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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1914)
THE 3IORXING OREGOXIAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER .. 1914.
ASQUITH SPEECH IS
MESSAGE TO FRANCE
Nation Bidden to Stand Firm,
Though Paris Falls, Trust
i ing to Britain.
NATIONS' HONOR AROUSED
Russia Eager to Play Creditable
Hole In Eyes of Allies Recruit
ing Finds People Calm, Pa
tient and Determined.
LONDON. Sept. 4. (Special.) The
Guild Hall demonstration today was
more than a can to the military man
hood of the United Kingdom to take
its place In the Held. Premier As
quith's speech was a message to
France, bidding that nation stand firm
even if Paris falls, trusting Britain to
preserve it and break the power of
Germany. international i;uiuiuwa.ji
is one of the most vital forces in this
Nations are on their mettle. Russia
Is eager to play a creditable role in the
eyes of Britain and France and these
nations are moved by impulses of honor
and pride. They long to gratify each
other and show Russia that while their
numbers are smaller, they are capable
of looking after the western end of
British Steadiness Is Factor.
German writers dilate on the disin
clination ot Britons to enlist, but in
this respect they can mislead them
selves. The Briton does not respond
automatically. His perception is not
quick and things must soak into him.
He acts after he has pondered. When
the fact strikes home, as it is striking
home to the national consciousness,
that England is face to face with an
historical crisis of the first order, the
Briton will assume the post of duty
and when he takes his place he will
not relinquish it readily. He is perhaps
the best defensive soldier in the world.
It is his quality of steadiness that
makes him a big factor in this war.
For this is a war in which the oppo
nents of Germany must win in the first
stages at least, if they win at all, by
skill and doggedness in defense.
Kitchener Unmoved by Fancy.
Put Tommy Atkins in a trench or
behind a rock or knoil and tell him to
shoot and keep on shooting and he will
do it with persistence until he Is or
dered to retreat or is killed.
ICveryone who talks with the Secre
tary of War. Lord Kitchener, is Im
pressed by the humdrum nature of his
military thinking. He indulges in no
dramatic fancies. Visionary ideas of
brilliant offensive movements leave
blna cold-eyed, stolid and mute.
Talk of the extreme exhaustion of
the German army and of German sol
diers, dead beat from the night-and-day
advance since the siege of Liege,
asleep In their tracks and holding
their guns like wax figures, elicits
from him only a grunt. He keeps
steadily in view the fact that Ger
many's army is the greatest military
organization ever produced and that it
will require the most dogged efforts of
the compieratively non-military nations
for months, if not years, to destroy its
menace to the freedoni of other coun
tries. Picked Men Are Enlisting:.
Eagerness to join the colors is man
ifesting itself increasingly from day to
day and the recruiting stations are
jammed. The quality of the appli
cants for enrollment is such that they
suggest crowds of picked men. It is
clear that the nation is responding to
Lord Kitchener's slogan, "Your King
and country need you." Bands are
playing continually in the streets of
towns and villages and behind the mu
sicians march recruits in ranks four
deep, bound for the training grounds.
Tens of thousands of men are ar
ranging their private affairs prepara
tory to enlistment and young men of
all rlasses are becoming more warlike
daily. Chauffeurs, footmen, grooms
and valets mingle with their employers
In the palpitating air of the recruit
ing roomy. As the day advances the
would-be warriors overflow the streets
and the police are kept busy to pre
The patience of the crowds is in
credible. Used now to the .inade
quacy of the recruiting machinery, the
men bring sandwiches in their pockets
and take lunch and tea standing. The
spaces about the recruiting stations are
littered with crumbs, scrapB of meat
and grease-stained paper.
.Sometimes as an antidote for bore
dom the men break into such songs as
"The Farmer's Boy" and "It's a Long
Way to Tipperary," the hoarse cho
ruses ending in shouts of laughter.
The work on the training grounds is
tamped with the thoroughness and se
verity of Lord Kitchener. It is no part
of this somber soldier's plan to tiing
Immature troops into the vortex of
war. Life in camp consists in trench
ii-cing. ' construct. on . --ji
arduous marchins. rifle and (fun pr
tjee and long guard duty while sleep
weighs heavily on unaccustomed eyelids.
