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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 6, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 6, 1914.
Entered at Portland, Oregon, Poetofflca
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JOBlLAXD, SATURDAY, JOE 6 1814.
PARTY EECSIOX OR BOSS RULE.
Colonel Roosevelt's statements that
lie has work to do in the Nerw York
campaign find that he will continue
the war on the bipartisan ma
chine of Barnes and Murphy makes
New York more than usually the cen
ter of political Interest this year.
There are some symptoms of a get
together spirit among both Republi
cans and Progressives, although the
latter party keeps up a show of firm
ness lest it be suspected of feeling
dire need of the other's help, and al
though the Republican machine Is
still dominated by the boss, who
stifles the fuslonists.
Many Progressive leaders, includ
ing the Colonel, evince a. disposition
to join hands with the anti-machine
Republicans in electing a ticket hos
tile to Mr. Barnes. There was some
talk of their nominating Colonel
Rooseveit for Governor, but he has
thrice affirmed that he will not be a
candidate. There was then a dispo
sition to Indorse Harvey I. H In man
Jf he should be nominated by the Re
publicans in defiance of Barnes, but
Colonel Roosevelt's declaration that
"right-minded people ought to act to
gether wttliout regard to ordinary
party differences" in an effort to de
stroy the machines was followed the
next day by Charles S. Whitman's
announcement of his candidacy for
the Republican nomination. One of
the Progressive leaders, Charles H.
Duel, sponsors the Whitman move
ment and quotes Colonel Roosevelt as
positively assuring it his support.
But Progressive leaders insist that
any candidate they indorse must be
thoroughly in sympathy with their
principles and they doubt whether
Mr. Whitman would make such a dec
laration, for ' they consider him too
nearly an out-and-out party Repub
lican. They also propose to make Re
publican indorsement of their nomi
nees for some offices a condition of
their support for the Republican nom
inee for Governor. They consider that
a Congressman or two and a few state
legislators in New York would greatly
strengthen their party's standing In
the country at large. Some of them,
led by George W. Perkins, oppose
any alliance and favor keeping in the
middle of the road. Others of the
more radical turn of mind are equally
opposed to Mr. Perkins' pro-corporation
proclivities and to the Repub
lican alliance. The more practical
minded, apparently including the
Colonel, see that they have no chance
of electing a straight Progressive
Governor, but believe their party
holds the balance of power and is in
a good position to bring about the
downfall of Mr. Barnes.
The Republican state committee,
however, shows no disposition to
dicker or to dispense with Mr. Barnes,
for it is still dominated by him. That
body called a state convention to meet
In August for the purpose of consider
ing the National committee's reor
ganization plan, recommending can
didates or delegates at large to the
constitutional convention and adop
tion of a platform, but when the anti
Barnes men, headed by Herbert Par
sons, proposed a resolution prohibit
ing the convention to name candidates
to be voted on at the direct primary
they were defeated by a vote of 162
to 181. Instead, there was added to
the purposes of the convention this
4. To transact such other business as
nay properly come before the convention.
, This was understood to leave the
convention Itself to decide whether it
could "wisely name a ticket for the
primaries. That resolution received
thesupport of the "old guard," which
was conspicuous by Its activity and
Influence, while the fuslonists were
conspicuous by their absence. No
mention of Mr. Whitman seems to
have been made, but Job Hedges
TiLa.de an open bid for nomination for
Governor and was warmly Indorsed
toy Senator Root.
Thus the Progressives bid for alli
ance with Independent Republicans to
dictate nominations and defeat
Barnes, while the old guard, confident
in its ability to gain the united sup
port of the party for Its ticket, ig
nores the Progressives. The latter
may be counting on the skill with
which, the twin bosses. Barnes and
Murphy, "fixed" the direct primary
laiw, or they may be counting with
out the disposition of the people to
use the direct primary as a weapon
to smash machines and slates.
Should the old guard control the con
vention and present a ticket at the di
rect primary, independent Republican
voters in concert with Progressives
may name Mr. Hinman or Mj. Whit
man against its wishes. In that case
the old guard, which never surren
ders, may die, and the way may be
opened for the return of Colonel
Roosevelt and his followers to a re
organized Republican party.
Thus it Is for the independent Re
publican voters to decide whether the
bosses shall ruin in order that they
may rule or whether the party shall
be reunited by the permanent retire
ment of these last relics of a discred
' GEORC BRANDES' VEEWS.
Georg Brandes, the great Danish
critic of literature and life, has
brought an extremely radical set of
opinions -with him to these shores.
Like Ellen Key, Anatole France and
many other leaders of European
thought, he detests compromises and
groes directly to the roots of every
question. Speaking of the numerous
divorces which sometimes horrify
superficial observers of American life,
he. says that he wishes there were
more. Nothing displeases him so
much as the sight of an ill-mated
couple straining at their matrimonial
Mr. Brandes also believes In woman
suffrage, but not with implicit faith.
