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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 29, 1914)
BERLIN SAYS ENEMY
IS IN FULL RETREAT
Germans Claim Every,
thing in West
BRITISH SAVAGELY ATTACKED
Crown Prince's Army Advanc
ing on River Meuse.
LAST RESERVISTS CALLED
Guard on Communications Strength
ened Opposing Armies Declared
to Be Ringed With Vic
BERLIN, Aug. 28, by wireless to
the Associated Press, via Sayville,
It I., Auk- 28. Headquarters has
Issued an official report that the west
ern enemy has everywhere been defeat
ed and is In full retreat after nine days'
General Von Kluk defeated the Eng
lish army at Maubeuge, renewed the at
tack today, and threatened to surround
Generals Von Guelow and Von Hau
ren completely defeated the Franco
Belgian forces, about eight corps, be
tween the Sambre and "amur and the
Meuse in several days' battle, and are
now pursuing them to the eastward of
Enemy Attacked and Pursued.
The attack on Maubeuge was opened
by the Grand Duke Albrecht of Wuer-
temburg, who defeated and pursued the
enemy across the Semois and the
The German Crown Prince Is advanc
ing toward the Meuse, and the Crown
Prince of Bavaria repulsed an attack
from Nancy and the south.
General Von Heeringen continues the
pursuit southward through the Vosges.
Four Belgian divisions, attacking
Tuesday and Wednesday from Ant
werp, have been repulsed, losing guns
and many prisoners. The Belgian pop
ulation generally participated in the
fighting, necessitating severe repress
Last Reservists Called On.
A corps of the last reservists have
been called out to guard communica
tions. The Danish colony In Berlin has
warned foreigners to beware of ficti
A meeting today of all foreign colo
nies in Berlin was held, at which a res
olution was passed thanking the Ger
man government for the kind treat
ment of foreigners and to express ad
miration for the wonderful spirit and
enthusiasm shown by the German peo
ple. Civilians of the Belgian town of
Louvaln made a perfidious attack on
German troops while fighting. Louvaln
was punished by the destruction of the
DEFENSE SYSTEM IN PERU
British Expert Emphasizes Necessity
for Holding Ground.
LONDON. Aug. 28. The Times" mili
tary correspondent in discussing the
situation on the French frontier says:
"The news that the allies have re
tired to the line from Lecateau to
Cambral shows that active defense of
the line from Lille to Maubeuge has
been abandoned, and that these two
fortresses have been left temporarily
to look after themselves.
"The necessity for holding the In
terval between the Scheldt and Cam
brai and the Sambre near Lecateau
is probably due to the need of holding
Mezleres. Once this point goes, or the
Meuse between Mezleres and Verdun is
penetrated by the invaders, the whole
system of frontier defense of Eastern
France breaks down, and if the field
armies are inferior to the enemy noth
ing remains but retreat.
"If the line there Is skillfully de
fended It should be most difficult to
penetrate Latere, Laon and Rheims,
which are provided with permanent
fortifications. But we are not at that
The line from Lecateau to Cambrai
must expect an enveloping attack on
the north, but this attempt will prob
"We have every right to expect suc
cess today, but if we do not win a
decisive victory we must abandon our
bases on the coast north of the mouth
of the Somrae and shift farther south,
either to Havre or Cherbourg.
"If we are unable to resume the of
fensive and beat back the German at
tack from the north, one consequence
will be that the Germans will establish
aircraft stations along the Straits of
Dover and thereby be able to keep us
under constant observation.
"We must meet this by a counter
attack with searchlights and anti-aircraft
guns. Sportsmen should make up
practice parties for airship shooting.
"The Germans will also mount their
heaviest guns at any port they seize
and once more there will be an army
encamped on the heights of Boulogne.
'Let us, however, be grateful for one
mercy. The International financiers,
doctrinaires and lunatics who wish to
fit us out with a channel tunnel are
silenced for good and all."
A dispatch to the Express from
Lille announces that the advance guard
of Germans is now at Pont-A-Marcq
"This represents," says the Lille cor-
i Concluded on Face 2.)
