeping all the
threads of what Is occurring In his
Campaign to Be Avoided.
"I have, therefore, reached the con
clusion that I cannot in n"ny ordinary
sense take an active part in the ap
proaching campaign: that I must re
main here to attend to the serious
work sure to fill the months immeJI
ately before us months that will car
ry with them obligations, no doubt, of
the most tremendous sort. 1 know that
you will feel similarly about your own
obligations; that members of Congress,
too, without distinction as to party
affiliations, will feel that they must
remain to do their work of necessary
and pressing service and bring. It to a
"I shall, no doubt, take occasion a
opportunity offers, to state and per
haps re-state to the country In the
clearest and most convincing terms 1
can command the things which the
Democratic party has attempted to do
in the settlement of great questions
which have for many a long year
pressed for solution, and I earnestly
hope that they will generously open
their minds to what I may have to say;
but I shall not allow my eagerness to
win their approval of my earnest de
sire to be granted by their suffrages
the support of another Congress to In
terfere with the dally performance of
my official duties or distract my mind
from them. The record men make
speaks for Itself. The country cannot
be deceived concerning it and will as
sess it justly. What it chiefly expects
and demands and what it certainly will
be most surely won by Is the perform
ance of duty without fear or favor and
without regard to personal conse
qdences. Time Here for Bis Things.
"Certainly this is a time when Amer
ica expects every man to do his duty
without thought of profit or advantage
to himself. America Is greater than
any party. America cannot properly
be served by any man who for a mo
ment measures his Interest against her
The NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY has never done business in any foreign
country. Its agencies are established only in the
healthy portions of the United States.
HORACE MECKLEM, General Agent
33CV331 Northwestern Bank Building
service is the fastest service to
the greatest number of places.
Cable Letters and
it offers the most complete
and effective facilities for tele
graphic communications of
every conceivable kind.
THE WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH CO.
Full information gladly given at any office.
advantage. The time has come for great
things. These are the days big with
destiny for the United States, as for the
other nations of the world. A little
wisdom, a little courage, a little self
forgetful devotion may, under God. turn
that destiny this way or that Crest
hearts, (rest natures trill respond.
Even little men will rejoice to be stim
ulated and guided and set an herolo
example. Parties will fare well enough
without nursing if the men who make
them up and the men who lead them
forget themselves to serve a cause and
set a great people forward on the path
of liberty and peace. Cordially and sin
WEST CUTS FREE PHONE
"Bankrupt," Economising, Casta
Out Erpenseless Thing.
SALEM. Or.. Sept. . (Special)
Governor West in announcing the
bankruptcy of his office through de
pletion of the Legislative fund for in
cidentals and proclaiming, as a result
that all communicating with him by
mall, telegraph or telephone must pre
pay all messages or enclose return
postage, sent a letter to the Northwest
ern Long-Dlstance Telephone Company
advising it to disconnect its telephones
in the gubernatorial offices.
The Northwestern Long-Dlstanre
Telephone Company does not charge
any rental for telephones and all In
stallation of telephones Is done frse
Governor West's letter to the tele
phone company follows:
State of Oregon. Executive Department,
Salem, September 2, 114 Northwestern
Lons Dlstsnce Telephone Co., Salem. Ores"".
Oenllemen: Owing to thy fact that lbs
Legislature, did not provide sufficient funue
to meet the current incidental expenses (
this office It Is without means to pay fu
turs telephone bills. And Inssmuoh ss s
law passed at ths last session of the Les
talature makes it a misdemeanor tor a pub.
llo official to incur an expense where ne
appropriation to cover same has been made
and it la therefore unlawful to create a de
ficiency, I am obliged to request that your
telephones bs disconnected until socb a time
ae funds are provided to meet the expense.
Youn very truly.
OSWALD WEST. Governor.