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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TIIE MORXIXG OREGOXIAX, TUESDAY. DECEMBER 23, 1913.
i ii i i m.i iiiiii.iiiii i ""'" - :t - i n i ii i :
I LnUNLIIU UUIIUIULM
PHOBLEffl 111 STATE
Churchill, at Salem Meeting
. Suggests Department to
$50,000 FUND REQUIRED
Acker Advocates Centralization of
Association Campbell Says
Essentials of Christianity
Should Be Taught.
SALEM, Or , Deo. 12. (Special.) Ad
dresses by P. L, Camobell. president of
tii University of Oregon, and J. H.
Ackerman. president of the Monmouth
Normal School, and the presentation of
a schema for the Improvement of the
rural schools, by J. A. Churchill. State
Superintendent of. Public Instruction,
were features of the first session of the
. 13th annual meeting- of the West
ern division of the Oregon State Teach
ers' Association, which convened here
today. Teachers and persons interested
in education from all parts of the state
were present, and it was the consensus
of opinion that the convention likely
- will be the most Important held by the
teachers of the state.
The teachers were the guests tonight
of the Commercial Club. Among the
features of the sessions tomorrow will
be addresses by M. V. O'Shea. professor
of education at the University of Wis
consin: William T. Foster, president of
Keed College, and W. J. Kerr, president
of Oregon Agricultural College.
Mr. Ackerman urged the association
.not to try to do too many thtngs at
once, but to do a few Important things
right. Mr. Campbell characterised - the
condition under which the educational
force is operating In this country as a
-Christian democracy" and said the
opportunity was greater than ever be
fore for great results.
State Department I rged.
lir. Churchill said that he favored
closer supervision of the rural scbooU,
and suggested the creation of a state
department composed of experts sub
ject to the call of the county superin
tendents. They would in a measure
teach the teachers, where it was neces
sary, and see that all the schools were
conducted so as to obtain the highest
efficiency. Mr. Churchill urged that
. the Legislature be asked to provide
' I'.O.OuO annually for the department.
H said expert supervisors should be
elected to go to rural schools at the
call of the county superintendents. The
supervisors must be selected because
of fitness and not through political or
friendly affiliations, he said. They
would supervise the work of teachers,
direct the social center work, the-par-rnt-teacber
meetings. Industrial clubs,
The superintendent. In explaining the
Trork of his department, said it was
attempting to establish parent-teacher
associations throughout the state. He
said it also was trying to establish in
dustrial clubs In all rural districts,
which will have the co-operntlon of
the extension department of the Ore
gon Agricultural College and . the De
partment of Agriculture in Washing
ton, D. C. Various lines of industrial
activity were mentioned, such as the
baking of bread, agriculture, horticul
ture, livestock-raising, etc.. the best
children's industrial exhibits at thj
.county fairs to be shown at the state
Mr. Churchill said a part of the plan
was ,to send the winners of prizes to
Washington, 1. C. as an incentive
for them to do their best work. Trie
primary motive, however, he asserted,
was to stimulate Interest in industrial
activities throughout the state.
Ackerman I'rgea Centrallsntlon.
President Ackerman outlined what
' ould be. in his opinion, the great
work of the association for the future,
lie expressed the opinion that In all
probability the future policy of the
association would not depend upon its
numerical strength, but upon the at
tendance of the leaders of the state at
aa annual conference. He said that
at such meetings the educational poli
ties in the state, as outlined by the
State Superintendent, could be dis-
cussed more definitely and at greater
length than they possibly could by an
association composed of several hun
dred teachers. He said he believed
that the recommendations of such a
conference would he of great value to !
t::e state at large, and especially to
guide the ensuing Legislature In legis
lating on school meetings.
tie recommended that educational
questions should be presented one year
irt advance, and that committees be
anpolnted to Investigate such ques
tions, gather statistics and present re
rorts to the following session of the
acciation. This committee should tie
appointed one year in advance, and
perhaps some funds given it for the in-
He cautioned the teachers to be care
ful not to overload the courses of study
to the detriment of the three R"s. He
said that In all probability the greatest
problem Is the rural school, but that
the rural school had its limits, and
care should be taken not to overload
the teacher who has to. teach all the
grades to the extent that he become
Education for Life. Slogan.
