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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 19, 1914)
"THE 3IORXIXG OREGONIAtf, FRIDAY, JTjyE 19, 1914.
Entered at Portland, Orejon. postofflce as
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OKTLAJ.T, IUXDAY, JUK 19, 1914
, THE CAPSHEAi' Ol? FOIXT.
The Columbian Senate lias ratified
the- remarkable "Wilson-Bryan treaty
et apology and surrender between the
Bouth American republic and the
United States; and It Is to be pre
sumed that the Presidential thumb
screw will soon be turned on the
United States Senate to induce it to
agree to the indefensible $25,000,000
This precious treaty is typical of
the timid and cowardly policy of the
President and his Secretary of State
Coward all foreign nations. An old
aore is deliberately reopened, and it is
to be salved over with a $25,000,000
soiatinm.'f The good will of an insig
nificant and quarrelsome South
American republic is to be bought
with a. large sum from the United
States Treasury and it is to have
rights and privileges in the use of
the Panama Canal which we deny to
ourselves. It is all quite extraordinary.
The criticism of the Mexican fiasco,
the protest over the tariff, the agita
tion over the anti-trust bills, the com
plaints about industrial stagnation,
the general resentment over the re
peal of free tolls, will all be as noth
ing compared to the Indignation and
excitement of the country when Pres
ident Wilson and Secretary Bryan
attempt to consummate this crowning
A3f GCTTUOW OF GOLD.
In eleven months the United States
lias sent abroad 65,000,000 in gold,
gtnd the outflow continues, last week's
Bhlpments having totaled 118,000,000.
We owe the money to Europe as the
balance of trade, because our Imports
now exceed our exports; for freight,
because other nations do our carry
ing by sea; and for interest and divi
dends. Europe needs the money, be
cause French and German banks are
In straits and because national treas
uries must be prepared for emer
gencies of war. Europe pays a pre
mium to get more gold, perhaps, than
we actually owe, because our market,
which is now open, will in a sense
be closed by the discount system
which the regional banks will estab
lish. We can spare the gold at pres
ent because trade depression has so
diminished calls on available capital
that money is piling up in banks.
The present outflow of gold demon
strates the absurdity of our money
system. Any man can take a 5 note
to a bank and demand gold, and there
Is no alternative but to give it. A
bank can take $1,000,000 in green
backs to the United States Treasury
Department, demand gold and it must
be given. Under the regional bank
system this will be much changed.
An official discount rate will regulate
the ebb and flow of money between
banks and the public. The Federal
Keserve Board will be able, by chang
ing this rate, to check any abnormal
outflow. Gold shipments will ordi
narily be limited to an amount which
the normal currents of trade Justify.
An abnormal demand from abroad,
which threatens to deplete our sup
ply, will be automatically checked.
But the regional bank system can
rot prevent the outflow of gold which
Is due to an ill-balanced tariff sys
tem. If we buy more than we sell.
We must pay in gold or its equivalent
If we hire foreign ships to carry our
exports and to bring our imports, we
must pay the freight to the foreigner,
and the amount will figure in the
peneral settlement at the clearing
house of nations. The nations which
buy abroad only what they cannot
economically produce at home and
the nations which carry not only their
own but other nations' commerce and
which levy toll at every port are the
nations which pile up great accumu
lations of wealth. This wealth goes
out from the old countries to the new
countries for investment, to swell the
Incoming golden stream.
Sanitary science is nothing if not
startling in its recurrent contradic
tion in the face of new discoveries. It
hasn't been long since we were being
urged to patronize the family bath
tub freely and frequently. Therein
lay the road to cleanliness, which is
currently reported to be akin to God
liness, and necessary to happiness,
health and longevity. The poor in
particular were urged to patronize
the family bath and grave concern
was felt that bathtubs in tenement
districts were often used for coal bins
and not for the propagation of
cleanliness. Unwashed persona were
held up as a menace to themselves
and to others. They afforded a pro
lific nesting place for the invisible or
ganisms that are said to be more de
structive of human life than the com
bined armies of the world.
But hold. Don't rush madly to the
family bathtub for another moment
until you've heard the latest. A flash
is at hand from a New Jersey health
board. It has just discovered that
the family bathtub is a most danger
ous place. Dangerous at least to bathe
Jn, though doubtless it is still safe to
use it as a coal bin. It is the promis
cuous use of this tub by members of
the family that renders it dangerous.
It is a veritable beehive of micro
organic activity. Countless germs lie
hidden in its tepid depths waiting to
seize upon unwary human prey.
So we are left in a dilemma. If we
don't bathe we are in danger , of dis
ease. If we do bathe we are in dan
ger even more grave. The way out is
to have individual bath tubs. This is
a small matter, particularly for a
small family of twelve or fourteen.
