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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 5. 1914.
Entered at Portland. Oregon, Postoftice as
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Dally, without Sunday, one month I 00
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PORTLAND. SAICRUAY, SKIT. S. 1814.
MB. BOOTH'S ADDRESS.
The unadorned facts about Mr.
Booth's life and record are that he
has risen from a boyhood or penury
and hardship to a manhood of influ
ence and moderate affluence. He was
thrown on his -own resources at an
early age. He" worked in the fields and
ir the shop. He was harvest hand,
salesman, school teacher, ranchman,
bookkeeper, storekeeper, banker, mill
man. He was never idle. He was able
to depend on others little, or not at
all; but others were dependent on him.
He learned many things by personal
contact with facts and conditions, so
that when his opportunity came to
him he had the courage and pres
cience to seize it. It came through the
undeveloped lumber industry in the
Willamette Valley. Mr. Booth was the
pioneer in the creation of the export
lumber trade for that part of Oregon.
He and his partners built up a large
business. Their methods were open
and straightforward. They never ex
ploited the Government or the people
lor their holdings. They bought their
timber lands in the open market. In
more than ninety-nine Instances out
of a hundred the patents had either
been granted or were "in process to
ward patent before the Booth-Kelly
Company had even been organized.
Title to less than one-tenth of 1 per
cent of the properties of the company
was ever attacked or questioned from
any source. The Booth-Kelly Com
pany grew by natural and legitimate
methods, until it became a large and
prosperous concern, employing many
hundreds of people and contributing
to the welfare of the communities that
sprang up about the respective seats
of its operations, and earning and hav
ing the confidence and respect of all
persons in its employ and all others
cognizant of its workings.
All these interesting details of a
creditable and successful business ca
reer in Oregon were brought out in
the address at Albany last night, of
Robert A. Booth, Republican candi
date for United States Senator, except
that the speaker indulged in no com
pliments for himself and claimed no
credit for the things he had done. He
had been called Upon to give a per
sonal accounting of himself, and he
did it. He furnished a plain narrative
of his career. The statement bore the
unmistakable stamp of sincerity and
truth. It was obvious that the speaker
was not seeking to hide anything, and
It was equally clear, when he con
cluded, that there was nothing to hide.
It was a remarkable performance and
it carried conviction.
Mr. Booth became a candidate- for
United States Senator in response tg
a call from his neighbors and from
other citizens throughout Oregon. All
his active life he has been interested
in public affairs and has been promi
nent in many public movements.
Though he had practically re
tired from business, he was yet
in the prime of life and it was
thought that the public would
benefit by service in high offi
cial place of a man of his energy,
character and demonstrated ability.
He knew Oregon thoroughly and un
derstood and supported every effort
for its gTowth and improvement. He
had a broad and catholic symr)athy
with the desire of the employed class
to better its condition, for he had
never permitted his experiences as an
employer to warp his opinions or
prejudice his Judgment. He has a
record as a State Senator for inde
pendent and considerate action upon
every measure affecting the laboring
class and upon every other measure
related to the larger interests of the
people as a whole. He was frank and
outright as a Senator, and he never
deceived any one as to where he stood
on any question. It iytrue, too, that
in his dealings with his own employes
he was fair and generous; and it Is a
rare tribute to him that the people
who know him Including those in all
parts of Oregon who have at any time
known him are most earnest in their
desire for his election.
Mr. Booth is a Republican and has
long been. He is the Republican can
didate. He believes that it is impor
tant to the well-being of state and Na
tion that the principles for which the
Republican party stands be readopted
as the cardinal policies of the Govern
ment. He made in his Albany ad
dress a concise review of the platform
upon which he stands with his party
and a sound statement of the reasons
why a Republican Senator should be
It is the common expression that it
is a Republican year. The reasons are
everywhere recognized. The Demo
cratic party has failed in its control 'of
Government to sustain the prosperity
of the people. Its roseate promises
! of a lower cost of living and the ex
pectations of a permanent Job for
every industrious worker, at a living
wage, have not been fulfilled. The
; tariff has been a disappointment, and
worse. It has led directly to indus
trial paralysis, widespread idleness, in
creasing discontent. The tariff grossly
and unfairly discriminates against the
farmer and the producer, and it does
nothing for the consumer or the la
borer. It is the source of empty pock
ets and demoralteed markets. It is
one great cause of conditions with
which all are familiar and which may
be ended only by a policy which will
protect American industry and Amer
ican labor against the competition at
home of the products of foreign cheap
The appeal for Mr. Booth's election
as Senator rests, however, on no nar
row partisan basis. But the Orego
nian thinks that the principles wh'ich
he declares and upholds, and through
which the American people have
thrived and matured, are essential to
their welfare. He is a worthy and
efficient exponent of them, and he will
do his share In the Senate to make
them effective. The Oregonian thinks
the election of such a man, committed
to definite constructive policies and
opposed to the policy, of recession
a'nd reaction promulgated by the
party in power, is of direct concern to
every citizen of Oregon. j
Paris may be yielded without
siege if the Germans succeed in
piercing the outer lines. This is to
prevent heavy destruction of prop
erty by artillery fire, according to the
latest amazing reports from France.
