lO THE MORNING OREGONIAN. FRIDAY, AUGUST 29, 1913. -Av (&xst$mm PORTLAND, OBLEGOX. Xntered at Portland. Oregon, postofflee sscand-clasa matter. Subscription Kmtee -In-arlmblT Is Advettee: Dan, Sanday tncludd. on year J'S? ueuy, feunaay inciuaea, six bally, Sunday Included, three months T-i.ll.. CI I 1 !.. -. J mnnfh a.21 Dally, without Sunday, one year J- Dally, without Sunday, six months .- Dally, without Sunday, three months. Lauv. wltnout Sunday, on oonta . . . - ; Weekly, ono year ........... Suaday'acd weekly." one year .... -00 (ST CASRXKB) rtMllw Bmiil,lii,llldld. Htvnr . . . . - w.0 Sally, Sunday Included, on month - U - U I, aw HAatnfflM mOBST . Am- - n.PunBi -heck on your inal Kanto atamm. coin or currency ara at senders risk. Give poatofflco address rail. Including county and state. Feats Bates 13 to IS pares. 1 oantj 18 ao 2 pages, v eents; ae to p-a- . Za . - J . at fr. 7(1 bum, I eeiu; 78 to 92 paxes, cants. Foreign ooau ase. douoia rates. Eastern Buatneas Offteew Terr Conk la, Mw York, urunawica eufl. KEHir hulldlnc San Franelsr Office R. J. EldweU Ca, T2 Market at. Earopaaa Office No. . Re rent street W.. London. PORTLAND, FREDA?. AUOC8T t. 1913. TEACHTSQ SOCIAL HTGJDENR. The Buffalo Congress on School Hy giene has taken a definite stand for Instruction in the facts of sex. The fallacious old theory that Ignorance means Innocence has been abandoned as far as this great meeting; of d is tin guished educationalists is concerned. The prevalent cowardice in the face of vice and its consequences has endaiv tiered the welfare of the human race. In their opinion, and nothing- less than a revolt from the common methods of shunning- the truth 'will suffice to meet the situation. Ismorance. even if it existed, would not mean Innocence. It would slm, Dlr mean defenselessness. To turn young persons of either sex out into the hurlyburly of life 'unfortified by knowledge of their physical natures and the perils which passion creates is as senseless as to drive a spring lamb among- a flock of hungry wolves, and the consequences are commonly much the same. But in most cases the ismo ranee which foolish parents and teachers foster so assiduously is purely imaginary. It does not exist. It is nly in the most exceptional cases that young people fall to learn the facts of sex in their tender years, but instead of coming-, as it ought, from their wise elders, it comes far too often from de praved associates. Knowledge flows from a poisoned spring-. The immac ulate ignorance of which we hear so much praise from those who would hide the light is gross humbug and most of the pleas for it are little bet ter than cant. But Instruction in physiology and hygiene, essential as they are, will not alone suffice to cure the evils that arise. No matter how much the indi vldual may know, he is still in peril unless his will is educated. Side by side with the instruction in those truths which are vital to wholesome living should proceed training of the wilL As the Jesuit Father Tlernay ex. pressed it to the congress, "teach that purity is noble and possible, that vice is vile and carries its own punish ment, that marriage is inviolable and that the family is sacred. But, after all. such phrases as these ring a little hollow. These things may be taught and taught from now until Gabriel sounds his trumpet and noth ing will come of it unless we can mas ter the magic art of transforming pre. cept into volition. Who will tell the world hQW to make young people act upon the good advice they receive? Who will tear away the deceptive veil of beauty that covers the hldeousness of vice and inspire youth to resist Its allurement? No doubt the task is difficult, but we can see one thing that might help. It is a radical reform of the theaters. . Out of every ten plays that our young peo ple flock to see nine make vice attrac tive. The infidelity of husbands, the humor of drunkenness, the gaiety of brothels, the fascination of lewd in trigue, such are the materials from which many stage plays are construct ed, and they are seldom depicted in their true squalor and misery, but al most always with a false witchery that plays into the hands of the tempter. The newer drama which represents vice in Its true ugliness is often de nounced as Immoral, but it is an old trick of the devil to destroy his foes by defaming them when he can. But if we could outwardly reform the stage and literature and conven tional society we should not even then hare gone to the root of the matter. The real Inspiration to resist vicious temptation and live a pure life is an inner fire. When it is lighted in the soul, knowledge acquires meaning and precepts reach down into the will. While it burns conduct marches on the high levels of life. When it dies men sink into the sloughs of wicked ness. Who shall light his inner fire in the souls of American youth? The Buffalo congress might have desired & regen eration as well as a revolution. Where shall we look for the vital spark? Dr. Charles W. Eliot specifies three "prin cipal causes of the present evil con ditions: lust in men, lack of moral principle in some women and the de pravity of those who trade in lust and immorality." Nobody can say a word for commercialized vice. It should be extirpated from the world. All will agree with Dr. Eliot that it "should be attacked with all the forms and all the powers of the law." The only hope lies in annihilating the business. But when iwe begin to consider the elimination of lust, we stand on ground not quite so safe. In our zeal for -reform we must