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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
' mi. T.TII NO. 1C.SC2. ' POKTLAXP. OREOQ.V. EWK1AV. DECEMBER 84, 1913. PRICE FIVE CEXTS
- . , f - 1 I .
OLD MONEY SYSTEM
OF NATION PASSES
Currency Bill Signed
WILSON IS MOYED TO SPEECH
Chief Executive Touched by
Party Line Elimination.
CHANGE FIRST IN 50 YEARS
Passage of Tariff and Banking Laws,
Recognized a Big Legislation, In
90 Days Held . Tnprecedent-
rd In Countrj'a History.
WASHINGTON. Dee. 13. President
Wilson signed the Glass-Owen cur
rency bill at C:01 o'clock tonight, in
the presence of members of his Cab
inet, the Congressional committee on
banking and currency and Iemocratlc
lea-lera in Congress generally.'
With a few strokes of the pen
President Wilson converted into law
the measure to be known as the Fed
eral reserve act. reorganizing the
Nation's banking and currency sys
tem, and furnishing, in the words of
the President, "the machinery for free
and elastic and uncontrolled credits,
put at the disposal of the merchants
and manufacturers of this country for
the first time In BO years."
An enthusiastic applause ran through
the ceremony, not only as the Pres
ident affixed his signature, but as
ho delivered an extemporaneous
speech, characterising the desire of the
Administration to take common coun
cil with the business men of the coun
try and the latter'a efforts to meet
the Government's advances aa "the con
stitution of peace."
The event came at the close of a
day of rejoicing In the National cap
ital, for Congress had recessed for
two weeks for the first time since it
convened, last April. The Zemocratic
ixa4ers were Jubilant because they
'had completed two big pieces of legis
lation the tariff and the currency re
form In nine months, a performance
which they considered unprecedented
In the history of the country.
TVIUaa Slakes Talk.
"I need not tell you." said the
President to the assembled group, as
he took up his pen, "that I feel a very
deep gratification at being able to
sign this bill, and I feel that I ought
to express very heartily the admira
tion I have for the men who have
made it possible for me to sign this
bllL There have been currents and
counter-currents, but the stream has
moved forward. I think that we owe
special admiration to the patience and
the leadership and the skill and the
force of the chairmen of the two
committees; and behind them have
stood the committees themselves, exer
cising a degree of scrutiny and of
careful thought in this matter, which
undoubtedly has redounded to the
benefit of the bill Itself,
"Then there has grown as we have
advanced with this business and the
great piece of bualneswhlch preceded
it. evidence of team-work that, to my
mind, have been very notable, indeed.
Only constructive action, only the ac
tion which accomplished something,
fills me with the enthusiasm of co
operation, and I think that at this ses
sion of Congress we have witnessed
an accumulating pleasure and enthus
iasm on the part of the membership
ef both houses In seeing substantial
and lasting things accomplished.
Republlraa Votes Gratify.
"It is a matter of real gratification
to me that In the case of this bill
there should have been so considerable
a number of Republican votea cast for
It. All great measures under our sys
tem of government are of necessity
party measures, for the party of the
majority is responsible for their origi
nation and their passage, but this can
not be called a partisan measure. It
has been relieved of all intimation of
that aort by the cordial co-operation of
men on the other side of the two houses
m ho have acted with us and have given
Terr substantial reasons and very In
telligent reasons for acting with us. So
that I think we can go home with the
fet-linjr that we are in better spirits
(or public service than we were even
when we convened in April.
"As for the bill Itself. I feel that
we can say that it Is the first of a
series of constructive measures by
which the Democratic party will show
that It knows how to serve the country.
In calling it the first of a series of con
structive measures I need not say that
I am not casting any reflections on the
great tariff bill which preceded It. The
tariff bill was meant to remove those
Impediments to American industry and
prosperity which had so long stood in
their way. It was a great piece of
preparation for the achievement of an
American commerce and American in
dustry which are certain to follow.
