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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 3, 1914)
TITC 3IORXING OREGOXIAX, WEDNES5DAT, JUXE 3. 1914.
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rOBTIAND, WEDNESDAY, JTHNB 8. 1914.
' TBYIJl'O TO TOOL BOTH PARTIES.
By adopting; the labor union provi
sion of the Clayton anti-trust bill,
the House has attempted to meet the
demands of the unions without ex
empting; them entirely from the op
eration of the law. It provided that
"nothing; In the anti-trust law shall
be construed to forbid the existence
or operations" of labor unions or
farmers' co-operative associations or
to forbid or restrain members of
such organizations from "carrying; out
the legitimate objects thereof." That
seems to forbid such organizations to
violate the law, for It implies that
they may pursue only legitimate ob
jects, but the Webb amendment weak
ens the effect of the provision by
Baying; that these organizations and
their members shall not be "held' or
construed to be- illegal combinations
or conspiracies In restraint of trade
under the anti-trust laws."
The only Inference to be drawn
from these ambiguous, contradictory
expressions Is that an attempt is being
made to deceive both the unions and
their opponents. The unions are to
lie fooled Into the belief that they
are exempt, and their opponents are
to be fooled Into the belief that they
are merely permitted to exist, pro
vided they do not violate the anti
trust law. President Wilson Is said
to have declared his purpose to veto
any bill which exempts unions, and
President Gompers will be placated
with nothing short of exemption, yet
both profess to be satisfied with the
provision and Its amendment. Each
must think he has gained his point
and "put one over" on the other. The
result doubtless will be as Representa
tive Murdock predicted years of lit
igation. This whole subject was threshed out
by the Senate when the Sherman bill
was discussed In 1890. Every possi
ble effort was made to draw a pro
vision which would protect labor
unions In their legitimate operations
without granting them an unconstitu
tional exemption from prosecution for
. Illegal acts, but it was found imprac
ticable and the attempt was aban
doned. The House now adopts a
straddling provision, which either
party can construe its way and leaves
It to the Supreme Court to take out
the kinks It has deliberately put In
the law. The Supreme Court will
have to face a fire of criticism which
ever way It decides and will be ac
cused of legislating. What else can
it do with such a jumble of contra
dictions? Labor unions and farmers' co
operative associations are generally
recognized as beneficial so long as
they pursue legitimate ends, but it Is
possible for them to become as dan
gerous public enemies as the greatest
monopoly. We have had an example
in the triangular combination of
plumbers' supply dealers, master
Plumbers and Journeymen plumbers.
If Congress Is not made up of cowards
and tricksters, It will draft a provi
sion which grants the legitimate but
denies the illegitimate demands of
the unions, or, if that prove imprac
ticable, will leave the courts to make
the distinction according to "the rule
AN AMERICAN NOBEL FUND.
Professor Rudolf Eucken, the fa
mous Idealist-philosopher of Jena,
suggests In the Independent that It
would be an excellent thing for the
United States to have a foundation
similar to that which distributes the
Nobel prizes. There are five of these
prizes which are awarded yearly for
chemistry, physics, medicine, litera
ture and peace. They do not by any
means cover the whole field of science,
since they omit such subjects as
biology, history, psychology and
economics, to say nothing of theology,
which is sometimes classed among the
Professor Eucken believes that a set
of prizes offered for'eminence in these
subjects would not be competitive
with the Swedish Nobel awards, but
would rather supplement them and
give that wholesome recognition to
other departments of intellectual work
which Is now restricted to the physi
cal sciences, literature -and the cause
f peace. There are many reasons
why a foundation of this kind would
be singularly appropriate in the
For one thing this country has done
good work In psychology and history,
as well as In biology and economics,
and is, therefore, entitled to sit in
judgment upon the achievements of
other nations. Of course, all the world
would be Invited to compete for the
prizes, though It is assumed that the
judges who determined the awards
would always be Americans. Eminent
men . from abroad coming to the
United States to receive their ' dues
would find that this Nation is "astir
with ideal interests," as Professor
Eucken says, and would report us cor
rectly to the rest of the world.
We might thus in time escape from
the imputation that we think of noth
ing but dollars. The foundation would
help us to a state of intellectual in
dependence, since, in judging of others'
merits, we should be obliged to think
of our own with proper respect. An
other advantage would be the sub
stantial sums of money which, year
after year, would go to men of emi
nence in walks of life where poverty
is the rule and opulence the excep
tion. The Nobel prizes have already
made a dozen poor men of genius
independent, thus enabling them to do
better and more vigorous work. A
similar series of prizes awarded an
nually In the United States would
double this most desirable effect.
We have plenty of millionaires who
could endow a Nobel Foundation to
morrow if they were so disposed. They
give away enough money every year
to do the deed twenty times over.
