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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 1, 1914)
THE MORXTXCr OEEGONIAX., FEIDAT, MAY 1, 1914.
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I-OKTI-ANIJ, HUDAI, MAY 1, 1914.
FROM THE BALKANS TO COLORADO.
. It's "a far cry" from the Balkan
Peninsula to Colorado, and there
would seem to be little connection
between the Balkan war and the war
which has been raging at the Colo
rado coal mines, but there Is a close
relation. Many of the miners who
have been doing deadly execution
among the militiamen and the private
guards are Greeks or natives of other
Balkan states.' They had their bap
tism of fire in the war against Turkey
auid In the subsequent war of Servia
and Greece against Bulgaria. They
learned to stand fire, to shoot," to en
trench, to take advantage of cover
.nd to charge, and they have applied
their teaching in their new environ
ment. Peace advocates should take note
f this fact. The Balkan nations have
learned by experience that the Turk
yields only to brute force and have,
therefore, become accustomed to re
gard force as the last court of appeal
In a controversy. The tactics they
krlng to this country, where the las'
appeal is to the ballot, are believed
In and practiced in their own coun
try, also In the greater part of Asia
nd In Central and South America.
The great powers of Europe, civilized
though they be, are always ready to
make an appeal to this tribunal, but
are so evenly matched and so fearful
of the outcome that they postpone the
trial. The gates are still open for
admission of hundreds of thousands
of people with these Ideas to the
United States. If we do not close the
gates we must subdue these turbulent
elements with the superior force be
hind the law, and must convince them
that the justice of our laws and of
their administration, renders resort to
The men who fought in the Bal
kans should be good material for cit
izenship. "When the regular troops
have shown them the futility of re
sistance In Colorado and have con
vinced them that the army has come
on a mission of impartial peace mak
ing, they may be expected to lay down
their arms. When Colorado has given
proof of its purpose to deal out equal
Justice to employer and employe these
fighting men will probably learn that
the guns which were necessary In the
Balkans are not needed in America
And will become peaceful, law-abiding
NEW ENGLAMl'S LEADERSHIP.
Dr. Frederick Adams Woods, of the
Massachusetts Institute of Technol
ogy, has been studying the origins of
the eminent men In the United States.
Taking the records in "Who's Who"
for his source of information, he finds
that men of Anglo-Saxon descent are
from three to ten times more likely
than any others to achieve positions
of eminence. This is discouraging to
our German and Scandinavian fellow
citizens. If It Is true,, and Dr. Woods
rubs In the smart by telling us that
"all the stocks that have come to
America since 1830 are inferior to
those" that came before that date,
"and In general they have been get
ting worse and worse."
In Jtls opinion the families which
have produced offspring of command
ing ability are those that have not in
termarried with other stocks. He
does not believe that there is any real
"melting pot" In the United States.
So far as the various races commingle
their blood they lose character by it.'
"If there had been any thorough min
gling of races in this country there
would already have been a decline in
natural ability." Dr. Woods gives us
a good deal more talk of this nature
which proves the thoroughness of his
Tankee prejudices if it proves nothing
else. He tells us, In fact, that by far
the greatest proportion of our truly
eminent men have come from Massa
chusetts and Connecticut.
It would be strange Indeed if the
"Anglo-Saxon" element had not pro
duced the largest proportion of our
leading characters up to this time.
That element was here first. It got
hold of the positions of power in gov
ernment and society and assimilated
the natural resources. The Astors,
for example, laid hold of the land on
Manhattan Island. The Adamses and
their brethren captured the offices in
Massachusetts. Much of the farm
land of the Middle West was gathered
In by Boston and Philadelphia mag
nates of Anglo-Saxon blood. Having
everything In their own hands, those
people must have been incredibly im
becile if they had not stood forth
prominently in American affairs. But
that does not prove that they will
continue to do so. As far as the West
Is concerned. New England influence
is fading continually and the Ger
mans and Scandinavians are forging
to the front. The Governor of Kan
sas has an Anglo-Saxon name, but he
is an exception in his group of states.
Nor is there the slightest real rea
son for saying that the immigrants
coming- to the United States now are
Inferior to those of former genera
tions. It is flagrantly false to speak
f the Germans who came in 1848 as
"inferior." They were the very best
men Germany had at that time,' and
they, have proved their quality by
their deeds In this country. Our pres
ent immigrants are different from
those of other days, that is all. They
are apt to be Catholics Instead of Cal
vinists, and they speak unfamiliar
languages, but these facts do not
necessarily Imply inferiority. In art,
literature and the capacity to co-operate,
the peoples of Southern Europe
are ahead of New England. They fall
In the delicate business of wooden
nutmegs and artificial hams. They
have produced no Barneses and Pen
roses as yet, but can we really say
that such failure is to their discredit?
