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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE HORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20, .1913.
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PORTLAND. WEDNESDAY. AUG. W, 913.
CAN CANNON COMB BACK?
"Uncle Joe" Cannon refuses to be
lieve that he Is politically dead. He
and his associates were knocked flat
on their backs by the election of 1912,
but they are now lifting their heads
with Indications of a purpose to re
sume their standpat attitude. They
may need to be knocked flat again
before they become convinced that the
country will have no more of stand
patters. Mr. Cannon is unable to realize that
new political ideas have taken hold of
the American people; that these Ideas
are being put in practice by new meth
ods, and that the people are employ
ing new men to do the work. The
Cannon idea was to tell the people
about the vast increase In our foreign
trade, our mileage of railroads, our
aggregate payroll, our banking capital
and deposits, our National expenses,
and thereby to work up an audience
into a glow of enthusiasm which would
culminate In his triumphant re-election.
By such means the element of
which Mr. Cannon was the type led the
Republican party to victory again and
again and retained . control of ,the
party in Congress.
But the people have for several
year past shown a growing disposition
to ask Inconvenient questions about
the prosperity on which Mr. Cannon
dilates. They have been analyzing his
Imposing statistics of wealth and have
been asking: "What do I get out of
it." They have been reflecting that
their earnings have not Increased In
anywhere near the proportion that
the National' wealth or the great for
tunes of the rich have increased, while
their living has yearly become more
expensive. Men have come forward to
explain that the increase In wealth Is
being largely absorbed by the overpro
tected manufacturers, the trusts and
the franchise-holders. When attempts
have been made to nominate
men who would lower the
tariff, dissolve the trusts and
compel franchise-holders to ren
der a return for their privileges, or
ganizations controlled by such men as
Mr. Cannon have defeated or attempt,
ed to defeat these candidates. When
measures having the same end have
been introduced in Congress they have
been buried in committees. When
protest has arisen, the action of the
few leaders has been pronounced the
will of the majority, though in fact a
select few imposed their will on the
majority by Judicious distribution of
favors and penalties.
The rank and file of the Republican
party, wherever it could, has smashed
the old machine which gave party
control to the standpatters and has
itself taken control and built new ma
chinery. Where this was Impracticable
it has deserted in such numbers as to
leave the party in a minority. Repub
licans will no longer follow men who
use their power to distribute prosper
ity among a favored few. They are
choosing leaders who will rearrange
masters so that each man shall share
In the National prosperity In propor
tion to his contribution to the total.
The Cannon Idea Is out of date. New
ideas have taken hold of the people.
They demand new methods and new
men to apply them. If the Republican
party Is to regain the confidence of
the Nation it must discard the Can
nons. Reorganization of the part;
under their leadership means contin
ued defeat. Only by putting in con
trol the men of real progressive ideai
can the party re-establish itself. If
the Cannons come back, the party
The Teacher of English whose let
ter is published in another column,
does not really take issue with The
Oregonian. He only seems to do so.
Our whole case is conceded in the fol
lowing words: "Yet it Is an undeniable
truth . that the students leave school
Ignorant of literature and Indifferent
to good books," and he concludes with
the melancholy question: "Can't The
Oregonian, Instead of advising what
books should be read, suggest some
method for making modern youth, in
a great, restless, non-reading age, like
the good books put before it?"
This teacher insists that the high
school offers good books to the pupils.
"As a matter of fact." he says, "the
editorial did not mention a single book
which is not presented in some way
In the English course of the high
schools of this city. Several days are
spent in a discussion of Bunyan's won
derful allegory," and so on. He refers
to an editorial in which we ventured
some remarks upon the failure of the
schools to teach literature adequately.
That they do so fail this teacher does
not seek to deny, and he invokes our
advice and suggestions for reform.
