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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 25, 1914)
"TTTF! UTOTJNT'N'OI- OTfFOCVSTAX. MONDAY, 3IAY' 25, x 1914.
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PORTLAND, MONDAY, MAY 86, 1914.
i prospects op Tine MJEJSLvroiiS., .
Contrary to the habits of men with
; "Spanish blood In their veins, the me
; diators between the United States and
I the Huerta government of Mexico are
i hurrying their work. They must
needs hurry lest there be no Huerta
i government ' to mediate -with. The
federals no longer show fight, but
abandon Important points like Saltillo
: to retreat southward. Their present
: purpose seems to be to "concentrate
' for a last stand at Queretaro. There
the rebels are preparing to close in
; on them from all directions. But they
' may not fight even there, for the of
i fleers seem not to have much faith in
. the .-fidelity of their men and cannot
; view with equanimity the prospect of
. being' deserted on the field of battle
; by their troops and of being shot at
; sunrise, according to Villa's practice,
tit becomes the mediators to hurry lest
the constitutionalists be In practically
.'undisputed control of the whole coun-
,Mexlcan delegates and President Wil
i son on a plan of pacification. If Car-
ranza and Villa in control at Mexico
! City should inform the mediators that
they will pacify and govern Mexico
I without foreign aid or interference,
the gentlemen in session at Niagara
I Falls would.be in a humiliating po-
: The Mexican delegates at Niagara
Falls figure no. longer as representa
: tives of Huerta. They are represent
'. atives of the Clentificos, who have
; been backing Huerta but are now
; readyo throw him over in order to
; save what' thfy can for themselves.
1 'I' 1 - - .. A . J. ii o H -. - t nAneanf
- to Huerta's resignation on condition
.U-Uiat the interests of their class be
'. guarded. Huerta and his cliquebelng
barred from succession to the Presi
; dency, they iwill hold that Carranza,
: Villa, Zapats and other rebel leaders
; be barred also. They may ask that
the United States call a halt on the
. advance of the constitutionalists to the
capital pending negotiations, in order
i)m t 1 1 r r'h'ini'.i muv tnlrf nlji In tHA
' situation. They may demand that
more vigorous effort be made to bring
! the constitutionalists into the confer
j ence andto bind that party to accept
; lis verdict.
'. Huerta's resignation being contin-
gent on. the personality of his terapo
I rary successor and on the composition
of that successor's government, con
; troversy is likely to arise at the out
I set. The constitutionalists maintain
that Huerta is a usurper, that they de-r-nounced
him as such on the day after
Madero's deposition and while the
latter was still alive, and that they are
fighting simply to drive out he
- usurper and to restore constitutional
rule. They may fairly say that their
J ' military success constitutes a mandate
from the Mexican people to take
- : charge of the government until a law
: 1 Tul President has been elected. .They
. . 1 11 I v , i Ki is i ' i ......... a.
; breathing spell . by halting their
vgainst this position the Huerta
delegates may quote President Wil
: son's Mobile declaration against revo
, ; lntionlats who rise to power by force
'. : of arms and with blood on their hands.
- . They may attempt to use the Presi
, : dent's disclaimer of territorial ag
grandizement against further armed
intervention and to ask for a renewal
' of this pledge as directly applied to
Mexico. Then niay ensue an effort to
, find a man for provisional President
; ; who is in sympathy with the victorious
; ' party Tut is not objectionable to the
President Wilson's best prospects of
-. success lie in the fact that his princi
pal desire for Mexico is the same as
the chief feature in the constitutional
ist programme elevation of the sub
merged So per cent of the population
by restoring the land to the people
.and by establishment of democratic
rule by the efforts of the Mexicans
themselves rather than under Ameri
can tutelage. He may falL foul of
Carranza and Villa by opposing the
policy of confiscating large land hold
Jngs which they have followed in the
north and by insisting that the holders
.shall.be compensated. At that point
would be in sympathy with the
, Cientiflcos, who would protest against
."being driven out. landless and in pov
. .erty. as were the French aristocrats
In 1793. On that point the mediators
- 'vould rrobably be or-one mind with
.' 'Mr. Wilson, for they are doubtless
"drawn from and representative of the
"property-owners in South . America
i .- w ho would not countenance confisca
- "tion in Mexico lest it be mado a prece
. tdent for other countries.
As the work of the mediators
r shapes itself, the difficulties become
"apparent, but they seem not insuper
""able. Carranza hs fhnwn a disposi-
tion to resent the slightest interfer
ence from the United States, but Villa
professes friendship - for and confl
. - dence In this country. The latter has
: "develoced from a bandit into a gen-
eral possessing great military genius
and a grasp of affairs which bespeaks
; "native ability despite his illiteracy.
