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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 1, 1914)
VOL. LIV. NO. 16,777.
"OHTLAXD. OREGON, TUESDAY, SEPTE3IBER 1, 1914.
PKICE FIVE CENTS.
IS ANTWERP REPORT
50,000 Germans Are
Defeated In Somme.
AIRMEN STILL MENACE PARIS
City Is Darkened to Foil Night
Attacks From Above.
FAIR SPY WITH PRISONERS
Frenchmen Believed Advancing on
Right In Lorraine, While Enemy
Progresses on Left War Of
fice explains Movements.
UONDON. Aug. 31. 10:15 P. M. An
Antwerp dispatch to the Reuter Com
"It Is reported here that General Pau
has won a brilliant viotory over 50,000
Germans near Peronnes, In the depart
ment of Somme."
PAEIS, Aug. 81, 6:20 P. M. A Ger
man biplane passed over Paris at 4:30
o'clock this afternoon and dropped a
projectile, which, however, did not ex
Paris Darkened to Foil Airmen.
As a precaution against the German
aeroplanes all the electric lights which
have made the boulevards brilliant
have been extinguished.
The Temps says on the subject of
aeroplane raids over Paris:
"Paris wilt know how to reply by
silent stoicism and calm resolution to
the effort at Intimidation by which the
Germans are attempting to stir the
capital that they know is impression
able but of whose unfailing resources
of patience and will they do not know.
Three convoyers of prisoners arrived
at Chalons-Sur-Saone today. In one
were It German staff officers and in
another the Mayor of Chateau Salins,
Alsace Lorraine, who, it is charged
laid in ambush for French troops and
held them as hostages. In the third
convoy there were 400 soldier prison
ers and s. woman spy.
French Right Prosrreeaee,
It Is believed that while the French
are progressing on the right in Lor
raine the Germans are gaining ground
on the left, with the result that there
has been a large crop of rumors and
a pronounced exodous from the capi
tal, mostly to the south. The D'Orsay
station was besieged all night by a
large but orderly crowd. The sale of
tickets was suspended at an early hour,
as all the space in the tralnB for to
morrow was taken. Hundreds of per
sons remained at the station, howevev,
in order to be in line for the follo'v
.situation Officially Given
The following official statement was
Issued by the War Office this evening
"The situation in general . s actually
"First, in Vosges and in Lorraine, it
must be remembered, our force which
had taken the offensive at the begin
ning of the operations and driver, the
enemy outside of our frontiers, after
ward underwent serious checks. Before
Sarreburg and In the region of Mor
hagne, where they encountered solid
defensive works, our 'orces were
obliged to fall back and to reform,
one part on Couronne de Nancy and
the other on the French Vosges.
Germans Take Offensive.
The Germans then assumed the of
fensive, but our troops, after having
thrown them back upon their positions,
resumed the offensive two days ago.
This attack continues to make prog
ress, although slowly. It is a veritable
war of sieges, as each position occu
pied is Immediately fortified.
"This explainr the slowness of our
advance, which Is, nevertheless, char
acterized each day by fresh local suc
cesses. "Second, the region of Nancy and
Southern Woevre since the beginning
if the campaign in this section between
Metx on the German side and Toul and
Verde on the French side has not been
the theater of important operations.
Crown Prince Checked.
"Third, tn the direction of the Meuse,
between Verdun and Mezieres. it will
be remembered, the French forces took
the offensive in the beginning towards
I.ongwy, Neufchateau and Pallseul. The
troops operating in the "region of Spin
court and Longuyon have been able to
check the enemy's army under the com
mand of the German Crown Prince.
in the regions of Neufchateau and
Paliseul, on the other hand, certain of
our '-ops have received partial checks,
which obliged them to retire upon tlie
Heuse, without having their organi-
. . . n uroKea up. xnir retiring move
ment has Cor Blled thn fnrnA. nn.
lng in the neighborhood of Spincourt to
withdraw also towards the Meuse.
1'urlng the last few days the enemv
1ms ondeavored to spread out from the
X( . url.h ...n.M.r. Vsl . . .