All that Is necessary to realize
Professor Eucken's excellent suggest
tlon is to turn some donor's attention
to the desirability of such a system
of prizes. Very likely the article
which he has published in the Inde
pendent will be seen by some prince
of finance and acted upon sooner or
later. If the United States cannot
do scientific and literary work of the
highest rank it certainly has the
money to reward those who can and
some of it ought to be used for that
No settlement of the Mexican Drob
lem by the A. B. C. mediators, or
any other external force, can be
achieved if It shall not reckon fully
with villa and Carranza, President
Wilson clearly apprehends that vital
phase of the situation and he is urgent
in pressing the constitutional cause
upon the Niagara Falls conference.
General Carranza wants to know
who will force the constitutionalists
to abide by our plan of mediation?
Who, indeed? -
If the august mediators from South
America devise a scheme of pacifica
tion that composes merely the quar
rel between the United States and
Huerta, what then? Who and what
will head off the victorious march
of General Villa upon Mexico City?
Not the United States, of course; not
the South American republics, of
course. Only General Carranza. Why,
then, should Carranza be excluded at
Originally, we meddled in Mexico
because we didn't like the blood we
thought we saw on Huerta's hands.
Later we had our feelings hurt by an
Insult to the flag. Then we decided
that we were really at the doors of
Mexico, with Army and Navy, "to
Now we are chiefly anxious to get
the A. B. C. mediators to permit Car
ranza and Villa to help us let go the
Mexican bear's tail.
The New York World is unkind to
the Senator from Oregon, Mr. Cham
berlain, whom it accuses of "being In
the business of breaking treaties." and
sneerlngly characterizes as a "patriot"
because he has a grand scheme of re
prisal against Great Britain in its use
of the Sault Ste. Marie Canal, for Its
offense In resisting free tolls at Pan
ama for coastwise American vessels.
The treaty of Washington, made in
1871, arranges the terms of traffic
through the lakes canal; "but what,"
demands the World, sarcastically, "is
a treaty for If not to. break it when
you are in the humor to help out a
monopoly?" The steel trust is. the
monopoly which the New York paper
thus describes as the beneficiary of
the Oregon Senator's favor.
The World is a comprehensive
newspaper, with, a wide news and edi
torial survey of National and interna
tional affairs; but clearly it doesn't
know much about Oregon. The In
terpretation of treaties, the exposition
of domestic policies, the promotion of
local interests, according to the Cham
berlain idea, must all be arranged to
suit the exigencies of Oregon politics.
Mr. Chamberlain is a candidate for
re-election this Fall as a Democrat.
Repeal of canal tolls is a Democratic
policy, the late National platform to
the contrary notwithstanding. That
particular Democratic enterprise of a
Democratic National Administration
is unpopular in Oregon. Does the
World regard it as the duty of the
Oregon Senator to be a martyr to con
viction not his own, for he has no
political conviction that Is permitted
to interfere with his welfare as a can
didate but the . President's convic
tions? Besides, the President doesn't need
the Chamberlain vote in the repeal
scheme. But he may need it later in
other matters. The little excursion of
the Oregon Senator off the Wilson
reservation Is well understood at the
White House. The light burns bright
ly In the window for the wanderer's
MEN OB PRINCIPLES.
If the Republican party must be
held accountable for Penrose, Foraker
and Barnes, the Progressive party has
the same responsibility for Perkins,
Sulzer, Bryan (J. W.) and Lafferty.
If the Republican party is never
again to be entrusted with power be
cause Foraker is a self-invited can
didate for Senator in Ohio, and Pen
rose iri Pennsylvania, by the same
token no Progressive anywhere should
be permitted to aspire for office be
cause a demagogue like Bryan (J. W.)
intrudes himself on public notice in
Washington, and another demagogue
like Lafferty in Oregon.
The argumentum ad hominem can
not, of course, be maintained. Yet
it is" constantly employed, especially
by professional Progressives and in
Colonel Roosevelt has often used it,
with great effect, but we rather fancy
he has changed his course. He will
continue to war on Penrose and
Barnes and Foraker, but not on the
If we do not mistake Colonel
Roosevelt's recent utterances and
present temper, he seeks co-operation,
not warfare. The question of amal
gamating the rank and file of the two
parties is taking care of itself.
WILSON'S OPPORTUNITY LOST.
President Wilson admits that, much
as he favors the several conservation
bills, he has no hope that any of them
will pass at this session of Congress,
except possibly the radium bill, In
which he is especially Interested. The
undeveloped resources of the West and
of Alaska must remain locked up for
at least another year. That is the
pleasant prospect before us.
Attention of both President and
Congress has been called repeatedly to
the need of action on many of these
questions. Secretary Lane has in
formed Congress that the approaching
construction of railroads in Alaska
renders Imperative the adoption of a
simple, expeditious method of admin
istering that great territory, such as
the commission which he proposes.
