Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 02, 1914, Page 3, Image 3

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Refugees From Guadalajara
Arrive Home With Thrilling
Story of Dangers.
Threats of Wholesale Assassination
Made When Vessel Supposed to
Be United States Warship
Appears on Horizon.
SAN DIEGO, Cal., May 1. Driven
from their homes and interests by a
bitter anti-American outbreak, the re
sult of the landing of marines at Vera
Cruz. 259 refugees from Mexico reached
here today on the German steamer
Marie, Captain Julius Davldsen. which
left the Mexican port of Manzanlllo
April 25. The majority of the refugees
are from Guadalajara, the second- city
of Mexico, and tributary territory, the
others coming from Colima and Man
zanlllo. There are 127 men. 60 women
and 72 children.
The feeling against Americans was
so intense that the majority of - the
refugees from Guadalajara and Colima
were forced to seek the protection .of
the British consulate officers in those
cities, and received shelter in the Brit
ish consulates. Ajiti-American demon
strations were held at frequent inter
vals, the Mexican press was given over
to the most alarming reports and edi
torials, the vilest insults were hurled
at Americans in the streets and threats
of wholesale assassination were made.
Governor Makes Exciting Speech.
Antonio del Gadlllo, Governor of the
State of Colima, concluded a speech
inciting Mexicans to take up arms with
the exclamation: "Mueran los gringos."
(Death to the Americans.)
In Guadalajara H. Ia. Percy, a Los
Angeles mining man, entering a store
there to make purchases, was chased
out of an establishment by the Mexican
proprietor. In the street the Mexican
yelled: 'Mexicans, here is Yankee: kill
A mob took after Percy and he was
forced to run for his life, finally gain
ing the hotel, where 100 other Ameri
cans were waiting to take the train for
While refugees from Guadalajara
were at the wharf waiting to get their
baggage off, a vessel thought to be an
American warship, was sighted. Great
excitement resulted, and a Mexican
wearing a Red Cross badge rushed into
the American consulate, tore from the
walls two large American flags and
carried them outside, where Mexicans
tore them into strips, spit upon them,
stamped on them and then set fire to
them. As they were burning a Mexican
tlag was .waved over them.
Refugees' Trains Stoned.
The wharf was cleared preparatory
to blowing It up with dynamite, and
the Americans there were marched to
the consulate. Cries of "Viva Mexico"
and "Mueran los gringos" were con
stant, and the massacre of the Ameri
cans in case warships appeared seemed
certain. The consulate had previously
been mined. Some time later It was
determined that the ship was not a
Ij'nltcd States war vessel and the Amer
icans were released, and some time
later reached the ship with their bag
gage. Military escorts were provided on the
trains carrying refugees from Guadala
jara and Colima, but the soldiers made
no efforts to stop anti-American dem
onstrations at the stations en route.
The Americans were searched by offi
cers and all firearms and silver money
in their possession were confiscated.
The trains were repeatedly stoned.
The American refugees believed that
a transport or other vessel, sent by the
American Government, would meet
tliemat Manzanillo. They found that
absolutely no provision for removing
them from the country had been made.
tierman Captain Prompt to Aid.
The German steamer Marie, "a
10,000-ton boat under charter to a Chi
nese company for transportation of
Chinese coolies, and. having 282 Chi
nese on board, was the only foreign
vessel in the harbor. Captain David
sen unhesitatingly placed his ship at
the disposal of the Americans when
Informed that their lives were In dan
cer, exacting no agreement as to pay
. ment for service.
The Colima and Manzanillo refugees
went aboard the steamer on April 23,
and the Guadalajara refugees on April
24 and 25. On orders from the German
Consul at Colima, who was Informed
by. the Mexican authorities that no
more trains" would be run to Man
zanillo. Captain Davldsen left port
April 25.
About 85 Americans, many of them
at mining camps, remained in the
Guadalajara and Manzanillo consular
districts when the others left. Twen
ty were at the camp of the Cinco Mines
Company, an enterprise headed by J.