Japanese alliance did not obligate
Japan to send troops to protect Brit
ish Interests in India or Persia, yet. it
was said, Japan is being guided some
what by the broad spirit of the agree
ment and by the feeling that as her
ally's interests In Asia are at stake,
she must aid wherever It may be de
sired. Veiled statements in press dispatches
from Tokio that thousands of Japan
ese troops bad been embarked on
transports led many observers to think
they were going to France and aroused
much speculation here. Some thought
it not unlikely that, shrouded in the
mystery of strict censorship, Japan may
even now be preparing for extensive
movements in Western Asia.
Attack on Persia Discussed.
The possibility of an attack by Tur
key on Persia as a blow at both Rus
sia and England, who have spread their
Drotection over that state, was dis
cussed amonK diplomats as a likely re
sult of a declaration of war by the
Porte. Incidentally the landing of
Japanese troops on Chinese territory
has awakened no diplomatic apprehen
sions among Administration officials,
who are confident that no hostile act
toward China is intended.
At the Japanese legation it is said
that the Japanese have as much right
to march through Chinese territory as
the Germans had to march through
BelKium. though China has removed
complications by deciding not to op
WILSON URGES WAR
TAX WITHOUT DELAY
Only Suggestion President
Makes Is That Source Be
TREASURY TO BE GUARDED
ULSTERMEN GOING TO WAR
In First Hour or Recruiting 700
I Moil for Foreign Service.
BELFAST. Ireland. Sept. 4 (via Lon
don.) Within an hour after the open
ing today of the recruiting office for
Ulster Volunteers. 700 men of the
North Belfast regiment had enrolled
for foreign service.
Sir Edward Carson, leader of the
Ulster Unionists, addressed a battalion
of volunteers, assuring the men that
"sjjfficient volunteers will remain in
Ulster to protect It from Invasion. It
will keep as a province for you until
PERSIA. EGYPT, IN PERIL
(Continued From First Ps.)
possible in British and Russian pos
sessions, lie thought it not unlikely la
such event that Egypt might be In
vaded. He felt certain that German?
would stand by Turkey, but referred to
Koumanla as an unknown quantity.
Ureece. it Is known, has her army
mobilized ready to strike at Turkey on
land and sea.
While Turkey is delaying action the
allies are surveying the field, it is be
lieved, looking forward to Joint opera
tions with Japan in the Persian Gulf
while the Mediterranean fleets of the
allies direct their attention to Turkish
ports on the western coast of Asia
Japan Views Agreement Broadly.
The situation, it is believed, already
lias caused Japan to consult Great
Britain as to possible assistance in
quarters other than the Chinese seas.
At the Japanese embassy it was said
tuday that strictly speaking the Anglo-
AID TO BRITONS CHARGE
GERMAN AMBASSADOR SAYS TOW
YORK IS SUPPLY DEPOT.
Intercepted Wireless Messages Show
Orders for Fuel and Provisions
Were Seat From Cruiser.
NEW YORK, Sept. 4. Count von
Bernstorff, the German Ambassador,
said today he had positive Information
British cruisers had received supplies
of fuel, provisions and ammunition
from New York while lying off the
Count von Bernstorff said he made
an official complaint to Secretary of
State Bryan at Washington about the
provisioning and coaling of the British
"I have positive information," he con
tinued, "that the cruisers sent wire
less messages to the British consulate
in New York. Soon afterward a vessel
flying the American flag, accompanied
by several coal barges, put out of New
York harbor to the cruisers and, at a
point 10 mile's outside the three-mile
limit, supplied them with ammunition,
coal and provisions. According to my
information, this has been going on
for some time."
Intercepted wireless messages seem
to explain Count von Bernstorff's
charges. One such message was re
ceived by H. B. Hunt, 128 West Sev
entieth street, New York, from the
British cruiser Suffolk through the
Marconi station at Siasconsett, Mass.
Hunt was directed to bring provisions
and newspapers to a point two miles
south or" Ambrose lightship at 11
o'clock the following morning. Among'
the provisions asked for was fresh beef.