Firtr Tears Bridged.
"Then there came upon the heels of
It this bill, which furnishes the ma
chinery for free and elastic and un
controlled credits, put at the disposal of
the merchants and manufacturers of
tills country for the first time In 60
years. I was refreshing my memory
en the passage of the National Bank
act which came In two pieces. In Feb
tConcludrl on rase t-i
RESERVE BANK FOR
PORTLAND IS AIM
SEATTLE FORMIDABLE OPPO
NENT I'XBEIt CCRREXCY LAW.
If Federal Board Decides on Twelve
Centers, Northwest Probable
Choice Senators fo Act.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. "Wash
ington. Dec As soon as the Fed
eral Reserve Board, authorized by the
new currency law. Is appointed and or
ganized, Senatora Chamberlain and
Lane will appear and urge the location
of a regional bank at Portland. Until
the personnel of the Board Is known
they believe little can be done to se
cure recognition for any city, as the
location of regional banks is left en
tirely in the hands of this Board and
la not determined by the Treasury De
partment or the President.
It is conceded that one regional bank
will tn Ran Francisco, and if Only
eight banks are established there will
h no nth.i- rational bank on the Fa-
clflo Coast. If the Board, in exercis
ing its discretionary power, decides to
establish 12 banks, there is a strong
probability a second bank will be locat
A on the Pacific Coast and that bank
will go either to Portland or to Seat
Oregon Senators believe they will be
able to show that Portland has many
advantages over Seattle; that it is cen
trally located as regards Oregon. Wash
ington. Idaho and Montana, and more
readily accessible to that entire tribu
tary territory than is Seattle; that it Is
a mora important financial center even
now, and they also feel the Administra
tion annnortera ahould receive more
consideration from the Administration
than shoujd one Republican and one
Progressive Senator from Washington.
Already, however. Seattle has p-t In
a bid for a regional bank, and Tacoma
has Joined hands to secure this bank
PRESIDENT OFF FOR SOUTH
Wilson Eludes Crowd by Going to
Car Hour Ahead ot Time.
wKivfiTOV. Dec 23. President
Wilson with Mrs. Wilson, their two
daughters. Misses Margaret ana Elea
nor. Miss Helen Woodrow Bones and
Dr. Cary Grayson. Naval aide, left
Washington tonight at 10:45 o'clock
for Pass Christian, Miss., to pass
Th. Tririent eluded the crowd wnlcn
..ik.r.H at the station to see him de
part by going to his private car an
hour before the time scheduled for Its
departure. He will return to Washing
ton In time for the diplomatic recep
tion January 13-
corotai-v Tumultv did not accompany
the party. He will remain at the White
House during the holidays and keep in
touch with the President Dy tetegrapn.
STOVE SETS DRESS AFIRE
Woman Burned While Placing Baby
in Crib After Bath.
COTTAGE GROVE. Or.. Dec. 13.
snriai.) Placing her baby in its crib
after Its morning bath. Mrs. Roy Smith.
r Tirana, brushed so closely against
a red-hot stove that her dress became
Ignited and she was severely burned.
Mr. smith did not know of her dan
ger until her burning clothea were dis
covered by her young nephew a lew
n.i.ir..ni. after she had placed the baby
In its crib. The fire was extinguished
by Mrs. Smith's sister-in-law. airs. a.
U Smith, after considerable difficulty.
Mrs. Smith was burned from her snoui
ders to her feet.
Her recovery Is expected. Mr. and
Mrs. Smith had lived In Lorane only a
JANITOR DECISION TODAY
Russell Chamberlain Will Learn
Th Muncinal Civil Service Commis
sion, at a meeting at the City Hall this
afternoon at 5 o'clock, will render a de
cision in the case of Russell Chamber
lain, the Janitor at the City Hall who
was discharged December 1 by Com
missioner Brewster on a charge of old
age and Inefficiency.