be careful not to run counter to the laws of the universe. Biology laughs at the notion of pro ducing a passionless male, or one in whom the sexual Impulse has been chilled. With all our striving we can. not stay the action of the law of sur vival and nature will inevitably select the men for parents in whom passion is the strongest. This fact is funda mental. To weaken the paternal impulse, which we may stigmatize as lust if we wish. Is to retire conquered from the struggle for existence and leave the world to be inherited by those who obey nature's law. Safety lies not in eliminating passion, but in controlling it- Readers of "The Wandering- Jew" will remember a remarkable passage In which the general of the Jesuits de scribes the effects of chastity. He had not by any means eliminated his nat ural passions, but he had reined and harnessed them and by virtue of their transformed potency he was master of the civilized world. The Biblical writers knew all about this. "He that conquers himself Is greater than he that taketh a city." aid one of them, anticipating: Eugene WW Sue's rule for achieving power. So the teacher of sexual hygiene has to sail perilously between Scylla and Charybdis. If he decries passion too much he saps the springs of race vigor. If he fails to slay vice in its wolfiah ness he sees the old tragedy repeated of Saturn devouring his children. What is he to do? One is almost driven to remember an ancient saying to which William James gave new meaning for the modern world. "Ye must be born again." Wriggle and twist as we will, are we not finally com pelled to turn to religion for refuge? But what is religion? That is often the rub. 8HAIX TKirr WAIT FOB THE GOVERNOR? The implication from some of the news reports coming out of Salem is that the majority of the Desert Land Board took advantage of the Govern or" absence to agree to the extension of the contract with the state of the Deschutes Land Company (otherwise J. E. Morson and his associates). It Is an unjust and unnecessary impu tation. Most of the business of the state is carried on. during the frequent absences of the Governor from his post of duty at Salem. If the other state officers are to wait until the time of his Irregular reappearances at the state capital before performing their va rious duties, the machinery of govern, ment will be thrown pretty badly out of gear. Doubtless Governor West is inspired by a purpose to protect the settlers on the Morson tract. We have no wish to Question his motives. Possibly the set tlers are in need of such a friend as the Governor. But the Governors violent quarrels with Mr. Morson are not to be forgotten, nor the fact that the United States Interior Department has agreed to the extension, nor that the Supreme Court of the state has up held Mr. Morson. Governor West alone has a policy different from the plan approved by all the others. The presumptions are decidedly against the Governor. If the Governor objects to action by any state board during his absence, is it too much to suggest that he person ally attend the stated meetings and arrange his frequent divagations and vacations for the interim? PERJURY MADE EAST. If the Democrats vote in large num. bers in the Oregon Republican prima ries, the Republicans invade in squads. platoons and regiments the Democratic primaries of Kentucky. Thus a gen eral average is struck, and what one great political party loses or gains in one state it gains or loses In en other. Everybody ought, therefore, to be happy, except possibly the states most concerned. The Louisville Courier-Journal is pained to note that the Republicans "voted largely in some of the Demo cratic primaries. In many counties Republicans and Progressives mani fested no interest in their own prima ries. In some counties they hold no primaries at all. and in others they cast a mere handful of votes. . . The Democratic vote cast in a number of the counties was in excess of the vote polled by the National ticket In the Presidential election of 1912." It will console our grieved Demo cratic contemporary to know that the Vote cast in an ordinary Republican Oregon primary is invariably in ex cess of the Republican Presidential vote.' Last year it was larger than the subsequent Republican and Progressive vote combined. The reason was the free-and-easy Democratic intrusion of the Republican primaries. The Courier-JournaT wisely remarks that "such a- state of affairs is not easily remedied." but it thinks "about the only effective remedy lies in a system of state-wide registration." But tate-wide registration is not a rem edy. In Oregon thousands of Demo crats cheerfully perjure themselves to enjoy the privilege of mixing in Re publican affairs. Has the Courier- Journal an idea that the Republicans of Kentucky have consciences so keen and scrupulous that they will not make all the mischief they can for the Democracy? Perjury in registration is just as easy as lying in Kentucky as in Oregon. GROWTH OF THE Y. M. C. A. The growth of the Young Men's Christian Association in the United States is a matter of National interest. The society permeates all parts of the country and powerfully modifies the life of every community where it gains footing. In the last ten years more than 600 new local associations have been formed and the membership has increased by over 200,000, which is about sixty per cent. The number of buildings has increased in about the same ratio. There are now 67.000 men enrolled In the educational classes of the association. All of them are pur suing