We gladly comply. The reason why
the schools, public and private, usually
make a botch of literature teaching
lies In plain sight. Xo research is re
quired to find it. Every book is taught
with the invariable purpose of produc
ing results that can be exhibited in
a written examination. Written exam
inations are the be-all and end-all of
the literature classes Just as they are
of all other classes. Now the love and
appreciation of books cannot be shown
in a written examination. If it could
It would be marked zero. There are
plenty of teachers who could make
boys and girls read "The Essay on
Man" with appreciation if they dared.
But they do not dare because the ex
amination looms up hideously before
them and mere appreciation means
failure. They must pay so much at
tention to the frills and ' fripperies of
literature that the thing itself slips
away unnoticed. Hence school chil
dren do not always discover why the
great books are great and occasionally
carry away the belief that literature,
like a good many other school sub
jects. Is pretentious humbug;.
For a man of Secretary Lane's as
tuteness he has a lamentable depend
ence on the tonsorial profession. The
story of his ten-dollar shave while en
route to Portland from The Dalles in
dicates that he has become a slave
of the razor-wielding style of story
teller. Or can it be that he was seek
ing inside expert information on a lit
tle of everything under the sun? For,
who knows everything with more cer
tainty than the mower of facial foliage,
and who is more ready to impart this
If the Secretary was seeking knowl
edge, then, of course, his conduct in
telegraphing for a chln-clearlng expert
Is above reproach. But if his sole
aim was to harvest the Lane stubble
crop, then he displays a deplorable
helplessness. Nothing can be more
inconvenient than to. have to depend
on the suave genius of the lather pot.
Centuries of time In the aggregate are
wasted every year by dependent thou
sands who await patiently day after
day for tonsorial ministrations. Fur
ther than that, the gentlemen who
ply the razor do not always Include
sanitation in their wide range of
knowledge. Greek observers used to
comment on this fact, and it was hope
lessly trite when Benjamin Franklin
insisted that no man should expose
himself to the unripe philosophy and
more advanced breath of the average
autocrat of the strop.
Secretary Lane should procure for
himself a razor, learn to guide its
course over his benign if somewhat
hirsute countenance, and thus become
master of his own tonsorial destinies.
RACE PREJUDICE IN PANAMA.
Americans are accused by a writer
In the Paris Temps of incurring the
ill-will of the people of Panama by
their aloofness and their assumption
of superiority. Rated as a Nation of
good mixers, we are accused of fall
ing short in that quarter of the globe.
The assumed superiority is a fall
ing of the Anglo-Saxon in general
when he visits countries inhabited by
a darker race, and it Is at the bottom
of much racial animosity. It began
with the English In India and the
colonies, the fact that the natives were
a conquered race being made an ex
cuse for contempt, or what Is equally
objectionable, condescension. Yet the
native Princes, aristocracy and priests
in India were probably the equals in
culture, good manners and general re
finement of their British conquerors,
though Hindu culture, manners and
literature differed widely from Eng
lish. The same habits were more easily
transplanted to this country because
slavery placed a subject race under
the power of the Southern whites. But
race prejudice went farther and turned
the people of the Pacific Coast against
Chinese and Japanese. It has its roots
In the disposition to treat with con
tempt any race which is strange to us.
It caused the Greeks to call the cul
tured Persians barbarians and it
causes the Chinese to apply the same
term to white men. It Inspires the
attitude of the native American to the
newly arrived Immigrant.
Americans in Panama have no cause
to look, down upon the natives, for
there are many-famlUea. la that coun
try which are their equals In breeding
and education and are of as pure Cau
casian stock. As we shall be perma
nent occupants of the Canal Zone, it
is most desirable that our citizens in
that country should cultivate friendly
relations with the native inhabitants,
but if race prejudice once becomes
fixed in their minds the foundation
will be laid for an endless feud, for it
is proof against reason.
MR. BRYAN'S MEXICAN POLICY.
Although the dispatches from Mex
ico City stating that President Huerta
has sent an ultimatum to the United
States and has handed his passports
to the American Charge d'Affalres are
officially contradicted, the mere fact
that such action should be rumored
in official circles in Mexico City shows
how delicate the situation has become.