- Mr. Campbefl said in substance:
- -Education for life" has become a
slogan In education, in these latter
uaya of prosperity. If the meaning of
lrte is made comprehensive enough,
and may include its moral and
aesthetic values, as well as its ma
terialistic ones, this slogan will be
productive of much good. Clearly
enough, high effectiveness in produc
tion is essential, but no less certainly
education must also busy itself with
conditions of social life, of govern
ment, and of ethical-working theory
thai! our pleasures be "those cf the
senses, or those of the Intellect? This
Is a problem of vast importance In
the face of the Incomlnsr tide of Im
migration which Is soon to set In from
Europe to the Pacific Coast.
"Kducatlon must . certainly give high
efficiency In production, but it must
no less certainly help to produce con
ditions of society and of Government
which render production safe and
easy. Educution must fix In the mind
v of every American boy and girl the
supreme generalization ef history that
self-government is the only ultimately
safe government. It must ground in
the very hearts of our people the
fundamental belief In the essential
equality of all the people, not only as
to rights, but also as to endowment.
The fundamental principles of Chris
tianity should also be made an essen
tial part of all American education."
REVISED BILL IS PASSED
,Cortinitl v.-m F1r?t Par. ;
He conKralttlHtPd tbo House and Senate
and the banking; and currency com
mitter on aceompllshing a result that
many congresses and lynny committees
bave attempted In years and failed."
Mr. L'mlt-rwood referred to the tulk
of a money trust and said that one of
the great reforms under the diu is tne
taking of the reserves out of tne re
serve centers and scattering them
throush the regional reserve banks
under ar'overnmental supervision. He
said he had a firm conviction that the
great banking interests would accept
the hill and that it would he a boon
1 1. th. neortle.
Minority -Leader Mann closed the
debate for the Republcans. declaring
that Democratic control of nine raonina
duration -had cast its malign influence
over two a-reat countries.
Mexico.- he said, "lies prostrate.
bleeding and America lies prostrate. Its
men out of employment ana iia
As a remedy for this, he said, the
Democrats proposed to inflate the cur-
I . . ' ll.l.J l . wn.ll PA
fxency ana ne prwiicim " -
turn to the House an unviea re
publican majority next November."
Vete Annomneement t kcerea. "
Prolonged and uproarious cheera from
the Democrats greeted the announce
ment of the vote by Speaker tiara ana
nun. members of the House hastened
over to the Senate 'to see the report
received there. Earlier In tne evening
the Senate had agred to vote not later
than 1:30 o'clock tomorrow anernoon
and the leaders regarded it as certain
that the completed bill would be In the
hands of President Wilson for his
signature before tomorrow night.
On the final vote 34 Republicans. 11
Progressives and one Independent.
Kent, of California, voted with the ma
jority for the report and two Demo
crats. Calloway of Texas and Wither
snoon of Mississippi Joined the opposi
tion. The vote followed a debate of
nearlv three hours, during which the
E-alleriea remained crowded with fPc
tators. Including many prominent
figures In official life. The House ad
journed until 2:30 P. M. tomorrow,
when the leaders hope to put through
a Joint resolution for a recess until
Vote Is Tabulated.
Republicans, who voted for the re
Barton. Burke (S. D.. Cooper. Cram
ton. Curry. Davis. Dillon. Esch. Farr.
Krear. Haugen. Helgeson. Kelly (Mich.l,
Keiss. Kinkaid l-N'eb.). Lafoliette, Len
root, Lindquist, Miller. Moss (W. a.),
Nelxon. Nolan. Norton. Sinnott. Sloan.
