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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 2, 1914)
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I-QKTLAM). THt llSDAY, APRIL g, 1814.
THE BLOW THAT SPLIT DEMOCRACY.
Champ Clark's speech and the sub
sequent vote on the bill repealing
canal toll exemption are evidence that
the Democratic party has reached a
crisis in its history. The sharp di
vision in its ranks may presage a de
feat as crushing as that of 1896.
Democracy reached the high tide of
its success In 1892, but was divided
and scattered four years later. It
again swept the country in 1912, but
already, only a year after its return
to power, it Is once more divided. The
division has arisen on a question
whereon victory for one faction or
the other is yet doubtful and, as the
battle rages in the Senate," the line
of cleavage will be more sharply de
fined and passions will become more
aroused, thus rendering the breach
more difficult to heal.
Mr. Clark, as the spokesman of
the old Democracy, was able to rally
to nim luty-two members of his oar
ty In the House,-notwithstanding the
natural tendency of men to yield to
the tremendous influence of the
President, an influence which Mr.
Wilson is peculiarly skillful in wield
ing. He has doubtless weakened the
allegiance to the President of many
who must have voted reluctantly for
the bill. He, with the prestige of
Speaker, has led the first revolt
against a President who has hitherto
had the almost undivided allegiance
of his party. As the Administration
grows old and stale and as more
causes of difference arise, the habit
of voting against the President is apt
to grow and more of his reluctant
followers are likely to desert him
Over-confident in his control of party,
he has hopelessly divided ij. at the
dawn of his second year in office.
The division will be continued and
accentuated by public opinion. The
ringing words of Mr. dark will find
an ecno in tne breast of many a
patriotic Democrat who looks back
with pride to Jackson at New Or
leans, to Cleveland bringing England
to book in the Venezuelan dispute, as
the ideal Democrats, and who has
small patience for the flabby, falter
ing, yielding, pacifist foreign policy
of Wilson and Bryan. Such men will
recall that it was a Democratic Presi
dent who sent the American Army to
Mexico City. They will recall that
this Nation, with foreign aid, defeated
England in the Revolution and, un
aided, fought a drawn battle with
England in 1812. They will not relish
the idea of yielding to her in 1914
without having even threshed out the
merits of the dispute by diplomacy
Though disclaiming motives of re
venge and ambition, Mr. Clark was
evidently fired by those sentiments
and they added force to his masterly
ripping-up of the President's pleas
for repeal. His summing up of the
case for exemption is so terse and un
answerable that it will become lodged
in the minds of the people and will
breed a growing resentment, which
will find expression at the polls in
1916. Here it is. Let every reader
of The Oregonian read, ponder and
To whom does the Panama Canal belong,
anyway? To the Vnited states of America.
For whose benefit did we build It? Pri
marily for our own; secondarily, for the
Why did we build it? In order to secure
cheap water freight rates.
Who fought the building of the canal for
lri long, wearisome years? Tlte transcon
Who would be the chief beneficiaries of
this repeal bill? The same transcontinental
The Speaker brands the President
as the repudiator of a plank of his
platform which he had specifically
indorsed and reminds him that "a
National convention is the highest au
thority for the declaration of party
principles." Then Mr. Clark speaks
these words, which send a thrill
through the breast of every patriotic
citizen, be he Republican, Democrat,
Progressive, Prohibitionist or Social
ist: We most earnestly desire peace with all
nations; we will buy peace from none.
We want war with no nation, but rather
than surrender our right to our complete
sovereignty on every sunare foot of our
globe-encircling domain we will cheerfully
and courageously face a world In arms.
He meets the argument that ex
emption is a "mistaken economic pol
icy" by asking if our policy of ex
cluding foreign ships from our coast
wise commerce is also mistaken. He
answers tho contention that exemp
tion contravenes the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty by quoting the Supreme Court
and by showing that the British rep
resentatives were doubtful of the va
lidity of their own claim. He asserts
as "the plain, unvarnished truth" that
we have considered our coastwise
commerce "solely as our own business
and that foreign nations have abso
lutely nothing to do with it. It is
none of their business what we do
with it." Ha finally declares repeal
of exemption to be practical aban
donment of the Monroe Doctrine.
That speech breathes a spirit so con
trary to that which has animated the
President and his advisers and sup
porters that it will cause the tide of
indignation to rise against the policy
of pusillanimous surrender. That sen
timent may stiffen the spines of some
doubting Senators to the point where
they will take courage to oppose the
President. The Senate is far more
evenly divided than the House, a pro
longed contest is ahead in that body
and the President's victory is by no
means certain. The longer the con
troversy continues, the more deeply
interested will the public become.
