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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 4, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1914.
HIS NEW CAPITAL
Ambassador Herrick Remains
in Paris to Look After
OTHER DIPLOMATS LEAVE
limn-n-c System of Kntrenchments
Being Constructed City Is Pla
cid, but People Are Prepar
ing for Eventualities.
BORDEAUX, France, Sept. 2. Presi
dent Poincare and the members of the
French Cabinet arrived here today and
were greeted by immense and cheering
crowds. They have established head
quarters for the government.
President Poincare has taken a resi
dence in the Prefecture. The Ministry
of War is located in one of the build
ings of the University of Bordeaux.
Offices for the other Ministers have
been found in various public buildings.
Trains from Paris are arriving every
half hour, bringing the members of
the foreign embassies and legations
and many functionaries of the state.
City Already Overcrowded.
The hotels, boarding-houses and pri
vate homes are overcrowded with the
new arrivals, who include officials of
various grades, numbering probably
PARIS, Sept. 3. It is officially an
nounced that General Gallieni, com
mander of the army defending the city,
today issued the following proclama
tion to the inhabitants or fans:
"The members of the government of
the republic have left Paris in order to
give a new impetus to the defense of
the nation. I have been ordered to de
fend Paris against the invader. This
order I will fulflH to the end.
"Military Governor of Paris, command
ing the army of Paris."
Cntrracbments Belae Construct.
An immense and complicated system
of entrenchments is being constructed
outside the city. It Is reported that
the engineers in charge of the work
are keeping several hundred thousand
The diplomatic corps, excepting the
embassy of the United States, accom
panies the government to Bordeaux,
The American Ambassador, Myron T.
Herrick, has decided to remain in Paris,
and this course has been warmly com
mended by the Ministry of Foreign Af
fairs, because the representative of the
most powerful neutral government will
be able, should the occasion arise, to
serve the French as well as his owii
Herrick to Help Countrymen.
Mr. Herrick's reasons for remain
ing, in substance, are to look after
the several thousand Americans wno
stay in Paris. They are principally
permanent residents in business. He
also feels that he can better protect
American business interests, among
them several American banks and
banking agencies with deposits of
Americans. These would have trans
ferred their cash elsewhere had not the
The American embassy is now
charged with British, Russian, Japan
ese, Servian, German and Austrian af
fairs in Paris.
People Are Calm.
The population of the capital is tak
ing the departure of the heads of the
government calmly, recognizing that it
is a matter of prudence.
Although the city generally is placlu,
the people feel keenly the approach of
the German army, and they are rapidly
preparing for wnatever may happen.
Many families lert for the west today,
taking with them household necessi
ties. These refugees from the, capital
have been forced to make long detours
because the railroads are incumbered
with military trains.
The new American Ambassador to
France. William Graves Sharp, together
with Robert Bacon, ex-American Am
bassador, arrived in Paris last night.
fans again today snowed Its remark
able adaptability to circumstances.
Though all allusions to such a con
tingency had been strictly forbidden in
the newspapers, that the government
would be transferred to Bordeaux was
an open secret several iays ago among
the journalists and public officials and
in military circles.
Military Secrets Closely Guarded.
Military secrets are being so well
guarded that all reference to them 'is
largely speculation: but it is reason
able supposition that General Joffre
prefers to accept a decisive battle
against the Germans in front of the
forts and the entrenched camp of Paris.
The Temps tonight printed the fol
lowing optimistic resume of the situ
ation: "Diminution of pressure by the enemy
on the extreme left of the allies' line,
absolute inactivity in the center and
the progress of the French troops in
Lorraine and on the right bank of the
canal which passes a few miles north
of Luneville, In he Department of
Meurthe and Moselle. These circum
stances are taken as evidence that the
enemy has been hard hit and is suffer
ing from losses in men and lack of sup
plies." Liberte quotes an English officer who
arrived here today from Pierrefitte, 2s
miles southeast of Pan, as saying he
was wounded in a tierce battle near
Complegne, in which the Germans were
driven back several times with great
War DBM Reports Precautions.
In an oiffficial statement issued to
day the War Office says:
"There has been no contact with the
German forces in the region of Com
plegne and Salines since yesterday.
Precautions have been taken to stop
any offensive movement of the enemy.