This necessity Is illustrated by the
case of J. C. Murray, of San Francisco,
who asked Mr. Lane how he could
legally use the coal cropping on the
bank of a creek where he proposed to
dredge for gold. The reply was that
no authority of law exists for per
mitting him to mine the coal. The
letter was sent to the Senate with the
What am I to say to this man? If the
Alaskan coal leasing bill becomes a law this
session the answer will be easy.
He got no answer. The Senate
went maundering on with its dull
routine. The New York Times doubt
less prophesies truly when it says:
Murray's dredger will rot on the banks
of the creek. Because, you see, if he were
allowed to take soma coal, good for nothing
else, and operate his dredger, he might make
a little money, and all departments of our
Government have for ten years been united
'In the Inflexible resolve that no private In
dividual shall make any money in Alaska.
The President has little chance of
getting the radium bill through so
unbusinesslike a body of solemn
trlflers with time. The Walsh bill
once secured right of way, but by
some hocus-pocus has lost it and that
measure seems likely to be smothered
In a continuous flow of talk on ap
propriatlons and trusts. The Presi
dent has also lost much of his hold
on Congress. He may get a little
done with conservation bills at the
short session, if his party wins the
November elections for the House and
Senate. If the Democrats lose, they
will be in no humor to work or
to submit to his dictation. He has
thrown away his opportunity to have
his name associated with a great se
ries of constructive measures by lis
tening to the pernicious promptings
of his Secretary of State.
WORK AND RHXXTBM.
Scientific men are paying a great
deal of attention nowadays to the
psychology of work. For the greatest
efficiency of the worker it Is impor
tant that his task should be per
formed with the smallest possible ex
penditure of energy, both mental and
physical. It is found that "rhythm!
cal" operations make the least de
mands upon the worker, since a sin
gle mental impulse suffices to keep
the action going; for a long time. An
excellent example of rhythmical mo
tion is the swing of a scythe In the
hands of an expert mower. He can
keep it up all the afternoon without
the waste of an ounce of mental en
Typewriting is also rhythmical. In
work of this kind anything that
breaks up the- cycle of movements
diminishes efficiency. For this rea
son some persons believe that the
shift key for capital letters is not so
good a device as the double keyboard.
All , workmen recognize the helpful
ness of rhythm in their operations.
They always say they can work bet
ter after they "get the hang" of a
performance. There id usually a reg
ular set of repeated motions which
can be repeated ove and over again
without much thought after it is thor
oughly committed to the muscular
Rhythms of this kind are apparent
in ,the act of driving a nail, sawing
through a board or spading a. garden.
They are equally apparent in higher
tasks. - The business man's day is
nothing but a series of rhythms, and
the less their regular flow is inter
rupted the better his duties will - be
performed. Anything that breaks up
the rhythm, whether of a typist, a
carpenter or a business man at his
desk, wastes mental energy and en
tails bad results.
The great secret of rapid and ac
curate work is security from inter
ruptions. The mind cannot be thrown
out of gear without considerable de
gree of friction. Throwing it back
into gear causes still more. The con
tinued repetition of these destructive
operations may ultimately strip the
cogs from a mental pinion and re
quire extensive repairs, Emerson .was
not a man of science, but he had the
good sense .to curse the interrupters
who strolled in to "devastate his day."
The greatest kindness one can show
to a man at work is to leave him
in peace until his task is finished. It
is no mercy to interrupt him even to
oewau tne aeatn, of his mother-in-law.
MR, TAFT ON THE JUDICIARY.
The one subject upon which ex-
President Taft can speak with author
ity Is that of the law and the courts.
He has been most outspoken -in his
condemnation of the evils of dilatory
and overtechnlcal procedure and he
has striven to remove these evils. His
legal learning and integrity are con
ceded by those who have been his
political opponents, and regret is
widespread that he did not follow hie
first Impulse and await the appoint
ment to the Supreme Bench which
would almost surely have been his.
instead of yielding to the Importuni
ties of those friends who made him
President only to turn upon him
when their and his mistake was re
vealed. For these reasons what he
says about the courts in an article in
the " New York Times Is worthy o'f
This Is a defense of the courts
against those who would make judges
subject to recall and against those
who would permit recall of judicial
decisions by popular vote. His con
tention is that the courts are in
dispensable to the upbuilding and
maintenance of civil liberty, and that
their necessary functions, among
others, are to pass on the constitu
tionality of laws and to supply lapses
and defects by reasonable inference
as to the intention of the Legisla
ture, and to reconcile inconsistencies.
He admits that in performing these
functions judges may at times over
step the line between judicial con
struction and judicial legislation, but
he maintains that the Legislature
can supply Immediate relief by pass
ing a new law more clearly setting
forth its will."