This Impression is strengthened by
the statement that in his reply to Mr.
Llnd, Huerta speaks in a scornful tone
of the American suggestions and by
the hurried efforts of leaders in the
United States Senate to suppress dis
cussion of Mexican affairs.
By his policy Secretary Bryan has
put it in the power of Huerta to offer
just such an affront to the United
States as the dispatches, perhaps pre
maturely, described. If, after all, the
Huerta government should be recog
nized by the United States, the circum
stances would give our action the ap
pearance of a backdown. By withhold
ing recognition Mr. Wilson, acting on
Mr. Bryan's advice, gives Huerta the
whip hand. If Huerta rejects the pro
posals made through. Mr. Llnd, as the
tone of his reply indicates to be his
disposition, he will force us to accept
one of two alternatives either to let
Mexico severely alone to manage its
own affairs or to intervene by force
for the establishment of such a gov
ernment as we approve.
If we adopt the former course, we
leare the republic to anarchy and we
afford European powers a good ex
cuse for intervention on their part. If
we adopt the latter course, we Involve
ourselves in a long, costly, inglorious
war; fraught with consequences which
we dread to contemplate. The Amer
ican people do not wish to Intervene;
they don't want Mexico or any part of
it. Some few adventurous soldiers,
some American Investors in Mexico
and some speculators and exploiters
desire Intervention, but the American
people as a whole are opposed to send
ing our Army across the Rio Grande.
But an Insolent reply from Huerta
to our counsels, a summary demand
for recognition, or dismissal of our
representative would so wound the
pride and stir the anger of the Amer
ican people that they might easily
overcome their reluctance and avenge
the insult by force of arms. This would
be the logical outcome of Mr. Bryan's
Chautauqua diplomacy. His prediction
that there would be no war during
his administration of the State De
partment has brought us within sight
of war. The man who proclaims that
he will not fight invites provocation
to a fight, but the man who lets it be
known that he is able to fight and
will fight on occasion Is seldom mo
lested. As with men, so with nations.
Mr. Bryan's oft-proclaimed aversion
for war has encouraged Huerta to
adopt a haughty tone, which may
bring about the very catastrophe which
not only Mr. Bryan but the Nation as
a whole wishes to avert.
The practical as distinguished from
the Chautauqua method or handling
the situation would have saved us from
becoming entangled to such an extent
that it rests with Huerta alone to de
cide whether we shall choose between
letting him alone or fighting him. Had
we recognized any President whom
the Mexicans chose to set up. accord
ing to their own peculiar methods, be
he a murderer or no, there would have
been no pretext for an affront to us
and the possibility of intervention
would have been removed into the re
mote future. But Mr. Bryan chooses
to express his disapproval of the kind
of President the Mexicans set over
them and of their method of selection,
and to recommend to them the Amer
ican method. He makes an offensive
suggestion with no force behind it, for
he has disclaimed the use of force.
Yet force is the only means of suasion
to which the Mexicans will yield.
If Mr. Bryan should muddle us into
a Mexican war, his muddling should
stop at that point. A new Secretary of
State should guide us out of it.
AN ECHO FROM THE PAST.
In the age when the powerful mam
moth had his brief hour of triumph
and then passed on, leaving his history
written in the rocks, it would ' have
seemed that the usefulness of this
massive beast there ended. His car
cass passed into the dust that is the
kin of all flesh, but the ivory tusks
which were his weapons of offense
and defense resisted the encroach
ments of the centuries.
Reports come from Siberia of big
finds of mammoth tusks far Inland by
prowling natives. It also has been
ascertained that these tusks provide
an especially fine variety of ivory, and
so they are coming into demand.
Hence stalking mammoth tusks has
become a new, if primitive, industry
In Siberia, and sledging parties are
seeking far and near for these rare
It is a distinct echo from a forgot
ten age, and that creatures of that
period should prove a boon to the
smaller but more Intricate animals of
the twentieth century Is a strange
freak of circumstance. What will
man leave to the dominating forms of
life that will hold sway over this mun
dane sphere a million years hence?
