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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1914)
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 5. 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. LJV. XO. 16,781.
German Move Unsuc
cessful, Say French.
1000 BIG GUNS GUARDING CITY
Fortunes of War Alternate in
Lorraine and Vosges.
MAUBEUGE RESISTS ENEMY
Capital Considers Surrender, if Outer
Defenses Fall, to Prevent Destruc
tion of Property, and Wound
ed Are Ilcmovcii.
PAKIS, Sept. 5. The War Office at
Bordeaux late last night sent the fol
lowing communication to the press bu
"On our left the enemy appears to
neglect Paris to pursue its turning
movement. It has reached La Ferte-Sous-Pouarre
(department of Seine and
Marne, 11 miles east of Meux), passed
Rheims and descended on the west of
the river in Argonne. This maneuver
lias not succeeded today more than on
Fortunes Are Alternating.
"On our right in Lorraine and in
Vosges the fighting proceeds with al
Maubeuge, which is being violently
bombarded, resists vigorously."
Kmile Almond, president of the
finance committee of the Senate and a
military man, declared to the newspa
pers tonight that for a circumference
of 150 miles around, the entrenched
camp of Paris is defended by 1000 can
nons of large caliber, perfectly shel
tered and capable of crossing the fire
so as to defend all approaches.
Uutterlea Connected With Supplies.
The batteries are connected with sup
ply depots by miles of narrow-gauge
LONDON, Sept. 4. A dispatch to the
Tteuter Telegraph Company from Ant
werp reaching here by way of Ostend
says that it seems that the attempt of
the Germans to envelop the left wing
of the allies has been frustrated.
A big force of German cavalry ad
vancing on Compeigne lias been vigor
ously repulsed and obliged to abandon
several pieces of artillery.
Enveloping Movement Arrested.
The correspondent adds:
"It is learned on good authority that
the advance movement of the German
right wing has been checked for the
last two days under pressure from the
left wing of the allies. The enemy has
beeu compelled to retire on St. Quen
tin. A big force of German cavalry
that was advancing on Compeigne was
vigorously repulsed and forced to aban
don several pieces of artillery.
"it appears that the attempt to en
velop the allies- left wing was frus
trated." Surrender of Parts Considered.
However, according to a dispatch
from Paris, the French authorities are
considering the surrender of the city
In order to avoid destruction of prop
erty by artillery fire. This will be
done, the correspondent says, only In
case the outer line of the defenses of
Paris are passed by the invaders.
British. French and Belgian wounded
are being transferred from Paris to
other cities, and the great exodus of
the populace of the French capital to
the south continues.
The German army, at least at one
point. Is now within 20 miles of the
outer fortifications of Paris, according
to late advices received here.
Armies Around Paris 'ot In Contact.
An official statement given out in
rans says int it. ... ... .....J
nounced that the opposing armies
around Paris have not come in con
tact. They continue their movements
The statement adds:
The Germans have been checked at
Verdun. The French are successful in
Lorraine and the Vosges. The situation
has not chanced."
Late news dispatches from Dieppe de
scribe the German right as at the rear
of the retreating French through Crell,
Senlls and Crepy-en-Valols, towns 24,
I'd and 35 miles, respectively, distant
from the boundaries of Paris proper.
The fortifications of the French capital
extend roughly 10 miles beyond the
A dispatch to the Telegraph says:
"St. Quentln was the scene of a Brit
ish fight Sunday. On the British right
the French, under General Pau, scored
a distinct success. On Sunday and
Monday the Germans were hotly
pressed near Guise. The French ham
mered away at the enemy and com
pletely demoralized them. The German
lossee were heavy."
IWimilllll CLAIM VICTORIES
Cavalry Makes Haids as 1'ar as
Paris, Ambassador Is Informed.
NEW YORK, Sept. 4. Wireless dis
patches received from Nauen, Germany,
by Count von Bernstorff, German Am
, . -w... i i. nrri..iuil.. .n.
had completely defeated the Russians;
that all forts in Northern France had
been taken without a struggle, and that
the French were retreating.
The messages received at the Sayrllle
LONDON, Sept. 4. A dispatch
R.n,,,'. from Ostend timed 7:15
night saysi "At this moment fighting
Is nror.--.line In the district between
xinmt ,,nH T.rmnnHr. Belgium. The
railway near Alost has been blown sp."