. th. harlnflr arranted Mr. Chamber
lain last week the Commission secured
a transcript of the testimony or wit
nesses, which in every case but one
was in favor of Mr. Chamberlain. After
the hearing the Commission took the
case under advisement until today.
NOISY WHEELS MUZZLED
New VoW Streetcars Must Apply Oil
to Stop Hackct.
NEW TORK. Dec 23. A Christmas
gift to the noise-racked people of the
city was made by the Fubltc Service
Commission today In a notice to all
the local car companies to equip their
brake shoes with a lubricant device to
avoid "screeching" of the wheels.
By March 1. 1915. cars throughout
the great city must have the device at
tached. QUARREL OVER GIFT FATAL
Double Tragedy Ends TIcfusal of
Wife to Accept Christmas Present.
BALTIMORE. Md., Dec 13. Walter
Grimes. 3 years old, shot and prob
ably fatally wounded his wife. Edith.
St years old. and then committed sui
cide at their home tonight.
The tragedy was the outcome of Mrs.
Grimes refusal of her husband's prof
ferred Christmas gift of a gold watch
and chain after they had quarreled. x
R P TSTn S M
Move to Appease Eng.
land Is Evident
TWO YEARS' TEST DESIRED
Resolution Apparently Not Dis
approved by Administration.
ADAMSON LEADS ACTION
Question Xow Put Vp to House on
Suspension of Clause in Panama
Canal Act Recalls Dropping
of Bryce's Negotiations.
WASHINGTON. Dec 23. A Joint
resolution to suspend conditionally the
operation of the provision of the
Panama Canal act, granting free pas
sage to American coast-wise vessels,
was introduced today by Chairman
Adamson. of Georgia, of the House
The suspension would be subject to
the following conditions:
"At any time aftor the Panama
Canal shall have been opened and suc
cessfully operated for two yaarB, If
in the Judgment of the President the
revenues derived from tolls of vessels
other than those engaged in the coast
wise trade of the United States shall
be sufficient to defray the cost of
maintaining and repairing the canal
and the expense of Government and
sanitation of the Canal Zone, and all
diplomatic Questions touching the
treatment of vessels as to conditions
or charges of traffic at the canal
shall have been adjusted, then the
President Is authorized to Issue an
executive order declaring such ex
pended exemption of ful force and
Administration Not Spoasor.
Representative Adamson Introduced
the resolution on his own responsibil
ity, and it will not go before Con
gress as an Administration measure.
It was said in high official circles,
however, that the silence of the; Ad
ministration did not mean that the
proposed step was disapproved. Any
declaration of policy on the subject
of canal tolls has been avoided since
President Wilson assumed office last
When Ambassador Bryce left Wash
ington in April. It was generally un
derstood that he had secured some
sort of assurance that no effort would
Concluded on Page 2.)
t I I T I . SSSSSSSS1SSSS11ITT--- ..,..................
, SANTA CLATJI j
X ' : ' I
...- e --; -- .- Miming
S&iC OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTERDAT S Maximum temperature, iO
decrees; minimum, 35 degrees.
TODAY'S Probably fair; easterly winds.
Old money system of Nation passes. Page 1.
Oregon Senators prepare to urge Portland
as regional bank location. Page 1.
Move to put tolls on American vessels oper
ating in canal comes up in House. Pago-i.
Mrs. Toung voted back as superintendent ot
Chicago schools. Page 1.
Principals In los Anrelcs tfagedy of promi
nent families. Page
Highwayman who held up Sunset express
and killed James Montagus cuuglit, is
belief. Page 3.
Northwestern schedule adopted after bitter
wrangles. Page 7.
Weather promises great sport for river
swimmers today. Page 6.
8t. James handicapped 10 pounds in
Christmas game. Page 7.
McGraw aa benefactor revealed by Matty.
Asahel Bush, pioneer and millionaire banker,
dies at Salem. Page 3.
Heavy deficiencies to be created under 8-
hour law, which affects state Institutions.
Paul Iioman. son of president of Willamette
I'nlvenlty. wins Rhodes scholarsnlp.