Or perhaps collapsible washtubs fash
ioned of oiled paper can be devised
by some public benefactor who is
willing to make a fortune. After use
they can be -interred in chloride of
jlme the bathtubs, that is. Or, as
sureested by the New Jersey sanitar
ians, the family might install shower
baths, a suggestion that ought to
bring Joy unbounded to the plumbing
trust. However, before making any
radical changes or throwing the fam
ily bathtub into the ash heap it might
be well to wait a few days. It may
develop a little later that the shower
is fatal. .
inS TBOUBLESOHK LARYNX
, The skeptical may scout the idea
that a little thing like an Inflamed
larvnx will be permitted to interfere
with Colonel Roosevelt's plans for an
extended speaking tour this Fall; but
what is to be said when the Colonel
tn th -firtlficate of a distin
guished London physician that the
Roosevelt larynx has snppea its uui
uv oni lnrnmntion about the country
is not only going to be difficult, but
Impossible, for some time to come :
The news will be a great aisap
nintnnt nt course, to Hiram John
son and other Progressive leaders who
are sadly in need of the powenui
Roosevelt presence. It would seem
that laryngitis has an uncomfortable
way of asserting itself in the throats
of embarrassed statesmen when a
tMiiacnmA nnlltlca.1 campaign im
pends; and Colonel Roosevelt is In no
position in this case to claim 10 ue no
exception to the rule.
tt 1. tn Inferred, from the spe
cific nature of the news. from London,
that Colonel Roosevelt's hearing is as
good as ever some think it is even
better and there is no doubt that the
Macedonian cry from forty-eight
1t to the Progressives has
found due lodgment in the Roosevelt
tympanum. But alas, he is helpless.
What can a voiceless orator do on
the stump? His true course is un
doubtedly to remain at home and
keep his ear to tne grouna.
thn rinlonel has not had
an attack 'of pen paralysis, and we
rather look for nim to wrge "u
a few thunderbolts in a direction
1 win An ths most good or
harm. The target, if we mistake not,
will not be the wicked ttepuDucana,
nt fhA ineomnetent and blundering
Wilson Administration. One may
look at least for a lot 01 gooo. rcauius
out of the Oyster Bay sanctum.
tAVING OtTB GEORGE.
a mIimtax tiAvtmniipr ch&mnion
au egBMsfow . . - , . - - l
. r- n t Rrnltn rnmnlains that The
Oregonian makes no open charges
against the Democratic cauuiuie
onnnprMnn with that
wonderful campaign expense account.
Certainly not; certainly not. ne
gonian makes no charges at all. It is
filled with admiration that so much
.. v.r SmltVi managers for
was iwu. J
so little money, and it has had much
pleasure in commencing me uuc.-
i.j if thA six citizens.
ampieu w- ,
not all of them rich, who contributed
1500 each to the Smitn campaisu.
Tjnn..in- thA Smith snisode in Ore
gon politics will soon be over. He is
going to be Deaten oy tuo
.n.v ottoi- Hven aeainst any can
didate for Governor in Oregon, Re
publican or Democratic, nui
k. then will be compensa-j
tions for him. He will be able forever
to remember with gratitude tne greii
financial sacrifices made in his be
half by the noble sextette.
xT..-,i.Bi.a it 1 tn he an interest
ing campaign,' most interesting in
deed.- The frantic enort iu v
Chamberlain and the willingness of
the Chamberlain group to Jettison the
Smith candidacy is to be its most
. ThAra are already
signs of preparation for the great sac
rifice. There will do uumiuiu .ua.
1 i! cmnnrt nt Smith, of course,
but at critical times our George will
be overcome with acute laryngit,
V10 ohln onlv to make mo-
auu aic " " " "
tions that he at least must be saved.
ANTI-TRUST BTXXS COSCPROMISK.
win. thn. nendine anti-trust bills
are denounced by those at whom they
are aimed as restrictive to business,
they are criticised by such foes of
monopoly as Samuel Untermyer on
the ground that they "are too largely
11 n of rnm nromises weak, su
perficial, ineffective and innocuous."
Mr. Untermyer saia in eyccm o.
TttK.,i- n atv 22 that "they will
UWUUlg V" - " .
not, as they stand, eradicate the in
tolerable evils against which they are
supposed to be directed." He charges
... . . . f i - .1 V.
the subcommittee wmcn araj-ieu lucau
with having "mistaken the boisterous
activity of a small, selfish, powerful
group for the voice of the business
world" and with having "timidly sur
rendered to the outcry."
Take as an example tne iraae- com
mission bill. Under the Newlanas
bill, a substitute for the Clayton bill,
the commission is given authority to
investigate, to require annual reports,
to act as master in chancery to take
evidence in suits, to report findings to
the court and to tne Aiiuruey-ucA.-
eral and to carry out decrees or
courts. It is given power to order
reform of interlocking directorates,
dissolution of holding companies and
to regulate stock issues.
That would be a tolerably effec
tive law. but the Clayton bill, which
has passed the House, is much
weaker. It requires the commission
to investigate violations of law only
AinnT of thn President, the
Attorney-General, or Congress, instead
of on its own initiative, xnis out aura
not require reports from corporations
or groups of corporations composing
a business unit of less than $5,000,000
capital to make reports, though some
of the most oppressive combinations
have been those composed of a num
ber of small concerns. The Clayton
-in ,roa thA pomTTiisslon no author-
ity to deal with interlocking director-
rates, holding companies av.ua
lis covered by the ivewianus um. n
does not enable the commission 10
fulfill the function defined' by the
President as "an instrumentality aua
ji ,,,- tn business where the
processes of the courts or the natural
. ... . -. ! ,ha .nil.tC
forces or correction ouliu a..