LONDON, Sept. 4. A dispatch from
neuter's from Ostend says it is an
neonced there that the Germans are
bombarding Termonde (Dendermonde)
a fortified town of Belgium, 16 miles
cast of client. The town has a popn
lation of about 10,000.
PARIS. Sent. 4. The following offi
cial announcement was mnde tontghtt
"The movements of the oposed armies
outside Paris continued without any
attempt having been made today by the
enemy against our various positions.
BORDEAUX, via London, Sept.
Th 1'eIKe ClrCllllUS MTI that V.llCII J
German aeroplane tried to approach
Paris today It was wrecked near vin
hv two French airmen. The
French aviators sent a charge of grape
ahot Into the wings of the Oerman ma
chine. anew YORK. scot. 4. DJelal Bey
Ottoman Consul-Generul of New York,
' ' - ksaa todav a atatemcnt denying
Russian reports that Armenians had re
fused to serve under TurKlsn colors
and that fighting between Armenians
and Turks had occurred.
LONDON, Sept. 4. A dispatch to the
Renter Teleirram Company from Rome
says that from private news which
th, luMirlnn frontiers it
appears that great discontent prevail
..... ....... ,h.. Austrian troons of Slav na
tlonality. Several cases of insubordi
nation, It Is said, have been suppressea
by the shooting of those suspected of
disloyalty, but a mutiny in aome of the
regiments Is feared.
PARIS, Sept. 4. A Havaa Agency
dispatch from Athens says that the
liiilenrlmi Minister to urecce no as
sured the government that Bulgaria
has decided to maintain tne stricicai
neutrality until the end of the wnr.
COPENHAGEN, Sept. 4 (via London).
A dispatch to the Wolff Bureau, from
Vienna, sava that Austrian war corre-
....... .I-.... declare that the Austrlana
have been greatly embarrassed by the
actlvltlea of Russophlle Oallclans, wno
have acted as spies and scouts, espe
daily In East Gailcia.
ROTTERDAM (via London), Sept. 4.
The British Consul denies that his
government has sent an ultimatum de
manding permission to transport uril
ish triops up the river Scheldt to Ant
werp. He says the British government
desires to. preserve Holland's neutral
ity. wihim:to. Sent. 4. Baron
C'hiada. Japanese Ambassador, was for-
ii. notified today ly the state tfc-
that his rcoucst for this CHUB.
try's good offices In looking alter uo
Japanese under arrest In Berlin lor
, i, .. t . ..better nrotectlon' has been for
warded to Ambnssodor Gernrd nt Ber
invnnv Scot. 4. A dlspntch to
Rcuter's Telegraph Company, from
Rome, dated September J, aaysi -according
to a report from Servln, the
secret Servian society, 'Naroda Obraoa,'
lM preparing a revolutionary movement
In Bosnlu and Herzegovina (Austrian
provinces l which will break out sim
ultaneously with smaller movements In
Bohemia and Hungary." 1
innii: Sent. 4. Dispatches received
. Viennn describe the ridicule
..i.h nhlrh Austrian naval clrclea are
commenting on the Anglo-French fleet
in the Adriatic. They declare that, al
though this fleet Is more than three
times as powerful as that of Austria, it
never yet has dared to attack or even
Invite the Austrian fleet to battle.
TOKIO, Sept. 4. The commander of
the Japanese second squadron has re
ported to the Navy Department that a
Japanese destroyer lias run aground In
Iviau-Chau. It has been Impossible to
float the vessel, but her crew has been
LONDON. Sent. I. A Renter dispatch
from Constantinople dnted August -S
and arriving here by an indirect route
saya that the German crews of the for
mer (.erraan crnlsers (ioeben and Bres
lau are still on board those vessels.
WAR PICTURES IN THE SUN
DAY OREGON I AN.