His successes have made him the
dominant figure among the rebels.
ven over .Carranza. If he can be con-
-vinced of the wisdom of compensating
the landowners, he may carry his
' party with him, and the Cientiflcos
may be glad to accept such terms dic
tated by Mr. Wilson and their victor
With the agrarian question settled
,.the mast fruitful cause of revolution
'-..in Mexico would be removed and the
republic might become as peaceful
and prosperous as Ireland has been
"tsince the land-purchase law became
. -. fully effective The oppressed peons
- have always bee.i a good recruiting
TEround for the revolutionary forces of
-"disgruntled politicians. Given a stake
L in the country and a taste of civic or
der, they may prove the rcadji means
of suppressing- revolution at its incep
tion, and may make Mexico as pro
ductive as its resources are wonderful.
1H HE CONSCIOUS OF PAfLURKT
One by one the fair promises made
by President Wilson before his inaug
uration are being forgotten. We have
none of that "pitiless publicity," of
doing .business in the open, which he
nromlsed. lift no lonsrer meets news-
yu.per men to i&ik over uuuiic attains.
He confers in secret with party lead
ers in- Congress. Little of the proceed
ings of Cabinet meetings leaks out.
The -explanation is that the Presi
dent -chafes under criticism. He can
not endure to have men "talk back"
and ask for explanations. Therein he
shows the infirmity of character of the
schoolmaster. He has been accus
tomed to have his class sit mute,
drinking tn the words of wisdom
which fall from his lips, asking ques
tions only to gain more light from the
great source of light. To have men
calmly assume that their judgment is
as good as his, that they may be right
and he wrong, is irritating , to the
pedagogue. If his opinions cannot be
taken as gospel, he will not utter them.
These symptoms of irritation, of im
patience at criticism, are the outward
signs of an inward consciousness that
he has failed. They contrast with the
erene air wherewith he pressed for
ward step by step iir carrying out his
programme during his first year. Then
he felt that public opinion was with
him and he was fortified by the con
sciousness that he spoke with its au
thority. Now he must realize that
public opinion Is against him .on his
foreign policy. Then he spoke as the
leader of a united party; now his party
is divided and some of the severest
criticisms of his policies have come
This being his frame of mind after
a seant fifteen months in office, what
will it be when his term draws to its
close? When the offices have all been
distributed and that gratitude which
is a sense of favors to come has grown
weak; when the account of his suc
cesses -and failures is being cast up in
the public mind and in the speeches
ofhis opponents; when jealous rivals
for the succession are giving treacher
ous dagger-thrusts from behind, will
he be able to keep his poise or will he
give, way, as have others in like posi
tion, to those bursts of anger which
spring from the thought of hopes
blasted, iigh purpose miscarried
friends proved false, from the weari
ness of a long and arduous task almost
done and from the prospect of retire
ment from the place of power and
conspicuity to the ranks of the people?
That time will show of what metal he
is made. He seems to begin over early
to weaken under tne'strain.
PROMISES WITH A STRING.
Several of the anti-free tolls news-
papersplace great stress upon the poll
of delegates to the Baltimore conven
tion recently conducted by Senator
Gore. It appears that 702 now favor
repeal, 127 oppose it and 38 are non
committal. But the poll is somewhat belated
It is taken after the President and
leader of the Democratic party has in
effect admitted the existence of diplo
matic entanglements calling for a con
cession by the American people. Of
course all worshippers at the Demo
cratic shrine who once voted for the
free tolls plank in the platform are
now against it. Nor is it a matter of
uncertain speculation as to how. they
would feel about it if the President
were engaged in upholding instead of
repudiating his party platform. The
102 delegates want what President
Wilson wants; that Is all.
But the New York. World triumph
antly produces the banner evidence
against the free tolls plank. It quotas
from a newspaper of July 2, 191Z,
Chairman Kern, of the resolutions commit
tee, then read tBa platform. There was so
nniifVi onnfminn in the hall that only those
within a"few feet of him could hear a word
U Is a fortunate' discovery. The
evidence can be used to excuse inac
tion on other planks in the Demo
cratic platform as well as excuse re
pudiation of the canal tolls pledge.
There is the Presidential single-term
dank. - Of course nobody heard it
read. Doubtless a poll of the dele
gates would now show unalterable
opposition to it by a great majority,
ince the President does not seem to
There is also the plank pledging
immediate" opening of the resources
of Alaska. The period defined 'by the
word "immediate," , we take It, has
flitted with the fifteen months that
have rolled by since the Administra
tion came Into cgntrol. But of course
there was so much confusion in the
hall that nobody heard this part of the
platform read. Besides a poll has not
been taken to determine how the dele
gates now feel about it.
The Democratic platform closes with
this high-sounding paragraph.
rt,,r- nifttfnrm is one of Tirinciples which we
believe to be essential to our National wel
fare. Our pledges are made to De Kepi
when in office as well as relied upon during
ti mmniitn. and we invite the co-opera
tion of all citizens, regardless of party, wno
believe in maintaining unimpaired the in
stitutions and tradition o our country.
But it is not to be taken literally
What It means Is this:
"So much of our platform as we
have been able to hear above the con
fusion in the hall is one of principles
which we aejieve to be essential to
our National welfare. Our pledges are
made to be kept when in office
provided we do not change our
mind after our candidates have been
COLOMBIA'S JOKE CONSTITUTION.
