Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1914)
TTTE MORXIXG OREGONIAN. THURSDAY, 16. 1914.
mibti vn OREGOX
Entered at Portland. Oregon, Foetofttee ea
fcecond-class luiur. , . .
subscription Kate Invariably lavAdTanea.
pally, Snnday Included, ona rear
Daily. Sunday Included, ill months .. -
Dai.y. Sunday Included, inrea months..
Iiaiir. fiunaay Included, one montn ... -1?
Uai:jr. without bunu.jr. on year y-yy
Kai:. without Sunday. ala months ...
Isi:y. without bunday. three months.. l-ij
Uaiiy. without bunday. one montn ....
Weekly, one year .......-
fcunoay. one year .
bunaay and Weekly, one year
Dally. Sunday Included, one year 9'?
&ai:y. bunday Included, on montn - - - '
How o Kemil Send Postofllce money oi
der, express order or peraonal check on your
local bank, biampa. coin or currency '
sender's rials. Ulve poatoffica addreaa In lull.
Including county and atate. ' .
1'oktage Kates 12 to 1 pages. 1 cent, is
to 1 pses. i centa; a to IK PM. ""J".
to to k pagea, cents; Z to .
cents: 7S to pagea, centa. Foreign post
age, double rateg. . w
4atern Business Offices Verree Cons.
lln. Me talk. brunawlcK building. -ni-cago,
Steger building. Co
pan Krancbre OHice R. J. Bldwell
Tel Market street.
FOBTI-IND, THURSDAY, eTLXX 1. W1
Eleven months ago the United
States demanded that Vlctonano
. Huerta resign as provisional Pretsi-
dent of Mexico. We had previously
refused to recognize him. Now he
has resigned. But the moving cause
has not been any fireless ultimatum
from President .Wilson or Secretary
Bryan. He has yielded only to the
4nracinv nrMxiira of domestic revo
lution, lie flees before the victorious
rebels. He has lost his long ngni
against foes within who have been
aided and abetted by foes without.
" Now Carranza and Villa and the other
rebel chieftains are to be responsible
for Mexico. The future Is not
It Is to be presumed that American
troops and American ships will soon
be withdrawn from Vera Cruz. We
ehall then have emerged without glory
from a futile war which we began.
We have not conquered nor pacified
Mexico. We have done nothing
through mediation except to retreat
from a position of belligerency which
we bravely assumed and weakly
We demand an apology and a sa
lute from Mexica and we get no sa
lute, and we appeal to arms because
the apology Is not enough.
We incur large expense in moving
cur forces to Vera Cruz and we tell
the world that we shall seek no re
prisals and shall demand no repara
tion for the heavy damage done
We view without concern the mur
der of Americans in Mexico and the
expulsion of other Americans from
Mexico, and we calmly notify the sur
viving Americans, that we can- and
will do nothing for them, and that
their best course is to leave their
homes to the despillers, "d run.
We put an embargo on arms to
Mexico; then we take it off; then we
put it on again; and we wink at every
evasion that promises to involve us in
trouble about its enforcement, or that
appears to be of service to the rebels.
We assure the nations in one breath
that we are not at war with Mexico,
but with Huerta, and In another
breath we say that we are engaged in
a "war of service" for Mexico; yet we
appeal to three South American re
publics to help us out of the conse
quences of a war into which we have
Inevitably drifted through our spine
We sacrifice seventeen lives of brave
young Americans at Vera Cruz and
then are utterly at a loss to know why.
we did it. or what to do with a victory
thus dearly won.
We loudly demand an accounting
for the murder of a single English--man,
Benton, and insist on the deliv
ery of his body, and we promptly for
get It when neither, is forthcoming:
but we can find nothing to stir our
resentment or Insure our protection
when an American is slain by Mexi
can soldiers or Mexican bandits. All
we can do Is to deny vainly that any
one has been hurt.
We are rebuked and scorned in turn
by every prominent Mexican from
Huerta to Carranza. except Villa, hero
of a thousand murders. Tet we per
mit our entire Mexican policy to be
controlled by the single fact that
we believe we do not know that
HueTta committed one murder.
Now. because someone else has ap
parently ended the conflict with
Huerta which we provoked, we shall
strike our flag and abandon Mexico.
But what next? It cannot be imag
ined, of course, that there is to he
stable government In Mexico under
Carranza and his quarreling Generals.
CONGRESS CROWS RESTIVE.
Completion of President Wilson's
legislative programme at this session
of Congress is endangered by his In
ability to keep the individual mem
bers In Washington. Congress re
mains formally in session and does
business, but many members absent
themselves, sometimes obtaining leave
on the plea of "urgent private busi
ness." This business usually has to
do with renomination and re-election.
Severul motions have been made In
the House to Tlx a day for final ad
journment, but have been snuffed out
bv the leaders, and the pleas of the
homesick are met with such a pledge
as that given by twelve of the Demo
cratic members from Missouri that
they would remain as long as neces
sary to complete the programme.
That Is all very well as to the
House, for Its committees have about
finished their work and the House
can grind away on the rest of the ap
propriation bills, but It Is not so with
the Senate. That leisurely body can
not .be held down to a strict pro
gramme prepared by the rules com
mittee, but goes its own way. It Is
debating the Trade Commission bill,
but Senators refuse to discuss one
phase of the trust question until they
know what the Democratic leaders
propose to do with other phases, -and
the latter are not ready to tell. The
reason Is that committees have not
finished them, and ono committee Is
Inactive because several of its mem
bers are absent. Here, too, there is
urgent business at home, for In these
flays of direct election Senators have
fences to look after. If all three of
the anti-trust bills are to bs passed at
this session, an emergency call must
be sent to absent Senators and
speeches must be curtailed In a most
. unsenatorial manner.