"Measures have also been taken to
provide for the pursuit of German aero
planes and particularly those of the
armored type, which will be prevented
from flying over Paris.
"The situation in the Northeast is
the same as yesterday."
from Rumania via Budapest and Ber
lin, bring interesting stories of the
scenes they saw on their trip. Breslau
and. In fact, the whole of Silesia, they
said, was heavily mined and they also
witnessed great aerial activity in uer
Food was cheap in Berlin, they said,
and all restaurants, even the best, had
largely reduced their tariffs. Business
was proceeding as usual, although re
cruiting stations in Unter den Linden
had hundreds of men waiting to be
taken into the army.
They visited the flying station and
estimated that more than 50 Zeppelins
were in readiness to start at any time.
There were also a hundred or more
aeroplanes and much activity in con
structing new craft and training men.
Scores of aeroplanes were in the air at
one time, everyone carrying three men.
From the general conversation they
heard while in Germany, they gathered
that there would be a combined attack
by the naval fleets at an auspicious
WIRELESS LIMIT IS OFF
BRYAN PERMITS NEUTRAX MES
SAGES IN CIPHER.
temori to Be Provided Wit Code
Books Tuckerton and Sayvillv
Open on Equal Terms.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. Secretary
Bryan today announced that the ques
tion of the use of wireless br Eu
ropean belligerent powers had beeu
settled by an arrangemei.. mrousli
which all of the powers would be pt'
mitted to send and receive messages in
code or cipher.
The American censors will be pro
vided with copies of code and cipher
books, so as to be in a position to de
termine that the neutrality of the
United States is not violated.
Although Secretary Bryan's an
nouncement did not specify the stations
which would be allowed to operate, it
Is known that Great Britain approved
the proposal of the American Govern
ment that the Tuckerton, N. J., station,
as well as that at Sayville, L. I., be
opened to belligerents on equal terms.
As yet the Department of Commerce
has not granted the license applied for
by the Tuckerton company and the
German government has employed
counsel to pursue the application. The
Government. It is understood, is endea
voring to establish whether there is
any connection between the company
and the German government.
If this should be the case, one of the
articles of The Hague convention, pro
hibiting the erection of any wireless
statioiis by belligerents, might be held
to apply. The German government
has given the State Department de
tailed information as to the organiza
tion of the company owning the Tuck
erton station, denying any connection
SPY SUSPECT AID ASKED
SAN FRANCISCO CHAMBER PRO
TESTS VOX HORST'S ARREST.
.Mr. ii Held in England Declare. Ameri
enn Citixen State Depart
WASHINGTON', "sept, 3. (Special.)
Telegraphic protests to the State De
partment from C E. Michaels, presi
dent of the San Francisco Chamber of
Commerce, against the arrest and de
tention in London of Baron Louis von
Horst, known in San Francisco as
Louis Horst, arrived here today.
Baron von Horst is charged by the
English authorities with espionage and
Is held as a prisoner of war in one of
the detention camps.
Michaels' telegram declared Von
Horst is an American citizen, though of
Representative Kahn, who also re
ceived a wire from Michaels, took the
matter up with the State Department,
which cabled to the American embassy
in London to investigate Von Horst's
SHELLS DROP IH BELFORT
German Air Craft Said to Have Vio
lated Swiss Neutrality.
BELFORT, France, Sept. 3, via Paris.
A German aeroplane last night
dropped several shells here. The mis
siles made much noise but did no dam
The aviator, to avoid the fire of the
Belfort forts, made a detour over Swiss
territory. He came from the south in
stead of coming directly from Alsace,
and it is declared here that this act
apparently constitutes a violation of
the neutrality of Switzerland.
ON PEOPLE OF LIEGE
Students Say Single Shot
Would Be Signal to De
stroy Whole Street.
MANY VILLAGERS SLAIN
Epidemic or Snicldc Among Offi
cer and Men Left to Garrison
Town Attributed to Nerv
PARIS, Sept. 3. (Special.) Two
American students who were at the
University of Liege at the opening of
liostilities and wno have arrived here
from Lausanne. Switzerland, give a
vivid account of the first coming of
the Germans and the ensuing siege.
