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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 28, 1914)
VOL,: T,IV. NO. 16,G94.
PORTLAND, OREGON. THURSDAY, MAY 28, 1914.
PRICK FIVE CENTS.
WAR MATERIAL FOR
HUERTA IS LANDED
Ammunition and Wire
VESSEL SEIZED BY FUNSTON
Doubt Exists as to Disposition
of Second Cargo.
MEXICAN LAW IS VIOLATED
Absence of Manifest and Diversion
of Steamer to Port for 'Which.
o Clearance Was Made
Will Incur Fines.
VERA CRUZ, May 27. The German
steamer Bavaria has been held hers on
her arrival without manifest at Brigadier-General
Funston's order. The Ba
varia recently landed a large quantity
of ammunition on Mexican soil.
It Is estimated that the Bavaria put
shore 1,800,000 rounds of ammunition.
The cargo was destined for "Vera Cruz,
but was diverted to Puerto Mexico.
The steamer reached here Sunday. The
captain could not produce a manifest,
declaring to the captain of the port
that it had been taken away from him
by the American authorities. Later he
admitted landing the cargo, which in
cluded also 3000 rolls of barbed wire.
Skipper Liable to Fine.
General I'unston understands that
the ammunition and wire reached Cor
doba yesterday by way of Tierra
The captain of the Bavaria is liable
to a fine under the Mexican laws, which
re being administered by the collector
of the port. Captain Herman O. Stick
Iiey. The shipment of arms, Consigned
for Vera Cruz, but landed at Puerta
Mexico, forms a violation of the laws,
and the absence of a manifest a sec
Brigadier-General Funston said the
question of fines was entirely in Cap
tain Stickney's hands, but the collector
ald today that lie hud ; not actually
Clearance Refused Pending Payment.
Tho Bavaria is held here only be
cause clearance will be refused until
the issue of lines is adjusted. The
customs officials assert that so far as
they know tho arms shipment on the
Vpiranga of the same line, which pre
cipitated the seizure of Vera Cruz by
tho American forces, was still aboard
when that vessel left here for Puerto
Mexico two days ago. They assume
here that there is no possibility that
the 250 machine guns, 15,000,000 rounds
of ammunition and other war material
aboard the Ypirango would be landed,
as the liner is under charter of the
German government at the present
time and was ordered to Puerto Mexico
by the German minister to pick up
Other Deliveries Reported.
Rumors have been current that some
of the war materials for which Huerta
had contracted in Germany had been
filtering through by way of Puerto
Mexico. Virtually every German liner
touching at the gulf ports has car
ried arms or ammunition shipped under
that contract. The Bavaria incident is
the first one where positive Informa
tion of the landing of these supplies
has been received, although there have
been intimations here that the Army or
Navy has knowledge of other landings
or attempted landings.
Outside of Army circles the Ameri
cans hero arc inclined to believe the
Huerta officials desire the Bavaria war
supplies for strengthening their north
em lines against tho constitutionalists.
General I'unston admitted that he had
no information as to what became of
the shipment after it reached Cordoba,
end it is generally assumed that it
Is already on the way to Mexico City
from which point it probably will be
taken to Federal strongholds, where
Itmmunition is badly needed.
The barbed wire will be of immense
Value to the small garrisons along the
railway from the capital, which are
protecting the federal lines of com
AUTO STREETCAR PLANNED
Service for Pendleton Promised With
PEXULETOX, Or., May 27. (Spe
cial.) An automobile 'bus service as the
best substitute lor a streetcar system
is soon to be inaugurated in Pendleton
by Penland Brothers, according to an
ouuncement made by them today.
Regular routes through the streets
carrying the heaviest foot traffic are
to be laid out and the auto 'busses run
on a regular time schedule.
SUGAR FIRST CANAL CARGO
Initial lelglit at Panama Paid on
Shipment Towed Through.
NEW YORK, May 27 The steamer
elon. which arrived today from Cristo
bal, brought the first freight that came
through the Panama Canal.
