Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 07, 1914, Image 1

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v mv.-NO. 16,782. PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7. 1914. PRICEFIYE CENTS
t 1
BRITISH ESTIMATE
LOSSES AT 15,000
War Office Says Sac
rifice Is Justified
WEEK IS ONE OF STRATAGEMS
Germans Reported Neglecting
Paris, Marching Southeast.
LEFT THOUGHT ABANDONED
pen Formation Vsed With Bffect
Asalnst Great Numbers of En-
emy, SajB Official State-
ment at London.
LONDON. Sept. . The operations of
the British army In France last week
are reviewed In a statement issued by
the official war information bureau to
day. The statement reads:
"It now Is possible to make another
general survey in continuation of that
Issued on August 30. of the operations
of the British army during: the past
week.
"No new main trial of strength has
taken place. There have Indeed been
battles In various parts of the immense
front which in other wars would have
been considered operations of the first
magnitude, but In this war they are
merely incidents of strategic with
drawal and contraction of the allied
forces caused by the initial shock on
the frontier in Belgium and by the
enormous strength which the Germans
have thrown Into the western theater
while suffering heavily through weak
ness in the eastern.
Seventh French Army In Field.
"The British expeditionary army has
conformed with the general movement
of the French forces and acted in har
mony with the strategic conceptions
of the French general staff. Since the
battle at Cambral, on August 26. where
the British troops successfully guarded
the left flank of the whole line of
French armies from a deadly turning
attack supported by an enormous force,
the seventh French army has come
Into operation on the British left.
"This, in conjunction with the Fifth
army on our right, has greatly taken
the strain and pressure off our left. ,
"The Fifth French army in particular,
on August 29, advanced from the line
of the Oise River to meet and counter
the German forward movement and a
considerable battle developed to the
town of Guluse.
Solid Success Asserted.
"In this the Fifth French army
gained a marked and solid success,
driving back with heavy loss and in
disorder three German army corps the
Tenth, the Guard and a reserve corps.
It Is said that the commander of the
Tenth German corpB was among those
killed.
"In spite of this success, however,
and all the benefits which followed
from It, the general retirement to the
south continued and the German
armies, seeking persistently after the
British troops, remained in practically
continuous contact with our rear guard.
"During the whole of this period
marching and fighting have been con
tinuous and In the whole period the
British casultles, according to the latest
estimates, have amounted to about
16,000 officers and men.
Some Expected to Rejoin.
"The lighting has been in open order
on a wide front with repeated retire
ments and has led a large number of
officers and men, and even small
parties to lose their way and get sepa
rated. ' It is known that a consider
able number of those now Included In
the total will rejoin the colors safely.
"These losses, if heavy In so small a
force, have in no wise affected the
spirit of the troops. They do not
amount to one-third of the losses in
llicted by the British force upon the
enemy and the sacrifice required of the
army has not been out of proportion
to its military achievements.
"Drafts of 19,000 have reached our
army or are approaching the men on
the line of communication and advan
tage has been taken of the five quiet
days that have passed since the action
on September 1 to fill up the gaps and
refit and consolidate the units.
"The British army now is south of
the Marne and is in line with the
French forces on the right and left.
Enemy Marching: Southeast.
"The latest information about the
enemy is that they are neglecting
Paris and are marching in a southeast
ern direction towards the Marne and
towards the left and center of." the
French lines. The first German army
is reported to be between La Ferte
Sous Jouarre and Effises Boffort.
"The second German army, after
taking Rheims. is advancing on
Chateau Thierry and to the east of that
place.
"The fourth German army Is report
ed to be marching south and on the
west of the Argonne between Suippes
and Ville Jourbe. All these points
were reached by the Germans on Sep
tember 3.
"The seventh German army has been
repulsed by a French corps near Dlon
vllle. It would theretore appear that
the developing movement on the Anglo
French left flank has been abandoned
by the Germans because it waa no
longer practicable to continue such a
(Concluded on Pas )
BULLETINS
LONDON, Sept. 6. The light cruiser
Pathfinder of the British navy has
been blown op by a mine In the North
Sea. The loan of life lit not definitely
known. The Paymaster, Sydney W.