. ...-t- ....... " o out Dy
vigorous counter-offensive movement
they - -e repelled with great losses.
n ha m.nntlm. fr.sh . . .
nan troops advanced by the district of
tocroy (in Ardennes), marching in the
lrectlon of Rethel. Now a general
ction Is taking place between the
euse and Rethel. and It is still Ini-
... j iuw io; . c tl
Continued on i'a.c 2)
LOXDOX, Sept. 1, 3:30 A. M. The cor
respondent of the Express at The
Hagne cables his paper that Emperor
William has gone to the Russian front.
PARIS, Aug. 31, 10:02 P. M. Belgians
who are constantly arriving In Paris
say that the Germans have only from
2O0O to 3000 men In Brussels and It Is
raaj to sjet In and out of the city.
TVorth of Brussels there have been con
stant minor engagements, the Belgians
from Antwerp harassing the German
rear. Refugees from Laos, a few miles
from Lafere, say there arc no Germans
there. Many refugees also have ar
rived from Latere and Guise, where
there was sharp fighting yesterday. A
mother and her children made the dis
tance of 50 miles from Guise to Laon
on foot. They received food from the
soldiers on the vay.
PARIS, Aug. 31, 11:03 P. M An of
ficer, who was wounded in the battles
in the north, declares tha, without ex
aggeration, the German isses as com
pared with those of the allies, bear a
ratio of twenty to one. This was due
to the charges of massed Infantry in an
endeavor to break through the lines.
The three-inch guns did execution
heretofore unimaginable In the ranks
that succeeded one another until the
field was covered with dead and
ROME, Aug. SO, via Paris, Aug. 31.
A telegram from 3,ish received In
Genoa, Italy, says that Servla Is pre
paring to invade Bosnia and Herzego
vina. NEW YORK, Aug. 31 The British
steamship Holmvrood has been sunk by
a German cruiser off the coast ot South
America, according to a cablegram re
ceived by the owners of the Katherine
Park, which has the crew of the ship
aboard. The cablegram, which was from
Rio Janeiro, did not state the time or
place of the sinking nor did it give the
name of the German cruiser. The Holm
wood, a vessel of 4225 tons gross reg
lster, was on her way from Newport,
England, to Bahla Blanco, having left
the latter port July 29. The ship was
375 feet long, was built in 1912 and
was owned by F. S. Holland, of London.
WASHINGTON, Aug. SI. Both Ger
many end Great Britain have accepted
the proposal of the United States that
the wireless stations at Tuckerton,
. J., and Sayvllle, L. I., be permitted
to send code messages to belligerent
countries, subject to censorship by
American naval officers.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 31 Americans
and all other foreigners in Brussels
are safe, according to a message today
from American Minister Whltlock.
LONDON, Aug. 31., 8:42 P. M. Queen
Elizabeth of Belgium, with her chil
dren, arrived In England tonight.
LONDON, Sept. 1, 1 A. M. The of
ficial press bureau. In an announce
ment this morning, says the govern.
ment has gratefully accepted an offer
from the people of Alberta of half
million bushels of oats for the army
and from the government of Quebec of
4,000,000 pounds of cheese.
LONDON, Sept. 1, 1:30 A. M Premier
Asqultb and Arthur J. Balfour, one of
the leaders of the opposition in the
House of Commons, are to speak in the
historic Guild Hall, In the City of Lon
don, this week In an effort to encour
age recruiting. The Guild Hall will be
used as a recruiting station.
BELGIANS BRING PROTEST
Alleged Gem an Atrocities to Be Laid
PARIS, Aug. 31, 12 P. M. Tho Bel
gian commission, which Is on its way
to tho United States to protest against
alleged German atrocities in the war
zone, arrived in London tonight from
Antwerp, coming on a special train
from Folkestone. Count De Lechter-
velde, son of the former Belgian Min
ister at Washington, accompanies the
commission as secretary.
The Belgian Minister of Justice, Car
ton De Wlart, chairman of the com
mission, has arranged a conference
with Sir Edward Grey, tho British
Foreign Secretary, for tomorrow, after
which an official statement will be
made regarding the Belgian grievances.
