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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1914.
Senatorial Candidate Greets
Six Hundred and Replies
to All Questions.
FIRM'S DEALS REVEALED
Charges Denied That Candidate for
United States Senate Is Million
aire World Fought From
Early Youth, Story Told.
Continued From First Ptej
speech was devoted to a clear-cut pres
entation of the leading campaign is
sues. His address follows in full:
70,000 Express Confidence.
I am a candidate tor the United States
Senate and the nominee of the Republican
party. Nearly 70.000 people in the primary
election expressed their confidence in me by
their support. A xreator number of votes
were cast for me thon for any other candi
date on any ticket. The confidence of my
fellow men I prize beyond possibility of ex
pression and I shall maintain it if It Is with
in my power to do so. It is necessary for
my peace of mind, for as my past life has
been associated with the people and in
terests of Oregon, so will bo my future.
I am not a candidate for office to gratify
a personal ambition. I have 'never been
and am not now an office-seeker for personal
gain. I am a member of the Oregon fam
ily, bound to It by the enduring ties of na
tivity by ties or. mooa mai eneuu .
sire to son; by social environment woven
Into a lifetime covering half a century ;
by business associations and Industrial en
gagements that have extended to nearly
every portion of the state. 1 have a rifcht
to assert my devotion to the state and its
people and to express my desire to serve
Called by my neighbors, without dis
tinction of party, to serve them as a Rep
resentative in the United States Senate, It
becomes my bounden duty to put forth every
legitimate effort to promote my election and
to meet firmly every onslaught that seeks
to encompass my defeat.
It has been and is my conviction that cer
tain policies and their demonstrated and
probable results as they affect the welfare
of our people as a Nation Is the real matter
of concern that is to be considered.
Coast Development Uppermost.
I believe that the development of the
Pacific Coast is of the greatest concern to
our Nation and that no physical question is
of so much importance, not only to the peo
ple of the Pacific oCast, but to all the peo
ple who would make the United States their
home. And, furthermore, that Pacific Coast
development is of International importance
and has most Important bearings upon our
relation to all people and that no other time
can be so propitious as now for constructive,
governmental policies affecting the Coast
development and that the lack of atten
tion to the Coast and the Btate Is Inex
cusable and should not be longer patiently
It is great principles and their honest ap
plication that is at Issue and not the measure
of individual wealth of inconsequential acts
of local business organizations.
It Is alleged that I am "a timber baron, '
a multi-millionaire," "an aristocrat, unsym
pathetic with the plain people," and by in
sinuations I am made to appear as disreput
able In my Individual conduct and dishonest
In the methods employed by business con
cerns with which I have been connected.
The questions directly put to me by the
Albany Democrat are:
1 Where did you get your wealth; and
(2) How did your company gets its
Events, subsequent to the putting of these
questions to me, have caused me to doubt
their sincerity, but it does not matter. I
am here to answer them out of my regard
for the newer citizens of our state and those
who are not wholly or at all familiar with
my general conduct and the events in Ore
gon that have pertained to them. I crave
the continued regard of all who, in the
past. In any way have given me their sup
port and I earnestly desire the confidence of
every citizen of this state.
Campaign Makes Enemies.
The conduct of this campaign makes It
evident that I have enemies, but I am per
suaded that they are mostly, if not wholly,
political. It Is useless to deny that I would
like to have their respect and If I am
elected, I shall do my utmost to compel it.
My first utterance in this campaign was
a promise to the people of the State of
Oregon that I would so conduct it that the
men who oppose me for office should not
have their lives saddened or their useful
ness Impaired by anything that I might say.
That promise still holds. I have not made
the balances in which I am to be weighed.
I have not marked the scale upon any rule
that shall measure my conduct. That I am
willing to leave to others. I must do so.
But I expect that out of fairness; the very
mandates of manhood; the requirements of
honest citizenship that whatever standard
Is set up for me will be applied to others.
I have no desire to hide my record. It
bears the stamp of "made in Oregon" and
Is, therefore, familiar to most of our people.
I understand full well and am embarrassed
by the fact that what I say will be copious
ly punctured by personal pronouns, but It
cannot be avoided. It Is my conduct that
lias been called In question and It la I who
am to reply.
Let me emphasize that my address Is to
those who are acquainted with me. There
r are those In this audience and thousands
within the state who know that if my acts
to which reference Is made by these Inquires
had been illegal, I would not be here answer
lug, as I now am. I should have been a
more or less permanent boarder of Uncle
Books Open to Inquiry.
Representatives of this great Government,
supported by its vast treasury and aided and
abetted by political enemies as well as citi
zens acting in good faith, reviewed my con
duct and probed the business with which I
have been connected. Every acre of land in
which T, or the company, was Interested has
been placed upon the map of Investigation
and our right to It determined with the
alngle exception of one Instance to which I
shall refer later.
