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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 23, 1914)
VOL.. LIV. NO. 16,717.
PORTLAND, OREGON. TUESDAY. JUNE 23, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
SPOKANE RATE CASE
LOST BY RAILROADS
Long and Short Haul
Clause Is Valid.
INLAND CITIES WIN HARD FIGHT
Commerce Commission Upheld.
Commerce Court Reversed.
SUPREME , COURT. DECIDES
Pending .5. Per. Cent Increase Kate
Case Result Believed Koreshad
owed in Intel-mountain Ruling. .
Freight Zones Will Remain,
FACTS IBT HISTORT OF SPO-
. kank rate case: and t
' .V. : results.
' : Supreme Court upholds Inter.
" state Commerce Commission rul
ing; and reverses ruling of de
funct Interstate Commerce Court
Decision ends 2G-year fight of
Inland cities, led by Spokane.
; Long and short haul clause up
held as constitutional and right
of Interstate Commerce Commis
sion to establish zones for relief
of inland cities upheld.
Northwest Inland cities receive
-reduction In freight rates rang
ing; from 4 per cent to 25 per cent
on all commodities.
. Ruling; is defeat for railroads
on; practically all Issues which
have arisen in the long fight and
Indicates the 6 per cent rate in
crease request of the railroads
' now'pendlng will be decided with
.the lnter-mountain riling as a
partial basis. This is significant,
inasmuch as the railroads had
V used in their arguments for in
creased rates rulings of the Com
merce Court, reversed -in this de
cision. . '
. Ruling leaves way open for in
land cities to press suits for re
bates amounting to several mil- :
lions of dollars, claimed as a re
suit of paying the higher' rates
while, the case, ha? been in the
courts. , .
WASHINGTON, June 23 The .Inter
state. .Commerce Commission's so-called
Mntermountaln or Spokane", rate orders
were sustained as valid today by the
Supreme Court, which held, at the
same time, that the . long and short
haul clause of the Interstate commerce
law was constitutional. Both had been
attacked by the transcontinental rail
roads. The defunct Commerce Court, passing
ever the constitutional question, had
annulled the orders on the ground that
the Commission had no authority to
Issue "blanket" or "zone" orders, and
might act only on the reasonableness
of specific rates. In overturning that
contention today and holding that the
Commission did have such power, the
Supreme Court decided a point which
lawyers and close observers of the In
terstate Commerce Commission's pro
cedure say Is of equal importance to
the intermountaln rate case itself. If
Rate Increase Case Concerned.
Opposition1 to" the 6 per cent Increase
in freight rates being asked by the
Eastern railroads, and upon which the
Interstate Commerce Commission la ex
pected to announce its decision at any
day. had been based principally upon
the contention that the Commission did
not have authority under the law to
grant such a "blanket" increase. Copies
of the court's decision today were sent
immediately to the Commission for its
guidance. ' - "
What the effect, if. any, of the de
eision upon the rate case may be can
only be the subject of conjecture. There
are those among the well informed in
the Commission's procedure, however,
who say the decision, In the disposi
tion of the railroads' application, has
been delayed awaiting the Supreme
Court's decision on that Important
As to the tntermountain rate orders
themselves, however, their effect is that
such Western cities west of the Rocky
Mountains as Reno. Spokane and
Phoenix, will not be forced to pa upon
their freight from the East the regular
rate through to the Pacific Coast and
then also another rate from the Pacific
back to their stations, because the rail
roads are competing with water-borne
traffic around Cape Horn or through
the Panama Canal.
Certain Increases Payable.
They will, however, pay certain In
creases over the normal rates from
certain rones. Thus the railroads may
charge no more than the regular rate
on shipments originating In the terri
tory west of a vertical line drawn
through St. PauL They may, however,
charge an Increase of seven per cent
on those originating between St. Paul
and Chicago, not more than IS per
cent on those . between Chicago and
Pittsburg, and not more than 25 per
cent on those between Pittsburg and
WILSON SAYS ERASE
LINCOLN HIGHWAY MARKERS E
MIXD OF PRESIDENT.