"Whichever way It is decided in Con
gress, it will be continued on the plat
form and in the press. It will be
continued with the dominant party
divlded against itself and the division
will surely be carried into the next
If tho bill should be passed, the 1
question at issue, will not thereby bejjournal and now seldom appear, ex-
settled a between this country and
threat. .Britain, tnough a settlement fa
vorable to the truly American conten-
tion will have been made far more
difficult by the action of the Presi
ent ana Congress. Passage of the
repeal bill will not. in itself, be an
admission that we have no right un
der the treaty to exempt coastwise
vessels; it will mean simply that we
have decided not to exercise that
right at present, in case we have it
The diplomatic negotiations are still
open and can be renewed by a sue
Thus Mr. Wilson has opened an
agitation which will continue for at
least three years with its accompani-
ments of Democratic discord and
constant agitation. That will weaken
the Democratic party and will greatly
diminish its present leader's chances
of renomination and the party's
chances of renewing its control of the
Government. Far from improving our
relations with Oreat Britain, it may
end the era of good feeling which has
existed between the two countries
since the Spanish War and may cause
relations to become more strained as
discussion becomes more heated. Had
the President permitted the question
to go to arbitration he could have
prevented all public controversy and
procured a final settlement in the
calm atmosphere of a judicial tri
bunal. By the course he has adopted
he has finally settled nothing, but has
divided his party and has furnished
his opponents with an issue on which
they have a. good prospect of defeat
ing him for renomination and re-election.
THE ROW AT QUINCY.
The real contention of the clamor
ous and riotous supporters of Mrs.
Foreman at Quincy is, first, that the
directors had no right to dismiss her,
and second, that she had an inalienable-
right to teach her own peculiar
socialistic doctrines in the public
The socialistic community at
Quincy have thus given a demonstra
tion of Socialism in its practical appli
cation. Because the directors of the
school sought in due form to displace
Mrs. Foreman, they took the law in
their own hands. Because the- major
ity of the public resented the intro
duction of socialistic instruction in
the public schools and recalled the
directors who were responsible for
Mrs. Foreman, they purposed to
shove Socialism down their throats
There may be reasonable ground
for controversy over the exact nature
of Mrs. Foreman's teachings; but
there is none over the right of the
people of Quincy to recall their school
directors for any reason, and to sub
stitute a public school board which
will carry out their will. The action
of Mrs. Foreman and her followers is
a lawless opposition to the orderly ad
ministration of school affairs, and it is
proper that the authorities should in
sist that the law be observed in form
and in essence.
The American flag floats over the
Quincy public school; we hope it will
also float over the Socialists' proposed
One of Portland's newspapers is
quite firmly convinced that Mr. Rush
light Is still Mayor of Portland and is
frankly glad of it. The interesting
conclusion is based on the theory that
since 1903 all annexations to the city
have been illegal and that the city
proper rejected the commission char
ter. We have heretofore suggested that
there Is a brilliant opportunity for the
man with a speculative and mathe
matical turn of mind to figure direful
consequences from the recent decision
of the Supreme Court. But to attract
attention one ought to be really sen
sational and a good digger into fig
ures. It will be recalled that the charter
election was not the only election held
since 1903. Mr. Rushlight, when ele
vated to the Mayor's chair, also count
ed the votes in the large district now
thought by some not to be a part of
Portland. Perhaps Mr. Rushlight was
not legally elected. Then who is
Mayor? Joseph Simon?
The uncertainty is very annoying
just at this time. It positively oucht
to be settled so that we may know
who is to pitch the first ball on open
FASMIXU IT ALONG.
No wise statesman who thinks of
a clever epigram should keep it
locked in his own bosom. The man
In the employ of the people who con
sructs a good thing in word-play has
no right to nurse it, sleep with it
and chuckle over it in privacy. The
right of the public to enjoy it is, or
ought to be. assured by the spirit
If not the letter of the corrupt prac
tices act, the direct primary law and
the constitutional guarantee of every
man s right to the pursuit of happi
ness. Doubtless Governor West had
these considerations in mind when
he gave out for publication the fol
lowing telegram to the Secretary of
If Will Tl. Kins? will snenrt leas time riah.
bllng in Oregon politics and devote more
time to his duties as an officer In the Rec
lamation Service, our chances for leas whis
ky and more water In Oregon will Improve.
The Governor asserts that the tele
gram is self-explanatory. Of course
it is to the local man who under
stands that the Governor is Impre
sario of a political opera bouffe en
titled "The Only Honest Man." But
how about a Government officer 4000
miles away? As Secretary Lane is
somewhat out of touch with Oregon
state politics he will probably reason
The Reclamation Service being en
gaged in putting water on land. Gov
ernor West desires to Inform him
that if Mr. King is more diligent
Oregon will have more Irrigated
tracts. Whisky being a concomitant
of politics, every good Democrat is
entitled to his portion. Mr. King's
activity in local affairs is distracting
to the party.' The politicians being
driven away from their toddy by 'his
pernicious activity, there is a surplus
or whisky in the state. If Mr. King
will let politics alone the- Democrats
will drink more and there will there
fore be less whisky in Oregon. Quod
Mr. Lane will, of course, hasten to
take a course which he believes wHl
encourage the conviviality of the Ore
gon Democracy and the Governor will
have gained his point by having Mr.