In those testing times, our records were
opened freely and voluntarily to every hon
est Inquiry. They have never since been
closed. That I have been shadowed In my
home, trailed from coast to coast by de
tectives. Indicted and tried In the Federal
Courts by a Jury of my peers without the
loss of my liberty or of being dispossessed
of an acre of land or a dollar's worth of
property has become satisfactory evidence,
to thousands who know me. that I have had
a decent regard In all my business career
for the rights of my fellowman. I must
not attempt here to characterize any of
those who thus lifted hands against me. If
there remains any resentment In my heart
it Is because It is beyond my power to re
move it. I am conscious of none.
I am aware of my shortcomings and that
my life has not been as fruitful or as per
fect as It should have been. Nor have my
business undertakings been as successful or
as helpful to the state as x would have had
them, but I can say with all zood conscience,
I have done my best.
I take It that every friend knows, and
this is notice to every toe, that I am not
here to apologize for or even explain past
conduct. What I shall say will be a mere
recital of facts.
Millionaire Charge Denied.
I am not a millionaire, and never waa If.
In the years of my activity. I could have
earned and save more, In justice to my as
sociates and the people with whom I have
dealt and lived. I certainly would have
done so. The bounties of Oregon were open
to all her citizens of my generation. It
was our duty to develop the state, and In
doing so abundant opportunity was given
for reasonable accumulation. The man who
has not done his best along these lines has
not been true to the state nor to himself.
"Bow I gained my wealth" la a. long and
varied story. It has varied In time from
youth until the Dresent and In amount from
23 cents a day to S10.000 a year. The first I
earned of necessity, the latter I voluntarily
The earliest recollection that I have of
worklnr for a wage la In raking hay in the
Summer of 1S8S in the fields of Douglas
County, for which I received 25 cents a
day. It Is of no consequence now that the
pay was In chickens and that I carried six
home each Saturday night. They became
a part of the sustaining force for a family of
12 children. Our parents Lad need of all
That Summer was the first passed in the
harvest fields. In them I have swung the
REPUBLICAN NOMINEE FOR SENATOR, WHO MAKES A NOTABLE
CAMPAIGN SPEECH AT ALBANY.
HON. R. A.
scythe, bound the grain, pitched It from
the header-wagons and stacks to the thresh
lnc machine. I have measured threshed
grain at the thresher's spout and have
sewed grain sacks and carried them away
from the machine, receiving double wages
therefor. (Probably this gave me the first
vision of riches.) In the same county I
have grubbed. Dlowed and planted theields,
both for wages and in conducting farming
At the old Umpqua Academy, also In
Douelas County. I attended school and did
Janitor worjs at $7.50 a term of three
months. Durtne this time, I cut cordwood
by contract evenings and Saturdays and
did such other things as were usual and
necessary for other boys similarly situated.
Candidate Taught School at 17.
At the ase of 17 I taught country school
at Civil Bend in Douglas County and for
several seasons following taught at other
places. My salary was $33.33 a month and
I "boarded round." In 1S70 I was taken by
my parents with other members of the
family to Eastern Oregon, where for two
years I herded sheep for my father. During
this time I gathered wool from the bushes
and pelts from the sheep that did not sur
vive the Winter and traded them at The
Dalles for my first suit of "store clothes."
I have never been as proud of any other
suit. (Probably this gave me my first aris
tocratic tendencies. )
I have ridden the ranges of Eastern Ore
gon from the Blue Mountains to the Cas
cades and there slept beneath the snow, pro
tected by a sagebrush fire and a saddle
blanket. In the same region I have dug in
the irrigating ditches and have distributed
the water from them over the fields.
I have counted the trees In the forests,
turned the handscrews In the sawmills, car
ried by hand the lumber from the docks to
the cars, kept the record at the desk and
directed the efforts from an office.
Most of the events that I have related
took Dlace Drior to my majority and the
money compensation receivea was passed to
my parents, save such as they directed spent
for my own needs, and thus continued until
mfter I was 21 years of age.
The first engagement entirely on my own
account that I can now recall was made
with Mr. Henry W. Settlemire, then and
now of Tangent in Linn County, for whom
I sold fruit trees on commission. It was in
the early days of orcharding and the Idea
was popular. I sold many trees and my
earnings were large as compared with those
of my earlier years. The Investments from
the earnings were orofitable. (The dreams
of wealth multiplied.) Thirty-five years
have since passed. Little did I think then
that iu Linn County 1 would be called to
account for my stewardship. But it is not
by Mr. Settlemire. His early kindness has
been a lasting fragrance and his wise coun
sel a permanent benefit.
Ssvwmillinx Work Taken Up.
In the early '80s I became interested with
others In a country store at Yoncalla and in
1883 retired from the store and engaged in
sawmilling. The small mill was purchased
from Smith Bros. & Watson, of Portland,
the contract for it beinn made with J. Frank
Weston, well known in this state. I paid
for it with borrowed money from the late
Fendle Sutherland, my father and father-in-law
signinz the note with me as security.
There has been no time since but that 1
have been in some way engaged In the man
ufacture or sale of lumber.