Mr. Taft maintains that constitu
tional limitations are necessary to the
preservation of liberty and that an
independent judiciary is necessary to
enforce them. This is so, he holds,
because restraint on the majority Is
necessary to preserve the rights of the
minority and of the Individual, be
cause the majority of the electorate
Is but a representative minority of
the whole nation and because this
majority might by injustice provoke
the minority to resistance. Then
chaos would come "and after chaos
we would have the man on horse
back." To avert such a catastrophe,
he holds that we need "a judiciary
whose tenure and salary and learn
ing and ability and character are
such that they can face temporary
unpopularity with the majority in de
fending the rights of the Individual
or the minority." He says "that there
has been nothing in our form of gov
ernment so admirable and useful in
Its workings ' as the Supreme Court
of the United States and the author
ity which it has exercised In Its
steadying opinions, in the security it
has given to life, liberty and prop
erty, In its keeping open, as far as
the Constitution can secure it, the
equal opportunity of all men."
So far from the courts having failed
to be responsive to public opinion, Mr.
Taft says that the present outbreak
of criticism Is due to their having
been so responsive. After the war, he
says, "we settled down to a tre
mendous material expansion, in which
all the people had their attention fo
cused on the extended application of
invested capital to further develop
ment." ' He continues:
It was 'a period In which the political
duties of the people were often negligently
exercised and In which the Influence of
wealth over politic became greater and
greater, until plutocracy threatened; and If
the attitude of the court reflected the at
titude of the people and the law did not
make as much moral progress In that time.
It Is only because the courts were doing
what It Is denied they do now, 1. ., keeping
pace with society.
He adopts as his own the view of
Professor Pounds, of Harvard, that the
chief ground for criticism on the
score of failure to adapt the law to
the progressive needs of the people
Is to be found in the decisions of
elective judges. ' He affirms vthat "no
small or narrow prejudices contract
the judicial views" of the United
States Supreme Court. He points out
how changed social and economic con
ditions have necessitated changes in
the permissible limitations on con
stitutional rights and says that If the
New York bakeshop case were to
come before the present court the
law would not be declared unconsti
tutional and that the court appre
ciates the necessity ' for liberal con
struction with a view to ' changes of
conditions. In support of this opinion
he quotes from an opinion of Justice
Brown that amendments to the struc
ture of the law will continue "and the
law be forced to adapt Itself to new
conditions of society, and, particularly,
to the new relations between employ
ers and employes as they arise."
Mr. Taft's statement that the de
cisions of elective Judges have been
most criticised as out Of consonance
with public opinion will be a sur
prise to those who have a vivid recol
lection of the storm raised by deci
sions of Federal Judges against rate
laws and in favor of railroads In gen
eral. It Is true, however, as to those
decisions of the New York courts at
which Colonel Roosevelt has leveled
his sharpest darts, but those Judges
were nominated by boss-ridden con
ventions. Federal Judges have re
cently shown more deference to sub
lio opinion, probably because the
youngest in service have been ap
pointed by Presidents who were more
regardful of the public Interest than
of Senators' wishes. State Judges
seem to become more amenable to
public opinion under the direct prl
mary. In Oregon, at least, and thus
renders the recall unnecessary, else
why has it never been exercised?
Some Judges who were nominated un
der the old boss system would have
been recalled with great alacrity by
the people of this day. All our recent
experience goes to show that the more
Judges, like other officials, are made
to feel direct responsibility to the peo
pie, the better Judges they are and
the more those who appoint Judges
are made to feel that responsibility
the better judges they appoint.
If consolidation is such an excel
lent thing for schools of lower grade,
why Is it not worth trying for our
higher Institutions? When three or
four country schools are united a
great deal more work is done for the
same money and better results are
secured all along the line. States
which have applied the principle of
consolidation - to their higher schools
find that it works Just as well as it
does for the lower ones.
Perhaps if frre pedestrian' must be
confined to street crossings, he may
be allowed a few rights, the greatest
of which is guarantee that he will
not be run down in the path pre
scribed for his feet
. One who wades through the weary
waste of words which fills the Con
gresslonal Record Is inclined to echo
the words of Augusts Comte:
Let the Government be run bv ths devil
himself. If need be. provided we can get rid
oi tnese Diow-naras.
A Delaware town VAjstrflv rol,
brated a bombardment bv the Ttritlnh
in 1812 in which the casualties, con
sisted of a cow, a chicken and a pig.
bounds more like a sheet from Mex
On the final vote on the tolls repeal
in the Senate it Is predicted that free
tolls will be lost by nine. That's the
nine that will throw the Panama
Canal pennant to the British shipping
Four hens at La Grande are cred
ited with 100 eggs In one month. A
man with a flock of that kind of hens
would soon make his way into tha
John D. class. -
Three killed in one day by pitched
balls. That gentle game Is becoming
more dangerous than war In these
days of speedy pjtchers and poor con
trol. Bryan announces that he will spend
his vacation on the Chatauqua circuit.