A former deputy to the Colombian
Congress writes to the New York
Times explaining why Colombia re
jected the Hay-Herran treaty giving
it JIO.OOO.OOO for the canal concession
and why the proposed payment of
$25,000,000 is just. He says Colom
bia re-fused to Tatify the treaty be
cause it alienated, territoryxln violation
of the constitution and because Mr.
Koosevelt sent an ultimatum forbid
ding amendment. He says the Colom
bian Senate desired to amend the treaty
so as to force the French company to
settle with Colombia beforev trans
ferring the concession and to as to
eliminate the clause giving American
courts jurisdiction in Colombian ter
ritory. Ho quotes James T. Du Bois,
President Taft's Minister to Bogota, as
valuing the canal and railroad rights
of Colombia at $49,946,000, and then
says Colombia is willing ..to accept
half this sum without anything fo
the loss of her territory orthe in
juVv to her commerce.
Tha sounds plausible until we look
into the facts. The Colombian consti
tution is as great a joke as that of
Mexico. President Marroquin, havin
made himself dictator and set asid
the constitution, granted the canal
company a six-years' extension of its
concession. He sent Mr. Herran to
negotiate the canal treaty. He then
ominally re-established the constitu
tion and faked the election ot--a Con
gress which rejected the treaty. The
same Congress, Marroquin's tool, pro
posed - to annul the extension of the
concession because the same. Marro
quin had granted it in violation of
the constitution. After'' Panama re5
volted Generar Reyes offered to fake
the election of a new Congress, which
would accept the American terms.
The Colombian 'constitution thus
proves to be as -elusive" as the pea
under the shell. Now you see fT and
now you don't. Foreign nations and
concession-holders are razzle-dazzled
by a kaleidoscopic -Change from dicta
torial to constitutional rule and back
again, the same man repudiating as
president that which he had done as
dictator. This man tries to make the
United States a party to his repudia
tion. When we refuse, his tools re
ject the treaty he has authorized his
envoy to make. When the Panama
revolution spoils his hold-up game
and leaves him with nothing to sell,
heaOffers to accept what we were will
ing to pay in the TTfst instance.
To this nation of boastful bucca
neers Mr. Bryan proposes that We
apologize and pay two and a half
times as much as it was willing to
accept from President Roosevelt. That
sum of 125,000,000 shows that Colom
bians estimate President 'Wilson and
Secretary Bryan two and a half times
as "easy" as they estimated President
Roosevelt and Secretary Hay.
A PROMISING SCHEME.
The Governor of Nebraska haa rec
ommended to the United States Gov
ernment a project which willx be of
wide application if it should ever be
carried into effect. It Is not an irri
gation scheme, although it has the
appearance of one at first glance.
Everybody knows that an immense
quantity of snow falls each, Winter on
the long eastern slopes of the Rocky
Mountains. Their comparatively gen
tle declivity on that side gives a vast
extent to their watershed and makes
the Spring melting of the- enormous
snow accumulations comparatively
slow. But whether slow or swift the
melting goes on with the approach of
every successive Summer and the wa
ter flows down to swell the stream
of the Missouri and ultimately of the
Mingled with the already sur
charged currents of these rivers this
additional water does nobody any
good but it often does a great many
people serious injury. The more wa
ter the Mississippi is required to ca.rry
during the flood season the graver
the peril to the levees on the lower
river and the heavier the lossesto
the farmers- and others who dwell
along its banks. '
The Governor of Nebraska proposes
to turn this annual peril into an an
nual benefit to entire states and
thereby to "the whole country. The
semi-arid regions of Western Nebras
ka and neighboring states lie at a
level of about 100 feet above the sur
face of the rivers which traverse
them. It would therefore be a com
paratively easy engineering feat to
divert the waters of tjiese streams out
over the surrounding country. No
doubt the power generated at the
necessary dams would more than pay
all the expenses of the enterprise if
it were properly husbanded. .
Now we come to the distinctive fea
tures of the Governor's plan. It has
been discovered by scientists that the
soil of the region under consideration
will retain the water which soaks into
it for an indefinite period. A supply
provided in early Spring will be stored
and held with little loss month after
month until it is absorbed by the
roots of growing plants. Thus the
water which would otherwise be
worse than wasted as overflow in the
Mississippi can be - saved by an ex
tremely simple process and utilized to
increase the crops of a great region
of fertile land. The productive ca
pacity ! of this land is incalculable
when ample water can be supplied to
it. The scheme under consideration
would provide the water.
One of the principal merits of ttra
project is that it would not Interfere
with any irrigation plants. The water
would be diverted from the rivers
long before regular irrigation begins.
When the time cam for the farm
ers lower down to irrigate their crops
the diversion of water from the up-
per rivers would have ceased. Thus
the Governor's plan would confer a
double benefit upon the country. It
is now receiving consideration from
the proper officials at Washington
A survey is to be made to determine
more accurately upon its - feasibility
and It is within the bounds of pos
sibility that something of the sort
may be done upon an immense stale
before many years have passed away.