QCANTRELL'S RAID ANNIVERSARY.
Kansas was but Illy prepared to en
counter the difficulties of the Civil
War. , Although no state of the Union
performed the duties of that trying
period more faithfully or contributed
so many troops in proportion to Its
population, perhaps no other endured
hardships so severe. During the years
preceding the war Kansas had been
racked with Internal dissensions which
now and then broke out into open
bloodshed. The slave-holding Mls
sourians were determined to taint the
state with the hue of their own moral
crime. The colonists from New Eng
land and the Middle West were deter
mined that It should remain free. Both
parties sent armed men to promote
From the North came John Brown,
with his band, and many similar char
acters who decorated strife with texts
from the Bible. From Missouri came
the border ruffians; who, as far as
they were able, dealt with their free-
soil opponents as they were accus
tomed to deal with their negroes. They
were probably the most Inhuman col
lection of thieves, blacklegs and mur
derers who ever emerged from one
professedly civilized community to
harry another. Th;y were the legiti
mate and perfect product of slave
driving and slave politics.
Nature added to the miseries of
Kansas by sending drought and fam
ine at about the time of the outbreak
of the war. Thousands of settlers lost
their all and became objects of charity.
It was almost impossible to collect
taxes to maintain the state govern
ment, to say nothing of arming and
equipping troops for the Federal Ar
mies. Yet this was done by Dorrowing
on the Btrength of a promise from
Washington to repay the money. In
this matter, as in many others, we- see
the pernicious influence of Senator
Lane at work. This curiously selfish
and unprincipled person was chosen
United States Senator early In Govern
or Robinson's term and at once set to
work to amass into his own hands all
the power of the state. To embarrass
the home officials he persuaded the
Federal officials to withhold the mon
ey due to Kansas and, consequently,
In the Summer of 1863 the State Trea
ury was empty and no adequate de
fense could be concerted against the
threatened invasion from Missouri.
This peril had been In large part
worked up by Lane's own conduct.
Although he was destitute of military
ability, he loved to pose as a com
mander of armies and led two or three
petty expeditions which accomplished
nothing but the embitterment of hat
red between the men of the border.
His whole career during the war was
a shame and scandal so egregious that
one is puzzled to understand his influ
ence over Lincoln. The President ex
plained the miracle by saying that
Lane was at his ear every day, while
those who sought to expose his mis
chievous doings were only heard occa
sionally. Kansas was also pestered at that
time by lawless gangs of men who
lived by plunder. No doubt the crop
failures explained their existence in
part just as everlasting poverty ac
counts for brigandage and mafia in
Sicily. But hatred of slavery and its
fruits was also a bond of union among
Borne of them. The most notorious of
these bands was called ' "The Red
Legs," from the red morocco leggings
which they sported. Their headquar
ters were at Lawrence, which was at
that time only a large village. These
ruffians had committed exasperating
outrages in Missouri. Other causes had
contributed to make bad blood between
the men of the border until those on
either side were ready to seize every
opportunity for revenge.
Early In the Summer of 1863 Law
rence had been frightened by rumors
of a threatened raid, and some feeble
preparations had been made to repel
it, but nothing happened for so long
that the fears of the people were lulled
and they ceased their vigilance. When
the raid was finally organized it was
led by "a dull, sullen knave" named
Quantrell, who had been expelled from
Lawrence for his misdeeds. He crossed
the border from Missouri on the morn
ing of August 20, 1863, with 175 men,
who were accomplished riders and
horsethieves, but had none of the qual
ifications of soldiers.
Stationed near the border was one
of those Federal officers who did so
much to increase the horrors of the
Civil War by their stupid Inefficiency.