For three years I taught school with
Judge Henry L. Benson and his) late
brother. F- W. Benson, at the Drain Acad
emy and Normal School.
In 1888 I went from Douglas to Jose
phine County as bookkeeper for the Sugar
Pine Door & Lumber Company, then un
der the management of H. B. Miller, who
always has ranked high among the real
developers of the state and who has be
come distinguished lu the country's service.
This concern was a manufacturer of lum
ber at its own mills and purchased largely
from others The greater part of the lum
ber was manufactured into boxes, doors,
sash and other articles of common use and
distributed over the various Pacific Coast
States. A few years later I became the
secretary of the company and in 1895 its
In conjunction with citizens of Grants
Pass and eeveral prominent financiers of
Portland I was active in organizing the
First National Bank of Grants Pass, which
commenced business January 2. 1890. For
ten years I was ita cashier snd six years
Its president During that time I was also
actively Interested In the Grants Pass Bank.
Ing & Trust Company and the bank that
later became the Douglas National of Rose
burg. Several years ago I disposed of all
my banking Interests and invested the pro
ceeds with other funds in the lumbering
While in Josephine County I became in
terested in a small way as a fruitgrower,
and incidentally, in mining. In all these
undertakings I made some gain and with
the help of an Industrious, frugal and de
voted wife constantly added to our belong-
mSS "Crime of W Recalled.
This takes us up to not the "Crime of
'76 " but that of '96 the inception of the
organization of the Booth-Kelly Lumber
Company. In that year a lease was made
with J L Jones, of Saginaw, Lane County,
for hla lumber plant. The lessees were
John F. Kelly. George H. Kelly, J, H.
Booth and myself, acting as a simple part
nership. Under the terms of the lease we were to
cut a given amount of lumber monthly and
to pay at the rate of $1 a thousand for
all lumber cut, which was payment for the
stumpage and use of the plant. In the
contract there was a provision by which
we might purchase and this right we later
exercised. With this deal were Involved
several hundred acres of land which be
longed to the plant and under option by
The real purpose of the organization of
the company was to become acquainted
with the fir forests of interior Oregon, to
ascertain the value of the products and the
poseibility of finding markets at profitable
prices for them. Encouraged by these early
efforts we conferred with the railroad com
pany as to rates, with view of extending
our markets, and Induced them to publish
rates that permitted us to teed our product
to the mines of Arizona, the various sec
tions of California, to Utah and other Pa
cific Coast states and eastward under a
40-cent rate to Missouri River points. Thus
we became pioneers in lumbering In In
terior Oregon, In interstate shipments and
In securing railroad rates that made opera
tions on a large scale possible.
This srave new value to the Interior forests
of Oregon and changed much of Western
Oregon from slow, plodding communities
to busy centers of activity in manufactur
ing and thus to splendid local markets for
the products of Its fields and pastures.
The rate to San Francisco bay points,
commonly known as the "$3.10 rate," was
granted upon our petition, as were other
Important rates to various sections of the
Value of Fir Becomes Known.
Mainly through our efforts the value of
fir from interior Oregon became generally
known through the states, and our busi
ness was built up upon the credit extended
to us after we had demonstrated our ability
to manufacture and market at a profit.
In 1S9S a few California citizens Joined
us in the business, and then we incorpo
rated the company for $50,000.
In that year we leased a mill at Coburg,
the lease containing a provision to purchase.
We thus increased our operations, widened
our markets and strengthened our credit
and later exercised our right to purchase.
In Januay, 1899, we Increased our cap
ital to ,250,000, and later in the year to
It was that year we made our first con
tract made with the Oregon & California
Railroad Company of consequence for the
purchase of timber lands. The contract cov
ered some 17,000 acres of land In a district
since known as the Wendllng Basis. These
lands were purchased entirely on credit, we
paying the interest annually in advance, but
having the right to enter upon any section
remove the timber there and paying for the
same in advance at a figure beyond the
average buying price. We then built our
first large sawmill, after entering into a
contract with the Southern Pacific Company
to extend its rails to the town of Wendllng.
In consideration of the company building
this line, we undertook to give them the
right of way, the ties required In the con
struction and agreed to put over the line the
first year 2500 carloads of timber products.
Let It be understood that the Booth-Kelly
Lumber Company has been distinctly a
manufacturing concern and not a speculator
In timber lands. Under the prevailing con
ditions it was necessary, therefore, for Its
lands to be near transportation lines, which
brought them within the scope of the Gov
ernment grant to the railroads.
Timber Lands' Value Not High.
Prior to the Incidents that I have related
the railroad timber lands of interior Oregon
and all other timber lands, for that matter,
were considered of little value and were not
marketable. The grant, there, ore, was still
held almost entirely by the railroad com
pany; that Is to say, they still owned the al
ternate odd sections that passed to them
by the grant. It followed, therefore, of
necessity that practically half of all lands
that the Booth-Kelly Company purchased
were purchased from the rollroad company.