"W. Gerard. United States Ambassador
to Germany.
There were Americans at the Am
Taro, El Favor, Casodos, Mololoa, Es
pada and Mlrador mining camps, all
e-ontrolled by American companies.
When the refugees left Manzanillo that
port was being evacuated and tunnels
and bridges on the railroad line to
Manzanillo had been mined prepara
tory to destroying them in the even
of invasion.
Confiscation of Mines Rumored.
It was reported when the Americans
were leaving that the Mexican govern
ment would confiscate all gold and sli
ver mines .and work them for them
selves. The refugees compose most of the
important business men of Western
Mexico, who were forced to close their
places of business or turn them over
to Mexican employes. Before the
Americans left, the confiscation of
th-lr personal property by police and
military authorities was begun.
When the anti-American outbreak
occurred. Governor Del Gadillo. of Co.
lima, announced that no Americans
would be allowed to leave that state
and that all would be sent into the
interior as hostages. It required the
combined efforts of the British Ger
man and French Consuls there to ob
tain permission for the Americans to
depart, and Del Gadlllo then Issued an
order that all must be out of the state
within 48 hours from noon of April 23.
Among the refugees who arrived on
the Marie were the following from the
raeific Northwest: Alfred R. Downs.
Seattle: W. H. Martin. Portland. Or
rank H. Ferris. Tacoma. Wash.; si!
M. Minchan, Seattle.
to Martin D. Foster, chairman of the
House committee on mines and mining
Industries, declared there was no
change In the position taken by the
operators at the beginning of the
-strike. They reiterated their willing
ness to agree to a settlement of the
coal strike upon the terms suggested
ty- Governor Amnions in a letter of
November 27. 1913. which was laid be
fore representatives of the operators
and miners at a conference upon that
Blame Placed on Unions.
Governor Ammons, In the letter.
urged that the point of recognition of
me union be waived, but that th
miners be permitted to maintain their
organization. He urged further that
the operators guarantee the employ
ment of a check Welshman; abolish the
"scrip system"; observe the regulations
of the eight-hour law; permit employes
to trade where they choose; Insure ob
servance of the semi-monthly pay day;
observe to the letter all the provisions
of the coal-mine-inspection law and
employ again all strikers whose places
had not been filled and who had not
been guilty of law violation during the
s trine.
The telegram includes the letter of
Governor Ammons and says:
"The strikers refused to accept the
terms of settlement proposed by the
Governor and approved by the operat
ors, and all the disorder and blood
shed In this state since November 27
has been due to this attitude of the
officers and members of the United
Mine Workers of America. We still
consider the plan of the Governor
legally and industrially sound, and
have never retracted our formal ap
proval thereof."
Witness Says Order to "Clean Out
Tent Colony" Waa Given.
TRINIDAD, Colo., May 1. The direct
charge that an officer of the Colorado
National Guard gave an order to
"clean out" the Ludlow tent colony and
burn the tents was made before the
coroner's jury today by J. R. McDon
ald, stenographer for the military
commission. McDonald testified at the
inquest over the Ludlow victims.
The. witnesses said the order was
given by either Major Hamrock or
Captain Carson, he was not certain
McDonald was questioned about the
capture and . death of Louis Tikas,
Greek leader of the strikers. He said
that near the scene of the battle he
heard a commotion behind some box
cars and was told Tikas was a prisoner
and probably would, be hanged.
A little later he met Lieutenant E
K. Linderfelt. He asked Linderfelt If
Tikas had been hanged. "No," he tes
tified Linderfelt replied, "1 gave in
structions that Tikas was not to be
killed but I spotted a good rifle."
The witness swore that Linderfelt
was carrying his rifle over his shoul
der, stock to the rear and holding It
by tho barrel. The physician's autopsy
showed that Tikas' skull was fractured.