King called off. Meanwhile the epi
gram is preserved for the enjoyment
and wonderment of ourselves and our
It is a pleasing pastime to watch
the growth and decay of words. The
good old "Welsh rabbit." a classic ex-
i Dressinn ba lrui cn-inlot... .i . . .-I
tho iiirirni e .i,. t .hi... t ,
cept in the hideous disguise of a
"Welsh rarebit." This monster has
found its evil way into the streetcars
and stares banefully down from the
advertising rack at distressed passen
gers. Why not pass an ordinance
against "rarebits" as well as cigar
MR. TAFT AND THE KLE4JH.
The Imagination of the country is
still excited by Mr. Taft's efforts to re
duce his flesh. Most fat men have
sooner or later undertaken the heroic
task of thinning themselves, but very
few of them persist determinedly
enough to make much of an impres
sion on their weight. Mr. Taft has
persisted. That is the peculiar cir
cumstance in the epic of his great
ness. He has fasted, thirsted and ex
ercised away a full seventy-five
pounds of superfluous flesh.
Having once convinced himself that
there was "too much of him," he set
resolutely to work to bring himself
within tolerable limits and he has
persevered to the end. Not to say
mat ne is now anything like a wan
ana feeble specter. Mr. Taft is com-
loriaDiy extensive still. Perhaps ha
is uncomfortably extensive. But noth
ing can obliterate the fact that there
is seventy-five solid pounds less of
nim tnan there was when he first be
gan his regimen. Nay, he has the
hardihood to belittle the pangs he has
endured in paring off his mountain
ous redundancies. "My diet has not
been severe," he writes lighUomely to
a inena. it is thus that the pale mar
tyr smiles amid the flames. Even so
did Socrates jest as he swallowed the
hemlock and Sir Thomas More ex
change witticisms with the headsman
air. Taft may say what he likes
The task of reducing flesh is not one
to be undertaken lightly or encoun
tered with hilarity. It is a serious
Dusiness and the fact that he has
transacted it victoriously la to his
credit- He has set the Nation an ex
ample which all of us may well Imi
tate, tnat is, all of us who are fat.
Long shall the tale be told. yea. when
our babes are old," of how the grand
ex-i-resiaent waged war UDOn his
hydro-carbon accumulations and rut
them to flight. He will live longer
and far more happily for his triumph.
Who among our rotund millions has
tne courage to Imitate him?
WHAT IT COSTS OREGON.
free tolls act is to be renealed
Dy a Democratic Administration
which had pledged itself in its Na
tional platform to free tolls for
American ships. But has Oregon a
right to complain?
Oregon cast its electoral vote for
frasident W ilson and reDudiaterl a
fresiaent who had persuaded Con
gress to grant free tolls.
Oregon has contributed to the
prestige and power of the Democratic
congress and a Democratic Execu
tive by electing two United States
Senators. It is aside from the mark
to say that one of the Senators is for
rree tolls. If he is, why is he a
Democrat? The other has not clearlv
indicated where he is.
The significant and controllinir fact
Is that repeal of free tolls is being
pusnea tnrough a Democratic Con
gress by a Democratic President. The
interests of Oregon and the Pacific
northwest are damaged heavily.
Since we have had one Democratic
Senator in Washington the state has
directly lost millions of dollars
through repeal of the original recla
mation act. The Oregon Senator is
chiefly responsible for this blow to
Since Oregon has had two Demo
cratic Senators, a tariff bill placing
on the free list many of Its important
products has been passed. Now the
free tolls act is about to be repealed.
Can any man or woman in Oregon
say that the political policies of the
Government and the attitude and
measures of its great parties do not
directly concern him?
Ol'B 1EEBLE FICTION.
Robert Herrick, who is an eminent
novelist and a competent critic, has
but a poor opinion of contemporary
American literature. Things went
better in the good old days when Em
erson, Longfellow and their peers
were writing, but now the gods are
dead and there are not even demigods
to take their vacant places. In spite
of the rich home material which lies
ready for anybody who can use it, we
have to go to Austria and Germany
for the best plays and to England for
the best novels. So, at any rate. Mr.
Herrick thinks, ' and we imagine it
would be hard to deny his assertion.
He might have perfected his lament
a little by mentioning Norwegian
plays among the others and including
Swedish novels with the British, but
In the main his depressing account
of our literature is only too true. Most
of it, he assures us, is little better
than journalism, poor, transistory
stuff here today and gone tomorrow.
Not merely our magazine output, but
our drama and our books are "mere
Journalism, things done for the mo
ment." Lest we all faint under this
condemnation, it may be well to re
member for the consolation it may
afford that Shakespeare's plays were
written for the moment, and so were
Homer's ballads, which now make up
the Iliad. Herodotus composed his
history to be read at an Olympic
meeting. Happily, these specimens of
journalism survived their immediate
purpose and so may some of ours.