It is also recorded that the Germans
from the North are almost within
striking distance of the French capi
tal and that the assault of the outer
works may be an accomplished fact
before many weeks.
If the French intend to give Paris
up without desperate resistance the
French strategists must be banking
on the allies to change the situation
later. But if the French feel that they
cannot prevent the capture and at
the same time are confident that the
Germans will wear themselves down
in time, the surrender of Paris might
be a less serious matter than that of
having the city raked by shell fire.
It would take immense German
forces to maintain a line of communi
cation with Germany and hold the
positions gained. At the same time
the French and their allies in France
would be free to harass the German
invaders in the north .while heavy
French offensive movements in the
south were being1 pushed home on
Alsace-Lorraine. At the same time
the Russians would be burrowing
their way toward Berlin, the British
and French fleets would keep the
Germans and Austrians isolated
from sources of fresh supplies and
the issue might be turned to one of
final exhaustion. The Germans have
a long dark road to travel before they
can hope to master Europe.
OPERA AND -WAR.
The devastations of war are not
confined to battlefields nor to the do
mains of the belligerents. They cross
the ocean and invade realms where
the simple-minded would never have
looked for them. The Chicago opera,
for example, has been blighted by the
clash of arms in Europe. Like other
American artistic and musical enter
prises, the Chicago grand opera de
pends almost entirely upon European
talent. Its tenors are Italians and
Frenchmen. Its basses are Germans.
Its sopranos are as apt to be Bohe
mians as of any other nationality.
War has seized upon most of them
with its irexorable grasp, and this
Winter Chicago shall know them not.
Muratore, the romantic tenor, is un-H
der arms protecting La Belle ranee
from the raging Teuton. His devoted
spouse, Lina Cavalieri, is not far be
hind him at the seat ol war nursing
the wounded under the banner of the
Red Cross. And so it goes down the
list. Prettv nearly every man on the
opera company's roll has been drafted
into the ranks.
Not all the golden-throated women
are Red Cross nurses, but some of
them are, and the others are so de
pressed by the events of the war that
they do not feel like tuning up this
Winter. They have broken fhelr con
tracts and will stay at home. Temper
ament triumphs over self-interest.
They have hung their harps on the
willowB and will wait for happier days
before they touch again the tuneful
strings. Satfh has been the defection
that there will be no Chicago grand
opera this Winter.
The compary of great artists which
has been used to pursue its career
from ocean to ocean collecting afflu
ent tribute as it sped on its gilded
way has been dissipated into its pri
meval elements and those elements
have either become food for powder
or remain in melancholy retirement
at home in German villages or French
chateaux. The whole world Is bound
together by cords that cannot be sev
ered. No country liveth unto itself or
dieth unto itself. When Kaisers fight
in Europe America mourns not alone
for the irrecoverable dead, but for
beauty lost and blasted hopes of hap
Nohodv reallv wants to grow old.
Everybody would quaff of the foun
tain of perpetual youtn n ne Knew
t,hoi-o it hnnhled forth and had the
money to pay his fare to the magic
spot. And yet, eager us we all are to
preserve the purple bloom of youth
a-n r.nt off the dav of reckoning with
the King of Terrors, few are willing
to take the trouble to aiseuncen nis
attacks upon us. Death advances fn
iiinnnahr month bv month and most
k thir bad habits of eating.
i - - 7 - , I
drinking and general behavior smoouy
i l- V.a Viaart rf tYia bodilv I'it- I
HIS jaill IU Lilt, livo. - j
g:,,t-k- ninp nprsnn out of every ten
die long before their appointed time,
mi ...rtT,. llwh, mi Vtalf their davs.
and'the fault is their own. If thejr
would take a little thougnt ior wnai
they eat and drink old age would be
driven into disgraceful retreat and
happiness would descend upon their
radiant heads up to the age oi a nuw
dred, or perhaps even two hundred
t.o fnd(irn science much as it is
reviled nowaday, gives good hope"
that sometime we snau an ruunu uui
two full centuries before we die.