All this goes to show that Congress
men, like other officeholders, spend
about one-half of their time In doing
their work and - the other half In
holding their Jobs. The President's
Insistence on so much legislation has
caused them to encroach on the sec
end half of their time, and some of
them are kept scurrying to 'and fro
between "Washington and their homes,
trying to do both things at the same
Perhaps this explains why the Sen
ata hniiii nut for 20 cents mileage, fo
traveling: costs money now that passes
MORS 8ERVICB FOR MANKIND.'
Industrial stagnation, they say.
worldwide. To be sure it Is. But
that disagreeable fact does not Justify
the United States In letting down the
tariff bars to the distressed nations
that are persistently seeking and get
ting new markets for their wares.
Tet that Is what President Wilson has
done, i ' .
In the eight months fallowing Oc
tober 3, 1913, under the new tariff,
w hnurht abroad S54.852.086 more
in E-nnrls than in the same eight
months of the previous year. e soia
tl4S.424.002 less. Here was a cnange
In the balance of trade against us of
$200,000,000 In two-thirds or one
nnrine A nrll 1914. there were such
increases In imports of manufactured
oifpUa am tha f rtllnwin er:
Automobile parta aJ?
Cotton clothe Jj?
bavQ ltt.B ,i in.i
Other knit goods
Leather and tanned skins ......
Woolen cloths ..................
Dress goods ...............
Wparlntf aDDarel ...........
. . 31
Other wool Imports -33
Buying more and more abroad, and
selling less both at home and abroad,
is the Democratic Administration's
contribution to the empty dinner-pall.
A STRIKE 6HOCIJ BE FORBIDDEN.
The dispute between the Western
railroads and their errrtloyes should
not hn nermitted to end in a strike.
The public, for whose service the rail
miH, .list has rights in the matter
superior to those of either the com
panies or their employes, it nas tne
right to uninterrupted operation of
t h a rn i 1 roa da. Throueh Congress it
has provided means for the fair ad
justment of all disputes without In
terruption of traffic. If either party
tn th controversy refuses to accept
those means, a way should be found
to compel them or at least to prevent
them from demoralizing business by
a suspension of traffic in a large sec
tion of the country.
After a lone? Deriod of harrowing
depression the country is beginning
fool the vivifvinsr Influence of
abundant crops, and the railroads,
after a period of shrunken earnings,
are ready to enjoy an increase of
tf-fiv That the bullheaaea oosti-
nacy of any set of men should be per
mitted to blight this bright prospect
Is not to be tolerated.
SER AMERICA FIRST,
prt vffar manv thousands of visit
ors from the Eastern states will come
to the Pacific Coast. Their prime
nnrnnM fit course, will be to see the
San Francisco exhibition, but .they
will have other objects, one oi tnem
will be to go through the Panama
Canal. It Is very likely true of ninety
nine Easterners out of every hundred
ti-hn think of maklnsr the trip to the
Coast that they plan to see the canal
either coming or going. The Spring
field Republican is-or tne opinion
ihif hov min-ht better leave the canal
for some other time and arrange to
see more of the sights or tne ureai
r.ont tnr Its hlemess. the Panama
Canal' Is a good deal like any other
work of the same nature and a sea
vnva Is ant to be monotonous, iviahe
the best you can of it, the time is
vacuous. But for tne traveler who
mmpt to the Coast by one railroad
and returns by another there will be
. . - t a, rru
constant variety ana interest. j.uj
annflcrj to be seen are meraiiy
countless. The great plains are in
themselves marvelous to the Eastern
er whose outlook has always been cut
off by tall buildings or Intrusive
tvi ninina have the limitless non-
without its weari
some sameness. The transcontinental
railroads follow for the most part nis
toric trails and their courses are en
livened with the memories of roman
tic episodes. It Is almost impossible
. cuv. th rnaat without traversing
ground sown thickly with old-time
adventures, all of which make travel
interesting If one takes tne pains to
iorn nhnnt them. The Oregon trail.
the Santa Fe trail and the route of
Lewis and Clark, are now an parai
i,i,t w miirnnrls. and the judicious
sightseer, as the Republican suggests.
will get the most sausiacuon tur i"
pains If he takes one of them on the
way to the Coast and another re
turning. ThA Southern route Is at Its Dest in
tA out-iv nart of the season before
the heat has grown exhausting and
while the vegetation is sun iresn ana
e-roen Later on it is better to choose
a route farther north. Once a per
son has reached the mountain re
gion on his westward way the ob
jects of interest are bewilderingly
numerous. There are snow-cappea
mountains, glaciers and lakes which
Switzerland in beauty
and grandeur. From the Puget Sound
country all the way to eaiiioriiia.
snow mountains are In sight, often
half a dozen at the same time, -xne
trin im the Columbia River to The
rioiuo is mnrA rharmin?. as far as
scenery "Is concerned, than a day on
the Rhine. Nor is nistoric interest
lacking if one takes the trounie to
ritar-over it. The Rhine has its baron
ial castles. The Columbia has its In
dian lore which is not less tnrnnng.
