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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 2, 1914)
THE MORXIXG OREGOXIAN, SATURDAY, MAY 2, 1914.
tnterl at Portland, Oregon. Fostoffica as
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PORTLAND, SATCKDAY, MAY , 1014.
vriu, mediation bxccekdt
The -way to mediate la to mediate.
If through concession and interces
sion we may have peace with honor
between the United States and
Huerta, or if peace may be restored
In Mexico through conciliation and
Intervention, the duty of the United
States is plain. Our interest and our
feeling are, besides, in accord with
But if we shall hamper the South
American mediators with impossible
conditions, how can mediation suc
ceed? II we shall stipulate, for example,
'that Huerta must be eliminated, it is
clear that we shall in advance have
ourselves deliberately defeated the
"whole purpose of mediation. Tet we
Siave intimated to the world that we
win consent to no interference in
Mexico, and accept no result that does
.jiot qo away wun jnuerta. vve will
not pve tne mediators a tree hand.
We will not confess our cardinal tilun-
oer in opaline- v un rnp pnnra rvi pvt.
can situation. We have failed to
crack the Huerta nut, and we propose
that the A. B. C. mediators, acting for
the United States and for Huerta,
: shall at the outset do for us what we
have not done, and were unwilling to
:do in the only way it could be done
If mediation fails, doubtless we
'shall find a way to blame it all on
Huerta. We do not seriously expect
Huerta to enter into mediation with
honest motives, or to accept in good
.faith the results.
i Yet it may be questioned if our
want of confidence in the sincerity
and integrity of Huerta is sufficient
reason for surrounding attempted me
diation with conditions that insure us
the decision in advance, and that
therefore he is not at all likely to ac
cept. ; BI TCS M VI.IAJKY.
: Rufus Mallory was a fine example
of the old-fashioned American who
raised himself by his own efforts
from humble beginnings to renown
and great usefulness. He was born
on a farm in Western New York some
eighty-two years ago. Conditions
Were primitive in that region then
and the Mallory family had no ad
vantages over their neighbors in op
portunities or culture. The boy be
gan life, as so many other distin
guished Americans have done, by
working on his father's farm, secur
ing an education at odd intervals.
Mallory differed from the other boys
of the neighborhood only by his un
usual gifts and his resolute ambition.
In later years he was accustomed to
say that he "always lacked self-confidence
and newer had exerted him
self as he ought to make opportuni
ties." But this was merely the suc
cessful man severely criticising his
own career. Young Mallory did not
fail to make opportunities for him
self, as every man of commanding
sv.bll.ty always will. He earned by
lhard work the money to pay his way
throusrh one of those excellent old
academies which flourished before
he day of the public high school, and
vfterward attended a teachers' col
Hogs. His youthful ambition was to
prepare himself to teach In the public
He belonged in that very large and
estimable class of our notable men
who have made echoolteaching a step
to something higher. They taught
to make both ends meet while they
were reading law, studying for the
ministry or laying the foundations of
a medical education. It is a question
whether the schools did not thrive
tetter under such management than
they do now. The contact with reso
lute, ambitious personalities was an
excellent thing for the pupils, young
and old. There were no grades. All
the boys and girls studied and recited
in the same room. The little ones
were inspired to effort by the
enlevements of the more advanced
The teacher led them all forward by
a Judicious neglect. Young Mallory
probably applied in his schools the
fundamental Montessori principle
that too much help for the child is
fcad. Much should be left to his own
initiative. This was the crowning
merit of the old-fashioned country
schools in which Mallory earned the
money that paid his fare to Oregon
In his westward progress he dwelt for
a time in Iowa, but Oregon was the
goal of his ambition and, in the year
!So9, he reached the place which had
glowed in his youthful visions with
11 the beauty of a promised land.
In those days there were three call
ings to which an ambitious American
boy might look forward with the hope
of earning honor and leadership, law,
medicine and the ministry. Young
Mallory had chosen the law, and as
soon as he had found an agreeable
opening at Iloseburg he began to
practice. The people appreciated his
Treat abilities and were charmed by
the modest frankness of his charac
ter. Mr. Mallory was an utterly open-
minded man without a shadow of
pretense and of the most liberal opin
ions on all subjects. It was inevitable
that a man of his popular qualities
should enter politics. The Douglas
County people soon sent him to the
Legislature and by doing so lost their
most eminent citizen. Before his term
expired an attractive law practice fell
into his hands at Salem, he was pres
ently elected District Attorney and
that town became his home until he
moved to Portland.