are inadequate to adjust the remedy
In contrast with this bill was the
substitute offered by Representative
AT.rtwiL. r.r Tfansas. That bill de-
fined unlawful practices and gave the
commission power or its " Ama
tive to apply the remeay. auo uia
,i;r mie-ht. after a hearing, order
discontinuance of the unlawful prac
tice and carry the case into court,
ininc thnt n corporation had mo
nopolistic power. It might order a
change in tne organization, au
case of disobedience, might obtain
...ihnrin -from court to carry out the
change under its own supervision and
insure continuance 01 tne cnangeu
The Democracy in opposition nas
r years roared like a lion at the
trusts, but in office it merely slaps
em on the wrist ana says:
'aushty." It the trusts knew what
was irood for them, they would meek
ly submit to the tender reproof of
mild mother Democracy rather tnan
expose themselves to such stern pa
ternal discipline as the Murdock bill
If mediation ' fails, as it seems
bound to fall; if Villa and Carranza
fall to dominate the situation and
overthrow Huerta; if Huerta refuses
to retire from the head of the de
facto government; if the Cientificos
feel encouraged to persist in their
policy of plunder what are we going
to do about it? All these things ap
pear at this time as serious possibili
ties. After, milling around for an
other prolonged period, with "watch
ful waiting" persisting In the guise of
Bryan-inspired mediation, we appear
to have gotteij nowhere. Mexico con
tinues in the throes of anarchy, and
chaos runs riot throughout the
-Tiist oua thins has been rained
since we stepped boldly into Mexico
and then, hesitating to proceed witn
-nrVtnt wa rnTTimpTicAd. sat down at
Vera Crus to wait watchfully a little
longer. That one thing has been
fresh military strengtn ana we are
nnt thA ones who have trained It.
Arms, ammunition and artillery have
been permitted to pour into Mexico.
War supplies nave reacnea h-u- mo
contending factions. The military
nr-nhiATTi cnnfrontintr the United States
has been rendered many times more
complex and difficult. We halt to await
the outcome of another Bryanesque
peace whim and the enemy sharpens
ii Kaher. It Is becoming more and
more apparent that we either have
got to do something in xuexico
nr aIsa leave Mexico alone. Talkfest-
lng will not serve the purpose. Nor
will watchful waiting ana spineieaa
diplomacy. If we are compelled to
nrnceed it would be interesting to
note what percentage of the Amer
ican casualty list is aue to tne nan at
Vam Pwit vhlnh AAArnfl to have
served the one purpose of letting the
enemy replenish his ammunition.
THE NEW CENSORSHIP.
tia -insst hsin a. little coun nut over
on them that is very likely to have
far-reaching consequences, ine coup
is the work of Ingenious War De
partment officials, Army officers on
detail at Washington. It is in the
form of a cleverly-concealed and
nATitTniitAf? ttiiimIa to be nlaced upon
the press in time of war. It Is an
nounced as a necessary plan to se
cure proper co-operation between the
press and military forces during time
of field operations, but it is filled
Tr-itv. inVora D f cnnrse the new regu
lations are not without merit, nor is
the real purpose aimed at an iaie one.
But the avowed purpose of the War
Department to gain co-operation is
lost sight of in the overpowering bal
ance of power placed in the hands of
a . nffi..ra ThA wfl.r corresoond-
ents are stripped of all rights and are
left at the beck ana can ana wnims
nf voiHnn.q and sundrv field officers.
The arrangement sends them into the
field muzzled ana nog-uea. iij
might as well stay at home.
The new arrangement is set out
fully in the new Field Service Regu
lations which are now being distrib
tA tn trnom throughout the coun
try. They were framed, so it is re
corded, with the run cognizance nun
-nnon. r,f a mmihor of "reDresenta-
tive editors and correspondents" who
gave their approval. 11 sa, meoo
nnniit9itim editors and corre
spondents" must have been picked
with especial care ana line tact "j
the War Department. They haven't
n- a clncrlA rnnr.ASsion. To be
sure, the regulations note briefly that
the sole purpose 01 tne regulations
to prevent knowledge of troop move
ments from reaching the enemy. But
So much discretion is given comman-nt-
Kriradp nr divisions or field
armies that the censorship arrange
ment can be interpreted to suit tne
fancy of the General or Acting Gen
eral at the head of a troop movement.
To begin with, the correspondent
must have had "previous experience"
T.iHtn rv mnvements. He
III ICuiuus ... j
must pass the physical test prescribed
for the Army ana must iae me u.m
oUoo-iatiaa Tncldentallv he must
put up J1000 in cash to cover his
field expenses and a Dona 01 -uu
to be forfeited in the event he breaks
over the censorship traces. Further-
.rnnrVHn.r Via wrltAS mUSt be
II1UIO, cvcxjv...o -
submitted to a censor, who will be
detailed from the Army for this pur
pose. Anything that doesn't meet the
censor's approval goes into tne mm-
.(.KmiiAt Tf the clever cor-
LAVA y . .V. u u. .....
respondent succeeds in hoodwinking
the censor, wnose meuui"ij la-J ""
1 tiA task of discovering
adroitly concealed double meanings,
the correspondent can De expeuea
from the field or. imprisoned or
treated with such severity as the of
fense seems to require.