His name was Captain J. A. Pike. Al
though Quantrell crossed the state line
only five miles from his- headquar
ters. Pike heard nothing of the raid
Even then it was not too late to
have warned Lawrence, but he did
nothing, and Quantrell, reaching the
village next morning at sunrise, took
it completely by surprise. Two scoun
drels whom he sent through the main
street to reconnotter found everybody
fast asleep. Quantrell's 175 heroes
then rode through the town at full
speed, yelling as only Southern slave
drivers knew how to yell and firing
their weapons right and left. They Im
mediately captured the Eldridge
House, a brick dwelling which was the
only defensible building in the village,
and took possession of the hotel, where
Quantrell established his headquarters.
His men were then aent out with or
ders to fire every house and shoot
every man in Lawrence. Resistance
was impossible even after the Inhab
itants were awake, because one of
those wise Mayors who sometimes
play a hand In crises had locked up
all their arms in the arsenal. So the
people were shot down like wild beasts.
When the work of slaughter was fin
ished Quantrell and his followers rode
away on stolen horses toward their
Senator Lane organized a phantom
pursuit with thirty-flye men collect
ed helter skelter and armed with non
descript weapons, but he effected noth
ing. A Federal officer. Major Plumb,
lay near Quantrell's route with 100
troops, but he took counsel of discre
tion and kept his distance. The raid
ers reached home without appreciable
loss. They came for revenge, said
Quantrell, "and they got it." There Is
some consolation in remembering that
several Missouri counties were deso
lated by General Thomas Swing's or
der a little later to make matters
even, but Quantrell himself and his
ruffians were never punished.
Referring to a statement by a New
Zealand editor that in political matters
wives generally align themselves with
their husbands, the Baltimore Sun
Thl. 1. all a ban .lander of the women
of New Zealand. It 1. Incredible that the
emancipated woman In any part of the world
should be .o baaely weak a. to meekly vote
with her husband. What', the use of vot
ing It you .Imply vote as your husband
Why should the Sun assume that
women "meekly" vote with their hus
bands or that they are basely weak
In so doing? Is It not possible that
husband and wife may be of one mind
on politics, or that newly enfranchised
weman chooses the leadership of her
beat friend her husband until she
has thought things out for herself?
Emancipation of Woman does not nec
essarily imply political conflict in the
Cornell is the scene this Summer of
the eighth international students' con
gress at which several countries will
be represented. The young delegates
are the pick of their various flocks and
their association with one another will
promote that mutual good understand
ing which must precede international
peace. Commerce, travel, the exchange
of books, professors and lecturers,
students' congresses and the growth of
credit are all at work to undermine
militarism and some day the horrid
old fortress will fall.
Canada's immigrants present less
difficult problems than ours. Of the
400,000 she received last year 150,000
came from Great Britain and 135.000
from the United States. This is the
kind of immigration we received years
ago, but it has been succeeded by
Poles, Greeks and other peonies of
strange speech and habits. Why do
families of Teutonic and Celtic origin
now shun the United States and seek
by preference Canada, Brazil and the
The Governor of Kentucky is inter
esting himself in the case of Bob Mot
gan, under sentence to hang next
month for killing a girl who refused
his attentions. It is to be hoped Gov
ernor West will resist these appeals.
Perhaps a lesson or two will put a stop
to these killings by possessors of calf
love who let passion override Judg
ment. Life is sweet to the young and
innocent girl and the jealous boor who
wantonly takes it must suffer due pun
ishment. Superintendent Churchill's selections
for school children to commit to mem
ory are admirable. Paul's great chap
ter on charity is especially fit for this
use, but all the select'ons are good.
They are merely to be learned and
loved, not analyzed and parsed. Mr.
Churchill's comments upon the new
course of study are sensible and up-to-date.
They exhibit the ripe fruits of
a born teacher's lifelong experience.
A young woman was short-circuited
in a bathing suit on a Long Island
beach the other day and shocked to
death. Many of the costumes of
bathers are shocking, but this is the
first fatality on record.
Pat Crowe, the kidnaper, has been
ordered out of Washington. Why not
permit him to tarry around in the hope
that he would operate on Bryan?'