LONDON, Aug. 28 The Germans
continued to bombard lalln today,
destroying or damaging moat of the
monuments, according to a dispatch
from the Ostend correspondent of the
Renter Company. They have not en.
tered the town.
LONDON, Aug. 20. The Russian Em
bassy here last night received advices
M i.t.-rki.,,r,- . the effect that
! the Russians had occupied Altensteln,
Kas Prussia. OS miles soutn oi
Koenlgsberg. after repulsing the Ger
nuns, who had bruuiht up the rein
forcements. In Gallcia. the advices
ay, the Russian advance continued
and an Austrian regiment had been
I.OKriOV. Anr. 28. A dispatch to the
Renter Company, from Ostend, saya
that of the German war levy of "40,owo,-
( on the cltv of Brussels only S-ou
000 has been paid thus far, and the
Germans say that If the remainder is
i.,, i made irood. they will seise the pic
tures and works of art In the museums.
SOUTHAMPTON, England, Aug. 20.
Th. tir-i hnanitnl shin from France ar
rived here last night with 200 British
wounded from the first battle at Mons.
Nearly all the men were wounded by
LONDON, Aug. 28. The Marquis of
Crewe, Secretary of State for India, In
dicated In the Honse of Lords today
that the Government proposed to em
ploy native Indian troops In the war.
LONDON, Aug. 2S. The Belgian
Foreign Minister reports that the Bel
gian city of Lovaln, In the province of
Brabant, has been burned by the Ger
mans. TSING-TAU, China, Aug. 28 Two
small Japanese cruisers yesterday drew
the first shots from the Tslng-Tau for
tifications. Several shots dropped
around one of the cruisers, whereupon
i... I fired one shot in reply and
withdrew. It Is reported that one Ger
man shell found Its mark.
LONDON, Aug. 28. A Central News
di.natrh from Brlndlsl. Italy, says that
.. itrliio. deairover sank an Austrian
destroyer off Corfu after a 10-mlnute
i.nxnnv. Amr. 28 The Exchange
Telegraph Company publishes a dis
patch from Its Ghent correspondent
saying that the Germans have placed
several quick-firing guns in the out
skirts of Brussels, principally on the
north side, from which direction the
Belgian troops In Antwerp would ar
rive for an attack.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 28 France has
submitted to the United Statea and
other neutral governments a sworn
statement that after an engagement at
Moncel, a German pf fleer fired on, three
Red Cross nurses, kllllug two and
wounding the tklrd.
LONDON, Aug. 28. A dispatch to
the Exchange Telegraph Company from
Rome says that a dispatch received
there from Vienna saya Austria has de
clared war on Belgium. The American
Minister In Belgium has been asked to
take charge of Austrian Interests there.
PARIS, Aug. 28. The Havas Newa
Agency declares today that two motor
cyclists attached to the Belgian army,
who arrived In Paris today from Namur,
declare that the forts at Namur are still
holding out and that they are not even
ready to surrender.
NEW YORK, Aug. 2S. The National
Association of Importers has decided
to appoint a committee to assist mem
bers whose consignments have been
seized at sea by belligerents.
LONDON, Aug. 2S It Is nnnounced
that the British fleet has sunk two
German cruisers and two German tor
pedoboat destroyers off Heligoland. A
third cruiser was set afire and wna left
sinking. No British ships were lost in
the bottle. It was added, and the Brit
ish loss of life was not heavy.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 28. Emperor
Nicholas of Russia today acknowledged
President Wilson's offer of mediation.
All the warring European nations have
now replied, but none has indicated
more than an acknowledgment.
NEW YORK, Aug. 2S. It was re
ported In shipping circles here today
that six more British cruisers had been
ordered to the Atlantic Coast to block
ade American ports against the escape
of German merchant ships and to clear
the North Atlantic of the enemy's war
ships. The British Consul-General
here would neither confirm nor deny
LONDON, Aug. 28. A dispatch re
ceived here from Amsterdam saya the
Telegraaf, a local newspaper, declares
that the German Exchequer has taken
steps to seize all Japanese balances In
BRUSSELS DOES NOT PAY
Burgomaster Says He Has Not $40,-
000,0'00; Hostages Designated.