In the year 1866 he prosecuted the
celebrated murder case which dem
onstrated to the world his unparal
leled abilities as an analytical lawyer
and firmly established his reputation
A wealthy farmer. Daniel Delaney,
had been shot down at his own door
y some unknown person, but suspi
cion fixed itself upon one George
JBeall. Around this malefactor Mai'
lory wove a web of circumstantial
evidence so. perfect in every part that
there was no escape for him. The
central circumstance was a spot of
blood on Beall's hat. Half the spot
was missing and the hatband was
also missing. The band stained with
a bloodspot which exactly fitted the
mark on the hat was found on a tree
near the murdered man's dwelling.
This was the foundation of Mr. Mal
lory's case, which he prosecuted with
such eloquence and legal acumen that
he was ever afterward acknowledged
to be one of the greatest lawyers in
Political honors followed. He was
sent to the National House of Repre
sentatives and might have gone to the
Senate had he desired, but his genius
called him in another direction. By
native gifts Mr. Mallory was a lawyer
and he presently forsook politics to
devote himself to his profession. In
1883 he entered the old law firm of
Dolph, Bronaugh and Simon, of
which through all changes he re
mained an active member until his
death. One of his greatest cases was
won in his 81st year. It was an ac
tion for damages for breach of prom
ise to marry. Mr. Mallory's analyti
cal power shone as brilliantly in this
action as it ever did in his life, his
eloquence was copious and powerful
and his logic so convincing that the
Jury gave him a verdict for J50.000.
It was the natural decline of old age
rather than any definite malady that
finally ended his days. His career
and character remain without a
blemish to the younger generation for
an example and inspiration. "Oppor
tunity." said he, "stands waiting for
all who have the courage and energy
to seek it." He had both the courage
and the energy and the success he
gained in his long career was as pure
to the end as the bright ambitions of
TO ENT-IGHTESf AS IGNORANT NEIGH
The Portland Journal desires to be
informed what a Governbr can con
stitutionally do to stop state extrava
gance beyond exercise of the veto.
The answer is simple. Through his
power of appointment he can compel
many boards and commissions to
spend less than the amount they are
authorized to spend by appropriation.
He can stop wholly the expenditure
of other sums by removing members
of commissions and refusing to ap
point their successors. He can avoid
other expenditures by refusing to ap
point newly created commissions. All
this has been done by Governors in
There has been expended from the
state game protection fund since
Governor West was elected more than
$300,000. In 1913 alone the expendi
tures aggregated as much as they did
in the six years from 1905 to 1810, in
clusive. The commission that expends
the game protection fund is under the
thumb of the Governor.
Had this fund been conserved, the
balance could be diverted by the 1914
Legislature to the general fund. It
could be used, for example, to repay
the $40,000 appropriated out of the
general fund for bounties on wild
beasts which prey on game as well as
domestic animals. It could thus be
used to wipe out one of the extrane
ous items in the general appropria
tion bill because of whose presence
there the Governor ostensibly vetoed
THE BARKING WATCHDOti.
Between the lines of Governor
West's address before the Jackson
Club may be read his idea of the
functions of a state executive. They
are two and that is about all. One
is to veto bills, the other is to call out
the militia. It must be admitted that
the Governor has lived up to his own
The vetoes of Governor Mrest have
been remarkable from the standpoint
of numbers. Between vetoing meas
ures to punish unfriendly Legislators
and the noble aspiration never to let
the ink dry in his pen, the Governor
has made quite a record. Yet at the
same time his administration has
been the most extravagant in the
history of Oregon.
Just now he and admiring friends
are trying to demonstrate that the
vetoes were inspired by desire for
economy. The Governor, himself,
gave an unfortunate illustration at
the Jackson Club meeting. That was
the veto of the Livestock Sanitary
Board law in 1911 with its $50,000
appropriation. This bill was passed
over the Governor's veto in 1913. The
Governor lets the Incident rest there,
but the bald fact is that in 1913 the
Governor announced that he at that
time no longer objected to the adop
tion of the law.
The trustworthiness of his state
ments are further illustrated when in
one breath he remarked that he
never had the support of The Orego
nian in a constructive piece of legis
lation and in the next breath claimed
credit for his administration for the
adoption of the pubic utilities law,
which The Oregonian supported and
Of the same caliber is his state
ment that Senator Chamberlain never
had the support of The Oregonian in
a piece of constructive legislation.
when everybody knows that The Ore
gonian has commended and indorsed
time and again Senator Chamberlain's
Alaska railroad bill.
Governor West's nature is entirely-
one of extravagance. The man who
is extravagant in speech and extrava-
gant In acts is generally extravagant
in the expenditure of money. The
Governor is no exception to the rule
His vetoes do not bear the test of
economy. The most striking example
was his veto of the general appropri
ation bill. That he vetoed for rea
sons stated in general but extrava
gant terms. The extraneous items in
the bill which he said were there but
did not indicate in his veto message
have never been pointed out by him
He does not dare to do so. There are
extraneous items in the bill he could
have saved to the state, notwithstand
ing its passage over his veto.
