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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 28, 1914)
l'KK'i: FIVE CENTS.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 28, 1914.
VOL. LIV NO. 16,774.
OF FORTS AT NAMUR
Lille, Roubaix, Valen
PARIS PREPARING FOR SIEGE
Wounded Are Sent to Southern
and Western France.
CAPTURED CITIES RICH
Lille Mot Important From Strategic
Viewpoint All Arc Manufactur
ing Centers and One Has
Fortress of First-Class.
LONDON, Aug. 27. Contradictory re
ports of the situation near the border
of Belgian Luxemburg reached London
today. A dispatch by wireless from
Berlin contained the assertion that all
the forts of Namur had fallen and that
Longwy. near the Luxemburg: border,
had fallen. A Belgian report said that
only two of the Namur forts had been
lost, they being destroyed by tne bom
bardment. A dispatch from Ostend said, how
ever, that the Germans had occupied
Lille. Roubaix and Valenciennes, all In
France. Lille and Valenciennes are 10
miles from the line and Roubaix five.
Roubaix is five miles northeast of Lille
and Valenciennes is 30 miles southeast
of the same city.
Lille Han Important Fortress.
Lille is the most important from a
military point of view. It has a for
tress of the first class and the circle
of its forts is 30 miles. Recent dis
patches from Paris said Lille was held
by French reservists. Roubaix would
appear not to be fortified. It Is a
Valenciennes also !s a manufactur
ing City, And is an Important point. It
has an arsenal and extensive barracks.
Paris Taking Precautions.
It was officially announced that
Paris is preparing for siege. The gov
ernment is taking precautions to send
most of the wounded to Southern and
Western France. Refugees from Bel
gium and Northern France will not be
permitted to remain there. Paris is
simply a way station toward Southern
and Western towns. American and oth
er foreigners in the capital are begin
ning to understand that their presence
In the city would not be desirable.
The subject was discussed by the
new Minister of War. Alexandre Mil
lerand. with the subordinates of his
department, and steps were taken to
determine the exact measures neces
sary to place the city In a state to
withstand an attack and-invasion.
Mile Is KM Defended.
The Ostend correspondent of the
London Dally Express quotes a Belgian
officer to the effect that it was de
cided last Monday not to defend Lille
and that on Tuesday the Mayor issued
a proclamation announcing the evacua
tion of the French troops and the
transformation of the town into an un
"All the gendarmes were disarmed
and steps were taken to deliver the
city, with all its rich factories, up to
the Germans," this officer declared.
A dispatch to the Reuter Telegram
romnany from Paris announces that
President Poincare has signed a decree
permitting the nomination of officers
to a superior grade for the duration of
the war without any conditions as to
Cnder this decree it will be possible
to replace immediately on the field
officers killed or wounded, by young
officers who by their bravery and zeal
prove themselves worthy of high com
mands. The order will not cause future dif
ficulties, as all such nominations will
be subject to obligatory revision after
,l IIMAN J.OSSKS AKE HEAVY
French Report Tells or Finding of
7 n ii ii I Iodic-.
PARIS. Aug. 27. The following of
ficial bulletin was issued by the War
"111 the Vosges district our troops to
day resumed the offensive and drove
ba k the Germans, who yesterday had
forced them to retire on the Saint Die
:.ile. The Germans yesterday bom
baicled Saint Die. which is an unforti
li td town.
"In the region between the Vosges
and Nancy our offensive movement has
..ntinued uninterruptedly for five days.
The German losses have been consider
able: 2500 bodies were found on a front
of three kilometers southeast of Nancy
and 4500 bodies on a front of four kilo
meters in the region of Vltrimont.
"Longwy. a very old fortress, the
garrison of which consisted of only
one battalion, which had been bom
barded August 3, capitulated today,
after holding out for more than 24
days. More than half the garrison were
killed or wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel
I'areche. Governor of Longwy, has-been
nominated an officer of the Legion of
Honor for heroic conduct In the de
fense of Longwy.
"On the Meuse our troops have re
pulsed with great vigor several German
attacks. A German flag was taken.
"The Belgian field army attached to
(Concluded on iage 6.)