The cargo consisted of 21,000 sacks
of sugar, and was towed through the
canal on barges.
It is the first cargo to pay through
REPORT COMES ITiOM IX) REST
IX TAR SIBERIA.
Swedish Government Orders Inves
tigation of Report That Slay
Solve 1 7-Xear-Old M ystcrj .
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, May 27. What
is believed to be the remains of the
balloon in which Professor Salamon A.
Andree ascended from Dane's Island,
near Spitzbergen, July 11, 1S97. in an
attempt to reach the North Pole, have
been found in a forest in Eastern Si
beria, according to a telegram received
at the Swedish Foreign Office today
fsom Yakutz. Investigation of the re
ported discovery has been ordered by
The Arctic explorer was accompanied
by two scientists, and after they left
Dane's Island no report was received
from the party.
Although traces of Andree's balloon
have been reported at various places,
and while even the body of the famous
Swedish Arctic explorer was said to
have been discovered on the coast of
Labrador, nothing has ever been estab
lished definitely as to what actually
happened to the expedition or what be
came of the balloon.
Andree and two. companions, Messrs.
Strindberg and Fraenkel, started from
Dane's Island in the hope of being car
ried by trade winds to the North Pole.
The explorer believed the steady cur
rent of air would take him into the
polar regions in a week, carry him over
the pole and land him safely in North
America. Five buoys from the balloon
have been picked up.
Many searching expeditions have re
turned unsuccessful. In January, 1910,
dispatches from Prince Albert, Sask..
said that Bishop Pascal announced he
had received letters from a missionary
telling of the supposed finding of An
dree's balloon by Eskimos near Rein
deer Lake, in the Arctic circle. 900
miles north of Prince Albert.
FOUR AUT0ISTS ARRESTED
One - Driver Smashes Into Lamp
post, 3 Ilitvo So License Tags.
Four automobile drivers were caught
in the police dragnet yesterday. Arthur
Rudeen, a butcher, 19 years old, was
arrested at First and Montgomery
streets, by Patrolman Courtney, on a
charge of reckless driving. Courtney
says that Rudeen went up First street
at such speed that he ran into a lamp
post when he met a wagon coming
down the street. The automobile was
wrecked. No one was injured.
Thomas Reynolds, a collector, 30
years old,' was krrested at Fourth and
Oak streets for an alleged violation of
the state automobile law for having no
state license tag.
Oscar Golien, a chauffeur, IS years
old, and R. S. Farrell, a merchant, 44
years old, were arrested on similar
ELK HERD IS NUISANCE
Game Animals Imported Into Puget
Sound Destroying Crops.
SEATTLE, Wash., May 27. State
Game Warden L. H. Darwin has asked
the United States Government to take
back the herd of Montana elk liberated
near Startup, Snohomish County, the
animals having become a nuisance be
cause of their depredations on farms.
The Federal authorities will ship the
Startup herd to Oregon if the beasts
can be corralled.
It was supposed that the animals
would browse in the mountains, but
instead they have come down to the
river bottoms, seeming to know that
they were protected by law.
SPELLING BEES ON TODAY
Twenty Thousand Portland Pupils
AYill Enter Contest.
Today marks the renewal of the
spelling bee In the Portland schools for
pupils In those grades between the
fourth and ninth inclusive, some 20,000
in number. Fifty words will be pro
pounded today and the remaining 50 of
the allotted number tomorrow.
Frizes will ultimately be awarded to
the school having the highest average,
to the school having the largest num
ber of perfect individual scores and
each of the grades that excels in its
MERCY TO CRIMINALS HIT
Society Is Too Ready to Intervene,
Says ex-Chief Justice.
CHICAGO, May 27. Society is too
ready to Intervene in behalf of the
criminals, according to John B. Wins
low, former Chief Justice of the Su
preme Court of Wisconsin, in an iad
dress to the Illinois Bar Association to
"The unwritten law, or sentimental
nonsense, is invoked to prevent ade
quate punishment," he said. "Our pres
ent system operates to defeat justice,
and mercy to the criminal is cruelty
to the state."