The following day, as the White Star
liner Olympic passed quarantine, bound
out, she sent from her wireless the call
letters of the Suffolk, and after receiv
ing an acknowledgment, transmitted a
dispatch signed "Hunt." In this "Hunt"
Informed the commander of the British
cruiser that he had been at a ppint
two miles south of the lightship at 11
o'clock that morning, but as the Suf
folk failed to put in an appearance he
would be there again at 3 that after
noon. Whether any provisions were
actually delivered could not be deter
mined. SORORITY GIRLS ARE FREE
German Authorities Release Trio,
Now on Way Home.
STANFORD UNIVERSITY. Cal., Sept.
4. After detention by German officials
at Heidelberg, three Stanford sorority
girls. Miss Carolina Squires, Miss Ruth
Squires and Miss Katherine Sheldon, of
Palo Alto, have cabled their relatives
that they have secured passage to
America. The young women were al
lowed to proceed from Heidelberg to
Rotterdam and thence to London. Ac
cording to the cable message the vessei
on which the party crossed the Eng
lish Channel narrowly missed hitting
a floating mine.
Nation's Peace of Mind Threatened
If Circumstances Permit Doubt
of Financial Strength Bor
rowing Not Advised.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 4. "We shall
pay the bill, though we did not deliber
ately Incur it," said President Wilson
today, presenting before a Joint session
of Congress his appeal for an emerg
ency internal revenue measure to raise
$100,000,000, the Government's probable
loss in customs receipts because of the
war in Europe.
Prompt action was necessary, the
President said, "in order to keep the
Treasury strong." His only suggestion
as to the method for levying the tax
was that sources be chosen that would
"begin to yield at once and yield with
a certain and constant flow."
Action Taken Promptly.
The appeal met with quick action. As
soon as the President had left the
House chamber amidst an outburst of
applause Speaker Clark referred the
message to the ways and means com
mittee. Democratic members of the
committee met tonight at the call of
the chairman. Representative Under
wood, and began consideration of plans
to raise the additional revenue. Various
members suggested sources which they
believed could be properly subjected
to additional taxation. On the list sug
Gasoline, a tax of 1 or 2 cents a gal
lon; railroad and amusement tickets,
a tax of 5 to 10 per cent; beer, an in
crease of 50 cents a barrel; domestic
wines, whisky, an increase of 15 cents
a gallon; proprietary articles, tobacco
and tobacco products; chewing gum,
soft drinks, playing cards.
Ticket Tax Stirs No Enthusiasm.
The proposal to tax railroad tickets
was not received with enthusiasm by
the members of the committee, al
though it was estimated that a 5 per
cent tax would raise $40,000,000.
Mr. Underwood said the articles sug
gested would be gone over by the
Democrats of the committee and a list
of taxable articles would be agreed on
by eliminations. This list will be sub
mitted to the Treasury Department,
probably early next week, for esti
mates as to the amounts to be raised
on each, and the rate of taxation. When
the bill is completed in committee, it
probably will be brought into the
House under a special rule and hurried
The President said:
"Gentlemen of the Congress, 1 come
to you today to discharge a duty which
I wish with all my heart I might have
been spared; but it is a duty which
Is very clear and therefore I perform
it without hesitation or apology. 1
come to ask very earnestly that addi
tional revenue be provided for the Gov
ernment. Vailing Oft In August Is 10,820,538.
"During trie month of August there
was, as compared with the corre
sponding month of last year, a falling
off of $10,629,538 in the revenues col
lected from customs. A continuation of
this decrease in the same proportion
throughout the current fiscal year
would probably mean a loss of customs
revenues of from $60,000,000 to $100,
000,000. I need not tell you to what
this falling off is due. It is due, in
ch(ef part, not to the reductions re
cently made in the customs duties, but
to the great decrease in Importations;
and that is due to the extraordinary
extent of the. Industrial area affected
by the present war in Europe. Condi
tions have arisen which no man fore
saw; they affect the whole world of
commerce and economic production;
and they must be faced and dealt with.