He is of the opinion that women must
Justify their voting privilege by the
results I they attain. Affairs in Colo
rado do not seem to have been greatly
nullified by woman suffrage. And yet
an impartial critic must admit that
without it they might perhaps have
been -a great deal worse than they
are, dimcuTt'as that may appear. Our
three best novelists, according to Mr.
Brandes, are Upton Sinclair, Jack
London and Frank Norris. The two
former names remind one of Tolstoi's
opinion that Adin Ballou was the
greatest American who ever lived.
TEACHERS ASD MARRIAGE.
Marriage is, or ought to be, in It
self no reason for disqualification to
a teacher in the Portland public
schools. But the conditions of a par
ticular marriage may render the
services of such a married teacher inr
efficient or undesirable.
Is efficiency the sole test, without
regard to marriage? We think not.
Character is an element. So are the
outside ties, habits and associations
of a teacher. Such influences may or
may not have a direct bearing on the
instructor's work in the schoolroom;
but they have an unquestionable relation-
to his or her fitness to be a
monitor and instructor of the young.
The critics of the School Board's
plan to dispense with the services of
certain not all married teachers
plainly assume that it is none of the
Board's business whether any teacher
is or is not married. We think It is.
But we do not think marriage ought
to be an insuperable bar to em
ployment. A principal gets a good salary from
the district. He has a wife who is
employed as a teacher. They have
no children. We wonder if it will be
maintained that the School Board
must ignore outright such a situa
tion?' Should it continue to employ
a childless couple? Or should it ar
range matters so that a family may
be reared ?
The School Board has not set out to
dismiss married women who have de
pendent husbands. But it has seen
fit to take cognizance of the fact that
it has on its pay roll more than one
breadwinner in the same family, or
at least one breadwinner in a family
that has another breadwinner, or per
haps more than one other.
Probably the Board has made a
mistake In laying down any fixed rule
as to marriage; but it is no mistake
to reserve to itself the right to deter
mine whether marriage in any 'given
case is a disqualification.
THE BEAUTY OF FRIENDSHIP.
Reports of contributions to the
campaign funds of a certain candidate
in the recent Oregon primary reveal
Instances of touching devotion rarely
encountered in this- grubbing, ma
terial, workaday world. We may
thank the corrupt practices act for
thus teaching us that friendship is
not always shallow nor devoid of sac
rifice. There was one admirer who con
tributed $500 to aid a candidate to
successful nomination. It would not
be fair here to reveal his name. But
an acquaintance writes that this con
tributor has heretofore been unjustly
known in the community in which he
lives as a "tightwad." He Is now
working for a salary of J 100 per
When one imagines the depriva
tions that a man who makes but $100
per month must have suffered in or
der to provide J500 to gratify the po
litical ambition of a friend and learns
of the base reputation thereby ac
quired, one is almost moved to tears.
There is another man who is down
in the returns for a contribution of
several hundred dollars who, report
says, has not paid his board bill for
two months. It had been supposed
that lie was wasting his substance in
riotous pleasures. But the corrupt
practices act discloses how fearfuily
we sometimes misjudge our fellow
men. Surely there is no more beautiful
friendship , than that which Induces
one to incur the enmity of hi3 land
lady. There may be persons so unkind as
to say that possibly the candidate had
himself reported the expenditure of
hl3 legal allotment and that the con
tributions of his self-sacrificing
friends were his own. We prefer to
think otherwise. To hold such an
opinion makes necessary the suppo
sition that a candidate for office in
politically pure Oregon has not only
violated the election laws, but com
mitted perjury, and that two of his
supporters have been guilty of the
latter crime. We scorn such Imputa
tions, at least without additional evi
dence.. As ever, we pin our faith to
the good, the true and the beautiful,
even though they be grounded in
70TTI ANNIVERSARY OF
Y. M. C. A.
The Young Men's Christian Associ
ation was founded seventy years ago
today. The man in whose brain the
idea of such an association first took
shape was George Williams, a clerk
in the -firm of Hitchens & Rogers,
of Bridgewater, England. His influ
ence upon his associates was so re
markable that It has been called mir
aculous.' Under his guidance they
formed a little company in which the
very spirit of the Master seemed to
be alive and active.
Williams was continually asking
himself: "What can I do for these
young men?" meaning his fellow
clerks. During the seventy years that
have elapsed since that time the asso
ciation has never ceased to ask the
same question. Service, in the name
of the Master is its inspiration and
watchword. The first meetings were
held in an upper room of the house
where Williams and his companions
lived. In the beginning he had only
a single faithful helper. They prayed
and talked incessantly, never for an
instant losing sight of their purpose
to do good to their fellow-men.
