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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 3, 1914)
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1914.
I'll ICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. LIV. NO. 16,779.
FRENCH CAPITAL TO
MOVE TO BORDEAUX
Transfer Is Made
Order of Military.
DEFENSIVE WORK IS VIGOROUS
Several Gates to Paris Close
as Germans Advance.
"ENDURE, FIGHT," IS PLEA
Xew Forces Declared Ready to Fill
Places of Men Lost af Front
and Russian Advance Cited,
4 , In Forecast of Victory.
PARIS, Sept. 2. A proclamation has
been issued by the government an
nouncing that the government depart
ments will be transferred temporarily
The proclamation was issued by the
Minister of the Interior, who said the
decision had been taken solely upon
the orders of the military because the
fortified places of Paris, while not nec
essarily likely to be attacked, would
become the pivot of the field opera
tions of the two armies.
Several l'arlj Gates Close.
The building of supplementary de
fensive works is proceeding vigorous
ly. Several of the gates of Paris were
closed to traffic last night.
The proclamation follows:
"Kienchmen: For several weeks our
heroic troops have been engaged in
fierce combats with the enemy. The
courage of our soldiers has won for
them a number of marked advantages.
Hut In the north the pressure of the
German forces has constrained us to
retire. This situation Imposes on the
President of the Republic and the
Government a painful decision.
Defense Promised itlzcns.
'To watch over the national safety
the public authorities are obliged to
leave for the moment the city of Paris.
Under the command of its eminent
chief, the French army, full of courage
and spirit, will defend the capital and
Its patriotic population against the in
vader. But the war must be pursued
at the same time in the rest of the
"The struggle for the honor of the
nation and the reparation of violated
rights will continue without peace or
truce and without a stop or a failure.
None of its armies lias been broken.
"if some of them have suffered only
too evident losses the gaps in the ranks
have been filled' up from the waiting
reserve forces, while tlie calling out of
a new class of reserves brings us to
morrow new resources in men and en
ergy. -Endure and Fljskl," la Plea.
"Endure and light. Such should be
the motto of the allied army, English,
Russian. Belgian and French.
"Endure and fight, while on the sea
our allies aid us to cut the enemy's
communications with the world.
"Endure and fight, while the Rus
sians continue to carry a decisive
blow to the German empire.
"it Is for the government of this re
public to direct this resistance to the
Very end and to give to this formidable
struggle all its vigor and efficiency. It
Is indispensable that the government
retain the mastery of its own actions.
Uu the demand of the military author
ities the government therefore trans
fers its seat momentarily to a point of
the territory whence It may remain in
constant relations with the rest of the
lief ease of City Assured.
"It invites the members .of Parlia
ment not to remain distant from the
government in order to form, in the
lace of the enemy, with the government
and their colleagues a group of na
"The government does not leave
Paris without having assured a de
fense of tuo city and its entrenched
camp by all means In its power. It
knows it has not the need to recom
mend lo the admirable Parisian popu
lation a calm resolution and sangfroid,
lor it shows every day it is equal to
Us greatest duties.
"f renchmen, let us all be worthy of
lhc.se tragic circumstances. We shall
yuiii a final victory and we shall gain
u by untiring will, endurance and
tenacity. A nation that will not perish
iitiu which to live retreats before
i, cither suffering nor sacrifice is sure
CliKMA.N ADVANCE O'OHECKKO
JKIfort of Invaders to Reach Paris
Classed us .superhuman.
LONDON. Sept. 2. The Times' corre
spondent at Dieppe, France, has tele
graphed his paper as follows:
"In the main northern theater of the
war. the German advance appears to
continue without slackening its pace.
"It must be Indeed an over-wearied
army that the Germans are bringing
toward the forts of Paris. They have
made an effort which nearly deserves
to be called superhuman. Nothing like
H ever before was seen In war.'
The circle of the allies defending
Paris is narrowing materially. A Paris
correspondent of the Times says:
"It must be borne In mind that, al
though on the left flank the allied
(Concluded ob Page .)
LOf.'DOK, Sept. 3. A dispatch to the
Renter Company from Toklo says that
the Japanese have occupied seven Is
lands neltr IYlau- nan ana n c wqp
up more than JOOO mines which have
been sctatered by the Germans In wa
ters adjoining Ihcir Chinese stronghold.