Nation's Executive Writes Letter
Suggesting Way to Obliterate Sec
. tlonal . Feeling; Further.-
. .WASHINGTON, June 22. President
Wilson expressed the wish today that
the Mason and Dixon line be forever
forgotten. In a letter to President H.
B. Joy, of the Lincoln Highway Asso
elation., asking that the road run from
Philadelphia to Gettysburg through
Washington,' the President suggested
that it would be a good means of
further oblleratlng sectional feeling be
tween the North and the South.-'
The letter reads:
"I am sure the entire country is in
terested to see to it that there should
no longer exist a North or a South in
this absolutely united country, which
we all love, and that the imaginary
Mason and Dixon's line should be made
once for all a thing of the past, and as
a small contribution to that end
earnestly suggest that the Lincoln
Highway Association should grant per
mission to place the official Lincoln
Highway ' markers of the macadam
roadway from Philadelphia to Wash
lngton through the properly selected
streets of the latter city, to the Lin
coln monument, and from there through
Frederick, Md., to Gettysburg.
"Cordially and respectfully yours,
CHINESE CITIES FLOODED
West River Is 70 Feet Oat of Banks
and Natives Flee to Hills.
HONGKONG, "June 22 Extensive
areas In the provinces of Kwangsi and
Kwantung are Inundated as a result of
the flooding of the West River, which
hair risen 70 feet out of its banks.
Thousands of natives who at first took
refuge. on the. roofs of houses, finally
were compelled to flee to the hills for
safety. The number of persons drowned
Is not known.
The parade ground in Wuchow, a
treaty port In the province of Kwangsi
180 miles west qf Canton, is ten feet
under water. The customs officials
and the members of the foreign staff
are living on boats.
FIVE GENERATIONS ALIVE
Woman In New Jersey at 88
MONTCLAIR, N. J June 22. (Spe
cial.) Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth Goble, 88
years old, of this town, became a great-great-grandmother
today when a son
was born to Mr.'- and Mrs. Jacob
Lichtensteln, of Bloomfleld. The child
born today has living- two grandfathers
and two grandmothers, two great
grandfathers . and two great-grandmothers
and the great-great-grandmother,
11 grand-uncles, eight grand
aunts and three great-great-aunts.
All of the family live in Montclalr
and adjacent towns.
121 CHARGES AGAINST FOUR
Total Counts in Indictments Involv
. ing Illinois Banker Is High.
OTTAWA, 111., Juno 22.-A total of
121 indictments were returned today
against John Harlenbower, of Chicago,
president of the defunct Tonlca Ex
change Bank; George T. Hlltabrand,
cashier; Benjamin F. Hlltabrand ' and
W. J. Ebner, assistant cashiers.
Harlenbower and both the Hilta
brands were charged with embezzle
ment, of practicing a confidence game
and receiving deposits after they knew
the bank was insolvent. Ebner was In
dicted for receiving deposits after the
bank was insolvent. '
$1,000,000 FUND PROPOSED
American College of Surgeons Wants
Endowed Permanent Home.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., June 22.-An
endowment fund of $1,000,000 and the
establishment of a permanent home for
the college in Washington, D. C, were
decided upon at a meeting of the offi
cers and regents of the American Col
lege of Surgeons held here today. More
than' $100,000 of the proposed fund was
pledged at the meeting.
Fellowships were conferred upon 1032
surgeons from all sections of the coun
try at the second convocation of the
college here tonight.
MILITIA OFFICERS BENEFIT
10 Per Cent Increase in Pay. Allowed
on Certain Sea Duty.
WASHINGTON, June 22. Comptrol
ler Downey of the Treasury, interpret
ing the militia act of February 16, 1914.
decided today that officers and men
of the Naval Militia were entitled to
10 per cent additional pay when on
sea duty under conditions where offi
cers of the regular Navy were allowed
the additional pay.
The decision will have effect in cer
tain militia maneuvers.