Doesn't he mean he will end his vaca
tion at the Statehouse and go back
to his real work?
Having convicted the army supply
grafters, with a real lord among them,
the English will perhaps have less to
say of American political corruption.
"What can you d6 without 'me?"
Carranza demands of the mediators.
"Or with ire, for that matter." he
might well have added.
A crusade for kllllnar off the rnntnra
has been launched in South Dakota.
Is this the beginning of some dark,
new feminist plot?
Huerta. has called an elttrrlnn. nr
July. By that time Villa mav in
seated his handy man in the presi
Elimination of the peddler nuisance
during the carnival removes the final
obstacle to an enjoyable time.
Secretary Houston's watchman who
hoped for elevation on the Job "dis
covered" the fuses too soon.
The canvass of the Multnomah pri
mary vote should be complete In
time for election.
Oklahoma, Missouri and Kansas
want 82,000 harvest hands. But that's
work, you know.
The thread trust having been dis
solved, the high cost of living should
fall with a crash.
Also, if you can't get a Job lust
at present remember it's purely
This is the weather that brines out
and preserves the roses for next week.
Jacob Furth put more than a dol
lar mark on Seattle.
Clear the decks for a big time
They've snipped the thread trust.
Meet "em .at Flavel.
Cut the weeds.
SENATOR JOM3S- PLACE IN PARTY
Neither Standpatter Nor Progressive,
but One of Main Body.
TACOMA, Wash.. June 1. (To tha
Editor.) The Oregonian today, discuss
ing the progressive character of the
Republican party, gives Senator Jones,
of this state (Washington), an antl
standpat recommendation. Many citi
zens are disposed to respond to The
Oregonlan's approval, with the locu
tion: "Good, if true."
It is now betieved that the Repub
lican party is free from the boss sys
tem which controlled the Chicago con
vention of 1912. It is asserted that
"the interests" can never again obtain
from it legislative or other favors.
If the Republican party needed and
has had a renaissance, what part has
Senator Jones (now also Candidate
Jones) had in the work of regenera
tion? He has been a National legis
lator for many years. Has he been
sweating like a steer In the furrow,
striving, ever striving to advance, in
politics and business, the cause of the
people? When and under what circum
stances did Jones cease to keep step
with these politicians whom The Ore
gonian sets down as reactionaries?
The Payne-Aldrlch tariff law of 190S
was denounced as an oppressive eco
nomic measure. Mr. Aldrlch was se
verely criticised as a vicious statesman.
But is not Mr. Jones, of North Yakima,
tarred with the same stick? .How Is
one to distinguish between the political
conduct and convictions of Aldrlch and
Again, what was the attitude of
Jones toward the Bryce-Knox treaty
of 1912? That was a treaty urged by
the pro-English Carnegie crowd, and
to which the Taft Administration had
been Induced to give official sanction.
Jones was a blithe and complaisant
upholder of that un-American and pro
English proposal. The treaty was
amended, and Its pernicious provisions
cut out but that happy result was ac
complished against the protest and vote
of Senator Jones. The proposed treaty
allowed England to bring all kinds of
lawsuits against the United States, and
to compel our Government to send law
yers and witnesses to Europe to defend
such suits In an anti-American tribunal.
Mr. Jones was then in favor of "arbi
trating," in courts controlled by Euro
pean and Aslatio Judges, all questions
relating to the Monroe doctrine, to Jap
land-ownership and school privileges,
immigration and American control at
Panama, Inasmuch as foreign concerns
are inseparably Intertwined with do
mestic concerns. It Is evident that the
Carnegie Senators were willing to place
a large part of the government of our
country In foreign hands. In this mat
ter Candidate Jones co-operated with
such renowned standpat Senators as
Root McCumber, Burton and Brandegee.
The Inference put forward today by
The Oregonian will please the North
Yakima politician and will aid him in
matters of near consequence. The
writer of this does not gainsay the
truth thereof. But he and other citi
zens would like to know the facts upon
which said Inference Is based.
While The Oregonian did not class
Senator Jones as a standpatter, it did
not class him as a progressive. He is
one of those Republican Senators who
seems to have stood by the organize
tion in the Fayne-Aldrich tariff fight
but who later exercised a greater de
gree of Independence without definitely
auying themselves with the insurgent
progressive faction. He has upheld the
interests of the West on numerous oc
casions and has Introduced a water
power" bill at this session which pos
sesses much merit He is not however.
one of those who lead the van, nor is
he one of the reactionaries who brins
up the rear. He stays with the main
NOT MEMBERS OF ORGANIZATION
Men la Friars Club Orgy Do Not Be
long; to Travelers Association.