LUDU, Sept. X A dispatch to the
Chronicle from Paris aays that orders
have been Issued for the removal of all
wounded from larls lo Rennes and
LO DU', Sept. 3. A Petrograd I SI.
Petersburg) dispatch lo the Reuter
Company says that the garrison at
Kuenle;fcburg, Kast Prussia, has made
an unsuccessful attempt at a sortie.
ROME, Sept. 3. The Glomale d'ltalla
says a squadron of British and French
warships has bombarded the entrance
of the port of Cattaro, Austria, with the
evident Intention of destroying the
IlllllSf station and the semaphore
SAN FRANCISCP, Sept. i Late to
night Bur Pilot Sivanson reported lo
the Marine Bureau of the Chamber of
Commerce that he had spoken a French
war vessel n short distance outside the
Golden Gate shortly after dark.
BERLIN, Sept. 1, via London, Sept. 2-
An official denial has been issued to
all foreign representatives that Zeppe
lins or other dirigibles have been shot
down or otherwise lost
LONDON, Sept. The American Em
bassy was advised today that 200 Amer
icans are stranded at Ostend and on
able to get their checks cashed. Am
bassador Page Is making an effort to
gel money to them.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 2. After hov
ering off the Golden Gate nearly all
day, at distances varying from four to
15 miles, the Japanese cruiser Idzamo
today picked up a small launch (wheth
er her own one one from land could net
be seen) and put to sea at full steam,
headed due west.
LONDON, Sept. 2, 5:01 A. M. A dis
patch to the Times from Ostend says
that an American who, after great trou
ble, was permitted to pass the German
lines. Is authority for the statement
that the Invaders have blown up the
Hotel de Vllle In Namur. The terrified
Inhabitants are unaware of the rea
son for the act.
LONDON, Sept. 2. A dispatch lo the
Central News from Amsterdam declares
that telegrams received there from Ber
lin set forth that the German capital
Is being guarded by several army corps.
LONDON, Sept. 2. The steamer Eyrlc,
engaged In mine sweeping operations
in the North Sea, struck a mine today
and went to the bottom in three min
utes. Sis members of her crew are
missing; five were saved.
PARIS, Sept. 2. A German cavalry
corps marching toward the Forest of
Complegne, on the left wing of the
allied forces, engaged the English Sep
tember 1. The English captured 10
guns. This statement was given out
WASHINGTON. Sent. 2. The German
Embassy received a wireless today from
Berlin announcing that German and
Austrian troops have occupied Lode,
the largest manufacturing center in
Russian Poland, and that the battle
northward from Lemberg is continuing.
PARIS, Sept. 2 (via London). The
Petit Parislen today says that 14 Ger
man staff officers have been captured
and sent to Nlmes, lu the Department
PARIS, via London, Sept. -. A dis
patch from Petrograd (St. Peters
burg) says the Novoe Vreyma charges
that during the bombardment of Bel
grade the Auslrlans destroyed a ma
ternity hospital over which the Red
Cross flag was flying, killing KM) chil
dren. CETT1NJE, via London, Sept. 2.
Although numerically inferior, the
Montenegrins have defeated the Austrian-,
near Bllrk. In Bosnia. General
Vokovitch, according to the announce
ment, has taken the offensive and is
marching on Tchaiuitch in pursuit of
WASHINGTON, Sept.- 2. At the Brit
ish Embassy the belief was expressed
today that in event Turkey declares j
war on Russia the two German battle
ships, Goeben and Breslau, recently
transferred to Turkey, would be sent
Into the Black Sea.
LINER REPORTED CAPTURED
Rumor Says Kmn Prinz YYUIieliii Is
NEW YORK, Sept. 2 Reports were
current here today that British cruisers
had succeeded in caDturing the Kron
Prinz Wilhelm, the German liner which
has been roaming the seas since her
sudden departure from this port a day
or so before war whs declared between
Germany and England.
Sir Courtenay Bennett, the British
Consul here, had heard the rumor and
made inquiries during the day, but said
tonight that he had been unable to
confirm it from any source. The Kron
Prinz Wilhelm, a North German Lloyd
liner, was taken as a war prize to Ber
muda, according to the reports.