The duties of a Governor do not
end with holding the Legislature in
check and in commanding the Na
tional Guard. The Legislature mere
ly gives authority to spend money.
The Governor has In his control the
saving or the expenditure of a large
part of it. Governor West has exert
ed no influence toward economy
where authority has been given him
to- spend. As a watchdog of the treas
ury he has done nothing but bark.
Is there possibility that the law
yers, bv prolonging litigation, are
killing the goose that lays the golden
egg for them? The length, costliness
and uncertainty of damage suits have
had much to do with the demand for
compensation laws, which are in ef
t'ect in twenty-two states. Many con
tracts now contain arbitration clauses
designed to guard the makers against
lawsuits in the event of disputes.
More and more are lawyers em
ployed to advise clients how to keep
out of court. The mass of law has
become so great that the risks of
overlooking some point have grown
to serious proportions and it is re
garded as a good thing to avoid. Law
yers may find it necessary to the pres
ervation of their profession that they
lead a movement to reduce the vol
ume, the cost, the delays and the un
certainties of litigation.
TUB NEW CANCER HOSPITAL
The adequate supply of radium
which the new cancer hospital at
Cornell has secured will be a boon to
the afflicted. The treatment .of can
cer by this element has heretofore
been sadly hampered by the lack of
sufficient quantity to produce the. ef
fects desired. The radium acts by
destroying the anarchistic cells whose
irregular growth causes the cancerous
condition. But the same time it de
stroys the healthy cells also and great
care must therefore be exercised in
applying it. Enough radium must be
used to act upon the entire extent of
the malignant tumor, while at the
same time the surrounding tissue
must be protected from its radiations.
It is apparent from these facts that
great skill is needed to obtain the cur
ative results and at the same time
avoid injury to the patient. Hence
we see the necessity for a hospital
like that at Cornell where cancer
alone will be treated. Such special!
zation will permit the management
to train a highJy efficient working
force and attract physicians of un
usual expertness. We have no doubt
that the new hospital with its fine
equipment and the competent scien
tists whom it is certain to attract will
draw cancer patients from the whole
At present these unfortunates have
only two remedies to depend upon,
neither of which is by any means in
fallible. When a cancer is detected
early in its development the surgeon's
knife should always be used. To this
rule there are no exceptions whatever
if the cancer is so situated that an
operation is possible. Of course the
tumor is sometimes so Involved among
the large blood vessels that surgery
is impossible. In such cases radium
is the only hope, even at the begin'
ning of the disease.
The effects of radium are thus far
somewhat uncertain. Now it eradi
cates the cancer completely"; now it
falls entirely. There are cases on
record which it is said to have made
worse. But upon the whole physi
clans are gaining confidence in ra-
dlum, as the foundation of the new
hospital at Cornell demonstrates
Whatever radium may or may not do,
it is certain that the knife, applied
early enough, effects a radical cure.
LIMITING OIK JUSTIFICATION.
If the refusal of Huerta to salute
the American flag at Tampico were
the sole cause for the armed occupa
tion of Vera Cruz, what occasion
would there be for the mediation of
three South American nations and
for the prolonged sessions of the Am
bassadors of those nations to arrange
terms of mediation? Such prolonged
negotiation would not be necessary to
decide whether a salute was due and
how It should be iired.
The fact that mediation ' is offered
and accepted, and is undertaken with
such gravity arid cTeliberation, the
further fact that it. is to cover all
points at issue between the United
States and Mexico, prove that Senator
Root spoke truly when he said, in
supporting the Lodge substitute for
the resolution Justifying our warlike
action, that "the insult to the flag is
but a part the culmination of a
long series of violations of American
rights, ... made possible by the
weakness of government" in Mexico.
Mr. Root said:
Lyinir back of this incident Is a condition
or things in Mexico which absolutely pre
vents the protection o American lire and
property except through respect for the
American flag, the American uniform, the
American Government. It is that which
gives significance to the demand that pub
lie respect shall he paid to the fla of the
United Htates. There is our Justification.
It Is a Justification lying not in Knerta. but
In the universal condition of affairs in
Mr. Root showed that if the Insult
to our flag had been the only Justifi
cation for our intervention, the diffi
culty could have been adjusted ami
cably, as a like difficulty would have
been adjusted with a first-class
power. He asked, if that were all,
"how can we in the arrogance of
power Justify treating this weak
neighbor with a peremptory harsh
ness that we would not think of using
toward a powerful nation?"
The House resolution simply de
clared the President "justified in the
employment of armed forces to en
force the demands made upon Huerta
for unequivocal amends for affronts
and indignities." The Senate commit
tee simply added a disclaimer of "hos
tility to the Mexican people or any
purpose to make war upon Mexico."