Lands near the railroad were the most val
uable and the timber on these was the only
timber that was available for milling. This
held good with the even sections as well as
the odd sections that belonged to the rail
road grant and were naturally the first to
be taken up under the land laws of the
United States. Practically all of these even
sections were taken prior to our purchase
of the railroad lands. They could be ac
quired by us, therefore, only by purchase. As
later will be shown, the title to almost the
whole of our lands was secured by the rail
road company and by settlers years before
our company even was organized. The
small remaining fraction was honestly ac
quired by purchase from owners who, at
their own Instance, initiated their title and
perfected their rights. We never exploited
the public domain by locating people thereon,
as has frequently been charged against tim
I wish specifically to state that we have
never, by any method, wrongfully acquired
title to an acre of land. No one knows this
better than representatives of the Govern
ment, who Investigated us.
In 1900 the capital of the company was
increased to $1,250,000; In 1902 to $1,500,000;
In 1904 to $2,000,000; In 1011 to $2,500,000,
of which $2,225,000 has been paid.
As our capital was increased our mills
were Increased In capacity, others built and
our timber purchases extended. We now
own a little more than 139,000 acres and the
timber on more than 22,000 acres of It has
been manufactured into lumber at our mills.
All of these lands, with the exception of
about 3000 acres, are located tributary to our
mills and were purchased with a view to
manufacture, not exploitation.
When we commenced milling, timber
values were low ; quarter sections, taken
under the homestead or timber and stone
acts, were offered us freely at $5 an acre,
and in one instance less. Such of these claims
as were Intermingled with our own holdings,
that Is, lying between the odd sections that
we had purchased from the railroad com
pany, we purchased as they were offered to
us, as rapidly as we could acquire money by
adding to our capital or by borrowing. Much
wealth was thus added to Lane County and
the people with whom we dealt became our
friends. The people who criticise and ac
cuse us are not those that are within the
Influence of our operations and Immediate
Eugene Is Headquarters.
Eugene is the central office of our com
pany and our mills are located in places not
remote therefrom. When we commenced
business there the population of the town
was about 3000; It is now five times as much.
Similar growth has characterized Coburg,
Springfield, Cottage Grove and other town
that have felt the benefit of the payroll of
the sawmills ours and others. There were
times when we employed more than 15O0
men and when our payroll was more than
SiO.000 a month.
We have expended more than a million
dollars building and equipping our mills. We
have manufactured nearly a billion feet of
lumber and have paid out on account thereof
approximately $10,000,000. Of the lands now
owceo by the company, over 70.000 acres,
a trifle more than one-half once belonged
to the railroad grant and a considerable por
tion of them were purchased directly from
the railroad company, notable exceptions be
lnr railroad lands purchased from the late
Amos Highland, of Lowell; the lacs . .
Umpier, of Harrlaburg, and Messrs. Jones
ana jooa, oi v.oi uro.
It Is a fact to which I call your attention
that the average price paid for these rail
road lands, purchased under these various
conditions. Is almost identical with the aver
age price paid individual owners for Tneli
During the growth of the company s capi
talization the original partners, the two
Booths and the two Kellys, were not able
to Increase their holdings in the ratio of its
growth. Out of the original $50.0000 capi
talization each of the four owned $7500
worth. I Increased mv interest beyond that
of any of my original associates, the maxi
mum of my holding being a one-tenth In
terest when the capitalization was $1,250,
000. This has since been reduced to about
3 per cent of the paid capital (amounting
to fl..O00), which I now own. The history
of my efforts in carrying my interest in
this and other enterprises to wblch I shall
refer. Is familiar to several of the bankers
of Oregon and San Francisco. X
The controlling" Interest in the Booth-Kelly
Lumber Company early passed from resi
dents of Oregon to residents of California
In 1904 the control passed to residents of
Michigan. It will thus be seen that the
capital Invested in our company waa drawn
larcrolv fmm other states and it must be a
matter of common knowledge that the
money from the sales of tne products ot our
mills comes almost entirely from without the
In 1904 the money becoming due for lands
under early contracts was met by funds
secured by bonding our lands, which we did
I was connected with the company as
manager from November, 1SW, until Febru
ary. 1907. Its successes and benefits might
have been, in fact, should have been greater.
Its faults and wrongs, if any. I am willing
to bear. I gave to It unstlntlngly the labor
of the best years of my life. The confi
dence and friendship of my associates in
the business I think are imperishable and
the material benefit alven the development
of our state through our efforts and the
bread that has been won by the thousands
who have labored with and for us will re
main Iu memory the pride of my life.
This may and doubtless does appear
tedious to you. but I implore your patience.
Do you realize that the circumstance under
which I am relatlnsr these things, as I now
do. Is the only one thatv could Induce me
to do It?
Responsibility Is Taken.