It is all a matter of diet. The Bible
stories of the long-lived patriarchs
may not be mythical. Those venerable
oiiarnftPT-9 seem to have discovered
by the unaided light of common sense
what science is now trying to arive
into our heads with mallets and chis-
..u. nrxt fnr thp most nart trvine- in
vain. Methuselah is no vain figment
of the imagination. mis lengm ul
days is readily attainable if people
wiil only regulate their diet sagely.
The main thing is to avoid proteins
of the wrong kind. Protein is the
food element in lean meat. It is also
abundant in beans, peas and peanuts
and fairly well supplied in cheese. The
evil proteins are those in lean meat.
If we devour them in our daily bills
of fare they cause bright's disease,
arterio-sclerosis and all those miseries
by whatever name they go, which
mean "snilitv." Senilitv is Dremature
old age. A young man may be senile
owing to his pernicious ways ot uie.
An old man may be youthful fn all
tvint makes life desirable. Schoolboys
are often senile. Tou can tell their
condition by the cigarettes nanging
asinlnely from their lips and their
Arterio-sclerosis merns "hardening
of the arteries." Everybody knows the
maxim that "a person is no older than
his arteries." If the blood vessels are
hard and brittle death is not far away.
If they are elastic the years stretch
out invitingly ahead. Many a banker
of full diet and Indolent habits has
passed away prematurely from hard
ening of the arteries. Had he eaten
more fruit and less lean meat he
would have lived longer and made
The discovery that lean meat fs bad
for us all cornea most happily in these
days of high prices. We can combine
economy with health in an unusually
agreeable manner. As our purses
shrink our lives will ttretch out under
the salutary influences of pulse and
cheese, just as Daniel's did in the Old
Testament. Try for once making a
dinner of raisins, cantelope and a few
graham crackers and see how sweet
your dreams will be, how refreshed
you will waken at dawn and how
courageously you will confront the
trials of the new day.
SO PER CENT RIGHT.
As the dry spell lengthens we be
come more inclined to blame some
one. Hence the frequent jibes at the
weatherman. His is not an exact sci
ence it is true, and the Government
does not expect him to be right more
than four times out of five in his fore
casts. But when everyone is praying
for rain the 20 per cent error in prom
ises is likely to exasperate.
Tet what the Weather Bureau says
today about the probability of show
ers tomorrow is not a matter .of great
practical benefit. Its forecasts in re
lation to slight precipitation are per
haps the least of its functions. So
long as the Bureau Is accurate in its
larger duties it is an invaluable branch
of Governmental service.'
The money the local weather bu
reau has saved the Oregon public is
doubtless the equivalent of a great
fortune. Its storm warnings are a
protection to shipping; its river read
ings give advance notice of high water,
without which much merchandise and
other movable property on the water
front would be destroyed; its fore
casts of late frosts enable the or
chardist to take means to save his
budding fruit. The bureau is and lias
been a reliable guide and a safeguard
So why should anybody really care
if the weatherman's participation in
our most cherished daily discussion
raises false but immaterial hopes oc
casionally? Let us console ourselves
witti the thought that if everybody
scored SO per cent in his place in life
there would be no failures, no poverty,
no pestilence, no war. What a grand
world it would be!
"How do you justify the exemption
of $50,000 spent for diamonds in 'act
ual use' but insist that $1500 spent for
a dwelling house in 'actual use' must
pay taxes?" asks Mr. U'Ren, in a let
How does Mr. U'Ren justify the ex
emption of $50,000 spent for cocoanut
groves in Oregon? There are just as
many men with $50,000 invested in
cocoanut groves as there are men with
$50,000 laid out in diamonds for show,
by which is meant diamonds in "act
ual use." In other, words, there are
We are sorry to observe that Mr.
U'Ren persists in his campaign of mis
representation of established facts.
The exemption of "millions of dollars
in money" which he asks us to justify
does not exist. Much money escapes
taxation, it is true, but it is done by
avoidance of law persisted in by rich
and moderately well-to-do, and even
by the comparatively poor, with equal
diligence. It is not "exempt."
The State Tax Commission has pre
sented a constitutional amendment
which, if adopted, would authorize en
actment of laws that would insure the
taxation of money. This amendment
has been before the people more than
once before and Mr. U'Ren has con
sistently and Energetically fought it.
At his door may be truthfully placed
responsibility for much of the inequal
ities of the present tax system in Ore
gon. He has opposed every tried and
rational means of .reforming taxation
and has confused the voters with vis
ionary schemes which, whatever else
they would do, would provide more of
the inequalities he now condemns'.
His single tax measure defeated two
years ago would have exempted struc
tures like the Teon building, while the
man in the cottage would have re
ceived only a few hundred dollars ex
emption. Under his $1500 exemption
measure only the man' who owns
$1500 worth of improvements and per
sonal property would obtain a $1500
exemption. The man who owns no im
provements would get no exemption
at all, but if he owns land he would
pay higher taxes than he does now.
