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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 12, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONTAN, FRIDAY, JUNE IS, 1914.
California Commission Aims
Shafts at Tipping, Which
IDEA DECLARED REVOLTING
Orricial Dissatisfaction With Re
forms Thus Far Inaugurated
BAN FRANCISCO, June 11. "Can a
man live on $25 a month?"
"Our pay rate is based on the as
sumption that the traveling' publio is
willing to contribute something toward
the support of those -who serve its com
forts." In that question by Commissioner
Loveland. of the State Railroad Com
mission, and the answer by Richmond
Dean, general manager of the Pullman
Company, were summed up today the
Commission's reasons ror Its absolute
dissatisfaction, frankly expressed by
Commissioner Eshleman, presiding,
with the reforms instituted by the com
pany in its California service.
Uniform Service Demanded.
"My mind is made up," declared
Eshleman, looking straight at Dean.
"Tour company is not doing right by its
porters, nor by the American public.
You are 'passing the buck' to the Com
mission, and if it lies within the power
of this Commission to force your con
cern to give the people of this state
adequate and uniform service, and to
Its porters a living wage, the Commis
sion will certainly do so."
Mr. Eshleman's statement was made
after Manager Dean and the Pullman
Company's g-eneral counsel, G. B. Ker
nald, had sought to prove that the cor
poration had done a great deal to im
prove the service and that its porters
were better paid than similar employes
of any other company,
made to do right remains to be seen,"
Mr. Eshleman went on. "It is not your
privilege to say the men are satisfied
just because they work. The public
is paying for your service and it is en
titled to get service. It does not make
any difference whether you know the
American public tips or not, it is your
"The Pullman Company is not doing
right by its porters. Whether it can be
duty to pay your porters a living wage.
"If you are not paying your porters
what they are entitled to in order to
render adequate service to the public
and you allow your porters to accept
tips which the public is forced to pay to
get service, you are taking money to
which you are not entitled."
Attitude Declared Revolting.
Commissioner Eshleman ' declared
Manager Dean's attitude was "revolt
lng." It went, he thought, to the root
of the complaints against the company,
both from its employes and the travel
ing public, and explained why the list
of reforms, betterments and measures
of relief and promotion submitted were
found of less weight than the continu
ance of one evil the tipping system.
In a word. Commissioner Eshleman
found the company willing to make any
Improvement that did not cost money,
and that, he said, was not enough to
convince the Commission that a sincere
effort' was being made to meet half
way its recommendations for the cor
rection of abuses.
"You can't stop tipping," argued Mr.
Dean, "when the public can get better
service by tips. It's human nature to
bid for gijod service."
Minimum Tip Suggested.
Commissioner Eshleman suggested
that a minimum tip might be pre
scribed. General Manager Dean replied
that the company had considered put
ting out placards which should rjad:
"Customers are not supposed to give
tips. Employes are not prohibited
from accepting tips. But employes
are prohibited from soliciting tips."
Consideration for the feelings of the
commission had dictated the suppres
sion of the placards. Commissioner
Eshleman admitted that the commis
sion would have considered them offen
sive because, he believed the publio
would have interpreted them to mean
that the commission acquiesced in the
practice of tipping.
The exchange became more personal.
"Mr. Dean, would, you want to take
part of your - salary in gratuities?"
asked Commissioner Eshleman.
Manager Would Accept Tips,
"Yes," answered Mr. Dean, "if they
were received under the same condi
tions that obtain in the service of
the Pullman) Company.
Then our standards of patriotism
are vitally different," rejoined the com
missioner. "A man is entitled to what
is right and what he earns. Your
idea is revolting to me. I want ' my
money when and in the amount 1
"These practices will bring about
an ultimate settlement much severer
than would ordinarily result. Mr. Dean
my mind, is absolutely made up on this
question. I frankly confess it is not
Mr. Dean answered that although the
company nau no effective competition
ii Buuiuiaie ii, nevertneiess it was
ahead of its competitors, such as thev
were. It had spent more money for
equipment man tney, he said. Forty
lour per cent of its cars were all
eceei, wnicn was ahead of the per cent
owned by any of the railroads. The
company paid higher wages than anv
of its competitors. Eighty per cent of
its employes who left it applied for
Minds Fall to Meet.