J. M. C. Smith (Mich.), Samuel Smith
(Mich.). Smith (Minn.). Stafford. Ste
vens (Minn.). Sutherland. Treadway.
Young (N. D), Minahan. Mapea, Steph
ens (Cal.). Woodruff.
Progressives who voted for the re-
PBELL (Cal.), Bryan' (Wash.), Chand
ler. Falconer, Hullngs, Kelly (Penn.),
Lafferty, Murdock. Temple, MacDon
ald. Thompson (Ilia). Rupely 12.
After the announcement of the vote
a Joint resolution proposed by Major
ity Leader Underwood, that the house
recess upon adjournment tomorrow un
til January 12. was adopted.- It will
be taken up in the Senate tomorrow.
Senator Owen announced that a sep
arate bill to provide for guaranty of
bank deposits would be considered in
the near future. This had been inti
mated in debate by Chairman Glass, of
th House banking committee.
TYPHOID DEATHS NINE
ANOTIIEIt DIES IX CESTRALIA AND
MORE BECOME ILL,
State Health Officer Advlaea Merchant
Not to Snppreas News, and Bays
Disease la Not Contagions.
CENTRALIA. Dec. 22. (Specials
Mrs. William S. Newburn died from ty
phoid fever last night. Her death was
the ninth as a result of the epidemic.
Mrs. Newburn was -the wife of a clerk
in the Centralia postofflce. Seventeen
new cases were reported Saturday and
2 more yesterday, making the total
number of cases during the epidemic
more than 270. ,
Dr. Eugene Kelly. State Health Offi
cer, returned to Seattle tonight for a
few days, his place here, being taken
by Dr. Wilbur, a state bacteriologist.
Dr. Shaw, an interne of the Seattle
Emergency Hospital, who has had
charge of the, Armory Hospital here
since It was opened a week ago. also
returned to Seattle, at the demand of
the Seattle Commissioners, on whose
payroll he Is. His place will be taken
by a National Guard physician, who
will be sent here at the command of
Adjutant-General Llewellyn, who of
fered to send down the entire hospital
corps of the state militia If necessary.
Mrs. H. C Camp, wife of a prominent
local attorney, who volunteered her
services as head nurse at the Armory,
collapsed from overwork yesterday, and
Miss 1- E. Jones, a Seattle nurse, was
appointed to help her out. There are
34 cases of a serious nature at the Ar
morv, and both Dr. Ehaw and 'Mrs.
Camp have worked untiringly. Not a
single death has occurred at the Ar-
" Atthe noon luncheon of the Commer
cial Club today Dr. Kelly spoke to the
business men on the lnadvisability of
suppressing news of the progress of
the epidemic. Many of the business
men have complained that the city has
been given a bad name and that they
are losing thousands of dollars In
Christmas buslenss through outsiders
fearing to come into Centraila to shop.
Dr Kellv asserted that there is no fear
of 'contagion from the disease and. as
every patient is being accorded the best
care possible, there Is no reason why
the city should be censured.,
WEST'S ORDER NOT OBEYED
Continued From First ps;.
ness themselves, and now Mr. Kneze
vlch is seeking to square the account."
"A short time ago Knexevlch's saloon
was burned, by 'whom he could not find
out. He asked me to Investigate, and
. j : .i w a muni) there was no evi
dence. ThsTi the city authorities there
proceeded against Knezevlch and ne
was forced out of the saloon business.
He lost a fight In the courts and has
turned to the Governor, although I do
not know that hia name is on the peti
tion. "Some information relative to sale of
liquors to minors has been given to me
by a Mrs. J. J. Burns, of Copperfield.
All this I have in the grand Jury book,
but it is not real evidence, as the law
views evidence, for it needs substan
tiation. Additional evidence, evidence
which will make a case, has been prom
ised to me by Mrs. Burns, and as soon
as this is sent in I shall certainly pro
ceed to place the facts before tne errand
Sheriff Expresses Surprise.