When the spirit of Williams' meet
ings had once become apparent-they
grew rapidly in numbers and influ
ence. Who could oppose a work that
was so manifestly for the highest wel
fare of the world ? Williams "went to
his reward in 1905 after a long life of
extraordinary usefulness. He lived to
see the association which he had
formed extend over the whole world.
It has branches in fifty countries, with
more than 1,100,000 members. In
America, alone there are 600,000
members. Its buildings and equip
ment are valued at $115,000,000.
But figures give little conception of
the real Impression the Y. M. C. A.
has made upon the world. Its finest
temples are in the hearts of the men
whom it has benefited. Its educa
tional work is a boon to thousands of
young men. Its gymnasiums teach
the (wholesome gospel of exercise and
fresh air. Its religious precepts and
practice are drawn directly from the
teachings of the Savior. The Y. M. C.
A. builds its" structures in the lives of
men and counts Its wealth only in
terms of rescued and strengthened
OUR READING HABITS.
Europe is troubled as much as the
United States by the fear that fiction
will drive all other reading matter
out of existence. The French public
libraries, according to some late fig
ures, lend a great many more novels
than all other works together. And
most of the novels which are really
popular are trashy. The best patron
ized libraries in Europe are those of
Dresden, which loaned four books for
each individual of Its population last
year. The Paris libraries loaned
fewer volumes than those of Dresden
and only about one-sixth as many as
those of New York. Germany Is the
greatest book publishing country In
the world and its readers are the most
diligent, but still fiction leads even
there. The pessimists who prophesy
that all really good books will soon
disappear before the devastating host
of novels have therefore much to jus
tify their fears. But there is some
thing to be said to relieve their gloom.
Although novels are more popular
than solid works, even In Germany, it
does not follow that there is less seri
ous reading in that country than for
merly. Quite the contrary. There is
more reading of all kinds done. Fic
tion merely shares the popularity of
all literature. Heavy books never
have been loved by the multitude and
there is but slight prospect that they
ever will be. Yet there can. be no
question, that such works are more
read today than they were half a cen
tury ago. The general advance of
intelligence tfells at this point as it
does at every other. With ten times
as many readers in the world as for
merly, the demand for novels might
have doubled and trebled and still
serious reading might well have more
than held its own. This seems to be
the actual fact.
In the United States the rage for
fiction is quite as furious as in Eu
rope, but It Is only a superficial indi
cation of the taste of the reading
world. Novels satisfy the dozy. Indo
lent classes, which are unquestionably
very numerous, but there is another
considerable class whom they do not
satisfy. .These people ask for works
on economics, philosophy, politics and
so on at the libraries. The decay of
old-fashioned bookstores which is
proceeding apace does not Indicate
any lapse of the reading habit. Some
of them have given way to depart
ment stores, but most of them are
undoubtedly replaced by the public
-TMIBB PLOT" AND BOxH RUM.
A. communication from a British
army officer, published in another col
umn, well illustrates the confusion
produced in the mind of an obviously
honest man by a combination of race
prejudice, religious prejudice and
As to what Lieutenant Fry calls
"the Ulster plot," the facts appear to
be that the British government, know
ing that the Ulster Unionists were
armed and organized for the purpose
of resisting home rule and knowing
that that bill was likely soon to be
come law, took precautionary meas
ures to prevent or suppress armed
rebellion. It prepared to move troops
into the disaffected corner of Ulster.
Knowing that some, probably many,
of the officers were strongly opposed
to home rule. Colonel Seely, the Sec
retary for War, without consulting his
colleagues in the Cabinet, caused the
officers to be sounded as to their will
ingness to do the duty which would
be required of them. His motive may
have been two-fold to insure, that
operations in Ulster should be per
formed with loyalty to the govern
ment and with vigor, and to save offi
cers from having to perform service
wherein political conviction would
conflict with military duty.
Some of the officers preferred the
alternative of "resignation. In styling
them mutineers for so doing we may
have been harsh, but our corre
spondent is strangely at fault in styl
ing a "plot" the precautionary meas
ures, taken by lawful authority to pre
vent rebellion against a measure
which it had good reason to believe
would soon be law.
Lieutenant Fry attejnpts to show,
by deducting from the government's
majority the Irish Nationalist and
Labor votes, that home rule is not
supported by a majority, but surely
these two parties are composed of
voters in the United Kingdom and are
entitled to a voice in the decision.' The
decision lies not between Liberals and
Unionists, but between all parties; not
between the majority and minority of
the people of England, Scotland and
Wales, but between the majority a"nd
minority of the people of the whole
United Kingdom, including Ireland.