studies which look directly to the betterment of their economic condition. Whatever is taught goes Immediately Into practice. This makes the Y. M. C. A. one of the most potent educational forces In the country and it is constantly per fecting Us methods. Its classes bear very little resemblance to those of the ordinary college. Admission require ments are scarcely mentioned. Prob lems of discipline are extremely rare. Each student goes to his instructors with a clear and definite purpose in mind and the results are correspond ingly rapid. Naturally the gymnasiums, with their varied privileges, attract more boys and young men than any other of the association's departments. The classes in all sorts of physical exer cises have Increased from 89,000 to 300,000 in the last ten years. This Is an astonishing rate of growth. The systematic training of so many youths in sound bodily exercises must exert beneficial influence upon the health and efficiency of the whole country. Another interesting item relates to the Bible students. They numbered 8.000 ten years ago. Now there are 03,000, almost four times as many. Perhaps the neglect of the Bible as literature which many have deplored will not be so evident hereafter as It has been. Rational interest in the poems and novels bound up in the ven erable volume Is visibly increasing as superstitltous regard .declines. No doubt the time will come when the Bible will be as widely read for its in herent Interest as Shakespeare or Sir Walter Scott. Senator Wesley L. Jones, otherwise called "Yakima Jones," has called down upon himself the satire of the ew York Sun by proposing to dedi cate to man certain stretches of ground near the Capitol at Washing ton, and to woman a certain other stretch; which he . would reserve as a site for monuments to women and which he would name the Parthenon, while he would name the space in front of the Union Station the Acropo lis. The Sun suggests "Suffrage Square" as a substitute for Acropolis and asks if Mr. Jones "would compro mise by swapping 'Parthenon' for the more resonant and Yaklmlan 'Gyne copolis.' " ' Does the fact that Mr. Jones hails from Yakima provoke the Sun thus to poke fun at him? CAPITAUZNG HIS PRESTIGE. The appeal made by William J. Bryan for subscriptions to the Com moner, once a (weekly, now a monthly and always a considerable Bryan financial asset, has at least one remarkable aspect. Mr. Bryan not only does not hesitate to employ his prestige as Secretary of State for the special benefit of his news, paper organ, but he promises out right to use his great position for the information and instruction of his readers. The Bryan appeal has these paragraphs: Aa an Incident to the Dflmocntla victory I have boen Invited to become a member of the president's official family, and. aa hie representative in ona of the depart ments of the Government, am brought into contact with international problems. As a member of the Cabinet, too. I enjoy the opportunity of participating- In the dis cussion of such problems aa the President sees fit to bring- before that body. A an exponent of the plans ana purposes of the Administration, the Commoner can accomplish even more as a monthly than It could as a weekly. Administrative and legis lative plans develop gradually, and there Is no need of haste In meeting the criticisms that may be directed aralnst the programme of tha party now In authority. The Com moner will be able to present to Its Indi vidual readers, and through Its multitude of exchanges to a still larger audience, the Government's aide of tha questions undsr discussion. W. J. Bryan. It needs no nice sense of discrimin ation to discern the crass impropriety of the Bryan solicitations. Not even a plea of poverty from a begging Secre tary of State will Justify them. But it takes a considerable Income, of course, to support a house at Washington, an other house at Lincoln, Neb., and I third house in Florida. income tax a continuing issue. The attempt of progressive Repub licans to Impose on large incomes a higher tax than is proposed in the Underwood bill served to accentuate the difference between them and the regular Republicans. Senator Borah some time ago made a strong argu ment for a higher exemption than 33000, but Senators La Follette and Brlstow propose to raise the tax on larger Incomes. They thus bid for the support of those who would tap swollen fortunes and weaken the hold of the Democrats on that element. The action of the progressive Re publicans gives a hint of the course of future political agitation. The income tax once established, there will prob ably be a continual demand for a change in the rates and in the plan of imposition. Opposition to large for tunes and large corporations will find here a convenient weapon of attack. On the other, side will be those who contend that high taxes on incomes place a premium on fraud and con cealment and a penalty on honesty and enterprise. We shall have warnings against the danger of driving Amer icans to withdraw their wealth from this country and to Invest abroad. Those who advance the latter argu ment will be reminded that other court. tries have an Income tax, in some cases much heavier than ours, and have other taxes far more burdensome. The tax Imposed by the Underwood bill must be regarded as only a be ginning and, as such, is well enough. Many revisions will be necessary be fore we arrive at a scale of taxation which will adequately tax large for tunes without driving them abroad and will arrive at an amount of exemption sufficient to the