The axiom, "The pictures tell
the story." will be proved once
more in The Sunday Oregonian,
In which will app"ear four pages
of clean-cut reproductions of
photographs, nearly all of which
were taken lit the war Bona since
the fighting began in France and
Belgium. These pictures are all
the more remarkable from the
fact that every army in the great
war prohibits the use of cameras
by civilians. A study of them
will give a vivid idea of the
character of the country which
is now overrun by millions of
armed men. how these men them
selves look In the field under
actual war conditions, and some
thing of the devastation that has
already been wrought by tha
In addition to the pictures and
the many other features that will
make The Sunday Oregonian a
valuable reference work to any
one who wishes to keep posted on
the war and who does not?
There will be a comprehensive
and carefully prepared double
page map of the war zone, show
ing virtually all the places men
tioned in the dispatches. With
the aid of this map, it will be
possible to follow the movements
of the armies and to speculate,
perhaps very closely, on what the
next moves will be in the enor
mous and terrible chess-game in
which armies are beinjj used as
pawns and world-capital take the
place of the more valuable
PERSIA, EGYPT AND
NDU IN PERIL. TOO
Extension of War Zone
JAPAN COUNTED ON FURTHER
Aid to England Against Turkey
ALLIANCE VIEWED BROADLY
Porte Affirms Neutrality, but Dip
lomats Disbelieve Protestations
and Think Entry Into War
Is Merely Delayed."
WASHINGTON. Sept. 4. Intimations
have come to many European diplomats
In 'Washington that hostilities may not
only be extended to Italy and the
Balkans, should Turkey enter the field,
but the Caucasus, Persia, Egypt and
India as well. In such event the pres
ence of Japanese troops and fleets in
Western Asia, particularly to assist
England In either India or Persia,
would not be surprising, according to
diplomats representing the allied pow
ers. While Japan has confined her pres
ent operations against German terri
tory to Kiau-Chau and the China Sea,
the spirit of the Anglo-Japanese alli
ance, after a conference with Great
Britain, might lead her to help her
Turkish Assertion Disbelieved.
A. Rustum Bey, the Turkish Am
bassador, made public a telegram from
his government which he regarded as
conclusive of his government's Inten
tion to remain neutral, but his views
were not shared by diplomats repre
senting the allies.
The latter believe that Turkey is
merely delaying announcing her Inten
tions while completing military prepa
rations. The Turkish Ambassador's
cablegram was as follows:
"By virtue of the neutrality we have
declared, the military authorities have
received orders to insure by every
means possible the entire safety of mer
chant vessels of the belligerent nations
taking refuge in our ports."
The Ambassador showed Secretary
Bryan the message, assuring him also
that Americans would be safe.
Americans Declared Safe,
"There is no danger whatever to
Americans, and there need be no fear
on that subject," said the Secretary
The Ambassador admitted later that
If Turkey entered the conflict on the
side of Germany and Austria she would
make her operations as extensive as
(Concluded on Pag 2.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 63
degrees; minimum, 55-i degree.
TODAY'S Fair and warmer; northwesterly
Germans neglect Paris to continue turning
maneuver. Page I.
Asquith bids French stand firm. Page 2.
American cruiser acting as channel terry
for refugees. Page 4.
Russian army follows ud Lemberg succe
with northward attack. Page 5.
Premier Asquith calls on every able-bodied
Briton to answer country s can. rso
Austrian defeat by Russians at Lemberg was
British censorship attacked as "dangerous
situation, needing immediate -emcuj.
President Wilson asks Congress to provide
100,000,000 more revenue. rage
Survivor of Louvain describes massacre he
says he witnessed. Page o.
Germany's finance and business reported as
withstanding war well. Page 3.
Persia, Egypt and India may be added to
war zone. Page 1.
Flight to Venice of Prince William of Wied
follows armed protest by angry citizens.
Pope names new papal secretary of state.
Thirty-one Washington dealers Indicted for
price-fixing. Page 'Z.
Pacific North went.
Prizefighter's confession clears murder mys
tery near Klamath Falls. Page 7.
Judge Benson unwilling further to concede
with Judze McNary. Page 11.
Portland divorcee and babe captured after
wild flight in polk County. Page 7.
Large crowd hears Mr. Booth at Albany;
speaker warmly cheered. Page 1.
Martial law in Butte attacked In Federal
Court. Page 0.
Coast League results: Sacramento 4, Portland
3; Oakland 3, Venice 2; San Francisco
7, Los Angeles 6. Page 12.