SMOKE DENOTES NO POPE
Third Ballot of Sacred College of
Cardinals Is Taken.
f?nM via Paris. Sent. 2. The sa
cred college of cardinals assembled at i
10 o clock toaay ior me iniru oauoc m
the papal election.
a little morft than an hour later
smoke issued from the chimney of the
Sistine Chapel ana reveaiea to tne
in Sr. Peter's Sn 1: r a th n.t an I
illl wun " - I
election had not been accomplished and
the ballot were Deing ournea in ac-
ADMITTED BY STAFF
Three Important Gen
erals Are Lost.
GERMANS INFLICT DEFEAT
Victory Over Austrians in Gal
icia Is Asserted.
LEMBERG TO BE OCCUPIED
Seven DajV Battle Declared to Have
Kesiilted in Rout and Capture
of Artillery Invading Force
Still Pursuing Foe.
LONDON, Sept. 2. Advices have been
received here from Petrograd that
the Russian general staff frankly con
fesses to disaster to two army corps
including the loss of three Generals.
Telegraphing from Petrograd the
correspondent of the Times de
clares that the war reports given out
by the headquarters staff in the Rus
sian capital are generally rather
meager, but are generally true.
That the headquarters will stick to
this plan also when the news is bad Is
proved by the announcements of today.
Fortresses Are Reinforced.
The wording of today's announce
ment indicates that other Vistula fort
resses, besides Graudenz and Thorn,
have received reinforcements. The
news arrived last night and the people
of Petrograd received it with firmness.
Their faith in a final Russian victory
remains wholly unshaken.
General Samsoniv, one of the Rus
sian commanders killed, was considered
one of Russia's most capable and bril
liant Generals. The two other lost
commanders were General Marios, com
mander of an army corps, and General
Pestitch, attached to the general staff.
Million Men In Battle.
In conclusion, the correspondent of
the Times say? that the information
given out at headquarters in Petro
grad indicates that the Russians, In
spite of the Austrian stubborn defense,
are confident they will bring victory
home iu this long sustained and ter
rible battle in which probably more
than 1,000,000 men are engaged.
Announcement from Vienna that
preparations have been made for evac
uation of Lemberg, capital of Galicla, in
view of the inevitability of an ap
proaching Russian occupation, is the
first official admission that the Aus
trians have been worsted In the pro
longed fighting in Galicia.
A Times dispatch from Petrograd (St.
Petersburg) tiled Tuesday night says:
(Concluded on Fage 5.)
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INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 6
degrees; minimum, 53 decrees.
TODAY'S Fair, warmer; westerly winds.
French to move capital from Paris to Bor
deaux. Pace 1.
Russians admit disaster to two army corps,
loss of three Generals, Page 1.
Italy to join forces with Triple Entente.
AeroDlaues battle over Paris. Page 1.
German report of Russia's treating Poles
as enemies denied. Page o.
Government bureau to insure war risks to
be open today. Page 2.
Officers picture battle of ilons as worse
than Waterloo, page X
Correspondent describes imposing march ot
aiO.OUO Germans tnrough Brussels.
Baron Lewis von Horst, world's hop king
seized by British as spy. Page 7.
Rumor beard Turkey has declared war on
Russia. Page 5.
Refuxeo Americans are advised to stay
away from Paris. Paxe 4.
Clayton anti-trust bill passed by Senate.
Leaders of mine workers' union being ar
rested at Butte. -Pago G.
Pacific Coast League results: Sacramento 1.
Portland 1; Los Angeles 6, San Fran
cisco 1; Venice 4, Oakland 3. Page U
Braves, in remarkable spurt, oust Glanta
from National League top station.
Amateur teams lose pitchers before final
games. Page 12.
Golf tavorites of country easy victors in
Vermont. Page 1-.
Idaho Republicans renominate Senator
James H. Brady by heavy vote. Page t.
Governor West's office is bankrupt. Legis
lature's fund for operation petering out.
Commercial and Marine.
Opening prices on Alaska salmon sharply
advanced. Pag 17.
Wheat higher at Chicago on reduced esti
mate of Canadian and Spring crop.
War risks steady, but freight moves slowly.