TIME CHANGE IS ASKED
Council Urged to Operate Spokane
on Mountain Time Hereafter.
SPOKANE. Wash., May 27 The City
Council of Spokane had before it today
a communication asking that the Coun
cil order that Spokane be operated on
Mountain time instead of Pacific time.
The reason is that Spokane would then
have one hour more of daylight In the
The railroads change from Mountain
to Pacific time less than 100 miles east.
WEEK IS EXPECTED
Principles Said to Have
MEDIATORS CONFER ON TRAIN
Mexico's Internal Problems to
Be Partly Avoided.
DELAY THUS IS PREVENTED
Except That Huerta's Dignity AYill
Be Upheld, Xo Information as
to Kate of Dictator Is Of
fered by Officials.
NIAGARA FALLS. Ont.. May 27.
Disposition of the Mexican problem by
mediation had so far progressed at the
end of today's conference that it was
predicted a protocol would be signed
within a week.
The main Issues are understood to
have been satisfactorily worked out in
principle and it now only remains to
be determined whether certain issues
of comparatively minor importance
shall be Included In the scope of the
negotiations. Issues of this nature
were understood to have been the sub
ject of a conference held today in To
ronto between the mediators and the
American delegates before attending
the garden party given to the Duke
and Duchess of Connaught and the
mediation colcny. ,
Issues Discussed on Train.
En route tonight from Toronto back
to Niagara Falls the mediators com
municated the views of the Americans
to the Mexican delegates in informal
discussions aboard the special car.
The points yet to be taken up, it is
understobd, relate chiefly to internal
problems, and it is known to be the
disposition of the mediators, if it is de
cided to seek an agreement upon them
at all, to treat them only in the form
of recommendations for the guidance
of the new provisional government,
which it is hoped will be established in
Mexico. - - -
Internal Problems Avoided.
The attitude of the Mexican repre
sentatives is that these internal prob
lems, while by no means unimportant
to Mexico itself, should not be entered
into by this tribunal, inasmuch as the
discussion of one would lead to an
other. Thus almost interminable de
lay would result before a common
understanding could be reached.
In this connection the Mexican dele
gates brought up. as an illustration, the
Governorships of Mexican states and
the problem of the relation of the state
governments to the provisional federal
government, when it shall have been
tConcluded on Page a. fe
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 61
degrees; minimum. 47 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair and warmer, northwesterly
War material tor Huerta landed at Puerta
Mexico; Punstoa - siezes vessel at vera
Cruz. Page 1.
Protocol within week is expected by media
torn. Paze 1.
Remains of Andree's balloon reported found
in Siberian forest. Page 1 -Domestic.
Missouri Republicans invite Progressives to
. return to fold. Page 1. -
Presbyterians favor study of Bible in " pub
lic schools. Page 3.
Existing- treaties declared not so advanced
as tuose of years ago. Page 2.
Heat and humidity Intense in East. Page 1.
Captain Griffiths will plead mental unbal
ance In defense. Page H.
Astronomer confirms nebular hypothesis.
Coast League results Portland 5, Los An
greles ; Oakland 4, Venice 2 (2(1 innings);
Sacramento 3. San Francisco 1. Page 14.
Northwestern League results Spokane 3,
Vancouver 2; Victoria 3, Tacoma 1; Portland-Seattle
game postponed, rain.
W. M. Ladd and Mrs. J. C. Alnsworth win
mixed foursomes. Page 15.
Durbar II. American Colt wins English
Derby, carrying 32.C0t stakes. Page 10.
Cofts get Elmer Hanson. Page 1.
Oaks beat Venice in 20 - inning same.
New auto record established at Indianapolis.
Premium list announced for Multnomah
County Fair. Page .
Commonwealth conference begins two-day
session at Oregon University. Page 6.