PORTLAND. Mar SO. (To the Ed
ltor.) I wish to place a matter before
you which is of great importance to
the traveling men, and the order of the
travelers' Protective Association.
Recently some traveling men were
on a tear at the Friars Club and It
seems induced three young women to
lane drinks with them. Oulte a nuh.
liclty was given to this Instance, and
we at once took the matter up with
Mrs. Baldwin to ascertain the" names
of those men Implicated. Our inten
tions were to see if they were members
or our organization, and if thev were.
we would cancel their membership.
After careful investigation, and being
lniormea or their names we looked
over our membership list and to our
gratification will state that they are
not members of the Travelers' Protea
The writer has been an active trav.
eltng man for 15 years, since his ir
rival on this coast in 1882, and he is
happy to state that the class of men
he has come in contact with, and with
whom he gladly exchanges hands, as
"knights of the grip," are men of good
moral character capable business men
or else they would not have been able
to hold their position for any length of
It la our aim to walk at the head of
the procession, and earn the respect
and goodwill of our fellow citizens, by
our courteous ana Dusiness tactics.
Secretary Oregon and Washington Di
vision Travelers' Protective Associa
tion. COAL MIXING WITHOUT CAPITAL
This Correspondent Would Like to
Eliminate the Investor.
CHEHALIS, June 1. (To the Editor.)
With much interest I read your edi
torial entitled 'What Provoked Colo
rado's War" in The Oresronian Mondav.
No doubc the writings of Clair Price
in the rs ew York Evening Post are a
careful, 'unprejudiced exposition of the
Colorado affair. No doubt the country
at large pretty thoroughly understands
tne situation. Now what we want is
a solution of the matter. If you can
suggest any remedy other than the
taKing over or tnese corporate oroDer
ties and administering them for the
Denent ol ail that work them and the
consumer of the product by the state.
please lead us to It
By this I mean the elimination of the
useless owner of the stocks and bonds
who Insist on a return on what they
call their investment regardless of
wnetner it is pure water or not and
who take a big per cent of the product
and who, it is conceded by the writer
of the editorial, are the .real disturbing
element in the Colorado war. Any one
will concede that the miner that digs
tre coal cannot tie eliminated, but
some of us can see where the factor
that simply owns and draws a dividend
and- Interest can be eliminated.
Give us light CARL MOTTER.
When Mr. Motter will inform' us bow
we can dispense with capital in de
veloping mines, we will concede that
we have a basis for discussion. Until
then discussion is fruitless.
PORTLAND, May 28. (To the Ed
itor.) Kindly explain the "initiative
and referendum" and cite Instances
when It has been applied here In Ore
gon. A STUDENT.
The Oregon Blue Book contains tha
state constitution, which Includes the
initiative and referendum provisions
The Blue Book also contains a list of
measures submitted to direct vote. Tt
can probably be obtained by writing to
the Secretary of State. Salem. Or. Th
Public Library in Portland has numer
ous reference works on direct legislation.
I WIRELESS FAILS
Kites) Used to Send or Receive News,
bnt Not One Tick Heard.
New York Cor. Kansas City Star.
Although they have tried to commu
nicate - by wireless with civilization
from the frozen north, "not a tick or a
buzs have we heard." Thus reports
Donald B. MacMillan. head of the
American Museum of Natural History's
expedition to Crocker Land. The report
came in a letter from MacMillan to the
museum officials here. The letter was
dated Etah, North Greenland, January
MacMillan said all the members of
his party were in good health and
spirits and anxious to start their con
templated trip of over a thousand miles
in a temperature ranging from SO to 90
degrees below zero, from Etah to
Crocker Land. He expected to make
the dash about February 10, and said
he would take on the trip 21 men and
Knud Rasmussen. the Danish ex
plorer, brought the letters out of the
frozen north, and they were forwarded
by him from Copenhagen.
In his letters to President Osborne.
MacMillan tells of attempts to reach
civilization by wireless, and of how, in
the Spring, kites would be used in the
hope of sometime finding conditions
The letter of Dr. Hovey, director of
the expedition, said that the dash
across the polar sea from Cape Thomas
Hubbard to Crocker Land was to be
made by MacMillan. Elmer Ekblaw
and Fitzhugh Green, with eight Esqui
The party, it is believed. Is now re
turning to the base at Etah.
Old Rome Had Skyscrapers.
New York Times.
The history of skyscrapers, contrary
to the belief of the general public, dates
back to ancient Rome, where the tene
ment house had quite as many evils as
it has today, according to the Con
So great was the number of such
houses in ancient Rome, and so badly
were they constructed, that In A. D. SO
Emperor Otho. when marching against
Vitellus. found his way barred for 20
miles by the ruins of tenement houses
undermined by inundation.