The Lodge substitute gave as justifi
cation "the state of unrestrained
violence and anarchy which ex
ists in Mexico," the murders and
spoliation of Americans which have
resulted, the impossibility of obtain
tng redress, and finally "the unpro
vpked insults and indignities inflicted
upon the flag and uniform of the
United States." It concluded with this
That the self-respect and dignity of the
United Mates ami the duty to protect its
citizens and its international rights require
that such a course be followed In Mexico by
our Government as to compel respect and
oDservance ot its rigms.
The House resolution implied
plainly that the Government might
punish the Insult to the flag and then
withdraw. The Lodge resolution re
quired that the Government protect
its citizens and its international rights.
That would impose on Mr. Wilson a
far broader obligation, which could
not be fulfilled by the occupation of
one city. It would require protection
of American rights everywhere
throughout Mexico, which would re
quire occupation and pacification of
the whole republic.
The Government minimized the
cause for intervention because it was
unwilling to accept responsibility for
the inevitable consequences of Its own
policy of diplomatic war on Huerta.
That diplomatic war weakened Huerta
and drew down on Americans the hos
tility of the people in the parts of
Mexico under his control. Many
Americans were murdered and
robbed, but no move was made to
obtain redress. Had those wrongs
been specified by Congress as cause
for intervention, responsibility for
provoking them would have been fas
tened on the Administration and the
duty would have been imposed upon
it of doing that which it had made
necessary but which it had shirked
and wished to continue to shirk.
The President wished Congress to
justify only the limited intervention
he contemplated, not the general in
tervention which alone could remedy.
the evil brought about by the long!
imiu oi events or wnicn tne xampico
incident was only the culmination.
d congress did as it was bid.
, One American who has come out
of Mexico with flying colors is Nelson
O bhaughnessy. There could hardly
be a mere difficult position than that
of diplor-ratic representative to the
government of a ruler whom his own
government did not recognize and
whose country was torn by civil war.
especially when the government
which sent him was weakening the
ruler's ability to subdue his foes. Mr.
O'Shaughnessy has ftUed that position
and has done good service for his
Government while keeping on the
right side of Huerta, To do that re
quires diplomatic genius.
The Homiletlc Review has pub
lished a' book entitled "The Church,
the People and the Age." which un
dertakes to explain the modern in
difference to the church. The opin
ions of 10a men are collected in the
volume, among them being such au
thorities as Rudolf 'Eucken, Adolf
Harnack and David Starr Jordan.
They all agree that "the church in
vites indifference by its remoteness
from life, the unreality of its teach
ing and its chilliness toward science
and social activities."
It is agreed on all sides that poetry
Is becoming popular again after fifty
years of neglect and many explana
tions of the phenomenon are offered.
The most ingenious comes from a
publisher who reminds us that poetry
has escaped the . competition of the
picture shows. "You cannot get
poetry Into the moving picture form,'
he says. You must either take it in
its own form or leave it, and the pub
lie seems just now to be in the mood
for taking it.
The Ulster aristocrats continue to
talk "big" to the British government.
Sir Edward Carson's tone reminds
one disagreeably of the slave oli
garchs on the eve of the Civil War.
Morally he and his fellow conspira
tors stand Just about where Toombs
and Davis did. Their talk about "re
ligion" is pure hypocrisy. They
dread home rule because it would
shake their seats on the backs of the
New England is facing a problem
in connection with her immigrants
which bothered Wisconsin and Mln
nesota years ago. They are herding
their children in private schools,
where no English Is taught, so that
the youngsters grow up as alien to
our institutions as their parents are
The solution is difficult, since the for
eign, un-American vote holds the
balance of power.
In the last Mexican War we. em
ployed about 84,000 soldiers, of
whom about 1500 died in battle or
from wounds and 10,800 from dis
ease. About 12,000 were discharged
for disability or other causes. Mod
ern sanitary improvement should
greatly reduce the death roll from
disease if our troops should go on
from Vera Cruz.
The one drawback to success of a
public market is the disdain of the
average farmer for gardening, which
he leaves entirely to the women folks
and the farmer's wife is not a market
American refugees from Tampico
charge that they, received no protec
tion from the American fleet there,
Did Mayo permit his pedal extremities
to become chilled after baiting
Mexicans at Vera Cruz are delight
ed with American control. The more
the Mexicans see of American civili
zation the more they will be dissatis
fied with their own brand.
Carranza's reply to armistice over
tures was the order for attack on
Tampico and Saltlllo. Evidently he
Is one man who still thinks actions
speak louder than words.