Mr. Herrick ascribes the low estate
of our literature largely to the per
nicious influence of magazine editors
whose timidity and greed have com
mercialized both the serial novel and
the short story. What the magazines
print he describes with scant courtesy,
but full Justice, as "machine-made
literature." It must be cut to a cer
tain pattern and religiously conformed
to prearranged sets of ideas. But be
sides the pestiferous editors there are
other destructive influences at work
upon our literature. For one thing, it
is "sentimentally weak," Mr. Herrick
tells us. Not that" we are really
silly, sentimental Nation, but our nov.
easts have made it the fashion to de
scribe us in that way and apparently
nothing will ever change their habits.
Look at the immensely popular
"Rosary," for instance. What, in Mr.
Herrick's view, could be more sirupy?
The publishers complain that Ameri
can fiction is now read only by boys
and women. Who could expect grown
men to find pleasure in such saccha
rine trash? Then, in the second place,
our novels are weak religiously. The
living world has pretty thoroughly
discarded the old religious ex
pressions and is vigorously at work
framing new ones. The coming re
ligion is intensely social. Its bottom
tenet is the golden rule understood in
the large human sense without any
theology to dilute and poison it. This
new religion brims over in the current
fiction of England, but la ours there
is scarcely a trace or It. Wells, Gals
worthy. Bennett understand and use
it. What American writer can or
wants to do the same? "Our imagin
ative writers display the same ignor
ance of this new religious expression
as have our two ex-Presidents In
writing about It," says Mr. Herrick.
Again, we are fearful prudes in the
matter of sex. In spite or all that has
been said about the desirableness of
free discussion in this field, our fic
tion is still tongue-tied. Or else it Is
brazenly and shamelessly bold, which
is a great deal worse. Mr. Herrick
thinks sex ought to occupy the same
space in literature that it does in life.
Certainly in all the great literatures
or the world it does so. The effort to
make an exception of ours does not
appear to have been brilliantly suc
cessful. The boast we so often make
that our books would not bring a
blush to the cheek of the most Inno
cent maiden may possibly mean that
it would not rouse an atom of interest
in an Intelligent mind.
Finally, our literature is too aristo
cratic to please Mr. Herrick. We are
devotedly rond of the lives of the rich
and idle. Their adventures in love,
divorce and extravagance form the
staple of most of our fiction. What
else does Mrs. Wharton deal with?
What else do we find in any of our
best sellers? Nevertheless, America
is a democratic Nation and the liters
ture It produces will always taste flat
until the ebb and flow of our common
life splashes freely into it. We must
write more about Lincoln' "common
ThereMs a curious tendency in the
word "inspection" to become synony
mous with "blackmail." No doubt
our meat, fruit, bread and everything
else we eat, drink and wear should
be inspected at our expense. But when
the inspectors league themselves with
the inspected to deceive and plunder
their paymasters, fortune seems for
the moment to dim her smile. What
has become, of the old-time dealer
who could keep himself honest with
The savage is always betrayed by
his Jokes. He may disguise himself
as much as he likes with the outer
trappings of civilization, but as soon
as we know what he laughs at we
know what he Is. A person who
amuses himself with the miseries of
Jobless and hungry men would find
congenial companions among the Iro
quois, who boiled babies to see them
squirm. The veneer of civilization is
very, very thin on some of us.
Keeping a postofflce bids fair to be
come an exacting business as the par
cel post expands. His new duties will
make the postmaster something of a
middleman between rural producers
and urban consumers. This will leave
him less time for politics, but will en
large his usefulness. There is a de
cided disposition all around the circle
to make officials useful servants of the
public rather than mere routine
grinders of chaff.
What has become of Jessie Wood?
She lives at Ridgefleld Park. New
Jersey. Tuesday night she left home
to go to a meeting of Camptire Girls
at a neighbor's. On the way she dis
appeared, vanished from the face of
the earth. There are terrible stories
afloat of white slavers' exploits. Is
Jessie Wood one of their victims? No
wonder Ridgefleld Park is in a fever
of distress and fear.
The railway postal clerk who took
$20,000 from the malls two years ago
and has Just been arrested omitted
one important point in his calculation.
The department never sleeps on the
trail of a thief and never lets up until
The man who brought a wagonload
of hogs from Vernonia to Portland
and profited thereby was fortunate in
finding a road on which he could
travel. Not all hogralsers are so
lucky in the early Spring.
An Oregon man finds he has been
paying taxes on a neighbor's lot for
twenty-five years by mistake. Re
gardless of the victim's feelings, no
doubt the neighbor Is duly gratified.
An Eastern Oregon prospector was
washing his "last pan" when he
struck a rich pocket. It remains to
be seen, however, whether thl- wa
luck or misfortune.
General Gorgas has been given a
degree by Oxford. Those English
certainly appreciate what our canal
makers have done for them.
Coal miners are going on a big
strike. So long as the ico men stay
on the job the country may be able
to worry along until Fall.
Even as the soldier argues that the
other fellow will get mowed down in
battle, so does the candidate view the
An American adventurer has Just
found his wife after thirty-seven
years. -Oddly enough, she had not ac
quired a successor.