In Eastern Oregon there are the wild
o-coa nf th Deschutes River, the
snow peaks of the Cascades and the
unique Crater Lake. rnese natural
wonders are almost as accessible as
the sights of Switzerland. , Many of
them can be visited comfortably by
n,.tnnnhiiA TCnr are the expenses as
forbidding as' many persons Imagine.
The advice to "see America tiroL woo
fimarb nnntprerl with the answer
that the price was prohibitory, to say
nothing of rough roaas ana iiuaiiaujc
ThA Tt AniihHran mentions a round-
trip rate from Springfield to the Coast
and back of $171. The traveler would
nnniA hv- the Santa Fe route ana re
turn over the Canadian Pacific witn
stopovers at all the interesting points
like the Grand Canyon, the Tosemlte
and Crater Lake. Of course, visits to
these places would cause some aaai
tional expense, but the money would
hp wen laid out. The country roads
over 'which the traveler must go to
visit many scenic marveis cannot com
ner wWh fhnsfl In Europe, but on the
other hand they are far better than
the rough-and-ready highways oi
Dloneer days and they are rapidly
an nniieh th coast oountrv lo
cal authorities are eagerly building
roads In anticipation of the Exposi
tion travel, and much of the work is
skillfully engineered. Upon the whole
the roads of Oregon are probably as
good as those of the ordinary Eastern
rural districts. - The best Eastern
roads are a great deal better than our
best. The average Is about the same
As for our hotels, they are far ahead
of the roads.
The Republican mentions El Tovar
at the Grand Canyon as a model of
beauty and luxury. Oregon has prob
ably no such superb hotel for tour
ists exclusively, unless it be the White
Pelican at Klamath Falls, but in ev
ery considerable town there is now at
least one which is clean and comfort
able, w-ith prices not excessively high.
The old-time excuses which once
eased American consciences when
their own country was slighted for
Europe no longer hold good.
PROTECTED BY PltOVTDENCK.
m . ....nmnhlTAO ..nllfrlofl X'A.tTPrdaV
X V j
at a street intersection on the East
Side, and several people were hurt.
One automobile was going iweniy-uvu
mils, nor hour. Tt is daneerous speed
at a crossing, unless the approaches
from all directions are ciear.
-'There are more than 5000 automo
biles in Portland, and there are prob
ably 10,000 paved street intersections.
It is a safe calculation mat tne num
ber of street-corner transits by auto
mobiles in a single day in this city
is 100,000. The chances of accident,
if a car approaches a street corner at
hiirh sneed. are enormous.. Why any
driver should risk his life, and the
lives of his passengers, by advancing
upon a blind corner at great speed is
nnt tn ho A-rnlatned. Tet It Is done
many times daily in Portland and in
every other city.
The wonder Is that collisions are
not more numerous. The reason must
be that Providence Is kind.
WHEN WATER GRADE Vt'H-L TRIUMPH.
Tpau hnmnlnnshlDS in the art of
refutine that-which has never been
said or argued come and go. Some?
times the title rests in Medtora, again
In Pendleton and occasionally in As
toria. Just now the Astoria Budget
holds the heavyweight honors.
Tn dlseussine the Astoria rate case
theBudget charges that Thev Orego
n's n "endeavored to show wny As
toria's claim should . not be recog
nicii that The Oreconian "quoted
some engineer as saying it would cost
more to haul a train down tne water
level grade to Astoria than over the
mountains from the Inland Empire to
the Sound,'.' and that The Oregonian
would lead people to believe that the
nrinMnni reason why Astoria's claim
should not be granted Is that Port
land would demand a differential and
thus obtain an advantage over Seattle.
an nf this la untrue ana tor mat
reason it is wholly unnecessary to re
print the learned arguments the
Budget offers In opposition or reprint
its calm and lucid exposure of "the
bunch that rules the political, com
mercial, financial and industrial des
tiny" of Portland.
What The Oregonian published was
a review of some or tne eviuenue m
the Astoria case accompanied by spec
ulation of its own as to the effect on
Portland in event of Astoria's success
tr. thA .. it has Instituted. The Ore-
gonian's conclusion was that Portland
stood to lose a little or gain a great
haoI rionenrHnr on whether Portland
could, n the basis of the new Astoria
rate, obtain a lower rate than -uget
nut Th flreironlan has sufficient
confidence in the Interstate Commerce
Commission to believe that if the
rnmmissinn finds that existing rates
to Astoria are unreasonable or dis
criminatory it will order their correc
tion regardless of how Portland or
the Portland press feels about it.
For that reason The Oregonian minus
that it hn the same privilege of tell
ing Its readers what it believes might
result to -the detriment of Portland
as-the Budget has to tell its readers
what ' great advantages mignt uccme
ThA teatlmnnv of the engineer re-
fAt-t-ori tn in doubtless that of one of
the railroads' experts who, merely to
show that tne Astoria experts imu
used an obsolete and Inaccurate for
mula, for determining the cost-or nuui.
used the same formula and produced
m absurd result one wnicn appur
tly indicated that the cost of haul
ing a train over a water graae was
greater than over a mountain graae.
The Oregonian distinctly said, in
words so plain that a child could un
derstand them, that, the railroads did
not rely on these figures -and that it
was a matter of common knowledge
that the same train could be hauled- at
lower cost over a water grade man
over a mountain grade.