We do not have to ask Mr. U'Ren
hw he would justify this sort of in
equality. He is a single taxer. He be
lieves in confiscation of land by taxa
tion. HEROES OF PEACE AND WAR.
While the newspapers are filled
with stories of the heroes of war, let
fc tint fnre-pt. the heroes of peace.
When St. Helens Hall took fire, Mrs.
E. Collins was awakened from sleep
in those coldest hours just before
rtnwn when fear most easily seizes
on the mind. She no sooner smelled
smoke than she rushed through the
building and awakened the otner in
matAs -Sister Superior Julia Francis
attempted to save some papers from
the office and drew back only when
she was confronted by a wall of
rn nf the favorite apologies for
war is that it brings into play that
rmalitv of braverv which wouia in
time" of peace become atrophied, by
inaction. The reply is to De iouna in
the story" of. Mrs. Collins' and Sister
s,inrinr Julia Francis' action. The
ways of peace call into action a far-
higher quality of courage tnan war
with its frenzy of battle. In truth.
th ronrae-e which in cold ' blood
rushes to the rescue of a person
from drowning- or from tire is iar
superior in moral quality to that
courage, inspired by the contention
and din of battle, which drives a
man to feats' or daring. War may
nnt ho p-rtineuished for many years.
and its brave deeds will continue to
be related in history and poetry, but
were war to cease tomorrow peace
,.,,iyt .nil havp its heroes, the more
renowned because they saved life, in
stead of destroying it.
CHILE AS TRADE FIELD.
Chile presents a good field for ex
tension of American commerce, espe
cially in commodities hitherto im
ported from Germany, that country
having provided $29,000,000 of im
ports to Chile out of a total of $120,
200,000 in 1913. Of the steamers en
tered at Valparaiso in a typical year,
156 were German, ,two Austrian and
296 British. As the German steamers
are likely to have been pressed Into
naval service or to have been re
gained in port, a gap is left open for
American vessels to nil.
The United States can supply many
of the commodities hitherto imported
from Germany, which, include neces
sary staples, and the imports of lum
ber from the. North Pacific coast,
which now total 70,000,000 feet, can
be increased. Chile imports large
quantities of woolen goods, which Ore
gon mills should be able to supply.
American steamers could bring re
turn cargoes of nitrates, for which a
market must be found to replace that
lost in Europe. Nitrates could be
used as fertilizer in this country as
they are in Europe. Wool might be
imported to mix with that of this
country, and a market always exists
for hides in the United States.
Those who seek to do business with
Chile must 'expect to give long cred
its. European exporters have done
business on a basis of 90 days' sight
draft on London or Hamburg, which
is eo.ual to seven or eight months'
time, or on six months' credit o open
account, and Chileans ask Americans
to adopt the same terms, but the
Chamber of Commerce of the 'United
States believes they would be satisfied
with a uniform 90-day credit system.
Probably if direct relations were
established with Chilean houses and
a direct steamship line were to run
to Valparaiso a market might be
found for Oregon fruit, furniture and
other manufactures of wood.
Public librarians say that only
about a third of the schoolchildren of
the United States ever read any sen
sible books. The other two-thirds
read trash if they read anything. The
librarians blame parents who allow
their children to buy vile books be
cause they are cheap. There is a
Macedonian call to parents to work
with librarians for reform in this
John Bernhard's Ideas are expect
ed to revive the decayed traffic on
the Mississippi River. He has set up
a line of light draft, gasoline-propelled
boats which tow flat-bottomed
barges. In this way a great load of
heavy freight can he carried through
shallow water. Bernhard's experi
mental line plies between New Or
leans and St. Paul.
The Servian boast from Nish that
they killed 140,000 out of 180,000
Austrians is absurd on its face. The
principal defect in the tale is that the
Austrians would not stand to face
such losses nor would any other
army in the world, for that matter.
Transportation of Russian troops
through the Arctic and North seas to
Belgian ports probably explains the
silence about the whereabouts of the
British fleet. A strong squadron would
be necessary to convoy safely the fleet
of transports carrying 80,000 troops.
The belligerents paraphrase the ex
clamation of the boy who is swimming
to his chum who hesitates on the
bank. They say to Italy, Sweden, Tur
key, Bulgaria and Greece: "Come on
in; the fighting's fine."
All the belligerents having entrust
ed their diplomatic affairs to the
American Ambassadors In each oth
er's capitals, Uncle Sam figures as
the friend of all concerned.