Portland and Vicinity.
Measure Is introduced before City Commis
sion by State Health Officer White to
rout -Painless" Parker. Page IU.
Moving-picture theaters offer charming
variety in new shows. Page 13,
Board of Censors of shows appointed by
Mayor, reports. Page 1L
County teachers to hold Institute .next
ueek. Page 11.
Women give memorial fountain to city.
Mrs. J. C. Olds and Miss Edith Olds ar
rive homo after fleeing from war abroad.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
NOTED OFFICERS KILLED
Flower of British Military List Deci
mated in France.
LONDON, Sept. 2. The names of
British officers killed or wounded in
the fighting in France last week were
made public tonight. The ljst contains
names of men familiar through the
United Kingdom both through their
military prowess and their social stand
ing. Virtually all the crack regiments
Among the killed are Robert Corn
wallis Maude. Sixth Viscount Haward
en. a Lieutenant in the Coldstream
Guards, and Major Victor Reginald
Brooke, military secretary of the
Viceroy of India.
Among the officers missing are Lieutenant-Colonel
A. W. Abercrombie, of
the Connaught Rangers; Lieutenant
Colonel D. C. Boger, of the Cheshire
Regiment; Colonel C. F. Stevens, of the
Royal Artillery, and Colonel H. M.
Thompson, of the medical corps.
BATTLE IN 1 IS
FOUGHT OVER PARIS
Two French Craft En
gage 3 Germans
TEUTON PLANE BROUGHT DOWN
Zeppelin Makes Attack on Ant
werp, Official Report.
HOSPITALS ARE DAMAGED
Several Persons Declared Injured
and United States Consul and
King Albert Later liscorted
to View Work of Bombs.
PARIS, Sept. 2. A fight in the air
over Paris took place tonight. Three
German airmen hovered over the capi
tal and immediately two French ma
chines were sent up to engage them.
Meanwhile rifles and machine guns
mounted on public buildings kept up a
constant fire. By this means one of
the German machines became separat
ed from the others and the French
aviators flew swiftly in its direction.
The Germans opened fire, to which the
Frenchmen replied vigorously.
Battle Goes Against German.
The battle seemed to turn to the
disadvantage of the German, who
mounted speedily to a higher level,
and. holding this position, was Baved
from further attack. He finally dis
appeared in a northw-jst direction over
Fort Romainvilie. after a vain pursuit.
The other German aeroplanes also
escaped the fire the guns and after
circling about for a considerate time,
disappeared from view.
LONDON, Sept. 3. A dispatch from
Paris to the Mail says that one of the
three German aeroplanes which made
flights across Paris on Wednesday was
brought down by rifle Are and lanaed
in a deserted spot outside the city. The
wreck of the machine was found, but
the aviator had disappeared.
BOMBS DKOPPiiD IX ANTWERP
Belgians In Official Statement Say
Hospitals Were Damaged.
ANTWERP, Sept. 2 (via London).
The following official statement con
cerning maneuvers of a Zeppelin air
ship over Antwerp last night and early
this morning was issued tonight:
"A Zeppelin airship was reported at
10:30 o'clock last night near the forts
to the south of the city and also near
the river Nethe.
"It passed over Alost toward Ter-
(Concluded on Pace 4.)
Wednesday's War Moves
NEWS from Paris that the French
government had announced offi
cially that it would remove the capi
tal, for the time being to Bordeaux
gave a grim aspect to the war situa
tion in France yesterday, but the of
ficial announcement sought to allay
apprehension by explaining that the
move was merely precautionary. Tho
statement said Paris was not neces
sarily about to be attacked, and re
ferred to the change as a temporary
arrangement. Bordeaux is 358 miles
in u south-southwesterly direction from
Regarding the battle which the Ger
mans are waging on French and Bel
gian soil, both French and British gov
ernments are keeping silence. The
movements of the troops are nieagerly
reported, and it has been impossible,
through these reports, to form any ad
equate idea of how the tide ot battle
is flowing. The British official press
bureau says only that continuous fight
ing has been in progress along the
whole line. The British cavalry are
reported to have engaged the German
cavalry with distinction, and to have
captured lu guns, but no hint is given
of the place where the engagement
took place or of its extent.