LONDON, Aug. 28. The Antwerp
correspondent of the Exchange Tele
graph Company says the burgomaster
of Brussels has not handed over the
war levy .of $40,000,000 demanded by
Germany. He declares he has not the
The German military government,
the correspondent says, has designated
as hostages Ernest Solvay, who has
been described as the Belgian Carnegie,
on whom it has Imposed a tax of 30,
000,000 francs ($6,000,000), and Baron
Lambert Rothchild, who has been
taxed 10,000,000 francs.
Neutrality Inquiry Urged.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 28. Reports
that a Hartford, Conn., concern is fur
nishing rapid-fire guns to agents of
European belligerents and that a man
ufacturing company near Philadelphia
Is preparing to ship armored cars to
Canada caused Representative Bar
tholdt, of Missouri, to Introduce a res
olution today asking Secretary Bryan
what steps have been taken to prevent
the shipment of contraband of war to
nations at war.
INDIAN TROOPS TO
BE SENT TO FRANCE
Kitchener Says Forces
Are Already on Way.
TORN LINES BEING FILLED
Reinforcements Also to Be
Sent From British Isles.
FRONTIER STILL SECURE
Secretary Declares Keen Desire of
Combatants in Far East to En
ter Service Is Gratifying
LONDON, Aug. 28. Lord Kitchener,
Secretary of State for War, announced
in the House of Lords today that In
addition to the reinforcements which
would be received f-om this country,
the government had decided that the
British Army In France should be fur
ther increased, '"he troops to Increase
the forces were now on the .way, he
said. He added that all the gaps In
the army In France were being filled.
That the employment of native In
dian troops was meant by Lord Kitch
ener was later confirmed by the Mar
quis of Crewe, Secretary of State for
India Fired With Patriotism.
The Marquis of Crewe said:
"It has been deeply impressed on
the government that the wonderful
wave of enthusiasm and 1- alty at the
present tirr. passing over India is
largely due to the desire of the Indian
people that Indian soldiers should
stand side by side with their com
patriots in the British armv.
"India is aware of the employment
of African troops to assist the French
war and it would have been a disap
pointment to India if they had been
debarred from taking part in the war
Keen Desire Gratifying.
"Our army will thus be reinforced
by soldiers high-soule'1 men of first
rate training and I am certain that
they will give the best possible ac
count of themselves. I venture to
think that this keen desire of our In
dian fellow subjects so to co-operate
with us Is not less gratifying than the
same desire shown in the self-governing
dominions, some of whose soldiers
In due course will no doubt also be
found fighting side by side with Brit
ish troops and Indian troops In the
"Of course we all know that India
does not possess an inexhaustible re-
(Concluded on Page 2.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 73
degrees; minimum, 57 degrees.
TODAY'S Saturday fair; north-west winds.
Louvaln burned. Belgians say, to cover Ger
mans' own error. Page 1.
Germany and Austria-Hungary' willing to
make peace on lour conditions, rage i.
Wounded Britons tell of attack in open.
Asqulth urges all Britons to help In war.
Canadian reefment. including many Amer
icans, off for Europe today. Page 2.
British native Indian troops on way to
France. Page 1.
Paris well fortified but will be strengthened.
Brlitsh victors In North Sea battle. Page 2.
Belgian officer in armored auto kills Uhlans
and reports as to German troops. Page 3.
President spends first day of Summer vaca
tion at Harlakenden House. Page 5.
Japanese slayer of white woman blames -aw
forbidding marriage of races. Page 2.
Federal Inquiry into hopplcklng riots begun.
Recall petitions filed against four Columbia
County officials. Page 11.
Coast League results: San b rancisco J,
Portland I: Oakland 3, Sacramento 2;
Venice S. Los Angeles 5. Pag 10.
Western tennis men. all but Griffin, still la
Newport play. Page 10.
Great futurity run today at Saratoga.
Moose Mulrhead. track star, to enter Unlver.
lty of Oregon. Page 10.
Commercial and Marine.
Cauda and California in market for North
western oats. Page 15.
Sharo reaction in wheat at Chicago. Page 15.
Eastern roads will issue through bills of
lading on foodstuffs. Page 13.
Eight objections filed at hearing for change
of harbor lines. Page 14.