Sacramento sees last game today at home.
Veteran champion Travers meets youth
Ouimet for golf title today. Page 12.
Semi-pro managers settle dispute over
pitchers. Page 12.
Commercial and Marine.
Tendency of food prices upward, sayB
packer, page 17.
New high records made in Chicago wheat
pit. Page 17.
Rush orders for flour, received In Northwest,
sends wheat up. Page 16.
Apple crop good, but yield will be much less
tnan uovernment estimates. rage
Two consignments of Alaska fish arrive.
Abrupt decline in foreign exchange rates.
Portland and Vicinity.
J. W. Matthes, in Jail, blames accomplices.
Joe Knowles visfts civilization in primitive
garb. Page 16.
ROBBER HOLDS UP SALOON
Bartender and Customers Held Off
by Gun and $40 Taken.
An unmasked man entered the saloon
owned by A. Margjlis, 1205 Macadam
road, at 11:15 o'clock last night, shoved
a gun into the face of John Cheek,
bartender, lined up two occupants of
the place, and took $40 f.'om the cash
register and escaped.
The police were unable to find any
trace of the robber when they arrived
a few minutes after the holdup-.
TURKS ORDERED TO PRAY
Moslems to Petition for Success of
LONDON, Sept. 4. A dispatch to the
Evening Standard from Paris says it
is learned that the Vienna papers have
received a message from Constantinople
saying prayers for the Austrian-German
armies have been ordered in all
the Turkish mosques.
COUNTRY'S NEED PROCLAIMED
Premier Says Struggle Will Be
BLAME LAID TO GERMANY
'Sooner Than Stand Aside,' Declares
Statesman, 'We "Would See This
Country or Ours Blotted From
Pages of History.'
LONDON. Sept. 4. in tne historic
Guild Hall of London, Premier
Asaulth today started the crusade
to stimulate enlistment under the Brit
ish flag, which he intends to push
through the country. He is calling on
every able-bodied Briton of military
age to come to the help of his country
in the hour of need.
The Premier opened his Guild Hall
address with the announcement that
up to today between 275,000 and 300,000
recruits had responded to the call of
Lord Kitchener, the Secretary of War
Nation's Conscience Held Clear.
The Premier said the empire had
entered into this contest of might
versus right with clean Judgment and
a clean conscience, and added:
"What would have been our place
among the nations if we had been base
enough or so paralyzed In our sense of
honor and duty to be false to our word
and faithless to our friends? We should
have been standing by with folded arms
and with such countenance as we. could
command while this small and unpro
tected state, Belgium, was defending
her vital liberties and making a heroic
stand against overwhelming forces."
Continuing, Premier Asquith detailed
the heroic efforts of the Belgian forces.
He mentioned the siege of Liege and
enumerated countless outrages on the
part o what he termed "buccaneering
adventurers."-' He declared the great
est crime against civilization was the
sacking of Louvain.
"This shameless holocaust," the Pre
mier continued, "was performed with
blind barbarian vengeance. Sooner
than stand aside, we would see this
country of ours blotted out from the
pages of history."
Germany Declared Responsible
The Premier paid a compliment to
the policy of Sir Edward Grey, the
British Foreign Secretary. Reviewing
the incidents leading up to Uie war, he
declared that one power, and one pow-
(Concluded on Page 3.)
Friday's War Moves
EXCEPT that German operations
were continuing around Paris, and
fighting had been renewed In Bel
gium news from the western scene of
war operations was lacking yesterday.
Dispatches emanating from London led
to the belief that the advance of the
Germans, In their effort to envelop the
allies' left wing, had been arrested at
least for the time being. It was said
that a large force of German cavalry
had been repulsed In an advance on
Complegne, which previous dispatches
had Indicated to be virtually abandoned
by the allies' forces. It was said
further that the German advance guard
had been forced to retire on St. Quentln.
This is a point at which British troops
previously have been hotly engaged.