The spontaneous collapse of tenement
houses at that time was so frequent an
occurrence that it caused but little ex
citement Tenants were constantly
fearing cremation or burial in their
homes, and companies existed for the
purpose of propping up and sustaining
Emperor Augustus limited tha hele-ht
of new houses that opened upon the
streets to about 68 feet in order to
make less frequent such disasters. Mar
tial alludes to a poor man, a neighbor,
who was obliged to mount 200 steps to
reacn nis garret
Small Boy Fools a Woman.
One afternoon a very stout woman
was rambling along a country road
when she suddenly noticed a little boy
wanting closely beside her. Not know
ing the youngster, she was naturally
"Look here, little boy." Bhe heatedly
cried, "why are you following me along
like that? Go away from me instantly!"
"I. ain't doin' nothin", lady," pleaded
tne little fellow. "Please don't send me
"You must go away at once." reseat
ed the perplexed woman. "Why do you
wisn to follow me?
"Because," was the startling rejolnd
er of the youngster, "you are the only
snaay spot along the whole road."
No Cbance In Democratic Times.
ALBANY, Or.. May 28. (To the Ed
itor.j now is tnis for a Democratic
administration? The writer deeded yes-
taraay nis property over to William lio
gan. of Albany a house that rents
readily for $10 or 812 a month and
four lots on Seventh and Hill streets,
Albany, Or.; a fruit and walnut orchard
or ranch southeast of Albany two and
one-half miles, all told worth SCO00
to 88000, for a $2500 mortgage put on
same year ago, alter weeks and
months of strenuous but fruitless ef
forts to' borrow $200 to pay off the
interest ALVIN J. CAROTHERS.
Workins; for the City.
Green What is the hardest work you
ever did? City Employe The work I
did landing this Job, and the next hard
est is the work of keeping It from be
ing taken away from me.
Nit Dream of tbe Idler.
"And now they've started a company
to Insure people against lack of em
ployment" "H'm! What we need Is a
company to Insure against having to
All Pirates) Not Desid Ones.
"Father, are all the pirates dead?"
"No, my son, they now run the coat
checking privileges at the hotels and
HOW THE BLIZZARD BEGAN.
(Originally published in previous Dem
ocratic times Author unknown.)
The flour barrel is empty.
And the lard is Retting low.
And the folks with whom I've dwelt
Want cash for what I owe.
And many times I've blamed myself
For voting for a "change."
But I've learned through my stomach
What I couldn't through my brains.
There's no money in my pocket
And there's no coal in the bin.
The weather's growing colder
And my breeches mighty thin.
I'm longing for the "good old times,"
And my conscience gives me pains.
For I'm learning through my stomach
What I couldn't through my brains.
The factory hasn't started up
And times are mighty slow.
And daily I am adding more
To the little bills I owe.
Each day I figure losses
Where I used to count up gains.
And I'm learning through my stomach
vv hat I couldn t through my brains.
There's a day of Judgment coming
For those who fooled me so.
There's a day of retribution
t or those who made times slow.
I am going to vote to change times
When I can count up trains.
For I've learned through my stomach
v hat I couldn t through my brains.
Souphouses have been opened.
But the diet's awful thin.
Free traders made their promises
And denounced McKlnley tin.
But the people have grown wiser.
Losses don t size up with gains.
They've found out through their
What they couldn' t through their
They pity the "poor farmer."
Taffy well the workingman.
And praise the free trade Wilson bill
To the people of the land.
And how they love the pensioner,
it gives the veterans pains.
But they learned through thetr
What they couldn't through their
They promised us much better times
.And money free as mud.
But work has stopped and wages drop'd
Way down with a dull thud.
But we have smitten those Democrats
And given the liars pains.
For we've learned through our stomachs
What we couldn t through our brains.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of June 8. 1889.
Last Friday, Way 81. the Ilwaco Rail
way & Navigation Company gave a
complimentary excursion In honor ol
the completion of its railroad from Il
waco to Nahcotta, the terminus on
W. H. Utter, an attache of the Che
mawa Indian School, states that the
institution is very prosperous and that
General W. H. Beadle, the new superin
tendent is well liked by the pupils.
Mrs, Ellen Henry, aged about 67
years, died at her home In Wasco Coun
ty a few days ago.
Yesterday was the hottest day of the
season, the maximum temperature be
ing 93.5 degrees.
Rev. Dr. J. W. Bushong, a distin
guished Methodist minister, of Cincin
nati, occupied the pulpit of the Taylor
Street M. E. Church yesterday morning
and the Hall-Street Church last even
ing. Union memorial exercises were held
In the Alblna M. E. Church Sunday
evening. The members of Phil Kearney
Post. G. A. R., were In attendance.