Colusa Balls as British vessel and will take
chances on capture. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Idle to be warned to stay away from Port
land this Winter. Page .
Big scale Is presented to Railroad Commis
sion for In laboratory. Page 14.
Free trade brings invasion of Northwest by
foreign farm products. Page 11.
Pair of shoes and fiatiron cost farmer
$3000. Page 7.
FRENCH GENERAL IS KILLED
Two Writers Among Casualties of
Officers Published in Paris.
LONDON. Aug. 29. A dispatch from
Paris to the Reuter Company says the
French War Office is beginning to
publish lists of casualties among the
officers engaged in lighting and that
already one General had been killed.
Among the deaths announced today
was that of Lieutenant-Colonel Pat
rick Mahon, who fell lighting In Alsace.
He came of old Irish stock and from
the same family as the late Marshal
MacMahon. once President of France.
He was a regular contributor to the
Temps and an author of military works.
Philippe Millet, another writer, also
figures in the casualty list among the
City Gets Coal Supply.
Fearing a rise in the price of coal
because of the European war the city
yesterday awarded a contract to the
Willamette Fuel & Supply Company for
500 tons of first-class fuel to be deliv
ered during the coming 12 months. The
city by entering Into the contract will
get first-class coal at present market
prices, amounting to about $9 a ton.
A contract was awarded to the Fir
wood Lumber Company for 80,000 feet
of road planking for use In building a
road from Bull Run station to the Bull
Run head works. The price paid for
the lumber will be $820.
COMING THEIR WAY.
BURNING OF LOUVAIN
Belgian Says Germans
Covered Own Error.
It Was German Guard Itself
That Shot, Says Envoy.
NOTED CITIZENS KILLED
Splendid Church, University, Library
and Scientific Buildings Among
Those Destroyed Washing
ton Formally Xotified.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 28. Formal
protest against the burning of Louvaln
by German troops as a violation of
international law and the laws of
humanity, was submitted today to the
State Department by Belgian Minister
The Minister was deeply moved, when
he left Secretary Bryan's office, where
for the last few weeks his visits have
meant the record of pathetic history
for his country.
News Saddens Minister.
"1 bring this knowledge to the United
States," the Minister said sadly, "for it
is not only Belgium who has to mourn.
This thing concerns the whole world."
LONDON, Aug. 28 The War Infor
mation Bureau announces the follow
ing: "The Belgian Minister of Foreign
Affairs reports that on Tuesday a Ger
man army corps after receiving a check
withdrew in disorder to the City of
Louvaln. The Germans on guard at
the entrance of the city, mistaking the
nature of this incursion, tired on their
countrymen, whom they mistook for
City's Destruction Ordered.
"In spite of all the denials from the
authorities, the Germans. In order to
cover their mistake, pretended that it
was the inhabitants who had fired on
thorn, whereas the inhabitants, includ
ing the police, all had been disarmed
more than a week before.
"Without inquiry and without listen
ing to anv Drotest. the German com
mander announced that the town would
be destroved immediately. The in
habitants were ordered to leave their
dwellings and some were made prison
ers. The women and children were
placed on trains the destinations of
which are not known and soldiers fur
nished with bombs set fire to all parts
of the city
"The splendid Church of St. Peter,
fOonclurted on Pase 2.)
FRIDAY'S WAR MOVES
WITH absolute official silence con
cerning' war operations In
France and Belgium yesterday, inter
est was transferred to news of a Brit
ish victory in a sea battle off Heligo
land, the German naval stronghold In
the North Sea. The Germans sre re
ported to have lost two cruisers and
two torpedo-boats sunk, whllo another
of their cruisers and many of their
destroyers were badly battered In
fight with British warships. - This an
nouncement comes from British official
sources and the assertion Is added that
the British navy did not lose a vessel
and that there were few fatalities on
board British ships. This engage
ment Is regarded as important as
showing the Heets to be in touch with
each other, although the ships report
ed lost cannot be said to constitute
material proportion of the great ar
fleet Germany Is known to have In re
serve either near Heligoland. In the
Kaiser WUhelm Canal or in the Baltic,
near Cuxhaven. It may indicate, how
ever, that the British have succeeded
in rendering harmless some of the
mines with which German waters were
protected at the cutset of hostilities.