Work of Higher Education.
NEW YORK. June 22 Advices re
ceived here from Constantinople today
state that Sultan Mebmet V has con
ferred the order of the Shefakat on
Dr. Mary Mills Patrick, president of
the Constantinople College for Women.
The order is conferred in recognition
of her services to the cause of higher
FLIGHT OVER VERA
GRUZ IS DESCRIBED
John T. McCutcheon En
joys Air Jaunt
NAVAL FRIENDSHIP RENEWED
Battleships 1000 Feet Below
Fade Into Insignificance.
100-MILE SPEED ATTAINED
Artist Comments on Great Sense of
Security Felt in Government
Craft and Only Regret Is
Failure of Photographs.
BY JOHN T. M'CUTCHEON.
By Arrangement Between The Oregonlan
ana me imcago inpuno.
Vera Cruz, June 15. Back in '99, during
the war in the Philippines, I em
barked in a little "mosquito" gunboat.
the Samar, for a day's trip up the
coast for San Fabian. . I expected to
return to my "Dase" in the evening
and did not take any traveling equip
ment with me. I was gone five weeks,
and the events and adventures that un
folded in rapid succession during that
period were enough to All volumes with
thrilling narrative. The events in
cluded nearly every experience, from a
storm at sea, a fire on shipboard, a two
weeks chase after Aguinaldo through
mountainous districts . never before
traversed by American soldiers, and. a
fiercely contested battle at Tilad Pass,
where 60 Filipinos under General
Gregorio del Pilar held a battalion of
the Thirty-Third Infantry in check for
five hours and were only dislodged
after 62 had been killed and wounded.
It was en this occasion that Del Pilar
was killed at 600 yards by Corporal
perry, and upon the dead body of the
herolo young officer was found a dairy
In-which events up to the moment of
his death were entered.
But what I started to speak about
was the Catnap and the man in com
mand. The Samar was one of the little
243-ton gunboats which our Govern
ment acquired from the Spaniards and
she was in command of an ensign
named Mustln, one of the most daring
and- efficient officers in the Navy. . His !
work on the Samar won. for him the J
highest commendation from the Navy
Cruise Is Eventful.
From the start my little cruise on
tho Samar was destined to be eventful.
We ran into the tall of a typhoon.
(Concluded on Page 2.)
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INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
degrees; minimum, S degrees.
TODAY'S Showers; southerly winds.
Carranza dispatches envoys to Washington,
presumably to meet Huerta's delegates.
Flight over Vera Cms described by John T.
Mccutcnen. Page 1.
Actress kisses Hon that klUed her finance.
"Spokane" or "lntermountaln" rate case Is
lost by railroads la highest court. Fags
Railroads win $700.000. 000 oil lands contro
versy from Government. Fage z.
Kewlauds- wants waterways commission to
be one of authority. Fage 6.
President TVIlson would eras Maaon-Slxon
line. Pane 1.
Standard Oil loses pipeline cue. Page Si
Storms In .Kansas and Ohio cause big prop-
, eriy loss, rsx
Northwestern Leas-ue results; Seattle 8, Port
land 2: Spokane 7. .Victoria 2; Vancouver
13, Tacoma 8. Fage a
Dan Howley now leading Montreal team.
McCredle, gloomy over suspension, says he
man t puu umpire-e nose, rsse a.
West now appears as "white hope" of po
lolsta. Page 9. . "
Ex-Mayor of COpperfleld shot. Marshal's
. brother sought. Page 1.. -
Crowd gets sordid details of alleged slaying
of wire by Anarew sossen. Fage a.
Judges Benson andMcNary now are tied.
Klickitat sheep camp raided and man shot
in range xeua. page a
State Retail Merchants open convention at
IjM. (Jranae. page 7.
Spokane wins 29-year fight In rate ease
victory. -Page 6.
New Butte union puts ban on 1. W. W.
' Commercial and Marine.
Northwestern farmers slow sellers of new
wheat. Page 10.