Some men, commented Commis
sioner Eshleman, "want to get back
into jalL Our minds don't meet on
this question. You don't want to act
on our suggestions. True, you don't
l ave to comply, but this commission
win take every step possible to im
prove the service."
Mr. Dean protested that the com
rany was honestly doing its best to
i.-r.prove its service, which it kept as
uniform as it could, and that any
atcempi to make it appear other
wise was unfair.
Complaints Are Summarised
The Commission summarized the
complaints against the Pullman Com
pany as follows:
1. Double Belling of berths and fail
tire to honor telegraphic reservations,
2. Overheating cars.
3. Favoritism in allotting lower
berths to passengers who tip the con-
4. The reservation of lame numbers
of berths on high-class trains by hotel
porters, who sell them at a profit.
6. Less attention pajd to women
than men because men tip more lib
erally. 7. Dirty tourist cars.
8. Inferior attention in tourist cars
because tips are smaller.
"We feel," replied the company to
day through its counsel, "that the Com
mission has based its report on inac
curacies and unreliable information,
and we come now to ask a modification
of that report, based on the evidence
we are going to submit.
Improvements) Are Outlined.
Since April this "is what the com
pany has done:
1. Given receipts for reservations.
2. Arranged that reservations may
be made at 200 intermediate Cali
fornia stations, where formerly they
were not procurable.
S. Devised a system to avoid dupli
4. Forbidden subordinate salaried
officials traveling on passes from
sleeping in lower berths.
In addition it was submitted that to
its 6500 porters and 2500 conductors
the company, "of its own initiative
and not because of any effective com
petition," pays higher wages than any
of its rivals.
That it has a relief department which
makes on an average ana mommy aia- p. tiry
bursements. amounting to about $40.-:Ol(JD
That after 15 years of service it pays
its conductors a 4 per cent Increase
and its porters a per cent increase.
That a year of perfect service is re
warded with a bonus of a month s salary.
That after 30 years employes are
eligible to pensions. ,
That 80 per cent of the employes
who leave it seek reinstatement.
That it spends more money for mod
ern equipment tnan the railroads or
That its service in California was
fully up to that given in the remainder
of the country.
None of these things nor all of them
weighed in the balance with the Com
mission against the company's admis
sion that its wage system was based
as a whole on tips discounted in ad
In only one particular did the Com
mission retire from its stand. When
General Manager Dean explained that
subordinate salaried officials were no
longer permitted to occupy lower berths
while riding on passes Commissioner
Eshleman interrupted promptly:
"I am sorry if this Commission's
activities caused you to put your con
ductors Jn upper berths. I think you
ought to give your conductors and
porters decent sleeping places. They
have a hard enough time of It."
"An upper berth is a . good enough
place for anyone to sleep in." retorted
Mr. Dean. "Our rule is not a result
of the Commission's activities."
HEAT IN CHICAGO
Slight Relief Comes After Day
of Suffering With Air
PARTY'S RANK IS ISSUE
PROGRESSIVES WANT VOTES
THREE TICKETS COUNTED.
Colorado Republicans Insist on De
duction of "Roosevelt" and "Bull .
Moose" Ballots From Total.
DENVER, June 11. Jesse F. Mc
Donald, chairman of the Republican
State Central Committee, and E. P.
Costigan, a Progressive leader, today
requested Attorney-General Farrar to
pass on the question whether the Re
puDiicans or Progressives are the sec
ond party in size In Colorado. On final
decision of the controversy hinges the
right to name election judges in cities
of 5000 or more to co-operate with
Democratic appointees at the coming
At the last general election Mr.
Costigan, who was a candidate for Gov
ernor, received more than 66.000 votes.
Clifford Parks, the Republican candi
date, received more than 63.000 votes.