The problem of river control in the
Middle West would thus be solved in
an unexpected manner.
HOPES OF KEI1 BLICAJN" SUCCESS.
Republican hopes of success in the
Congressional elections of next No
vember are raised high by the blun
ders of the Wilson Administration and
by the disintegration of the Progres
sive party. The degree to which those
hopes will be realized 1b contingent to
some extent on the personal influence
of ex-President Roosevelt in the cam
paign and on the moral effect on pro
gressive Republican and Progressive
party voters of the denomination or
Senator. Penrose in Pennsylvania.
The issues of the campaign are such
that both opposition parties will fight
the Demo'crats from the same position.
With few exceptions Republicans and
Progressives are united on canal tolls,
on Mexico and - on the Colombian
treaty. As to the canal and the Co
lombian treaty an irresistible appeal
carr be made to the patriotic senti
ment of the Nation. As to Mexico, a
successful outcome of mediation may
take the edge off of criticism, but the
President cannot escape responsibility
tor having kept' the country in dread
of war for the past year or for provok
ing Mexicans to murder and despoil
hundreds of Americans"-by his impo
tent but irritating meddling with
Mexico's Internal affairs. Partiality in
the schedules, blighting of hopes that
the cost of living would be reduced
and depression in trade expose the
new tariff to Just criticism. Perver
sion 6f the "regional bank system to
pork barrel uses is another sin for
which the Administration must" an
swer and which will detract much
from the credit to which it is entitled
for passage of the currency law. i Sec
retary Bryan's failure as a Foreign
Minister, his revival of the spoils sys
tem in the diplomatic service and his
appointment of incompetent men will
not escape notice.
Whichever of the "two opposition
parties is the stronger and has the bet
ter prospect of -winning will derive ad
vantage from the wounds inflicted on
the Administration by the weaker. The
natural disposition of the voter who is
turned against the- DemocratsJby the
combined assaults will be to support
that party which has the better chance
of gaining power to enb the evils of
which he becomes convinced. ' As
things look now, .such voters will be
apt to turn to the Republican1- party.
The shrinkage in the Progressive party
vote has been so great and so continu
ous as to portend the early disappear-
ance of that party as a political factor.
Only the combined effect of Republi
can blunders, the activity of Colonel
Roosevelt and the action of the Demo
crats in putting weapons into his
hands can revive its fast-waning
One of the blunders is theTenoml-
natlon of Mr. Penrose. He is typical
of all that is worst 'gthe Republican
party of the past boss rule, machine
rule, the old guard, standpattlsm, cor
poration control. His nomination will
probably drive thousands of earnest
Republicans out of the party to choose
between Mr. Plnchot,-the Progressive,
and Mr. palmer, the. Democratic, can
didate. When they come to make that
choice, the redoubtable Colonel will be
present to warn them of the National
dishonor involved in the- canal tolls bill
and the Colombian treaty and thus to
turn them from Democracy to his
third iarty. The Colonel may ' be ex
pected to hold up the continued domi
nation of Mr. Penrose in Pennsylvania
and of Mr. Barnes in New York as
proof that the old party is still under
the rule of the bosses and that salva
tion lies only in hla 'party. Should
these appeals be effective in winning
a large vote 'for Mvr Pinchot and In
holding together a large body of .Pro
gressives throughout the country, the
Colonel may attempt to dictate terms
for reunion as the price offtepublican
victory In 1916.
But the Progressive party is obvious
ly the weaker; It rests with the Re
publicans of boss-free states to make
plain the fact that they are. truly pro
gressive and that the supporters of Mr.
Penrose and Mr. Barnes are a negli
gible remnant of the reactionaries
who brought disaster on the party in
1912. Let them make this demonstra
tion, and the third party will fade
away, leaving the way clear for the
Republicans to contend for supremacy
with the Democrats in 1916.
Senator Gore has 'canvassed the
delegates to the Baltimore convention
on the7 canal tolls plank and has con
vinced himself that 702 of the 867
from whom he has received replies
favor repeal of canal tolls exemption.
He calls this "a conclusive answer to
those who in-spite of the plank against
subsidies 'regard the free tolls plank
as binding on the party." It is noth
ing of. the kind. It is a repudiation
of one of the conditions on which the
Democratic party was given power,
It is useless for the delegates to say
they did not know the plank was in
the platform; they should have known
and the party is Just as much bound
bj it as though they had known. To
obtain office on a platform and then
to repudiate one of its important
planks, .is to obtain office under false
The courts are making progress in
the elimination of technicalities as
causes for new trials or for reversal
of verdicts. In 1895 the Usited States
Supreme Court, three justices dissent
ing, released a convicted man because
he had not been asked to plead. guilty
or not guilty at his trial. The same
court, but with changed membership.