If the decision by the Interstate
Commerce Commission accords with
the strict letter of Astoria's applica
tion. Astoria will have the same rates
as Puget Sound. It will follow almost
without question that Portland will
then have acquired a basis on which
to demand and obtain lower ratea
thor. either Puaret Sound or Astdria.
Portland has 'every reason to hope
that the decision may be so worded,
ut hope and expectation are not one
and the same. '
The outcome of such an order is
obvious. If the . northern railroads
theiT- ritM to Pueet Sound the
same as the new rate to Portland,
they would automatically reduce as-
LUl l t ,a.w - -
rate lenvtna- the relative posi
i -.otA anil in turn reauce rort-
tions of the several ports the same.
Portland would, 4hus having an un
assailable lower rate than any rival,
ultimately get all the traffic from
But this possioie result, it is ic-
nnnh e to HltDDOae. Will De consmereu
by the Commission. Volume of traf
fic affects the cost or nauu, xne
mountainous railroad with a heavy
traffic may find its cost of oper
ation per average train lower than
the water-grade road with light traf
fic. JuSt now -the mountainous
northern railroads have a greater
volume of traffic than the water
grade Columbia Valley roads. A low
er rate on the latter wouia oouuiicm
Increase the traffic of the water-
A-roA emit to the further loss or tne
northern railroads. The ability of the
water-graae roaas to reuueo mi
ent of profits would
Increase progressively, while the abil
ity of the northern railroads to han
dle traffic at tne rates now in iur
would diminish progressively. ine
potential effects of th Astoria rate
on traffic and raliroaa securities anu
upon the prosperity or localities are
enormous. It is likely that not oniy
the earning power or me norinem
..timaiiQ hut the Drobable results to
shippers who do not have access to
the water-graae raiiroa.u, ww u -""-sidered.
by the Commission.
Two elements now prevent oom
Astoria and Portland from' acquiring
the full benefits of the water grade.
One Is the existing method of fixing
railroad rates which takes small or
no account or me cost oi nam
the other is lack of water competition.
We think water competition is nearer
than is reformation of rate-making.
What the Interstate Commerce Com
mission may seek to avoid in making
rate orders, the opening of the Celll
canal and- the encouragement of river
transportation . will forcibly accom
plish. The Oregonian expects to see
the day when both Astoria and Port
land shall have lower rates than Puget
Sound, at least on grain and other
bulky freight. I
If Astoria obtains terminal rates it
is altogether probable that the Com
mission will see to it that the order
puts Portland on the same plane as
Astoria and Puget Sound. As here
tofore observed, what Is Astoria's gain
will then be Portland's loss, for As
toria will get no new business except
that which otherwise would have been
Portland's. The last Is a plain state
ment of fact, not an argument against"
The boy under arrest for setting his
bulldog on cats is guilty of a "hu
mane" crime, to be sure. Tet who
shall Judge him and prescribe punish
ment?" Breathes there a man who
has not In the days of his boyhood
"sicked" his dog (for all boys at some
stage own a dog) at a feline and en-
Joyed the ' hunted animal'., apparent
discomfiture? The word "apparent
is used advisedly, for the cat always
seeks refuge in tree or on post, going
Just high enough to be out of reach,
where it can spit defiance. There is
no torture in it. Observation shows
the animal has great engineering
ability. It does not, like the man a
lap or two ahead of a bear, climb to
the top or the end of a limb. Not sO
the cat. Just out of reach is as good
as a mile, and there it worries the
pursuer until he slinks away beaten.
No,' to chase a cat is not criminal, ft
may be wicked, from point of view
of the boy's mother; but that Is be
cause she never was a boy and "never
had no fun," until perhaps the family
cat devoured the canary and she saw
the light. Besides, what are cats,
Many precious old-time truths are
fading one by one In the glare of sci
entific experiment. Just yesterday
another perished. It was expressed
in the answer to the conundrum.
'Why is a cow like an elephant?"
The solution was "'Because neither of
them can climb a tree," but while
trusting millions have accepted this as
true for centuries. It must now be
abandoned ' because it has been dis
covered in San Francisco that a cow
can climb a tree, or at least a bull can
climb a flight of stairs, which comes
to the-same thing. The animal as
cended . to the upper flats and drove
the lnro,ates wild with terror.
Mrs. Jean Vlissengen, a great sup
porter of the beautiful art of danc
ing, maintains that "the feet are Just
as expressive as the hands." They
can certainly express some things
which the hands cannot. A kick, for
example, carries contempt with it,
while a blow with the fist is an ad
mission of manly equality in Its re
cipient. The beauty of the foot is "an
old theme in literature. It was sung
In Bible times and not neglected "In
Trilby. But never before has the
foot been made such a minister or joy
as it Is by our Intellectual dancers of
the tango and turkey trot. ' '
The Dayton man who Is ambitious
to breed moles for a living should
prepare for stormy times before he
begins. If hl3 neighbors do not lynch
him, it will be because their hearts
are softened by a miracle. Moles are
a terrible pest to farmers. Scientists
say they eat nothing valuable them
selves, but merely make underground
paths in which mice destructively
follow them. In other words, they
open the door"to the burglar. As far
as we can ee, they might as well be
burglars themselves. In some sec
tions moles make it almost Impossible
for dairymen to grow corn.