G. A. Hall, a chauffeur, told the jury
that he had heard a militia officer give
the order to "clean out" the tent col
ony and burn the tents.
Lack or Appreciation Behind De
mand or Militiamen to Go Home.
DENVER, May 1. Lack of apprecia
tion by the public, more than lack of
pay for the service they had been ren
dering the state, was said by General
Chase to have been responsible for a
demand of a few members of Company
M, First Regiment, of the National
Guard, that they be permitted to return
to their homes in Longmont today.
Chase said he did not know how many
men were Involved.
The demand was made when the
troop train arrived in Denver en route
from Walsenburg to the Northern Col
orado coal fields. General Chase said
that aft n ehAK, . . .
- - ----- ........ l vuiin;iiiL-e tne sol
diers boarded the train and continued
uuuiuci ouniy district for
Governor Ammons declared that one
- - . w ii .-l ui calling tne
special session of the Legislature was
to 1nmirr . . 1. . . .. . . . . . .
, . . . ('.. mum oi tni mi
litia for past service and measure? to
meet this expense would be pushed
when the Assembly convenes May 4
Approximately 275 militia now ocu .
py the J cithern Colorado district.
Chemically Leavened Food Should Be
Eaten Moderately, Scientists Say
After Experiments on Man.
. , j "i uin uditiiie
powders are n r m.n . .. .. i . .
health of a person than any other bak-
... vunruers, out it is wise to be mod
erate in the use of foods that are leav
ened With halilnr t . ,
i w i . .1 iii.u 13 tne
conclusion announced today by the ref-
w u consulting scientific ex
perts Of the npnrtman. t A 1 . .
as the result of experiments to deter
mine the influence of alum compounds
uumun ana neaitn of man.
The renort Ffv Ha -. 1 . - - ...
. - - . v u 1 1 n tn inree
sets of extensive experiments on hu-
.... uujens. rne Doard s report waa
unanimous and was signed by Ira Rem-
sen. nrMMpnt rf Tnl.... t t .,
- . - wv.....s j.uprwim uni
versity, chairman; Russell H. Chltten-
i" oi pnysiotogical chem
istry, of Yale; John H. Long, profes
sor of chemistry In Western University;
- " ,ul pruiossor or pnystologlcal
rflPTn I slrir ln V. r i . .
, , J I'l'i'ciony ol Penn
sylvania, and Theobald Smith, profes
sor of comparative pathology In Har-
In tho nHn...l. .
.oDio were znaae
In each mm rtn h.,ifv... .
. " j uuufi men oy
including alum in some form In their
Man Awaiting Death for Killing Girl
Sects Public Vindication. '
ATLANTA. Ga.. May l. Declaring
popular clamor alone responsible for
his Conviction. La 1LT Fr.nlr
death sentence for the murder of Mary
Phagan. issued Thursday a second state
ment appealing for vindication in the
eyes of the general public A motion
.VI a Jirw iriai is pending.
In a detailed analvsin nf tHtimAnv
at his trial Frank attempts to show
that the story of James Conley. negro
factory sweeper, who testified that the
defendant had attacked and then killed
the girl, was contradicted In various
J.O.. as ojr eigni wnite women witnesses.
Russia Sentences German Airmen.
BERLIN. Mav 1 Hane PpHin.. i
German aeronaut who was made a pris
oner at Klrgischansk. Russia, last
February, when he came to earth at the
end Of A. hailonn tWn nt..i-i.i
Germany, and the two passengers who
accompanied mm, nave been sentenced
oy tne Russian authorities to six
months' solitary confinement.
Northwest Postmasters Named.
ington. May 1. The President today
nominated T. B. Vernon as postmaster
of Lakeview. Or, and Anna McMahon
as postmistress at Lake, Idaho.
Administration's Capacity to
Handle Delicate Situation
Seriously Doubted.