Finch, waa killed and the commander.
Captain Francis M. Leake, waa
wonnded. Six Junior olflcera and two
petty olflcera are missing.
ANTWERP, via London, Sept. -
The French legation here officially
confirmed todny the previously an
nounced success of the Anglo-French
troops, who are aald to have brilliantly
driven the Germans back some 15 miles
beyond St. Qnentln, inflicting consid
erable loss.
PARIS, Sept. 6. A Havas agency dis
patch from Petrograd says that the
Novoe Vremya has received a message
from Toklo saying that the British de
stroyer Wellnnd has sunk several Ger
man torpedo-bonts.
PARIS, Sept. 6. A dispatch from
Madrid to the Petit Parislen says that
the new Spanish Ambassador to France,
M.H.Tii. h e v.ililiTn. will hand to
President Polncare a letter which an
authorized person declares will make
an excellent Impression In France.
TOKIO. Sept. 6. The Japanese naval
commander reports that two sea-plane
dirigibles reconnoltered Tslns-Tau, In
lh Rermnn territory of Kiau-Chau,
yesterday, and dropped bombs on the
wireless barracks. One of the sea
planes received 15 shots In Its planes,
bnt both returned safely.
piris. Sent. B. An official com
munication Issued this afternoon says
"The advance lines of the allies for the
defense of Paris came in contact yea
terday wtlh the right wing of the Ger.
mm., wh.. nnneared In a covering
movement In strong force on our right
and advancing toward the southeast. A
short engagement resulted to the no
vantage of the allies."
LONDON, Sept. 8- A Reuter dis
patch from Ostend snys: "In a fierce
tight yesterday near Thlsselt (Bel
glum) the Germans lost 3000 men. The
prisoners were tnken to Antwerp."
LONDON, Sept. 6. Information thnt
reached Dover tonight says that train
service between Paris and Dieppe has
been stopped.
LONDON, Sept. 6. A dispatch to
Reuter'a Telegram Company from Ber
lin by wny of Amsterdam says the Ger
man are attacking the forts at Nancy
and that Emperor William and the
German general staff are present there.
ANTIVARI, Montenegro, via London,
Sept. 6. A bombardment of the fortifi
cations In the bay of Cattaro, Austria
Hungary, from the aea was begun by a
large French fleet which passed north
ward this morning.
CONSTANTINOPLE, via Lonjlon, Sept.
, The Minister of Marine has estab
lished a new forbidden zone of entrance
to the Bosphorus. It stretches from the
Rnmelt Light to Messarburnu, near
Buyuk-Bere, 11 miles northeast of Con
stantinople, a distance of about seven
miles. This considerably enlarges the
forbidden sone.
AMSTERDAM, via Paris, Sept. 6.
The military attache of the United
Stntes here has sent to Washington a
long report concerning the charges
thnt have been made of German atroci
ties In Belgium.
LONDON, Sept. 6. A summary of the
speech of the ..Emperor of Japan, In
which he referred to the extension of
the European war to the Far East, Is
given In a dispatch to the Times from
Toklo. The Emperor asked for whole
hearted co-operation In Japan's cam
paign ngnlnst Germany, "so that the
natlonnl glory will shine throughout
the world."
LONDON, Sept. 6. The Times' corre
spondent at Constantinople thinks the
situation In Turkey with regnrd to a
continuance of neutrality has not Im
proved. The Greek population of many
villages are being removed to defended
places. The Turkish Minister of War,
EnTer Bey, is confined to his home suf
fering from blood poisoning.
LONDON, Sept. 6. In order to asalaf
the army the Admiralty has organized
one marine and two naval brigades
which will have a strength of 15,000
trained men fully equipped for service
In the field.
NEW YORK, Sept. . The steamer
Red Cross, with Its complement of doc
tors and nurses who ore going to the
European battlefield, wnn In rendlness
tonight to sail tomorrow, as had been
announced, but It was decided not to
send the ship to sea until Tuesday
morning.
PEACE IS REBEL PROMISE
Quiet Entry Into Valona, Albania, Is
Agreed Upon.