recently refused to reverse the con
viction of Garland in the State of
Washington Mvhen the same ground
was alleged. The second decision Was
unanimous and the opinion is very
similar in -language to the dissenting
opinion in the former case.-
Djiven into the last ditch, the re
pealers say exemption is a subsidy and
therefore contrary to a cardinal
Democratic , doctrine. Subsidy to
whom? Not the 92 per cent of our
coastwise shipping which is railroad-
owned and therefore excluded from
the canal, but to" the 8 per cent which
Is in genuine competition with rail
roads. If exemption be a subsidy to
Independent ships, imposition of tolls
on these ships is a subsidy to those
railroad which have always fought
The clause of the Clayton anti-trust
bill exempting labor unions, farmers'
associations or fraternal organizations
from prosecution is denounced by the
New York Tribune as "a cowardly eva
sion" which doeshot exempt them it
all if they actnallr restrain or monopo
lize trade. It seems impossible to de
vise an effective exemption clause
without laying it open, to the charge of
being class legislation, which the Trib
une says- the Clayton clause is if it
really grants immunity.
The West got what was to be ex
pected when the House refused to
consider the bill extending time of
payment by settlers on reclamation
tracts,' The House is dominated by
Southern Democrats, who would
gladly abolish the Reclamation Serv
ice and turn land office receipts into
the Treasury, in order that their pork
bills may not cause a deficit. The
West, isbelng smitten with the jaw
bone of the Democratic ass.
Really, law seems to be law.Cter
all, and the small xrr infrequent ship
per who thinks the corporations put it
over him will cackle with joy to learn
that a Spokane capitalist has been
fined Heavily for deadheading his own
freight over his own road.
The mitigating feature of the al
leged offense of a man charged with
perjury in obtaining naturalization
papers is the desire to become a citi
zen of this great republic to vote for
the right man:
Husband and wife should have the
privilege of riding on a commutation
ticket in Oregon that is extended them
in Washington. It means more bus!
ne.s for the roads, and traffic is what
Is desired. 1
State Printer Harris-and the Board
are ungallant in placing the $30,000
deficiency as a chargQ against en
franchisement of women, but Adara'i
old excuse is always a good precedent
After lying bound without food o
drink for three weeks, Patmont, th
kidnaped Prohibition orator. Is quali
fied to talk on a "dry" subject.
Having inherited more than a mil
lion, James K. Hackett must proceed
to spend it on ideas, just as would oth
ers under similar circumstances.
Becker will not sit in the chair un
til possibilities of multitudinous tech
ntcalities have been exhausted. That
much is certain.
The Colonel will test his wallop,!
Half, a Century Ago
From The Oregonlan of May 23, 1SG4.
"VT arm Springs Agency. May 22.
Donald McKay, with a few of the In
dians, has just arrived from Captain
tirates command. Donald says that
about 80 milnu ''from here his party
found tb Indians and sent back word
to Captain Drake for 60 men. He sent
30, a number entirely inadequate. These
troops came up about daylight, when
they charged the Snakes with a view
to cuttmz them off from a. rockv knoll.
Lieutenant Vatson', who led the charge
at the head of a small body of his men,
was shot in the bead" and subsequently
horribly mutilated. By some mistake.
Lieutenant JJcCall, in command, with
nis party or men, am not get into the
tight. One of Donald's Indians was
killed; Old Stock Whitney was shot in
three places and badly wounded: Bar
ber, an expressman who went out wfth
Georgfl Rundell, had his thigh broken
by a shot; of the soldiers, two were
killed and five wounded. The whites
were defeated, but recovered the dead
Washington, May 21 Dispatches from
Stanton state that our forces found in
Rome a large amount of provisions
with seven fine iron works and machine
ery. We have secured two good bridges
and an excellent ford across the Eto
wah. Dispatches from Banks, dated
Alexandria, L,a.. May 8, say the dam
which had been in course of construc
tion for tbe purpose of raising water
to release the gunboats would be fin
ished by the 9th. lie would then move
for the Mississippi, s.
Washington, May 21. On Friday even
ing the 20th Grant commenced a move
ment for the purpose of compelling Lee
to abandon his position near Spottsyl
vanta. He has thus far progressed sat
Albany. N. Y., May 23. Governor Sey
mour has directed the District Attor
ney to procure indictments against all
persons who were engaged in seizing
the offices of the World and Journal of
Washington, May 23. In the House
Pruyn, of New York, moved a resolu
tion declaring unconstitutional the con
duct of the executive officers of the
Government in suspending the publi
cation- of the World and Journal of
Commerce. Suspension of the rules that
he might introduce the resolution was
Port au Basque. May 20. The Em
peror and Empress of Mexico arrived
at Maderia on. May 20 and sailed the
same day for Vera Cruz.
A seris of tableaux will be pre
sented at the Willamette Theater to
morrow evening under the management
of the Ladies' Sanitary Aid Society.