A New York murderer quotes poetry
to Justify his act. Inasmuch as it was
not the poets he killed, we fall to see
any logic In the argument.
Women will vote on the recall of a
woman officeholder In California.
That's new-fangled government with a
Trying to walk In a hobble skirt, a
Medford girl sustained a broken arm.
A slit in the skirt would have saved
The small boy must set the alarm
tonight to be able to see the elephant
get off the cars tomorrow morning.
Now that the Bulgars are down and
out, the Turks are becoming chesty
It seems that people who would re
call Sheriff Word find him ready to re
Thaw is at least one American not
wanted in Canada, despite his money.
Land grafters realize quite fully now
that there is a turning in the Lane.
The Pennant Winners have hit their
stride and the fans are with them.
Still the heat continues in the East.
With us it Is but a hazy memory.
Dlggs blames the woman. So did
Adam, but it did not save him.
Why doesn't some one issue an ulti
matum to the Hungry Seven?
And the fire-eaters had their sabers
all buckled on. ,
The time for grapejuice diplomacy
So Cannon must be fired all over
Take the madman back to Mattea-
The South Wind.
The wind greets the plue trees, but
passes them by.
To croon o'er a cradle, "Dear child. I
The shadows grow deeper, but vigil I
And whisper a lullaby, little one,
The West Wind.
The fluttering leaves on thy breast
thy dost bear.
The waves buoyantly leap at thy touch,
the clouds share
Thy wild flight; even so, O West wind,
would I fly
On thy wonderful wings, to thy birth
place on high.
The East Wind.
Though I He in my grave beneath pall
of the snow.
When the wind from the East o'er the
churchyard shall blow.
I know that my pulse will still leap at
And I shall be thrillled by it even In
The North Wind.
All-conquering wind, as thou onward
Exultant and free on thy hurricane
O give strength to our sinews, our
Stir the blood of the Vikings within
us. North wind!
THE! ABSENT STENOGRAPHER.
The business man who has let his
stenographer go off on her vacation
and who tries his hand at manipulating
the typewriter himself for the flrat
time will appreciate the following skit
on the subject, in Life, addressed to the
author's absent stenographer.
With how sad steps. Oh Mayme,, I
cllMB the stair.
And view myy office, nowa lone ly
Oppresxed?, I sit medown at thy tot
cghine To do my corrwspindeNce, once thy
cara. I miss tHeef! not alonl thAt thhoTJ
Butthat thou didst achieve witjh Joy
The kettera thst will drlvenmeMad 1
The tank, that nOw a tppk of strqnge-
even thuss two days. And Two data
And eoUld not conq8er, howso(er I
These d3vollsh keys hav all my Ifforts
While powwer of spwllng Is tome de-
Ahh, donotwalt till all my ppqpera
Com" bazk, coME BQCK agaln,,to
WHAT THEY CALL IT.
Grandma says we're right in style,
A-sittln' In our "automobile."
A-ridin' In our "automo-bill."
Ma, she says we ought to feel
Grateful fer our automo-beel.
Pa says there ain't no other man
Kin run an "auto" like he can.
Auntie preaches near and far
'Bout our lovely "touring-car."
Uncle Bill says he ain't seen
Nowhere such a good "machine."
Brother Jim, he keeps a-braggln'
"Bout the speed of our new "wagon."
But, oh, it sounds so grand and noble
When sister Sue says "automoble."
She had read of a "well-balanced diet,"
This housewife, so earnest and good,
And therefore she thought she would
As soon as she possibly could;
So her next meal In nicest perfection
Was balanced with starches and fat,
But to this dish Jack made strong ob
jection. And Elizabeth didn't like that.
And Tommy ate none of the other.
And therefore repeated the first.
And Jlmmie ate fruit, till his mother
Decided he surely would burst;
So she, who had placed such reliance
On carefulness, found it a waste.
For the children cared nothing for sci
ence. And ate just according to taste.