LONDON, Sept. 6. A Reuter dispatch
from Rome says advices from Valona,
Albania, say that an agreement has
been reached between the people of
Valona and the Insurgents whereby
the latter will enter the town peace
fully. The deposition of the government of
Prince William of Weid being recog
nized, the notables of Valona have
taken possession of the town with
great enthusiasm.
A Havas agency dispatch from Ven
ice, coming by way of Paris, says the
Prince and his family have left Venice
for Switzerland.
France Calls Its Youth.
BORDEAUX Sept. 6. The following
official notice was issued today:
"The official list of young men of
France due to Join the army in 1915
will be published not later than Sep
tember 2.0. The usual period of
months between the publication and
the presentation of the recruits is by
decree shortened to 10 days."
As a consequence about 250.000 men
will be added to the French forces by
September 30. It is expected they
will take the field is a few months.
AUSTRIAN ATTACK
DISMAL FAILURE
5000 Captured Trying
to Rush Russians.
GERMAN AiO URGENTLY ASKED
Trainloads of Ammunition
Taken at Lemburg.
MONTENEGRINS ALSO WIN
Complete Ilout of Austria ns Is Re
ported and Bloody Fighting Con
tinues in Herzegovina; War
Minister Lauds Victors.
PETROGRAD, Sept. S, via London.
"Desperate fighting continues along
the front from Lublin to Kholm, where
the Tenth Austrian army corps made
an attempt to break through the Rus
sian lines," says an official statement
issued here tonight.
"The Austrians were heavily re
pulsed and 5000 were made prisoners.
The Russians secured various docu
ments in which the Austrian Generals
made urgent appeals for help from
Germany.
Thirty Locomotives Taken.
"In Galicia 30 locomotives and an
enormous amount of rolling stock were
captured.
"The Russians entered the railway
station at Lemberg and found It crowd,
ed with trains loaded with ammunition,
dynamite, benzine and medical stores.
The Russians captured the station so
suddenly that three motorcars which
were on the point of leaving fell into
their hands.
Armored Train Beaten Off,
"In the neighborhood of Svolen a
German aeroplane was brought down
and the aviator captured.
"At Vlotslavsk a German armored
train coming from Alexandrovo at
tempted to shell the town, but was
beaten off."
ROUT OF AUSTRIAN'S REPORTED I
Montenegrins Claim Reclsive Victory
In Herzegovina.
ROME, via London, Sept- 6. A dis
patch from Cettlnje to the Messagero
says Montenegrin troops, under com
mand of General Vukotitch, the War
Minister, have defeated the AUstrians
at Boljanltz, In Herzegovina, capturing
all their munitions of war and the com
missariat. The Austrians are said to
have left a large number of dead and
wounded on the field.
"General Vukotitch," the dispatch
(Concluded on Page 4.)
THE FULL DINNER PAIL.
j FARMS J;ggS
L:-. r JS.l. ., . . , . IL L
INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 8
degrees;' minimum, 45 degrees.
TODAY'S "Probably showers; southwesterly
winds.
War.
Britain orders German and Austrian consular
officers out of Egypt. Page 1.
Austrian attempt to break through Russian
line disastrous failure. Page 1.
British estimate losses thus far at 15,000.
Page 1.
Spirit of gayety moves with French capital
to Bordeaux. Page 5.
German Runs' deep- boom dominates in artil
lery duel. Page 2.
News writers Join in statement saying
charges of atrocities against Germans are
not confirmed. Page 4.
National.
President Wilson to forego speaking tour
because of crisis in Europe. Page J-
Domestic.
Militia at Butte arrests two miners on kid
naping charge. Page 2.
Sports.
Coast League results: Portland 3-0. Mis
sions 2-2; Oakland 2-3, Venice 6-4; Los
Angeles 1-2, San Francisco 2-8. Page
Giants and Boston tied for top place. Page 8.
We on as and Bradfords to play for city cham.
piojishlo today. Page 8.
Ten Coast League pitchers make more than
100 strikeouts each. Page 8.
Pacific 'orthwet.
Republicans. Democrats, Progressives and
Socialists to have state-wide primary
election in Washington Tuesday. Page o.