Rockefeller is absorbing the Gould
interest- Having devoured all the
little fish he is now going after the
A new altitude mark has been set
by a German aviator. An aerial Co
lumbus will yet penetrate to distant
The transcontinental tourist must
pay extra to see Portland, but the
view is worth the money.
German aviators are reaching the
greatest altitude, while Frenchmen
make the dullest thud.'
John Bull, however, should not
prematurely celebrate acquisition of
the Panama Canal.
The meanest man on earth is the
one who played an April fool Joke on
With many bogus coins in circula
tion it will pay to inspect all JS pieces
The Man Who Came Back has the
right of way in Portland today.
Villa has captured Torreon only
'our times thus far this week.
Anyway, the home team started out
in pennant-winning form.
We should now abolish July 4 and
celebrate Empire day.
Enroll as a "fly cop" and get busv
with your swatter.
Stars and Starmakers
BY LEONE CAXJ B4KR.
Izetta Jewel is taking a trip to Pan
ama for "pleasure and business," ac
cording to a news item in The Drama
tic Mirror. When she returns to New
York she is to appear in a play writ
ten for her. This is according to a
note on my desk, from the lovely
Izetta, dated New Tork.
Speaking of Izetta. a Washington
dispatch tells of the secret wedding, in
October last, of Hasel May Jewel, the
younger sister of izetta. Hazel, who
had dropped the name of Jewel, waa
ingenue with the Poll stock In Wash
ington. D. C. for the two k
slater was leailir.i . .
r "" nifi a ne
story given out is that Miss May
closed her engagement on March 50.
to retire from the stage and assume
her position In society as one of the
matrons of the young "navy eet A
courtship in Newport last Summer cul
minated on October T last when Miss
May became the secret bride of Donald
C Godwin, ensign. U. s. N. The young
couple parted Immediately after the
ceremony, as Ensign Godwin's ship was
",u" -Mexico waters. But now
that the officer's dutlee call him North
again, cards have been issued in formal
announcement of the marriage.
Florence Roberts has returned to the
xa. nonage stock Company in Min
neapolis for a three weeks' engage
ment. Sh opened Monday night in
Magda. The other two plays she will
present are "Toss" and "Gloria."
Whea a good play is written now
adays the choosing of a title la one or
the hardest tasks. Jack La It, a one
time San Francisco newspaper man.
who has successfully launched "Help
Wanted." says so many plays have
been written, and naturally each or
them is named, that It leaves very few
titles from which the new playwright
can choose. Which suggests the story
or the old Southern nrmu wk
accosted by a traveler. She had a
pickaninny hanging to her skirt, and
the stranger asked his name. He was
informed that this child had not yet
been named. "
"'Not named? He must be at least
ten or eleven years old.
"'Yassar. dat he is.' she answered.
But whut Ah gwine to do? My old
man he does used up all do good names
on de dawgs, an' now dat chile, des
hatter wait tell one ob dem die. so he
can git his name. "
Frederick Belasco has turned pro
ducer. He will .end Mra Douglas
Crane, a sometime cabaret dancer out
on the road in "Her Soul and Her
Body," Louise Cloeser Hale's story,
which was dramatized especially for
That she may be judged for her ar
tistic merits alone, tha m. .. v
fellow professionals, is the desire of
Evelyn Nesblt Thaw, who is to appear
at the Hellls Theater soon. She will
be seen at the head or a big company
in tlve clever French dlvertlsement,
Mariette." from the Alhambra Thea
ter, London. Evelyn Thaw has waited
six years for the. nniiri.t. ....
- w --"iiutity
with her name to die out before return-
ins -o tne stage.
An old Baker Pla
Is playing with Kitty Gordon In "Pretty
Miss Smith." which Is having a good
run in Boston. The musical comedy
coma to nave made a favorable im
pression on the villagers.
Broderlck OFarell. who among other
things is the husband of Myrtle Lang
ford, is having a brier dip into vaude
ville at the Republic in San Fran
cisco. He is in a sensational .v.tk
called "The Law."
Bessie Barrlscalo. a s,- tt..i
actress, is giving good accounts or
herseir, histrionically n..u.. .
York in "What Would You Dor
Tonight grand onnra nn.4 i: .
Crosman. comedienne, are rival attrac-
wuna. .miss crosman's offering Is "The
Tongues of Men." whirh k.. ..
coincidence has a irrand nnr
mosphere, with Its heroine a grand
Claude Archer, last 1
manager for the Baker Flavor. ...
closed his engagement with the Isa-
Dene jrietcner stock company In Van
couver. B. C. His wife, known profes
sionally us Jean Devereaux. was In
genue with the company. The two are
now In Oakland, Oil.
Marcus Loew. who haa nri.u..j . v. -
Sulllvan-Conaldlne circuit of thi.r.
comprising over 60 theaters throughout
me west, says tnat tho purchase of
the property will enable him to offer
performers 100 weeks of contln.ln...
work. This means nracticaliv w.-nrt.
for a lifetime, as they can play It over
Mr. Loew'a rlsn In theatric. ! l...
been truly phenomenal. He atai-tH
eight years ago with nennv ar..i..