Judge Gallowav defies criticism in uphold
ing Harrlsburg "wets' " contention.
Grand Jury called to investigate Vancouver
municipal primary. Page 0.
Commercial and Marine.
Record pack of salmon on Pacific Coast.
Widening of snow area causes weakness in
wheat at. Chicago. Pago 17.
Pause In stock advance due to sales to
realize profits. Page 17.
Steamer Beaver hit by big swell; no passen
gers Injured. Page 13.
Portland and Vicinity.
Oregon branch of Motion-Picture League
elects officers. Page 11.
Chilled O.-W. R. & N. passengers protest
to Pailroad Commission. Page 18.
Twelve "restaurant rushers" are sentenced
to jail. Page 18.
City Health Officer recommends Increasing
bureau's efficiency. Page 18.
Lincoln High students give big Christmas
party. Page 10.
Christmas spirit manifest in Portland un
. equalled. Page 10.
HIGH TIDE WRECKS STAGE
Express lost and Horse Killed on
Route to Valdport.
NEWPORT, Or.. Dec 23. (Special.)
The second unusual high tide this Win
ter brought the Becond accident to
Howard Peterson, driver of the Wald-port-Newport
stage line, when it over
turned the stage yesterday, losing some
of the express and two sacks of mail.
The mall sacks were recovered today.
One of the horses in the team was
so badly Injured that it was shot. The
other, "Old Methuselah," 33 years old
and veteran of many strenuous experi
ences, escaped uninjured and. with a
fresh horse completed, the Journey.
Xorth Plains Service Denied.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 23. Senator
Chamberlain has been advised by the
Postoffice Department that the United
Railways Company refuses to furnish
mall service for North Plains under the
regulations presented by the depart
ment, and further efforts will be mads
to have the company perform the de
IS. YOUNG VOTED
BACK INTO OFFICE
Chicago School Board
ACRIMONIOUS SESSION HELD
Members Let Out by Mayor
Bitterly Denounce Woman.
STRIFE WILL GO TO COURT
Seven at Meeting Refuse to Vote,
While 13 Favor Re-election of
Superintendent "Liar," "Out
rage," "Injustice" Shouted.
CHICAGO, Dec. 23. Mrs. Ella Flagg
Young was voted back into the super
Intendency of the Chicago public
schools today after a stormy session
of the Board of Education. Seven mem
bers refused to vote, on the ground
that the board had no power to recon
sider the election of John D. Shoop, as
sistant superintendent under Mrs.
Young, who had been elected her suc
cessor. Contention was also made that
the four new members of the board
named by Mayor Harrison to replace
four whose resignations had been en
forced, were not entitled to their seats.
The action of the board in removing
Shoop and replacing Mrs. Young at
once will be challenged In court, it was
announced by the opposition.
Women Besiege Mayor.
Mrs. Young's failure to be re-elected
two weeks ago by the School Board
roused a storm of popular Indignation.
Mass meetings were held and the
School Board and the Mayor's office
were besieged by delegations which
demanded that Shoop resign and make
way for Mrs. Young to return.
Mayor Harrison declared that mem
bers of the School -Board appointed by
him had voted against Mrs. Young In
an "underhand" way. He summarily
accepted the resignations of four whose
resignations had been placed in his
hands when they took office.
. The Jour were In. their - seats bef ore
the meeting convened and refused to
Ousted One Blames Mayor.
"The Mayor has been carried away
because a number of delegations of
women visited his office," shouted
Trustee Harding, one of those whose
resignations had been accepted by the
Mayor, but who took the floor and de-
(Ooncluded on Pago 3.)
PAUL HOMAN WINS
RHODES CONTEST GOES TO WIL
liAMETTE "C" BOY.