Vancouver's Fair to open today with big
Bend clubs entertain Portland Ad Club
rovallv Pace Si.
New big pavilion for State Fair at Salem Is
Bend welcomes Portland Admen. Page 9.
Portland and Vicinity.
City to celebrate Labor day today. Page 14.
Raymond K. North is on firing line with
British in France. Page 9.
Rev. J. D. Corby declares war does not put
Christianity under test. Page 7.
Dr. Hlnson calls on Americans to show that
peace is holier than war. Page 7.
Ted M. Stiles and Miss Margertte Keyaerts
elope to Vancouver. Page 14.
War sone comedy is Baker Theater's delight
ful opening offering. Page 14.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 5.
"Nigger brown" to be predominant note in
feminine Fall apparel. Page 11.
Moving-picture programmes please. Page .
RECORD DRY SPELL ENDED
Rain Brings Relief to Portland Af
ter 74 Days Drought.
Portland's dry spell of 74 days was
broken by a heavy downpour of rain
last night. For the first time since the
European wars were declared the Duiie
tin board watchers were forced to seek
shelter from the showers.
This period of 74 days is the longest
dry spell in the history of Portland.
The longest prior to this was 67 days.
R.nnrt are that the downpour was
general in Western Oregon as far south
as Ashland.
M0LINEAUXRUNS AMUCK
Defendant in Sensational Murder
Trials Again locked Up by Police.
NEW YORK, Sept. 6. Roland B.
Molineaux, who was acquitted in 1902
of the murder of Mrs. Katherine L.
Adams after two sensational trials,
was detained today by the police of
Babylon, L. I.
Molineaux, who had been undergoing
treatment for a- nervous breakdown,
dashed down the street today, it is
charged, clad In a bathrobe and
trousers and knocked down several
pedestrians, including two women. He
was finally overpowered by a police
man and locked up.
WILSON FOREGOES
SPEAKING TOUR
President to "Stay on
Job" During War.
CONGRESS IS URGED TO HELP
"Time Has Come for Great
Things," Says Letter.
DESTINY LOOMS AT HOME
Period Declared Fateful for United
States, as for Other Nations of'
World Parties Can Fare
Without Nursing.
WASHINGTON, Sept. . President
Wilson announced today he would not
make a speaking tour during the com
ing campaign. He declared his Inten
tion of "staying on the Job" because
of the "unlooked-for international sit
uation." The President made known his in
tentions in a letter to Representative
Doremus, of Michigan, chairman of the
Democratic Congressional committee,
who had written him asking whether
he would make a speaking campaign
this Fall. The correspondence was
made public at the White House today.
"America is greater than any party,"
the President wrote. "America cannot
properly be served by any man who for
a moment measures his Interest against
her advantage. The time has come for
great things. These are days big with
destiny for the United States as for the
other nations of the world. A little
wisdom, a little courage, a little self
forgetful devotion may, under God,
turn that destiny this way or that.
Great hearts, great natures, will re
spond. "Even little men will rejoice to be
stimulated and guided and set an
heroic example. Parties will fare well
enough without nursing if the men
who make them up and the men who
lead them forget themselves to serve
a cause and set a great people forward
on the path of liberty and peace."
Congress Asked to Remain.
Despite his determination to make
no speeches, Mr. Wilson will "take oc
casion as opportunity offers to state
and perhaps restate to the people in
the clearest and most convincing terms
I can command the things which the
Democratic party has attempted to do."
The President asked that Congress
remain to do their work of necessary
and pressing service and bring It to a
successful conclusion." He said, how-
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Sunday's War Moves
MOVEMENTS, the strategical import
of which only the future can deter
mine, appear to be engrossing the con
tending armies in France and Belgium.
No decisive test of strength has been
brought on for four or five days; so
far as has been permitted to become
known, although several sharp engage
ments have been fought. It is made
to appear, however, that the German
armies, probably now four in number,
have let Paris alone for a time and are
moving in a general southeasterly di
rection. The official British report
sums this move up by saying that
whether the change of tactics is due
to opposition encountered on the front
or to some other reason of strategy
cannot yet be told with certainty.