One of the chief grounds of the pro
test to Washington is the allegation
that the Germans are capturing Bel
gians and carrying them to Germany
in bondage to do manual labor. The
destruction of Louvaln is regarded by
the commission as wholly unwarranted.
The commission expects to leave for
Washington within a few days.
ROBBER LOOTS CAFE TILL
Highwayman Holds Up Bartender
and Cnstomers to Get $6.
The William Tell Cafe, 354 East
Burnslde street, was held up by a lone,
unmasked highwayman shortly after
11 o'clock last night. The cash regis
ter was rifled, but the robber secured
only about 16.
The bartender. Henry Grodotzke,
and three customers were in the place
when the man entered and covered
them with a revolver. The four were
forced to line up at the far end of
the bar while the highwayman went
behind and opened the cash drawer.
CAR COMPANY LENDS COIN
rnlted Railroads Adopts Plan to
Save Employes From Loan Sharks.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 31. The
United Railroads, according to an an
nouncement made today, has decided
to guard its employes against loan
sharks by inaugurating in the near
future a plan by which the corporation
will lend money to its 3200 and more
employes at 5 per cent a year.
The details of the plan. President
Jesse W. Lillenthal said today, will be
DAVIS DEPICTS LIFE
IN LIMP BRUSSELS
Traffic Is Resumed to
CITY BARS ALL NEWS SENDING
Autos, Horses and Bicycles Are
Seized, Messengers Halted.
BELGIUM'S RUIN COMPLETE
Witness of Attack on Brussels From
Sky Declares Light Flashes From
Roofs Directed Aviators' Aim.
Holland Fears Germans.
BT RICHARD HARDING DAVIS.
(Copyright, by Wheeler Syndicate, Inc.)
LONDON, Aug. 31. After closing the
railroad from Brussels to Aix-la-Chap-
pelle for one week the German mili
tary authorities reopened it Thursday
to carry the wounded and prisoners.
For eight days Brussels had been iso
lated, mails, trams and telegraph were
in the hands of the Invaders. They
accepted our cables, censored them and
three days later told us that if we still
wished We could forward them. By this
they accomplished three things. They
found out what We are writing, de
layed for three days any news leaving
the city and offered us an inducement
to visit Holland, so ridding themselves
of our presence.
Every Message Blue-Penciled.
The authorities were equally severe
with the dispatches of those diplomats
who still remained In Brussels. With
the most chilly complacency they blue
penciled official dispatches to foreign
governments until diplomats discovered
what they were doing and sent cables
in cipher accompanied by open cables,
explaining to their -Ministers at home
that their confidential messages were
being censored and delayed in trans
mission. Except by messenger on foot, there
was no way to get news out of the
city. If a motorcar appeared it was at
once commandeered. This was true
also of horses and bicycles. All over
Brussels you saw, delivery wagons, pri
vate carriages and market carts with
the shafts empty and horse and har
Bicycles Seized Readily.
After three days a German soldier
who did not own a bicycle was poor.
Indeed. Requisitions were given for
these machines, setting forth that they
would be returned after the war, by
(Concluded on Page 4.)
I ATTACKING THE ENEMY'S COMMISSARY DEPARTMENT. j
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature "5
degrees; minimum, lit degrees.
TODAY'S Tuesday fair; northwest winds.
Austrlsns suffer severe defeat at hands of
Russians in Russian Poland. Page 1.
Thousands to flee from Paris today. Page 1.
Graphic description given of battle of
Alannes. rax, -u
General Pau defeata German army of 60.000
near Peronnes, is Antwerp report. Page 1.
Germans and Austrian aver struggle la
holy war. Pago 4.
Japan takes firat prize from Germany, isle
in Klau-Chau Bay. Page 2.
Richard Harding Davis pictures devasta
tion wrought In Belgium by war. Page 1.
Red Croaa will atart ship for Kurope Sun
day. Page 4.
Carranza ordera port of Vera Cruz closed,
Republicans In House fear war if Philippine
legislation la discussed. Page 5.
Allies protest against America purchasing
German merchant vessels. Page 2.
Miners threaten to set tiro to Butte. Page 5.
Casual American laborer inefficent, is tes
timony before commission. Page 6.