JVew England has woij her superiority
in American affairs less by accom-
pusnment than by boasting and bluff.
It is .time that her blu were called.
OBSTACLES TO MEDIATION.
While the mediators are holding
protracted sessions with the most ac
ceptable end in view of effecting an
amicable adjustment of the Mexican
mess it may be well to point to a
most fertile danger that confronts
their plan. It is the heavy movement
of troops by Villa and Carranza
against Saltillo. With Torreon out of
the way, Saltillo threatened and San
Luis Potosi able to offer but small
resistance the rebels will shortly be
able to put a new terror into their
cry of "On to Mexico City."
The charge has been made seri
ously, and with many concrete cir
cumstances to give it color, that
Huerta deliberately provoked the
United States to save his face. He
saw breakers ahead in the fall of
Torreon which he concealed from the
people at the capital as long as pos
sible. Singularly the affronts to
American sailors, began shortly after
If Villa, declining an .armistice,
continues his onward swoop, as he
plainly intends doing, Huerta's plight
will soon be more desperate than
ever. While mediating with the
United States he will have the Villa
menace staring him in the face.
Placed between the devil and the
deep sea there are many reasons for1
believing that he has already made a
definite choice, if fail he must. In
many ways he has shown that he re
gards the United States as the lesser
evil. Hence, If it Is true that Huerta
prefers to lose to the United States
rather than to the bandit chief, he
may find it convenient to bring about
an end to mediation at the first rea
sonable opportunity. Such a trick is
not beyond him. It is the desperate
selfishness and lawlessness of pow
erful individuals such as Huerta that
threaten the success of mediation and
a peaceful adjustment of Mexico's
In spite of all that Oregon has done
to rid itself of underhand politics and
in the face of pronounced public sen
timent against anything that savors
of trickery it seems that there are
still some men in Oregon who hope
the sure-thing days for those in power
may not be over.
The attempt to deprive ninety-one
candidates for county committee
places on the sheerest technicality is
not far removed from ballot-box
stuffing and ballot-box thievery. One
day when gang rule extended to the
offices of District Attorney and
County Clerk the thing might have
been pulled off. That it is attempted
at this time discloses bold presump
tion and raw effrontery on the part
of the schemers.
It was sought to keep the 91 candi
dates off the ballot on the ground
that in their petitions they called
themselves candidates for "precinct
committeeman" instead of "county
central committeeman" and because
the names of men who circulated
their own petitions were not found in
the body of the petitions. The objec
tions were too trifling to appeal to
common sense. They were overruled
speedily, as they well deserved to be.
It is proper to deprive candidates
of ballot place if such be sought
through fraud or trickery or gross
neglect of the requirements of law.
But the worthy candidate asks only
that elections be free and equal. The
one who would apply some strained
construction of immaterial formali
ties to make his own election certain
is not the proper man to guide party
destiny and ought to be defeated.
LET'S MIND OUR OWN BUSINESS.
Agreement of all parties to the
Mexican muddle that all questions at
issue not only between the United
States and Huerta, but also between
the two Mexican factions shall be
the subject of mediation holds out
promise that the source of the diffi
culties will be removed. The medi
ating powers may be able to arrange
for establishment of a government in
Mexico which will have the support
of all factions. The United. States
will not-hesitate to recognize such a
government. The firing of a salute
to the American flag may then be the
prelude to our withdrawal from Vera
Cruz, and may signalize the opening
of a new era of friendship. That
event would give Mexico, convincing
proof that we do not desire National
aggrandizement at her expense and
would go far to remove Mexican dis
trust of this Nation.
For no party in this country, either
Democrat, Republican or any other
party as a whole, desires even a tem
porary occupation, but some noisy en
thusiasts in both parties would wel
come annexation of Mexico as the
first step in an -adventurous policy
of expansion from the Pole to Pan
ama. Because the cooler heads see
how by taking the first step we might
be committed to a gradual realization
of this dream, they opposed even that
first step, which was refusal to recog
nize Huerta or any President of Mex
ico who was not constitutionally
We do not want Mexico, because we
do not wish to be drawn into faking
Central America next, and we do not
want these 25,000,000 alien-people
because we do not want an "Irish
question. We should welcome media
tion of all phases of the Mexican dif
ficulty because it affords us an op
portunity to secure satisfaction of all
reasonable demands, and then to
withdraw in a dignified manner,
with the statement to Mexico that it
can elect whom it pleases as Presi
dent, can hold elections as its peo
ple desire and establish such govern
ments as they choose and that we will
recognize what they have done.