Fighting is continuing in Lorraine
and the Vosgcs. Other engagements are
seemingly more or less local in char
acter, but bear out the news of the
change of direction in the German
movement.
The allied armies defending the roads
to Paris again have come Into contact
with the German right wing on the
banks of the River Grand Morln, which
runs oast and west, somewhat south of
the Paris line.
An official statement issued by the
French war office says the allies ad
vance troops came into touch with the
German forces, which seem to be cov
erlng on the River Ourcq towards the
southwest the movement of the main
body of the German right wing, and a
small engagement resulted in an ad
vantage to the French.
The town of Maubeuge, where it Is
reported British troops are assisting
the French garrison, Is said to bo still
resisting the German assault.
The Russian general staff continues
to reiterate accounts of the victories
in Galicia, and now declares provisions
for a full year were captured when
Lemberg fell. An account from
Cettlnje by way of Rome says Mon
tenegrlns inflicted a decisive defeat
on Austrians in Herzegovina, capturing
munitions of war and the commls
sariat. Sanguinary fighting continues
in this section. The Montenegrins are
said to be trying to occupy Grahovo.
Further confirmation Is received of
movement of Cossacks Into the west
ern scene of war operations, by wny of
England. Vance Thompson, an Amer
lean writer, who arrived yesterday in
New York on the Kroonland, says he Is
certain there are 150,000 of them who
already have crossed the channel and
already are at the rear of the German
army in France. Archangel Is given
as the point from which they sailed.
This is a port on the White Sea, and If
a great army has been transported
from there, as these reports have it.
the movement Is destined to be re
corded as among the marvels of mill
tary history. Even now no word Is
permitted to come out of England or
France that would confirm or refute
the story.
The British official war information
bureau has Issued a long general sur
vey of he operations of the British
army during the past week and In ad
dition a list of British casualties, which
shows a total of more than 15,000 men
up to September 1. The statement
which is based on a report from Field
Marshal Sir John French, commander
of the British forces at the front,
speaks highly of the spirit of the
British soldiers and their achieve
ments. It declares that while the
British losses are heavy they are not
one-third of the losses inflicted by the
British troops on the GermanB. The
statement closes with a call for more
men.
Turkey's intention to enter the war
on the side of Germany and Austria
Hungary is so far credited In Great
Britain that yesterday the Consular of
ficers of the dual alliance were ordered
to leave Egypt. Germans have been
accused of trying to foment dissen
sion against the British protectorate
for months past. News has reached
Egypt that the Sultan is friendly to
Germany and her ally; the Egyptian
natives are reported to be uneasy. The
effort to foment trouble has taken, a
religious as well as a social and po
litical direction.
Roumania has let it be known that
In the event she decides to abandon
her present position of neutrality, she
will be guided by the example of Italy
in taking sides in the war. This aligns
her with the entente. That Spain
may contemplate action of some kind
is indicated by a cryptic dispatch from
Madrid to a Paris newspaper, which
says that the Spanish Ambassador is
going to hand President Polncare a
letter "which an authorised person de
clares will make an excellent Impres
sion in France." The nature of this
letter can only be surmised in the ab
sence of fuller details.
Antwerp now awaits an attack which
it regards as imminent. Judging from
recent activity of German aviators
over the city and its vicinity. People
who can are leaving for Holland. The
wealthier citizens of Ghent are fleeing
to England. Amsterdam Is taking
further measures for defense. It is
surmised by some that the German
plan of menacing Antwerp does not ex
tend further than is necessary to en
gage Belgian attention and prevent a
diversion of forces Into the greater
zone of action.
The German Reichstag;, represented
by members of all parties, has promised
its full support to whatever measures
the Minister of Marine might deem
necessary. Appropriations will be
made for the replacement of the ships
which have been lost and to carry out
the programme of construction already
arranged.
France is calling out the 1915 re
cruits, and In this way will add 250,000
men to her forces within a few months.
These youths will be notified by Sep
tember 20 and Instead of having sev
eral months in which to prepare will
be expected to report In ten days, the
peace-time period of notice having been
cut down by decree.
t
BRITAIN MOVES TO
SAFEGUARD EGYPT
German-Austrian Con
suls Expelled,
HOSTILE PROPAGANDA FEARED
Allies Want United States to
Protect Christians.