McLoughlln t-to-1 favorits In tennis cham
pionship play today. Page 10.
Championship load too heavy for Giants to
carry safely. Page 10.
Portland leads Coast League in batting.
Commercial and Marine.
Wheat advances and local flour market
will be raised. Page 15.
Plana made for meeting New York's finan-
September opens schedule of Eastern fleets
for Portland. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
"June, the Blonde" may be freed upon pay
ment of bad check losses by mother.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 15.
Hundreds form line for season seats at
Baker's. Page u.
County affairs to be reinvestigated by grand
J ury. Page 9.
Sweeping Republican victory predicted by
anHl.)ata Pflir, 11.
South American broker saya commercial op
portunities oetnuu. i
GRAND ARMY AT DETROIT
More Than 10,000 Arrive and Total
or 3 0,000 Expected.
DETROIT, Aug. 31. More than 10,
000 Grand Army veterans had arrived
here up to tonight for the official open
ing of the 48th National encampment.
Mora than 30,000 are expected. Nearly
every state in the Union was repre
sented at the meetings today.
The veterans flocked to the city In
such large numbers that no attempt
could be made to chec - up the regis
tration lists. Those in charge of the
encampment, however, said that the
earlier attendance was larger than had
8000 RESERVES PRISONERS
Britons Hold Germans and Aus
trians In South Africa.
CAPETOWN, via London, Aug. 31,
midnight. The process of rounding up
Austrian and German reservists from
the different parts of the Union of
South Africa and holding them as pris
oners of war has been proceeding for
a fortnight Some 8000 are now de
tained in a special camp at Johannes
burg. Prince Salm.Salm and several other
officers have been given special quar
ters in Bloemfontein. Prince Salm-Salm
is a Captain in the Prussian cavalry.
100,000 CLASH IN
BATTLE OF MALINES
Graphic Description by
Eye Witness Given.
GROUND STREWN WITH DEAD
Onslaught of Reinforced Ger
mans Routs Belgians.
GENDARME RIDES BRAVELY
Forgotten Battalions of Belgians
XotiHed Barely in Time or Re
treat Order, Leave Field
Dotted With the Slain.
BY E. ALEXANDER POWELL.
(Correspondent of the Chicago Tribune.)
ANTWERP, Aug. 27. The helmeted
legions of the Kaiser, driven out of
Mallnes on Tuesday, were reinforced
yesterday and before their overwhelm
lng onset tne Belgians sullenly gave
way and retreated with chins on
I write of what I saw with my own
eyes, as I had the distinction of beini
the only American correspondent per
muted to accompany the forces, the
government placing a military car at
The battle of Malines, in which four
Belgian divisions, totaling 50,000 men
contended with a considerably stronger
force of Germans, was fought in that
wonderfully beautiful region five miles
south of the famous lace city and a
dozen miles from Brussels.
To get a clear conception of the
battle one must picture a 50-foot high
railway embankment, its steeply slop
ing sides heavily wooded, stretching
across a smiling, fertile countryside
like a monstrous green snake. On this
lir.e run fast trains from Antwerp to
Brussels. Malines, with its historic
buildings and famous cathedral, lies
on one side of this embankment, and
Wilworde on the other, four miles
Belgians Act Rashly.
On Tuesday the Belgians, believing
the German communications to be
poorly guarded and the German garri
son in Brussels too weak to assist them
rashly sallied from the shelter of
Antwerp defenses and took the offen
sive like a terrier striking a bulldog.
They drove the Germans from Ma
lines, but the Germans brought up a
fresh army corps and yesterday morn
ing the Belgians found themselves in
a perilous position. The battle hinged
on the possession of the embankment
and was fought along a ten-mile front
(Concluded on Page 5.)
Monday's War Moves
THE French and the Russians take
the front today as a result of yes
terday's news from the firing line In
the great European conflict of na
tions. The most famous of French
Generals, Pau, is reported to have re
pulsed the German army of 50,000 near
Peronnes, In tho department of Somme.