HOW TO WRITE A PLAT.
Louis N. Parker, who has written
three or four- successful plays, dis
closes to the readers of the New York
Times the secret of his art.. The first
requisite is to hire an aristocratic
cottage at some resort, buy an ex
pensive motor car and have oneself
photographed amid these opulent pos
sessions. This will captivate the theater-going
public who care a great
deal more for an author's money and
social connections than they do for
his genius. -
The next thing is to find an attrac
tive title'" and a seductive ending. If
we understand Mr. Parker correctly,
these are about all the literary points
the aspiring author needs to worry
about. The construction of. the play,
the action, the dialogue, may be left
to chance and the good will of the
audience. "The modern schools of
playwrights," he says, "deny the need
of any construction at all." Certainly
something should be left to the imag
inations of the spectators, and per
haps the body of the play is as good
as anything for them to practice upon.
After the title and ending of the play
have been arranged the author should
attend to two other vitally Important
The first Is to delay the beginning
of the action until the audience
comes. The process of arriving never
begins until the moment fixed for the
curtain to rise and it usually lasts un
til the middle of the first act. Hence
it is obvious that the initial half of
that act should .contain nothing that
is of any importance. The play
wright may devote it to a description
of the last hard Winter or an account
of his grandmother's funeral.
Again he must be careful to close
his play af least five minutes before
the formal ending. This is necessary
because the audience needs those pre
cious, moments to put on its hats and
fur coats. No perfect lady can be
asked to attend to the sufferings of a
dying heroine while she is pinning on
her hat. Clearly, therefore, the
heroine must be put out of the way
before the hat comes into prominence.
Finally Mr. .Parker lays down the
inflexible principle that nobody can
write a successful play until he has a
famous name. Since the same condi
tion is required in order to write a
successful novel, it is difficult to see
bow a gifted but unknown young man
is to begin to climb.
THE WASHINGTON WILLS.
Among the treasures which J. P.
Morgan possesses is Martha Washing
ton's will. Governor Stuart, or Vir
ginia, naturally wishes to get this im
portant document back among the
records of Fairfax County, where it
lay In the first place, but Mr? Morgan
fears that It would not be safe there.
George Washington's will still re
mains in the archives of Fairfax
County, and is exposad to all those
perils of fire which Mr. Morgan
dreads for Martha's. He has .there
fore laid two proposals before Gov
ernor Stuart looking to the preserva
tion of both dbcuments for the benefit
of the American people. ' His first
plan is to deposit both wills at Mount
Vernon among the other Washington
relics which are collected there. The
other is to deposit both of them in
the library of Congress.
Since they are valuable historical
mementos, the library would appear
to be the proper place for them. It
is hoped that Governor Stuart's state
pride will not make him ' intractable
in this matter. George Washington
belongs to Virginia only by accident.
By his merits he belongs to the whole
country, and whatever relics remain
of his writings should repose In the
REACTION BTILL AT WORK.
The majority of the Senate may be
progressive, but its rules are st'Il re
actionary. Here is an illustration cf
the manner in which they work. Sen
ator Walsh some time ago reported a
bill similar to that passed by the
House providing for Government
purchase of radium ore, and by some
lucky chance had it made a special
order, which gives it precedence until
2 o'clock,- when unfinished business
is taken up. The decision of the
Vice-President declaring it a special
order . was challenged by the Utah
Senators, and debate on an appeal
caused several days' delay in taking
up the bill. The decision was finally
sustained, but since then Senators
have contrived, by talking about
everything else under the sun, to pre
vent consideration. Evidently some
body does not wish to have that bill
passed, but fears to come out into the
open and tight it. He therefore pre
vents its being taken up.
The motives of this somebody- can
only be inferred from certain facts.
The greatest deposits of radium-bearing
ore in the. United States in the
world for that matter are in adjoin
ing sections' of Colorado and Utah.
Most of the claims have been bought
by interests which ship the ore to
Europe, where it is refined, and
whence the radium is shipped' back
to this country. These interests are
gathering in other claims that the
product may not become subject to
the Government's prior right of pur
chase, which would apply only to
claims located after enactment, of the
law. The longer action s delayed the
more nearly complete control will
these Interests have over the radium
producf of the United States.
Thus the antiquated rules of the
Senate are being perverted, inten
tionally or not, to promote control of
the radium product by a special in
terest which ships it to Europe, and
to put the Anerican people in ; the
anomalous position of having' to buy
back from a foreign country the
product of their own country. This
product is believed by the ablest phy
sicians to be capable of curing many
thousands of cases of a most painful
and deadly disease, but our hospitals
have an inadequate supply, though
this country yields abundant supply.