Cincinnati and New York, bought the
rtoyai tneater in Brooklyn seven years
ago, enlarged his circuit to Include 23
theaters In New York and many be
tween that city and Toronto, until he
had 47 theaters before he bought the
Marie Baker, who played character
roles with the Baker Flayers two year
ago, has Just ended an engagement
wiirt me uailey ilitchell stock in Se
Brander Matthews has written a olav
called "The Welcome Guest," In which
Amelia Gardner, a one-tima Rib..
Player, will have the lead role. m
Louis James Is of the cast also.
Mistake, la Road Saner.
HOOD RIVER. M.rrh 1 T .V-
Editor.) Can vou tell m. it - . j
- - . . w n vi
can be changed after it has been In
uae 12 or IS years? In laying out the
road a mistake of 12 feet was made
and to chanua It nw I ...
loaa or several shade, and fruit trees
in oearing. fcTBSCRIBER.
"The rlcht of rnnntl. In ihi. ....
tO PUbllc roads, or to onen ntihll. n4.
shall not be extinguished by any ad
verse possession, however long con
tinued, and no title to lands included in
SUCh DUbliC roads. whn ..ki.
- - ' UU11
xoads are once established, shall be
t-Huucu against such count v
through the operation of the rrt.,t.
of limitations." L. O. L. sec. S72 Thl.
applies to surveyed roarl uj
surveyed and set aside for a public
. may u liiKen later even though
It has been fenced and a house built
on, according to -decisions, unless on
petition or six freeholders of th. rn.j
district in which
established, the c.nntv -.,-. ,
an order vacating the road.
MfKMHE COST OK uUVERKNMT.
Ceatribater Vtmdu Oae Caaae la -
ea Jaea aaa High salaries.
CORVALL1S, Or.. March tl. (To the
Kdttor) The letter of Mr. llofer in
The Oregonian calls attention to a
matter in which the taxpayers are all
Interested the Insensible growth of
public expense. Yesterday I was look
ing through that same 1911 Hat of ses
sion laws, and in the appropriation and
other billa I found where this growth
had gotten rather beyond the means
of most taxpayers, when you take Into
consideration the earning capacity of
To llluatrate. A few years ago 1
""""w me doors or Jackson County
tor ton years back a rather l.r..
contract It seemed, and It waa the first
examination Jackson had had. There
omor accountants bidding also,
and I got the contract at 11300. the
lowest hid above me being more than
twice that amount- The papers said
I waa only a man they needed an ac
countant, r-eople commiserated with
me tor naving a contract I could not
mans my aait out of. I had put In
three days lookina- over th knnii. k.
fore submitting my bid. and I made
a montn at It, did a flrst-clssi
piece of work, and recovered over$loo
for the county to boot. Now, as 1
explained to those people, the reason
I bid that low amount was that the
taxpayers could not earn the fartrv
prices which my competitors were dls-
puxea 10 cnarge. and I waa satlrfjed
with a reaaonable eularv it A . . i
not break me up otie way or another
"""Mr i got any pay or not-
The reason I mention this personal
matter Is to show the way taxpayers
look at this insensible growth in pub
lia office. Show me the taxpayer who
earns 1800 a year by his hands or hla
talents alone, and I will show you far
average wage earner. But
the majority of taxpayers are below
1800 men. Now, In the offices or the
Governor. Treasurer and Secretary or
State the chief clerks get $3000 a year
each. Who can earn that amount with
out a profession, a property which had
been accumulated somehow, or some
special influence back or him? Who
among the taxpayers who pay these
salaries can unaided earn that amount?
I say that tlsoo would be aa outside
limit for such salaries. Many other
...ones tnrougnout the official system
In Oregon are in proportion to these
high salaried clerks.
The general tendency Is that when
one draws a great salary he does less
work In proportion aa hla salary is In
creased. This sounds like a paradox,
but It is strlcUy true. X have employed
a good deal of labor In my time and
have directed other labor, too. and I
fl.nd Jnat that U the rulft- n would
thtnk-that the more you pay the more
they do. but that Is not true. The rule
Is the exact opposite. I made a list
of the Items which could be properly
reduced In the official system of Ore
gon out of that same session law book
and the reducUon would be S9S.120 for
one yeir. That eliminates the luxury
or an Attorney-General's office, leaves
in the Railroad and Tax Commiasiona
and bunches a lot or other expensive
luxuries, together with clerk hire to
spare. The trimming knife could be
applied much more radically than my
poor effort If any well-informed per
son would take the session laws and
study the volume a bit.
d?. not b"ev the case of the poor,
flim-flammed taxpayer Is hopelesa. It
looks as if It were, but attention to
these abuses, for they are nothing else,
will open the way to cut off some or
luxurious and sentimental fads
which have grown Imperceptibly Into
our official system. 1 do not desire to
P"? " reformer nor anything of
that kind, but it seems to me as a citi
zen and taxpayer of thla state that
good work can be done when the peo
ple are Informed or the fast and loose
methods which generally ramify our
official system, but for which they pay
In high taxea. J. H. WILSON.