The Republicans contend that th
vote received by Costigan waa divided
by three tickets; Progressive. Roose
velt and Bull Moose. The Progressives
hold that the three tickets named the
same candidates -and in reality .. were
branches of the same party now known
only as Progressive. At the hearing
today Chairman McDonald Insisted that
the "Roosevelt ' and "Bull Moose" bal
lots received by Mr. Costigan be sub
tracted from the total he received in
determining the rank of the Progres
sive party in Colorado.
ERUPTION IS CHEMICAL
FOREST SUPERVISOR EXPLAINS
ACTIVITY OF LA5SE.V.
Boulders Weighing Ton Ejected by Ac
tlon of Water on Lime or Acid,
Says Official Report.
Temperature at Cincinnati Goes to
Xearly 100, Font Persons Suc
cumb and Work on Build
ings Is Suspended.
CHICAGO, June 11. (Special.)
Weakened by the heat, which has killed
14 persons in this city in the last four
days, six additional victims died to
day, only a few hours after the weath
er bureau had declared the end of the
heat wave was at hand. Even while
policemen were carrying the body of
one victim to the morgue, a cool breeze
from the lake swept over the city. The
first victim of the day was Edward Ru
bottom. 56 years old, a telegraph oper
ator for the Pennsylvania Railroad,
who fell dead when he reported for
duty this morning.
Fitful breezes from the lake brought
some relief and much hope that the
torridity would be lessened, ' but by
2 o'clock this afternoon the mercury
was again hitting the high places and
the fireworks were again in full blast.
Official forecasters explained that the
winds had veered to the southwest and
there will be no relief until they veer
Humidity Is High.
The heat was not so Intense as on
the first two days of the present
siege, but the humidity was high, mak
ing everything "sticky" and murky
and caused difficulty in breathing.
Reports from down state and ad
joining states tell of much suffering
from the heat. In this city the bath
ing beaches and parks were densely
populated and the ghetto and other
congested districts dispensed. with
clothes, so far as children were conr-
Among the delegates attending the
National Federation of Women's Clubs
there was considerable complaint of
weather conditions, more especially on
the part of visitors from the South and
West, who cannot endure the humidity.
The majority of the women, however,
managed to keep cool, as they are
dressed for hot weather, while filmy
clothing predominates. Government
forecasters predicted slightly cooler
weather during the night and a fur
ther drop in temperature tomorrow,
providing the winds shift from the
southwest to the lake.
Four Die In Cincinnati.
At Cincinnati thermometers gradual
ly rose today to near the 100 mark,
causing untold suffering, four deaths
and 30 prostrations. Work on several
large steel buildings had to be sus
pended following several workmen be
ing prostrated, one falling to his death
from the sixth story. The only ray of
hope offered by the weather bureau
is that unsettled weather may prevail
At Evansville, Ind., Adam Wagner, a
farmer, while working in his field,
was overcome by the beat and fell
dead behind the plow. The body was
found later by one of his sons. He is
survived by a large family.
Harvey Greeg, a young business man,
was prostrated by the heat and is in
a serious condition. Several other
prostrations were reported.
The Government kiosk at Evansville
snowed 110 degrees at 2 o'clock this
afternoon, this being the hottest day
of the year. A 'hard rain fell between
6 and 7 o'clock tonight, which lowered
the temperature several degrees.
BEFORE you out-of-town men get away, come in
and see these wonderful Twenty and Twenty
five Dollar Suits at Ben Selling's!
Just this week we received a lot of new pencil stripes
in blues and blacks. A multitude of other smart
patterns in grays, blues, tans.
Suits from Stein-Bloch and Atterbury System that would ordi
narily sell at higher prices. Models for young men, business
men. men with narticular whims to crratifv.
See this special Rose Festival Week display at
$20 and $25
its nen if its smart in StraVf Hats, you nnll be
sure to find it here! -High crowns, in rough braids,
pearls, Milans, sennets, etc Panamas and Bangkoks.
Exclusive Agents for
Brewer Straws $3,00 Dtmlap Straws $5.00
Sale Prices on
All Boys' Suits
Visiting parents here for Rose Festival Week should know of thene
extraordinary savings at Ben Selling's on all Boys' Wash Salts
and Knickerbocker Suits.