Now all this is well enough in
AhAm- nhvlouslv the press should
do nothing in time of war to hamper
the military. There snouia De a spirit
-aHn and even the ardent
desire for a great exclusive story
should not lead editors to publish dis
patches that mignt provme tne enemjr
with valuable military information
Av-nA.v, thA medium of international
spies and special agents. The great
military powers of the world have
similar restrictions and apply them
most vigorously. But mciaentany tne
nA nnnrArn hfLVA real armies and
require a measure of competence
from higher oincers. au-oi wiuch
we have not.
The contention here is that the
powers of the censor should be care
fully prescribed and limited. The
atih T-ltHrMtv of the censorship
B.Vy a,au -CT
should be indicated by Washington
at the outbreak of war with due con
sideration of the gravity of the war.
A Mexican war, for example, would
not call for a suppression or news
.., i- fmnn Tnnvpments in all cases.
We would be fighting a foe even more
lamentably unprepared ior war man
1- .v TTnit-Aw KtatAfl- Tt would be a
slap-bang affair calling for little mili
tary genius and less secrecy. xno
only value of secrecy in such a con
n onnM hA to cover up official in
competence and the sad limitations of
our military system.
t ..rami thousand" men were all
but starving in the field because the
supply service broKe . aown, as it
ii j . ttiA AAncnr rnnlri keen
the correspondents muzzled for fear
of "giving information 10 ine enemy.
"Hell-roarin' " Jake Smiths, Algers
and Shatters could revel in their sev
eral fields of activity unexposed. In
competent civilian Brigadier-Generals,
made to order at the political pie
counter, could inflict more damage
through their incompetence to com
mand even squads than the enemy
might impose in a lifetime. The cen
sor would see to it that the public
was kept in the dark. Having the
military temperament, the censors
could be depended upon for that. All
necessary was to extend to them the
Had such a system as this been in
effect at the outbreak of the Spanish
imnrliMn War. the public might
never have known what a lamentable
affair the Army organization was at
that time. And if the public hadn't
learned then and there it is very
likely that the abuses would not have
been remedied with as little .delay as
riAaeihiA ThA corresijondents are re
sponsible in no small measure for the
military advancement mat nas itmeu
place since our late brush with Spain,
in which Incompetence killed more of
our men than did the enemy.
It is not to be pretended that
mntmimni fxhmiM be permitted to
flock after armies, vulture-like. But
honest reports of blunders in military
operations are necessary to continued
tniiita i-v AvoiutloD. in which the mili
tary policy of the United States is in
such sad need. Such reports win not
fni-Tttsh a nv tiaw Information to the
enemy, for the world already knows.
Censorship there should De, ana co
operation on the part of the press,
nut nnt fiimh an arranrement as that
now put out which, in full operation,
will serve to shut out from public
view the unwieldy operations of our
embryonic military organization. ,
The central figure at the formal
opening of the Panama Canal .will
Tiatnraiiv h President Wilson, but if
honor were given to whom honor is
due, ex-President Roosevelt would
occupy the most prominent position,
with ex-President Taft next in order.
All that Mr. Wilson has done with
the canal is to give it away. Colonel
nnnsAvnit made it nossible and began
the work, and Mr. Taft carried con
struction along to tne point womb
only a few finishing touches were
needed after Mr, Wilson took charge.
His principal part has been to dim
the glory of the Nation's proud
win.. ...... i,a, a man 1e rich VlVeS h!m
no help toward public advancement," Am
bassador i-age, in ajohuuai.
it u ; now wiuui ocuaw. -
very different way. Senator Guggenheim?
How aDout ex-aeoator aiuhuai
Mr Page forgotten the clarion call of George
Perkins" checkbook at Armageddon T New
Thn World's examDles are ill-cho
sen. Mr. Guggenheim and Mr. Al
drich have both gone into retirement
a atrnl1 a Tin nil 1 H T Rtorm. Mr. PPT"-
kins' checkbook has got him nothing
but hard word3 rrom Amos rmcnoi,
anjt Atr T.nrlfrA holds his Dlace by
virtue of his ability, not of his wealth.
TTaiiiira of the Lorimer banks in
Chicago is one example of the incom
noHhllltv nf hankin? with politics.
Liorimer's name was regarded as an
asset, because or his political power,
and local politicians were associated
with thn management. In fact. Lori
mer and his friends were a liability.
for nolltlcs caused things to De aone
contrary to sound banking and thus
caused the crash.
WhAn a San Francisco scavenger
developed gout an Investigation was
promptly made. It was louna mat
he had been accepting gratuities
tvnm a. ernwrv firm. Gout belongs
exclusively to the well-to-do, and
when the poor man develops it he is
rightly subject to suspicion.
President Wilson may well hesitate
to go on the stump for Democratic
Congressmen next Fall. He might
hear some unkind remarks about
Mexico, canal tolls and the Colom
bian treaty, and out West some ques
tions might be asked about unlocking
the public domain.