If what I am to be to Oregon, to my
neighbors, to my family and myself depends
upon oast acta whether exerted for my
self or In the conduct of a business so es
sentially a part of the state's growth, I ask
that you hear It all. for I have been re
sponsible for the direction of a land com
pany, other than the Booth-Kelly Lumber
Company. I refer to the Oregon Land &
This company was organized In 1902 for
the purpose of purchasing the lands when
remaining unsold that had been granted
by the Government In 1864 to aid in the
construction of the Oregon Central Military
Wagon Road, which extended from Eugene
to the east boundary of the state. This
property had been freely and openly offered
for sale for many years. Selling agents who
offered it as a whole and in part were
located in Eugene, Lakeview and in San
Francisco. It was owned by a strong com
pany, headed by Mr. E. B. Pond, ex-Mayor
of San Francisco, and who was at the time
of the purchase the head of one of the
strong savines banks of that t-ity. So far
as the Government was concerned the title
had long since passed. Oregon's interest
was to have the land opened to settlement
and subject to taxation. This was accom
plished through the acts of our company.
The question as to Individuals was who
would have the foresight or the nerve to
undertake the handllnz of the vast body
of land lylncr dormant in the state. I recom
mended to ten men the purchase of the
lands. The purchase was made almost
wholly on credit. The undertaking caused
me many cloudy days and sleepless nights.
We paid for it largely from the proceeds of
the sale of the land In various sized tracts.
Our profits are yet to be determined by the
value of the fraction that we have remain
ing;. ' i,
The purchase involved about 800.000 acres.
The Booth-Kelly Lumber Company took
over the western portion of it. Most of
these lands the company disposed of, keep
injrthose immediately tributary to the
Springfield plant. The greater part of the
tract was wild, unsurveyed lands. We had
it surveyed and selected, which caused them
to be placed upon the tax rolls, thus becom
in a source of revenue to the counties in
which they were located.
In 1908 we sold about 500,000 acres of
these lands for $1 an acre. These lands
since have passed through several owner
ships, been divided into many tracts of
from 10 to 1000 acres each -and all sold,
so I am informed. Our company was In
no way Interested In them beyond the sale
first mentioned. The company now owns
about 120.000 acres, mostly timbered, a
part of which it has purchased from indi
Of the grant land so purchased, over
111.000 acres were within the Klamath
Indian Reservation and much of it had
beep allotted to the Indians and improved
by them. These lands were exchanged for
87 000 acres of unallotted lands within the
Indian reservation. This was done upon
the recommendation of the Interior Depart
ment, after the lands had been examined,
classified and appraised and the trade au
thorized by act of Congress. The title to
all the lands purchased by the Oregon Land
& Livestock Company had been adjudicated
prior to our ownership. Originally, I owned
a one-tenth interest In the company. 1
now own Vt per cent.
Court Records Told.
Returning now to the affairs of the
Booth-Kelly Lumber Company. Three times
we have been before the Federal Courts
of this district, once when the Government
undertook to cancel title to the lands that
had been purchased from the railroad com
pany. Our company was one of 4a which
were thus attacked by the Government.
The cause for action was the failure on
the part of the railroad company to comply
with the supplemental provisions of the
grant which provided that the lands should
be sold to actual settlers In quantities not
to exceed 160 acres at more than $2.50 an
acre. When our lands were purchased we
had no knowledge of this provision. The
lands had been patented by the Govern
ment to the railroad company, and there
was a perfect record title. During the pen
dency of this litigation the "innocent pur
chaser's relief bill" was passed by Congress,
in which was the provision that parties
who had purchased from the railroad com
pany in "good faith," in case the decision
of the courts was adverse, might repur
chase from the Government at $2.60 an
acre. The matter of good faith was in
vestigated by the Government while the
case was at issue. It was decided by the
Interior Department that we were pur
chasers In good faith and we, therefore, re
purchased the lands under the -provisions
of the act As before stated, this involved
more than half of the lands that the com
There Is a case on appeal to the Supreme
Curt of the United States Involving four
claims, aggregating 640 acres of land, to
which the Government sought to cancel the
title. These claims were taken by Ethel
La Raut. Lucy La Raut, Stephen La Raut
and Alice La Raut. The two first named
are sisters of my wife; Stephen is my
wife's brother and Alice his wife. The
Government alleged that these claims were
taken under an agreement with the com
pany that the equitable title should pass
to the company for a stipulated considera
tion. The testimony of the Government't wit
nesses showed that the lands were vacant,
subject to entry and in close proximity to
the company's lands; that the company's
employes had cruised the same ; that we
brought them to the attention of the en
trymen named; that they were conducted
to the premises by the company's cruisers;
that all expenses In connection therewith
and In entering the land and in payment
for the land was made by the company.
All of these allegations, except that to pur
chase the lands for a stipulated price, or
any price, are true, and also was given in
testimony by myself and other members of
the company. The testimony in the case
shows that Ethel La Raut had asked me to
aid her In finding and securing a timber
claim. That after I had expressed a wil
lingness ro do so she spoke also in behalf
of her sister, Lucy; her brother, Stephen,
and his wife; that I agrred with her for
herself and the others that I would pro
vide the money to obtain the claims, If
any desirable ones could be found, and
that I stated to her in case the company
sold Its lands that were adjacent to those
claims we would sell theirs also, probably
cha.-gin g them a reasonable compensation
therefor; that If we cut the timber from
our adjacent lands we would cut also the
timler from theirs and pay them such price
per thousand as it might then be worth.