Ours to Control.
p-??.RYIV"n ' VIarcl 31. (To the
txiltor.) The real point at issue in the
tolls Question la. in my opinion, not
whether It is for the best interest of
the people of the United si.i.. .
grant free toll or not, for that is our
,w can settle It as we see
tit, but the point Is. has the United
states the right to do It, regardless of
.'"h. ,any ot,,er ntlon or nationa
think. It seems to me there la hut nn.
answer to that. It has.
ir this right has been given away
By Congress then I must say we have
a fine lot of boneheads In Washing
ton. Everyone that voted for such a
treaty ought to be recalled. If Great
Britain or any other nation has a right
to say that we shall or shall not ruiKi
our own vessels through a canal built
on our own territory with our own
money, then she has a right to say
uiucr e nave a right to pass our
coastwise vessels from Astoria to
Portland free of tolls. Jn fact, she has
more, for the Columbia River waa
made by the hand of God, and we only
maintain it, while with the canal, it
was built by us and the ground on
which It runs bought by us. If the
Democratic party by Mr. Wilson's or
ders votes to give this right away
without a protest, then tbey ahould be
kicked down and out, it. s. c.
Where to May Tax Tltlea.
FLORENCE. Or, March 29. (To the
Editor.) Kindly give me the address
of the proper person to write to for in
formation in regard to buying tax
FRFD E. GHAK1SH.
Information regarding tho purchase
of land sold for taxes may be obtained
from the Sheriff of the county in
which the land is situated.
Naaae ( Drasaatlat.
PORTLAND. April 1. (To the Edi
tor) Kindly publish the correct pro
nuciation of "Brieux," the dramatist.
E. H. ROBINS.
There is no exact equivalent for the
pronunciation but can be expressed In
written English, The name Is pro
nounced In two spllables "Brl-e." The
accent Is on the second syllable which
has a sound similar to the "e" in her.
A Philadelphia banker has distin
guished himself by giving a supper
party at whb-h monkeys mixed with
the guests. To avoid confusion the
guests wore even Ins; lrens.
By Deaa Cat lias.
Tie early in Spring
To cut loose and sing
And burst Into prophesy bright:
But I have to give praise
To the opening days.
For the Beavers have sure started
Let honors loom big
For the hurling of Hlg.
That drove the wild Wolves Into
Make a wreath for HI West.
Aa we holler with zest:
"The Beavers have sure started right."
We know not what thing
The season may bring.
But this we are certain of quite.
From the style of their play
On the opening day
The Beavers have sure started right.
Let us fashion us dreams
Of the pennant's bright gleams.
And boost things with all of our
For a lucky beginning
Goes far toward a winning:
And the Beavers have sure started
Twenty-five Years Ago I
From The Oregonian of April Z. 1SS.
:t. w' "li AT.rl1 I A 7n't "led
by V. H. Biggs on behalf of the Gov
ernors Katlroad Commission against
'attire.1 8,ln "rpotnlyl bT b Leg's-
Seattle. April 1 The trustees or tbe
IVnny Hotel tonight deolded to let the
contract for the construction of the
building to Jamea Parke. Tt.e County
t. ommtssioners decided to submit to
vote of the people an issue of ti 000
In bonds for the erection or new coun
Spokane Falls. April 1. Mis-. Mabel
Clagett. -daughter of Hon. William H
tlapett. tied from her father's house
at Georgetown. Idaho, and went ever
the mountaina at night to marry, where
she joined Fred K. Lucas. They were
married by Kev. T. O. Watson, of this
.s.mRI?a' ,Apr'1 1 A rumor 1s afloat
that the I.nlon Pacific Is making ar
rangements for the purchase of the Or
egon Railway & Navigation Company.
The medical department of the Wil
lamette University yesterday gradu
ated class of 13 L. Victoria Hamp
ton. Osslan J. West, John F. Wetzel. E.
y.Va "'vvl' Cecil C. Klllam.
Jacob S Barblow. Harry Oreene Hill.
Kmma M. Linden. Myra A. Brown. Will
H. Palmer B McBrld. Caples. William
11. larrlih. George Breck. The exer
j opened with prayer by Rev.
John Gordon; Miss May Cook rendered
a piano solo; the president of the unl
rbr 'r-ai?"- Thom" Van ecoy. mad
& Drivf )() rmmm In.
ft uW"0 ,"iT'-ed by Kev. Boss C.
Houghton: Mis. Jeanne Blodgett gavo
a recitation and Professor Gustav Mil-
" ' ' ' t roressor James
- -- 'jurrsi i o I rt rt
fI?lJ,.!"n1 MBi-ide Caples the
There was great slaughter of Chi
nook salmon at Oregon City yesterday.
- T""00" making arrange
ments, t Improve a large tract of land
adjoining the Holladay Addition.