"It would be very unwise to postpone
dealing with them. Delay in such a
matter and In the particular circum
stances in which we now find ourselves
as a Nation might involve consequences
of the most embarrassing and deplorable
sort, for which 1. for one. would not
care to be responsible. It would be
very dangerous in the present circum
stances to create a moment's doubt as
to the strength and sufficiency of the
Treasury of the United States; its abil
ity to assist, to steady and sustain the
financial operations of the country's
finances. If the Treasury is known, or
even thought, to be weak, where will
be our peace of mind? The whole in
dustrial activity of the country would
be chilled and demoralized. Just now
the peculiarly difficult financial prob
lems of the moment are being success
fully dealt with, with great self-possession
and good sense and very sound
judgment; but they are only in process
of being worked out. If the process
of solution is to be completed no one
must be given reason to doubt the so
lidity and adequacy of the Treasury of
the Government, which stands behind
the whole method by which our diffi
culties are being met and handled.
Treasury Needs Present Funds.
"The Treasury itself could get along
for a considerable period, no doubt,
without immediate resort to new
sources of taxation. But at what cost
to the business of the community? Ap
proximately $75,000,000, a large part
of the present Treasury balance, is
now on deposit with National banks
distributed throughout the country. It
is deposited, of course, on call. I need
not point out to you what the prob
able consequences of inconvenience and
distress and confusion would be If the
diminishing income of the Treasury
should make It necessary rapidly to
withdraw these deposits. And yet
without additional revenue that plain
ly might become necessary and the
time when it became necessary could
not be controlled or determined by the
convenience of the business of the
country. It would have to be determined
ay the operations and necessities of
:he Treasury itself. Such risks are not
necessary and ought not to be run. We
cannot too scrupulously or carefully
tafeguard a financial situation which
Is at best, while war continues in Eu
rope, difficult and abnormal. Hesita
tion and delay are the worst forms of
jad policy under such conditions.
Borrowing Is Deprecated.
"And we ought not to borrow. We
ought to resort to taxation, however
we may regard the necessity of put
ting additional temporary burdens on
our people. To sell bonds would be to
make a most untimely and unjusti
fiable demand on the money market,
untimely because this is manifestly not
the time to withdraw working capital
from other uses to pay the Govern
ment's bills; unjustifiable because un
necessary. The country Is aDie to pay
any just and reasonable taxes without
distress. And to every other form of
borrowing, whether for long periods
or for short, there is the same objec
tion. These are not the circumstances,
this is at this particular moment and
in this particular exigency not the
market to borrow large sums of money.
What we are seeking is to ease and as
sist every financial transaction, not
to add a single additional embarrass
ment to the situation. The people of
this country are both intelligent and
profoundly patriotic. They are ready
to meet tlie present conditions in tne
right way and to support the Govern
ment with generous self denial. They
know and understand and will be in
tolerant only of those who dodge re
sponsibility or are not frank with
Bill MUSt He iniil.
'The occasion is not of our own mak
ing. We had no part in minus n. nut
it is here. It affects us as directly and
palpably almost as if we were partici
pants in the circumstances which gave
rise to it. We must accept the Inevit
able with calm judgment and unruffled
spirits, like men accustomed to deal
ing with the unexpected, habituated to
take care of themselves, masters of
their own . affairs and their own for
tunes. We shall pay the bill though
we did not deliberately incur It.
"In order to meet every demand upon
the Treasury without delay or perad
venture and in order' to keep the Treas
ury strong, unquestionably strong, and
strong throughout the present anxie
ties, I respectfully urge that an addi
tional revenue of $100,000,000 be raised
through internal taxes devised in your
wisdom to meet the emergency. The
only suggestion I take the liberty of
making is that such sources of revenue
be chosen as will begin to yield at
once and yield with a certain and con
"I cannot close without expressing
the confidence with which I approach
a Congress, with regard to this or any
other matter, which has shown so un
tiring a devotion to public duty, which
has responded to the needs of the Na-
Saturday, September 5
(Goods now on display, but no measures taken at this price until
To thoroughly advertise our new establishment so that every
man -wall know the name of J. L. Bowman & Co., wholesale and
retail tailors, with agencies in every well-dressed community in
the West, we will for one day only make to measure the pick and
choice, without reserve, any imported or domestic suiting in our
house for only
: Our regular prices are $25, $30, $35, $37.50, $40, $45 and $50.