LOKOON, Aw. 27. It Is said tljat
British marines have occupied Ostend
to prevent the Germans from setting
a foothold on the English Channel.
WASHINGTON, Auk. 27. Secretary
llrjan today cabled all American em
bassies and legations In Europe to urge
American to leave Europe without
ST. PETERSBURG, via London," Aug.
27. It Is officially announced that the
Russians have occupied Tilsit, a town
UO miles northeast of Koenlgsherg, East
LONDON, Auk. 27. A merchant who
arrived yesterday from Berlin, accord
ing: to a C'openhHR-en dispatch to the
Chronicle, says trains from Koenigs
berg; reaching: Berlin are crowded with
fugitives, who say civilians have been
strongly advised to leave.
LONDON, Aug. 27. Refugees from
the scene of the lighting around Mons
report that airmen took a prominent
part In directing the German artillery,
says the Times correspondent In Paris.
Aeroplanes hovered over the British po
sitions and their pilots signalled the
German batteries by means of a dlse
swung at the end of a line.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 27. The United
States has Informed the powers of Eu
rope of Its Intention to send the ar
mored cruiser North Carolina to Turkey
to carry gold for the relief of Ameri
cans, according to an announcement to
day by the State Department.
LONDON, Aug. 27 Home Secretary
McKenna said today that no spies had
. . . - , . i .... .1 i i, been
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rumors that many persons In the secret
employ of Germany had been executed.
PARIS, Aug. 27. Xavler de Castel
nau, the 12-year-old son of General
Caxtelnau, chief of staff, was among the
killed In the recent action.
LONDON, Aug. -' A dispatch to the
Reuter Telegram Company from Parla
says numbers of French wounded have
arrived there. Many of them are
maimed, but few have really serious
wounds. The spirits of the men nre ex
cellent and many of them express a
desire to recover speedily In order to
return to the firing Hue.
PARIS, Aug. 27. The new Cabinet
for national defense met today and
decided to make a declaration to the
people of France, Parliament not be
ing In session. Premier Vlvlaul waa
writing the declaration and It was ex
pected he would submit it to his col
LONDON. Aug. 27 The legislature
of Barbadoes having voted an appro
priation of glOCOOO to the expenses of
righteous war being waged by the
mother country," the colonial govern
ment hns suggested that the gift would
be most appreciated In the form of
BURLINGTON HEAD NAMED
Hale Iiolden, Recently Practicing
Attorney,- Suceeds Darius Miller.
CHICAGO. Aug. 27. Hale Holden
was elected today president of the Chi
cago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad to
succeed the late Darius Miller.
Seven years ago Mr. Holden was a
practicing attorney in Kansas City,
when he was chosen to represent the
railroads in fighting the Minnesota rate
case. His brief attracted tho attention
of James J. Hill, and on July 1, 1907.
at the suggestion of Mr. Hill, Holden
became general attorney for the Bur
lington. In 1910 ha was made assistant
to the president, and in 191-' vice-president.
Mr. Holden w-as born in Kansas City
in 1869 and was graduated from Har
vard law school. He Is a resident of
KAISER IS CONGRATULATED
Austrian Emperor Exuberant Over
LONDON. Aug. 27. A German offi
cial wireless dispatch was received to
night by the Marconi Company. It
reads as follows:
"Emperor William has received the
following telegram from the Emperor
" "Victory after victory. God is with
you. He will be with us also. I must
sincerely congratulate you, dear friend:
also the young heroes, your dear sofl,
the Crown Prince, and the Prince Do
brecht, as well as the incomparably
brave German army. Words fail to
express what, moves me and with me
my army, in these days of world's
history. FRANCIS JOSEPH.' "
BOAT SCHEDULE RESUMED
Canadian Pacific Will Begin Kogu
lar Service October 13-
SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 27. The Can
adian Pacific will resume trans-Pacific
service on regular schedule October 15,
when the Empress of India will sail
from Vancouver for the Orient. The
Empress of Asia and Empress of Rus
sia are In the Orient, held by the Brit
ish government for transports.
The Harrison line steamers will be
gin regular service between the Pacific
Coast and England through the Pana
ma Canal the latter part of September,
making the voyage between Liverpool
and Seattle in 47 days.