$ 5.00 Norfolk Suits at $ 3.95
' $ 6.60 Norfolk Suits at $ 5.10
$ 7.60 Norfolk Suits at $ 5.95
$10.00 Norfolk Suits at $ 7.85
$15.00 Norfolk Suits at $11.85
$1.00 Wash Suits, special, ' 75
$1.50 Wash Suits, special, $1.15
$2.50 Wash Suits, special, $1.95
$3.00 Wash Suits, special, $2.25
$5.00 Wash Suits, special, $3.95
Extra Special One Lot $5 to $70 Boys Double-Breasted Suits, $20
Morrison at Fourth
BUSINESS BASIS SOUND
VAXDERLIP ADVISES VIEWING
ALBANY WILL PAVE STREET
SAN FRANCISCO, Juno 11. In the
opinion of Supervisor Rushing:, of the
United States Forestry Service, the
eruptions of Mount Lassen are not
truly volcanic, but are "the result of
water reaching a bed of chemicals,
such as lime or acid, that creates
"The blowouts," he continued, writ
ing from Mineral, CaL, under date of
June 9, "are caused by the caving in
of the sides of the vent, plugging it
up. The steam then generates suffi
cient pressure to throw out the plug."
rtanger .Harvey Abbey, who investi
gated the crater on May 31, after the
first eruption of May 30, found the
crater to be a hole 25 by 40 feet and of
"Sand, rocks as large as a sack of
flour, and mud had been ejected," con
tinues the letter. "The heavier ma
terial was thrown over an area 300 feet
across, while the ash or cement-like
material was scattered over an area
a quarter of a mile across. The sandH
thrown out was granite in character
and sharp and contained mica. No mol
ten material was thrown out at . all.
"At 8:05 A. M. June 1 a second out
burst occurred, throwing out large
quantities of the same material. Some
boulders weighing all of a ton were
thrown out. The vent was enlarged to
60 by 275 feet. The fumes escaping
were said by Forest Assistants Boerker
and Macomber to be arsenic, hydro
chloric acid and sulphur. . At no time
have we been able to see any flame
or indication of fire."
Supervisor Rushing writes that he
has been moved to send his observa
tions because of the wild stories circulated.
Accepted la for Thoroughfare
That Is Part of Pacific Highway.
ALBANY. Or.. June 11. (Special.)
The City Council accepted the bid of,
the Asphaitic Machinery Company, of
Seattle, for the paving of Ninth street
at an adjourned meeting tonight.
There has been a controversy over
the paving of this street. The cheap
est pavement that has been laid was
put down at a cost of $1.50 per square
yard. The property owners along Ninth
street were not satisfied with this price
and submitted a petition asking for
competitive bids. The bid of the
Asphaitic Machinery Company is $1.15
per square yard.
An ordinance will be passed author
izing the Council to award the contract
at the next meeting.
Ninth street is a part of the Pacific
Highway and is a much-traveled
Banker Say If Faycaolosieal Factor
Were EUmlaated, Bis; Crops
Would Instil Optimism.
NEW LONDON, Conn, June 11.
Frank A. Vanderlip, in an address be
fore the New Tork Bankers. Associa
tion here today, said he believed the
present business depression was large
ly due to a state of mind.
"The obstacles in the way of busi
ness recovery may perhaps be truly
described as psychological," he said,
"and still be a manifestation of sound
business sense in apprehending the
true meaning of the political-economic
He said the question people were ask
ing now. was not how crops would de
velop, or what fundamental conditions
were underlying business, but how
new laws would work and what other
new laws, would be passed. He con
tinued: "If such psychological factors could
be eliminated for a moment and the
old view taken, we would see looming
large the prospect of a great agricul
tural yield, giving promise in some di
rections of bumper crops, now almost
"I believe if business men will get
themselves into a state of mind where
they view conditions broadly, with a
historical and social sense, rather than
only from their individual point of
view, they will apprehend better the
direction in which the whole current of
political thought is flowing, and will
feel less impatience with this legis
lative movement and vastly less pessi
mistic concerning its results." .
whom the employers said they had a
contract, first resulted in the declara
tion of a lockout, but before it went
into effect an agreement to arbitrate
By the terms of the arbitrators
award, the painters will receive an in
crease of 25 cents a day, or $4.75 for
eight hours. They asked $5.