Th Washington Welfare Commis
sion reports that telephone operators
get an average of J 8.43 a week. Yet
who will- deny that Central earns
ssnno a rear, considering tne nnmoer
of irritable freaks she has to cope
TTiiATta la rADorted to have threat
ened Sir Lionel Carden with arrest
for suggesting that he resign. That,
ot Iaiu la a nleasant variation to the
recurrent tale that Huerta is about
RairirairA airenta in convention issue
a protest against fancy and ornate
trunks. Perhaps the fancy styles do
not lend themselves to smashing as
readily as the other types.
A London militant shackled her
self to a statue in order to attract
attention.' Now supposing someone
should not find the kindness of heart
to file her shackles.
a collision between liner and
freighter off the coast of England
tataa similar to the recent mishap in
the St. Lawrence, except that neither
ThA 'Panama Canal is already col
lecting tolls, but it will be some time
before the amount in tne xreasury is
large enough to tempt the cashier's
fnrrp-rAaa la lmneded by difficulty in
..ninir a nnonim. So many have
gone to mend their political fences
that the others are neia at me pout.
Thn, renort that someone is promot
ing a gold mine on Senate stationery
leads us to inquire as to the where
abouts of Julian Hawthorne.
T-Amior Rlhot's Cabinet has the
record for short tenure of office even
in France, which has had rorty-eignt
Cabinets in forty-three years.
Thn mUnir of the Wisconsin Su
preme Court that blood tests before
marriage are legal ougnt to save tne
world a lot of misery.
sn thn Colonel's larynx needs a rest.
We thought he .was overtaxing him
self trying to explain that river dis
T.ntric is with the Huerta delegates
in their arraignment of the American
policy. But what's mere logic?
ro-tn tha rooA shlD Piffle carry Sec-
r-AtAr-ir Rrran in the naval parade
through the Panama Canal?
The Turks are again on the war
path. Aren't they fiends for punish
ThA wnT-lrl nilarht to srofit. tOO. by
a resting up of . the Colonel's vocal
The very Idea of Villa's pet puppet
trying to get out of hand.
All honor to the brave people who
founded the state.
WHX MORE DONT GO TO CHl'RCH
Writer Believes Departure From Old
Orthodoxy Keeps People Away.
OSWEGO, On. June 18. (To the Edi
tor.) Just now an unusual number of
persons are asking why people do not
go to church. The relatively popular
section of the Protestant clergy in
particular are asking themselves why
workingmen and other socially un
important people do not care to listen
to their output. I know why I do not
go to church and suppose tha same
motive" or lack of motive controls
o there. It is not worth while; I hear
nothing which does me enough good
to pay for the trouble of going. Why
does the popular preacher expect roe
to listen to him? He does not even
pretend to offer me any great bargain
some immediate, extraordinary hope,
help or reward.
I have come to the conclusion
through examination of my own in
stincts and reading the latest philos
ophy and criticism that 'the old ortho
doxy in its fundamental assumption
was on the right track, after all. It
preached the measlanlo and millennial
hope of the early church. It looked for
a new heaven and a new earth coming
down out of the clouds. The popular
divine of today scoffs at this trans
cendent' ideal as vulgar, unspirltual or
materialistic and otters for my com
fort vague promises of an immanental
development toward an indefinite
secalar goal. An invincible subjectiv
ism nullifies every positive and en
thusiastic element in the good news
of Jesus, which we are invited t6 hear
reproclalmed. The kingdom of God
we are told was not an actual concrete
hope, but an Inner disposition. A bet
ter world was not an immediate ex
pectation but distant Borne thousands
of years at best. These and like dull
platitudes are what we have to
I believe we would be wiser in this
matter to rely on the instinct of the
men of the primitive church, which is,
in fact, the instinct of all primitive
men. They want what they want when
they want it and see no reason for
being ashamed of such desires. It re
.moinc, fnr thA nvAr-refined moderns to
discover that this is a sign of infe
riority and contrary to tne message
of Jesus. In fact, these remarkable
mAA-na lannvAr tha oroof of the di
vinity of Jesus in the fact that he
taught what they teacn wmcn no am
not. Nothing less than deity could
possess a penetration equal to theirs
convincing proof of their own modesty.
For critical and traditional reasons
a Presbvterlan) I
cannot find satisfaction ir. Catholicism
or the evangelistic secta, although I
believe they express reality in their
insistence on the ascetic ana uuainiic.
the heroic and transcendant. If the
npo9fh,rR want me. and I believe I
speak for many others, to listen to
them, let them develop some modern
equivalent for the eschatologlcal, revo
lutionary expectation 01 jcsub aauia
uumn T t laast and I am not al
together ignorant of modern processes
of sophistication am convinced that
these Utopian instincts are an inerad
icable Inheritance of humanity.
LJ. J! luunu.
PLACE NOT FIT FOR WHITE MEN
Oregon Man Finds Isle of Plnea Test
Ridden and Unhealthy.
TT A tt A M A nnhA .Tunn B. fTo the Ed
itor.) As a humane man I will ask you
to print tnls aDout tne isie da mra
and help me to expose the conditions
The Isle of Pines, In the West Indies,
has been boyfht up by land specula
tors, who are advertising It widely in
the states as a tropical paradise and
selling land unsight unseen to many
people. Hundreds of American families
have been ruined, both financially and
physically, by going to the island.