Senator Poindexter wants "Doc"
Cook given a gold medal by Congress
Surely some recognition should be
given the most stupendous fraud of
The soldiers drowned off Fort Ste
vens are heroes as much as those who
fall in battle. They lost their lives
while obeying orders.
There is one very fertile danger in
mediation that its possible failure
will be laid to the attitude of the
Out again, in again, Americans with
Interests in Mexico are kept on the
Jump by the shifting winds of "watch
The Pacific Mall Company showed
the proper spirit when the passengers
on the Siberia were in peril.
It begins to look as If Huerta will
have to give us another kick or two
to save himself from Villa-
Having heard of the minimum wage
law in Oregon, Chicago waitresses
have struck for $8 a week.
Royal chinook salmon, fresh from
the mouth of the Columbia, Is now
due on the bill of fare.
With rise in temperature comes the
old fear that some will sprinkle the
lawn out of hours.
The next vessel on the rocks will
bear the name of Mediation, or we
miss our guess.
The Portland teams will get into
their stride when the weather Is
The Colonel is on. his way home.
Hold back the dogs of war until
The man in a straw hat yesterday
was conscious of looking different.
Young John D. Is being threatened
Its cruel to scare that mollycoddle.
The Rose Festival Is beginning to
loom up on the horizon.
The eleventh-hour crowd broke the
Politics is still unable to speak
above a whisper.
Did you let indifference disfran
The straw hat is back on the job.
This is nothing, short of Bummer,.
Half a Century Aga
From The Oregonian of May 2. 1864.)
The St. Joseph Herald recently no
ticed 60 wagons crossing the river on
their way to Idaho. On one wagon
from Maine were the following "di
rections': "Bound for Bannock, the
Land of Gold. Conscripts. Indiana and
Mormon Widows. Our Motto Klches
or More Poverty."
Chicago, April 30. Particulars of the
capture of Camden, Ark., by General
Steele have been received. Steele by
his movements deluded Price into the
belief that he intended to attack
Shreveport. Price hastened to Prairie
du Ilohn. dug rifle pits and threw up
earthworks, when Steele executed a
sudden flank movement, which caused
Price to retreat toward Washington.
Having placed Price on the arc ot a
circle. Steele moved directly toward
Camden. Discovering his mistake. Price
concentrated his cavalry and hoped so
to embarrass Steele that his infantry
could not gain the fortifications of
Camden. Steele pressed on. however,
fighting his way for 71 miles,- and en
tered tamaen on the loth.
Philadelphia, April 29. The Union
fftate Convention instructed delegates
to support Mr. Lincoln for the Presi
dency. The May party a-iven on Saturday- bv
the students of Portland Academy and
remale seminary was participated In
by about 200. who embarked on the
Senator and made the river banks ring
with slioutinir "The Battla-Crv of Frr.
dom." Upon reaching- Ross Island the
party was landed and the enjoyments
of the festival were entered Into
heartily until 2 P. M., when they set
out upon their return. They passed the
city, going as far as Swan Island, sing
ing some fine patriotic! airs, and wound
up with "Home Again."
The fine new steamer New World
was the subject of great attention Yes
terday, and was crowded with vlsitora
The United States Steamboat InsDec-
tor. Mr. Burnett, has finished the work
of testing boilers In this vicinity and
is stopping at Astoria
It seemed as thou eh evervbodv not
oevotionaiiy inclined took a hand In
pleasure rides and excursions on the
Jonn R. foster tt Co. This old and
well-established firm, situated on Front
street, have a full assortment of hard
ware and tools.
APPEAL TO FELLOW UPIIFTERS
Forget the Fly and Swat the Mexican,
Says a Radiator.
EUGENE, Or, April SO (To the Edi
tor.) These be. Indeed, sad days for us
uplifters. The lecture hall no longer
attracts and eloquence Is gone to a dis
count. Yet the fly Is only half swatted.
and eugenics and sex problems remain.
True, the ambulatory professor still
ambles out his schedule, but really the
Jig Is up. Grim visaged war has butted
In. and George Bernard Shaw, the erotic
play, and the whole emotional pro
gramme, to use the expressive words
of Dr. Mary Walker on another nr.
sion, "have been ruthlessly thrust
We are In the dumns. but our errlef
should not be self-centered, for there
are others. What of our helbers from
the educational institutions who so
kindly took upon themselves the task
of being instructors and advisers gen
eral of the state and the Inhabitants
thereof? Have we no thought of them.
they who with lighted faces have gone
from one end of the state to the other
preaching the awful ravage of the
nouse-ny? Tret, indeed, and aDDrecin
tion, too! We can well understand the
absolute impossibility of the soul that
has once thrilled to the applause of
tne lecture-room and the aDDreciative
sighs of the ladies' club going back to
tne numarum worK or trying to pound
German and geology into a restless
crowd of young people whose Interest
is mainly in football and social func
tions. It cannot be done, unless. ner
haps, with a very considerable Increase
or salary. And will the state auibble
over a rew paltry dollars?