There were 125.000 Prussians before
the town August 4, while 25,000 Bel
gians had been added to the garrisons
of the defending forts. The first of
the enemy to appear was a swarm of
cavalry, protected by a large force of
artillery. The bombardment began on
the following morning and the noise of
the cannonading was deafening, the
guns on the forts replying shot for
This continued until August 7, when,
in the course of an armistice arranged
for receiving and replying to a sum
mons for surrender and for the burial
of the German dead, 20,000 Germans
made a sudden dash between forts and
entered the town.
Cuban Consul Killed.
number of houses and the Cuban Con
sul, a neighbor or tne narrator, waa
killed in his room in the presence of
asphyxiated and his little son injured.
There was an unconnrmea ruiuui
taht the Braizlian Consul was killed.
Vf o n ctnHsc iarrt hv the StUdentS
.m.... ....... --
agreed in reporting that the German
atrocities in the neighborhood of Liege
were for the most part due to the de-
....... .n on a..a hofaiiQP non-con:-
batants fired "at the invaders. A single
shot tired from a window in a town
would be followed by the destruction
of the entire street.
The German method of terrorizing
. l, . .' V..I 1: i i . lira u T..i- (- V ' . 1 rl 1 i ! i' tO
cannonade houses full of people after
their exit naa Deen loroiuueu. io.ou.w
disobeying the injunction were cut
down by soldiers in the streets.
Hundreds of Civilian. Killed.
Th.. inhahitRnts were ordered to
keep their hands out of their pockets
in public places. rnose aisuuejms
... . .. , ...i nenrched and if fire
arms were found the owners were shot
without further ado.
t ...... r,,- in nf.i?hhnr!nz vlllaaTe&
crazed by the ruin of their houses,
fired on the Germans and the latter re
taliated by killing all the captured
ivilians. nunureus were siausnicicu
l tlii manner in Various Villages.
Vise, a place of from 2000 to 3000 in
habitants, was razed, not one stone
being left on another.
A singular epidemic ot suiciue ipuus
i v,o fiorman trarrison left in
Liege, affecting both privates and of
ficers. Shooting anu drowning Cn
the favorite methods. ,
cAi,ami ..vnlanations were offered.
One theory was that the soldiers were
isappointed because mey were iu
x. : .i, i3in ormv Another was
ueuiiiu .,... - - -
that they were discontented with en
forced service. The most credible
cause assigned was that tney were But
tering from nervous pruatiaiiun ic
Knitinir from the sieht of so much
blood and slaughter.
sponsibllities and fight it out to the
"The early successes of the Germans
were anticipated, but England does not
think that they will affect the ulti
mate result They are confident of the
final defeat of Germany." said Mr.
"There is more than the supremacy
of the German people at stake. The
issue between England and Germany
is whether despotism or liberty shall
triumph. People from the United
States in England were much shocked
by the reports of the medieval bar
barity of the Germans. Americans as
well as English tourists were stripped
as many as three times by the sol
diery while endeavoring to escape from
Germany. .Many non-combatants were
"As we came directly from Scotland
to Liverpool we did not witness the ex
citement and confusion among the
American tourists in London. With no
funds and all the banks closed, many
were in an embarrassing situation.
"We were detained 15 hours at Liver
pool to enable the admiralty to install
guns in the bow and stern of the
Adriatic and to furnish gunners to mah
them. During the whole voyage we
were in constant touch with the cruis
ers. We could see their lights at night
Although our ship did not send mes
sages by wireless, many reports of the
progress of the war were received.
Each porthole was darkened at night.
"We saw Mrs. Harriet K. McArthur
and Miss Genevieve Thompson shortly
before the war began. We left the
Misses May and Etta Failing, of Port
land, -In Paris on July 15. They were
enjoying themselves and were in the
best of health. They left shortly after
wards for Liesbaden, Austria."
CENSORS HURT CAUSE
BERLIN MOl'LDS ITALIAN OPIMO
BY GIVING NEWS FIRST.
TOUR PLANS UNCHANGED
k'AR MAKES NO DIFFERENCE IN
AMERICA GETS 3 SHIPS
Robert Dollar, of San .Francisco,
Registered T-'nder New Law.
WASHINGTON. "sept 3. The British
steamer Robert Dollar, which halls
from San Francisco, now at Rio Jan
eiro, is one of the three foreign vessels
hich are the first to have been placed
under the American flag under the new
shipping register law.