Much progress has been made in
converting the Senate into a means
of serving the people, and much more
will be made after one-third of its
members have been elected by direct
vote next November, but the trans
formation will not be complete so
long as obsolete rules enable one or
two reactionaries to prevent "action
on a bill, no matter how strong may
be the sentiment in its favor.
A WAR-TIME SENATOR.
It Is very rarely that a Senator of
the United States serves his state and
his country so well that thirty-five
years after his death a day is set
apart by the Senate for the delivery
of eulogiums to his memory. But
that is what happened Sunday, April
19, when the Senate sat for the pur
pose of hearing eulogies of Zachariah
Chandler, who for more ithan twenty
years was a member of the Senate
This Sabbath session of the Senate
and the remarks delivered were
called forth by the presentation to
the Government by Michigan of a
statue of Senator Chandler which
now occupies a pla in the old hall
of - the House o' Representatives
where each state Is, or will be, rep
resented by the statues of two of its
former citizens who serve with the
greatest distinction m the Senate or
Those who knew Mr. Chandler, as
well as those whose activities were
contemporaneous with his brilliant
days in the Senate, are aware that
he was one of the great figures of the
country Just prior to, during and for
a number of years after the Civil War.
He was one of the prominent men
present at the convention at Jackson,
in his own state, which nominated
Abraham Lincoln for President. This
was in 1859. and Mr. Chandler had
at that time been a Senator for two
years. He became a close personal
friend of Mr, Lincoln. So close was
this friendship, and so well was it
known, that many of the remarks
made by Mr. Chandler on the floor of
the Senate were supposed at the time
to be inspired by President Lincoln.
Perhaps they were. It Is certain that
the President could have selected no
better mouthpiece than the great Sen
ator from Michigan.
Many people remember Zachariah
Chandler only as the fighting chairs
man of the Republican National Com
mittee which seated Hayes. Some of
these look upon his name as one sa
cred merely to partisan politics. But
if you will go to Michigan you will
find that there never was a better or
more universally beloved man in that
state. He built up a large mercan
tile business, accumulated a great
fortune and thousands " and thou
sands of his friends and descendants
of his friends will tell you that he
started more young men in business
and put more young men in other
ways on the road to fortune than any
half dozen men who ever lived in that
state, before or since.
In private life he was one of the
most loveable of men; in business his
Integrity never had to be questioned,
his character for probity and indus
try stood out as 'a shining light; in
politics he was such a thorough be
liever in the Union as to make him
hated by every laggard in the cause
of the Union. No indictment can be
brought against him. And in proof
thereof his statue stands in the "Hall
of Fame," as one who performed his
whole duty and did it well.
Dr. Katherine Davis, the New Tork
Commissioner of Correction, and Dis
trict Attorney Cropsey had an argu
ment recently in which they disagreed
about the honor system, but agreed
about work to prevent children from
becoming criminals. Dr. Davis fa
vored the honor system, but Mr. Crop
sey insisted that many prisoners had
no sense of honor. Our own Gover
nor must have discovered that fact
by this time. A confirmed criminal's
honor is deadened and he regards an
appeal to it as a joke. The atrophied
sense must be reawakened before it
can be trusted. ,
The American Army and Navy are
giving Vera Cruz a lesson in good
government which may bear fruit in
the future.- That city is probably bet
ter governed than many cities in the
United States, where the boss and the
ward politician are supreme. But
when Uncle Sam's soldiers and sailors
go abroad they put on their "com
pany manners," for they "are guar
dians of the Nation's good name.
, It is plain to see that Ashland is
ambitious to become a resort. Those
mineral springs which are to be piped
into the city betray the secret of her
aspirations. With a climate like
Eden, fruit of unparalleled savor and
charming scenery, why should not
Ashland attract lovers of health and
beauty? We know of no place in the
world where we should like better to
An adverse report on a bachelor
tax. has been made by a Massachu
setts legislative committee. When the
spinsters get votes there may be a
different tale to tell, but if male
bachelors should be taxed, why not
also bachelor maids?
Governor West, in calling Chief
Clark an ugly name, suggests that the
Chief may have satisfaction by call
ing at the executive office. In pass
ing, it might be well to note that West
is barely 40, while Chief Clark is wejl
Having been a newspaper man (and
a good one) early in life. Municipal
Judge Stevenson has the work habit,
and when he tells the Mayor and
Commissioners he. needs an assistant
there can be no question of the neces
The smartest criminal always has
a weak spot in his getaway. Captain
Griffith was too sure and was caught.