When the producer Is not being
swindled by a bogus commission man,
he Is victimized by a rascally cream
ery man. The very nature of the
farmer's life, hedged as he is by lack
of opportunity to learn , of the wiles
pf the fraud and faker, makes' him
easy prey. A preventive remedy Is to
read a daily newspaper, in which
fraud is exposed, and another is ces
sation of trusting every glib-tongued
A contemporary asks In melan
choly tone, "Why did Morgan do it?"
That Is, why did he go on robbing the
New Haven when he had so many
millions salted down already? Why
does a drunkard already full to the
brim go on drinking? Why does a
gambler stake his wife's wedding
ring? Why did Napoleon go on fight
ing after Moscow? ' They have the
habit. That Is the long and snort or it.
Tk to rnmnrui thnt the delav in ren
dering the rate decision Is duetto the
fact that the Interstate Commerce
fnmmisRinn i divided, standing four
for the advance and tnree against.
The Supreme Court has been able to
render decisions by a majority of one;
why cannot the Commission? Why
this agony of suspense? .
Mr. Williams . . . says . he cannot
he situation In Albania as
Lhe would like under the restraint imposed
by his diplomatic position. oecreiary oi
In view of what he said when un
der that restraint, all Europe must
tremble at the thought of what he
might haveeaid when free from It.
Automoblllsts must expect collisions
at intersections Just as long as they
slow down to fifteen miles," which Is
Interpreted to mean any rate under
forty miles an hour.
The trades and professions are well
represented in the Oregon Peniten
tiary, the latest acquisition being a
Portland lawyer who delivered him
self at the gate.
"T.nrtv" Snrh.rs differ from the
dusky artist of the male persuasion in
that they do not use tne razzer m
settling their troubles.
T 1 nntlnn Rfl Interpreted by
Judge Jones, means that a ".dry" pre
cinct cannot be sprinklea rrom tne
Tt ViaIi nnvfl awrv Portland fan to
go out to the game and yell, yell, yell.
Mount Lassen has a. good stoker or
a better press agent.
Let Portland go over and show
"Beat It, Huerta!"
OPIKIOX DUE TO OBSERVATION.
Fitness of Teachers for Inatroctlng; la
Sex Hygiene Carefully sounaeu.
PORTLAND, July, 14. (To the Ed
itor.) The mother who signs herself
Ex-Teacher is mistaken if she thinks
I have not observed for myself what
the attitude of many women on the
teaching staff in ur public schools Is
with regard to sex hygiene. I have
talked directly with a good many. Most
of them, knowlnjr me to 'be a profes
sional nurse, were quite frank In their
avowals. Some of them, to their praise
be it said, took a sane, wholesome and
natural view of sexual subjects. A ma
jority regarded the whole question a
bordering on the "nasty," the "beast
ly" or the "obscene."
This attitude, I still maintain, is
characteristic of a certain type of mind
which prolonged splnsterhood tends to
accentuate. An unfortunate sexual ex
perience may produce the same marked
psychosis. Of course, this sort of
phobia Is not by any means confined
to public schoolteachers, but-, there Is
probably a higher percentage of this
elusive but none the less morbid state
of mind among teachers than among
the members of any other occupation
The explanation for this is quite defi
nite, but it would take too long to de
tail It here. Let those who have the
requisite ourloslty and alertness of mind
which is the basis of all education
by one's self or others dig Into the
Freudian psychology and find the solu
tion for themselves.
What passes as "sex hygiene" with
some persons, including- many so-called
educators, is often only a bogus ;-ach-ing
consisting of a, few general admo
nitions based on an ascetic view of
life, supplemented by a little physiol
ogy, very much second-hand. Even this
little. If accurate, will do for a begin
ning. But many "sex hyglenists" think
they have covered the whole field after
imparting a little smattering- of sur
face knowledge. They forget that they
have made only a start, and that the
knowledge necessary for the pubes
cent and adolescent may not be at all
adequate for the mature. I mean
those who have reached sexual ma
turity, which not Infrequently ante
dates legal maturity. Yet these crude
dogmatists do not hesitate to lay down
formal and inflexible rules for all
alike, forgetting that each individual
i a class by himself.
They also . overlook the Immense
complexity of the subject. How com
plicated sex-psychology Is has been
made comprehensible to us in English
only within the past 10 or 12 years
with the -completion of the publication
of the six-volume work by Havelock
Ellis. In that work the author studi
ously avoids dogmatism. He main
tains the detached scientific attitude
throughout, and Is satisfied if he gets
no further than merely stating a prob
lem correctly in itself an achievement
in so complicated a matter.
Perhaps a sweetly wholesome and in
telligent unmarried teacher can teach
elementary sex-hygiene. In fact, I do
not doubt it for a minute. But there
Is much more needed for the good of
humanity than elementary knowledge.
Qualification to teach the facts regard
ing the more intimate things of the
sexual relations facts of the most vi
tal importance includes a wider and
deeper Insight and experience than the
unmarried teacher generally has. It
is doubtful if a celibate of either sex
wpuld really be qualified.
The subject requires not only special
training and knowledge, but also a
Bubtle sympathy for the task that can
be tound only In persons whose own
experience has been happy and satis
fying. The victims of a sorrow-producing
experience of whom there are
many among the married and unmar
ried alike speaking with ill-founded as
surance on the subject would not an
swer at all. None but those who have
mot only knowledge and capacity but
In addition a joyful, sweetening and
enriching personal experience; In short.
who have found happiness In love,
ought to be considered competent to
teach so tremendously Important a sub
ject ' as sex-hygiene, in the broadest
meaning of the term.