But I wander. What I really want
space for is to Impress upon my fellow
uplifters the impracticability of trying
to stem tne war tide. It Is far better,
for the time being, to go with the cur
rent. It will afford us. too. an ooDor-
tunity to demonstrate the versatility of
our accomplishments. We ought not to
put all our Intellectual eggs, so to
speaK. in one basket.
Merely to illustrate: I thoua-ht I
could sing only of uplift, but last night
I laid aside the shovel for the nen: re
sult, the following war poem, which is
really not so worse as I feared:
"Treason" Well Defined.
PORTLAND. May l. (To the Ed!
tor.) Now that the front page is not
quite so full of war news, will you al
tow me to animadvert briefly unon
some of the pearls of thought wh,ich
our doughty hero. Colonel Martin, re
cently threw before us? According to
the Colonel, those of us who dare to
suggest that "rich American land own
ers have been stirring up an agitation
tor the uncalled-for war with Mexico'
are traitors. It is a good thing for
some of us that the Constttutfon of the
United States defines so carefully the
crime of treason, otherwise any one
who questioned the motives of those
who would precipitate what ex-Preal-
dent Taft calls "a terrible calamity'
would be haled before the courts by the
I am glad to hear that Andrew Car
negie and Norman Angell "come from a
different school than" Colonel Martin,
So did Benjamin Franklin and Thomas
Jefferson and Woodrow Wilson. It is
interesting to note that "They (i.e.. the
peace advocates) are using strenuous
efforts to avert war, as is illustrated
by the present mediation negotiations"
which the Colonel knows will prove
futile. It had been my impression that
the mediation was proposed by the gov
ernments of the A. B. C. powers, but
perhaps I was mistaken and it was the
nefarious work of Andrew Carnegie,
Norman Angell et al.
In conclusion, would It "smack of
treason" to hint at the remote, possi
bility of a motive back of the desire
for war on the part of the soldier by
vocation or avocation?
HERBERT B. AUGUR.
THOSE! VA1W REGRETS.
Said Woodrow to William, said he:
"That Huerta mightily bothers me:
He's on my nerves both night and day.
If he'd but obligingly fade away!
But he doesn't fade!"
Said William to "Woodrow, said he:
"Sure, sire, I'm as sorry as sorry can be.
But I guess the thing's ordained that
What else can a Presbyterian say?
What else, indeed!"
Said Woodrow to Williams, said he:
"If only I'd known how set they be.
That peppery crowd In Mexico,
I think I'd given old Huerta more show.
Yes. I really do!"
Said William to Woodrow, said he:
"Your drift is apparent now to me;
With Congress so easily bowled over.
You quite misjudged the nerve of the
In fact, you misjudged it a whole lot!"
And, parting, each went his troubled
And each of the other at heart did say:
"He bungled the thing to the last de
gree. Why didn't he leave It all to me?"
Yours on a war footing,
. - Vt i, UJPTEB,
rFFRAGB BILLS ARB COMPARED
Mrs. Dulirsjr I pholda Original Susan
B. Antkony Draft.
PORTLAND, May 1. (To the Edl
'r ) Two different National wings of
the Woman Surfrage Association are
now before Congress in advocacy of
different equal suffrage amendments
which experienced suffragists are fear
ing will be detrimental to the success
of either. The . Shaf roth amendment,
backed by the National president of
W. S. A., is a new movement to be In
troduced In the Senate by direction of
President Anna Shaw, is supported by
Mrs. Medill MeCormlck, of Chicago. It
W'henever any number of lesal voters of
any state, to a number exceepltiK 8 per cen
turn of legal voters, shall netitlon for the
UbmiSSlOn to the vntera nf i H at 1 -
such question shall be so submitted, and if
upon such submission a majority of the
lej;al voters of the state, voting on the Ques
tion, shall vote In favor ot granting equal
right, the Same Shall he 1hnr,aft,r Hml
established, anvthlns- In th constitution of
ui-ii auiu to tne contrary notwithstanding-
tne time-honored amendment moth
ered In the sixties bv Susan B.
Anthony and recentiv reintroduced
and led by Senator Chamberlain, of
Oregon, was adhered to without change
till tne Anna bhaw regime came into
power, after Miss Anthony's death. The
advocates of Miss Anthony's amend
ment declare the proposed new amend
ment to be full of "Jokers." They af
firm that its effect would be to create
a continual warfare between advocates
and opponents of votes for women with
all the advantage on the side of the
power that has votes! They assert
that the proposed amendment Is nal-
pably unconstitutional, and will not
enhance the progress of the cause.
