THE MORXIXG OREGONIAX. rUKSDAY. DECEMBER 23, 1913. FUEL BOOKS SHOW NVITED TO NEW PRESIDENT OF CABABAO CLUB, WHO, IT IS UNDER STOOD. HAS BEEN TOLD HE OUGHT TO RESIGN. AT What Gail Be Nicer Than a Piano for Christmas? Portland's Big Piano House Makes Special Induce ments to Christmas Buyers A Modern Talking Machine With Plenty of Records Is a Splendid Christmas Gift, but Probably Best of All Is a Player Piano ! WEIGHTS JUGGLED I TELEPHONES Duty Rebates Paid on Coal Not Government Ownership Would Cost Only $900,000,000, Says Lewis. Debited to Barges -at Canadian Mines. a jf . 3 AKE PROFITS IN WIRES CITED I ult of these alihArr re rank only "TJ AnJnst lhsc 1 1 hat our pcv'I.r v 1 7 EM l fit - Jfeffc. 1 Mil Vnited States Pays More for Talks at , Distance Than Other Countries. Telegraph Rates Too High, Xteclares RepresenUtiTe. WASitTSGTOX, Dec ti. Government ownership of the Nation's telephone lines would cost less than 1900.000.000 and would present no. greater diffi culties of financing than did the Pan- tn rannl Representative Lewis. . of Maryland, told the House today In an exhaustive analysis of bis proposal -it Iiave those lines operated by the FoaV OITIre Department. . , "Investigation discloses that our tele graphic rates are tne nignesi amon countries, ine rwun inal rates is that we 9 n " e " - -" v oitlons. it appears that our pPT" average lower than other cour that the number of letters highest in the world. f I Telegraph companies Jj lacking in institutional ticlency. The operation' telegram is loaded down dental services iMitiroc thun So nf m-hlrh would affixing- the postage stare, can Inefficiency is lurif in all important towtts f tne denial or me tn sand necessary points. Teleohoaes More "The telegraph servie .1 1 . J i..u.t tntlnn D ' unwise now to postal! id it tadorfe'i a i- .... i .. . rrn Vn Ir a over, t telegraph lines alone and Vperate tem merely as telegraph lines mifcht-, result In postal bankruptcy. "But our telephone tolls and long-distance telephone rates compare with those of other countries even lees favor ably than do our telegraph rates. It Is not unfair or Inaccurate to say that the American interurban ' telephone rates are the scandal of public service rates the world over. The American tele phone monopoly takes the 13th place among 17 countries with regard to the lownesa of these rates. "Local rates of the Bell telephone monopoly are Just twice the average charge in other countries. While our postal rates give us the first rank in lowness of charges, this company ranks 14th among 1 countries with its local telephone charges and we are one of three countries where the charge for a local call exceeds ths letter postal rates, the other 13 countries giving a much ; lower similar telephone call than their letter rates. Enrooeaa Cities Pay Less. "Subscribers' rates in American cities, compared with Continental cities, are about three times as high. ' For example, in New York 5400 calls. about 15 a day under measured serv ice, cost more than the four unlimited yearly rates of London. Paris, Berlin : and Stockholm together. For like ! services, Baltimore people pay more i than the rates of London and Parts combined, and Washington pays as much as the five cities of Amsterdam, ; Kotterdam, Auckland, Toklo and ' Copenhagen combined. In postal tele ! phone countries the local toll tariffs , tend to run about one-half the charge ', for a letter, while here It runs with the streetcar fare and sometimes ex : reeds It. and it is three times the let I ter rate. 1 "While competition does not supply ' a remedy because it divides the serv ice and necessitates the payment for f two telephones, yet it throws an Inter- eating sidelight on the tendency of a ! private monopoly to push up the rate. Monopoly Sienna Hln Rate. "Thus, 60 of the great American 1 cities. 