The lesson is of little value, however,
for every lawbreaker thinks his sys
tem is perfect.
Japanese cruisers are headed this
way on a friendly mission. And not
even the yellow perilists see anything
dangerous in it. Japan has convinced
us all of her friendship.
The Mexican commander reported
American battleships to be firing on
West Coast cities. It must be that
some of those Mexican leaders are
using the needle.
The observance at Champoeg to
morrow serves to remind a busy and
bustling people of the men who gave
Oregon a place on the map of the
Mexican clergymen have been in
structed to pray against Invasion of
Mexican territory. The crafty Huerta
is trying desperately to rally his di
"A' legal chaos, buttressed with
shapeless masses of digest and in
dexes," is John Bassett Moore's defl
njtion of American law.
Upton Sinclair is a cheap martyr,
staying in jail for three days rather
than pay a fine of 13. It is cheap ad
When the elephant is nursing a
sore foot the Jungle must perforce
sympathize. Mr. Taft will receive
But why didn't the peacemakers
busy themselves before the shores at
Vera Cruz were drenched in Ameri
can blood T-
The womenfolk are doing nobly in
registering, and by the same token
will be effective at the primaries.
If anything comes of mediation,
Bryan and Barrett may have to fight
a duel over title to the credit.
It takes the advent of American
civilization to open up such pestholes
as the prison at Vera Cruz.
Rebels announce that they will
confiscate no more property in Mex
ico. Must have it all.
A skirmish in Colorado Is more de
structive than a general engagement
Few will object seriously if Upton
Sinclair succeeds in starving himself.
Seize this last opportunity to reg
ister. Burnish up the old straw hat today.
FORMER MEMBER SCORES I. M W. I
He Believes He Would Now Be Criminal
Had He Stayed In Organisation.
PORTLAND, April 30. (To the Edl-tor-
About one year ago I Joined the
L W. W. in Seattle. They talked of
striking. Well, I joined them. They
said we would get eight hours a day
and $3 the smallest wage. It sounded
good to a man that had been working
10 and 11 hours a day at pay from S2
to $2.60 a day. So we I. W. w. went on
strike in June. All the members are
supposed to wear the button and have
their pockets full of L W. W. liter
ature. They made some of us do picket
duty. I never could understand what
good it did.
Well. I got arrested one day the first
time in my life. I always was a law
abiding citizen. Well, the Judge gave
me 30 days. I got out in a few days.
I con't know why they let us go. The
I. TV. W. claim they compelled the au
thorities to do it. Well, I found out
what kind of a bunch of bums and ho
boes I got Into. The words "I won't
work" fit that bunch just right. Why,
say, I couldn't get even a Job anymore.
I would ask a boss for work, he would
look at me, then see the button on
my coat. I was driven off sometimes
Well. I have quit that gang. I came
to Portland. Now I have a steady Job
and 1 will stick to It. I actually be
lieve I would be behind the bars, a
criminal, if I had stayed in that L
I found out lots of their tactics to
injure the boss. It's too vile and dirty
to be In print. They don't care any
thing for the flag or the church or
God. They say "to hell with the lawB
or the United States."
Well, they are pretty near all broken
up, and it's a good thing. They are a
Disgrace to our great country and civ
ilization. I feel sorry for some of thi
members. They were rood, honest fel
lows, but will be criminals if they
stick witn that gang long.
I heard them on the street a few
nights ago. They told the people nut
to go to war in Mexico. Now. I think
a citlzeji of the United States a traitor
to his country if he should refuse to
light when called upon.
Please publish this to let the honest
people know what T have escaped.
ANDREW F. JONES.
GEXEALOGr FASCIWATINU STUDY
Contributor Wishes Attention Might
Be Gives It In Colleges.
PORTLAND. April 30. (To the Ed
itor.) While the noble and worthy
study of genealogy has been almost
wholly Ignored and overlooked In our
generation, and on this Western hem
isphere especially, it is worthy of note
that of recent times some Elijah spirit
has become manifest and people are
slowly but surely beginning to fulfill
The study of genealogy is as old as
Adam, as old. therefore, as the race.
We are given the exact descent of the
early families in Genesis, while Moses
wrote a book to establish the lines of
oescent Irom the 12 aons of Jacob.
With the Hebrews, the preparation of
genealogies was one of the classic arts
and employed the finest talent among
the people. They were exceedingly
particular about descent and tribal re
lations. The Levitical priesthood, af
ter the days of Moses, was held only
by those of proven descent. A man's
word could not be accepted when there
'were no genealogies recorded to sub
stantiate that declaration.