Company D marched to the church in
Uniform. Th nrirfrooo woo . -1 1 , i
. . . .j woiveivu u y
Rev. T. H. Henderson.
D. M. McLauchlin was --nominated
for Mayor and A. Stoldt as Treasurer
The Wlllamettes defeated the Port
lands in a rattling game at Riverside
yesterday, the score being 3 to 2.
A contract for building the O. R. &
X. line from Rockford Into Spokans
Falls, a distance of 26 miles, has been
awarded to Kilpatrick Bros. & Collins.
Ell Perkins (Melville D. Landon).
who enjoys a National reputation as a
humorist and who has also been dubbed
"the great American Ananias, has just
arrived, accompanied by his wife
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of June 3, 1864.
Fortress Monroe, May 81. A portion
of the troops at Bermuda Hundred
under General Smith have been sent in
transports with great celerity up York
River to White House. Grant's new
base of supplies. A messenger from
Grant reports that on the morning ot
the 30th our army crossed to Median
iesville. near the Chickahominy, with
but little opposition. Sheridan had
routed the enemy's cavalry at all
points, capturing many prisoners.
Washington, June 1. An unofficial
dispatch from Kingston, dated May 31,
says: Major Hopkins, of Stoneman's
start who came from the front this
afternoon, says the rebels attacked us
at 7:30 o'clock this .morninjr. By 10
o'clock the affair was over and the
enemy repulsed, and our lines pushed
to the railroad at Marietta. The ac
complishment of this object was ths
purpose of Sherman's movements.
Washington, May 51. Dispatches
from General Grant dated at llawes'
Shop read as follows: The enemy came
over on our left and attacked us. They
were repulsed with heavy slaughter.
To relieve Warren, who was on our
left, Meade speedily ordered an attack
by the balance of our line. Hancock
was the only one who received the or
ders in time to make an attack before
dark. He drove the enemy from his
entreffched skirmish line and still
Cleveland, May 31. The Radical Re
publican convention met this morning:,
ex-Governor Johnson, of Pennsylvania,
In the chair, and adopted a platform.
Meeting of the Common Council.
Councilman E. Elfelt's resignation was
accepted in consequence of his depart
ure for Europe. A resolution was of
fered instructing the City Surveyor to
survey all streets south of Jefferson
street to Caruthers' addition and all
east of Eighth street The clerk was
Instructed to advertise in The Oregon
ian for bids for building an engine
house for Columbia Engine Company
No. J, the cost not to exceed $6000.
The Judges of election tor the South
Portland precinct are Henry Law, si. J.
McCormlck and Matthew Patten. The
place of voting will be the Courthouse.
In the North Portland precinct the
judges are George II. Flanders, Will
lam Cornell and Thomas J. Holmes.
The place of voting will he the engine
house of Multnomah Fire Company
Quite an excitement was created on
the lot corner of Front and Washing
ton streets yesterday mornlna:. A was
procured a lot of brass filings and
salted the reputed spots of gold depos
its. Soon small claims were staked of.
picks, pans and shovels were procured
and men and boys went to work with a
will taking the dirt to the ,rlver hank
to wash. The results of their labors
may be Imagined.
We were invited last evening by
Emil Loewensteln & Co. to examine a
fine sofa of the Elizabethan style man
ufactured by them for tha rostrum or
the new Presbyterian Church In this
city, which is without doubt the most
superb affair of the kind ever got ui
in this state. Its frame is solid black
walnut elaborately carved, the seat.
back and arms covered with crimson
velvet. The length is 12 feet height 7
feet. It is a present from irs. D. F.
Bradford to the church.
ANENT THE DANCE.
The grizzly bear, the turkey trot
The bunny hug and. too.
Some others might be mentioned
Among the dances new
That rearwards have been crowded.
In seclusion to abide
And make way for another to be
Called the Huerta glide.
Some other creatures of the zoo
Have slighted somewhat been.
No matter, though, the jig's now up
For those that did get in.
The tango and the hesitation waits
May. too. be cast aside
When we are introduced to what?
That newer Huerta glide.
A. H. O CONNELL.
Moral Suasion at School.
"Bless me!" 'said Tommy's great
uncle. "Do you mean to say that your
teachers never thrash you?"
"Never!" replied Tommy. "We have
moral suasion in our school."
"Oh, we get kep' In, and stood up in
corners, and locked out and locked
in. and made to write one word 1000
times, and scowled at and Jawed at
and that's all."
To See You?
Who Is it?
What can he want?
Turn over the advertising col
umns In today's Oregonian and you
will see his message clearly nt
It Is sharp, well written and to
Perhaps it does not Interest you?
Maybe you don't want to see
That's the beauty of it you don't
have to respond unless you care to.
Yet the message may be the very
one you were hoping for.
Look and see.