84 averaging J42.488 In popula- tion. pay an average annual telephone ' rate of $5 J under competition: while ' the other S cities, averagings only ; 388,629 in population, without competl ; tion. pav an average rate of Ssl. Since Ms s 5 ij jf" 7 REAR-ADMIRAL THOMAS B. HOWARD. SCALES EXPERT TESTIFIES REBUKE IS ISSUED Wilson Seeks to Recall Ideals . of Army and Navy Men. "FUN" NOT APPRECIATED President In Formal Letter Requests "Very Serlotrs Reprimand" to Carabao Of ricers Opinion Is Records Xot Marred. VAi90Ulv.i - wn,nn muiA nublic today a letter ad dressed to Secretaries Garrison and Daniels, respectively, requesting mm a very serious repnoumu b . . . . i. a ... mA Vbyv nffi isierea to iwvm 1 - - " ---- cers who participated in the recent din ner of the military order of the Cara bao. at wnicn ine aumiuii.uu. Philippine and other policies were sat irised. The letter follows: "The officers who were responsiuio tn- tt nroaramme of the evening are certainly deserving of a very serious reprimand, wnicn i nereuy mi administered, and I cannot rid myself of a feeling of great disappointment that the general body of officers as sembled at the dinner have greeted the i f -1 w v. a nrnrrammfl with apparent indifference to the fact that It vioiaiea boiiio " and sacred traditions of the service. "I am told that the songs and other amusements of the evening were in tended and regarded as 'fun. What are we to think of officers of the Army and Navy of the United States who think it -fun' to bring their official su periors into ridicule and the policies of the Government which they are sworn to serve with unquestioning loyalty, into contempt? If this is their Idea of fun, what is their idea of duty? If they do not hold their loyalty above all silly effervescences oi cui ". ler. formerly a Major in the volunteer medical corps and secretary of the Washington corral of the Carabao. He v v. 1 ---.u nf PmtHAIIt seems w w wcjwmm ... Wilson's reprimand, as he is now In civil me. It has not been determined whether the reprimand will be noted on the records of the respective officers, but opinion tonight is that such notation will not be made. , BRIBE OVERHEARD ON WIRE Xotes on Teleplione Talk Testimony In Mississippi Trial. .rnT.aoTTTrs xt a m rjc! 22. Testi mony purporting to have been obtained by means of a teiepnone ueviue i.o introduced today at the trial of State Senator Hobbs. charged with soliciting and accepting a bribe in connection with a bill providing for the creation ' nn.v In T1anlRsiDDl. This testimony tended to corroborate that given by Stepnen uasuenun, wuu owuc that he had given Hobbs 200 as a bribe. , W. L. Douglas, who said he recorded conversations between Hobbs and Cas .i.m.n ruii t the liirv what he said were notes of these conversations. Ac cording to these notes, Castleman was willing to give a bribe and Hobbs to receive it. "DRY" PETITION GROWING competition can only augment tne an suiy eawvru . --. toM coat of operation, it is apparent what about their profession do they . .. 1 A Kln-h rat, hnti! AAOrpd? how private monopoly and high rates So hand in hand. hi. iii w .in. a. .iin r tn tn 1c a over the telegraph lines here (capitalized at $240,000,000). as both kinds of com munication can be handled on the tele phone wires, which exceed the tele graph wires tn mileage and geograph ical distribution. "The cost of acquiring the telephone networks is Indicated at something less than tDOO.000.000, for which it is proposed to Issue S per cent bonds, payable in 50 years. It Is calculated that the postal system, by superim posing the telegraph service on the telephone lines at half present tele graph rates, may net some J50.000.COO annually from that traffic alone, which with the present profits of the tele phones, and after deduction of Inter est on the bends and depreciation, would supply the department with a large surplus for extensions and other purposes." DOCTOR BUYS HOLSTEINS Owner of Ranch Near Lanplols to j Establish Thorouffhbred Herd, i ' LAN'GLOIS. Or. Dec. IS. (SpeciaU Dr. J. R. Wetherbee. of the Star dairy ranch, two miles south of here, re turned Sunday from a tour to a num ber of cities and farming communlfea of the Northwest In search for catt'e with which to stock his Curry County dairy farm. Pr. Wetherbee brought back four yearling Holsteln-FTiealan heifers, which cost him tlii'i). Dr. Wetherbee plans to change his entire herd of nearly J00 head of cat tl. and eliminate every grade and other strain except the Holsteln Krlestan. While passing through here he stated he will bring more thorough bred cattle in next Spring and thus start breeding at once. PILGRIMS' DAY . OBSERVED Two Hundred Xlnety-Thlrd Annlver. sary of Landing Celebrated. DrtCT.iv t4 Th 191d anni versary of the landing of the Pilgrims was commemorated yesterday In the VIU W 1 111 uu.u Rev. Dr. George Hodges, of Cambridge. described tne apirn oi m. pubhii. . i - - th. imitrlMii anlrlt of Indi vidual protest. It is the spirit, he said. .