Five vehicles were dashing furiously
about the streets yesterday, all about
the same time. ' The stampede was
started by a horse attached to a light
express wagon owned by Mrs. Tromley
of the restaurant. The horse ran down
Third, Alder and First streets, putting
to flight a baker's horse and wagon.
double team ' hitched to a milk wagon
and the large team and wagon of the
Portia-id brewery, the last-named tak
ing the Union House baggage wagon.
horse and all from Pine street to Ash
where it was upset, and the beer wagon
kept on down First, then up A to Park
street, among stumps, logs and cross
ings, throwing lager kegs along the
route. A post in front of the Pioneer
Hotel prevented the milk wagon nrora
entering that establishment.
A large va of not very pure water
about 4 feet deep has been uncovered
by taking up the floor of the old shingle
building, corner of Front and washing
ton streets, into which a small boy fell
last evening. ITS was rescued.
Clams were served up in all shapes
yesterday, we partook of the hospl
tality of Captain Baker at his old stand
in the rear of 13 Washington street.
Our streets were wellicrowded with
farmers' wagons yesterday, many of
which were loaded with grain (or
STILL. HAL.E: AND HEARTY AT 95.
Indian Scoot Tells- of Viait to Portland
PORTLAND, May 23. (To the Edi
tor.) I have seen an item in The Ore-
gonian entitled "Trials and Dangers
of Early Settlers." In it Mr. Roberts
telfs about Mr. Grimes leading a party
to the Boise Basin in 1862. I led 760
men from California via Umatilla to
Lost River, in, Idaho, in 50. We dis
covered gold in Rocky Bar. We came
back to Portland. There was no The
Dalles then. When we came back that
Fall The' Oregonian was started.
paid 25 cents apiece to the kids for
any paper they could bring me to take
back to California.
Later on I became Indian scout, took
the soldiers to Fort Klamath, then
Vancouver, then to Boise City. Then
I left them, and went back and worked
the gold we found in 1850. I .took 100
men of our own company with me.
George Grimes was one of them and
was their Captain.
I am now half way into my 95th
year, can walk from four to five miles
an hour, can heat any pioneer run
ning for a' mile if I wish to try.
am hale and hearty and happy, with
the love of God in my heart. They all
knew the Wild Irishman in those days,
This is written without glasses.
Intlmldatlon of Grand Jore
PORTLAND. May 23.
tor. The grand jury is a body of
seven men, drawn by lot from a jury
list made up of responsible citizens.
Their duty is To- listen to the stories of
wrontr submitted to them, to make
fqrther inquiry, and, when a wrong
presented to them amounts to a crime,
provided there isNevidence. enough to
make it probable that a crime can be
proved, the grand Jury sets in mo
tion the prosecution in the courts.
Formed in the manner ' indicated
grand. - Jury is less likely to beNo-
fluenced by wealtn, power or in
fluence, clamor, abuse or calumny.
than is an official holding-.a. regular
No governmental institution is im
mune from criticism, and it is to be
expected that an attorney for indicted
men would use a column and a half
of newspaper space in abusing the
members of the grand jury. When
a state official, however, undertake
to criticise these men who are simply
substantial citizens d"oing the duty tht
comes to them by chance, he should
at least stop short of attempted in
timtdation. It is for. protection against
his kind that we need grand juries.
, BEN IRWIN.
Nomination of I'nreiatered Candidates.
M'MINNVILLE. Or., May 23. (To the
Editor.) It appears that,one candidate
for a high state office was not reg
lstered when iie filed his petition an
was not registered at all and had to
swear in his vote. Can, his nomina
tion, be taken as legal? "
Tbe law provides that any qualified
elector who has filed his petition and
is registered as a member of a polit
ical party subject to the primary
ae-rT shall have his name printed on
the official nomination' ballot. The
courts would probably hold that this
provision is directory, to the Secre
tary of State and that tbe fact that
candidate whose name appeared on the
ballot was not registered would not
affect his' nomination if he received
plurality and was otherwise qualified to
serve as a state officer.
STATE! PRESS AND THE ELECTION
ewiptsen Dlscusa Result of Reeeat
With the primaries past without civil
war and knifing contests. Rep-iblicans
can truthfully assure themselves that
this is & RepublicaMtayear In Oregon. -
Making; of Splendid Goversior.
Dr. Withycombe will make a splen
did-Governor. He will give this state a
progressive, constructive administra
tion, devoted .to developing . its varied
Pride asd Conflsnre.
Cottage Grove Sentinel.
With the primaries over, the Re
publican party can look with consid
erable pride upon its list of candi
dates and can feel practically certain
of victory in the November elections.
Dark f or Ykamberlaisu
Hood River News.
Mr. Booth has a stIendid record for
public service and is recognized as one
of the first citizens of the state. Sen
ator Chamberlain will assuredly be put
upon his mettle with a- united Repub
lican party in this state and a candi
date of Booth s caliber opposing him.
Balm for Defeated Candidates.
Some candidates are sore over the
result of the election. No use to feel
sore, boys; take your medicine like
men, and remember there ia another
day coming. We are goine-to have a
4-Dusnei wneat crop, anyhow, which
should be a very considerable salve for
Hard Man to Beat.
