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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1914.
LOUVAIN MAN SAYS
HE SAW MASSACRE
Hollander Saved From Sacked
City Declares Germans Shot
300 Men and Boys.
BODIES LITTER STREETS
Survivor Accuses Soldiers of Pillag
ing, Firing at Random, Killing
Priests and separating
ROTTERDAM (via London) Sept. 4.
A vivid description of the sufferings in
Louvain was given today by a Hoi
lander, who arrived In Bredau. He was
a prominent resident of Louvain when
the war broke out.
"We Hollanders in Louvain," he said,
"at first had nothing to fear from the
Germans, but all the houses that naa
been abandoned by their owners were
ransacked, notwithstanding the warn
ings of the military authorities tor
biddine them to pillage.
"In Louvain, as In all other towns
they occupied, the Germans imprisoned
as hostages of war the burgomaster,
the magistrates and several influential
"Befora the Germans entered the
town the civic guard was disarmed
and weapons in the population's pos
session were Klven up. Even toy
ntstols and precious collections of old
weapons bows and arrows and other
antique arms useless ror moaern war
fare had to be surrendered. All these
things, sometimes of great value to
their owners, were destroyed by the
Germans. The value of one private
collection was estimated at S5000. (
Priests Calm C itizen.
"From the pulpits the priests urged
the people to keep calm, declaring
that was the only way in which to
prevent harm from being done them.
"A few days after the entry of the
German troops the German military au
thorities agreed to cease lodging their
men In private houses on the payment
of W0.000 francs (J20.000) dally. In
some of the houses between 40 and
60 men had been living.
"The beautiful rooms in the town
hall, where civil marriages took place,
were used as stables for the cavalry
"On Sunday August 23, influential
persons were aroused from their beds.
We were informed that an order had
been given for 250 mattresses, 200
pounds of coffee, ,250 loaves of bread
and 500 eggs, and that they must be
at the market place within an hour.
Night Order Obeyed.
On turning out we found the burgo
master standing in the market place
and crowds of citizens, half naked or
In their night clothes, carrying every
thing they could lay hands on to the
market place that no harm might be
fall their burgomaster. After this had
been done the German officer in com
mand told us that his orders had
been misinterpreted that he only
"All houses In the fashionable parts
of the town and on the boulevard had
to be lighted through the night by
order of the German authorities. The
doors of houses had to be left open.
"On Tuesday, August 25, many of
the troops had left town. We had a
few soldiers in our house. At 6 o'clock
in the evening, when everything was
ready for dinner, alarm signals were
sounded and the soldiers rushed into
the streets. Shots whistled through the
air and cries and groans arose on all
Residents Take to Cellars.
"We did not dare to leave our houses
and took refuge in the cellars, where
ve stayed through the long and fear
ful hours. Our shelters were lighted
by the reflections of burning houses.
Firing continued unceasingly and we
feared that at any moment our houses
would be burned over our heads. At
daybreak I crawled out to the street
door and saw nothing but a raging
sea of fire. At 9 A. M. the shooting
had diminished. We resolved to make
a dash to the station, abandoning our
home and all our belongings except
what we could carry.
"We rushed out. What we saw on
the way to the station is hardly de
scrlbable. Everything was burning; the
streets were covered with bodies of
victims who had been shot, some of
them half burned.
"Everywhere proclamations had been
posted summoning every man to assist
In extinguishing the flames and order
ing women and children to stay in the
houses. The station was crowded with
fugitives I was Just trying to show
an officer my papers when the soldiers
separated me from my wife and chil
dren. AO protests were useless. A lot
of us were marched off to a big
shed In the freight yard from where
we could see the finest buildings of the
city and beautiful historical monu
ments being burned.
300 Men and Boys Shot.
"Shortly afterwards German soldiers
drove before them 300 men and lads
to the corner of the Boulevard Van
Tienen and Maria Theresa street, op
posite the Cafe Varmalen. There they
were shot. The sight tilled us with
"The burgomaster two magistrates,
the rector of the university and all
the police officials already had been
"With our hands bound behind our
backs we were then marched off by
soldiers without having seen our wives
and children. From Mont Cesar we
had a full view of the burning town.
The church of St. Pierre was In flames,
while the troops incessantly sent shot
after shot into the unfortunate town.
"We came through the village of
llerent one single heap of ruins, where
another group of prisoners. Including
half a dozen priests, joined us.
"Suddenly, about 1 o'clock, evident
ly as the result of some false alarm,
we were ordered to kneel and soldiers
stood behind us. with their rifles ready
to fire, using us as shields. Fortunately
for us, nothing happened. After a
delay of half an hour our march was
continued. No conversation was allowed
and the soldiers continually maltreated
us. One soldier struck me witfl the
butt end of his rifle. I could hardly
walk any farther but had to.