This majority, as represented in Par
liament, is for home rule. The Lib
eral party has been committed to that
policy since 1886; the Labor party
supports it, and it is the one purpose
of the Irish Nationalist party. The
last election was fought on the issue
of the Lords' veto of the Lloyd
George budget, but the Liberal and
Labor leaders were outspoken for
home rule and it was known that re
striction of the Lords' veto would ex
pedite that measure. When the peo
ple put the Liberal coalition in power
on that issue, it must be assumed that
they were prepared for all conse
quences of so doing. Including passage
of home' rule.
Lieutenant Fry asserts that the bulk
of the Irish people prefer government
by the Imperial Parliament in face
of the fact that ever since the days
Of Parnell four-fifths of the Irish
members in that Parliament have
been and still are home rulers. Surely
that Is the best guide.
As to milking Ulster, there are am
ple safeguards in the home rule bill
itself against inequitable taxation, as
well as against political or religious
discrimination. Limits are placed on
the powers of the Irish Parliament
and provision is made for keeping it
within those limits.
It is not proposed to force Ireland
or Ulster or any part of it out of the
empire or from under the British flag.
It ls'simply proposed to treat Ireland
as the national unit it actually is and
to strengthen its loyalty to the empire
by yielding to its national aspirations.
Self-government In Canada, Australia
and South Africa has not weakened
but has strengthened the loyalty of
those countries to the empire. So it
would be with Ireland under home
rule. The Oregonlan has no desire to
see the British empire weakened, for
the empire is sincerely admired by all
broad-minded Americans, but we do
believe that the evil results predicted
as likely to follow on Irish self-gov
ernment are phantoms of the imag
ination, kept alive by playing on re
ligious, political and race prejudice.
If directors are to be compelled to
make good corporate funds which
they have lent or given to one of their
number, who will wish to be a direc
tor? Rich men will shun director
ates as studiously, as they shun jury
duty, if the California Railroad Com
mission should extract that $1,096,000
from the United Railways directors
which they lent to Patrick Calhoun.
What an awful precedent that would
be for the New Haven directors to
contemplate. If it were to be gener
ally and successfully followed, the
swollen fortunes would look as
shrunken as a fat man convalescing
A great campaign will be waged in
Montana this Summer for and against
woman suffrage. The antis are flock
ing thither in myriads armed with
Jeers and the queer things which
they take for arguments. Home be
ing their proper and chosen sphere,
one would naturally suppose them to
be as forlorn inpolltics as a fish out of
water, but, as a matter of fact, they
take to it quite naturally. Which
moves one to ask how much genuine
sincerity there is in their campaign.
In the best 'class of exchanges
coming to The Oregonlan Is the
Brownsville Times, which has Just
rounded out twenty-flve years. The
Times fits Brownsville and the envi
ronment suits the paper. It is wor
thy pf mention that Editor F. M.
Brown has received high honors from
his neighbors, not the least of which
was election to the office of Mavni-
A good man, satisfied, is a credit to
There Is great anxiety In Italy lest
Lne- next .f ope snould turn out to be
more Interested in politics than re
ligion. If he were a politician he
might begin a course of Intrigue
against Italian unity and attempt to
re-establish the church's temporal
power. This is the reason -why the
Italian government dislikes foreign
cardinals. They might too easily be
persuaded to vote for a Pope hostile
to united Italy.
The new co-operative cannery at
Vancouver is stimulating diversified
farming throughout Clarke " County.
It provides a profitable market for
products which formerly went to
waste. When farmers can sell what
they produce at fair prices there is
no limit to their industry. When their
crops rot on the ground for want of
a market they are naturally dis
couraged. 'Men who have had experience with
a balky horse will grin when they
learn that two animals got what was
coming at Rldgefleld a day or two ago.'
Generally the obstreperous beast
chooses his time and place where
most humiliation can be heaped on
the driver; but in the case in point
the animals failed to consider the ap
proach of a fast passenger train.
Imports of wool this year aggregate
98,000,000 pounds under free trade,
against Imports of 38,000,000 pounds
last year. Despite absence of a tariff
and the great Increase in foreign pur
chases, the market rules high. Ore
gon woolgrowers will note how much
more they would have received if the
Wilson policy were not governing.
Catching her husband with another
woman, a Chicago matron promptly
forgave the intruder and gave her
money with which to return home.
Just what happened to the husband,
however, when she got him alone, is
The correspondent who demurs at
change of route of the electrical pa
rade from that of former years must
remember there are thousands of peo
ple along carlines who never enjoyed
A Boston trade paper says "new
season underwear is gradually being
shown." People on the Atlantic shore
must pay more attention to climatic
conditions than folk out here.