-t.,.-h nrntuii acainst monopoly in business, politics or religion. Christmas special. Order of Good-Fellows at Globe Theater, commencing hold sacred? Ideals Are Recalled. "My purpose, therefore, in adminis tering this reprimand is to recall the men wno are respun-nu-tj " ...... ering of standards of their ideals; to remind them of the high conscience with which they ought to put duty above personal Indulgence ana to u"" of themselves as responsible men and trusted soldiers, even while they are amusing themselves as diners-out." Secretaries Garrison and Daniels de cided to administer the reprimand by transmitting a copy i" -letter to each member of the enter tainment committee. Secretary Garrison lmmeuiaieiy c". this memorandum to Major-Uenerai Leonard Wood, chief of staff of the "It is nereoy oraereu mm-. cers of the United States Army who . V. nna r.m TTl i 1 1 M and were uii ... . -i . .Mnnn. hi. for the pro- were .ucreivtw . -- - . gramme or enieriaiiu.-c.il dinner of the Military uroer oi u. Carabao. be reprimanded in pursuance .. i . 1 lha PrntiRnt or tne commun'-.uwik v . - to me. copy herewiui. m i the reprimand should take should be xo iurini fc" " copy f the letterfrom the President. Mir Act Teday. Secretary Daniels probably will issue a similar order tomorrow, oauut Presidential rebuke effective so far as Navy officers are concerned. It is understood inai . .v.. . . .w. v ,.. mrrnlMl that Rear- Admirai Thomas Benton Howard, who presided at tne omner oi - - . i i . n-a lhA new- mOunt LSrSDHV " " " ..u..i f thn orsraniza tion. resign the position of chief of the society because of the conduct of the m and Navv officers at the dinner last Thursday. Kear-AdmiraJ I Howard was born at uaiena, m-. - .i.i cr.i.rir Danlvla that he had ri. I In m T. I Himn L fl B 1I1DU1- 8UU1. A ' I, 1 1 1 .1. " - ractM" for 13 years without hearing anv objection. .i.. v. tha lllnniP commit ino uiniioTia - , tee on the part of the Army who will hi.aivm mn or rrwtuoti, . . . ... communication are: Major Lawson at. ruuor, Major Francis J. Koester. Captain War r.n.ln Frank T. HineS. Ill jor Jame's E. Normoyle. Major Kdgar Russell, Brtgedler-GenerM mn Jic Intyre and Colonel P. O. S. Helstand. Navy officers on the dinner commit tee. wcrn : u...Aa4inira.l Thomas B. Howard ..v., .- tinr-ruiaral William P . . . a r r r'.nt-in W. P. bhoe maker. Surgeon Frank E. McCullough Lieutenant - Commander erank E Kidgely, Paymaster Victor B. Jackson ITxlIrr Reessa Xsasaaae. m. i v. ih, rnmmittH inn tun nit th ... - - .--w -- i not In the servica is Dr, Joseph at. Hi- More Than 85.000 Signatures to Re quest for Amendment- . . .. c !-., Ti n TTcH LAJS AJiuiintii), - which a W. Wheeler, chairman of the "Califor- collectea. nla Dry in 1914" campaign committee. I announced today that more than tis.ouu - iniiM rhnn twice 'the BlSUaLUlco v " J . number needed, have been obtained to the initiative petition asking that the nation rf u ctT t i t ii t joiml amendment nrnhf hftinir the manufacture, sale or use of liquor be placed upon the ballot at next year s state election. r hs. nun itr natures secured. 36 Ann A 4-b InaH in T A T tr UUU wrin uuunuvu Northern California, is opposed to the campaign. BALLOON GOES 1738 MILES German Slakes World's Distance In Spherical Bag Government Agent Says Customs Re funded on Sworn Statement of Officers of Company San Francisco. - at d.-k- univfism Tied 22. Books of .