"After 36 hours of ceaseless excite
ment and danger, we arrived at Malines,
where we were able to buy some food
and from there escaped to Holland. I
still do not know where my family la."
EVERY BRITON SUMMONED
iContinued From First Page.)
er alone, was responsible for the war.
and that power was Germany.
"Not a single colleague in the Cab
inet repented the decision, which has
passed from one of diplomacy to one of
honor," he declared. "It would be a
criminal mistake to underestimate
either the magnitude, the fighting
qualities or the staying power of the
forces arrayed against the allies," the
Tremler went on. "It would be equally
foolish and insensible to belittle our
own forces, whether In resistance or
He praised France and Russia as two
of the greatest powers who did not
mean to separate themselves from
Great Britain any more than Great
Britain meant to separate herself from
them. He declared that if Great Brit
ain were to play a worthy part in this
war, she must enlarge the scale of her
forces, increase her numbers and mul
tiply many times her effective lighting
Indian Troops o on Way
Referring to the Indian troops. Pre
mier Asquith said that two divisions
of that magnificent army were already
on their way. Their association with
the home and Dominion troops, he de
clared, would maintain the flag which
symbolizes unity and which no arms
could dissever of dishonor.
Referring to affairs at home, the
Premier declarea that since the order
of mobilization had been given Be
tween 250.000 and 300,000 recruits have
been secured. He made an appeal to
non-commissioned officers to return to
the army and offer their services.
The Premier said his appeal was ad
dressed as much to employers as to the
men who should be assured reinstate
ment in their positions on their re
turn. As to -the progress of the war, the
Premier declared that In hlB judgment,
in whatever direction he looked, there
were abundant grounds for pride and
"I will not say more," he said, "be
cause I think we should bear In mind
that we are at the present time watch,
ing the fluctuations of fortune in the
early stages of what is going to be
a protracted struggle. We must culti
vate patience, endurance and steadfast
ness and everyone must do his or her
appropriate part in the common
Bonar Law Accuses Kaiser.
The Guild Hall meeting came to an
end with speeches by Bonar Law,
leader of the Unionist party in the
House of Commons, and ex-Premier
"Our self-governing dominions
throughout the empire, without any so
licitation on our part, demonstrated
with a spontaneousness and unanimity
unparalleled in history their determina
tion to affirm their brotherhood with
us and to make our cause their own.
Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South
Africa and Newfoundland, children of
the empire, assert, not as an obliga
tion, but as a privilege, their right and
their willingness to contribute money
and material, and what is better than
all, their strength, their sinews, their
fortunes and the lives of their best
men. India, too, with no less alacrity,
claimed her part.
Patriotic Memories Invoiced.
"Let us keep in mind our patient and
indomitable seamen, never relaxing for
a moment their stern vigil on the lone
ly seas. Let us keep In mind our gal
lant troops, who today, after a fort
night's continuous fighting, under con
ditions which try the mettle of the
best army that ever took the field,
maintain not only an undefeated but an
"Finally, let us recall the memories
of the great men and the great deeds
of the past. Let us not forget the dy
ing message of the younger Pitt in his
last public utterance in this Guildhall
Itself: 'England has saved herself by
her exertions and will, as I trust, save
Europe by her example.'
"The England of those days gave a
noble answer to his appeal and did not
sheathe the sword until, after nearly
20 years' fighting, the freedom of Eu
rope was secured. Let us go and do
Mr. Law declared that the key to
peace or war had been In Berlin for
nearly a generation. The head of the
German government had merely to
whisper the word "peace," and there
would have been no war. "He did not
speak that word," Mr. Law continued,
"but drew the sword, and may the ac
cursed system for which he stood per
ish by It."
Mr. Balfour said Great Britain had
entered the war because honor and in
terests could not be divorced and be
caused of a nation which strove for
great power, but which was utterly ig
norant how to use It.
The meeting closed with the singing
of the National Anthem. Later In an
apartment adjoining the Guild Hall,
many recruits were enrolled.
KECRTJITIXG RUSH PROGRESSES
Events In Northern France Call Out
Sportsmen to Soldiery.
LONDON, Sept. 4 Events In North
ern France and the campaign started
by Premier Asquith and other leaders
have given immense impetus to recruit
ing. It is confidently predicted In offi
cial circles that Lord Kitchener will
have the 500,000 men he desires.