The suffragette who sank on her
knees with an entreaty was not a true
militant. Otherwise she would' have
entangled her fingers In the imperial
Villa has been reduced by Carranza
to second in command. Sowing the
seeds for future revolutions when the
present one succeeds.
But can't Carranza ece that if. he
doesn't Join In the harmless media
tion talkfest he may have his ammu
nition supply cut off?
The seesaw between McNarv and
Benson is settled by thirteen votes and '
in this case there 13 nothimr ominous
in the number.
What a poultryman would call the
Phllo system of continuous school
may work If all hands can stand the
wear and tear.
The Democratic central committee
is squabbling. Keep cool, boys; there's
nothing doing for you In Oregon this
The storm cost in Los Angeles. Is
rated at $10,000,000. Does that In
clude shrinkage in once deluded Win
Destructive storms have swept
Japan again. That appears to be the
storm center of the universe.
One of the great features of next
week will be the street drill 'of those
Radiators from Eugene.
Nobody seems to be swatting th fly
just now. For obvious reasons the fly
is in retirement.
Now the militants might get the
King's butler to spill hot soup down
Portland's choicest rosebuds, of
course, will be seen at the eugenic
In the scheme of nature's balance
the weather must be all right next
In some respects, however. Third
street is entitled to be known as first
The beach season is on, although
the furnace or fireplace looks good.
The sun has three days more in
which to strike its proper stride.
Clear the decks for the Rose Festival.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonlan of June 6, 1864.
Salem, June 4. To the Union Men
of Portland: A great massmeeting
was held at Pallas today. Three
thousand present. Two hundred ladles
in uniform in procession. The largest
political gathering ever held in Ore
gon. Great enthusiasm. Speeches by
Mitchell, Gibbs and Williams. The Im
ported voters are frightened and are
skedaddling. Rely on Polk for the
Union ticket against all opposition,
whether independent or copperhead, 100
majority' over both residents and im
portations. Intense indignation among
Union men at independent subterfuges
to assist copperheads. (Signed), A.
C. Gibbs. G. H. Williams, J. H. Mitchell.
Samuel E. May, J. W. J. Huntington.
A. M. Loryea.
Portland, June 4. Messrs. Mitchell.
Williams and Gibbs, Salem: The Union
rally Is a success. Logan is speaking.
Independents are speaking at the
Pioneer. They are beaten. (Signed),
A Last Word: This day the contest
is to be decided. The administration
will be sustained in Its efforts to sup
press the rebellion or the citizens of
Oregon will stand committed to the
side of treason. Which shall It be?
The regular Union massmeeting at
Willamette Theater on Saturday even
ing was a complete success. The meet
ing was called together by a band of
excellent music and a considerable dis
play of pyrotechnics. Hon. David
Logan made a stirring speech in be
half of the regular ticket and was
warmly applauded. Mr. Wakefield, can
didate for the Legislature, also defined
Cleveland, May 31 The Radical Re
publican convention nominated Fre
mont for President by acclamation and
John Cochran, of New York, for Vice
president. PhlladeJia. June 1. A special to
The EvenTTrV Telegraph has news from
Dalton, which says that Sherman ar
rived at Dallas on the 28th and pushed
reinforcements through to McPherson,
who was expected to reach Atlanta by
Saturday, the 24th, unless a heavy force
of rebels met him on the way. At the
last accounts he was at Sweetwater
town and had driven the rebels across
Powder and Nickajack Creeks and got
possession of the bridge across Chat
tahooche, 13 miles from Atlanta. The
main army under Thomas captured
Marietta on the 30th. Johnston with
the main body of his deserting army
was falling back to Atlanta.
Ban Francisco, June 4. Mexican
dates to April 26 represent that the
Liberal party were holding their own
everywhere. A revolt of the Inhabi
tants of the City of Sparateras had
taken place. They overpowered the
French garrison and butchered all that
they could find. General Dias attacked
the State of Puebla with great suc
cess. We have been shown more evidences
of the richness of Owyhee quartz
rock in the shape of a few specimens
brought by Mr. Schwartz. Two large
mills are on the way to Owyhee the
Alnsworth mill and the mill manufac
tured at the Oregon Iron Works for
Messrs. Mlnear, Fountain, Leffel and
This morning a fine 10-horsepower
threshing machine of the Pitts manu
facture will go to the Cascades on the
way to Walla Walla Valley, shipped by
Knapp, Burrell & Co.
In order that the men employed upon
the steamer John H. Couch may exer
cise their rights to the elective fran
chise. Captain Holman will not leave
for Astoria this morning until the
polls have been opened a sufficient
time for that purpose.
Mrs. Ah Fie, the wife of a Celestial
living in this city, gave birth to twin
daughters on Saturday morning.