Ida Husted Harper, biographer of
Susan B. Anthony and official histo
rian of the National Council of Women
Voters, is backing the National Con
gressional Union In Washington, of
which Alice Paul Is chairman. The
original Susan B. Anthony amendment
is now in charge of senator Bristow,
who introduced it in the Senate, im
mediately after the recent vote was
taken, which, though reaching a ma
jority vote, lacked the necessary two-
tniras vote. It Is contended the
amendment was forced to a premature
vote, against the expressed wishes of
Its advocates, who asked a postpone
ment of the vote till sure of the nec
essary majority, but were overridden
by advocates of a new amendment.
containing the unconstitutional joker
aforesaid, with many others for which
the limits of this article have no space.
The Anthony amendment follows:
The right of cltlxens of the United States
to vote shall not be denied or abridged by
tne united btatea. or by any state on ac
count ot sex.
The consolation suffragists draw
from noting these divisions of forces
lies In the fact that the movement has
grown strong enough to fly with inde
ABIGAIL SCOTT DUNIWAY.
MR. GEER'S REPLY MISCOXSTRl'ED
Prohibition Party Was Not Asked to
Get Oft the Earth.
CORVALLIS. Or.. April SO. (To the
Editor.) Referring to Mr. E. T. John
son's letter in The Oregoniar. today,
permit me to say that he strangely
misinterprets my reply to the execu
tive committee of the Prohibition party
when he says my position, in substance,
asks his party to "get off the earth."
Uuite on the contrary. I asked that
all parties keep out of the contest for
the suppression of the liquor traffic, as
parties, in order that Individual voters
In all of them may unite on the ques
tion and thereby win a certain and
substantial victory. To the sincere
Prohibitionist this should be enough.
aiy suggestion is to work precisely
as aiem and Albany and Eugene and
other cities in Oregon have been made
dry" not through the lead of the Pro,
hibition or any other party. My suit
gestlon was to make the entire state
"dry" by the same procedure as has
been followed In every successful cam
palgn so far waged in Oregon, or else
wnere. on tnis subject.
It shouldn't seriously concern a Pro
hibition party man as to which method
is pursued in this matter, so the prin
clple he is after is adopted no matter
where It might land his party. If we
can suppress the liquor traflc In Oregon
by "Joining hands" and it cannot be
done otherwise) then let us join hands
and. accomplish It. That is a sane and
safe way to proceed: the same process
by which nearly all the large coun
ties in Oregon are now dry. Why now,
when a state-wide victory can be won
by uniting all favorable forces In all
the parties. Invite almost certain defeat
by Insisting upon a minor detail?
Let the matter of the glory of the
victory, if it shall be won. be kept in
the background and the object sought
credited to the good judgment of the
people of Oregon Irrespective of party
Shouldn't that be sufficient for all
men and women? T. T. GEER.
WHAT SHALL WB TALK ABOUT f
There is a saying I've heard very many
You've heard it, I know. Have you
never been told?
"Well, people will talk."
If this saying be true, and I'm quite
sure It la,
Would it not be as well when you go
for a vis.
To step to the closet and take from the
A budget of sayings about your own
Or if In that musty and dusty old place
Of that fearful old bundle you find not
'Twill answer as well for the purpose.
To pick up some scraps of something
A tale of some past Indiscretion will
Tell It out straight; let it ring true.
Maybe you've saved some choice bit of
If it Is not too dirty and musty to
By lying so long on the old closet shelf.
Or spoiled by the keeping because
sucn things are not to our memory
But the listener Is always so eager to
I say, my dear friend, if you're dying
A nice bit of scandal, you love It so
Ransack the old closet, the uppermost
Find a budget or scrap about your own
self. N. S. Keasey.
"Prise Fight" Needs No Definition.
DALLAS. Or., April 30. (To the Edi
tor) Several days ago I observed In
The Oregonian that Judge Webster
Holmes, of Tillamook, held that prize
fighting under our statutes is not un
lawful. The Judge gave as his rea
son that the code did not define what
prize fighting is and therefore dis
missed four indictments.
It appears to the layman that the
words "prize fighting" simply mean
fighting for a prize, but I suppose
when there is applied our many tech
nlcal and abstruse principles of law
it might mean most anything. In view
of the above decision, our young
"white hopes" will take courage and
we may expect to see all sorts of
scraps for the edification of the pub-
Thls statute has been construed
many times by the various courts of
this state, but It has never been ques
tioned. I suppose the reason that it
has never been passed upon by the
Supreme Court Is that no one ever
thought there was any question about
what the words meant. Some of the
boys in this locality are thinking of
pulling off a fight and the question of
the legality of the proposition natural
ly. came to my mind. A. LAYMAN,
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of May 2. 1SS9.