WAR KILLS GRAND OPERA
Fourteen Members of Boston Com
pany Enlisted in Various Armies.
BOSTON. Aug. 27T" There probably
will be no grand opera here this Win
ter, according to a cablegram received
from Eben D. Jordan, managing di
rector of the Boston Opera Company,
Most of the singers are Europeans,
and at least 14 male members of the
company are known to have enlisted in
the armies of their native countries.
TO BERLIN RELATED
Plea Made for Belgium,
Says Ambassador. ,
TREATY ALREADY VIOLATED
Germans Declared Determined
on Quick, Hard Blow.
TIME CONSIDERED FIRST
Report Published by Foreign Office
Gives Version of Breach With
Germany When Ultimatum
LONDON. Aug. 27. The British
Foreign Office issued In the form' of a
white paper tonight the report of Sir
William Goeshen. the former Am
bassador at Berlin, on the rupture of
diplomatic relations with Germany.
The report is dated August 8, and
says that in accordance with instruc
tions of August 4 from Sir Edward
Grey, Secretary for Foreign Affairs, the
Ambassador called on the German sec
retary, Gottlieb Von Jagow. He In
quired whether Germany would re
frain from violating Belgian neutrality.
Neutrality Already Violated.
"Herr Von Jagow," the report con
tinues, "at once replied that he was
sorry to say his answer must be 'no,'
as the troops, having crossed the
frontier that moning, Belgian neutal
ity had been violated. Herr Von Jagow
again went into the reasons why the
Imperial government had been obliged
to take this step, namely, that they
had to advance into France by the
quickest and easiest way, so as to be
able to get well ahead with their
operations and endeavor to strike some
decisive blow as early as possible,
"It was a matter of life or death
for them, as if they had gone by the
more southern route, they could not
have hoped, in view of the paucity of
roads and the strength of the for
tresses, to have gone through without
formidable opposition, entailing great
loss of time.
Germans Rely on Rapidity.
"This loss of time would mean time
gained by the Russians for the bring
ing up of their troops to the German
frontier. Rapidity of action was the
great German asset, while that of Rus
sia was the inexhaustible supply of
"1 pointed out to Herr von Jagow
that this violation of the Belgian fron
tier rendered, as he would readily un
derstand, the situation exceedingly
(Concluded on Tase 4.)
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INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 73
degrees; minimum, M degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northwest winds.
British Ambassador's version of break with
Germany published. Page 1.
American warship ordered to Turkey with
gold for Americans. Page 1.
Fighting at Mulliausen declared bloodier
than in 1870. Page 1.
France countine heavily ou Russia. Page -.
House of Commons adopts address praising
Belgian heroism and promising support
to end. Page
War conditions continue to advance wheat
prices. Fase 3.
Several victories by Russians over Prus
sians are reported. Page 2.
Mllltarv fame of Nainur dates from 169-.
Wilson holds war exists between Japan
and Austria; Tokio uses milder term.
Jews may benefit if Germany wins war.
Japanese begin blockade of Kiau-Chau.
English government advised to keep on
"good side" of United States. Page S.
President Wilson expedlates anti-trust work
of Congress by not Insisting on railroad
legislation. Page 3.
Seasonal labor declared serious problem for
state. Page 5.
California Commissioner denies Southern Pa
cific needs to retrench. Page 5.
Beavers get Pitcher Eastley from Ballard
and are to drop two men next week.
Within two points of victory. Murray drops
match to Behr in National tennis play.
Coast League results: Portland 4, San Fran
cisco 0; Sacramento 3-0, Oakland i-J;
Venice 3, Los Angeles 3. Page 12.
Governor frees O. If. Jackson, alleged New
York swindler, and orders arrest of cap
tors, who flee. Page 7.
Southwest Washington Fair has banner day.
Two of "Seven Sisters" group refused ballot
by Washington court. Page 6.
Vancouver Fair boosters welcomed by crowds
on sweep ovpr state. Page 6.
Pasco's progress makes city throb. Page 8.
Commercial and Marine.
Increased demand for Coast hops forcing
prices upward. Page 17;
Eight-cent advance in Chicago wheat mar
ket fails to hold. Page 17.