Meanwhile, whatever the situation as
between the Germans and the allies,
Paris has a real sense of the nearness
of the struggle. Tha authorities are
reported as considering the possibility
of surrendering the city if the Germans
penetrate the outer line of defenses,
for the purpose of avoiding the great
destruction of property that would re
sult from the artillery assault. Lon
don is advised that at one point at least
the Germans are within 20 miles of
the Paris defenses. The French official
statement vouchsafes only that the op
posing armies around Paris have not
come In contact. Tbls statement says
the French have been successful in
Lorraine and the Vosges.
Eastern Prussia is left in darkness,
as far as the outer world is concerned.
Russians continue to give accounts of
a great victory around Lemberg. This
is now declared to be of first import
ance and Petrograd (St Petersburg)
declares It lias rendered the Austrian
army In Gailcia of no further military
value. It Is known that the military
operations In that region have been
overwhelming in their magnitude.
Along the entire front of 250 miles
probably 1,500,000 men were engaged
Around Lemberg the Austrlans had
200,000 men and perhaps GOO pieces of
artillery. Lemberg Is a Junction point
of eight railroads and contained great
quantities of military stores. Russian
officials declare their victory has put
out of action a quarter of Austria's
iirst line troops, captured a quarter of
Austria's total field artillery and given
command of all the roads leading from
Gailcia into Hungary.
Premier Asquith yesterday made a
strong appeal to Great Britain for men.
He said between 275.000 and 300.000
recruits had already been enlisted, but
he urged every able-bodied man to
respond to the call. The speech, made
at Guild Hall at the opening of a cam
palgn to obtain volunteers, is regarded
In some circles as huving been Intended
also as a message to France to convey
the Idea that even though Paris should
fall, the people of that country should
not lose heart, but be cheered by the
knowledge that their British allies
were determined to see the war through
to the end.
"Sooner than stand aside," Premier
Asquith said, "we would see this coun
try of ours blotted from the pages
That another naval battle in the sea
has occurred seems possible from a
statement Issued by the London offi
cial press bureau. It said seven Ger
man torpedo-boat destroyers had ar
rived at Kiel In a damaged condition,
and that others were understood to
have been sunk "in the vicinity of the
Kiel Canal." In some quarters, how
ever, it was suggested that the ves
sels may belong to the German force
that was engaged In the recent fight
with the British off Heligoland.
Diplomatic circles In Washington are
discussing gravely the effect Turkey's
entry into the conflict will have. The
Turkish Ambassador. A. Rustum Bey.
yeBterday made public a telegram de
claring his government's Intention to
remain neutral, but no one seems to
take the Turkish protestation seriously.
It is believed Turkey Is merely de
laying a formal declaration until she
is better prepared. That she will en
deavor to harass the enemies of Ger
many and Austria-Hungary wherever
possible is taken for granted. Invasion
of Persia, an expedition to Egypt, at
tacks on the borders of India are con
sidered among the possibilities.
In this event, it is believed, Japan
will extend herself In aid of her ally.
That she would send men and ships to
Persia Is regarded as probable. Japan
Is said to be disposed to view her
treaty obligations In this respect
broadly. The Japanese Embassy let It
be said that while Japanese alliance did
not obligate Japan to send troops to
protect British interests In India or
Persia, yet Japan Is being guided some
what by the broad spirit of the agree
ment and by the feeling that as her
ally's Interests In Asia are at stake,
she must aid wherever it may be de
sired. The German Ambassador, Count von
Bernstorff, protested to the State De
partment at Washington yesterday
that neutrality was being violated at
New York, which was being made vir
tually a base of supplies for the British
cruiser fleet In that vicinity.
Cruisers have been seen near shore,
and It Is charged lighters have been
towed out to meet them, carrying food,
fuel and ammunition. Intercepted
wireless messages Indicated the cruis
er Suffolk, at least, had been In com
munication, through Slasconsett sta
tion, with sources of supplies In New
York. Beef was among the supplies
ordered. Other intercepted messages
indicated an effort on the part of the
New York, men to deliver the goods.
The Bulgarian Minister to Greece de
clares Bulgaria will maintain her neu
trality. This. If persisted In. will In
terpose something of a barrier to the
Turkish advance northward.
Further confirmation was received In
New York last night that many thou
sands of Russians had gone Into France
by way of Scotland to Join the allies
against the Germans. Their number
was said to be about 7O.UO0 or 0,00u.