Mrs. Esther Holladay. widow of the
conduronHOlUd"V- " a V"y CriUc-
mh" T,,'ardw tho now r-Pral-er or
merchandise, has returned from Wash
iQKion. elJ!rtU.nd, Ro,,l"S- Club last night
elected the following ,n .
Arthur. J. P. Marshall. D. Loring. J. H.
aP",n..!r ,L rr. A. B. McAlpitt
. lining and r . It. Strong.
The stockholder. k. ti . n
hlf TV Coml,ny re-elected the old
si,Tri. v J " "owe: Ira B.
t'tlirirls. KennerK -... i. . . . .
Ella Talbot. A. W. Oil ver" R- H. Thomr?!
c?nSmVt' WhKe- Captin w' V-u-rTk
Sol Smith Russell scored a hit in "A
fXZEWXl ,l ,he Kew
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of April 2. 184
went in, r-H , rCh 30PPrheads
"iea in their
7t fr?r ?ed With P-'to'a Some
drawn info ,? Cou"thou.e were
t0 an ffry and a general
fight occurred. The Sheriff fired his
Pistol at the Union men. Being out!
numbered, the Union men ran to ad
"U'id'1 'or arms.
Mitr-ho i , Colonel
-- , vj "tin Illinois, and fiv
heir" i'J'T? Codpr!
.... -t.i -ini several wounded.
flv-H LC0.TP"nl8 f the regiment r
T . the, ,f"r"0"' nd sent de
tachments after the gang of Copper,
heads, ihrnir 9ih i v.vjjfc.ci
- - i "ra are onoer ar-
ttVl i C" "ent from Mattoon cap
tured 0. when Copperheads from ad
Joining counties collected to release
of rebels at Copachin s Mills, 10 miles
south, and another eight miles west of
Mattoon. At midnight 1600 rebels were
reported within three miles of that
Dlace and u it u. l- .
v-wv t- jLpeciea.
T."nion OMfv Tllrat -a a
,,: -"-"a ur mayor, Men-
for treaaurer. H. B. Morse: for Ae-or.
1 NVJIlUms; for Marbal. .Hinm
La-room: for rmin..ii c-i.. n - . .
St.rr;.?"- J,' "olm. A- B. Hallock: Sec
ond Vtard. W. II. Bennett. Ira Good
nough. I. Robertson: Third W-.-H
Thomas Fraaar. Israel Uraydon. A
Hurgren. WhO (Tint ..... II... j I n . . .
. , . - " ' -J "ii roriuna me.
Dast elehr ... .. . , ... . .
- . iiui Know i M CI
urls. the f imous St. Bernard and Sit-
"-u vy noneri 1'lttock. cor
ner of Morrison and First streets? He
was shot through the left eye Thurs
day night or Friday morning and Is In
a r i T 1 1-1. 1 rn.i-i... i i .
.. ,lu 0 was oroURht
from .-an Francisco at an expense of
1100 and has saved fhr... ,
Ahoitt An ... .
a .ma uuwn on tno
steamer Senator from Oregon Citv lt
evening, among them several of the
Union state Convention delegates.
The What Cheer, the new hm.i ..r
Mr. O'Conner. has so fur neared com
pletion that the proprietor has alreudv
cominenced to furnish som of the
Dr. Chapman has become a nelc-hhoe
or ours, having fitted up a fine ufflro
In Carter's block opposite the Pioneer
Hotel: entrance on Washington street.
Leah, tho Forsaken." will ha
duccd by Mra Juila Dean Hayne.
Why aa Aaarralaff
PORTLAND. April 1. (To the, V.li-
-) Being somewhat acquainted with
the life as well as the writings of
Har Dyal, the Hindu philosopher. I
fail to see how he can be classified as
an anarchist. One of my near relatives
among a band of German Datriotn
was made a citizen of thla country
by special act of Congress because ho
struck for freedom of the Fatherland
from oppression, as did Har yal for
his native land.
Was Jesus an anarchist hrni h
devoted his time and substance for tho
betterment of humanity? This t
exactly what this man Is doing. Whilo
leacuinc; i tantord University he re
fused to take aalarv: In fact ha l.
ever willing to dispense his great stock
of knowledge free of charge to all.
nia iaca ol government is the "bear
ye ono another's burden" kind, arwl
his compassion toward all living
things seems almost to equal that of
master. Jt surely w II be. n ir
burk ward to dconrt a man of ,..
caliber. (. T. 8TEIN'LKI
It is a pleasant custom to remember
your friends and relatives by little
presents on this day of rejoicing.
If you read In The Oregonian the
advertisements of our leading shops,
you will find suggestions for num
berless llttie gifts that will gladden,
the hearts of old and young alike.
Tho Ingenuity of the manufacturers
has enabled the retailers to place be
fore you dainty trifles that by their
beauty and freshness convey the
spirit of affectionate greetings.
Vou have only to rt-ad tho an
nouncements contained In the adver
tising columns of The Oregonian to
perceive your many opportunities for
procuring charming tokens of remembrance.