Sheriff Rand was Inclined to treat
the communication from Governor
West humorously. The move took him
by surprise and he called on District
Attorney Godwin et once and asked
what he could do. He was informed
that there was no law under which he
could act. so he telegraphed the Gov
ernor for information, and asked Mr.
West to cite the law. He said that it
might be well for Mr. West to send the
militia M Copperfield if he wished to
do. the saloons, but said he did not
eee how the Governor could legally di-
rect the Sheriff's office to do some-
tMn "at the IaW would r'ot P""" "
-Mr. Hand declared that there were
not 55 bona fide families in Copper
field and he was Inclined to doubt the
authenticity of the petitions to tne
Governor, especially since the town is
divided rnto factions, which he believes
would make it impossible to get that
many signatures to a petition.
nnrvru iirnni nrril i: : -II
Federal Commission Investi
gating Portland Methods.
STANDARDIZATION IS PLAN
Experts ow Visiting rtnportant Of
fices to Condemn or Commend
Operation and Model Of flees -Will
Be Equipped Later.
Watching the efforts of Postmaster
Myers and his assistants to get
through the first "parcel post" holiday
season without being' swamped and
helping occasionally with suggestions
Js a special commission sent out by
Postmaster-General Burleaon and com
posed of the following postal experts:
E. T. Bushncll and E. T. Frazler, spe
cial agents: R. C. Knox. W. F. Martin
and C. M. Perkins, inspectors.
The presence of the commission In
Portland is In the furtherance of Mr.
Burleson's plan to make the postofflce
service more efficient and so far as
local conditions will permit to stand
ardize it the country over.
Immediately upon assuming His du
ties Mr. Burleson began, the study of
plans looking to a greater uniformity
in methods and practices In the post
offices of the country in the belief that
such standardization of service would
result in greater efficiency.
. General Inspection Ordered.
In line with this conviction, one of
tne best exnert postal officials was
detailed last May to the field for the
purpose of discovering tne most eirec
tive way of organizing, standardizing
and advancing the service, visiting
first the offices where the service
seemed to be efficient and passing on
to offices where the service was In
The experience of this postal expert
has been supplemented by suggestions
which have been generally sought from
postmasters throughout the country.
and now, with a view to giving greater
scope and effectiveness to the plan or
the Postmaster-General to standardize
the service, it has been decided to or
ganize, equip and operate a number of
model offices and use these as dynamos
from which to charge the entire chain
and system of offices throughout the
It will be the effort at these Initial
points to discover the best praccicable
way of administering the postal fa
cilities for that and other communities.
as well as to test out devices and
methods which may be found of value.
Three Divisions Made.
In organizing the field service for
this work the country has been divided
into three groups, the Atlantic States,
the Middle West group and the Pa
cific group of states. The plan, which
has now reached Portland In its opera
tion, is to dispatch two officials, of
the bureau of the First Assistant
Postmaster" General to each of these
divisions, where they will co-operate
with regular- postofflce Inspectors In.
a study of present conditions, witn a
view to reorganizing the clerical
forces on a more efficient basis should
it be found advisable, and as far as
possible unifying the methods em
The reports of these special rieia
agents will be analyzed In the depart
ment and the best plan of organiza
tion and the most effective methods
of transacting the postal business will
be evolved and brought to the atten
tion of all postmasters by bulletins.
These Investigations win cover
every phase of the postal service In
cluding the collection of mail, the
methods of handling in postoffices. its
dispatch by trains and its final deliv
ery to the addressee.
In this way postmasters or all
classes will be given the benefit of
the discoveries at the more important
TIDAL WAVE HITS BEACH
fjontlnoed PTotn First Page.)
about 10 o'clock last night, after being
held about eight hours back of the
damaged section of track. By mak
ing repairs here and building tem
porary tracks there a way was opened
for trains to pass. Traffic in both
directions then was restored. A large
force of men now is at work making
W. D. Torrey, of Bailey tb Torrey,
linotype operators, was a passenger on
Saved by One Minute.