I wonder' how many among her ac
quaintances could Ex-Teacher find to
meet the qualifications.
(MISS) M. M.
Miss Myrtle Moffatt, former special
drawing teacher in the schools, writes
to The Oregonian that she has been
suspected by many of writing" the let
ter on sex hygiene instruction, pub
lished In The- Oregonian July 11 and
signed "Miss M. M." Miss Moffett avers
that she does not Indorse the senti
ments expressed therein.
The Oregonian has been supplied
with the name and address- of the
"Miss M. M." who is author of the let.
ter published July 11 and of the one
printed today. The rOregonlan corrob
orates Miss Moffett's statement that
she Is not "Miss M. M." It may also
be said. In Justice to the author of the
letters, that she has signed her true
Wrong Paper Given Credit
T. V. nllA..rtnw AVtat fmm IHIA tif
the up-state newspapers was published
in The Oregonian July 10 and errone
ously credited to the Eugene Guard:
nTi.k.nkA 1- una randldata
ir. james w mj..vi. .
whd Is in a position to La envied. He has
behind him the full strength of the reunited
party, and ne nas me . 7 VuZ.
and support of all h'.s late opponents In the
nn mnra KTHIll
primary election. nicie "
. . . . . . . i .....d, that have
to De nvomea euu 11 "
. . . j Ti. I. ...... v admit-
not yet neaiea over. e . 6
ted to be an estimable gentleman and a man
. .i !.. rih thA Yl erifl OI
wno is iuity ,4. ui. ... ---- r j
the state, lie is caim anu .. - .
headed qualities In a chief executive that
the state stands In special need of just now
His opponent Is in no such enviable po-
... . . . . -1 v. Ht.,.n, An.
Sltlon. HIS party i mi --.
and many of the men who would normally
be oountea as nis upiii
revolt against him. The rivalries of the prl-
v . . - i. . -n ...ri..1 av and
mary campaign 11 " 1 " u ' : " " - ,
will be strongly apparent at the November
election. Personally, Dr. Smith is doubtless
an amiable and pleasant gentleman, but he
. . i . i - ,u. n.rtnnii
ts namperea in mi ,' "
choice of a Governor who has specialized
in three-ring circus methods of government.
There is cenamiy e.cii
that this Is a Republican year in Oregon.
Mr. E. J. Finneran, editor of the
Guard, says: "The editorial in ques
tion does not express the sentiment
of the Guard on tne guDcnunoudi
lection, nor its feelings toward either
of the candidates mentioned," and that
it certainly never appeared in the
The Kind Irvin S. Cobb.
Doran's Literary Notes.
' A tr.mn vecentlV Called St the hOUSS
of Irvin S. Cobb, and the maid dragged
ut nntMnir tha last touches
11 1 lit AV.A.J i . Kill .
on his new book, "Roughing It de
"r-w- waive mnnv miles to see you.
sir," said the tramp, "because people
told me you were very kind to ..poor.
, "Indeed," said the author. "And are
you going back the same way?"
"Yes. sir," was tne answer. i
wnii . aA mt Pnhb. "lust 'con
tradict that rumor as you go, will you?
Beer Turned Into Water.
Stranger Who is that remarkable-
Brewer Hlmmei: tnats mo magi
cian who. yesterday turned beer into
water. And they let a man liKe mat
Arrest Faces Minister.
nr.!aira la lotterv." ' "As lot
teries are unlawful, somebody ought
to arrest the ministers."
TRICKS OF STYLE IX CLASSICS
Greeks Laid Streaa on Minute 1'olnta,
PORTLAND, July U. (To the Edi
tor.) It Is not my purpose to become
involved in a fruitless discussion on
the value of the classical studies, but
In the Interest of truth and fair play I
must raise a protest against certain
statements in an editorial In The Ore
gonian (Sunday, July 6) entitled "The
Greek and Latin Fetich." Apropos of
Dr. McJCinlay's admirable plea for the
study of the classics as a means of
cultivating one's Knglish style, the
following statements occur: "It Is only
in decadent periods of literary history
or In imitative literatures, that these
points receive capital attention. Ver
gil thought more of form than of mat
ter!" (The punctuation Is mine). To
quote further, in the next paragraph:
We hear little or nothing of this sort of
"style" from the Greeks of the great period
Following tbs genius of their language and
tha bent of their minds, they said straight
forwardly what they had to say and let
it go at. that. Inasmuch as their thought
was coherent their paragraphs flowed
naturally one Into another, but we doubt
very much whether either Xenophon or
Plato ever troubled himself a great deal
about "topic" sentences and tha like. Such
fripperies came Into fashion among the
Alexandrians when men had lost the faculty
of original thought and oould only write
To anyone who has any knowledge
of ancient literary criticism the above
remarks will seem incomprehensible
In their lack of -appreciation of Greek
The greatest of all crafts to the
Greek, and the one at which he labored
with the utmost diligence and pains
taking, was that of letters and this at
titude, toward writing as a fine art Is
due to his conception of speech. That
artistic sense which distinguished the
Greeks above all races that the world
has ever known was concentrated, at
least In the period of greatest achieve
ment, on the idealization of man. Now,
logos, speech, was recognized by the
Greeks as a distinctive attribute of
man. It was necessary, therefore, at
this stage that they should require In
speech a clear-cat and typical beauty
analogous to that of the Idealized hu
The pursuit of letters as a fine art,
the toil and exacting demands made
upon the classical writers of Greece
-and Rome, is a matter that ancient
critics frequently dwell upon. Horace,
who was a product of the Golden age
of Roman literature, the most pains
taking and exact In choice of word and
in phrasing, criticises his predecessor,
Lucillus, who boasted of the speed
with which he could spin off verses, but,
if he were living In this age, Horace
adds, he would bite his nails and pull
his hair. Cicero compares the phrase,
lexeis, each fitted with nicety to Its
setting in a finished sentence, with
the pieces, tesserulae, laid In a mosaic.