support of a family. PARTY REORGANIZATION WATTS. ' Many men of various parties are wondering why the talk of Republican reorganization has so completely died down. The men who were formerly most active In agitating the subject have become dumb. They were lead ers of the progressive wing. But the reactionary leaders in Illinois have evinced a purpose to reserve standpat- Ism, hoping that reaction caused by the Democratio tariff bill will restore them to popular favor. Each wing of the party appears to rely on development of Democratic policy to strengthen It In the contest for party control. That the two wings are not yet prepared to Sap together became apparent during the Senate de bate on the tariff. A group of those Republicans who fought the Payne Aldrich tariff has supported some of the duties Imposed by the Underwood bill. Senator La Follette has proposed a wool schedule of his own. inese facts Indicate that the struggle be tween the moderate and extreme pro tectionists is to be fought out In the convention to be called for reorganiza tion of the party and for redefinition of its principles. The standpatters look forward to such disastrous ef fects from the Underwood tariff as will cause the people to throw them selves into the arms of the Republican party so hastily that they will forget and forgive the sins of the old leaders who led the party to division and de feat, The progressives are confident that the current which has started in their favor is so strong and so deep that it cannot be diverted. Each wing doubt less trusts that events will help its cause. .Hence tne period oi suent wait ing. While each faction waits for events to strengthen It, both are confident that events will weaken the common enemy the Democracy. Should the new tariff bring prostration to great Industries or cause material reductions of wages without materially reducing the cost of living, the Democracy will suffer. Should the currency bill pass. keen watch will be kept during the period of transition in the banking system for effects injurious to busi. ness. The Chautauqua foreign policy of the Administration will come lu for severe criticism and will be con trasted with the firm policy pursued by Republican Presidents in handling foreign affairs. The policy of scuttle from the Philippines will have taken shape before the regular session of Congress is far advanced. The blun ders x of Secretary Bryan In turning trained men out of the diplomatic service to make room for political friends, and the like conduct of other department heads, do not square with the solemn pledges of efficiency given during the campaign and will come in for criticism. When the Republican party meets In National convention, as it probably will next Spring, the Issues of the Con gressional campaign of 1914 will be made up. The nature of, and the color, ing given to, these Issues will depend upon whether the prevalent opinion of the convention Is conservative or progressive. Policy may restrain the former faction from too outright a condemnation of those principles which are distinctly progressive, but the pro gressives will be content with nothing short of frank Indorsement of those I principles. They will be, however, re-J strained from going to extremes In this particular by a desire not to turn the moderates against them. While Republicans are thus waiting for Issues to shape themselves and the conservative m-lng is waiting a turn in the tide of pnblic sentiment which in recent years has set strongly against it, the process of disintegration goes on in the ranks of the Progressive par- ty. Colonel Roosevelt has lost himself in the Arizona desert and will fin himself only to make a long foreign tour. His lieutenants are splitting into moderate and radical factions, and the rank and file is drifting away. Some of the moderates, like Frank Munsey. Dan Hanna and "Bill" FUnn, show a decided tendency to return to the Republican fold, while the radi cals, led by Glfford Pinchot, F. J. He. ney and George L. Record, of New Jersey, have struck out on new lines along which Colonel Roosevelt and his immediate lieutenants cannot fol low. This new schism may accelerate the return of the moderate element to the Republican party and strengthen the progressive element la its contest for party control. Although conservative Republicans are not ready to confess that public opinion has advanced so far beyond them as to have removed all hope of their ever regaining supremacy, the course of events seems to favor that view. Many states, both East and West, are wedded to the new ideas. Any faltering about adopting them would cause many Republicans to turn to the Democracy, if that party should adhere to its progressive programme, and would cause many third party men to Join the Democrats Instead of the Republicans. There will be a re action from the Democrats, but it will be from progressive Democracy to pro gressive Republicanism, not to the brand of Republicanism which was re jected In 1912. A farmer's congress In Texas was re cently attended by 600 boys and girls who had decided to choose some branch of agriculture for their voca tion. In one of the processions 100 boys carried stalks of prize corn and 100 girls carried cans of fruits and vegetables. These were their own products. Facts like these are encour. aging. They prove that bright young people are choosing farm life, not so much for the money there is in it as for the finer satisfactions of health and happiness. Senator Tillman fears that the suf frage would degrade women, but