Turkey objects to the presence in
the Dardanelles of an American war
ship which we have dispatched. Very
well, then, we shall not send our war
ship in. So there, now! t
Efforts are being made to lure the
Swedes and Finns into the fight. The
Swedes and Finns would do well to
continue with their fishing and other
The report that the German advance
is weakening must be taken with a
grain of salt at this time. Troops
flushed by victory after victory do not
At last Italy has shown her hand.
She will participate in the Panama
Fair. Which, of course, is far more
profitable than participating in the
The war which Germany is making
on the allies is mild compared with
that which the Kaiser's troops made
on Richard Harding Davis.
English censorship is said to be
hurting her relations with Italy. Let
us hope something happens to break
this rigid censorship idea.
When the Nation , faced a deficit
President Cleveland forced a bond is
sue. He was a Democratic President
who possessed nerve.
It is taking old J. Pluvius a long
time to tune up. But once he gets
into action.we may wonder why we
ever craved rain.
French field officers report having
checked the German advance at Ver
dun. But that is not the point of-real
Paris mav be yielded after the first
works are taken. Is it possible the
French have had about enough al
ready? The State Fair will not begin for
more than three weeks, which is a
long time to wait for rain.
Commissioner Brewster is hard
hearted. He might let each employe
off on his own birthday.
The School Board faces the old vex
ation of lack of room, the barometer
of Portland's growth.
Austria began this war to punish
Servia, but Austria seems, to be get
ting the punishment.
The nation which wins the victories
is the one which can get its news past
the censors first.
If Richard Harding Davis is not
careful he will become an interna
The allies have checked both wings
of the German army, but cannot grab
The prune market is slow. Perhaps
the consumers are already full of
The flower of the Austrian army
has been ground to impalpable fine
ness. Still, Doc Cook would be able to
send dispatches right from the firing
Like some virulent disease in the
family, the war is spreading.
But just wait until the unspeakable
Turk gets into action.
Half a Century Ago Th and Now-
I RUe of tkr Theater.
From The Oregonian of Sept. 6, 1864.
Olympta The capital of Washington
was connected with the world by tele
graph yesterday. The last stretch of
wire was put in to the great rejoicing
of the people.
At the risk of being charged with
forever harping on the same string we
again recur to the question of opening
up the Willamette River, so that
steamers and vessels of every
character can reach Portland in any
and all stages of water. There is no
responsible head to the work now
under way and we insist thar" a public
meeting be called and a committee
named and a scheme for the consumma
tion of the project be formulated. It
is a matter for every man in the city.
Samuel Colt, member-elect to the
State Legislature from Baker County,
was in the city yesterday, stopping at
the Western Hotel, on his way to the
capital. Mr. Colt brings with him at
testable proofs of the loyalty of his
constituency and at the same time a
most curious and rich collection of
placer quartz, which are contributed
to the State Sanitary Fair by residents
of the Humboldt Basin.
The new steamer Cascades arrived
at the Couch wharf yesterday. Tom
Wright is' her captain.
The Turnverein Association is re
moving its hall from Second street,
corner of B, to the newly selected site
at First, between Oak and Pine. The
work was halted yesterday, however,
when the entire roof of the hall fell
to the street. No one was hurt.
The case of the United States vs. Ed
ward Tichnor for recovery of ' timber
was dismissed in Judse Deady's Fed
eral Court yesterday.
We were favored with several light
showers yesterday. The showers were
much in resemblance to the celebrated
BE IS MERELY WORKER IN RANKS
Mr. Bnr.ee Indorses 1500 Exemption
Because It Meets Socialist Demand.
PORTLAND, Sept. 4. (To the Ed
itor.) Here's to be square with Mr.
Rigby: I do my own thinking. I have
never rea"a Henry George's theory of
single tax; I am primarily a Socialist,
hence cannot answer his question- in
telligently. Let others name it
I had nothing to do with the draft
ing and management of the $1500 ex
emption measure, except to make an
expense donation of $1. signing the
petition and solicit one book of signa
tures. I favor the measure because It
will tend to reduce speculation in land,
one of the chief factors of life, which
speculation all Socialists oppose.
Legislation by the initiative Is
strictly non-partisan. In a small way
every one is a "shaper of public
opinion." I suppose, for this reason,
my otherwise unidentified entity must
I am not now and never have drawn
"my living from organ. zed labor," ex
cept at such times as I may have em
ployed it for a wage on the farm.
And, what is more, this $1500 exemp
tion will, when it becomes a law, In
crease my taxes along with all who
hold unoccupied land. In land-holding
I am only playing the game forced
upon me by a majority party. I al
ways vote to have the game discon
tinued. This $1500 exemption will have a
tendency to put all unoccupied land on
the market at a remunerative price for
the one who purchases and works It.