Secretary or State and Navy Finally
Beaten In Efforts to Prevent
Preparation or Army Tor
ington. May 1. Congress, in support
ing President Wilson in his handling
of the Mexican situation, has done so
reluctantly and without enthusiasm.
This has been noticeable from the be
ginning, and the relations today be
tween Congress and the President are
different from the relations between
Congress and another President at the
outbreak of the Spanish war.
Lack of confidence in the judgment
of the Administration and in its ability
to handle a delicate and at the same
time serious situation is the primary
cause of ill-concealed distrust that
prevails among Senators and Repre
sentatives, and the continued influence
which Secretary Bryan exerts at the
White House is the next most impor
tant reason for concern among men,
regardless of party, In both branches
of Congress
Address Lackn Candor
From the first. President Wilson has
steadfastly refused to take Congress
into his confidence. His address on
the Mexican situation was remarkable
tor its lack of frankness and lack of
information. Subsequently, he has re
frained from informing Congress of
the true situation in Mexico, and the
information on which Congress has
been compelled to act has been alto
gether the inforjnation gathered from
newspaper sources. That fact was fre
quently mentioned in the Senate debate
on the "justification" resolution, and
indirectly the President has been
roundly criticised for his lack of Trank
ness by the very men on whom he
relies for support.
The confidence of Congress In the
Administration has not been strength
ened by the apparent breach that exists
in the Cabinet, nor has that breach
been healed or concealed by the direct
denials uttered at the White House.
Illiere is friction in the Cabinet se
rious friction between Secretary oi
War Garrison and Secretary of State
Bryan. Backing the Secretary of State
is Secretary Daniels of the Navy, com
mander of the forces afloat, and a
staunch Bryan partisan at all times.
Army at First Ignored.
In Washington It is well understood
that Secretary Bryan and Secretary
Daniels proceeded on the belief that
the Mexican situation could be handled
by the State Department, backed up by
a naval display, without the assistance
of the Army. Secretary Garrison,
backed by General Leonard Wood, the
leading military authority in this coun
try, saw from the beginning that the
Army must play an important part,
probably the most important part, in
bringing order out of chaos in Mexico,
once a decided stand was taken by the
United States.
The open rupture between Secretary
Bryan and Secretary Garrison came
several days after the American oc
cupation of Vera Crur, Consignment
after consignment was crossing the
border every day. Secretary Garrison
realized that every rifle shipped into
Mexico from the United States might
In time be turned on Americans, and
urged the President to stop shipments
across the line. The President had
about concluded to act on the advice
when Secretary Bryan, flushed by the
favorable declarations of Villa, rushed
to the White House and had the or
der withheld. Again. Secretary Gar
rison urged the embargo, and again
Secretary Bryan prevented. Finally,
the situation became critical, and an
American general in Texas, presum
ably on orders from Secretary Garri
son, restored the embargo, and it
has since been operative.
Deed for Oregon City Locks Sent
Back to Portland.
WASHINGTON, May 1. The War De
partment Informed Senator Lane that it
will not be possible for the Department
to take up control of the Oregon City
locks until the Deparement of Justice
approves the deed.
It also says that the Attorney-General
recently had decided the deed of
the Portland Railway, Light & Power
Company conveying the canal and
locks should be rejected and further
negotiations begun with a view to re
moving the objectionable features of
the deed reserving the power rights to
private corporations. The papers have
been referred again to the district en
gineer's office in Portland, with in
structions to renew negotiations in an
effort to obtain a deed in strict accord
with the Attorney-General's opinion.
A Million Bid. Adv.
Ready Money
Experienced trav
elers know that
American Express
Travelers Cheques
mean immediate'
For 24 years these
Cheques have been
cashed throughout the
world by banks and
accepted generally by
leading hotels, mer
chants and transporta
tion companies.
Apply at the nearest
American or National
Express office, or at
your own bank.
American Express
Free Classes
In Crocheting. Embroidery,
Knitting and . Tatting, every day
and all day. Fifth Floor.