there is some hope that its exercise by women would stop the degradation of woman and child laborers in the mills of South Carolina. Women suffragists retaliate on the Senator by directing attention to these evils, to white slav ery and illiteracy in South Carolina. These things exist under laws made by men alone. Women's participation in government could hardly bring worse and might bring better results. How many can tell where Tlerra del Fuego is? We used to learn at school that it was an icy waste inhabited by squalid savages. The latest news is that it is a tine sheep country whose nockmasters are preparing to flood American and European markets with cheap mutton. The uninhabitable and unproductive parts of the world con tinually diminish. When the Sahara has been fertilized by an artificial sea, hardly any real desert will remain but that of Central Asia. A Linn County roan Is seeking to re cover the value of two Jersey cows that drank from a pall of paint left in his barn by representatives of the Geo. logical Survey and died. Once upon a time a common cow named Maud Mulvaney licked the paint from a can. vas of "Sunset" which the artist left unprotected in her pasture, but beyond giving purple milk for a day or two, suffered little distress. With bovlnes of royal blood, however, results are different- Special mention of his youth is made by those seeking clemency for Robert Morgan in their pleadings before Gov. ernor West. He is young, to be sure, and so was his victim, a beautiful girl budding into womanhood, with rosy dreams of the life to come. There are many more young women in this state to become victims of murder if the pleas of youth and "crazy jealousy" are effective in snatching Bob Morgan from stern punishment- Women's dress, like everything else In the modern world, will take its ulti mate form from economic considera tions. As woman becomes man's competitor in the various industries she will refuse to be hampered by garments more complex and expensive than his unless she receives higher wages. Since the parcel post has not swamped the Postofflee Department or the railroads, why not let it carry books? What difference is there be tween them and other commodities that they should pay a higher rate of postage? Huerta is bound to envy Glynn in the matter of formal recognition. Act. Ing Governor of New York is a bigger Job than acting President of Mexico, "By'thelr dress or lack of dress we shall know them," says Congressman HefUn. But you'd be surprised how often they'll fool you. Carnegie was decorated by the rul ers of the Netherlands. Andy is get ting democratic to give them an audi ence. Fine fiance, that fellow Sayre, not to discover Miss Wilson had fallen from her horse while out riding with him. Hurrah! Thaw's lawyers win three big legal victories. Incidentally, how. ever, Thaw is still in Jail. The rest of our Army may be sent to the border. Three more platoons and half a squad fall in! Omaha has no objection to X-ray skirts. Hence there will be little desire to wear them there. Silence on sex hygiene is menacing the race, says Dr. Eliot. Prudery is a dangerous jade. The Kaiser approves a wonderful new and costly gem. We shall order a gross at once. If it comes to the worst. Llnd might be instructed to slap Huerta twice on the wrist. And the Kansas mercury still climbs. Hades hath no fury like a Kansas hot wave- - Z , 1 .Whereupon It rained-. Stars and Starmakers ST LOX CASS William Bernard, accompanied by Mrs. Bernard or Xan Ramsey as she ia known professionally, were In Port land, for a few hours yesterday morn ing en route from Vancouver, B. to New York City. Mr. Bernard hat been directing stock at the Avenue Theater In Vancouver this Summer. They are going to New York to be "among those present" when some of tne theatrical jobs are given out, and have -a chance at soma el tha prise ones. e e e Edith Wyckoff, a San Francisco girl who has been at the Alcazar Stock this Summer, has gone to New York to join one of Frohman's companies. see After two years at Its own playhouse In the Mission town of Ban Gabriel. Southern California, John Steven Mo Groarty's pageant drama of California "The Mission Play" is being presented this week in San Francisco at the Co lumbla. e Fritz! Scheff, once the idol of comic opera, but whose fits of star-tempera ment have every season - lessened her box office value, has decided to take a fling at vaudeville. Nera Monday she opens a three weeks headlining engage ment at the Palace In New York. By a lapse of attention to business her press agent has not given out how many thousand, she receives per week, see An idea for -using motion picture films in a commercial way other than their present one has been suggested by Sidney Cohen, of the Gaumont com paay, in London. His plan ia to use the films in booking' vaudeville acts. For Instance talking pictures In one country could be shown with a view to booking In another country. The an- nouncement ityi that two big firms are already considering the idea, ee Besides being perhaps the most spectacular and historically important of any animated pictures ever shown, the Captain Scott pictures of the Antarctic Polar expedition which come to the Helllg for nine afternoons and nights beginning September 6, are in vested with a human appeal. That e-p peal is that the major portion of the revenue from the films goes to the maintenance of the widows and families of the five explorers who died of starvation and exposure when their herolo feat was achieved. ' There are 6000 feet of films, some