Commercial and Marine.
Local fruit Jobbers decline to be dravn
into banana war. Page 21.
Wheat averages higher at Chicago owing
to decrease In world's supply. Page 21.
Sharp grains scored by leading wall street
stocks. Page XI.
Necessity for dredging channels emphasized
by Federal engineer. Page 20.
Lighthouse Inspector Beck rearranges "aids
to navigation" in Columbia. Pago 'JO.
Fortlmnd and Vicinity.
Queen of Rosaria and aidea filmed among
rosea Page 20.
City's efficiency system declared to be dis
mal failure. Page 13.
W. W. Robinson and E. K. Oppenheimer ex
onerated on conspiracy charges. Page 7.
Weather report, data and forecast, page 21.
Dead to be honored by Portland ' on Me
morial day. Page 9.
Clergy will watch by dead bishop's bier until
lunerai. rage v.
News about railroads. Page 21.
WASTE OF BILLION CHARGE
Americans Declared Good iariners
and Had Spenders by Banker.
' OAKLAND, Cal., May 27. "Americans
spend more than $1,000,000,000 a year
in a search for useless, senseless pleas
ure, and this is threatening the finan
cial prosperity of the land," said L. P.
Behrens, president of the California
Bankers' Association, to delegates at
tendhrg- the stater- convention which
."Americans know how to make
money; but they do not know how to
spend or save it," Mr. Behrens said.
"The people or this country dislike to
be told they -are not thrifty, but they
are thriftless in the extreme.
Convict Sets Himself on Fire.
SAN QUENTIN, Cal.. May 27. George
Brown, a convict, is dead today, having
made a human torch of himself in the
observation cell of San .Quentln peni
tentiary by pouring oil over his cloth
ing and then touching a match to the
saturated garments. This was Brown's
third attempt to commit suicide. Brown
was serving a three-year term for
READY TO RESIGN WITH DIGNITY.
in Hospitable Mood.
COMMON MISSION T3.uQ
Disastrous Policy of Present
PROTECTION HELD NEED
Those Who Will Stand Side by Side
in Fight for American Policy Sot
to Be Asked About Votes
Two Years Ago.
ST. LOU IS. May 27. The state con
vention of the Republican party held
out open arms today to the Progres
sives of Missouri to return to the fold
of Republicanism. It ratified the Na
tional committee's proposal of a reduc
tion of the representation of the South
ern States at the National convention
and denounced the present National Ad
ministration as one with a "vacillating,
un-American and disastrous" policy.
James E. Watson, of Indiana, Repub
lican "whip" of the National House of
Representatives under the Roosevelt
administration, made the principal ad
dress of the day and at its height was
overcome by the heat. For half an hour
three physicians were in attendance on
Mr. Watson and then he resumed his
address amid cheers.
Disastrous Tariff Denounced.
He was referred to by subsequent
speakers as a "man who would some
day soon be a candidate for an office
upon which the whole country votes."
Both Mr. Watson" and Representative
Dyer, of- St. Louis, in addresses as
serted that the recently enacted tariff
law was proving disastrous to the
United States arid quoted statistics
from reports of the present Adminis
tration to prove this contention.
"The Democratic party has failed
signally to carry out the pledges of Its
party," Mr. Watson said. "Wilson dur
ing his campaign declared himself
against secret legislation. let never
before was a tariff bill railroaded
through Congress as was the Underwood-Simmons
Congress Held Under Compulsion.
"President Wilson dragged the House
up like a third-reader class and the
Senate like a fifth-reader class and
said to them, 'Recite or you get no pie.'
"As to the Progressives, I want to
close the door on that matter. If a
man will stand at ray side against our
common enemy the Democratic party
I will not ask him how he voted -two
Concluded on Page 2.)
WEATHER IN EAST
IS HOT AND HUMID
STREET XUEBMOMEIEKS -IS
WASHINGTON' REGISTER, 100.