Ccuct von Bernstorff, now In Wash
ington, says that Germany has more
than enough well-trained and thoroughly-equipped
men still on the west
er., boundary to cope wltli the com
bined '.Hacks of the allies, even with
their replenishment of reserves. He
says that the winning of the war on
land was the all-Important thing, since
the defeat of the German navy by a
greater navy was not unexpected, the
German navy being intended simply as
coast defense rather than an Invading
Defeat reported as irreparable has
befallen the Austrians In Russian Po
land. By all accounts, the Austrians
were attacked by the main army of
the Czar at Zamoste, 50 miles south
east of Lublin, and there were felled
with .terrific loss. Up to that point
of combat the Austrians had been re
ported as scoring decisive victories
against the bands of Russians they
encountered. Battles tn Russian Po
land, near the border, had been rag
ing several days and tho Russians are
said to have captured 4000 Austrians,
1000 in one batch and 3000 in another
Lublin appears to be the main defensive
point of the Austrians and desperate
fighting with the Russians is reported
The Japanese are assuming a bolder
front In the China Sea, and, according
to the latest developments In the strug
gle In the Far Fast, they have acquired
the Isle of Ta-Chien, Just outside of
Klau-Chau Bay, now heavily mined by
the Germans. Heavy cannonading is
reported and it has led to the belief
that the fleets of the allies have
opened on the Tsing-Tau fortifications.
The Germans are determined to die
rather than surrender.
A feature to the Far Fast situation
loomed in Washington, where the Re
publicans In Congress see a chance for
America to become Involved In the war
should independence be granted the
islands at this critical time in the
world's history. A minority House re
port says the topic of Independence Is
too dangerous, us the battlo xone now
Is too close.
All Paris is in turmoil today. As the
army la busily engaged preparatory to
all possible defense for the city, the
residents and foreign visitors are cry
ing for a chance to escape. Thousands
would f)ee and the trains now are so
overcrowded that the transportation
facilities are overtaxed. Even the
ticket offices were compelled to close
yesterday before tho day was spent
because there was no more chance of
getting the people out of the city, so
there was no uso of selling tickets. The
offices will reopen this morning at 6
The Dutch situation is growing in
tense. The dikes are being mined.
Great Britian has ordered Holland not
to send to Germany any more grain.
The Hollanders fear trouble on their
neutral territory if this order Is met,
and yet the Queen of the Netherlands
would abide by the wishes of her
British friends. The grain Issue is a
According to official advices received
at Washington France Is considering
the advisability of moving the seat of
government to Bordeaux.
Great Britain has joined with France
in objecting to tho purchase by the
United States of German liners in con
nection with the plan to build up a
It is reported by steamship officers
arriving at Honolulu that British war
ships off Hongkong are holding up all
vessels including these under the
American flag, and removing Germans
and Austrians bound to the scene of
The moratorium proclaimed at the
outbreak of the war In Great British
has been extended for another month.
BALLOT IS FOUR FEET LONG
Forty-Eight Proposals Are Submit
ted to California Voters.
SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Aug. 31.
(Special.) Advance copies of the No
vember election ballot, received here
today, are a curiosity. Printed in fine
type on paper nearly four feet wide
and two feet long, they are the largest
Four columns are devoted to the
names of the various candidates,
enough In Itself to make an election
officer gasp, while three wide columns
contain the questions and propositions
submitted to the vote of electors. There
are 48 of them.
There still are other questions and
propositions to be placed before the
$150,000 FIRE IN TAC0MA
Oarsten's Packing Plant Burned
Early This Morning.
TACOMA. Wash., Sept. 1. At 1:41
this morning the big plant of the Car
sten'a Packing Company, one of the
largest In the West, Is threatened with
total destruction by fire.
Practically all the city's apparatus Is
fighting the blaze.
The main part of the plant Is admit
ted to be lost. The blaze originated in
the lard refining portion of the plant
It Is estimated the loss will total
Call Americans on Way Home.
GENOA, Aug. 31, via Paris, 11:3S P.
M. The steamer Ho d'ltalia sailed for
New York, today with 2311 Americans
N RUSSIAN POLAND
Main Army of the Czar
Pounces Upon Them.
BATTLE RAGES SEVERAL DAYS
Report Says Defeat
Zamoste Is Irreparable.