Chicago wheat market slumps on heavy ar
rivals, page is.
Wall Street stocks boomed by decision In ell
lands case. Fage IB.
Swing draw urged for Interstate bridge.
Portland and Vicinity,
Grill raid victim to sue oity for $20,000.
Pentagon has two big acts this week. Page
Attorney Cyrus A. Dolpb, 73, pioneer. Is
dead. Prae Id.
Three Mexicans and boy " admit using auto
In robbery of four stores. Paga 18.
Portland gets attractive advertising In Pitts
burg. Page id.
New Alnsworth school formally opened to
public. Page Is.
Chapman school enters full ticket in Junior
election contest, pace la.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
Ex-Marshal Colwell Is dead. Page 7.
Commencement exercises of three high
schools to be held tonight. Page 6.
Bookkeeper, Fleet Commodore on
Sunday, Admits ITjrbezzlement.
ST. LOUIS, June 22 William a Fer
guson, bookkeeper on woraaayg ana
commodore of a fleet of Mississippi
River powerboats on Sundays and holi
days, pleaded guilty to a charge of
embezzlement today and upon the
agreement of counsel will be sentenced
to five years In the Penitentiary next
Ferguson was accused of embezzling
$5600 from a trade paper publishing
company. 'He was caught, at Seattle,
Wash. ' ' 1
rCfllL v'-w -I ,
Posse Seeks Marshal's
VICTIM FALLS AS HE WORKS
Despite Dreadful Injuries, Vic
tim Crawls to Town.
WOUNDS THOUGHT FATAL
Recent Charges by Mr. Stewart That
Ed Fisher Had Attacked Woman
Homesteader Partly Respon
sible for Crime Theory.
BAKER. Or., June 22. (Special.)
H. H. Stewart, wounded by a gunshot
at Copperfield this morning, arrived at
the Baker Hospital shortly after 10
o'clock tonight. He stood the trip from
Copperfield by train well, but physi
cians after cursory examination would
hold out no hope of recovery.
COPPERFIELD, Or.. June 22. (Spe
olal.) Sheriff Rand and a posse of
citizens of Copperfield are searching
In the woods near here tonight for
Ed Fisher, brother of the City Marshal,
on the theory that be may have been
the assassin, who, from ambush this
morning, at 8:15 o'clock, shot down
H. H. Stewart, deposed as Mayor of
Copperfield by Governor West in Jan
Mr. Stewart was shot clear through
the body by a rifle shot, said to have
been a high-power .22 caliber. The
bullet struck Just below the ribs on
the left side, passed Just under the
heart, tore a gaping hole In the liver
and pierced the intestines In three
places. Dr. Herbert C. Eastland, of
Halfway, who was summoned, gave no
hopes of recovery.
'Disappearance Arouses suspicion. .
The wounded man was put on a train
for the Baker Hospital late today and
should reach there before midnight, al
though there is doubt as to whether he
will be, alive or not.
Fisher was seen around Copperfield
Just before, the time of the shooting
this morning. He has not been seen
since, but had said he was going to
Wallowa by foot trail over the moun
tains. The City Marshal went to the
homestead on Snake River in the hope
of finding his brother there to Induce
him to return to clear himself of sus
picion. Mr. Stewart. In a published state
ment a few weeks ago, accused Fisher
(Concluded on Page S.)
JUDGE BENSON IS
TIED WITH M'NARY
TWELVE OF 3 COOTIES YET
TO BE HEARD FROM.
Ballot Box Tally Sheets May Be 11
checked. If Klamath Maa'a
Stipulation Is Accepted.
SALEM. Or., June I!. (Special.)