With Scholastic Average Hijh Son of
President of Salem School Gets
WILLAMETTE UNIVERSITY. Salem,
Or, Dec 23. (Special.) There is great
rejoicing among the friends of Willam
ette University because of the fact that
Paul T. Homan, son of President Ho
man, was chosen unanimously this aft
ernoon by the Rhodes scholarship selec
tion committee as the next Oregon
Rhodes scholar to Oxford University,
Mr. Homan has shown that he is a
talented man with brains. He like
wise is one of the greatest athletes in
the Northwest, a leader among 'his
fellows, and a man of clean, whole
some, upright life. His scholastic av
erage is high.
The other elements entering into the
choosing of a Rhodes scholar are ath
letic ability, general manliness, cour
age, devotion to duty and powers of
President Homan's son was quarter
back in the football game this Fall,
where his generalship brought about
for the first time the defeat of the
University of Oregon by the Willamette
Mr. Homan is one of the most popular
men in the university.
The committee of selection was Pres
ident Campbell, University of Oregon;
President Crook, Albany College; Pres
ident Bushnell, Pacific University;
President Riley, McMinnville College,
and President Homan.
The other competing men were Luton
Ackerson and Raphael Gelsler, of the
University of Oregonfi and Seth Axley,
of Willamette University.
Homan is the seconfl man to g3 from
Willamette University to Oxford, as
Edwin Winans was sent from this in
stitution in 1907. The latter is now
teaching in Pekin University, China.
Mr. Homan has not fully decided what
be will follow after he finishes at Ox
ford. WOMEN ASPIRE TO JURY
Advice on Procedure Asked, but Law
Permit Men Only.
Women of Oregon are eager to have
a try at Jury service, and yesterday a
representative of a woman's organiza
tion came to the Courthouse and asked
what steps must be taken to have their
names incorporated on the 1914 Jury
The"Vrsitor was ef erred 'to Deputy
Countv Clerk Mahaffev. who advised
her that, although the law has granted
the right of suffrage to the women oi
the state, the law requires that Jurors
must be male citizens.
"Until this statute is corrected," Mr.
Mahaffey said, "it will not be lawful
to put the name of any woman on the
Jury list, but the matter will be called
to the attention of the next Legisla
ture." 250,000 LETTERS FOR CITY
One Train Floods Postoffice With
Seven packed pouches of first-class
mall were received at the Portland
postoffice last night from No. 8. the
O.-W. It. & N. train which was due at
7 o'clock yesterday morning.
Approximately 250,000 letters and
postcards came in the seven pouches,
which was the heaviest first-class mail
ever received In Portland on one train.
Nearly all of this mall was "un
worked." the crew of mall clerks who
brought it to Portland from Pocatello
being kept busy with the heavy local
mails to Portland.
Postmaster Myers kept a full crew of
clerks at work all last night both at
the main office and at the mailing di
vision at Fifth and Gllsan streets.
DOCTORS SWEEP STREETS
Preachers, Lawyers and Merchants
Also Become Strikebreakers.
LEEDS, England, Dec. 23. Sixty
prominent professional and business
mon Fnmnrlslner doctors, lawyers,
clergymen and merchants, acted- as
streetsweepers here today and gave a
nHntiig riomnnRtrailon of the deter
mination of the citizens of Leeds not
to yield to the , employes or tne
mimtflnal Bt.rVUP W ll (1 RTft On Strike
because the city would not grant their
The streets had not been swept nor
the garbage cans emptied for 10 days.
STEER CHARGES SHOPPERS
Animal Escapes From Car and Sends
Women Shrieking: Into Store.
KANSAS CITY. Mo., Dec. 23. A steer
broke out of a car in the railway yards
in Argentine, a Kansas City, Kan,
suburb today, and charged, the Christ
mas shoppers on the principal streets.
Women shrieked and ran into the
The steer finally was roped and re
turned to the stockyards.
WHAT'S USE OF DREAMING?
Man Reaches Out to Get Million in
Vision, and Breaks Leg.
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 22. Dozing by
the fire today, Joe Rose dreamed that
Santa Claus had brought him a Christ
mas present of 1,000,000.