PEOPLE DOST RULE: OR WANT TO
So Say. Contributor Who Sees ao
Practical Use for Primary.
ONTARIO. Or., June 4. To the Edi
tor.) You seem to give great credit
to the primary because we have a pret
ty good list of nominees for the No
vember election. Aren't you giving
said primary rather more credit than
it deserves? Did the primary select
those candidates? I think not. Some
person knowing Mr. Booth, for' in
stance, mentioned his name to a neigh
bor, and this one,- perhaps, favoring
the idea, talked to another about it,
and so on till finally the papers took
it up. I first learned that R. A. Booth
was the man we needed for United
States Senator in The Oregonlan. His
neighbors and the papers nominated
(named) R. A. Wooth; the primary
merely ratified the nomination. It
might have defeated it, as was the
case with Judge Bennett.
In these days, if people want any
thing done well they appoint a com
mission, committee or bureau to attend
especially to that particular thing, and
why should not we have a commission
to pick us out good men for office?
Why not have an honest, intelligent
state central committee, or -if ours is
such, and I suppose It is, then author
ize it to name all candidates for the
November election. If that were done,
then when some one thought of Mr.
Booth for Senator he might have sent
Mr. Booth's name to that committee and
if the committee had a better name for
the place Mr. Booth need Have no fur
ther trouble, but if they could do no
better they would put Mr. Booth in
nomination and that would have ended
But Just see what an awkward,
clumsy, roundabout and unsatisfactory
method we take. Mr. Booth is impor
tuned to "make the race." That la, he
must spend two or three months, and
lit this case $1136, running over the
state begging the people to nominate
him for Senator.
That is all. Just nominate him. and
then some other fellow may beat him
in the November election and he has
had all that work and expense for
nothlncr. He has only the nomination.
Mr. Chamberlain may. beat him yet.
You can't always tell what the "people"
will do on election days.
A committee of 100 nominated a
dozen men for the Multnomah legisla
tive offices weeks before May 16. The
primary didn't select them. It merely
O. K.'d them; It is nonsense to talk
about the people ruling; they don't
rule; they don't want to rule; they
can't rule; they won't rule, and you
can't make them rule. They won't all
register, though urged and urged, and
all that register do not vote.
If the people are ruling, why do six
men run Portland? Why have a School
Board? a Street Commissioner? Why
so many investigating committees? So
many inspectors? Why don't the people
attend to these things? Of course they
can't, they have their own work to do.
'Tis as idle to talk about the people
doing these things as It would be to
give every man a hatchet and a pocket
ful of nails and set them to building
that auditorium we hear so much about.
What sort of looking thing would you
have? Oh, no, you say. We must have
skilled mechanics to build our audi
torium, but any- botches will do to se
lect the men we need to make our laws.
It seems to me If we need skill any
where it is in the men who select our
rulers and lawmakers.
Talk about expense and high taxes;
the useless primary could be left out,
and that would lighten some. Again,
it would be no more mortifying to a
would-be candidate to be rejected by
a committee without cost than to be
defeated in a primary after a toilsome
campaign and several hundred dollars
expense. W. P. IsAWRY.
UNIONIST OFFICERS DEFENDED.
One mt Them Gives View t UUter Plot
CRUTCH E D FRIARS, London. May
20. (To the Editor.) Having the
pleasure of reading The Oregonlan, as
well as some other American papers,
I think I am expressing the surprise
of all fair-minded people here, and
particularly those connected with the
service, at the very distorted views
many of the American papers take of
the resignation of officers when the
"Ulster plot" was hatched.
I take it for granted that it is the
desire of The Oregonlan to place the
true facts of a case before Its readers,
and not those distorted to such an
extent to suit the political taste of
one party that they were not recog
nizable to the party who actually is
sued the documents and carried or. the
As always well understood and now
Indisputable, owing to the facts hav
ing been issued in print by the gov
ernment for use of the House of Com
mons and House of Lords, the govern
ment hatched a plot, partially un
known to the Premier, for the forc
ing on Ulster of the home-rule . bill
by help of the army and navy.
This bill has never had the sanc
tion of the people, and the present
government will not risk putting It
to the vote of the people, because they
fear defeat. Consequently, to suit their
own political ends, bear in mind, not
to enforce the will of the people, they
arranged among a small party of them
selves to use the army and navy to
enforce their wishes on Ulster.
Well knowing the feeling of the coun
try at large, whose servant the army
Is, just as much as even the King is,
they took a very unusual and stealthy
course. Now the whole crux of the
case is this: They Issued no orders
to the army, as is usual, but instead
"approached" a cavalry and infantry
bridgade stationed at the Curragh in
Ireland, taking advantage of official
secrecy to keep the matter as quiet
as possible, and said to those officers:
"We are going to coerce Ulster and
we make you two offers you may re
sign or you can go to the front, and
those who have relatives in Ulster may
disappear for the time being. You
must at once make your choice."