THRONG AT ALBANY
HEARS MR. BOOTH
Keynote Speech of Cam
paign Is Delivered.
SPEAKER CHEERED HEARTILY
Business Life Bared as Open
Book to Public.
ANSWERS GIVEN TO CRITICS
Charge Denied That Candidate fog
1'nlteU 'states Senate Is Million
aire World Fought From
Early Youth, Story Told.
ALBANY, Or., Sept. 4. (Special.)
Interrupted by frequent applause from
an audience which filled the Albany
Opera-house. R. A. Booth, of Eugene,
Republican nominee for United States
Senator from Oregon, delivered tonight
the keynote speech of his campulgn
with clear and ringing sentencea. and
In an open, sli alghtforward manner ha
answered the questions propounded by
the Albany Democrat und other Demo
cratic newspapers as to how hs mid
his money. He then took up the prin
cipal Issues of the campaign.
Six Hundred Tarn Oat.
A crowd of 600 people heard Mr.
Booth's address, the largest crowl
which ever attended a political mast
ing In Albany so early In a campaign.
So large a crowd this esrly In tha
campaign. Just at the end of the vaca
tion season, with harvest not completed
and hopplcktng In full swing, is testi
mony to the lnterast felt hers In tha
success of Senator Booth's candidacy.
Many Women In Audience.
Many women were Included In the
Mr. Booth was introduced by H. H,
Hewitt, a prominent Albany attorney
and ex-Circuit Judge of the Third Ju
dicial District, who referred briefly to
the Republican nominee's splendid rec
ord In this state.
"Senator Booth Is a native son. " ha
aald. "If you send him to the United
States Senate, as I think you will, you
will be patronizing horn industry."
Eugene Autolsts Hear Speech.
Forty Eugene people came to Albany
In eight automobiles to attend tha
speaking, each car carrying a banner
reading. "Booth for Senator,"
After thanking the people of Albany
for the interest evidenced by tho large
crowd, he referred to the presence of
his fellow townsmen and said but for
their petition ha would not have been
In the race.
"I know." he said, "that I have tha
hearty support of the people of Uu
gene. and I value highly support of
friends and neighbors.
"I "would rather get the votes of my
fellow townsmen and lose this race
than win it and run behind In Eugene."
Cheers Greet Sneaker.
When he finished tha review of his
personal history, Senator Booth was
accorded an ovation. The cheering mi
enthusiastic and prolonged. The latter
part of his speech was devoted to cam
The speaker compared conditions
under the present Democratic tariff
bill with those of Republican Adminis
trations, bringing his conclusions noma
with many Oregon Illustrations, quot
ing facts and figures showing the ef
fect of the preesnt Democratic tariff
on Oregon's industries. He urged Cia
development of Oregon's resources and
his words on that topic were cheered
frequently, showing the audience was
not In harmony with excessiva conser
vation theories. Hecalled attention to
Oregon's loss of its Just share of re
clamation funds and promised his ac
tive efforts toward changing that con
dition If elected.
Audleure Intensely Interested1.
Senator Booth closed his addrvss
with the statement that the mission of
odern politics Is to make living con
ditions better for all mankind and
pledged his every effort toward that
result. When he closed his address he
was greeted, not only with prolonged
applause, but the crowd gave thren
cheers for his success In the campaign
and scores of people crowded up to
shake hands with him and wish htm
The close attention Senator Booth
received throughout his entire address
was most manifest, several men stand
ing up In the lobby of tha Opera-House
all the time he was speaking. He hsl.l
the interest of the crowd closely and
his address was received most heartily.
Millionaire Charge Denied.
Denying at the outset that ha was a
millionaire, Senator Booth devoted the
first part of his speech to answering
tba questions regarding bis personal
business history, and clearly and fully
traced his career from tho day h
ked hay for 25 cants a day to the
time he voluntarily resigned on an In
come of $10,000 a year. He carried his
life history through his work as a har
vest laborer. sheepherder. school
teachar. sawmill laborer, bookkeeper,
merchant, bank cashier and lumber
manufacturer, and than answered
directly the questions regarding hla
timber holdings. The latter part of hie
.i.. ..... . in Fag 0.)
(Concluded on Pace 4.)