The others are the British steamer
Moldegaard, from New York, which will
sail soon for Brazil, and the British
bark Wind Rush, from Boston, now at
Portland Man Tells of Incidents at
Outbreak of Hostilities and
Praises England's Attitude.
NEW YORK, Sept 3. (Special.)
Four Portland people, Mr. and Mrs.
William MaeMaster, and daughters.
Misses Maisie and Ailsa, arrived in New
York from Liverpool on the White
Star Liner Adriatic recently. Although
the four six-Inch guns 01 cue vessel
were stripped twice and loaxieu tor ac
tion, all took the events of the voy
age unconcernedly. The MaeMaster
familv were among the few Americans
who did not allow the general Eu
ropean conflict to interrupt their plans.
They left Paris July 15 for Scotland,
where they remained until they went
to Liverpool to embarK-on the Adri
atic, August 20, according to the plans
formed last April.
Mr. MaeMaster was warm in his
praise of the spirit and gallantry of the
English people. "England was per
fectly quiet, determined and confident."
he said. "Mobilization proceeded sys
tematically. There was no hysteria.
The Enslish people, he declared, were
magnificent in their preparation and j
in their determination to accept all re-
London's Delay of Messages Held Re.
sponsible for Teuton Sentiment
Gained From Dispatches.
LONDON, Sept. 3. The Evening News
publishes the following dispatch from
its correspondent at Milan. Italy:
"Italian newspaper correspondents are
complaining of the great delay In trans
mission of telegrams filed in London by
Italian correspondents to papers
Italy. These messages take from 20 to
30 hours to come through, while press
telegrams from Berlin take only four
and five hours to reach Italy.
"As a result the German version of
events always precedes the English
version, which discounts Italian opin
ion to such an extent that first impres
sions, which always are given by Ger
many, are most detrimental and diffi
cult to correct
"The English authorities in their own
interests should give more facilities to
Italian correspondents in London, who
are, alter all, friendly and who would
do effective work if not hindered by
"Germany is now doing able and in
telligent work to influence Italian pub
lic opinion by letting Italian corre
spondents In Berlin wire long messages,
which are forwarded immediately, and
England, In doing the same, would act
WAR PAID OUT OF SURPLUS
Japan Neitber to Increase Taxes Nor
Float New Loans.
NEW YORK, Sept" 3. A cable to the
East and West News Bureau today
from Tokio says that at the conference
of local Governors today, the Miulster
of Finance said that the special appro
priation for war purposes to be sub
mitted to the special session of the Diet
would be 53,000,000 yen (J26.500.000).
Together with the sum already ex
pended for the present emergency, it
amounts to the total of 66,000,000 yen
($33,000,000). This will be defrayed
from surplus funds.
The treasury has at present a sur
plus of 120,000,000 yen ($60,000,000).
Besides, there are various special funds
which can be utilized as war funds.
There will, therefore, be neither in
crease in taxes nor any new loans
OLD PAVING CASE ENDED
"Pa tul lo Avenue Property-Owners,
Vancouver, Must Pay.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Sept. 3. (Spe
cial.) Property owners alongr Patullo
avenue will be compelled to pay full
price for sidewalks and curbs, according-
to a ruling" of the Superior Court
in the case of Herman Mueller and
wife against the City of Vancouver
and S. P. White & Son, contractor.?.
In the lower court it was held that
the improvement was not up to stand
ard and should not be accepted, and
many property owners refused to pay
their assessment. The case has been in
the courts more than two years.
ONE-TERM PLANK CITED
Borah Action Taken as Supplemen
tary to Second-Term Boom.
WASHINGTON, Sept 3. Senator Borah.
Republican, read into the Senate record
today the declaration of the Democratic
Baltimore platform for a single Presi-
The Senator made no comment, but
Republican Senators viewed his action
as supplementary to Vice - President
Marshall's declaration yesterday that
President Wilson should be nominated
to succeed himself In 1916, and would
be the unanimous choice of his party.
Saturday, September 5
(Goods now on display, but no measures taken at this price until
To thoroughly advertise our new establishment so that every
man will know the name of J. L. Bowman & Co., wholesale and
retail tailors, with agencies in every well-dressed community in
the West, we will for one day only make to measure the pick and
choice, without reserve, any imported or domestic suiting in our
house for only
Our regular prices are $25, $30, $35, $37.50, $40, $45 and $50.