According to official returns received
by Secretary of State Olcott and unof
flcal returns received here tonight by
Justice Charles L McNary, the latter
and Judge Henry L. Benson, of Klamath
Falls, are now tied for the Supreme
Gains mad by Justlc McNary
the last few days in Multnomah and
Lincoln counties are responsible for
the tie. Advices received Saturday by
Justice McNary from Portland friend
say that Judge Benson. Instead of gain
ing 20 votes In Portland, had gained
only ten. This is oonflrmed by Judge
Benson. Amended returns from Lin
coin County today reported that Judge
Benson had lost five votes, glvln
Judge McNary five votes not figured
' Judge Benson, In confirming the fact
that he had gained only ten votes I
Multnomah, requested' Justice McNary
to enter into a stipulation to have the
Multnomah Circuit Court tally sheets
In certain precinct ballot boxes com
psred with those of the County Clerk.
Justice McNary today received the atlp
platlon and will return it to Judge Ben
son tomorrow. Should a comparison of
the ballot box tally sheets with those
in the hands of the Clerk show no
gains for either It seems certain al
most that the two either will demand
a recount or draw lots to determine
which Is entitled to the nomination,
Amended returns have been receive
from 22 counties.
FRENCH TO TAX INCOMES
On July 1 B Per Cent on Returns
Villi Co to Government. .
PARIS, June 22 The French Govern
meat Issued today regulations under
which a tax of 5 per cent Is to be col
lected on Incomes received In France
from foreign stocks, bonds and securi
ties of whatever form. Including Gov
ernment bonds. The regulations go
Into force on July 1.
The regulations are Intricate and de
tailed. They require banks to keep
record of all coupons, checks or other
Instruments of credit used to transfer
or collect interest from abroad.
Severe penalties are to be inflicted on
persons seeking to evade the new law.
The extreme limit Is-a year's Imprison
tnent and there is a series of heavy
DESTROYER CRUISE BOAT
Washington Naval Reserve Gets
Goldabo rough for Summer Trip.
VALLEJO, Cat.. June 21 The torpe
do-boat destroyer Goldsborough re
celved orders at the Mare Island Navy
yard today to proceed as soon as prac
tlcable to Tacoma, -to take aboard the
officers and men of the Washington
Naval Reserve for their regular Sum.
mer cruise. The Uoldsborough win
leave here this week.
The Monitor Cheyenne, the mother
ship of the H group of submarines, ax.
rived at Mare Island today with I
number of divers aboard, to undergo a
week's repairs before sailing for the
Navy-yard at Bremerton. Wash.
MINIMUM WAGE IS ISSUE
Agreement on $ii Expected at Laon-
dry Women' Conference.
OLYMPIA. Wash- June 22. With in-
Idlcattons pointing to the recommenda
tion of a minimum wage of l a week,
though a special committee had failed
after three hours of deliberation to
reach an agreement, the second laundry
women's minimum wage conference ad
journed tonight to meet In the morn
When the committee went out the
employers had agreed to 18.90 as
minimum and the employes to f 9.60.
The committee is striving to bring an
agreement somewhere between these
WILSON FELICITATES KING
President Sends Birthday Congratu.
latlon to English Ruler,
WASHINGTON, June 22. President
Wilson, in recognition of the official
celebration of the birthday of Klr.g
George, sent today this congratulatory
telegram to the British monarch:
"I beg of Tour .Majesty to accept my
hearty felicitations on this birthday
anniversary and my best wishes for
your continued happiness and well
being, and at the same time I wish
to convey to you the expression of the
good will whloh this Government and
people bear to your great country."
ENGINE LIGHTS PROVIDED
Plant Going In at Koseburg to Equip
Locomotives, by July HI.
ROSE BURG, Or., June 22. (Spe
cial.) To comply with the new slate
law requiring all locomotive headlights
used on all railroads to be lighted by
electricity, a plant will be Installed
here at once to charge storage bat
All locomotives in the Southern Oie-
gon district will be brought here to
be provided with the new lights,
which, according to the law, must be
accomplished by July IL
Bryan Produces Draft
of Taft's Term.
'HONEST REGRETS' THEN USED
"Sincere Regrets" No More to
Be Opposed. Says Secretary.
ARCHIVES TO BE EXPLORED
Correspondence of Former Admin's,
tratlon May Be Brought Tp tn
Show Negotiations Once Nearly
went to Arbitration.