I have Just returned from there, and
I declare It is not a fit place for white
1 - iivA ThA land is nearly all
a sand bed, with streaks of coar.se
gravel. There is haroiy any son wormy
of the name. It Is necessary to fertil
ize extensively and continuously in or
der to grow anything at all. Grape
fruit and pineapples are grown and
marketed only at a loss. All over the
Island are hundreds of homes that nave
been deserted and left to go to waste
after hundreds and In some cases thou
sands of dollars and years of toil were
spent on them. Now they can't be sold
for the price of the wild land. There
is no water fit to drink, and nothing
1. a err'ntarn In thA Slimmer Oil aC-
count of the heavy rains that beat all
vegetation into tne grouno. mmt
practically no meat or milk or butter
a taaA frn- atnek. The land Is cov
ered with a wild sour wire grass that
stock: can t eat; a ku luiucu "
the Isle would starve to death.
There are numerous large snakes that
get to be as much as 15 feet long, and
they devour chickens and pigs. The
Insect pests are terrible, and they last
the year around and are very poison
ous. One woman I heard about lost the
sight of both eyes from Insect bltea
Often the Island Is swept by fierce
tropical storms that last for days and
destroy everything. The island Is not
American territory, and It never will
be. The people have no schools worthy
of the name, and no mall service that
can be depended on. The cost of living
is about twice as high as It is in the
I am coming back to the states to
try to prosecute the land companies for
using the U. S. malls for fraudulent
purposes, and I want the address of
everyone in the Northwest who has
bought land in the Isle of Pines, for
they have all been swindled.
I lived and practiced medicine In Mer
rill Or., before making this trip.
DR. A. J. CRAIO.
Hotel Savoy, Oakland. Cal.
MEETING HAND-PICKED VARIETY.
So Charges Nr. Blowers as to Hood
River Road Gathering-.
HOOD RIVER, Or., June 1. (To the
. v t in ThA nreflronlan that
rjtliwr,; A huiw " "
one of the most enthusiastic road meet
ings ever held In tnis county iimi aa
...ni tr at which about 100 repre
sentative 'orchardlsts were present.
There is no reason wuy n-m
should not have been enthusiastic. The
persons present were invited, and those
having the matter in charge very care
fully refrained from inviting anyone
who was not in sympathy with the
movement. Very easy to hold an en
thusiastic meeting when sucn proceo
ure was followed. In fact, I suppose
that an enthusiastic meeting might be
held to hang all the Judges and officers
of the law In the state if the proper
care was exercised in Issuing the invi
tations. I am told by one gentleman who ln-
i . h.lnff nrARAnt- thOUBTh in -
formed by the secretary of the Com
mercial Club that it was a
meeting, that by actual count there
were 48 present and in the language
of our esteemed friend "Bill" Hanley,
they were "hand picked." N
c ...roiin thAV all ale-ned the bond
election petitions. That is exactly what
they were mere tor.
Tt.i. i. thA situation. The nrudent
citizens who kept out of debt and did
not indulge in any nign nnancienus
when times were good object now to
having their homes bonded and them
selves treated like a lot of Mexican
peons for the benefit of tne recxiess
m imnrovident. Some of us want to
stay In Hood River.
If Mr. Benson or any otner respon
sible person will bind himself, heirs
or assigns In proper legal form to com
plete the road the objection to voting
a $75,000 bond may disappear, but
n-AmlaAe rtraAt corner soaalD
and informal letters hinting that we
will receive assistance are nui euiii-
cient, and in my humble opinion will
not be accepted at face value by the
intelligent voters of this county.
LAWRENCE N. BLOWERS.
WHAT IT MEANS TO DECORATE CAR
To Mitt lTUe In Floral Parade Means
Cost of Time and Money.
PORTLAND, Or.. June II. (To the
Editor.) Referring to the article In
The Oregonian June 14. by "Subscriber
and Prise Winner of Former Tears In
the Rose Festival," I wish to say that
I do not believe this person has given
a great deal of thought to the Im
portance of our Rose Festival and
If our parades were constituted of
vehicles decorated In rosea only. It
would eliminate 60 per cent ot the
competition, as It Is Impossible for
them to obtain sufficient roses, and
would also eliminate the use of hun
dreds of other beautiful flowers that
are In abundance and are as slitniflcent
of Portland as the rose Itself. Our
carnival la known as the Rose Festival,
but the parade always has been and
always should be known as the floral
In reply to his question "why should
one Individual receive first prise year
after yearl" would like to suggest that
the writer of this article come out and
compete against us. We enter for
competition and invite It. It seems
lmpossi6Te-to think a person so foolish
as to ask such a question when the
only way possible to further a carnival
and parade is to get as many entries
as possible In the different features
and this certainly cannot be done by
elimination. One and all persons cer
tainly have an equal chance.
I grant the Jeffery's cars have won
their share of prizes and personally
feel that we had no competition, but
until we are fairly beaten by one that
surpasses ours we certainly are entitled
The average person knows little of
the time and expense required to put
In a winning machine. This year our
prise awards amounted to $100 for the
grand prise and 150 for the Automo
bile Club prise. Our cost for ma
terials and Incidentals alone will exceed
$100. This does not Include any of the
expense for the trip to Government
Camp after flowers, upon which trip
we completely ruined one tire cost
Previous years our car has cost about
$100 and our reward has been silver
cups In actual- value of less than $30.