of which were taken by the late Captain Scott himself but the most of which are the work of the noted Herbert G. Pontlrg, who went to within 12 degrees of the pole. Captain Scott took the pictures at tire pole itself, as the party had to be limited of necessity. One of the features of the films Is the per fectly fearless attitude of the wild animals of the polar region, which never moleste-d by man, felt no fear. The explorers are shown petting the seals. The films being shown In Port land are the property of Lady Scott,' and are duplicates of those now run nlng In, the big centers in the East and in London. They were received only July 5 In London. One of the pictures Is of t"be exact South Pole site, taken by Captain Scott. Not the least Interesting Is that Charles B. Han ford, noted actor and lecturer, accom panies the pictures and in his famous voice tells much that Captain Scott revealed In his diary written as he was dying. e - e e George Baker bad his hands full yes terday morning and never did he have to rise to more diplomatic heights than in dealing with the line of ticket seekers who had waited from 12 to 24- hours to get their choice for season seats. Never were militant suffragettes more insistant on holding their own ground In line, and when Individual arguments arose. It was Mr. Baker's arduous duty to restore peace among the members of the big family of Baker patrons. Surely It looks like a good season is in store tor the new stock company. The line stretched down the arcade to Sixth street and out along the thoroughfare some distance. e e e John Cort has made an arrange ment with Alexander Pantages whereby the tatter's vaudeville will Invade Salt Lake City. Cort's Colonial Theater there has been turned over for that purpose, and opens next Monday under the new management- This Is Pantages first trial of Salt Lake, and by getting the Colonial he locates within two blocks of the Sulllvan-Consldlne house there. Two Western girls have prominent parts in "The Girls and the Jockey,1 the musical comedy which heads the show at the Empress. They are Eva Olivetti and Frisco De Vera, both of whom were born and raised In San Francisco. Miss Olivetti Is the soubrette. Names are a peculiarity In the De Vere family each of the children having been christened after the city In which he or she was born. Mrs. Devere was named after Jersey, the daughter born in San Francisco was called Frisco, another daughter was christened Denver and a son, now dead, was baptized Tacoma. see Eva Tanguay is really coming to the Paciflo Coast this season. A note from her personal representative says so. It says also that the queer Eva inaugurates her second tour at the bead of her own road show with a week's engagement at tne Teck in Buffalo. Her engagement begins next Monday It seems as If all the engage ments begin next Monday. Anyway her tour is going to be so extensive It will keep her away from New. York for a year. The only genuine Westerner on the Orpheum bill this week is Teddy, the Buckley's roller skating bear, who hailed from Spokane, where Mr. Buck ley bought him a year and a half ago. Teddy, as well as Jack, his brother bear, along with Queenle and Adam and Eve, the three skating monkeys. all wear shoes purchased in Portland a year ago. Their footwear Is ordinary shoes with the skates attached. Of the human actors Jack Kennedy Is the best known here, where he has been playing for the past 2i) years. He was one? of the early members of the Cordray Stock Company and has played for years In the Northwest in repertoire. He has been seen here also with Guy Standing In "The Right of Way" and with Ward and James in Shakespearean repertoire. Mr. Kennedy was a boy pal and schoolmate of Harry Tracey (Severns), the noted outlaw, in Necedah, vv lsi At the .time of Tracys capture in Daven port, Wash., Mr. Kennedy was playing the part of Tracy in a melodrama in the same town, but did not know that it was his old boyhood" friend for almost a year. w m Joe Howard and Mabel McCane lately here in vaudeville at Pantages open at the Whitney Theater in Chl- ago for a season of musical stock. The last of next month will witness the opening, in "The Honeymoon Ex press," written by Howard. e e Rose Melville, who owns a big coun try home at Lake George. N. Y., has decided to keep "Sis Hopkins" off the stage for a year anyway. She has made a mint of money off the piece, and now controls two-thirds stock in the company. Her Boaem Friend Talks Judge. Madge This Summer seems to be much cooler than last. Marjorle You must remember, dear, . W - , ..mi'- nit vvActno- mn a n w clothe. WHAT DID THE STATE GET FOB IT I Big Faues Made By Cerener Ore Vice, -With snail Results. Portland, Aug. jt. To the Edi tor.) The Governor's "vice crusade" of last Fall, according to the 1913 laws, page T10. chapter 353. has already cost the taxpayers of this state the follow ing sums: For the payment of tha claim of E. R. Rlngo for salary aa special agent for State of Oregon during September and October. 1812 1 300.00 Por the payment of the clarm of Walter s. Aiher for salary as spe cial agent for State of Oregon during September and October. 1813 230.00 For the payment of the claim of H. M. Baterly for salary and ex peneee ae special agent for State of Oregon during October. 1812... S3S-4S To Philip E. Bauer, like services and expenses during December, 1912.. 117.60 To Philip E. Bauer, salary and ex penses, October and November, lkl. tM To Roscoe P. Hurst, sslary and ex pensea. September to. November 4. 