The Association of Rugby Football
Organizations has canceled all its
games, most of the players having
joined the forces. Every player on last
year's international team either Is serv
ing in the army or navy or Is training
for the service.
U ! OF ENGLAND ARRANGES TO
PROVIDE NEEDED FUNDS.
Acceptors Placed Under Obligation to
Collect From Clients as Soon
r ,-,xyt--,xt A rtavl j T.lftvli
announced tonight that an arrange
ment has Deen arrivea at io remuvo lub
difficulties caused Dy tne Dreaauown
f foreign exchanges.
TT.l .!.(,. ., .... , an . .1,. R-j n If nf
UUUCI A. I IIBC.UBi.i ...v
tti i .. : ..-111 ., .-, i i , I -.,-, jM.fl with
the funds necessary to pay at maturity
all bills contracted before the mora
torium was declared. Acceptors will
be under obligation to collect from
.L.I. llAn.a ,(... liirtrla rlllA thpm AS
soon as possible and apply those funds
i the advance made Dy tne Dana, lor
hlch interest will be charged at 2 per
nt above the ruling bank rates.
rr1 K.. L- imHortaVoa I I t 1ft I' 1 A i TTI
repayment of any amount not recovered
by acceptors rrom tneir cuenis lor a
period of one year after the war.
tt.ii v. nt fhln norlnn the
L 111.1 U1C J. f .
bank's claim will rank after claims In
respect of post-moratorium transac
tions. T ..-.J. - fanltnlA fppsh hiislness
and the movement of produce and mer
chandise trom ana to an parta oi mc
... 1.1 . i, .,,i... ..1i,.L- hnnki ti-iv. nr-
nuuui uic juiiifc ..w,. ......... -
ranged, with the co-operation of the
Bank of England, the government to
advance to clients the amounts neces
sary to pay their acceptances at ma-
rity where tne tunas nave not oeen
London Times Would Remedy
TENNIS NEWS IS INSTANCE
provided in due time by the clients of
Fear That " 'Mclia.nghlin' Might Be
Code for Some German Spy"
Holds Up News of 'Winning
Trophy by Australasians.
LONDON, Sept 4. The Times In an
editorial article this morning compares
the prompt manner in which the Ger
man authorities treat the dispatches
filed by Italian correspondents on the
progress of the yar with the delays,
amounting to from 24 to 48 hours,
which the British censorship Imposes
on Dutch, Italian and American, news
paper correspondents in England.
As a result, so-called German news,
the Times declares, gets a long start
throughout the world and to the united
States over news reciting the opera
tions of the allies.
"No time Is to be lost If this regret
table and indeed dangerous situation is
to be remedied, the Times says.
"The war may last long and it may
affect the very existence of the em
pires and the countries involved In It.
It Is not too much to ask that our
government should spare neither pains
nor money to Insure that neutral coun
tries, whose attitude, at critical mo
ments, may be of vital importance.
shall not be left without authentic ana
veracious information of the progress
of the war and of the fortunes of the
The vagaries of the British censor
ship pass all understanding. The war
excitement was not so intense that the
London papers did not care to print re
Dorts of the Davis cup tennis matches
in New York, but the news did not
come when it was expected. Hours -went
by. Inquiry was pursued with the cable
companies and finally it was discovered
that the incoming reports had been
held up by the censors because they
detected mystery in what they called
"the code numbers" following the
proper names. These "code numbers"
were the scores of the sets. Moreover,
the senders of the dispatches had vio
lated the ethics of censorship by not
sending the full names of the players.
" 'McLoughlin' might be code for
some German spy."
MEN SPIES DIE CALMLY
WOMEN FOUND DISGUISED AS RED
Feminine Folk, Also Attired as Nuns,
Notify Germans of Enemies'
LONDON, Aug. 23. (Special cable in
the Morning Telegraph.) The Daily
Mail's Ostend correspondent describes
certain conditions in Belgium, where
fighting has been going on, in a very
vivid manner. In part he writes:
"The spying system of the Germans
is said to be remarkably complete. One
spy was captured in a fort at Liege,
where he had been enrolled as a re
serve officer. Women spies are fre
quently found disguised as nuns or
Red Cross helpers. These latter are
known to have stolen across battle
fields frequently and notified the
enemy of the movements of the Bel
gian troops, while pretending to be
succoring the wounded.