It is reported also that the French
army has continued its offensive move
ment In Lorraine, gaining some ground.
It is believed that, on the whoie. the
German forces have made some gains
on the road to Paris.
Petrograd appears in the datelines
for the first time, the Czar's order
changing the name, to eliminate all the
German characteristic, having gone
into effect in Russia at once. The first
communication direct from St. Peters
burg received in New York since the
war began came yesterday and was
dated according to the new dispense
This Petrograd (St. Petersburg) re
port tells of a battle lasting seven
days between the Russians around
Lemberg, capital of Galicla, in which
the Russians were victorious, forcing
the Austrlans to retreat and taking
heavily fortified positions. The Rus
sians captured 150 guns and the Aus
trlans are said to have suffered enor
mous losses. In this battle three full
Austrian army corps and parts of two
others were engaged.
The Russian general staff, according
to a dispatch from Petrograd to Lon
don, admits having suffered a crush
ing blow In East Prussia. The disaster
is said to have Involved two full army
corps. Three generals are dead, one of
them the brilliant General Samsoniv.
one of Russia's popular idols. A mil
lion men are believed to have been en
gaged in the general battle all along
Japan has landed thousands of
troops at the Chinese port of Lung-
Kow, 100 miles north of Tslng-Tau
ana the German legation at Pekin
has protested to the Chinese Foreign
Office against this alleged Infringe
ment of China's neutrality. The Chi
nese government was not surprised by
Japan's-action, which had been forecast
for some days, aini took pains to con
fine Its protests to diplomatic channels.
The Chines troops were Instructed not
to make any forcible opposition, and
official Pekin. while described as
righteously Incensed, will take 110
chances on Incurring Japanese wrath
Rumor, not fully confirmed, is that
Turkey has declared war on Russia.
Turkey's entry Into the war was 'ex
pected, but it had been thought per
haps she would ftght Greece as her
first antagonist. The Turkish Ambas
sador at Washington say his country
has mobilized 500,000 fighting men.
The probability that Italy will join
the allies is thus increased, and if she
does her fleet will be detailed to Join
the French Medlterraean fleet In ren
dering the warships of Turkey and
Turkey will invade Russian territory
and send an expedition to Egypt to
stir up trouble among the Mohamme
dans. On land, Italy is expected to
invade Austria and cause so much
trouble there that Austria would be
compelled to withdraw the two army
corps said to be aiding in the Invasion
f France. Later, it is believed, Italy
might consider sending troops Into
France to help check the march on
Paris. Greece, which recently bought
two warships from the United States,
would be expected to take part in the
general work of keeping the Turks In
check. Russia's Black Sea fleet is Be
lieved to be able to take care of Itself.
German army headquarters were re
oved from Coblentz, capital of the
Rhine province, to an unknown des
tination. The significance of the
move and of the secrecy accompanying
it are difficult to estimate. London
sums it an up oy aajius il ib in
There was a battle in the air over
Paris. Three Germans appeared in
aeroplanes and two French aviators
were sent up to attack them. One of
the Germans wss outmaneuvered and
forced to ascend to a height to escape,
in the course of this movement being
cut off from his comrades. Shots
were exchanged and the land forces
also Joined In the effort to bring down
the Germans, and one Is said to have
SOCIALISTS ASK AID IN WAR
German Mission lo Italian Party
Pails and Brings Protest.
ROME, via Paris. Sept. 2. The Ger
man Socialist deputies. Hugo Haase
and Albert Sudekuni. came lo Italy In
an effort to Induce tne Italian Socialist
party to use their influence to have
Italy Join Germany In the war.
The mission failed and the Italian
Socialists have now publishers pro
test against what they describe as an
attempt against th dignity of Italy.
They also express the nope that it a
cessation of hostilities Is impossible.
the "Infamous war will crusn musi- w u u
ftJAN FLEE! 10
GO TO AID OF ALLIES
Britain Supplies Coal
TIME TO ACT THOUGHT NEAR
Chief Work on Land Will Be to
TURKISH SHIPS MENACED
Russia Believed Superior in tlluck
Sa Ottoman Invasion of I .sil"
Considered "Holy War" to
Be Made In Kussla.