Domestic manufacturing trade stimulated by
, w ar. Page 17.
Oregonlan to reach port opening inter-ocean
schedule. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Jos Knowles, nature man, holds education
falls if man cannot cope with all re
verses and live comfortably. Page 7.
Final ruling ousts H. W. Holmes from po
sition September l. i-age ii.
Drug user in Municipal Court blames United
States Army ior nis uowniau. rest
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13.
Requiem mass Is said for Pius X. Page 10.
Free trade hits lumber industry. Page 11.
Musical fete by Portland musicians wins at
Oaks. Page 7.
Charge that retailers are responsible for in
creasing prices draws quica ueniai.
WAR STOPS APPLE SALES
Northwest Crop to ; Jnto Cold
Storage at Eastern Marts.
SPOKANE, Wash., Aug. 27. (Spe
cial.) The vital bearing of the war
on the Northwest apple crop, necessi
tating the most conservative action by
rowers and creating the need for ex
tensive storage at Eastern markets,
was brought out forcibly In the meet
ing of the board of trustees of the
North Pacific Fruit Distributors, which
Estimates indicate that the crop
amounts to only 13,610 cars, more than
50 per cent of which is controlled by
PORTLAND MUSICIANS MOBILIZED AT THE OAKS
ORDERED TO TURKEY
Primary Mission Is to
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SALUTARY trrtfif IS DESIRED
Better Treatment of Foreign
ers Hoped For as Result.
WAR EXTENSION EXPECTED
Washington Advised Turkey Will
Strike When Russia Penetrates
East Prussia Other Balkan
States to Be Drawn In.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 27. The United
States has informed the powers of Eu
rope of its intention to send the ar
mored cruiser North Carolina to Turkey
to carry gold for the relief of Ameri
cans, according to an announcement to
day by the State Department.
While the North Carolina goes on a
mission of financial relief, her pres
ence In Turkish waters is intended to
have a salutary effect with respect to
the treatment of Christians and for
eigners generally resident In tne Ot
Precautionary Step Taken.
Before taking this step the United
States took precautions to sound the
powers of Europe as to whether they
would object to the sending of an
American warship to Turkey. In view
of the extreme tension which prevails
at Copenhagen and the probability that
Turkey soon will be drawn Into the
war, the American Government desired
to make plain that Its purpose in send
ing the ship is in no way political.
ffance took occasion in her reply to
the American Government's Inquiry in
cidentally to accuse Germany of trying
to stir up anti-Christian sentiment in
Turkey by provoking the Mussulmans
against the English and French. Dip
lomats and officials generally are ex
pecting a declaration of war 'y Turkey
on the allies.
Declaration of War Expected.
Reliable advices are to the effect
that just as soon as the big Russian
army has penetrated a considerable
distance into Eastern Prussia, Turkey
will strike. That both Bulgaria and
Roumanla will align themselves with
Turkey against Greece and the rest of
the Balkan states is also indicated by
authentic information reaching here.
European diplomats admit the situ
ation is daily approaching a crisis and
that a declaration of war Is imminent
Great Britain, France and Russia are
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Thursday's War Moves
LTHOUGH details were lacking,
the fact in the European war that
j dwarfed all others in public Interest
was the conflict on tho French border,
where it seemed as if the clash of the
great armies, if not actually In prog
ress at all points of the line, was im
minent The allies apparently are
fighting to block the road to Paris,
vllich on lts Part lB beln prepared
gainst the eventuality of siege. The
rench have stopped trying: to kuIu
jrnnnit in Akucn wlilh hns irivpli
ground in Alsace, which has given
more troops for defensive operations
and has set the veteran strategist.
General Pan, free for more important
The French and British armies on a
battle line 250 miles across are still
strenuously opposing the advance of
the German forces across the French
frontier. The British troops are re
ported to be occupying a strong posi
tion and are supported by the French
on both flanks.
The Germans have occupied the
French cities of Lille, Valenciennes and
Roubaix, but in the face of all this,
the official report from the War Office
described hopefully, from the viewpoint
of the allies, operations to the east.