25 Per Cent Redaction
on All Picture Framing
to Order.
Sixth Floor.
Pictorial Review,
Fashion Book and
Patterns for June
Now on Sale. Second Floor.
Modart Front Lace Corset
The best front lace model
made. All styles suitable for all
figures. Fourth Floor.
New Sack and Norfolk" Suits
With One and Two Pairs of Pants
Selling Regularly to $8.00
In ' Sizes From 5 to ' 18 Years
Our boys clothing shop has become
known as the one store in Portland that
embodies various features in boys suits
that the BOYS WANT, like and should
have. . .
Our boys suits come from the foremost
manufacturer of boys clothing in America
who make suits that are retailed in the
most exclusive New York Fifth avenue
specialty houses.
These suits have the correct dash and
swing and are made from the best wool
materials, embodying fine workmanship
and built on excellent fitting lines.
Such Tlppular styles as the regula
tion Norfolk, Fancy Norfolk and Sack
Made of fancv mixtures and crnYe
. " ww..w,
corduroys and navy blue serges. The mixtures come in light
and dark browns, tans, grays, blues, blue and white stripes,
diagonals, herringbones. Many of these suits have two pairs
of pants lined with best quality linings..
Boys $1.25 Soisette Pajamas Special 95c
Plain soisette pajamas, in white, pink, light blue and tan.
Made with the Japanese neck, collarless and trimmed with silk
frogs. Sizes from 4 to 1 4 years.
Boys' Blouses and Shirts Special 44c and 89c
Our complete stock of boys fine blouses and shirts in the
newest materials are included in this sale. Made of chambray.
percale, sateen, madras, crepes and siisettes. In plain colors
anT-jCy stripes soft or laundered styles. Made with at
tached or detached collars French and plain cuffs. Blouses
m sizes from 6 to 14. Shirts, sizes 124 to 14.
Sat,daX,?pJi1T0ur y5' Straw Ha Dept.
Special 59c 89c, $1.22, $1.58, to $5.39
INew Kah-Kah hats, regulation sailor hats, high crown hats,
1 yrolean hats, and straw hats for the wee baby boys.
In white, black, navy blue, burnt and fancy combination
straws and Panamas. Self band trimmings or with navy, black
and brown bands. Some plain, others with bound edges All
sizes from 2 to 14 years. Fourth Floor
I "ffil
Boxes and boxes of new blouses are opened our $1.50
specialty styles lhat have been received with such favor.
Blouses with the new style notes. Practical and easily
Of white voiles, batiste, linen, lingerie and crepe, and
all-over embroidery in dozens of models, each one showing
some late French style touch as to collar and sleeves.
Drop sleeves, kimono sleeves, yokes and without yokes.
frilly vestee effects, surplice collars, low frilly collars.
Third Floor
A Special Purchase of New Dresses
For Children From 6 to 14 Years
That Would Sell Regularly at $1.75
Saturday Sale $1.29
In Waisted and Straight Styles
Some have round necks and turndown collars, others with square necks
buttoning on, the shoulders or with sailor collars. The tan crash frocks
are trimmed with plaid collars, cuffs, belt and tie. The ginghams trimmed
with plain chambray and embroidery edges and pipings.
Children's Dress and Parasol Set at $1.79
These are charming novelty sets for little girls from 6
to 14 years. In pink, tan and blue chambray the dresses
are in two styles, and the parasols match. Fourth Floor.
c"Merchandiso 010 Merit On J
Exceptional Untrim'd Black Lazarre Hats
$1.45 Instead of $3- $3.45 arid $4
Lazarre Hats with the "stove polish" finish are quite the
k . .1
amanesi tning you can wear this season.
Most every style in VOirue can h fnnnrl in tVir nfw
Lazarre untrimmed h at.. lAKir-fi iMinir. Kttt X'i-t. little trim
ming to complete them.