The keeping of genealogies has been
extant to a greater or less degree in
every land and at every period of his
tory. Yet none understood the reason
for this careful preservation of lines
of descent save the chosen seed of
Abraham, who doubtless learned ' by
revelation and tradition the vital sig
nificance and value of this labor. The
double genealogy of the Savior given
by Matthew and Luke forms the long
est and most remarkable chain of gen
ealogy in the world. It establishes that
Jesus, son of Mary, was born in direct
descent from David, Moses and Adam.
In Europe and Asia we find gene
alogical societies of long standing and.
since 1830, several societies have been
formed in the United States for gene
alogical endeavors. These societies
have for their object the establishment
of genealogical libraries, publishing of
parish records and the preparation and
printing of books and periodicals on
the subject. The oldest one in this
country is the New England Historic
Orenealoglcal Society, with headquar
ters in Boston. . ,
My fondest hobby is genealogy, and
for many years I have ridden it in
season and out of ason with ever
increasing love and pleasure. I sin
cerely wish that our supervisors of
university and college education. would
allow space in these ' institutions of
learning for this one more chair, gene
alogy. J. C. WESTERGARD.
Part of Madison Not Dedicated.
PORTLAND, April 30. (To the Edi
tor.) When I first came to Portland
one could walk on Madison street from
Tenth to Eleventh. About 1903 the
Burrell estate threw a fence across the
walk and now I see they have fenced
up the whole end of the street parallel
with Tenth street Last week I saw
where the city had to pay $3600 for
a atrip on Mill, between Sixteenth and
I would like to know if the property
owners have any right to fence this
street .in and how much the city will
have to pay when Madison street is
put through? TAXPAYER.
Investigation of the records at the
City Hall shows that the strip referred
to, extending westerly from Madison
street, between Tenth and Eleventh
street, never has "been and is not now
dedicated as a street. Therefore It
is private property and the. owners are
within their rights in erecting a fence.
At one time, it is said, there was a
foot path through the strip, but it wag
not an established walk. The city to
get the strip for street purposes would
have to resort to the usual street ex
tension proceedings involving the
creation of an , assessment district.
Property benefited by the extension
would pay the cost of acquiring the
ground. The price, to be paid would
be determined by legal proceedings. In
the Mill-street case the same condl
tions prevailed, the strip which the
city seeks to buy for $3600 being pri
vate property. Had it been dedicated
at any time as a street the city would
not have had to buy it.
The Farm Boy's Creed Good!
Washington (D. C.) Post.
In every schoolhouae in Prince Ed
ward County, Virginia, a placard con
taining a creed for the American coun
try boy and dedicated to the Boys' Corn
Club of Virginia has been posted. It
I believe that the country which God
made is mora beautiful than the city
which man made; that life out of doors
and in touch with the earth is the nat
ural life of man. I believe that work
with nature is more inspiring than
work with the most intricate ma
I believe that the dignity of labor de
pends not on what you do, but how you
do it; that opportunity comes to a boy
on the farm as often as to the boy in
the city; that life is larger and freer
and happier on the farm than in the
town; that my success depends not
upon my location, but upon myself; not
upon my dreams, but upon what I
actually do; not upon luck, but upon
pluck. I believe in working when you
work and In playing when you plav,
and in giving and demanding a square
deaj In every act of life.
TYPHOID WIPED OCT IN CE.VTRAXIA
W asking-torn Official Reports no New
Caaea for Two Months.
SEATTLE, Wash., April 29. (To the
Editor.) Recently I have been review
ing the Central la typhoid epidemic with
a view to getting all the data in re
gard to this entire unfortunate occur
rence authoritatively adjusted. Inci
dental to thisT have written all the
medical profession in Centralla and
several other persons from whom in
formation could be obtained, asking
ir tney could not supplement In any
way the reports of the health authori
ties. This inquiry has only tended to
corroborate the official reports, which
go to indicate that the epidemic was
checked aa suddenly as it began, and
that there have been remarkably few
secondary or contact cases up to the
present time that have resulted from
At the same time I am informed by
several of the people in Centralia that
many of the towns tributary to
Centralia the public are still under the
Impression that there is a large amount
of typhoid still In Centralia. and, as a
consequence, that Centralia, la suffer
ing an undeserved handicap by these
erroneous reports being circulated.
I am very positive from the direct
correspondence that I have had with
the practicing physicians and personal
visits that have been made by repre
sentatives of this board to Centralia
that the official reports are absolutely
correct In regard to the prevalence of
typhoid fever for Lewis County. These
reports show that In November last
there were 50 cases In the city of Cen
tralia. that In December there were 275
cases, in January 37 cases, in Febru
ary three cases and in March no cases.