Mercury Near Record - Breaking
Mark in Many Slates Real Re
lief Delayed Lntil lYiday.
A wave of
..'.teiiae midsummer heat
by enervating humidity, settling over
the Atlantic States and the Ohio and
the Middle Mississippi valleys, brought
temperatures today near record-breaking
points. Richmond, Va., with a
temperature of S3 degrees, was the only
place where the mercury established a
In Washington the enclosed ther
mometers at the elevated Weather Bu
reau registered 95 decrees, while those
on the streets marked 100, the official
figure within one degree of the record
for the warmest May day since 1870.
In many cities throughout tho East
tho temperature reached a point only
one degree lower than that in Wash
ington. New Tork, Boston and Phila
delphia all sweltered, with the official
thermometers showing 94 degrees. In
the West, St. Louis, Evansvllle and
Terre Haute had temperatures of 92 de
geres. Slightly cooler weather was prom
ised the East during the remainder of
the week by the Bureau experts to
night, but the indications are that no
real relief will come until Friday, when
a disturbance swooping down from the
Northwest may bring general thunder
EX-ACTOR TO DRILL CHOIR
Church Buys Auto for Frltzl Scheff's
Once Leading Man.
HOOD RIVER, Or., May 27. (.Spe
cial.) O. T. Wedemeyer, for two years
leading man with Fritzl Scheff, the in
comparable French singer, will be
choirmaster of the Unitarian Church
for the next two years.
Mr. Wedemeyer lives on his West Side
orchard. He declined to undertake his
new choral duties unless the church
bought him an automobile to get back
and forth. The automobile was pur
chased today, the first instance, per
haps, that a church in the liorthwest
has made such an enterprising Invest
ment. OREGON BOX WINS' POINT
House Committee Agrees to Get Ac
. tion on 1 taker Bill.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, May 27. Representatives
Hawley and Sinnott, of Oregon, and
Raker of California, appeared today
before the House committee on coin
age, weights and measures and urged a
favorable report on the Raker bill
adopting the Oregon apple box as the
standard container for apples through
out the United States.
After hearing their argument the
committee agreed to take the bill up
for action Friday and the Western
members were led to believe the bill
will be favorably reported.
REFERENDUM HALTS WORK
Million Dollar Station Waits While
People Vote on Agreement.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 27. The
southern Pacific Company stopped
work today on the construction of
$1,000,000 station at Third and Town
send streets as a result of the filing of
a referendum petition for a vote of the
people on the agreement made be
tween the company and the Supervisors
regarding the new terminal.
Work was being rushed to finish the
terminal for 1915. Two hundred and
twenty-five men were laid off.
INDIANS HELP DRYS WIN
Xcz Perce County, Idaho, Lost by
Wets, Despite Lewiston Majority.
SPOKANE. Wash., May 27. (Special.)
. Nez Perce County, Idaho, voted "dry"
at today's local option election, the Fro
hlbiton forces having a majority of 22.
Lewiston proper voted "wet," but the
county unit prevails, hence the whole
county will be dry.
The election will be contested by the
"wets" on the ground that Indians were
allowed to vote. The Indians are said
to be on the prohibition side.
CLASS OF 24 GRADUATES
Grants Pass High School Has Its
GRANTS PASS, Or.. May 27 (Spe
cial.) Graduating exercises of the
high school were held in the opera
house tonight. The address to the class
was made by Governor West.
The diplomas were delivered to the
graduates by George Calhoun, chair
man of the board of directors. There
are 24 in the class that received parch
ment. Flowers in profusion decorated
CANAL ZONE HAS QUAKE
30-Second Shock More Violent Than
Last but Locks Xot Hurt.
COLON. May 27 A severe earth
shock lasting more than 30 seconds oc
curred tonight. It was much stronger
than any of the seismic disturbances
felt in the Canal Zone last October.
No damage was done locally, so far
as reported. The officials at Gatun de
scribed the shock as very strong, and
had no knowledge up to a late hour of
any damage to the canal.