- iTn ..I PomDanT show that In 8 per cent of cases more coal was discharged from the company a into American steamers man. loaded on the barges at Canadian mines. .On the figures for coal ais- . -v. i.rrM and not for CDHlgCD -1 "II H' " a the coal the barges received, affidavits were presented to tne customs - ties ana arauiv y . . . , - . ... , . .lit In ,M that had been couecieu worn Such was tne testimony iwu., - D. Tidwell, special agent of the Lnltea , mnt . in th O trial of eight indicted directors and employes 01 tne company i- . , . j u, TiHnreii'n testimony to aeiriuni. - , , . , . was based on figures which he had . . Ui.. a! Pnm. compiled rrom me y chidi u pany s dooks ana iewiu Overweight Rebates Paid. One case was cited In which, on April 20, 100S, a barge discharge ions more coal into vessels than the com pany's books showed was aeoitea w that barge ana a. arwui;. -lected on the debited amount plus the 66 tons. , Vr.l.-A Mr. Tidwell tesimea mat ui..- States Army transports and revenue cutters had loaded coal from wtern Fuel barega at various times; that tne Government vessels had received more i -it!...- n ih hnnks. than the records showed had been loaded Into the barges and uh uu.ciui had refunded customs duties for the larger amounts. Refunds had been inaae. no kv .worn statements of James Smith, or some other of the defend ants, that the company's figures for the amounts discharged from the barges were correct. According to Air. iiawen a uunWi. between April 1, 1906. and December 31, 1912, the Western Fuel Company sold 2,196,Zli long ions oi mitu" --. which was in round numbers a,uuu tons more than the company had re ceived, plus what was on hand prior to the former date. Weight Expert xesuiiea. tr wills, nort captain for a Seattle firm at Nanaimo. B. C, and formerly In command of the coal barge Two Brothers, plying between Nana imo and Seattle, was called to the stand in the afternoon to testify to the meth od of weighing coai at. m " cd.-. Fuel company s i.n'" , . He was followed by W. J. Dougherty, chief weigher for the customs service ,ki. xr,. nnnsrhertv said there could not be more than 10 pounds dif ference between xne wuB- load of coal obtained on a "rising . n a ., "rmn Vioam " or when the Deaui ii" ;r , balance was perfectly horizontaL He said the kind of scales UBSd on the docks for weighing coal would reg ister the weigni 01 h--"- as five pounas. r Vnrnrng, SACretarV Of the Liaviu v company, was on the stand again today for a short time to identify certain i th a nanniiTiEr ox cutii uu reuoiuo wi. which a refund of customs duties was FAITH IN WIRELESS BIG DE FOREST TELLS JURY HE B1S- LIEVED X RADIO TELEPHONE. tt1 pt i xt tvo, 95 Hrr Kevlen. a German balloonist, who with two pas sengers ascenaea irom on.ic.nciv., Prussian Saxony, in the balloon Dufs- V- t .n.ir.rfH IimIhV Durg on j-itstcuiuc. -that he had descended at Perm, a town in European Itussia near me oi mi. . . - . i ..lahHahlnfi' a world's ironnwr. i ...... " - distance and duration record for spheri cal bauons. The Duisburg was in the air 87 hours and traveled 1738.8 miles. NOTED DIVA ASKS DIVORCE Bchumann-Heink Files Suit Against WllUam Rapps, Third Mate. CHICAGO, Dec S2? Suit for divorce was filed here today by Madame " .. . ,u.inV the onera Ernestine wi"- . - ,r.. singer, against her husband. ""ftln Rapp. Desertion Is the charge. They were marnea nere ij. - the singer since has made Chicago her residence. Rapp deserted her two years ago, she alleges. - xney nau children. . ,, . ....i.l family differ ences are said to have estranged the Rapps. Madame ecnumann-xioiu- eight children by her two former marriages. to He Invention Promised Much and Success Was Sincere Hope, Declares Man Wao Developed Idea. kt-ctxt xvoir n.f 22. Uriea De For est had faith in the wireless telephone and was, sincere in ins -.cue success at the time he and others or ganized the Radio Wireless Telephone Company. De Forest maae mis Biaiemcui iw-j i v in thn F'a.Tai uouri iieio. is on trial with James Dunlop . . i . i. r.' i v TP T3iii-1 Incrn m A and S Bill - 311111.11, A 1 1 1 1 1 i j. . - - uel Darby, charged with misuse of the mails to promote sales of the company i. - . V. Stock. rie was a Wliueao iena. 1 Fn.n.t .nlH Af tllP mefltS Of thS invention on which the organization of h Knflin uomnany waa u"" - . n , wimir.H telenhone com municatlon was established between Milwaukee and Chicago ana vice vei. ii 1 A .1 .hnnt mA.ncres which the Government alleged were never