Now this does not Include any Items
whatsoever tor labor and our personal
work which required 13 of my family
and friends working on the car from
SAM. until the time of the parade.
To put a car In the floral parade
does not mean work and expense only,
but also the use of your car for several
days at Just the t'me of the year
when the majority of people want to
use It- It Is my opinion that people
who have entered a car continuously
in our floral parades most certainly
have been public spirited people, work
ing for the cause of a greater Rose
Festival and have done their share to
make the automobile parade a grand,
I am a booster for the automobile
parade of our carnival and feel that It
will be one of the greatest features
of our carnival week and to this extent
I have given two weeks of my time for
each year In the past three years and
an expenditure of personal funds that
run Into four figures, and It seems to
me that to change the plan would be
What we require now Is more entries
and keener competition and this lack
of selflshnesa The majority of people
are Inclined to wait until parade time
then enter their machine with a flag
and some withered ferns on It and be
cause they do not win a prise, proceed
to criticise the management and Judges
for the awards they have made.
O. K. JKKKERT.
BEKGER IS READ OUT OK PARTY
Contributor Declares Wisconsin lis
Congressman Mot Socialist.
PORTLAND, June II. (To the Kdl
tor.) Your editorial referring to Vic
tor Berger as a Socialist Is all right In
every way, except that Mr. Uei Ker can
not properly be classed as a (Socialist
He Is a politician looking for votes and
these votes are supposed to get him
power and place. He is a natural-born
autocrat and in reality has about as
much faith In the capacity of the work
ing people to govern themselves as
the Czar of Russia.
Berger says Rockefeller Is not to
blame for the Colorado outrages, be
cause Rockefeller Is only "part of the
system." This theory comes In very
conveniently at times to excuse "big
business" and to explain crime. Thus
Berger has told us Socialists dozens
of times that criminals ore the result
of the "capitalist system." and placed
in another environment that they would
be good citizens. In other words, they
are not to be personally held responsi
ble, being only victims of misfortune
and hardship. This Is a good line ot
talk for Berger to put up when look
ing for votea It appeals to the sym
pathies of the working people.
But what does Berger do when he
Is elected to Congress? Does he apply
his theory In the bills he proposes?
Not much. Berger Introduced Into the
lower House an old-age pension bill,
but It had a provision that made It
Inapplicable to persons who had served
terms In a penitentiary.
I ask why this unfair dealing with
ex-convicts if they are, in Berfcr's
opinion, only victims of economlo mis
fortune? Either Berger's theory Is
wrong or his bill was a Joke. In
either case he ought to square his
deeds and his words. But what poli
tician ever does that?
Deer Is Pet.
BUXTON, Or., June 17. (To the Edl.
tor.) On page 14 In Tuesday's Orego
nian appears an article about a deer
wandering Into Tom McParlane's yard
In Buxton. I wish to correct this arti
cle, having been present at tha time
It was caught.
Last Fourth of July the baby fawn
was brounlit In by Oscar Shlffer amidst
a crowd enjoying themselves at Timber,
Or. It has been housed and fed ever
since except at Intervals going Into
the woods, where none of the hunting
dogs In that vicinity bother It
The deer has a big cowbell around
Its neck and was driven Into town In
front of Fire Warden Schmidllng and
put In Tom McParlanes yard, wnere
it left last night. Oscar Shlffer was
down In quest of It today. The deer
has been the center of attraction be
tween here and Timber one year next
Fourth and eats from the hands of
strangers. It Is already a prlvlloged
pet MRS. R. H. BULLOCK.
Prices Paid for Coins.
PORTLAND. June II. (To the Edi
tor.) Please tell If there Is a premium
on the following coins: Fllver l-cent
piece, dated 1841; copper l-cent piece,
dated 1866; copper Canadian 1 cent,
1869; copper 1 cent, eagle on one ride,
1857. E. M.
Collectors pay from t to. 0 cents
for some of the coins listed. Send an
Impression to some dealer or write to
Scott Stamp A Coin Co., New York.
Baseball I'snplre Named.
(Kansas City Journal.
"Luella, I don't want you to associ
ate with Mrs. Wombat any more. To
day I beard her husband called a
"Now. ma. you are In too big a hurry.
Mr. Wombat Is no thief. He Is a very
Looking for a Bank.
Mrs. Johnson Jes' hide youah money
In a Bible, Mis' Jackson. Nobody even
looks In a Bible, you know.
Mrs. Jackson (with a gasp) Oh.
Lawd! I'd lose It suah! Men ole man's
ve'y religious an' reads de Bible twice
Twenty-F.ve Year Ago
From The Oregonian of June U, 1.
Philadelphia. June II. The prohibi
tion amendment to the constitution i
deleated by a majority of about JOS.tet.
Baker City. June II Judse leer to.
day sentenced Clinton lnnlntoa to
be hanged on August I for the murder
of Charles Balrom.
Fulem. June II. The Tolk CotiMy
Bank filed articles todsy; capital stoca.
100.000: Incorporators. I). T. Manler, T.
O. Walker, A. B. Urtags. J. M. I'oere'.i.
E. Bldwell and Lyman Damon.
The seventeenth annual reunion ft
the Oregon 1'loneer Association naa
held In this city yesterday. Fred It.