Walla Walla. Mav 1. T. C. Griffith.
of Spokane Falls, obtained from Judge
-Langford a restraining order against
the building of a new Courthouse at
Colfax, W hitman County.
Port Townsend. "W. T . Mav 1 Frn nW
McXee. brother of President Harrison's
son-in-law, has been appointed Deputy
Collector of Customs, vice Walter
toowen. William F. Learned has been
appointed Inspector, vice Thomas De
Salem. May 1. F. H. Ogle, a young
married man. well and popularly
known, was shot this evening by W. K.
Hawkins while walking on Commercial
street near State with J. H. McNary.
San Francisco. May 1. A speech by
Frank Pixley last evening opposing
foreign Immigration caused shouts of
dissent from a part of the audience.
When the mass of the audience rose,
gave three cheers for the orator and
moved to charge against the disturb
ers, they subsided.
London, May 1. The direct examina
tion of Charles Stewart Parnell before
the Parnell commission was concluded
Last Sunday the 8-year-old son of
Otto Kleemann was fearfully bitten by
an Infuriated cat.
Miss Grace Browning, of Lewis River.
Is visiting Mrs. E. L. Thorpe.
Mrs. Catherine Scott, widow of the
late C. C. Scott, yesterday filed a peti
tion with the County Court asking that
Edward A. Post, surviving partner of
Soott & Post, proprietors of the Gil
man House, show why he should not
glva her a monthly allowance of $350
out of the receipts of the house.
The employes In A Anderson & Co.'s
printing and lithographing establish
ment have organized an employes' In
C. D. Riley, one of Oregon's early
pioneers, who lately removed here from
Idaho, was among the visitors on April
SO. Mr. Riley wis In Portland 25 years
ago, when the city was a comparative
ly small town. He said the only decent
building at that ttme stood on the cor
ner now occupied by Ladd & Tllton's
Everybody visits the cyclorama these
days. It Is one of the main features
William Weidner, an O. R. & N. con
ductor, who was well known In this
city, was killed in a railroad collision
near Trinidad, Colo.
The City Council yesterday read an
ordinance granting a franchise to the
Transcontinental street Railway Co..
passed an ordinance extending the
franchise of the Metropolitan Street
Railway Company and accepted a prop
osition of the Willamette Falls Elec
trio Company to substitute aro for in
candescent street lights.
'Payment of School Coaches.
PORTLAND, May 1. (To the Edi
tor.) As is probably known by you.
the athletes of the various schools of
the city receive no pay. They are mere
amateurs of course, and If paid would
be called professionals. They ought
not to be paid. But the coaches of the
various high school teams are very
well paid. Why should they be?
It may be argued that their time is
valuable and they deserve pay. The
coaches of high school teams are al
ways teachers in the school that they
coach. so it doesn't seem right that
they should be paid any more than the
athletes In training. Teachers are not
supposed to have any outside business,
and it is certainly wrong to pay them
and not the athletes. The athletes
time is Just as valuable as the teacher
coaches', and if one is paid, both should
be. Surely it is not right that either
should be paid.
One of the coaches in a certain high
school In this city receives $400 for the
coaching done. Almost all the money
of the student body is paid out and as
a consequence it is almost always in
debt. Here's hoping that all paying of
coaches will be stopped.
HIGH SCHOOL LOVER.
In The Oregonian Tomorrow.
THE POWER OF
By Ex-Senator Albert J. Beveridge.
A close analysis of Mr. Wilson and
his methods.. Elaborately illus
trated. Mr. "Dooley.
PETER FINLEY DUNNE'S phil
osophical humorist is resurrected
for a discussion of the military
career and the troubles of Ulster.
An article by Secretary of War
Garrison on training young Amer
ica in marksmanship.
Ottr righting Men.
A full page of photographs show
ing different phases of campaign
ing as it is conducted by American
soldiers in wartime. These are
graphic action pictures and of es
pecial interest at this time.
Latin America and the Canal
Just what the big ditch will do for
our sister republics is told by John
She is dissected and discussed by
Conningsby Dawson, the 2njlish
author, who includes a chapter on
the things in women that attract
When Royalty Comes
A full page in colors on royal per
sonages that have visited the
United States and on how the Bul
garian Queen will be received and
The Mated Enbies
A story of love and adventure, by
riying to the Pole.
Admiral Peary tells how this jour
ney will be accomplished ere long
by daring aeronauts.
Master of Dancing.
The story of Nijinsky, greatest o
dancers, who is a big man with the
strength and build of a Sandow.
Peace in the World.
Just what makes for international
amity is discussed by THEODORE
The concluding installment of Mrs.
Hall's handwriting series.
Scores of Other Features .
Order today of your news dealer.