La Grande Observer.
Dr. Withycombe. as the Republican
candidate for Governor, ia going to be
a hard man to defeat. He ia-as clean
as a man can be; as honest and loyal
as he Is clean, and, above all. a man
whose heart is in the development of
the state, its agricultural possibilities
and the education of the boys and girls
to do practical things.
In Earnest About Booth.
That the Republican party is inter
ested in the election of all the candi
dates' on Via ticket this Fall is evi
denced by the vote cast for candidates
who had no ODDOsltion. Scarcely a bal
lot that was cast in this county but
showed a vote for R. A. Booth tor
United States Senator, and all the local
candidates who are unopposed have
polled the full party strength.
Bennet Supporters Pessimistic.
We lost out on Bennett, much to oir
regret, and we believe that thereby the
Democrats lost the Governor of Oregon,
for Bennett would have been elected.
It is our belief that both the Demo
crats and Republicans nominated their
weakest candidate for Governor. Neither
of them is worth the trouble of scratch
ing the other one for. and the vote
promises to be a straight party one,
and that means a huge Republican ma
Sincere, Upright, Practical.
Dr. James Wltnycombe. of Corvallls,
has been nominated.by the Republicans
of Oregon for Governor. It would have
been Impossible for Republicans of Ore
gon to have picked a more sincere, up
right, practical and loyal man for their
candidate. His handsome Plurality, in
face of the lact that there were a half
dozen other exceedingly deserving can
didates, is evidence of the esteem and
confidence he possesses in the hearts of
the people of Oregon.
On the Fence.
The Herald withholds its Judgment
regarding the merits of the two can
didates who have been nominated to
head the state tickets of the two par
ties in- November. Neither Is a man
whom the Herald advocated, and yet
the Herald feels that neither is a man
whom it could not support When the
Herald is more fully advised regard-
ng these candidates, or possibly a third
one, it will announce its preference
and its reasons for them.
Dr. Withycombe' Peculiar Fitness.
The Republican party in nominating
Dr. Withycombe for Governor did i
wise thing which will be a great ben
efit to the stata For the reason
Oregon is an agricultural state with
an enormous amount of undeveloped
resources and idle unproductive land.
Of alk the candidates who aspired for
office, he was the best Informed man
on agricultural matters and knows
from practical experience how to de
velop the agricultural industry vo
" Vrom Booth to ConMtable.
- St- Helens Mist.
The time has come when the Re
publicans can put up a united fight
for the control of the state govern
ment and the representation in the
United States --Senate. All of these
things rightfully belong to the Re
publican party. They have been kept
out by -factional differences and mis
representation. Now . let us -all get
together and support the ticket from
R. A. Booth down to ' Constable and
put the party in power that does things
and does them right.
Portland'a Good Example.
Every one of the candidates for the
Legislature selected by tha Portland
Business Men's Ceague were nominated
-Lpy the.-Republican party, with every
indication that they will be elected
to represent that city in the next
Legislature. That is one evidence of
the returning popularity xf the Legisla
ture. If good men were selected by
all parties, at all times, to go to the
Legislature its credit would stand
higher among! the people of the state.
Portland has set an example that the
whole state can well afford to foltow.
Beat That Could Have Happened.
The fact that Republican Oregon has
placed Dr. James Withycombe -at the
head of its ticket is a matter of genu
ine congratulation and indicative of the
fine purpose to retrieve the blunder of
eight years ago when they permitted
hla defeat at the hands of George E.
Chamberlain. He is of the very best
the "party has to offer' JJae electorate
and if ever the faith and credit" of
clean- Republicanism demanded expres
sion of its highest virtue it demands
It now in the loyal and unswerving
support of- this fine citizen and servant.
Two HlBh-Grade Candidates.
Dr. Withycombe can carry the Re
publican vote of the state, which is
about 75 per cent of the total
vote. Dr. Withycombe can carry a
large Democratic vote, as be has
beerr known to the people of Ore
gon as a broad-minded citizen and
a man who has the interests of the
state at . heart. The Republican party
being united this year, there is no rea
son why Dr. Withycombe should not be
Elected. He will carry tbe vote of the
Prohibitionists, as he is looked on as a
Oregon is sure Jj have a Republican
Senator in the United States Senate In
Mr. Booth, who was nominated by the
Republicans and w-ho will be opposed
by George E. Chamberlain, the Demo
cratic nominee. . Mr. Booth is a
big man, a clean man and asuccessful
man. His ideas are practical, as he
has demonstrated in his business. This
is the kind of man the people are call
ing, for this year.i and Chamberlain will
undoubtedly meet his "Waterloo."
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of May S5(" 1889.
New York. May 24 The Mcararua
Canal Company has announced that the
steamship Alvena, to sail for Grey
town. Nicaragua. May 25, will carry
about 50 men and implements and
stores, being the pioneer expedition for
me work of building the Nicaragua
Panama, May 24. The unfortunate
consequences of the canal smash are
becoming more marked every day. The
commissioner- sent by the Jamaican
government has already sent away 4000
people ana Has Issued tickets for 3000
more. After all the distressed foreign
ers shall have been removed there will
still be much suffering and, want there.