Apparently the French troops In the
Vosges district have resumed the offen
sive, and have forced the Germans to
retire on the Saint Die side.
On the eastern frontier of Germany
and the northern frontier of Austria
Russian sources of information re
ported that the Crar's army was pro
ceeding with "Irresistible force," al
though a Berlin dispatch declares
Austrlans won a victory at Krasnlk,
in Russian Poland, where It is said
the defeated Russian force numbered
200.000, -or four or five a?my corps.
In East Prussia, however, the capture
of Tilsit was announced by St. Peters
burg. Tilsit is only 60 miles from
Koenlgsberg. One writer describes the
war situation as a hammer and anvil
affair. Just now the allies are the
anvil. They are trying to hold the
Germans solidly in the west, while the
Russians strike with great weight
from the east. Russia is believed to
have added to her mobilized strength,
making up for early delays caused by
lack of transportation, and she Is
counted on to accomplish her part by
putting an overwhelming army In the
The report of the former British Am
bassador to Berlin on tho scenes at
tending the final rupture with Germany
was published yesterday by the British
Foreign Office. The Ambassador. Sir
William Goshen, declares tha. he con
veyed the protest of Great Britain
against the violation of the neutrality
of Belgium, to protect which, he de
dares, he reminded the German Secre
tary, both Germany and Great Britain
stood equally committed. An Inter
view with the Imperial Chancellor. Dr.
von Bbthmann-Hollweg, is described In
detail, and Dr. von Bethmann-Hullweg
Is quoted as saying that "Just for a
word neutrality which in war had so
often been disregarded." It was terrible
to a degree that England should make
war on a kindred nation that desired
nothing better than to be friends.
The Ambassador tells of the stoning
of the embassy at Berlin, but says the
German officials proffered due apolo
gies, and ho speaks highly of the
courtesy shown by the Foreign Office
and the efforts made to obtain safe
conduct for the British staff from tho
The United States has ordered the
cruiser North Carolina to Turkey, both
to carry gold to stranded Americans
and for the salutary effect this move
may have in procuring respect for
Americans and foreigners generally In
that country. The powers were first
consulted by the United States to avoid
misunderstanding. It is regarded in
Washington as virtually certain that
Turkey will declare war when the Rus
sians have penetrated East Prussia, and
that this will be followed by similar
declarations by Bulgaria and Roumanla
on the- same side as Turkey and by
Greece against her.
In Oriental waters, the Japanese
began the bombardment of the conces
sion of Kiau-Chau. by firing on an
unoccupied island. It is said the Japa-
uese are experiencing difficulty In their
land operations, owing to muddy roads
following recent rains, and that the
investment of the German possession
may require several days.
Whether Austria and Japan are at
war was settled yesterday, so far as
the United States is concerned, by
I'resident Wilson's action in issuing
declaration of neutrality. This was In
spite cf the fact that, so far as Wash
ington knows, there has been no formal
declaration of war on either side, and
Tokio describes the situation as merely
a rupture of diplomatic relations, not
a state of war. President Wilson bases
his attitude on Austria's Instructions
to the crew of its war vessel In eastern
waters to join with the Germans in
the defense of Kiau-Chau.
SALMON CATCHES ARE BIG
Trollers OTf Astoria Average 300
Pounds to Bout.
ASTORIA. Or.. Aug. 27. (Special.)
Fully 30 boats were outside the mouth
of the river yesterday trolling for sal
mon and all did well. The avemge
catch is reported to be about COO
pounds to the boat and comprised chl
nooks, sllversides and sockeyes. Tho
fish appear to be waiting outside in
vast schools and probably will not en
ter the river In any considerable quan
tities until after the first good rain.
As the demand for canned salmon
Is strong and Increasing, quite a num
ber of the canning plants will operate
during the Fall season, which will
open September 10.
Cable Bulcs Modified.
NEW YORK. Aug. 27 Acting on
advices from Paris, the French Cable
Company announced today that mes
sages for Switzerland may now be writ
ten in English as well as in French and
that messages addressed to points In
Sweden must not contain information
concerning military matters of any
DEADLY THAN 1870
Havoc Wrought by Mod
ern Guns Terrible
UNIVERSAL BRAVERY AMAZES
War 44 Years Ago Child's
Play Compared With Now.