President Says Know!
edge Banishes Hate.
"INSIGHT" UNITING WORLD
'Races We Despise' Are Those
We Do Not Know.
NEW UNIVERSITY OPENED
Ceremony Attended by President and
Two Cabinet orflccrs Daniels
Sas Patriotism and Relig- -Ion
WASHINGTON, May 27. President
Wilson and two members of his Cabi
net, Secretaries Bryan and Daniels,
participated today in the formal open
ing of the American University, tho
new National. Methodist Episcopal
school located on tne Potomac Heights
overlooking the Nation's Capitol.
Bishop Earl Cranston, of Washing
ton, presided at tho ceremonies, held
on the university campus and attended
by thousands of educators and church
men from all parts of the United
States. The late President McKinley
and Colonel Roosevelt laid cornerstone
of buildings for the university, which
was projected 25 years ago by Bishop
Comprehension Is Real Difficulty.''
"Scholarship, It seems to me," Fresi.,
dent Wilson said in his address, "is
the mastery, the exact mastery, and
comprehension of great bodies of
knowledge, and the comprehension is
more difficult than the mastery. It is
much easier to aoquire than it is to
Interpret, and yet all knowledge is
dead which is not interpreted. The
vision of the scholar Is worth more to
the world than his industry.
"It la knowledge, properly Interpre
ted, seen with a vision of Insight, that
is uniting the world, the spirits of the
People Despised Because A'ot Know a.
The President told an anecdote of
Charles Lamb, who said he was never
able to hate any man he knew. "There
are races whom we despise," he added,
"and it generally turns out that we de
spise them because we do not know
them. We have not found the same
common footing of humanity with
which to touch and deal with them.
"The object of scholarship, the ob
ject of all knowledge, is to understand,
is to comprehend. Is to know what tho
need of mankind is. That is the rea
son why scholarship usually has been
more fruitful when associated with re
ligion; and scholarship has never, so
far as I can at this moment recollect,
been associated with any religion ex
cept the religion of Jesus Christ.
Christian Auspices Appropriate.
"The religion of humanity and the
comprehension of humanity are of the
same breed ana kind, and they go to
gether. It is very proper, therefore,
that under Christian auspices a great
adventure of the mind, a great enter
prise of the spirit, should be entered
President Wilson emphasized the fact
that the mind owes allegiance and sub.
servience to nobody but God, and sug
gested that the opening of another uni
versity was but the addition of one
more means of emancipating the hu
man mind from fear and misunder
standing. In conclusion he said:
"So we are here setting upon this hill,
as upon a high pedestal, once more the
compass of human life with its great
needle pointing steadily at the lodestar
of the human spirit. Let every man
who wishes to know come and look
upon this compass and thereafter de
termine which way he will go."
Religion and Patriotism Kin.
Secretary Daniels described the Navy
as a great university and emphasized
the fact that patriotism and religion
have always gone hand n hand. He in
sisted that religion and education must
also be united.
"Only this week," he said, "a distin
guished preacher in New York declared
that 'our universities are controlled by
capital and do not heed the call of
struggling humanity.' Your university,
fortunate in its environment and for
tunate in its scope, cannot fail to hear
the call to serve humanity. It will
hear the clear call that Wesley heard
at Oxford and put all learning and sci
ence under contribution for the open
ing of doors of help and opportunity to
struggling men and women."
"EUGENICS" MOVE OPPOSED
Medico-Psychological Society Votes
Against Marriage Supervision.
BALTIMORE. May 27'. The Ameri
can Medico - Psychological Association,
at Its annual convention today, refused
to go on record as favoring hygienic
marriage laws. The resolution adopted
by the council of the association recom
mending the enactment of laws requir
ing a clean bill of health and evidence
of a normal mind before the issuance
of a marriage license was tabled by a
Resolutions recommending the segre
gation of the feeble-minded, Imbeciles
or other mental delinquents, and the
establishment of separate institutions
for their care, were adopted unanimously.