He describes the wreckage caused by
tide as picturesque. The monetary loss,
excepting to the railroad, will not be
great. Some people will be incon-
enienced for a while, until they get
their building foundations repaired.
"It was lucky for us," said Torrey
last night, "that the train was not a
minute earlier, or that the wave did
not come up a minute later. A min
ute's difference and we would have
been right in the path of the deluge.
Maybe the weight of the t.-ain would
have held the track in place, but I
should have hated to have been on
Tides along the Tillamook coast have
been abnormally high for more than a
week, said Mr. Torrey. Some slight
damage has been done, - but nothing
The railroad at Saltair runs near the
beach, but nearly half a mile from the
edge of the water at ordinary tide.
On this occasion, however, the
watery wail seemed to be three or four
None of the passengers saw the de
structive wave. The engineer and other
members of the train crew saw it.
The tide was running in at the time.
No repairs could be made until after
it started to recede.
DIPLOMAT'S WIDOW HELD
Mrs. Sheridan Bitt Read Accused of
Obtaining Money jfnlaely.
LONDON, Dec. 22. Mrs. Sheridan
Bitt Read, of New York, widow of a
former American Consul at Tientsin,
China, was charged today at' Bow
Street 'Police Court with obtaining
credit from a London hotel on false
oretenses. The amount involved was
The Magistrate ordered the defendant
remanded for a week and admitted her
to bail on a surety of 3250.
j Earthquake Is Reported
NEWPORT. Or., Deo. 22. (Special.)
Til. rhattArtnn. Slirfmnn on w.tch at
the life-saving lookout at 4 o'clock this I
morning, reports that an earthquake!
took place at that hour. An electrical !
thunder storm occurred at "the same
time and many believe this confused I
Forced to Raise
386 Washington Street,
Open From 9 A. M. Till 9:30 P.
DEATH BARES SECRET
UIDDEX BOOM I3T DEAD LAWYER'S
OFFICES AFFIKITY'S ABODE.
Wife of Ex-District Attorney, Who Died
of Raptured Blood Vessel, Learns
When She Comes to AM.
KrycTir7?i .1 r K. T Deo. 22. The
death of Melvin H. Couch, prominent
lawyer and ex-Ilstrlci Attorney 01 oui
livan County, revealed today that, un
known to his family and. friends and
to his clients, a woman had lived for
three years in a secret room connect
ing with his law office. Couch was
found yesterday lying dead on his
office lounge. Death was due to rup
ture of a blooa vessel.
In the next room crouched a fright
ened woman who admitted the had
seen him die, but she insitsed he was
not responsible for his d-iath. She said
she was Adelaide M. Brace, of Goshen,
N. Y. The secret room had been her
only home during the three years.
Couch was 65 years old. J he woman
Is 40. Her hair had begun to turn
gray. She was poorly dressed and the
room where she lived was furnijlied
with an old cook stove, a table, an iron
bed and two chairs. She said she had
lived there voluntarily and had never
gone, out in the day time. At rare in
tervals she went for a walk at night.
The woman was held on a technical
charge, but the Coroner's verdict as to
the cause of Couch's death supported
her assertion that she was not respon
sible. The attorney, she said, died of
A Homelike Christmas Dinner
at The Hazelwood
A Few of the Many Good Things:
Eoast Oregon Turkey with Cranberry Sauce
Oregon China Pheasant, Roasted or Fried,
New England Plum Pudding -
Hazelwood Fruit Cake , -
Fresh Strawberries and Cream .
'jp you do not .contemplate eating Christmas dinner
JL at home, j-ou will naturally prefer to dine where
the spirit of Christmas prevails to the greatest degree.
All the natural conditions and special preparations at
the" Hazelwood combine to furnish such an atmosphere.