He reached out to grasp the imag
inary gold, the chair slipped and, fall
ing to the floor, he broke a leg.
VON KLEIN GUILTY,
IRON NERVE FAILS
Bigamy Charge Holds
. on Third Trial.
DOCTORS REVIVE PRISONER
Sentence Will Be Passed Fri
NEW TRIAL TIME 15 DAYS
Accusation of Living Polvgainonsly
With Mrs. Ethel Xewcomb Proves
Undoing After Clerk Reads.
' Jury's Verdict, "Guilty."
After wearing a smile of confidence
almost continuously since his arrest
last Spring, the apparent iron nerve ot
E. E. C. Von Klein, the bigamist and
accused Jewel swindler, broke yester
day, when a verdict of guilty was re
turned by the Jury which has tried him
on the charge of living polygamously
with Miss Ethel Newcomb.' A few min
utes after the verdict was read by
Clerk Sauvie, Von Klein broke down,
and it was 30 minutes before he had
recovered sufficiently to be taken back
to the County Jail On the seventh floor
of the Courthouse.
After consultation with Attorney
Hume, Judge Kavanaiigh, before whom
the trial was held, announced that sen
tence will be passed on Von Klein Fri
day morning at 10 o'clock, and 15 days
will be allowed in which to flic a mo
tion for a new trial. The penalty for
bigamy is from one to four years' Im
prisonment in the penitentiary, or a
term of from six months to one year in
the county Jail or a fine of from $300
Before Von Klein recovered Dr. CUft
and Dr. Slocum were called and an in
jection of nltro-glycerlne had been ad
ministered to the prisoner. Even then
it was 15 minutes before he was suf
i...ently strong to be taken from the
courtroom by Deputy Sheriffs Pratt
and Rogers. -v. .
. A'e-rvonaneaa -Not Showa-at Firt '
When brought into court shortly
after 5 o'clock to hear the verdict of
the Jury which had heard his case, the
prisoner showed not the slightest sign
of nervousness. When Judge Kava
naugh cama Into the courtroom and
asked the Jurymen if they had reached
a verdict, Von Klein asked that pro
ceedings be halted until his attorney
arrived. He was unshaken when the
verdict of guilty was read.
It was a few minutes after the ver
dict had been read, while Attorney
Hume was asking that the time Of sen
tence be postponed, that Von Klei, sit
ting in a chair near his attorney, threw
up his hands as though he were
stretching himself, and fell over back
wards, his head striking solidly on the
First it was thought that he had
fallen backwards by losing his balance,
but in a moment it was seen that he
had fainted, and he was spread on
the floor. When he failed to recover
after his head and face had been
bathed with cold water, and his cloth
ing loosened. Judge Kavanaugh called
the physicians. After a hurried exam
ination had been made they announced
that Von Klein was suffering with hys
teria, as a result of the strain he has
undergone, and aggravated by the
hard blow on the back of his head.
Poison Theory Broached.
Just a few minutes before the ver
dict was read, the prisoner walked
to the waterstand. In the courtroom,
and took a drink of water. Some wero
inclined to the belief that Von Klein
had taken some poison when he drank
the water. The physicians denied this
The trial which ended yesterday in
the conviction of Von Klein is the
third he has gone through in this
county, a mistrial having resulted at
(Concluded on Page 13.)
Prosperity of Rural
The year just closing has
been a period of progress for
the rural districts of Oregon
as well as for the cities.. Along
just what lines this progress has
been made will be related in
The Oregonian Annual. Articles
on the leading agricultural in
dustries will be printed, and a
brief summary of conditions in
each Oregon county will include
statistical information about the
ruld of grains, fruits and other
A series of brief articles by
Oregon fanners will a!sj be of
interest. These men will tell
from their own experience how
'to succeed on a farm in this
state. This department will be'
of especial value- for circula
tion among farmers in other
states who may have their eyes
The Annual will be issued
January 1. An order blank is
printed elsewhere in The Ore