Nine Graduate at Military School.
A class of nine boys was graduated
from Hill Military Academy last night.
C. N. McArthur delivered the gradua
tion address. The following were the
graduates: Lynn C Bigelow, Moscow,
Idaho; Erlol C. Brlggs, New Westmin
ster, B. C; Brubaker N. Hutchinson,
Portland; Ralph A. Ramsay, Van
couver, B. C. : Richard B. Stlnson. Port
land; Adolph L. Frledenthal, Portland:
Brooks L. Pendleton, Everett, Wash.:
Jacob A. Rlsley, Milwaukee, Or., and
Leonard T. Woodland. Portland.
CRIME'S SECRET KEPT
NAVY PAYMASTER PUNISHED) REC
ORDS ARK WITHHELD.
Neither DeMla of Gnllt Nor Insrta of
Seaten.ce Revealed, Bat Error
Mar GIto New Trial.
SAN FRANCISCO, June 11. (Spe
cial.) No prisoner ever has been ad
mitted to the Paciflo branch of the
United States military prison on Alca
tras Island with as much secrecy as
has Edward M. Chase, formerly a pay
master's clerk in the Navy and now a
Government convict sentenced to serve
for a long term for a crime pronounced
I "unprintable" by Navy officials. The
gates of the prison have Just elosoA
on Chase and with their closing the
records in the case also seem to havo
been locked away beyond the sight of
men. Nothing will bo given out as to
the exact nature of his offense or the
length of his sentence.
All that is known is that Chase got
into trouble when he was stationed
at Tutuila. Samoa, an Island said to.
number only seven white women among
its population. It is said unofficially
that before a courtmartlal last October
Lflve Samoan girls appeared against
Probably Chase would have been in
carcerated and forgotten by the outside,
world until his sentence had expired
were it not that certain errors in the
original trial have been discovered and
because ot these the case probably will
bo reopened and Chase be tried again
before a courtmartlal.
Successful wireless telephoning has been
carried on In Germany and Austria over a
distsnee of 800 miles.
LOCKOUT IS ARBITRATED
General Cessation In San Francisco
Building Trades Averted.
SAN FRANCISCO. Juno 11,
threatened lockout by the Building
Trades Employers' Association of all
construction workers employed in San
Francisco has been satisfactorily
settled, according to announcement to
day, by arbitration. A demand for
higher wages by the painters, with
MUNICIPAL DOCK IS USED
Cannery Supplies Arriving by Rail
for Shipment to Alaska Plants.
Rail freight arriving from the East
and Columbia River wbasin points is
being assembled on Municipal Dock No.
1 for shipment on the Portland-Alaska
fleet, and, in addition to several cars
unloaded there, 16 others are en route.
Besides cannery supplies from the
plant of the American Can Company,
adjoining the dock, are being handled
over It to the Alaska vessels.
- There was no session of the Com
mission of Publio Docks yesterday
owing to a lack of a quorum. Rose
Festival attractions proving too strong
for all but F. W. Mulkey. chairman
of the Commission, and Ben Selling
A meeting will be held early in the
J. A. llafer Convicted.
OREGON CITY, Or., June 11. (Spe
cial.) J. A. Hafer was convicted by
a Jury in the Circuit Court this even
ing on a charge Involving, it is alleged,
his daughter, Mrs. Charles Hobertson.
He will be sentenced Saturday morn
ing by Circuit Judge Campbell.
Go to the Arcadian Garden
After the Electrical Parade
See the great Parisian spectacle,
"BALLOON NIGHT." The fun and
excitement will be a fitting finale to the
great Festival Week. The balloons used for
this event axe specially imported and will be pre
sented, together with special Rose Festival Souvenirs,
to everyone present.
Special ISdusical Program in the
Ytt 1 I
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