Everyone willing to live and let live
should agree to this. As a citizen I do
not allow my personal Interest to
"cloud or befog the question." Can Mr.
Rigby say as much?
Now. in the final analysis, I heartily
agree with Mr. -igby that there are
"but two real" party principles to con
sider; but we disagree when I say they
are not the twin sisters of capitalism.
Republican and Democrat, but the cap
italist and Socialist parties.
We are agreed again that the ma
jority should rule, but we disagree
when I grant the minority the right to
revolutionize society; except, possibly,
when It applies to the Lincoln - Re
publican third party which fought the
Civil War, which party would undoubt
edly have lost out in the following elec
tion had secession not brought about
the disfranchisement of the Southern
States during Lincoln's Administration.
The same condition, applies to the
equal suffrage amendment, which was
defeated some six times by the same
citizens who afterward, by their bal
lots, wrote it in the constitution of
Oregon, never to be defaced. Had the
"people" previously "made a careful
study of the subject." or was this a
"jumped-at conclusion." or does he oajl
equal suffrage "minority rule"?
There Is yet another point on which
we may agree. 1. e.. his inability "to
argue to any successful conclusion the
position he holds on the land-tax ques
tion. If he takes issue with me on.
this point I will meet him where space
in print is not an object. He may
name the time and place when I will
"n-et off the fence," which he inti
mates I am straddling, and I will ex
plain the "intricacies" of the land
question to his audience. I will dis
cuss the $1500 exemption, proportional
representation, the "right to work" or
any other measure or question coming
before the people en which we may
differ, not asking any help front
any "couterie et. al.," if he will accept
my challenge. This will not be done In
the spirit of a job hunter but as an
independent private citizen. Among
other things, this will give Mr. Rigby a
chance to tell why a Democrat (Mr
Hanley) should not run as a Roosevelt
man (Progressive) for United States
Senator. C. . BARZEE.
Appeal to Women.
PORTLAND. Sept. 4. (To the Edi
tor) The State Woman's Republican
Club desires to urge all Republican
women to stand firm by the party and
not be foolishly caught by. the non
partisan bee that is beginning to buzz.
This non-partisan bee is from the
hive of the minority party, sent out to
catch easy-mark Republicans, as this
Is their only chance to win, since in
this state,' two-thirds of the voters reg
ularly registered are Republicans.
Ladies, don't be easy marks; but let
us stand Arm at the wheel; elect a
straight Republican ticket and by so
doing "Set the wheels of prosperity
going," and fill the now empty dinner
pail. ' .
We cannot close this communication
without a word to the defeated candi
dates, who have so loyally come out
and announced their readiness to work
In support of the Republican nominees.
To them we give three cheers and a
tiger, and may all defeated Republican
candidates follow their example. Keep
the good work going
LAURA B. BARTLETT.
I nlnwful to Wear Aigrettes.
PORTLAND, Sept. 3. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly inform me whether it is
illegal to wear a heron aigrette which
has been In possession of a citizen of
this state for over three years.
If, by wearing same, would It be
In danger of confiscation?
Tes to both questions.
Training; School for Emlgrnnta.
An "overseas training school for
women" has been started near Woking.
England. It la designed for educated
women who Intend to emigrate. The
subjects taught will be cooking, bread
making, washing, housecleaning, poultry-keeping,
One hundred and
ago today the first
theater In the
United States was
opened in the Col
ony of Virginia at
The originator was
an English actor,
William H a 1 1 a n.
Sr., who brought
his own company
from over-seas and
Merchant of Ven
ice" as the Initial
idea spread rapid
ly, and soon New
and the other lead
ing communities of
each had their the
aters. At the close
ot the century
theaters were open
in the capitals of
nearly all the 11
While the Virgin
ian playhouse was
the first in the
United States, ac
tors had played in
the colonies before
this date. The first
is said to have
been the English
Anthony As ton.
who was known as
Mat Medley. The
actor and his art
of that day was
by the puritani
cal colonists. . The
a law shortly after
Orphans" at the
Coffee - House in
Boston in 1749.
attaching a pen
alty for actors and
spectators alike of
5 pounds sterling
each. The opposi
tion in Philadel
phia was so great
that Hallam was
compelled to build
his theater in 1759
outside of the city
proper, in a dis
trict then in dis
repute and known
as Southwark, or
Even then vigor
ous efforts were
made to close the
theater. A peti
tion was addressed
to Judxe William
Allen, who refused
to act, declaring
that he .had ob
moral lessors from
attending the the
ater than from any
sermons he had
heard In church.