sent between those cities, wliiuuku i-.j were advertised by the company. De . i ; .l . K , Mflcnm "mn 1 n I V r ureoi c.uia.nn.u . - mechanical," preventing the telephone from operating, were responsiDio ror .i i- .cnt The witness con- LllCll II i- u ..... o " ..j. that the Radio Company had never yielded returns to the stockhold ers. . . Questioned concerning the pamphlets . . TV UVtraa. ma i A lssuea ny me cohhjiij, hn did not think the assertions were ......I Th tslonhone Dromlsed much," he declared. The trial will be resumed tomorrow The Coming Christmas is the 4 SIXTIETH. PUR HTMAS 11 CI --.nl rX rrmMiuni riav found a most appropriate Holiday Gift in PHILIP MORRIS The World's Oldest Hlsrh-Gra.de Turkish CIGARETTES In Neat Brown Boxes of 10. 20. 50 and 100 S I ' K iUaKiasVhWVt Ai 1 Philip Morris & Co., Ltd New YA ,Loodoa MonUejl Cairo See the new style 10, reduced price $485. See the new style 12, reduced price $517. " See the finest, daintiest, sweetest - toned, new 1914 design, reduced price $565. Corresponding reductions obtain throughout this great assortment of bungalow and all our other player pianos. SPECIAL TODAY AND TOMORROW See our elegant new Christmas Gift Pianos, reduced price $256, on payments, $8 down and $8 a month. Buy Now a BUNGALOW Player Piano The Beautiful Bungalow Player Pianos, the -most popular of all, and in an almost endless variety of fin ishes, are now ready for sale. Six dif ferent styles, supplied in various beautiful fancy woods known only in high-grade piano-making, may be had. , The magnitude of our business makes still lower prices possible. ' Never was so much obtainable for so little. Nowhere else can such high quality, such up-to-dateness be had for even 20 or 25 more than these, sale prices. Terms of payment will be arranged within reach of any home worthy the name. Silent pianos will be accepted at fair valuation toward payment of any of these Bungalow Player Pianos, or of any of the other numerous Play er Pianos now on display. Liberal supply of Music Rolls free with these Bungalow Player Pianos, as with all of our Player Pianos; free exchange privileges for music rolls. Every Member of the Family Profits by a Christmas Gift Piano or a Talking Macmne Our Christmas Exhibition Sale now in progress. Eilers Music House, Broad- way at -o-iuei. oucci. dickering BT7 Grant Kimball Baby Grands TMnt Machine Wquartexs. All the various makes of modern Chickering Artigraphic P 1 7 r talking machines and all the records for them. Pianos tj,, oniy place in town where intelligent comparison is possible; via. w.,M where one make, after trial ia exchangeable without depreciation Chickering Plexotone Plarr Piwos ther that may , deaired. Kimball Acmelodic Player Pianos A jiMical Ohristmaa Is Sure to Be a Sensible Christmas and Also a Bans factory Christmas Violins, Guitars, Mandolins and other Small Musical Instruments Sheet Music Popular or Classic Music Portfolios In short, everything musical at VICTEOLAS, GRATONOLAS AND EDISON'S LATEST. ONLY AT EILERS Player Pianos De Luxe and the - Genuine Autopiano Player Piano 40 Makes of the Best Pianos all sold by Eilers Music House Every Instrument Sold by Eilers Music House is Covered by an Unconditional Guarantee That Means Satisfaction to the buyer. The Nation's Largest ' Eilers Bldg, Broadway at Alder Biggest, Busiest, Best V You Can Own a Complete, Modern Disc Graf dnola With an Outfit of 12 Double Disc Records (24 Pieces) For cash or at the same cash price on $5 monthly payments if you like no in terest or extras. All delivered by our nearest dealer and subject to approval. ami s-Tx'JB&i. S This Is the Golumbia Grafonola "Favorite" the first Grafonola ever offered at its price or anywhere near it We believe it is the best that can be constructed and sold at this price, or near it the first instrument of the enclosed type offered at anything like its price, and capable of all the tonal qualities of a $200 instrument IMPORTANT NOTICE. AU Colombia Records Cao Be Played Victor Tmlktas; Machines. LIKEWISE All Colombia Instruments Will Pier Victor Records. AT. YOUR DEALER OR Columbia Graphophone Go. 371 Washington Street, Portland, Or., oUaesdayv wJl v.