The Bandeau Sailor, the Pompadour Hat, the Watteau
Hat, the Scoop, the Turban effects are all shown here at this
most remarkable price.
Our Original $10-$12 Trim'd Hats $4.95
These hats were designed and trimmed by our best millinery
artists. They reflect in every detail the latest Parisienne ideas.
There are modified Xatteau hats full of Spring flowers
these are the kind that almost every woman can wear be
comingly. But there is every sort of hat that a woman will want to
wear with her Spring and Summer costumes. Second Floor.
The Smartest Pumps
For Spring and Summer
Show-Combination Fabrics
you tvish to be smartly
dressed this season you must
number at least one pair of com
bination pumps in your tvard
robe. Today Tve are shoTving the
very smartest and latest ideas
in tvomens and misses' Colonial
pumps they have black patent
leather fore parts and shout the
back and heel of faun-colored
suede, or the black brocaded
fabric. ' They have the nen Co
lonial buckle and tongue. Six
fifty and Seven Dollars a pair.
One Cent
Has a
Last Day of Our One-Cent Sale
Of Drugs arid Toilet Articles
You PAY ONE CENT MORE than is the first price on any article,
and you get two. No matter what the original price is. the second purchase
costs JUST ONE CENT. As an example
25c Sanitol Tooth Powder, special 35c Witch Hazel Lotion, special
2 for 26c. 2 for 36c.
1 Oc bottle Peroxide, special 2 for He. 1 0c Palmolive Soap, special 2 for lie.
Besides these few articles listed in this limited space we have hundreds of other
needful and necessary every day toilet articles and drugs at the same unusual re-ductions-
First Floor.
The Tango Sash
In Combination Colors,
Made of Satin Ribbons,
Special $1.50
Have you seen the new tango
sash? It is an extremely clever
novelty that is particularly suit
able for wearing with Summer
frocks and separate skirts.
Made in two-tone effects,
such as black with royal blue.
Argentine, tango, green, coral,
cardinal, yellow, rose, purple or
Alice blue. MrrtFloor.
GIRLS SUITS Selling as High as $40 F
Saturday, Special, $34.95
In sizes from IS, IT to 13 years.
These suits are made of waffle cloth in tango or Labrador
blue, of black and white check materials and navy blue serges.
They are suits that represent the best of this season's styles, many
k.inM t J 11 Ti . 1 . r.
ka.u.b a"' a-ajljics ui uiijxjiicu inoaeis. i ne coats snow tne rton
tront eltect, or cutaway style, with square or plaited back; others'
with square box coats. Collars and cuffs of fancy silks. Skirts in
the tier eltect, button trimmed and some with silk bands.
Girls $32.50 Suits for $24.85
-Late arrivals made of the fashionable pebble doth in navy blue,
Copenhagen blue and Labrador blue.
ihe coats or these suits are in the new box style very short and
cut away b the front, button trimmed. The skirts have the new
long overskirt finished with black taffeta folds or bands.
See Our New Waists for Young Girls
In specially designed models for 12 to 17-year girls.
This exclusive waist department fills a long felt want, as hereto
fore the growing girls had to rely on waists that were fashioned for
older folks. This exclusive waist shop of ours for girls offers waists
of all kinds that range in price from $1.69. $2.49 to $7.50. Of
silks, linens, voiles and crepes. Fourth Floor.
tfAA A T Iff
New Models
The softest materials are used
in these new corsets, to insure the
new uncorseted effect. They cling
to your figure with just the right
amount of restraint to emphasize
the most youthful natural lines.
Everywhere Smart Set wear
ers are distinguished for their
grace and smartness.
This is because every one of
the different Smart Set models is
absolutely up to date in cut and
construction in accordance
with information from fashion
authorities in Paris received
months ahead of the arrival of
the gowns which display the
actual new style itself.
Keep your figure up to date
by wearing that Smart Set model
designed to give the greatest
amount of youthful grace to your
particular figure. Koimnwr