The dinner will be Worthy of the great holiday the
service will be above criticism the music will be of an
appropriate nature. Personal attention will be given
to each guest. j
Yon can have a table reserved if yon like;
but come anyhow seating capacity 400.
. Confectionery and Restaurant.
Washington at Tenth.
2 More Days of the
In Portland's History!
Whether you purchase for gifts or your own use, here's the opportunity that
Portland people will never have again a chance to buy Diamonds (constantly
'increasing in value), high-grade Watches, Sheffield Silver, famous ''Hawkey
"Eggrngton" Cut Glass, Solid Gold Jewelry, etc., etc. and every article in this
high-grade stock at absolutely the lowest prices ever known!
We never hope to have to sacrifice our profits again, as we have this year.
But we cheerfully did it to save this store that for 52 j'ears has stood for in
tegrity and reliability in the jewelryv business of Portland.
The Great Henrichsen Stock of Diamonds, Jewelry,
Watches, Cut Glass, Silver, Toilet Ware, Etc., Etc., All Goes
C.. HENRICHSEN CO.
a ruptured blood vessel Sunday morn.
Miss Brace said she first mat Couch
three years ago when she called a, his
office to sell books. Couch's wife first
learned of her husband's death brought
word of his unexpected death brought
her to the office where he lay dead.
Newport Folk Give Play.
NEWPORT, Or.. Dec 22. (Special.)
The Newport Dramatic Association,
under the direction of C. Jeffries
Emery, presented "His English Secre
tary" Friday and Saturday nights.
Those in the cast were: C Jeffries
Emery, William Emery, Dr. and Mrs.
W. M. Berry. A. H. Averill, Mrs. Harry
Divalbiss. Mrs. Lester Martin and W.
Troops to Drill at Panama Fair.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 22. The ten
tative acceptance by 16 foreign nations
of the invitation extended by the War
Department for troops to participate in
of Six 75f
Bet. West Park and Tenth
M. Each Night Before Christmas
the international encampment at the
Panama-Pacific Exposition was offi
cially announced today to Major-General
Arthur Murray, U. S. A., command
ing the Western Department.
Lobby Inquiry Report, Deferred. .
WASHINGTON, Dec 22. The House
judiciary sub-committee, to which was
referred the report of the lobby in-
See that there's a Vietrola in your home when Christmas
morning rolls around, and you'll have splendid entertain
ment for yourself and for your friends when they drop in.
Delightful vocal and instrumental numbers that every
one will enjoy listening to, and dance music galore.
The Vietrola will be your musician and play all the latest
Tangos, Turkey Trots, Boston One-Step Waltz, the Hesita
tion Waltz or any other dance,
Come in and hear some of the newest turkey trots and
tangos get" acquainted with this wonderful instrument.
Victrolas, $15 to $250 Terms and delivery arranged to
-Sa &f WJmfA
' Morrison Street at Broadway
Other Stores San Francisco, Oakland, Sacramento, Fresno, San Jose,
Los Angeles, Sn Diego and Other Coast Cities.
Not a Thing Left Undone
to assure you of a feast and a pleasant
time during the holidays at the
Imperial Hotel Grill
You wUI bs safe -
in choosing1. None but the most refined
vocal and instrumental musio by our
- 1.ES BOHEJIIEXXES."
Christmas dinner, from 5 to 9 o'clock-.
SI 60 with wine. Iew Tear's Eve special
supper from 9 P. M. to 1 A. M., rainbow
trout and Chinese pheasant, J2 per cover,
wine extra. Dinner New Year's day, with
wine, ?1.50, from 5 to 9.
qulry; agreed today to defer considera
tion of the subject until after the holi
Ex-Grand Array. Chaplain Dies.
ROCKVILLE, Md., Dec 22 James H.
Bradford, once chap!ain-in-chief of.th
Grand Army of the Republic, died here
today. He was born in Vermont in
fJJJt Vvm-Z'A4P'm"m' '-"S3