The ancient writer was attentive not
merely to the general drift or total
effect, but to the particular excellence.
Isocrates speaks of "the antitheses,
the symmetrical clauses, and other
figures, which lend brilliancy to ora
torical displays, compelling the listen
ers to give clamorous applause."
Ancient critics habitually compare the
pains needful to produce a good piece
of writing with the pains needful to
produce a good statue or picture. When
Plato wished to describe the finished
smoothness of Lysias, he borrows his
Image from the sculptor. But among
the passages, and they are Innumerable,
which treat this matter, there Is ono
in Dionyslus In his treatise on style
which is of prime importance to those
who wish to understand the real nature
of ancient literature.
Dionyslus is explaining and defending
that minute and Incessant diligence
which Demosthenes devoted to the per
fection of his orations. "It Is not
strange," says Dionyslus, "if a man
who has won more, glory for eloquence
than any of those who were renowned
before him, who Is shaping words for
all time, who Is offering himself to the
scrutiny of envying time, adopts no
word, no thought, at random, but takes
much care of both things, arrangement
of his Ideas and the graciousness of
his language: seeing, too, that the men
of that day produced discourses which
resembled no common scribbling.", but
rather were like to carved and chiseled
forms I mean Isocrates and Plato."
Dionyslus then refers to the fact that
Isocrates spent ten years, at the
lowest estimate, on his creation, the
Penegyricus, and "Plato ceased not to
smooth the locks and adjust the tresses,
or vary the braids of his comely crea
tions." As further evidence of Plato's
industry in writing, Dionyslus men
tions the current story about the tablet
which was found after his death with
the first words of the Republic "I
went down yesterday to the Piraeus
with Glaucon, son of Artston." This
sentence was written in many different
The distinguishing feature of Greek
literature is its sustained perfection of
style. How much 111 finished work have
Wordsworth, Byron, Keats, Tennyson,
Browning left? Shakespeare himself
is not blameless. In the Greek poets
even when the thouKht is trifling and
the language undistinguished, the
workmanship is nearly always good.
"The sawdust of the workshop has
been brushed away from their verse,
the edges trimmed and rounded, the
whole has been painted and polished."
It was the Greek's unsleeping Instinct
for beauty that prevented his ever be
coming careless or slovenly In execu
Thucydides, Sophocles. Herodotus,
Xenophon, Euripides, Demosthenes,
Isocrates, Horace, Cicero and In gen
eral all of the greatest classical writers
were masters of this craft, laid utmost
stress upon minute points of style,
"deft express," "easy transition," upon
lucidMy and euphony, studied out the
best possible way or phrasing tne idea.
Plato above all made use of arl the
tricks of. style. KELLEY RKJSS.
What la Protestant Ireland!
PORTLAND. July 15. (To the Edi
tor.) Please define the boundaries of
Protestant Ireland, sometimes described
as "The North of Ireland." J. N. M.
The province of Ulster Is roughly
spoken of as Protectant, but in fact the
pare of Ireland where Protestants are
In the majority Is restricted to the four
northeastern counties of that province.
The, population of the nine counties of
Ulster is divided as to religion as fol
Tountv Protectant. Catholic.
. . . .i3,s:io
Total, SHO.SSO' 6110,810
Imports of Wheat.
AZALEA, Or., July 14. (To the Edi
tor.) To settle argument please state
if any wheat was imported from foreign
countries to the United tates in the
last two years, and how much.
Imports of wheat to the United States
In the year ending June 30, 1913, were
798,028 bushels; year ending June SO,
1912, 2,699,130 bushels. Figures for
year ending June 30, 1914, sre not yet
Who Has It!
VANCOUVER, Wash., July 14. To
the Editor. Can yero refer me to some
one In Portland who possesses a set
of Bernard McKadden's Enclycopedia
of Physical Culture? I desire to ex
amine the books, but do not find them
in the library. M. M. B.
Twenty-Five Year Ago
From The Oregonian of July 1. 1!.
Albany. July 15. Deputy County
Clerk Hodges, of Prlnevllle. who la In
the city, states that Georae Nuttintr.
sheep inspector of Crook County, lias
been missing for several weeks and
that fears are entertained that he has
Olympia, July 15. Geome II. Thomas
Post," O. A. R.. of thla city, was vislt.-cl
this evening by Department Commander
S. G. Cosgrove and Inspector-General
C. M. Barton.
Olympia, July 15, Great dlssp.
polntment was felt here this evening
at the nonsrrlval of The Oregonian by
Baker City. July 15. The largest
mining sale ever made In Oregon wa
that of the Basiloy mine today to
Colonel R. F. Looney, of Mamphla,
Juxtue R. E. Reese and O. fizonlagh,
of Kan Francisco.