Strong arte.! as grand marshsl. r. K.
Arnold. II. Oreen and l. HurnsKle, ss
aides. Tito procession was heeded tr
the First Kealment Band and l'svl.1
Crawford, carrying the tsnnr of the
sssoclatlon. The oMest In line were:
IK24. Dr. M. C. McKay; UJJ. Oeorae
V. Ebberds; 134. V. li. Gray and I 'on.
aid McKay; 1I3S, J. 8. Orlfftn. "quire
Kbberts. 8. B. I'arrleh. Oenrge W. Kb
berts. D. B. Gray: lUO. Mrs. Caroline
l-ooney. William Abernethy, Mrs. J. H.
McClane. 3. A. Parrleh; 141, Mis C. 1.
Hood. Samuel Williams; U4l. Mnlorm
Crawford. J. R. Robh. 1". X. Matthleu. II.
Glrty; 14I. J. T. lienibree. J. H. Mr
Clane. Hiram Btralght. Martin Payne.
John Hobson; 1144, John Mlnto and II
The Orand Fnrampment of Indian
War Veterans met yesterday, f. t".
Shaw, vice-grand commander, presid
ing. Comrades J. 11. MrMlllen, P. K.
Castleman and M. K. Hathaway wore
appointed to tender to Colonel W. W .
Chapman sympathy In his great afflic
tion. Comrades H. XI. Che. John Kel
say. J. McMIUen. J. B. Walt and 1
baughlln were appointed a committee
on constitution and by lawn
William Gray died at Ms home. 1"
Hood street, yesterday. Ha wa asso
ciated wtth his brother In the boot and
Among those who were In the pio
neers' procenlnn ere Secretary of
Ptate George W. McBrlde and Hate
Printer Frank C. Hsker. Both wero
born In Oregon In lf4 and yesterday
was Mr. Baker's thirty-fifth birthday.
The closing exercises of the High
School will take place Friday evening.
Miss Mabel Haselilne will deliver the
valedictory and Miss Bailie Macs the
salutatory. Following are tha gradu
ates: Misses Nellie Bain, l-aina North,
rop. Ldnelta Chara, Clara Clark, '.da
Shockley, Annie Farrell, rarrle Hay
den, Ida Brownton, Alice Wells, Agnes
A I A .n. XIabaa I'nrA Kill d AT.
Jessie Wlllard, Lettle reterson. There
locum, Kditn loung. nessio rewen.
Zulette Ilolman and Master John Wal
lace. The Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. K. L
Thorpe died very suddenly Monday.
Louis Paquet Is constructing a steam
er for Buchanan Co. to run on the
La Camas and Washougal route.
Forest Grove, June II On Kalurday
evening the pupils of the murlcsl de
partment gave a public recital. There
were three candidates f'-r graduation:
Miss Day Fmlth. Mrs. Dr. Ward and
Miss Kthel Merryman.
The marrlnge of Frank O. Norlhmp,
elde-t son of the late K. J. Northrun,
and Miss Mary Rlner was solemnised at
the Taylor-street M. K. Church last
nlsht by Rev. Alfred Kummer.
The steam motor for the Hawthorne
avenife railway has arrived from Chi-
Features For J
300 Miles in Ilour.
Wave cushions for track r
tlie sturtlinff ivoMiuility ut for
ward by JrVrnoh inventor who is
demonstrating: that trains may
cross continent in a lew hmir
one of these dsys.
What is the true American Pt
Are you representative tif it T Tb
matter ii being made the gubji-ft
of extended inquiry by nieniifie
investigators and the record of
their novel work is piven a full
psjje in colors.
Paper Yonr Own Boudoir.
That is the latest, and now the
humble paperhanger is feel-rij the
encroachments of faohinn. An in
teresting front-papj frstiire. in
Exploring the Earth.
This exploration expedition
delves down into the center of the
earth. A record of intricate
achievement. Illustrated with
Wonder, of... Science. . .
An illustrated pane.' devoted to
the very latest discoveries and re
markable tacts in the realms of
aoientil'ie investigation. An inter
esting and instructive page.
A New Fisher Seriea.
Harrison Fisher, the famous il
lustrator, takes up a new American
girls' aerie Sunday, "The Ameri
can Girl Abroad." The firt pic
ture, presented in black and white
with all Fisher' censummat
charm, show the American girl
"On the Thamea at Henley."
An Orejrnnian corrpondMit in
Northern Mexico writes of the
mounted warriors of Mexico. They
are now the loading force in Ihn
stricken country, be finds. Il
lustrated with action photographs.
Does your wife or eister tell
themt The women who tell while
lie and pnle blue exonerations
are dissected by Kita Kw.
Settling With Bogga.
A short etory about a claim
agent' dangerou interview and
the happy thought that pro
Some interesting facts about
them are a feature of the C'luld
ren'a page, hich baa a number of
illustrated torif and special ar
ticles. New Comic reatnre.
Uncle Jim, Tad and Tim anj the
district achool are the subject of
two new-color comics which are
ure to make a hit. Trace out the
ingenious, if mischievous, devices
pf the youngster in the district
Many Other Teatura.
Order early of your newadealer.