Today the the
is a huge indus
try. In which more
Is invested. There
are In the United
States over 3000
counting the 10,-
000 or more mov
ing picture tnea
ters, or circuses
and halls for gen
meat. It has been
during a good
there are more
than 25.000 actors
and actresses de
and dancing before
the American peo
ple. One ot the
modern features of
the profession is
the traveling com
pany, of which
there are nearly
1000. The esti
mated value of the
3000 theaters is
while It requires
ly to pay the play
ers' salaries. About
$60,000,000 is dis
the thousands of
advertising and to
defray the cost of
plays. Today as a
class actors and
actresses are no
ot society. The
most exclusive so
ciety circles have
been opened to ad
mit them, and
there are In
stances where men
and women of
noble birth have
given their social
station for a ca
reer on the stage.
have deserted their
pulpits, for the
boards, while ac
tors have aban
doned the spot
light to' take up
careers In the
church. Stars of
realm, as well as
the lesser lights of
the chorus, have
sung and danced
their way into the
ranks of royalty
and the nobility,
rapt to mention the
rhultl - millionaire
set. Kings have'
granted them pat
ents of nobility
and learned socie
ties and Institu
tions have deco
rated them witb
medals and scho
UPHOLDING RECKLESS WORDS
Mr. I 'Hen Tries to Edge Out by De
nying Thlna-a Public Records Prove.
OREGON CITY, Or., Sept. 3. (To the
Editor.) You are mistaken In saying
there were 16 Democrats in the House
of Representatives in 1901; those from
Multnomah County were not democrats,
but were fusionists, elected by a com
bination of the Mitchell Republicans,
Democrats and other elements opposed
to the Simon Republicans. The effect
of this fusion Influenced the election
of members In the succeeding two elec
tions. Were there 59 Republicans In the
House in 1907? How many Democrats
were In the House In 1909 and 1911'.'
How many Prohibitionists or Social
ists have ever been elected to the
House or Senate In Oregon?
As to the $1500 tax exemption. How
do you justify exemption of $60,000
spent for diamonds In "actual Use,"
but Insist that $1500 spent for dwelling-house
In "actual use" must pay
taxes? How do you justify exemption
of millions of dollars in money, but in
sist that $1500 spent for clearing a
farm must pay taxes? How do you
Justify exemption of $3000 In household
goods In "actual use," but insist that
$1500 spent for a dairy In "actual use"
must pay taxes? 1 do not remember
that I have ever seen a line in The
Oregonian condemning theso exemp
tions. I stand by my position that the of
ficers are justified in not trying to
assess money in banks, so long as sec
tion 3574 is the law. This is one of
the bills drawn very shrewdly for the
irVteest of a class. No one would de
posit money in the state and National
banks if they had to pay taxes on it,
and could escape tax by depositing it
in trust companies. As to the prac
tical exemption of notes and accounts
in most counties, you and I will dis
agree. I am sure that my statement
is substantially correct.
W. S. U'REN.
We are pained to have to disagree
with Mr. U'Ren again about the makeup
of the 1901 House. The number of
Democrats given by The Oregonian did
not Include "fusionists" who were ac
tually dissatisfied Republicans. If these
had been included as Democrats the
number would have been 24 Instead
In relation to escape of money from
taxation, there are In Portland no In
stitutions such as are defined by the
act of which section 3574 is a part.
Moreover, if there were the owner of
the motley who deposited it therein
would' be legally subject to tax on it,
just as he Is now on money deposited
In other banks. Section 3574 exempts
the depositary, not the owner, from
paying taxes on deposits. Section 3574
Is a dead letter and never has been
what Mr. U'Ren Insists It Is. We be
lieve hetnows It
If it Is Mr. U'Ren's desire to alter
his previous sweeping statement that
notes and accounts aro exempt from
taxation in most counties in Oregon to
the statement that notes and accounts
illegally escape taxation to a large ex
ent In all counties The Oregonian will
agree with him.
Juror Approves Pardon.
SEASIDE, Or., Sept. 3. (To the Edi
tor.) 1 am stopping here for a few
days' rest and have just read In The
Oregonian the article titled "Alleged
Tracy Aid Out." I wish to say I fully
approve the course of Governor West
In granting Charles Monte a pardon.
I was one of the Jurors at his trial
about 10 years ago. He was not con
victed of furnishing guns and ammuni
tion to Merrill and Tracy as stated, but
he was charged with murder In the
fi;-.; degree In the indictment. The
verdict was murder in the second de
gree. Testimony was brought out
proving that he had knowledge that
an attempt would be made to release
Merrill and Tracy. Evidence showed
he was accustomed to becoming In
toxicated and statements made by him
In that condition were used against
him ENOS PRESNALL.