"Scores of these spies have been
caught and executed. Belgian officers
tell me that most of the men spies die
calmly and fearlessly. The execution
of the women spies, however, is gen
erally made a terrible scene. The
women who have been sentenced to
death on the recent battlefields usually
have struggled and scratched as they
have been dragged to the post for exe
cution. "Pillaging has started on the battle
fields. One Belgian officer, who was
slightly wounded by a lance, told me
he was stripped of all his pocket pos
sessions, and then his clothing by
looters. The articles were taken while
he was unconscious for a few mo
ments. The pillagers when seen, pre
tend to belong to the Red Cross So
ciety and press a bottle of cordial to
the lips of the inanimate man they
have been robbing."
AMERICANS ARE LAUDED
Paris Embassy Men Win Approval
of French Press.
PARIS, Sept. 4. Decision of the
American Government to maintain Its
embassy in Paris during the days to
come is commented on with warm ap
preciation by nearly all the newspa
pers of the capital. The services of
Elihu Benjamin Washburne to his
countrymen and to all the residents of
Paris in 1871 are recalled. Mr. Wash
burne was American Minister here be
tween 1869 and 1877.
William Graves Sharp, appointed to
succeed Ambassador Herrlck, and who,
pending the transfer, will assist Mr.
Herrick here, and Robert Bacon, a for
mer Ambassador to France, now here,
have been referred to as a "delegation
of eminent Americana, whose presence
will be on the side of conscience and
Mr. Bacon probably will visit Bordeaux.
PASSES NEEDED AT PARIS
Military Adopt Precautionary Meas
ures at French Capital.
PARIS, Sept. 4. Beginning tonight,
no persons may leave or enter Paris
between 8 o'clock at night and 5
o'clock In the morning wlthov.t a mili
tary pass. Automobile : may enter
freely during the day, but cannot leave
Fersons are permitted to pass with
out challenge through certain gates,
while other gates are closed, harden
ers bringing fresh vegetables to the
city are permitted to enter at half-
hour Intervals quring tne nigni.
BUSH & LANI7
AH HONEST PIANO AT AN HONEST PRICE.
It possesses Individuality In Tone Quality and In Ca. Designs-
Merit Is the Foundation of Its Success.
For Construction, Simplicity and Durability, the
LAVE PLATER-PIANOS ARE MARVEL.
COME AND SEE FOR YOURSELF.
Portland Branch 433-435 Washington Street
Come to Our Birthday Party
and Share in Saturday's Sales
All Over the Store Are
Birthday Sales for Men, Women and Children
CrUrah-noW sC Martt On
25c English Juvenile Cloth 20c
The greatest of all material for school dresses, also
admirably adapted for house dresses, boys' wash suits,
men's shirts. The colors guaranteed. Of higher count and
heavier weight than any similar cloth on the market. In
stripes, checks and solid colors. Basement
$1.25 to $2.00
Hats at 75c
In regulation shapes with
high and medium crowns,
having stitched or bound
In castor, Oxford, steel
gray, brown, red, navy blue,
black and white.
Also telescope shapes in
black and gray only.
Sizes for boys from 2 to
12 years. Fourth Floor
New Collars and
Vestees of Organdie
Sheerest organdie collars in
square and round effects, in
flaring shapes that can easily
be wired, vestees with collars at
tached, trimmed down front with
dainty little crochet buttons, fin
ished with picot edge and many
Also broad cuff sets and sep
arate collars of fine pique.
The First Big' Sale of the Season
of Boys' Hig'h-Grade School Suits
Suits Selling From $10.00 to $11.50 for $7.95
Suits Selling to $13.50 for $8.95
Suits Selling to $14.50 for $9.95
. In Sizes From C to 18 Years
Three groups of fine clothing for the schoolboys, which eome from one
of the most exclusive manufacturers of boys' clothing in America.
Made of fine all-wool tweeds, homespuns and fancy imported cloths,
in mixtures, checks, herringbones and diagonals. In gray, brown. Oxfords,
tan. blue and black with white.
You will find Norfolk and sack styles, fancy English models with patch
pockets and stitched down or loose belts. And pants in knickerbocker style,
full lined and taped seams.
These suits are perfect as to workmanship and finish, splendid fitting and
made to withstand the hardest kind of wear. Fourth Floor
Boys' Corduroy Pants $1.00
In Sizes From 5 to 16 Years
These pants are made of extra quality corduroy ii; tan golden brown
and mouse color. They are well made, all having taped seams and
fashioned in the knickerbocker style. Fourth Floor.
Necklaces $3.00 Each
Of Indestructible Pearls
Regular Price $7.00
These exquisite necklaces were
bought by one of our buyers in
Europe and were especially se
lected in one of the foremost
shops of Paris. Which makes it
possible for us to offer them at
There are exactly 120 strings
in the assortment, in cream, white
and rose, in opera lengths and
mounted with gold clasps.