BY JOHN CALLAN O't.AiJGHt.l.V
WASHINGTON. Sept. :. (Special.)
That an agreement exists between the
Triple Entente, made up of Grant
Britain. France and Russia, and Italy
Is established to the satisfaction of
diplomats here by Information Ihey
have received. '
Great Britain has given Italy 40.000
tons of coal for the use of the Italian
fleet. Additional supplies are to be pro.
vlded as needed. The result will be
that Italy will be able, when the mo
ment for her action comes, to use her
fleet against the Austrian and Turk
ish navies. The French fleet In the
Mediterranean thus will be relieved of
the necessity of bottling up the Aus
trian men ot war and can be shifted
to the North Sea
British Perre Left for (ierssany.
The utilon of the British and French
nr.vles will mean that tremend us
force will be stationed oft the German
coast and enable offensive operations
against the harbors within which the
German navy Is lying ready for action.
The exact moment when Italy Is to
throw in her fortunes with the l'Jntenle
Is not known, but It Is predicted that
it will be soon. There is not the slight
est doubt either in official or diplomatic
circles that Italy will Join In the con
flict. Similarly there Is no question
that Turkey and Bulgaria will operate
with Germany and Austria. Turkey's
entrance into the struggle will be the
signal for action by Greece, self-defense
will compel Routnanla to (partici
pate, and her alliance with Russia and
Italy Is undoubted.
Italy to Attack Austria.
Italy's course of action Is clear. 1 in
principal work she will have to per
form is to Invade Austria, which ad
joins her frontier, and to dispose of tho
Austrian fleet. At the same time It Is
conceivable that some of her army
corps will be sent to reinforce the
French and British battling In the
neighborhood, of Paris. This will be a
secondary movement, however, as the
attack by Italy on Austria will com
pel the latter to withdraw from the
German army operating In France the
two corps which at the beginning or
the war were placed at the disposal of
the Kaiser. Assailed by Russians from -the
east and by Italy from the est,
Austria will havo to fight for her life.
It will be Impossible for her to aid
Germany and Indeed It will be Incum
bent upon Germany to assist her ally.
Through the operations of Turkey,
which undoubtedly wlll endeavor to
send Its principal army Into Southern
Russia, the pressure on Austria will be
relaxed. It is believed, to some extent.
Turkey also will bo able to send troops
to assist Bulgaria lu nperutluus against
Egypt May He Invaded.
Turkey's participation In the conflict.
however. Is believed to be too late to
be effective because of the near ap
proach of Winter. The English are nut
greatly concerned over the threat ot
Turkey to Invade Egypt, though some
thing of the kind will be attempted.
A glance at the map of Europe III
explain more clearly than words why
Germany arranged before the war for
the participation of the Turks and the
Bulgarians In the strife. Austria is lu
grave danger of being Invaded by
armies from three countries whose
boundaries Join her own Russia in Ga
licla, Servla In Hungary, Slavonla and
Bosnia and Italy lu the Austrian Tyrol.
Bulgaria can attack Servlu from the
east and such Austrian troops as can
be spared can perform a like service
from the north and west, lurkey can
send her troops through Bulgaria into
close proximity to thu Roumanian fron
tier, whence they can be transported to
Southern Russia by transports, pro
vided the Turks gain command of the
Husaiaa Fleet Saaerler.
The Russian fleet Is superior In ma
terial to that of Turkey, eveu with the
reinforcement of the latter by the Uer
man battle cruiser Goeben and the pro.
tected cruiser Breslau, which sought
refuge from the British and French
men of war in the Dardanelles. If the
Turks should be unable to send troops
across the Black Sea then probubly
tbey will Invade Roamanla, and In that
way seek to gain access to Russia.
For the Turks lo get Into the conflict
would be lo make the war a "holy
war." Indeed, to the Russian peasants.
The Turks have declared that the en
tire Mohammedan world will rise when
they strike. They expect outbreaks in
Egypt and other European possessions
In Africa, In India and even In the Rus
sian lands occupied by men of their
Baron Ie Villlcra Ki-.nl
PRETORIA. Union of Mouth Africa,
Sept. z. Baron John Henry de Vllllers.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of
the Utiloo of South Africa, died today,
liu was boiu in UiS.