4000 PRISONERS TAKEN
Decisive Victories Up to Scene of
Disastrous Attack Are Reported
it. Austrians Germans Send
Fresh Force to Border.
ROME. Aug. 31. via London. 9:56 P. M.
The Messagero publishes a telegram
from Sofia. Bulgaria, which says the
Austrians have suffered an Irreparable
defeat at Zamoste. in Russian Poland.
50 miles southeast of Lublin.
BERLIN, Aug. 28, via Copenhagen
and London, Aug. 31. 3:48 P. M. The
following account of Austrian opera
tions hss been obtained In Berlin from
an official Austrian source:
"In Austro-Hungarlan theater of war
decisive battles have been in progress
several days. Our forces, which were
victorious near Krasnlk, pursued the
Russians In the direction of Lublin. The
Austrians sdvancsd also into the
enemy's territory, between the rivers
Bug and Wieprz. and we have taken
positions in front of Zamoste.
Itrclslve Is Underscored.
"Other contingents of tho Austrian
army hold their positions northeast and
southwest of Lemberg. After crossing
the Dniester, they encountered great
forces of the enemy.
"Emphasis Is placed on the word 'de
cisive' in this official report.
"The Austro-Hungarlan battle front
stretches "00 kilometers (420 miles)."
A correspondent of the Berlin Tage
blatt at the Austrian headquarters,
telegraphing under date of August !H
regarding events subsequent to the de
feat of the Russians at Krasnlk, says
the Austrian army advanced In the di
rection of Lublin with the object of
making the reunion of the Russian
army of the Vistula with Its right wing
impossible. This Is the principal Rus
sian army opposing the Austrian.
LONDON, Aug. 31. 12:63 A. M. An
official telegram received in London
declares that fresh forces of Germans
have uppenred on the Prussian frontier
and that at some points they are taking
the offensive In combating the Rus
sians. Long Battle Itenorled.
Recent reports from Belgium have
told of the movement of Gorman troop
trains east. Indicating that the German
general staff was withdrawing certain
forces from their western front to re
inforce the German and Austrian
armies In East Prussia and Galiciu.
Berlin and St. Petersburg reports agree
that there has been terrific fighting in
those districts for several days.
The Post's St. l'etersburg corre
Invasion Hard to Stop.
"It Is significant that In the recent
fighting not only the German Held
forces, out the fortress garrisons from
Thorn and Gruudens (In East Prussia.
East of the Vistula) took part with a
strong force of heavy artillery.
"This proves that the Germans aro
finding a serious shortage as regards
men with whom to oppose the invaders.
"The Russian forces are still ad
vancing and for the past three days
there has been fierce fighting around
Koenlgsbetg. The Russian pursuit was
pressed co hotly that some of Its
cavalry actually entered along with
fugitives into the outlying defenses of
Koenlgsberg. which they secured. This,
of course. Is far removed from the
capturo of the fortress.
Russians Take 400O Captives.
"On the Austrian front obstinate
fighting continues. The Russians have
taken 3000 prisoners east of Lemberg
and 1000 near Tomachoff, while east of
that center the 15th Hungarian division
was surrounded and whole regiments
"The main defensive point of the
Austrians appears to be Lublin, where
desperate fighting is In progress."
EAST PHLS-IAN'S TFKHORIZFO
Americans Are Reported Victims in
- GENEVA, Switzerland, via Paris,
Aug. 31. News received here from
Berlin and Frankfort, where refugees
continue to arrive from East Prussia,
is to the effect that the terror of the
refugees is spreading to th towns
along the railroad line and that a
great exodous of them is expected
Refugees arriving here from Danzig.
Eastern Prussia, say the advance guard
ot tne Russian Cossacks has been seen
in that neighborhood. It Is reported
here that there were several Americans
aa well as English and Swiss victims
M.,raf (inn in Is Extended One Month.
LONDON. Aug. II, 1065 P. M. David
Lloyd-George, Chancellor of the Ex
chequer, announced In the House of
Commons tonight that the moratorium
would be extended for a month. It
would be too risky, he aald, to bring It
to an end at once.