The Island of Heligoland, which lies
45 miles off the mouths of the rivers
Elbe and Weber, always has been re
garded as a point of great strategic
roitiA frtr tYiA nrnteetlnn of the Kaiser
Wilhelm Canal and otherwise in the
naval defense of Germany.
Again last night there was a paucity
of news concerning the land warfare
In Europe. The French war office, In
a statement, said laconically that the
situation along Its lines on Friday was
the same as It was on Thursday, adding
that the Germans "apparently have
slackened their march." That was all.
From England there came not a word
officially concerning the fighting on
The Important announcement that
native troops from India were being
sent to France was made In the Houso
of Lords by the Marquis of Crewe, Sec
retary of State for India, and Lord
Kitchener. Lord Kitchener said that In
addition to reinforcements which would
be received from Britain Itself, the
government had decided that the
British army in France should be In
creased and that the Indian troops were
chosen to increase the forces. Lord
Kitchener added that all the gaps in
the army In France were being ttlleil.
The Marquis of Crewe said the
Indian people desired that tho native
soldiers should fight by the side of
their comrades in the British army and
it would have been a disappointment
to India If they had been debarred from
taking part in the war In Europe.
The Marquis asserted that In spite of
heavy drafts on the Indian army, the
Indian frontiers would be fully se
cured. Louvaln, a Belgium town of 45,000 in
habitants and with many historic
buildings, is reported to have been
burned by the Germans as an act of re
prisal, alleging Belgian citizens fired
on German soldiers. The Belgians con
tended, however, that the people of
Louvaln did not commit the hostile act
charged, but that It was tho Germans
themselves who fired on their fellow
countrymen. The Belgian .Minister to
the United States filed a formal protest
yesterday with the State Department at
Washington. The Belgian version Is
that a German army corps on Tuesday,
while withdrawing to the City of Lou
vain, was fired on by Germans on
guard at the entrance of the city, who
thereafter, to conceal their error, made
charges against the citizens and burned
the citv in nretended reprisal. The
City of Louvaln was noted as a seat of
learning and art. and among the build
ings destroyed were the historic church
of St. Pierre, the famous Hotel lie Vllle
and the structures composing the uni
versity. It was declared that several
of the city's notable citizens were shot.
AMERICANS MADE TO ARM
Xations Seize on Sojourning Kxpa
trates State Department to Act.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2. American
Consuls In Europe are being over
whelmed with appeals for aid from
claimants of American citizenship who
have been forced to take up arms tor
their land of birth.
In Germany the situation is the most
complicated, for the only treaties the
United States has which touch on this
subject were made with separate states
and principalities before the confeder
ation of the empire. None of these ac
cept first naturalization papers as a
valid obstacle against repatriation.
Mine Americans by adoption, who
are surgeons or physicians, mechanics
or at least material for able-bodied sol
diers, have been or are about to be sent
to war. In the cases of those who are
bona fide citizens the State Department
a ma kinir representations, but it was
pointed out today diplomatic bodies
move slower than recruiting sergeants.
BORDER TROUBLE NOT SEEN
Report of Threatened Gcrmun-Amor-icaii-Canadlan
WASHINGTON. Aug. 28. Messages
predicting trouble between German-
Americans and Canadians nave oeen
received by the State Department from
persons In several states along the
Careful investigation by authorities,
officials stated tonight, have In each
. nPnu mrh fears utterly
;iiniflu. . v. .
groundless. No details were given,
but It Is known that warning messages
have come from Maine, Vermont and
IK Calllaiix' Voe Among Wounded.
PARIS, Aug. 28. In the list of
French losses made public today was
the name of Fernand D'Allleres. who
ran against Jos Calllaux recently In
.ia..tinU fnr membership in the
Chamber of -jeputies and was defeated
by M. Calllaux. Later ne ana ai.
L.1H ..a-Kf n rilll Th CflSttaltV
LaniauA iune.li. m -
ljt gave M. D'Allleres as among the
wounded in the fignting in teigium.