The officers chose the only honorable
course, and resigned.
If you give a man a choice of two
alternatives in good faith, why abuse
him if he chooses? If you do not in
tend him to choose, why make him
the offer at all? These officers had
everything to lose in the course they
chose their entire career, their live
lihood and pension and not a thing
to gain, only something to keep, and
that was their honor.
If the government issued orders for
the brigade to move and the officers
refused, then they would be to blame,
but this was not the case. nd so
stated by the Premier In the. House.
No orders were Issued, and therefore
In making the choice they did, these
officers have the great mass of the
people of this country, as well as of
Ireland Itself, with them.
The great mistake of the whole pro
ceeding was that such a plot was ever
hatched, and that, when it was, it was
brought for acceptance or rejection to
a body of honorable non-partisans
who steer clear of politics.
The home-rule bill has never Been
sanctioned by the country. It is purely
a party measure. The government's
majority in the House, without the
Irish party, is only five, and without
the Labor party, who do not always
vote with them, they would have a
minority of 27.
The Irish M. P.'s do not want home
rule, but it is a well-known fact In
Ireland itself that the great bulk of
the Irish people the working class,
not the politicians now that they
know all about home rule, prefer gov
ernment by the imperial parliament at
Westminster to a government under a
number of paid politicians in Dublin.
England today does not receive one
penny from Ireland, but Instead con
tributes some millions per annum to
the support of Ireland. Where, after
the five years' limit in the bill, when
this subsidy is withdrawn, is the neces
sary cash to come from?
Travel in the south of Ireland and
ask the laboring classes. They will
tell you "Ulster is to be milked." Well,
suppose Ulster submits; Ulster cannot
support the rest of Ireland for very
long before becoming bankrupt. What
Ulster has worked hard for years to
achieve her prominent commercial po
sition, is loyal to the empire, does
not want to be driven out and sep
arated from her birthright and used
for the support of the rest of the coun
try, which has always been antago
nistic to her ideas of religious, polit
ical and commercial freedom.
Should the military forces of the
empire be used for party purposes In
forcing out of the empire, against their
wills, a small portion of it, whose
only fiult Is that it has always been
loyal, is prosperous and wishes to re
main under the flag and rule of its
forefathers for which it has done so
much? Are the army and navy to bo
the political tool of a party who does
not now represent the electorate and
Is afraid to appeal to them for forcing
out of the empire a people who
do not want to be forced out,
and which forcing out would mean
political, commercial and religious an
nihilation? To this the nation would
today, if appealed to, emphatically say
The discipline, honor, integrity and
loyalty of the army to the nation is
as great today as ever, but it cannot
be used for party purposes against
or without the sanction of the nation.
May I once more state that no orders
were issued in any way whatsoever to
these officers, and therefore there was
no question of insubordination.
C A. FRY,
Lieutenant Fourth Battalion Essex
That Little London FlasratafT.
PORTLAND. June 6. (To the Edi
tor.) I read with surprise an article on
the first page of The Oregonlan June
4 Intimating that Queen Thelma will
hoist a flag to the top of the largest
flagpole in the world.
Being contrary enough rot to ad
mit that the United States of America
is the world, let me correct the error
before the topic flags.
I hate to disappoint anyone, partic
ularly so winning a maid as the Queen
of Rosarla, but the people who planned
her trip ehould have seen"- to It that
she passed through London. At Kew
Gardens there she would have been, no
doubt, graciously afforded the oppor
tunity of hoisting a flag to the top of
the largest flagpole in the world.
It is 225 feet long. It came from
Talk about correcting your cribbage
scores this is easy. "IRISH."
According- to the Encyclopedia Brl
tannlca (latest edition) the flagstaff at
the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew is
153 feet high. The flagstaff at San
Francisco is 220 feet high. Queen
Thelma does not need to go to London
yet awhile to find the tallest flag
staff. Good Work oa Alaska.
PORTLAND. June 6. (To the Edi
tor.) Your subscriber In Albany who
desires Information relative to Alaska
better get a copy of Professional Paper
45, of the United States Geological Sur
vey, which contains an excellent
treatise on the territory, including its
geography and climate, together with
a fine map. This volume is in most
public libraries, and can probably be
obtained on application to the Director
of the Survey at Washington, D. C. The
survey publishes a large amount of In
formation on Alaska and will send your
subscriber an index of maps and pub
lications If he will write for It.
LEWIS A. M ARTHUR.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonion of June 6. 18S9.