No cases have been reported to this
office for April. The final official re
port for the month of April is not yet
in, but I am quite positive that had
any cases occurred they would have
been mentioned by the attending phy
sicians, as I have received letters from
practically all practitioners In Cen
tralla within the past week.
Furthermore, the examination of the
water supply now being furnished
Centralia. which is being carried out
by the laboratory of the State Board
of Health two or three times each
week, shows that since the Installation
of the sterilizing apparatus it has suc
cessfully killed all dangerous germs.
In addition to this, the city haa.
through Its engineering and health de
partments, been carrying out a very
careful sanitary clean-UD camnalcrn.
with special attention to the elimina
tion of Insanitary vaults and insistence
upon connection to sewers in the sew
ered district, with special attention
also to vault toilets outside the sew
ered district to -make sure that they
are neither contaminating the wells
nor aerving aa breeding places for flies.
Because of all these facts. I feel Ins
tifled in asserting very positively that
not only are there no typhoid fever
cases in Centralia at present, but, fur
thermore, that better precautions are
being carried out today to see that the
possiouity or typhoid infection is re
duced to a minimum than ever before
In the history of the community.
Such -being the facts. I feel that it
would only be Just to the city of Cen
tralla to give the facta as they now
are a reasonaDie degree of publicity.
EUGENE R. KELLET,
State Health Commissioner.
Leaping down the mountains.
In glad, wild glee.
To greet the blue deep of
The moon-mad sea;
Lashing and splashing in
Nature's chaotic strife.
Purling and Jwlrllng like
A joyous thing of life;
Laughing and mocking, oh!
A merry friend, indeed.
Singing and sighing through
The waving, grassy mead:
Kissing the silver moon
When painted bright I ,
On thy limpid bosom
In the calm night:
Winding through the Valley,
Like a monster wild vine.
Frfhged with green woods where
The honeysuckles twine.
O, beautiful Queen of
Willamette Valley streams.
Thou mystic enchantress
Of my boyhood's strange dreams!
Rusing down the ages.
Eons long ago.
Slushing through Cambrian fens, .
Melting the snow;
Carving thy rugged path.
Through sandstone, drift and loam.
O'er, the Pleocene plain
Where great wild herds roamed.
Ere human thought came -to
Improve nature's rude plan.
And make earth a fitting
Habitation for man;
Thy voices were singing
The glad, proud lay.
That conquering man was
Coming some day.
On thy shady, green sward
One brilliant Summer moon,
A dusky, coy maiden
Hummed a wild love tune;
A gallant warrior bold
Came at her low, sweet call.
And he christened thee
Sparkling in the twilight.
Sportive and free.
Splashing like a fountain
On the green lea;
Rippling o'er the pebbles.
Pouring o'er foaming falls.
And hailing the forest
Songsters with loud love calls;
Rushing through the gorges.
Resting in limpid pools.
And twirling In eddies
Where the speckled trout schools;
Saluting the snow peaks.
In the dim blue.
Shouting nature's gladness
All the year through.
"Swiftly flowing water,"
Thy Indian synonym
Stamped on nature's altar!
Flow on, beautiful stream.
Through the ages flow on;
Time can neither mar nor
Scar thee, flow on, flow on!
J. T. FORD.
Dallas, Or.. April 26.
Knockers' Club Needed.
PORTLAND, April 30. (To the Ed
itor.) I was very much Interested in
the address of W. W. Cotton, delivered
before the Rotary Club, and the article
about it' that appeared in The Orego
nlan April 29. He said that the great
trouble Is that we are not sore enough;
we indulge in a little pessimistic talk,
and are so complaisant that we sub
mit to more freak" legislation than any
other people in the world.
Isn't Mr. Cotton an able-bodied man
with, I am sure, more than the aver
age amount of brains? Why does he
aubmit to these things? Why doesn't
he act? I mean-act, with a capital "A."
Talk is cheap we need more men in
this community who will actually do
something to right these wrongs.
The trouble in Portland and all. of
Oregon is that nearly everybody waits
for somebody else to do something. It
Is up to Mr. Cotton to form hia "knock
ers' club" and start the ball rolling.
Maaagrlnar n Literary Hnaband.
'Does your husband read a great
deal?" "He tries to. but whenever he
takes up a book, I can usually find
something I want him to do."
The Tj pewriter Angel's Star."
"Excuse mo: can I speak to your
typewriter a moment?" "You cannot,
she's engaged." "That's all right; I'm
the fellow she's engaged to."
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of May 1. 1SS9.