11Z SO0.O0 To H. M. Eaterly. salary and ex- pensea. November 1 to rovember 19. 1H1. To E. R. Rlngo, salary for Novem ber and December, 1912 Z34.ee 300.00 Total appropriated for salaries and expenses of PorUaad vlco cru sade 1S9.52 The regular salaries of the Multno mah County District Attorney's office, according to chapter 343, page 6s(. Laws 1913, amount to 316,400 per an num, engaged almost exclusively in en forcing the criminal laws of the state. The city maintains an extensive legal department, besides the detective and police departments. The county fur ther pays the Sheriff and bis deputies to enforce the criminal laws. I simply submit to the taxpayers that poasibly we didn't get value received for the extra 81969.63 paid for "salaries and expenses" of the Governor's special agents. TYSON KINSELU WORK. NOT FASTIXG, IS REMEDY. Plenty of Exercise and Fresh Air Great Curative- Asieaelew. PORTLAND. Aug. 36. (To the Edi tor.) I cannot let your "fast" editorial go by without a protest. This Na tion's greatness was not built on "a roll and a cup of weak tea" for break fast, nor food in homeopathic doses at any time, and whatever the value of abstinence from food as a means of soul discipline and internal cleansing, the Oriental doctrine of starvation will never develop this Northwestern wilderness. Let me commend to you from per sonal experience the therapeutlo value of bread earned in bodily perspiration For years I had digestive trouble; tried everything I could learn of, and my opportunity for Information was good I followed all the fads o McFadden. dlscipled after Mr. Fletcher, chummed with "Sunny Jim" and his Innumer able proreny of breakfast foods that have made breakfast merely a name used the coffeeless coffees, tried two meals a day, one meal a day and no meals (fasted a week). Was X-rayed for gastric ulcer It wasn't there. The doctor told me to get out and I got irom tne .ast coast to the sunny slope of Mount Hood, and enlisted in the battle of the brush, grew a man's avoirdupois and ate and slept like a numan being. All that Judge McGinn. John D. Rockefeller, or any other citizen with a sore spot in his stomach needs is an acre of brush, a errub-hoa and few months' wrestling with the roots. to grow a man's physique and a man's appetite. The one safe, sure, age-tested specific for all man's physical ills and mental ailments is to get an appetite oy wont ana men ieea It. xours truly, A. T. DRESS PROCLAIMS' OUR CLIMATE We Should Kndeavor to ITphold Claims to Mild Temperature. HILLSBORO. Or.. Aur. 27. (To tha Editor.) I am glad to learn through The Oregonlan that Mayor Sanford, of uioot vzruve, uas snown nis patriot ism and good common "horse sense" in taking the stand with Mayor Albee, of Portland, against the Invasion by the X-ray garments. I hope the matter will be Immediately taken un bv the Governor and every other public of- uciai in tne state or Oregon to sup press the practice of women wearing filmy dresses and men going about in their shirt sleeves in Summer and the wearing of furs and overcoats in Win ter, as such practice is a direct slap at our boasted Oregon climate, which has been heralded as ideal for both a Sum mer and Winter resort the world over. and It becomes doubly difficult to ex plain matters to our Eastern friends who frequently sojourn amonirst us. Not that I consider this practice as having any moral significance. Morals and modesty do not apply to dress. Health, comfort, cleanliness and ex travagance are about the onlv thines to oe considered outside of civic pride. The word modestv has been substituted ior deception as applied to matters of areas. People who are prone to de ceive their fellow creatures in divers ways naturally want to disguise the lines of their bodies by wearing Ill fitting and deceptive forms of dress. and then apply the word modesty to vindicate tneir actions. JANE ELLIS. DECENT COVERING IS REttlTRED Women Should Be Content to Wear Modest Apparel. PORTLAND. Aug. 27. (To the Edi tor.) It makes me positively tired, all this talk about women'a clothes. Mavor Albee has done perfectly right. Why should any decent woman want to wear X-ray dresses and slit skirts? What is our country cominar to? What aoout our future generation? btop and look at some of our vouna: gins on tne streets today. I am young mother with three little chil dren, and I hope to raise them to be decent, upright citizens and a credit to their lather and country. I am be ginning to fear the task before me. Let the lady who is worried about her Fall shopping go ahead and buy wnat is a aecent covering for her body. She knows. MRS. M. R. C. Sheriff Aspirants Discussed. PORTLAND, Aug. 26. (To the Edi tor.) I noticed In The Oregonlan. to day the names of - two men. Ralph Clyde and "Big" Wagnon, who are to run against Tom Word for Sheriff. I don't think they could make a good run, for Wagnon might fall down and break the feathers in his hat and Ralph Clyde Is string-haltered. These I consider are both serious handicaps. WILLIAM ROBERTSON. Harsh Doctrine for Mexico. PORTLAND, Aug. 28. (To the Edi tor.) Isn't It about time for Mr. Con fldental Agent (alias John Lind) to come home? Let both parties In Mexico have all the munitions of war they can pay for. When their number is sufficiently re duced American citizens, well armed, will do the rest. General Scott style. H W. M. Slippery Job, PORTLAND, Aug. 27. (To the Edi tor.) May I bespeak the unfeigned sympathy of your readers, and the prayers of Rev. Mr. McPherson, for President Wilson, who is In plight of the man trying to carry an armful of eels, without losing any of them? URIAH HEAP. Cows That Are Tp To Date. Judge. "Your cows moo in a most peculiar way. The instinct for self-preservation develops animals," remarked the far mer. "Them cows don't want to be run over by the pesky autos, so they are learning to honk'' Twenty-five Year Ag From The Oregonlaa of August 39. 