Helena. Mont.. June 5. Two robbers,
who evidently expected to capture a
shipment from the Jay Gould mine, at
tacked the Montana Central depot at
Silver, eight miles from here this morn
ing. They killed Mr. Burrell. a tele
graph operator from. Great Falls, and
F. C. Jobst, the agent, and robbed the
money drawer, but the bullion was not
there. Riley Johns organized a posse
of ranchmen, which overtook the mur
derers and killed them.
Chehalle June 6. Mrs. Barrett let
the contract yesterday for the new
- Walla Walla, June 5. Commencement
exercises of the academic department
of Whitman College were held tonight
Misses L. C. Martsall. Cynthia Good
rich. E. D. Smith. Pearl A. Gunn, Ada
Kirkam. May K. Thomas, Dora Aldrlch.
Mary Gilliam and Elmer Ingram were
The City Council last evening author
ized Mayor De Lashmutt to collect sub
scriptions for the sufferers by the
Pennsylvania floods. He appointed C.
H. Dodd. S. Farrell, W. B. Honeyman.
W. W. Spalding. D. D. Oliphant. W. B.
King. B. L. Norden, William Kapus, II.
J. Corbett. H. D. Chapman, Edward
Holman. William Church. Ed S. Roth
schild. George E. Watklns, Ben Selling.
Fred Matthews was reinstated as over
seer of the street cleaning and sprin
A family reunion was held at the res
idence of P. A. Marquam on Sunday
last. Mr. Marquam was married in
1853 to Miss Emma Kern. They have
11 children, all living, and Mr. Marquam
had the entire group photographed. The
group consisted of Mr. Marquam and
his wife and sons and daughters as
follows: Mary Emma (Mrs. Penumbra
Kelly), P. A.. Jr., William Winchester.
Charlotte C. (Mrs. Thomas Prince), Jes
sie Louise (Mrs. Charles -McLaughlin).
U. S. Grant. Sarah Sherman, a medical
student. Janie Houghton. Katie Lin
coln, Wlllametta and Thomas Alfred.
The grandchildren were then photo
graphed in a separate group.
Mrs. Rose Buchanan died Tuesday
noon. She was one of the pioneer wo
men of Oregon. She came to Portland
with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Dlel
schneider. in 1852 and married Captain
D. E. Buchanan in 1861. She leaves a
devoted husband and a daughter. Mrs.
Lincoln Parker last evening reported
to Coroner Surprenant the discovery of
the remains of a man on the Nehalem
div-iee. The body was lying in the ashes
of campflre and the man seems to
have been loBt and died of starvation
Two horses attached to a wood wagon
dashed up Washington from Front at
2 P. M. yesterday at a terrific gait.
Cordwood was strewn along Washing
ton street from the starting point to the
Alfred Borden, a well-known Pullman
car conductor, having made the run
between Portland and Ashland for a
number of years, died yesterday.
St. David's Episcopal Church is to
have a new organ.
Railroading; and Hal.li.
"What time will this train reach
Perkins Junction?" asked a traveler on
a short line railroad in Missouri.
"There aint no telling." said the con
ductor affably. "Me and the engineer
are goin' ter get off down the road
a piece an' hunt rabbits for a spelr."
Some of the Sunday Features
Two pages, with many photo
graphs, are devoted to a full and
comprehensive account of the great
annual Festival that opens this
week. The programme in every
The Corvallis Pageant.
An illustrated page cn the unique
festival staged by girl students at
the Oregon Agricultural College.
Portland's Rose Harvest.
A full page in colors on the city's
wonderful rose harvest. Why Port
land has become the greates of
Two views of it are presented by
Rita Reese the man's view and
the woman's. A delightful illus
trated feature by a popular writer.
They are discovered by American
travelers in the polite places of
Europe. They don't wear masks
and carry gains. Rather they oper
ate as servants and. their weap
ons are more effective than guns.
Coningsby Dawson, the noted
English writer, lays it all to the
evils of early education. A mas
terly analysis of the present dan
cing craze among the middle-aged
In the fifth full-page drawing of
his new series Harrison Fisher
shows another of the greatest mo
ments in a girl's life. "The first
evening in their new home."
Breaking the Limit.
The new engineer on a farmer's
railroad and his ride for life and
lives. A short story of adventure
Gentlemen at Tea.
The feminist movement is breed
ing a sissified lot of slender-wristed
male mollycoddles, according to the
observations of a New York writer,
who finds that the afternoon tea
habit among men has a wide vogue
and is growing.
A story of local interest about a
flock of seagulls that follow steam
ers from port tg port.
Moods of Genevieve.
In the eighth of this series GC4
vieve writes of "The Child Mood
The Fold-Up Family.
Another clever cut-Out for the
children, together with a page of
other children's features.
Important happenings the world
over as recorded by the ubiquitous
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