I repeat that this la my sworn testimony.
It is aiso that of Ethel La Raut, my sister-in-law.
In fulfillment of this understanding,
It Is In evidence by my own testimony,
that our company furnished the money
under guaranty by me- This Is corrobo
rated by the testimony of H. A. Dunbar,
then the company's head bookkeeper and
cashier. After final proof deeds were made
to me which I hold as security for my
Book Conceal Nothing.
After the lands were patented, these
deeds were returned and others taken In
favor of our company, the books showing
every item of cost in detail without any
attempt of concealment. When I was suc
ceeded In the management of the company
by Oeorge H. Kelly I notified him of the
agreement. To this I testified. Mr. Kelly's
sworn testimony is the same. Mr. Kelly
-n.-eeeded in the management by A.
C, Dixon, the present manager. Mr. Kelly
testified that he notified Mr. Dixon that
the equitable title to the lands belonged
ta th ia p.auts Mr. Dixon's sworn testi
mony is the same. In addition to all the
costs' attending the procurement of the
lands the company advanced various sums
at different times to the owners. Later
and during Mr. Dlzon's management. Ste
phen La Raut and his wife desired to move
to Canada and urged the company to pur
chase their lands. It did so through the
management of Mr. Dixon. The equitable
title to the other two claims still remains
in Ethel La Raut and Lucy La Raut This
Is my sworn testimony. It Is the sworn
testimony of Mr. Kelly, my successor; Mr,
Dixon, his successor, and of Ethel La Raut.
The facts could not be known by any other
persona The case was t ned before J udge
Robert S. Bean, of the Federal Court, and
the decision was fsvorable to the company.
The case was csrried to the Court of Ap
peals and there reversed.
The decision was by Judge Gilbert. It was
based on his assumption that the testimony
given by me and others was not credible.
It 1b now on appeal to the Supreme Court
of the United States. What the decision
may be, of course, I cannot tell, but the
facta I do know, and have sworn to. . I
here reassert that my statements, whlcn
were corroborated by Mr. Kelly, Mr. Dixon
and my sister-in-law, were the truth. No
other parties could know the facts. If we
swore truly the action of the Government
was without Justification. If I swore false
ly, no statement that I can make to yoo
can be depended upon. I submit the case
to you for your Judgment, which Is of more
consequence to me than that of the court.
The companies with which I have been
connected have handled approximately a
million acres of land and that the title to
less than one-tenth of 1 per cent of them
should ever be attacked by the Federal Gov
ernment, the state or an Individual, I hope
will appeal to you as fairly creditable. Like
wise, I hope you will believe that 1 am In
capable of leading or permitting my wife's
sisters and brother Into a criminal practice
for petty gains either for them or for my
self, or for anyone. If the title to these
lands was highly desirable, or desirable at
all for me, or for our company, they might
have been taken by membra of my own
family, none of whom have ever had the
benefit of the land laws.
There Is one other case that I might bring
to your attention. Many of you are familiar
with It. It Is the last Item In the recital.
In 1905 I was indicted for conspiring to de
fraud the Government out of 180 acres of
land. I pleaded "not guilty." Believing It not
the Intention of the prosecution to try the
case, I asked Judge Bellinger not to permit
Its dismissal without a trial. I Interposed
no dilatory pleading. Over and over and
over again, through my attorneys, I pleaded
for a trial. Nearly four years passed be
fore It was granted. Not a witness was put
on the stand in my defense. The verdict
on the first ballot was "not guilty."
The statements that I have made In re
lation to the holdings of the Booth-Kelly
Lumber Company as to quantity, method of
acquiring and price can be verified from the
records of the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion, where they were given In defense of
the 40-cent and $3.10 rate cases; or they
can be verified from the public records or
our own records. They are an open book.
From the facts thus presented It ma
be determined that more than nine-tenths
nf nil th. land that has ever come under
the control of any organization with which
I have been connected was land granted
by the Government In my boyhood days
and that for a generation had been offered
in the open market. Hundreds, yes, thous
ands of others have purchased from the
same grants In the same way.
Cold Facts Given,
Furthermore, the title to more than
99 per cent of all the lands ever owned by
our company was Initiated by others before
our companies were organized. This Is not
a guesB, but a cold fact. I repeat that, of
all the lands In which our company or 1
have been In any way connected, the title
to less than one-tenth of 1 per cent has
ever been attacked or questioned.
If I have any wealth It lies almost wholly
In my Interest in these lands. Their value
and consequently my Individual worth Is
problematical. What they may yield me.
like what your property may yield you, de
pends greatly upon the opportunity given
the business of this country by governmental
policies. What that is to be I await with
anxiety. So do you.