On many suits which will be measured Saturday the $25 will
not get the cost back, but we will charge the difference to our
You will be both surprised and pleased to see the splendid
collection of suitings to choose from, hundreds of beautiful fabrics
in the latest shades and weaves are here for your choice, many
of them having been made for us by the best mills in both this
country and Europe.
Remember, Saturday of this week, our cutters will all be
busy measuring suits. We expect to book at least 200 suits on
this dav at the special price of $25, and they will all be made up
during the following week or 10 days right here in Portland in our
electrically-equipped tailor shops, which are the finest and most
modern in the West.
Salesrooms, Offices and Shops,
THIRD AND STARK STREETS
tion throughout a long session despite
inevitable fatigue and personal sacri
fice and so large a proportion of whose
members have devoted their whole time
anS energy to the business of the coun
try." AUSTRIAN STEAMER SUNK
H-m-h Uriiiser Takes Off Crew,
Then Sends Vessel to Bottom.
LONDON. Sept. 4. The sinking of the
Austrian steamer Bathori by a British
cruiser in the Bay of Biscay was re
tried today. The Austrian steamer re
fused to heave to until the cruiser put
a shot across her bow. The warship
i,n ,n.,lc ,.ff the crew of 26 and sent
.h. trr,er tn the bottom. The pris
oners taken included a German
perlal staff officer.
The Bathori was a steamer ot
- sth niied between Flume
French ports and was last reported in
Havre roads August 5.
31 ARE INDICTED
MAP SHOWING FORMIDABLE DEFENSES OF PARIS.
, ... ..--n. it, ... i ... . , tmmsmmm
1 : 1
A, B, C Intrenched camps No. I, t and
. resoectively .
1 Fort Crin titles.
: Fort Cotillon.
.. Fort Franconvllle.
4 Doable Coronne du Nord.
6 Fort de I'Est.
7 Fort Oudervtllers.
8 Fort I -lory.
0 Fort Blanc Mesnil.
10 Fort Vaojours.
No. 23 Fort de Montrone.
No. 26 Fort de LaiDail.
No. 27 Fort de Villeneuve St. Georges.
No. 28 New works.
No. t Fort d'Athis.
No. SO Fort de Lonjouraeau.
No. 31 Fort Palaiseau.
No. 32 Fort d'lusy.
No. 33 Fort de Chstillon.
Nos. 34, 35 ami 38 Batteries.
No. 37 Fort VUIeras.
No. 38 Fort da Haut Buc.
No. 12 Fort do Noisy.
No. IS Fort de Vllliers.
No. 11 Fort de Cnsmplcny.
No. 15 Fort do Seey.
No. 16 Fort de Mainville.
No. 17 Fort do Noisy (inner).
No. 18 Fort de Bosny.
No. 19 Fort do F ontenay.
No. 20 Fort de Nog-ent.
No. 21 Fort de Jolnville.
No. 22 Fort de CUarenton.
No. 23 Fort d'lvry.
. . - . , m i "4 1 nn ue lii.nrc.
' Because of the SB-mile spread of the intrenched camps the investing army will have ittal
will necessitate the presence ot not t-ww tnan :. T-.-rT. .. Vrh ., hav- ,heir b,.e ot hUPoly rt
that Paris can be successiuny oeieno.ee, oy. , . " "7. - -" -"" mv teue to their rear.
of necessity, araw tneir am mumnuu -u x.. . .
No. 39 Batteries Bouviers.
No. 40 Fort de St. Cyr. ,
Nos. 41, 42 and 43 Fort de Marly and
No. 44 Fort Valerlen.
No. 45 Fort Airremont.
No. 46 Fort de l'Hautle.
No, 47 Fort de Vadvres.
No. is Fort Redout de St. Cyr.
V, 49 I-'ort do DomnDl.
No. .-,(1 Fort de Montlignon.
No. 51 Fort de Montmorency.
Washington Food Dealers Ac
cused of Price-Fixing.
Whether or not the two Centralis girls
are with her Is not known. If 1 hey are
not. It Is not believed that Ihsy my
leave Germany until thu end of hne-tlllttes.