GORY RELICS EVERYWHERE
Common (,ine Outside Our Village
Contulns Bodies of Both Trench
and Germiin Solller, Bur I
In Their Vnlforin.
LONDON. Aug. 27 The Standard'
correspondent at Kasll. under date of
August 19, gives the following descrip
tion of what he has observed In South
ern Alsace, where the French and Ger
mans have been fighting vlgoroutly
for the last ten days:
"I have just returned from an In
spection of the scene of the recent
fighting between the French and Ger
man armies In the southern districts
of Alsace. The dispatches from Parii
and Bedlin all describe the engage
ments that have taken place between
the French frontier ami Muelhsunen
as Insignificant encounters between
advance guards. If this be true In a
military sense, and the preliminaries
of war produce the terrible results
that 1 have Just witnessed, then the
disastrous effects o fthe entire wai
Itself will exceed the posnlbllltles of
Alied and t'klldren Work Fields.
"I started out equipped with Identifi
cation papers as a Swiss citlsen. and
was accompanied by four other Hwlss,
all of us mounted on bicycles. At th
outset of our expedition the sight of
the peasants, men and women, work
ing unconcernedly in the fields, gath
ering the hurvest. struck me a unnat
urally strange. The men wen well
advanced In life, and everywhere we
saw women, from girls to uged and In
firm grandmothers, working side by
side with these old men and the little
"The first sign of the war lhal
caught our attention was tlis demol
ished home of u Roman Catholic priest
In a vllluge neur Kanabach.
"This priest had lived there tor
many years, and wa. ing;iKii In III
urury pursuits and religious work. On
the outbreak of the wur the Uermati
authorities Jumped ul the coiwiusluti
that the old priest was a French se
cret agent, and that he had been send
ing regularly to Helfort Informs tlon
concerning the Germun military move
ments and the preparations fur de
fending Alsace against a French in
vasion. They declared that he hsd
often used carrier pigeons us a me:int
of communication in this work.
Priest Is Shot as Spy.
The Alsatian residents declared that
these accusations were unjust, but last
week a military party raided the
priest's house, dragffed him from his
study, stood him up against his own
garden wall and shot him down sum
marily as a traitor and a sp) .
"Then tbe whole house was searched
from top to bottom, and numerous
books and papers removed from It,
whereupon the building was set alirn
and destroyed with dynamite. The
priest hlmsel wa buried, cofTlnless, at
the end of his cherished little garden
plot, where some of his grieving par
ishioners since have plated ii rough
wooden cross tu mark his mound.
"On our next stop, at a Mttle vlllngr,
we were told that It had been suc
cessively occupied by the French and
the Germans, and had been tho scene
of much stiff infantry fighting. Every
day, in tht broiling sun, we were told,
the opposing forces fuught for 10 or 12
Wonnrird Hide In Fields.
"A lltllo farther we came to where
a number of German soldiers were
beating about in the standing crops In
the fields, on both sides of the main
road. They were searching for their
dead and wounded, and told us that a
number of their wounded hud crawltd
In among the high corn to escape being
trodden down by the troops that were
marching along the road, and to gain
some shelter from the pitiless sun.
"On the outskirts of another large
village we were - shown a garden
bounded by a thick hedge behind whirh
a company of French Infantry had
taken a stand against the advancms
German troops. Among tho cruhd
and trodden flowers there were still
lying many fragments of French equip
ment, such as two French soldiers' caps,
stained with blood; three torn French
tunics, likewise dyed red. The wal'
of a cottage bore the marks of rllle
bullets and its roof had been partially
"Passing throuch other villages we
saw on all sides terrible signs of tho
devastation of war; houses burned d"
the uncut corn trodden down and ren
dered useless, gardens trampled unjer
foot and everywhere distress.
Nations llnp;le In t'nmsnon i.rmf,
"At a small village, locally known nt
Napoleon's Island, we found the rail
way station demolished and a line of
trucks which the French had uaed a
a barricade. These trucks were almost
shot to pieces and many were stained
with blood. Outside the station the
roof of a small restaurant had been
(Concluded on t'ags n