DUAL ALLIANCE HAS
4 PEACE CONDITIONS
Price of Ending War
BRITISH CONSENT UNLIKELY
Germany Asks Recognition of
Commerce and Colonies.
BUFFER STATE DESIRED
Reconstruction of Old Kingdom In
Middle Kurope Propo-cd lrance
lo I'ny indemnity; Srvla
lo Cense PropoRiunlii.
BT JOHN CALLAN O'l.ACOHMN.
WASHINGTON. Aug 2 (8pclal.)
Germany and Austria-Hungary r
prepare. 1 to make, peace at any tlm
on these conditions:
lThat Great Britain shall respect
German commerce and Germany's right
to colonies abroad.
j That France shall pay an Indem
nity to meet the expenses Incurred by
Germany and Austria In connection
with the war.
S That a buffer stale. formed
through the reconstltutlon of th old
Polish kingdom, be created between
Germnny. Russia and Austria.
4 That Scrvla shall glvs guaran
tees to Austria-Hungary under wh. h
she will cease her propaganda de
signed to acquire Austro-Hungarlan
Sen I'nnrrilrd lo llrltaln.
Germnny and Austria-Hungary on
their part will agree to recognize th
naval supremacy of Grent Britain.
Your correspondent Is In a position
to affirm that this represents the Ger
man price ..f peace. It further rati be
said that Germany does not want and
never has wanted additional Trench
territory, nor has the Berlin govern
ment any desire to acquire more of
Toland from Russia and thereby In
crease her Polish problem.
If tho entente can be Induced to ac
cept the foregoing terms Germany will
be ready at any moment to terminal
the war. Otherwise she will continue
It It l tho Intention of her strate
gists not only lo occupy Paris, but. M
greater Importance In the war gams,
they are playing to seise and hold Os
tend and Calais, the two ports In closa
proximity to England.
llrltlsh Ullllaaaess Improbable.
It Is believed the Germnn terms havs
. Kn officially communicated to
I IV, I. " .
this government, nor Is It likely that
-.l,lr,r of the kind V.II1 ne ttrme mini
Great Brltnln shows a disposition to
make peace. That Great Britain win
make such a move at this moment Is
The Germans have been victorious In
every encounter on land, save In tna
vicinity of the Russlsn frontier. Tho
terrain there Is flat and not easily de
fended and the German forces have
deemed It advisable to fall back beforo
the Russian forces, but will make a
stand at the Vistula River, when,
strong fortifications have been erected.
By the time these fortifications are at
tacked the campaign In Franc will
have been far advanced. It Is the ex
pectation of German strategists that
within three weeks their troops will M
besieging Paris. It then will be pos
sible to detach several corps and hasten
them to the northeast for the purpose
of operating against the Russians.
Hermans Alioliilcl OhMhA
There Is absolute confidence on th
part of the Germans that they will b
successful on land. They have no ex
pectation that they will be able to de
feat the British fleet.
This explains why the German fleet
has not left port. It explains further
why the Germans are willing to rec
ognize British supremacy on the sea
on condition that the British In turn
respect their commercial and colonial
In reference to the latter, the con
tinent on which the Berlin government
particularly has Its eyes Is Afrl. s
With France beaten to her knees aba
must pay. besides an Indemnity, by the
Hiirrendcr of somo of her African ter
ritory. Great Britain and liormany
will control Africa between them If
the Berlin government views ar
It Is contended by the German that
they did not want th war; that Rus
sia, "the greatest autocracy of mod
ern times." precipitated the struggl
through Its insistence on the right to
protect the Slavs wherever they ar. and
they regard it as a great pity thaw
France should be made to pay such a
tremendou price. But It was Franc
who financed Russia and it was Franc
who threw in her fortunes with her
ally. To prevont further Frnoh as
sistance of Russia. Germany stru.k
Von Brrnstorft Calls an Bryan.
Count von Hornstorff, th Grmsn
Ambassador, had a long confarcne to
day with Secretary of Stat Bryan.
What the Ambassador said to the Sec
retary only th two men know and
neither will discuss the subjects they
It Is believed that Count von Rern
storff takes the view that Germany I
prepared at any time to make peaov,
provided Great Britain compile with
(Concluded on Paso 2 I