CONSPIRACY IS CHARGED
Federal Grand Jury Acts and De
partment of Justice Says Inves
tigations in OUicr States Will
Sooy Bcur Fruit.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 4. Thirty-one
food dealers were indicted here today
bv a Federal arand jury undsr the
Sherman law on counts charging price
fixing. It was the first big develop
ment in the investigation the Depart
ment of Justice is conducting, at the
direction of the President, against food
dealers who are alleged to have seized
on the war as a pretext to lncreaso the
cost of living.
All the indicted men are local pro
duce dealers or commission merchants.
No Nationally known firm was indicted.
Agents Working Elsewhere.
At the Department of Justice It was
said Government agents, working in
many states for evidence of price-fixing,
were expected to make reports
soon, which officials believed would be
the basis of other indictments.
Concerning further prosecutions, At
torney-General Gregory today said:
"Under conditions now existing
throughout tbe world capitalization of
misfortune and oppression of our own
people by the arbitrary increase of the
prices of foodstuffs are so peculiarly
reprehensible that whenever convic
tions can be oDtaineu tne asisa aswwss
will Insist upon sentences of imprison
ment; no fine or no civil remedy will
Prison Sentences to Be Asked For.
"United States Attorneys are being
Instructed promptly to ask for Indict
ments whenever the facts will permit.
to push these to early trial, and on
convictions to insist upon prison sen
"It must, of course, be remembered
that without the District of Columbia,
only those agreements and combina
tions which affect directly interstate
or foreign commerce can be readied.
As to other matters state statutes must
be relied upon."
The men Indicted here today are
charged with having fixed prices every
day and having circulated price liats
which completely eliminated a com
netltlve market for. food. The penalty
on conviction is a year's imprisonment
or a 1000 fine, or both.
Bench warrants were Issued for all
the Indicted men and ball was given
for their appearance in court.
front of substantially 100 miles, and this
sieae Dracticable. Competent authorities
in Paris Itself.
while the besiegers must.
TWO DAUGHTERS MISSING
Ceutruliit Music Teacher Hear Xo
Word From Glrle in Germany.
CENTRALIA. Wash., Sept. 4 (Spe
cial.) Karl Pltaer. supervisor of music
in the Centralia schools. Is worried over
the fate of his daughters. Luna and
Leonora, who have been studying music
at Wlodbach, Germany, for the past
year and a half.
Herr Pltzer recently received a card
from thorn that was written the day
before war was declared. The PlUer
girls were with Nellie Collins, a Pe Ell
girl, wnoSC mowier umm t dloi ,u wuiu
that sue is in London oa her way home.
Foreign Student to licl liulleiin
WASHINGTON. Sept. 4. Commie- !
loner Claxton. of the Federal Bureau f
of Education, authorized today the
immedfete publication of a special bul
letin describing facilities for profes
sional and collegiate study in the
United States for distribution amotia
foreign students, who. he asserted, now
would have to look elsewhere than
Europe for higher education. The bul
letin will be printed In several lan-
I doubt if any caller nere ever even
Imagined that new and tine pianos and
player pianos wuuld ever be obtainable
for such little prices. It has never
been possible heretofore because there
was never such a necessity for Immedi
ate closing out a high-class stock of
a quality piano house. Aelde from
selling moat of the Instruments for
what they cost us and some for even
less, we are willing to sell on little
payments. It's easy to pay or even
$10 a month. Look Into this. It will
pay to get a piano or modern player
piano now. See announcement. "An
Urgent Sacrlti. c. " on page 7, this Is
sue. Ellsworth, Barnes & Darey Storo
Is open every evening till sale closes.
Manning's Coffee Store
Fourth and Alder
QUICK 10 HEAL
Skin dlnorders which cause Itching,
burning and aggravation are aasllv
healed by Poslam. And relief greteril
relief, when Itching stops and Irritation
is allayed comes at once, as a
1 1 , tha WArk Which POSlSIl
doee In finally eradicating the trouble.
There la comfort ior you in mw
as soon as applied, permanent irwuwii
rrom dletreBH wnen me niwi i
tared Poslam la antiseptic; abaol
Your druggist sella Poslam. l'or free
sample write to Emergency Labora
tories. 3: West 21th Street. New Tork
Poslam Soap, used dally far toilet
and bath, acts as tonic and beautlfier
for any skin. ic and lie. Adv.