WASHINGTON, Julia M. Criticism
of the proposed treaty to settle the
differences between the United Slates
and Colombia ver the separatios ef
Panama brought a formal statement
tonight front Secretary Bryan defeas
ing the clause expressing -sincere re
gret" en the part ef the United ttstes
that anything should have occurred to
mar the friendly relations between the
The expression 'honest regret." Mr.
Bryan said, was used In the memo
randum drafted during the Tart Ad
ministration a which the present ne
gotiations, as well as those which
had failed previously, were based.
Bryan Remains Hepefnl.
Despite opposition In the Senate Mr.
Bryan was hopeful today that tba
treaty would be favorably reported and
ratified. Members of the foreign rela
tions committee expected that corre
spondence la the archives ef the Mate
Department bearing upon the treaty
would reach the committee Wednesday.
It will be referred to a sub-cemsalttee
and probably will fee made puollo.
It Is said that this correspondence
will show that at ens stage of the ne
gotiations with Colombia during the
Tart Administration the United Ittates
proposed to submit the dispute to arbi
tration with the knowledge that a ver
dict In favor of Colombia would mesa
a Judgment for at least 140,000.000.
Bryan Given Ont Statement.
Seuretary Bryan's statement follons:
"Article one of the treaty new be
fore the Senate reads as follows:
The Government ef the United
Stares of America, wishing to put at
rest all controversies and all differ
ences with the republlo of Colombia
arising out ef the events from whli h
the present situation on the Isthmus et
Panama resulted, expresses. In Its own
name and in the name of the people
of the United States, sincere regret
that anything should have occurred to
Interrupt er to mar the relattens of
cordial friendship that hs4 so long
existed between the two nations.
"The government of the RepoMle
of Colombia, In Its own name and In
the name of the Colombian people, ac
cepts this declaration In the full as
surance that every obstacle to the
restoration of complete harmony I.e.
tween the two countries will thus dis
Dnbeta sseenerandnm Med.
In what Is known as the Dubois
memorandum, mads during the last
Administration, which presented me
basis upon whli-h he was authorised
to negotiate a treaty, the following
language Is used:
The Government and the people oi
the United Statea hnneetly regret any
thing should have occurred to mar. In
any way, the long and sincere friend
ship that existed for nearly a century
between Colombia and the United
Statea and the latter country has foe
years earnestly desired to remove the
Ill-feeling aroused In Colombia by the
separation of Fanama.'
It will be seen from a comparison
of ths two paragraphs that they aa
Identical In meaning and almoet Ident
ical In language. In the Dubois mem
orandum the United Wales 'honestly
regrets' and In the pending treaty 'the
Government of the United Plates o
America expresses In Us own name wvl
In the name of the people ef the United
States sincere regret'. There Is no ma-
erlal difference between "honestly te
rete' and 'sincerely I egrets.'
Other C osaparleena Made.
'The pending treaty uses the pla-aee
to Interrupt or to mar; me
memorandum uses the words to mar.'
The Dubois memorandum describes the
friendship formerly existing as 'sin
cere," while the pending treaty de
scribes It as Vordlal.' Hotli refer t
the 'events of 10.' The Dubois nssm-
randuin speaks of 'the Ill-feeling
aroused In Colombia by the seperetlou
Psnania;' thm pending refers to 'aVe
events from which the pre.enl situa
tion on the Isthmus of I'snsma re
sulted.' In ths pending tresty the gov.
eminent of Colombia accepts this d -
laratlon In the full assurance t.'Ot
very obstacle te the restoration of the
complete harmony between the two rm
tlons will thus dlsappeer, while He
Dubois memorandum declares that the
United Statea desired to remove tie
Ill-feeling aroused In Colombia br the
separation of Panama."
"This comparison l made l shew
that the two expressions of regret 'are
Id aU eaaeutlai fsaturee ILe same.'"
aCeacluded ea Fag 6-
education for women.