Twenty-tMve Year Ago
From The Oresonlan September 5. IsSS.
Port Townsend The steamer Aneon.
In getting away from Lorlng, In Nana
Bay, Alaska, ran on the rocks it I A.
M. Wednesday. August it. stopping
nearly amidships. At 4 A. M. the ladles
were taken ushore. Good order was
maintained. The Pacific Coast steam
ship .Company Is arranging to send a
A. It. Matkav. iteneral asent of the
! Chlpasrn Rock Island at I'aclRc frelrhl
depot at Portland, is In San Francisc o.
Walla Walla The Republican con
vention here nominated John L Wil
son tor Congress, with 139 votes. Dun
bar received next highest favor, with
130 on first ballot. Wilson won, 114
to 128. on third ballot. It was neces
sary to have 150 votes. E. r. Ferry
was nominated for Governor.
London The police fired on crowds
of strikers yesterday. John Burns
delivered an address to the strikers,
New York Mrs. Swlnton and her
son, Joshua Msnn, two of the con'
splrators in the celebrated Hamilton
case, were arraigned and remanded to
day. Mrs. Hamilton broke down at
Atlantic City when she was Informed
Mrs. Swlnton and her son ere charged
with aiding in palming off on Mr. Ham
ilton as his offspring a baby purchased
for the purpose. She aliases Hamil
ton's friends are trying to alienate
Hamilton. She was then advised her
confederates had confessed.
Washington There la less deafness
in the Unltod States, according to the
W. H. Qroop fell from the Iron rail
road bridge yesterday morning and
was seriously- hurt.
When O. T. Porter left Albany Aug
ust 13 for Alaska to be United States
Marshal his friends met and presented
him with a gold-handled rane. Rev. H.
P. Webb made the presentation speech
at the residence of Frank Wood.
The T. M. C. A. orchestra was or
ganised night before last. J. Bllllter
Is organist. Professor Angermann cor
net, R. J. Fisher violin and A. K. Bell
Charles R. Fay, son of C. L. Fay. for
three years a student st Amherst, hsa
gone to Europe.
William Plimpton and family have
Just returned from an outing at Xe
Miss Julia Barrett, daughter of Dr.
P. G. Barrett, of Hood River, and a
graduate of New England Conservatory
of Music, has been called to take
charge of the music department at
George Stowell, of the. Burveyor
General'a office, long well known In
Oregon, is the proud father of a ll'sj-
Dr. F. Cauthnrn lias been appointed
physician and surgeon for the North
ern Pacific Railway.
Rural Carriers Jobs Safe.
LA CENTER, Wash.. 8ept. . (To ths
Editor.) About August 10 I read two
editorials In Ihe Oregonian concerning
an amendment to the Post Office bill
by Mr. Moore. The amendment was to
put letter-carriers out of the Civil Ser
vice If I understand It correctly. I have
read each copy carefully since but havi
found nothing stating If thn bill hao
passed or not. I am a rural letter
carrier and of course am Interested.
Please advise me if you can as to
whether anything has been done about
it CHA8. POOLK.
On roll-call the bill was defeated.
From the Front
The first actual photos in th
great war are at hand. Four page;
of them will be shown Sunday, t
gether with a comprehensive m
of the war zone. These stirri
photos tell the true story of ma
phases of the deadly conflict.
Europe's Women Officers,
They are women of title
command famous regriments
though, of course, they lo not
pear on the fmag line in M
A iull-pafre leature in colors.
There ate 500.000 of the
Europe who may be called I
front. There is no more i letur
esqne force in the world. Half
page with 12 photo.
The Innocent Bystander.
A detailed story of Belg.um, the
rich, cultured, progressive little
country thai has been rru-aed by
the German advance.
Boy Scouts in War Z
They may play an mjportant
part in the fray. Tin' hluable
service they can render Ir. made
the subject of a page art He with
A celebrated English luilitary
painter presents in threonowerfuj
paintings scenes at the filing line
and mobilization points.
ture "Before Liege. th
man Uhlans, is a powe
The War Lord of thlKar East
is the subject for Su
y iu the
War Lords' Bcries. V
Vodoo medicines nn
of primitive people i
contrast with modern
The American wo
a fortunate individiwilfindeed when
his wage is compared with that
of workers in other tenntries. He
earns as mucli in an sour as the
average foreign workman is paid
for a whole day.
Sketches From Life.
I'nges from an artist's notebook.
It is both pleasnttt and profit
cble. tl hist rated with photo.
An illustrated article on the
perilous lit' ot men who operate
the Dfwaving stations along tha
Oregon and Washington coast.
Scores of Other Features.
Order early of your newsdealer.