The issue of this campaign as based upon
what I am worth In dollars, or how the com
panies with which I am associated got their
lands, is too absurd to nave serious mougm.
Why. then, do I answer the Inquiries? Be
cause by Implication my integrity Is as
sailed ; because the honesty of my acts in
private life Is In question. An attempt has
been made to force these things Into the
I freely submit the record to you In full
faith that a fair citizenry will Judge me
Justly and will demand the same account
ing of mv oDoonent. I admit the right of
the people to Inquire Into the character of
candidates tor oirice.
The methods employed by a man in his
everyday business are a fair Index of his
character; his accumulation of property or
his failure to accumulate may indicate his
business ability. Add to this the way in
which he spends his money and the test will
be complete. If the time has come in Ore
gon when a more searching Investigation is
to be made into the character of candidates
for office, then we are at the dawn of a
better day. The advance may be measured
by the sincerity and thoroughness wua
which the investigation Is made.
If the citizenry of this state la now calling
Its representatives to a higher plane of ac
tion and living, no call of retreat shall bs
sounded by me. My countrymen, this great
Government and its institutions belong to
you. You can change or abolish them. You
can choose your representatives. I am be
fore you as one who would serve. I await
your verdict with confidence. Treat me as
you would be treated under nae circum
stances. I ask I am entitled to no more.
If I am unworthy or unprepared to repre
sent you, then forget the ties of boyhood
days; put aside the friendships that have
bound us together; forget the associations
and struggles of a lifetime and act only for
our country's good. Your verdict shall be
my verdict and your future shall be brighter
and better If I can make it so, wherever I
I have now made reply to the Inquiries
put to me. The answers are accurate. They
are complete enough to satisfy all fairly
disposed persons and to lead them to an
honest conclusion. My answer is for the
70.000 people who voted for my nomination
and to all others whose faces are not turned
unalterably against me. To those who seek
only to confuse and oppose, I have no fur
I ask but a few moments more. It Is
for the purpose of defining what. In my
opinion, are some of the fundamental Is
sues of this campaign.
Individuals Are Eliminated.
It is not a question alone of individuals,
but of policies.
It Is not the business of the Booth-Kelly
Lumber Company, but the business of the
general Government. It is not a question
of whether stockholders of a lumber com
pany have been successful, but whether the
people of the United States are to be pros
perous. It Is a question of whether the food
American people eat shall be raised on
American farms and pastures, by American
citizens, or by foreigners In Europe and
Asia and the Islands of the seal.
It Is a question of whether the, clothes
worn In America shall be made In Amer
ican factories by American workmen or by
cheap foreign labor In other lands. And
further. If made at home by our own citi
zens, shall it be done In competition with
the low-priced labor of the world or under
conditions and for a wage that makes the
American laborer the peer of any citizen
on an equality with every other class of our
people a husband who cherishes his wife
and is honored among men; a father pro
tecting and proud of his family.
The question directly in hand Is: Shall
Oregon be developed and railroads extend
ed through her borders. They cannot be
unless our farms and our factories are fur
nishing the necessary traffic.
The opening of Alaska is Important. I do
not oppose, hut commend it. Two Admin
istrations have recommended It without dis
tinction of party. Congress has voted It.
out had one-half the money appropriated
(or Alaska development been used In Ore
gonSdevelopment there would not be an idle
man or an empty dinner pail in the state
nd thousands of families would have been
tdded to our population and our produc
ing classes. If the Government is con
cerned about homebullders, whether those
here or those to come, let It give them aid
and encouragement In Oregon and adjoin
ing states, where soil, climate and oppor
tunity are unsurpassed, rather than attempt
to lure them to the land of glaciers and mid
night where capitalists and corruptlonists
are to be tho principal beneficiaries. '
Oregon needs and deserves help from the
General Government. Its growth. In point
of time and magnitude, will be measured by
the intelligent aid sTjven.
In matters of reclamation Oregon has
not only been neglected but robbed. She has
contributed over $10,000,000 to the fund and
received $4,800,000 in return. The Issue Is,
shall the balance be restored to our state?
In nearly every part of our state are
thousands of acres of land awaiting the
magic touch of the hand of the enlightened,
energetic immigrant. Much of the best
u ood of Europe, represented by her people
from Italy to Norway, have come to us and
millions more will be encouraged to come
if they can be assured the high privileges
lnat have been accorded them Industrially
and socially through the policies of the Re
puollcan party. But why should he come
here If he Is to compete with the same con
ditions from which he would flee? Ths
only psrtlssn measure that has been cham
pioned by the present Democratic Admin
istration, and over ths protest and votes
Closes September 15. Better let us help you
PLAN YOUR EASTERN TRIP NOW
with a side trip through the Park. Through sleeper
to Park entrance leaves Union Depot 7 P. M. every
OREGON WASHINGTON RAILROAD &
Low round-trip rares 10 many umiu "7T
effect to September 30; going limit, 15 dayB; return
limit, October 31.