ROUMANIA CHANGES MIND
Country, if II Abandons Neutrality.
Will Follow Italy, and Announce
ment May Keep Bulgaria
From Entering -irlfc.
WASHINGTON. Sept. . German and
Austrian consular officers have been
ordered by British authorities to leave
Egypt at once.
Roumania has announced officially
lhat if she abandons her position of
neutrality. It will be to follow the
course taken by Italy.
Great Britain has Informed the
United States that she would look wtlh
favor on the sending of American war
ships to Turkish ports to car for
Christians In case there waa a Moham
medan uprising against them.
Turk i i.-.l to Klakt.
These developments In the highly
critical situation brought about hy the
feeling of the Triple Entente that Tur
key Is certain to Join the conflict on
the side of Oermany and Austria were
conveyed today In official dispatches
to the United States Government.
Great Britain's expulsion of German
and Austrian consular officers waa
taken here to mean that she had de
termined to put an end to the pro
German propaganda which she says the
consular officers have been circulating
since the outhreak of hostilities. The
affaire of Egypt, a semi-sovereign
state, under the sovereignty of the Sul
tan, practically have been administered
by Great Britain ever since the hom
bardment of Alexandria and the sup
pression of the Arabic Insurrection 32
years ago.
ItellBlou FrrllnK MIrred.
The natives have never entirely lost
their aversion, however, for the In
truders, and Britain believes Germany
has for a decade been busy fomenting
anti-English feeling. Word of the Sul
tan's friendliness of late to Germany
and Austria Is believed by British of
ficials to have been spread to Egypt,
an appeal being made not only to the
Nationalist sentiment of the natives,
but their religious feelings.
Franco openly has charged In her
communications with the American
Government that the German propa
ganda is astir inciting Mohammedan
uprisings, not only in Egypt, but In In
dia and Turkey.
Allies Losk to Vailed States.
The intimation from Great Britain
that she would be pleased to see Amer
ican warshipa in Turkish ports la In
line with what France Informed the
United States two weeks ago. Various
nations have declared In view of the
appeal that has been mado to the Mo
hammedans they feared a general up
rising against Christians. On account
of the delicacy of their position they
feared to send warships for the care of
Christians lest the move be misinter
preted as a generally hostile measure
tdward Turkey.
England, France and Russia have re
Iterated that they wished to do noth
ing which might aggravate Turkey to
abandon her position of neutrality. All
three nations, therefore, now are look
ing to the United States to protect
their subjects in case the expected Mo
hammedan uprising develops.
While the cruiser North Carolina
has been sent on a mission of relief
It generally Is understood she will
rendesvou in Eaatern Mediterranean
waters for salutary effect of her
presenoe. There Is even talk of send
ing the Tenneasee with her, so as to
be ready for any emergency In Egypt
Egypt Causes Apprehension.
Great Britain Is somewhat appre
hensive, it Is understood, about the
possible Insurrection against her rule
In Egypt. Khedive Abbas, the native
ruler, Is said to be sympathetic with
Germany and Austria, having received
his education In the latter country and
being related closely by blood to the
reigning house of Turkey. Egypt s
population of 11,000,000 Is nine-tenths
Moslem. England has only 5000 troops
In Egypt but has trained 30,000 Sou
danese. Much will depend on the at
titude of the native troops.
The Issue whether Turkey will Join
the conflict may depend finally on the
attitude of the Balkan states and Italy.
Koiimasls reuses surprise.
The anouncement by Roumania of
her Intention to follow Italy was re
garded as meaning that both countries
would side with Great Britain. France
and Russia. Roumanla's position Is
somewhat of a surprise, for It waa be
lieved she might be swayed by her
secret alliance with Austria. Her op
position to the porte. however, baa
determined her policy.
Turkey ha felt certain that Bul
garia would fight with her, but the an
nouncement of Roumania, It Is thought.
may effect a change. With Qreece,
Servla. Montenegro, Italy and Rou-
anla Joined solidly against th Otto-
msn empire, Bulgaria's Slavic sym
pathies may cause her to withhold
from the conflict entirely.