18SS. Washington, Aug. 28. President Cleveland has gone on a three days' fishing trip to the vicinity of Clifton Forge, Blue Ridge Mountains, r- Tacoma. Aug. 28. Attorney-General Metcalt came to Tacoma this evening to meet Governor 6emple and go with him to Roslyn to counsel with tha conflicting parties and assist in a set tlement. , Saratoga, N. Y Aug. IS. The New York Republicans today nominated Warner Miller for Governor. Mr. Eugene Breyman, of Salem, has been in the city seveial day a the guest of his brother, Mr. A. H. Breyman. J. V. Beach, city attorney of East Portland, has returned from Turner station. Mr. and Mrs. D. McAllen have re turned from their bridal tour to the Sound and The Dalles. Louis Barln has disposed of his one fifth Interest in the shooting at Foley's Lake on Sauvies Island to H. W. Cor bett for 32000. J. O. Woodworth has been appointed assistant general freight agent of the O. R. At N. Company. C F. Bwlgert. who has been in Cen tral America in the interest of the Paciflo Bridge Company, is about to return. The Grtsmer combination will ap pear at the new Park Theater next Monday. A party consisting of the follow ing persons will start for Mount Hood Thursday: Mlas Ada Coburn. Miss Amy Adams, Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Murray, and Messrs. L. D. Brandes and H. F. McCIure. Judge E. D. Shattuck has returned from Indiana- Half a Century Ago From Tha Oregoniaa of August 29, 1S03. Philadelphia, Aug. 23. A letter dated on board the flagship Dlnsmore. off Charleston. August 18, says: The attack was commenced day before yesterday morning by the siege guns of General Gilmore. At A. M. Admiral Dahlgren on the Weehawken. with the Ironsides and the entire monitor fleet, attacked Forts Wagner and Gregf,-, completely silencing Wagner and almost silencing Gregg. The seven wooden gunboats also joined in the assault and enabled our shore batteries to pour their shot and shell into Fort Sumpter. At 10 o'clock the Passare and Patapsco pro ceeded to within 1400 yards of Sumpter and shelled the pea walls with marked effect. The walls of Sumpter were badly scarred. Captain John Rogers, of the Catskill, ' and a paymaster were killed instantly by a shot from Fort Wagner. When the Arkansas left on the morn ing of the 19th huge volumes of smoke arose from Fort Sumpter from the burning of cotton. The Presbyterian Church This beau tiful and spacious edifice is approach ing completion and cannot fall to be the chief architectural ornament of our city. About 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon our gallant firemen rushed to the woods west of the city, close to Smith's ranch and Bottle's brewery, where the woods were on fire. The firemen kept the fire confined to its first limits. Theater This evening the thrilling drama of "The Last Man," together with the beautiful and favorite comedy of "The Honeymoon" will be perfomed. Spencer Hall This excellent female school at Mllwaukle will be reopened on September 23. NATURE HAS MADE A WATERWAY. Channel Is Already Partially Fash, loaed Through Wlllapa Harbor. PORTLAND. Aug. 27. (To the Edi tor.) Work was started on the Co lumbia bar In 1884 or 18S5. nearly 29 years ago. In 1895 there were 31 feet on the bar. In 1901 the bar was back to 21 feet, where it was in 1885. It is suggested to make a channel from Tillamook Head to the Colum bia River, with a Jetty outside of Tilla mook Head, in order to avoid the dif ficulties of the Columbia bar which may be still overcome, and again, may not, for many years' to come anyhow.. Nature has already done most of this work on the north side of the mouth of the Columbia River through Willap Harbor, and it would take much less time and expense to connect this natural channel with the Columbia River than to do such an artificial work from Tillamook Head. OBSERVER. Special Features of the Sunday Oregonian Labor, a Giant How machinery has brought enormous increase in productive power Two men are now able to grow wheat to supply over 1000 with bread. A valuable page feature. Manuel and His Heiress There is comedy in this royal romance at which all Europe is laughing. A diverting letter from a Jjresden correspondent, illustrated with uew photos of the young couple. Writing Plays Ten thousand pens are busy writing them. Rich ard Spiliane presents an interest ing illustrated page on plays, their writers, successes and failures. Police, Politics and Vice Theo dore Roosevelt asks "Can police men be honest?" Another chapter in his autobiography. It tells of his work as Police Commissioner in New York City. Flirtations Why some are right and some are wrong is gone into in an attractive article by Rita Reese. In Praise of Marriage A short story, illustrated, by Federick A. Rosman. Auto-Houseboats A brand new and novel arrangement has 'been perfected by a clever Chicago pro fessional man whereby houseboats may be propelled from place to place A page in colors. Tha New Weather Man Charles F. Marvin tells of weather bureau methods and aims. Love a Cause of Trouble Cupid, says a learned professor, is really at the bottom of our economic evils and is the progenitor of capitalism. Scores of other attractive fea tures. Cider today of your news dealer.