Colfax. W. T May 24. W. H. Hol-
comb, vice-president of the Union Pa
cific, and C. J. Smith,, general manager
or tne o. it. & rs., passed through to
Rockford on a tour of inspection.
Dlympia. W. T.. May 24 J. N. Gale.
an old and highly respected citizen and
formerly editor of the Transcript, died
last night. v
R. R. Perrish. of Independence, is in
New York; also VH. Meade, of East
is now lighted by elec-
The committee of arrangements for
the reunion of pioneers met yesterday.
General Kapua, Governor - Thompson.
Frank Dekum and the secretary of the
association were present.
It is probable that the steamer T. J.
Potter will be brought back from the
Sound to run "on the river.
The School Board yesterday adopted
the executive committee's report on the
course of study, except the Pollard sys
tem, which was supported by Messrs.
Ladd and Therkelsen and opposed by
Messrs. Durham, George and Thompson.
That subject was set for discussion
Baron von fechelley, a wealthy Ger
man who has- been living at Revenue,
died suddenly on Monday.
The dissension in the ranks of Bat
tery A, O. N. G, ended Thursday night
in its disbandment.
Matsada Sorakifchi. the Japanese
wrestler, defeated James Connors last
Restitution la Proper.
PORTLAND.' May 23. (To the Edi
tor.) Your editorial. "Let Restitution
Be Made," is a most worthy one. I
quote from same as follows:
Then since Ma Morgan was primarily re
sponsible, he should be held financially re
sponsible. He has passed beyond the Juris
diction of human law, but the wealth he
amassed has not. His heirs should be com
pelled to make good out of his estate every
dollar of which the New Haven stockholders
yere despoiled at his dictation. That is tbe
least that Justice can require.
These very same views entered my
mind after reading the testimony of
Mr. Mellen before the Interstate Com
mission. The late financier is re
sponsible for the great losses sustained
by many of the old New England fam-
il.AQ whs. ho4 V. 4 .-. -, .4 1
the New Haven Road. If we live In the
belief of a heaven and hell may I ask
which destination has the soul of the
departed financier, he father of trusts
and mergers and a pillar of the church.V
flitted to? SIRRAH.
An Old Mining Company.
f PORTLAND, May 23.J,To the Edi
tor.) In the year 1876 the "Lucky
Queen" Gold & Silver Mining Com
pany of Oregon was incorporated.
Kindly state if the same is or ever
was in operation. . V
"AN OLD OREGONIAN."
The Lucky Queen Gold & Silver Min
ing Company was incorporated January
20, 1875. Supplemental articles of in
corporation were filed" December 31.
1901. The corporation was dissolved
by the Governor January 20, 1906.
There Is no record in the State Corpo
ration Department as to whether tho
corporation ever actually conducted a
OSTRANDER, Wash May 23. tTo
the Editor.) How long after a person
takes out their first papers before they
can take out their second? If a per
son's fatherhas taken out his first
papers but does not take his second
out until after the son is over 21 does
the son then have to take out papers
too, or can he vote on his father's?
Does it make any difference at what
age a person comes to this country?'
1. Two years, but a person has to be
five years in the United States before
he can become a citizen.
3. No. v
terror In Addition.
IROUTDALB, Or.. May 23. (To the.
Editor.) I wish you would explain
the James D. Abbott and Arthur
Langguth affair.' The " "whole thing
1 1 . . T"3 a - WAa 1 aH tft ViCklfAlTA
that AbDOtt naa ine nomination, trten
we find that Langguth gets It. Kind
ly explain this to a host of your eat-end-of-Multnomah-County
CLARA E. LARSSON.
The erroneous statement that James
D. Abbott had been nominated was the
result of an" error by The Oregonian's
clerical force In tabulating and adding
Chaucer calls, ;her an angel who truth
and grace Imparts,
Shakespeare says her looks are books.
academies and arts;
Tom Moore says she is fickle, Byron
calls her fiend,
Swinburne hails her .eyes as- veils,
wherein her soul lies screened.
Know well these bards! Then doubt,
She Is the-- mirror of the man.
His First Day at School.
Mra Smith (to Percy, who has Just
come home after his first day at a
kindergarten school) Well, dear, and
how did you like going to school?, I
suppose you are the" youngest of all
the little boys, aren't you?
Percy (indignantly) I'm not, mother!
Two of our fellowB come In perambu
lators. The Short-Sighted
does not do himself justice, does
not give his clerks a Bquare deal,
stands in the way of progress of his
own business, and does not do his
duty by the manufacturer when he
fails to display prominently and to
push the advertised goods in prefer
ence to those that are not adver
tised. The manufacturer advertises in
the local newspapers the goods from
which the dealer makes a profit.
The more of that product -sold the
greater the-profit. The dealer should
back up the manufacturer's ads
they benefit the dealer at no expense