New Hat Pin
Cunning little imitation golf
bags, containing two sterling sil
ver hat pins in the form of golf
sticks and this little novelty sells
complete for 25c. Would make
an ideal gift and could be used
for favors at a luncheon.
French Jet Beads 50c
Real French jet cut
beads, graduated in opera
lengths, and long lengths
to be worn with the coat.
WttSt I 'luor
They Have Just Arrived
New School Dresses for Girls From 6 to 14 Years
. And Join the Birthday Sale Today
$4.00 Wool Serge Dresses $2.95
$6.00 Wool CHallie Dresses $3.95
The wool serge dresses are of a very fine quality and fashioned
in the long-waisted style and with tunics, and set-in sleeves.
Trimmed with a plaid silk belt, and fine pleating around the
collar and cuffs. Can be had in navy blue or brown.
These little dresses have just come in and express very cleverly
the new styles for the new season and yet are very youthful and at
the same time practical.
The Dresses of Wool Challie
can be had in both light and dark colors in neat, dainty patterns in floral
and conventional designs in contrasting effective colorings.
There are two distinct models one with the very long-waisted belted
style and plaited skirt, having new set-in sleeves, and Medici collar forming
vest of white silk and white silk cuffs and belt.
The second model has a double tunic skirt and long waist-deep yoke,
piped with satin and satin girdle, lace collar. Fourth Floor.
Dresses on sale in styles as illustrated.
First Showing of Hats and Bonnets for Little Girls
From It8 Yrars.
The newest styles for the little girls are now here. Many of them
are exact copies of imported models. Velvets, velours, felts, plushes are
most in evidence, hardly two hats alike. They have the new soft crowns,
and turned-up brims faced with pretty colors, many are in bonnet shape,
or in plain turned-down effects. Trimmings of fur. French flowers, laces,
silks, Roman striped and plain ribbons, rosettes. Some have strings to tie,
others fastened with elastic.
Priced from $1.50 to $7.50. , Fourth Floor.
New Fall Coats for Girls
2 to 8 Years
Zibeline, plush, corduroy, velvet, astrachan. broadcloth, boucle and
fancy English mixtures are the materials.
In black. Labrador blue, Copen, new brown, navy, new green, red.
plaid and checks.
Made in box style, with or without wide belts, many in Russian
style. Cape coats, some of which have adjustable capes. Yoke effects,
coats that button close around the neck, single and double breasted
Trimmings of fur, velvet, plush, Roman striped and moire silk and
Coats for every purpose are to be found in our new stock .
From $3.00 to $17.50. Fourth Floor.
For the Girl Who Is Just Between Sizes
We are making a specialty of dresses for the growing girl who is over
developed, and not old enough to wear junior styles. These dresses are
in pretty girlish styles, yet are proportioned to fit the girl who could not wear
the average sizes. They show the new tunics, plain or plaited, simulated
basque and plaited waists, others with vests, deep belts of satin, collars and
cuffs of contrasting silks. Serges and challies are the materials, and they
come in many desirable colors. Sizes II. 13, 14 and 15. Priced from
$6.50 to $17.50. Fourth Floor.
New Fall Suits and Coats for
Girls and Young Women
Every few days the scene changes as new arrivals add
the spice of the most recent styles in apparel for girls.
Among the Autumn suits, $15.00 to $40.00, these
are the predominating features:
New coats, full length, or shorter models.
Country Club, Redingote and Russian styles.
Materials, serges, poplins, cheviot, diagonals, checks and fancy
Broadtail, silk braid and velvet trimmed.
Skirts plaited or in yoke and tunic effects.
Colors are navy, brown, green, prune. Coper, and Labrador
Sizes 15 to 17 years.
Young Women's Coats $10.00 to $25.00
Full swing skirt and English flare styles, also cape effects with
Close-fitting and convertible collars nnd large rever effect.
Trimmings of velvet, broadtail, fancy buttons and silk braid.
Made of plain and fancy zibeline, cheviot, boucle, plaid or Eng
lish mixtures. v
Sizes Id to 17 years. Fourth Floor
New Rain Coats for Girls
Which Would Sell Regularly at $17.50
Birthday Sale $10.95
These coats are well tailored throughout, and made of a
serviceable quality of Priestly mixture cloth. They are in
loose-belted style, with yoke in the back, large, close collar
and strap sleeves and come in three-quarter length. Splendid
coats for school wear and stormy weather. Sizes 1 5 and 1 7.
In the Girls'
with hats for misses and
children for school and
ready to wear, showing
of plush, corduroy, mixed
cloths and plaids, new
shapes and trimmings.
Prices 95c to $2.50.