New York. April SO. The centennial
of Washington's inauguration was cel
ebrated today by President Harrison
with services In St. Paul's Episcopal
Church, a military parade, addresses
by Chauncey M. LVpew and the Presi
dent and a banquet at the Metropolitan
Rev. Mr. Shields, of Joseph, will move
this week to Seilwood to take chars
of the Presbyterian Church.
At last the Sellwood ferry is a set
tled fact. Half the capital stock is
subscribed and the shareholders have
elected the following officers: Presi
dent, George L. Read: secretary, Mr.
Cummins; treasurer, Mr. Alexander. It
is the intention to purchase the ferry
boat belonging to Captain Adair, of
Alexander Mackey. attorney of the
liquidation of the Oregonian Railway
Company, has returned from a trip of
Inspection over the lines.
A grand panorama of Alaska will be
given by George M. Weister. In Cal
vary Presbyterian Church this evening.
C. E. Michener reports four of the
elevators along the lines of the O. R.
& N. Company completed.
Mrs. Captain J. C. Apperson was
thrown from her buggy at Oregon City
yesterday and severely injured.
Charles De Burgh will erect a livery
stable on N street. East Portland, on
the west side of the building now used
by Morgan & Ross and the Willamette
Bridge Railway Company.
The East Portland Water Company
has appointed S. Stuart and Frank
Vaughn to represent the company In
the commission appointed by the City
The Washington centennial was cel
ebrated yesterday In Portland with a
military and civic parade: exercises at
th Tabernacle at which Governor Pen
noyer presided and Honorable M. P.
Deady delivered the address: a banquet
at" Fretmann's by tho Board of Trade,
at which Donald Macleay presided and
Governor Pennoyer. General John Gib
bon, Judge Deady. Mr. Scott, of The Or.
egoulan: Judge Williams. General Ka
pua. Colonel Beebe, of the First Regi-'
ment. O. N. G.: Colonel Lee and Major
Sumner. U. S. A; Colonel McCraken
and others spoke.
The Exposition building of the In
dustrial Fair Association was opened
yesterday under the auspices of the
First Regiment, O. N. with an ex
hibition drill, promenade concert and
LATTICF.D Tt BI XG
Tall Honaen for nature-Kinder on a
Vnlted States Battleship.
Kansas City Star.
A smudge of smoke on the horizon,
then two skeleton towers of steel lat
tice work Just above tho skyline.
A battleship! A Unites states bat
tleship! Why? Because United States battle
ships are the only ones that have masts
of latticed steel tubing towers that
look as If they were meant to train
Crimson Rambler rosea and 100 or more
Fighting tops are obeeleta in the
United States Navy. The men who oc
cupy the nests at tho top of the masts
nowadays are unarmed. Their sole use
fulness to the ship consists in finding
the range for the gunners down below.
The towers are made of the latticed
steel, so they will remain upright, al
though riddled with shots from an
enemy's ship. Shells may pass through
the network of tubing until every
strand Is severed, and still the tower
The old style steel masts, with a sin
gle support, could be cut in two and
sent crashing to the deck with a single
shot from the enemy's gun. The new
masts are used as wireless towers and
for searchlights and signal platforms,
aa well as for range finding.
The range finders, usually three men.
pass canvas -belts around themselves
in action. - Otherwise they might be
thrown far aboard by some sudden
lurch. The top of the "waste basket'
mast is like the lower end of a clock
pendulum when It comes to swaying.
The ship leans over just a foot or two
maybe, the mast six or a dozen feet.
When the guns are firing below, the
concussion sets the steel tubes vibrat
ing like a suspension bridge with a
crowd crossing. Sometimes the vibra
tion s so strong that the range finders
can't work. Then the guns are stilled
for a minute.
Some Teatnres for Sunday:
Peter Finley Dunne Brings Him
Back to Earth to Discuss the Mili
tary Career and the Troubles at
On righting Men.
I full page of photographs show
ing different phases of campaign
ing as it is conducted by American
soldiers in -wartime. These are
graphic action pictures and of es
pecial interest at this time.
Latin America and the Canal
Just what the bis ditch will do for
our sister republics is. told by John
She is dissected and
author, who includes
the things in women
A full page in colors
sonages that have
United States and on
garian Queen will be
a chapter on
on royal pcr-
The Mated Rubies
A story of love and adventure, by
Flying to the Pole.
Admiral Peary tells how this jour
ney will be accomplished ere long
by dariilg aeronauts.
Master of Dancing.
The story of Ni-jinsky, greatest of
dancers, who is a big man with the
strength and build of a Sandow.
Peace in the World.
Just what makes for international
amity is discussed by THEODORE
The concluding installment of Mrs.
Hall's handwriting series.
. Scores of Other Features
Order early of your news dealer.