On many suits which will be measured Saturday the $25 will
not get the cost back, but we will charge the difference to our
advertising account. ...
You will be both surprised and pleased to see the splendid
collection of suitings to choose from, hundreds of beautiful fabrics
in the latest shades and weaves are here for your choice, many
of them having been made for us by the best mills in both this
country and Europe.
Remember, Saturday of this week, our cutters will all bo
busy measuring suits. We expect to book at least 200 suits on
this" day at the special price of $25, and they will all be made up
during the following week or 10 days right here in Portland in our
electrically-equipped tailor shops, which are the finest and most
modern in the West.
Salesrooms, Offices and Shops,
THIRD AND STARK STREETS
WAR TAX IS DISCUSSED
PRESIDENT READS HIS MESSAGE
TO MR. U.NDERWOOD.
Coairm to Meet Today In Joint Se
sion to Receive Views Few Com
modities to Bear Burden.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 3. Congress
iit mt In tolnt session tomorrow to
hear President Wilson's message ask
ing for a war tax revenue measure
that will provide J100, 000,000. A concur--.,.
..uMiminii movidlng for the Joint
H.ionted today in both
acaoiuu . . "
houses. ' - ...
It is understood tne t-resiueni. win
....,. k muKicn to the presentation
of the necessity for emergency reve
nues, without suggesting io
for raising the funds, although desir
ing that the tax fall not too heavily
on anv particular class of citizens.
The President suonniicu tua n......
......... ii0i.rscTitative Underwood,
i'j j. ... . ....... -
chairman of the ways and means com
mittee, which will irame tne leveiiuo
l... i-i.rvtrtnl communicated to
the President the framework of the
tax plan with which he and his asso
ciates have proposed to meet the ex
pected deficit caused by the falling off
in customs receipts.
Mr Underwood eaiu later
u-as calculated to produce J100.000.000
, in...r, rf.v.iiue tax on a few.
commedtttes." but would not discuss It
Administration leaders desire to have
A rtf tavatinn clearlv deter-
mined before it is made known, to
avoid interference from various inter
ests to be affected.
President Wilson said today iaai u
the tariff had not been changed before
the beginning of the war the deficit in
the Treasury would be greater. The
National finances do not depend as
largely upon the tariff as formerly,
FREDERICTON, N. B., Sept. 3. New
Brunswick has made a gift of 100,000
bushels of potatoes to England.
CANADA TAKES PRECAUTION
Shipping Reports Suppressed on In
timation Germany Is Informed.
MONTREAL. Sept. 3. For the first
time since war was declared, the gov
ernment signal service station has been
ordered by the censor to suppress all
reports as to shipping coming into or
grolng out of the St. Lawrence River.
This order follows the intimation
from the imperial authorities that news
about the movement of troops was be
ing sent to the Germans.
AERIAL BATTLE PREDICTED
American Engineers Say German
Flying station Prepare.
LONDON, Sept. 3. Two American oil
engineers, who have reached London
MAP SHOWING GERMAN ADVANCE INTO FRANCE AND RUSSIAN ADVANCE INTO GERMANY.
t TEfirVi . jt D Allies U I V J
J t-- 1 a A Russians J V
J . ySwtZtlOAMP'y. I j
J LIKES OK VARIOUS ARMIES INDICATED. J
...... ,,,,, .., x i . r !
Hazelwood Orcheatra, J. K. V folburn, MmM
makes a hit with people who
like a home-cooked, home-served
meal, or an afternoon or after-
the-theater refreshment in a cozy corner at
THE HAZEL WOOD
Confectionery and Restaurant
WASHINGTON AT TENTH
As a Nourishing Tonic, Try
The food value of barley-malt, the tonic of
Oregon hops, and its effervescence make it
a delightful beverage. It contains 3Va to
4 of alcohol.
Ask your dealer or phone A 1172, Main 72.
Henry Weinhard Brewery
BUSH & LANfT
AX HOKRBT nAJIO AT AH HOWBST FIUCM.
It pouesae individuality In Tone Q ual I ty " Ca" I1"
For Construction. Simplicity and Durability, ttaa
LANE FLAVER - PIAHOS ARB BAHIIl
t'OMK A.1D SEE FOR TOCMILT.
PORTLAND BRANCH 3W,,hinfton Street