San Francls4. July 15. The contest
over the property of the late Thomas
II. Blythe commenced In court this
morning. TUo property is vajued at
about H.OOO.uuO and the clalmante num
ber over 200. The qiost prominent are
Florence Blytha, who avers she la ths
legitimate child of Blythe and Alice
Dickerson, who claims he recognitor
her as his wife.
The East Portland Water Company
has filed with the City Council a pro
test against the latter's action In ap
pointing commissioners to act for tha
company In fixing water rates.
Joseph Richardson has moved Into
his new and elesunl resilience on Rod
ney avenue north of Russell street.
P. C. Stone, county road supervisor.
Is having a good wagon road made Into
Judge Deady ordered the election of
two settlers, Schweitzer and Seward,
from claims in Harney Valley. When
Deputy Marshal Harper, of Baker City,
went to Harney to enforce execution,
a party of men armed with Winches
ters would not let him.
"Billy" Beers, one of the ol.l-tlme
Portland printers, who wna connected
with the Herald for yeara. Is In the city
for the first time in seven years. He
now has a homestead on the headwa
ters of the Ysquina Klver.
C. C. Bozorth recently started a
cheese factory at Woodland. W. T.
The engagement Is announced of Mr.
J. L. Howard to Miss Lizzie Prettyman.
of Albany. .
Dr Harry Lane and E. W. Bingham
have' returned from a fishing trip to
The grand Jury, G. W. Ptaver. fore
man, has reported recommending sup
pression of the social evil and sale of
liquor to minors and removal of explo
sives beyond the city limits.
Half a Century Ago
(From The Oregonian of July II. ls4.)
A private letter from Captain Olney,
at The Dalles, says: "I have Jjisi
learned that the rinake Indians have
made a raid upon the settlers in Ante
lope Valley, 5 miles from here, on
the road to Canyon City, driving -ff
all the stock In that valley. !t Is sleo
reported that they have been seen
within SO miles of this place, on the
east side of the Deschutes River."
Hon. J. R. McBrlde left New Tork
on the steamer of July 13. and may ba
expected to arrive among his constit
uency In about 30 days from that tlnia.
Auburn. Or., July 11. On Burnt Riv
er, at the tollgate near Miller s ranch,
on July 6, a half-breed by the nam of
Greenwood killed a gentleman by tha
name of Kennear. Greenwood then
came on to the Express ranch, where
he threatened to take the house. Ha
and Mr. Scott both fired at the same
time, each receiving a wound in the
arm. Greenwood tiien came near tha
Straw ranch, where he was captured.
Toward evening the citizens of Burnt
River and Auburn collected together
and demanded the prisoner, took him
about four miles east until they came
to a Juniper, where they left him with
a rope around his neck and tied te tha
top f a tree, his feet lacking about 10
Inches of coming to tha ground. Yes
terday his body was taken down, and
A letter from Captain George L. Cur
ry to a gentleman In this city tells of
work in the Owyhee mines.
Baltimore, July 11. The Washing
ton Ktnr says that skirmishing on the
Rockvllle road commenced early tills
morning and was followed by an ad
nf iim rebel force to a point
about four miles west of Trnallytown.
Their progress on that road was
stopped and they disappeared. Huhe
n nr. lieurd them skirmishing
around the Peventli-street turnpike.
near Claggetfa farm ana F. i n.air
residence. It Is reported that they
burned Montgomery Blulr's reM.lrnre..
It Is said tl.at the rebel forte Is im1
sufficient to make an attack on lhe
fortifications around Washington, and
that it in not their Intention to do so.
Per contra, we have Just received ac
curate Information that the rebel army
marched down the valley ti.OOO strong.
Including tOOO cavalry, under Bieck
lnrldge. Rawson, Imboden and McCaus
land. IxniKStroct was at OorrtonsvllU
with additional forces to Join the army
of Invasion, and It the Intention ot
the army to attempt the capture of
Washington by surprise.
.v, c ,n Tiiiv it. The enemy
began tr.elr retreat across the Potomac
at midnight. They had held- Rockvllle,
give miles from the Potomac, as their
base of supplies.
Dr. Plummer. the obliging operator
.v.- i.urr,nh office, has a battery
arranged which shocks customers who
touch the office bar.
'Several weeks since the Ktreet Com
missioner fenced up the bridge on
Front street, near the penitentiary, as
a precaution against suits for damages.
and yesterday a part oi rront sireei.
In the busiest part of the thoroughfare)
was fenced up.
Two Celestials sppeared on tha
streets yesterday, bearing upon a pole
stretched from shoulder to shoulder be
tween them a barrel of water, which
they carried from the river to a wash
house. Bamuel Brown, near Belpaosl. In Ma
rlon County, was robbed of a valuable
horse on the night of the 14th.
The Dancing Craze
Is playing Its rrt In the revolu
tion of attire. Just as the automobile
did before it
Certain styles In shoes In men's
clothing. In women's frocks are de
manded by this fascinating enter
tainment. Before you go away for your va
cation you will want to be sure you
have the right things In your trunk.
Not necessary to waste a lot of
time looking around.
Just take the advertising columns
of The Oregoni.-yi and see the fond
of Information they have In this im