SOLID THROUGH TRAINS
CHOICE OF ROUTES
Leads all routes in scenery and cities of importance.
Maintains superiority in service, connections, equip
BLOCK SIGNALS ALL THE WAY TO CHICAGO
FARES: .. . .
Denver, Colorado springs oo.
Kansas City, Omaha 60.00
Saint Louis 70.00
Chicago 72 00
Corresponding rates to other
Full information, tickets and
reservations upon application.
CITY TICKET OFFICE,
3d and Washington Streets.
Phones: Marshall 4500. k tttTL
of Republicans, enacted Into law by a Dem
ocratic Congrees. Is the preeent tarlft law.
What haa It done for American Industry
or the American laborer? By admitting to
this country the product of other countries
at reduced ratea or free, it haa stifled
American factories and reduced the wave
or thrown Into Idleness tho American la
borer. What Democrats Haw Done Revealed.
Last year, according to a British report,
the shipments ior June of British woolens
Into the United States waa 95.000 yards. In
June this year, under the Democratic tariff,
the shipments were 948.000 yards, an In
crease of nearly 900 per cent.
In June. 191S. the shipments of British
worsteds were 414.000 yards; this year, for
the corresponding month, they were 2.821.
000 yards. Likewise In cotton goods the
shipments almust doubled.
The report of our Government shows the
Import of woolens In May. 1913, to bo lesa
than 10,000.000 pounds, and In May. 1914.
under the Democratic tariff, to be over 81.
From the Congreeslonal Record for August
11, 1914, we may road that for the nine
montha ending June 80, 1918. under a Re
publican tariff there waa shipped Into the
United States from foreign countries 23
Item, all products of the farms and pas
turea, lesa than 8SO.000.000 worth. Tor
the correapondlng months this year, under
the Democratic tariff, the value of the same
Items Imported waa over $128,000,000.
I will specifically mention a few of th
Items that go to make up these totala:
Corn lmporta Increased from 8180,000 to
Oats Imports Increased from $8T,000 to
Cattle Imports Increased from $5,700,000
Butter Imports Increaeed from fa5S,OO0 to
Wool Imports Increased from $23,000,000
These items could be greatly extended.
They show conclusively why the percentage
nt nnj.mnlnve.1 In Great Britain had de
creased ainco the enactment of our Demo
cratic taiift to 2.3 per cent from 4.8 per
cent, the average of tre paat ten year,
and account for the tremendous Increaae of
unemployed In thla country. i nese minga
refer to the country aa a whole, but the
nrMont Democratic tariff. supported by
Oregon's Senators, strikes a serious blow
Try Chamberlain's Tablets for
stomach troubles, biliousness and con
stipation. There are many who have
been greatly benefited by them.
They only cost a quarter.
to a half dosen of our own stale's Ms'
trlea. This Is of eupri-me Importance to ua
aa cltlsena of Oregon. Oregon haa
fifth of the standing timber of the Lnltei
states. About one-eighth of her population
are directly Interested in this industry. To
day It Is astlmated that nearly 40 par cent
of Oregon'a mills are closed. Thousand or
laborers who have been dependent upon this
Industry are Idle, and wage hava MM re
duced In mills In which no reduction na'i
been previously made for 20 rear.
Under the last Republican tariff law the
average annual shipment of ehlngloe oer
the line from British Columbia waa 200 car
tnads. Under the preeent Democratic tarlft
law during the four months ending April a
shipment of lanar carload Is reported, en
increase from leas then 17 carload a month
to orer 370 carloads a month. The rmo--rallc
tariff bill, supported by Oregon s
Senators. Is responsible for this.
Dairy Products Mewed.
The dairy product of thl state amount
to $20,000,000 annually. Properly encour
aged, thl Indust-y easily can be mad to
produc at least flv times that amount.
Wisconsin, with an area of 87.000 equate
miles, haa 1.5O0.000 dairy cow, and her
dairy products approximate lloo.000.ooo an
nually. Oregon haa M.oofl.ooo acrs sitd
only 190.000 cow. . ,
Tha Damocratlo tariff bill, supported by
Oregon's Senatora. has decressed the duties
on dairy products and Invited the compe
tition of the dairyman or New Zealand.
The Oregon poultry Industry la a large
and growing on. It Is capable of being so
developed as to yield million annually.
The poultiy lnduatry of Nebraaka alon for
years has exceeded the vaunted gold out
put of Alaaka. Properly encouraged that
Industry In Oregon can equal the record ot
Nebraaka. but the Democratic tariff bill,
supported by Oregon's 8enatore. haa opened
It to tha competition of the chlcken-raleere
of China and our local market ar being
flooded with Chinese eggs.
From the vice-president of the Multnomah
Mohair Mills I have tha fallowing algned
"The Multnomah Mohair Mills il organ
ised In 1900. atartlng operations early M
1,10 with a capital of $311,000, employing
from 80 to 100 operatora, and the mill war
kept In operation until. 1912. The produ. t
met with ready aale at fair price, and at
(Concluded on Page 12.)