Street-car clanging e'er attend thee,
Automobile toots befriend thee,
Noisy steampipe slumber lend thee!
Sleep, my pretty one, sleep!
Squalling felines aid thy slumber,
Riveters thy sense encumber.
Whistles soothe thee, any number!
Sleep, my pretty one, sleep!
Huckster's crying lend thee shrillness.
Wagons rattling break the stillness.
Engines guard thee from an illness!
Sleep, my pretty one, sleep!
Should there come a silent minute.
Waken not with wailing in it.
Very soon will they begin it!
Sleep, my pretty one, sleep!
Chicago Inter Ocean,
I used to say when I grew up
I'd be an ashcart man.
And stop at our back door each week
To dump my mother's can.
Then, for a while, it seemed to me
The very grandest thing
To join the town police and have
A great, thick club to swing.
But since I heard the big brass band
On Sunday afternoon,
I've planned to be a music man
Not one that plays a tune;
I choose to be the chap that biffs
And wallops the bass drum.
Gee! but I'll set a pace and keep
The others going some!
New York Times.
You've heard about the hookworm
Thet bothers people some;
Thet makes you wish
Thet you could fish
An' loaf till kingdom come.
An" me, I guess I've got it.
Although there's lots to do
I've got the hook,
I've got the worm.
I've got the hookworm, too!
Douglas Malloch, In American Lum
He used to go to church each week.
Nor missed the Sunday school;
To all the services he' went.
And never broke that rule.
But something happened to this man
Who's been so good that far.
He hasn't been to church since then
He bought a touring car.
He clasped her slender cubiform
In his rectangular embrace:
He gazed on her rbomboidai charm
With passionate, prismatic face.
He stroked her rectilinear locks:
Then, with a sound like prying strips
From off a trapezoidal box.
He kigfed her squarely on the Hps.
-Frederick Moxon in Judge.
TOBACCO SMOKER DEFENDS HABIT.
It Is Great Boon to Maaklad After All.
PORTLAND. Aug. 18. (To the Edi
tor.) The fact is now established be
yond a peradventure that tobacco is
no longer a bane, but a blessing to
mankind. It kills germs. The Ore
gonlan's account of scientific explora
tions removes all doubt.
W old smokers always knew we
were in the right always knew we
were used shamefully had It rubbed
into us -at home and abroad. "Don't
scent the house all up." "Go outdoors
and smoke In the rain if you have to
use the filthy stuff." Barred from the
cars, exiled from the presence ol ladles.
hiding our pipes in our pockets, sneak
ing up the alleys to take a little pull
out or sight the preacher.
Driven from pillar to post, between
the devil and the deep sea! But at last
w have 'em. We are going to have
our clay and get busy for the good of
What's it all about? It's about
germs. Nearly all diseases are due to
germs some with long names, some
with short some that sound good and
some that don't; but bugs, Just bugs,
all of them. And we smokers have set
ourselves to make the great sacrifice
and do a man's share In killing them
off in fact, have been doing so in a
more or less furtive and thankless way
for some time. But now we are going
to assist ourselves come out into the
open organize and launch our cam
paign for the relief of the race.
What's the matter with the old lady
God bless her who writes that some
laboring man smelled so of tobacco on
a car that It made her sick? Why, she
had germs In her system, and the to
bacco got right after them and began
killing them off, and as the dead
germs began to pile up under the tre
mendous and relentless attacks of old
King Nicotine, her system could not
eliminate the struggling horde as fast
a they were slain, and so she is upset
grows faint feels nauseated shows
plainly that something has happened
to her, and jumps to the conclusion that
the old pipe is to blame, when, as a
matter of fact, if she had snuggled up
to the aforesaid laborer and inhaled
king draughts of the disinfectant for
the distance of two mires at average
Portland speed she would have been
entirely cured and be a happy, healthy
But such Is life. No physician is
loved for pumping germicides Into us.
and people don t like to take them,
though they kriow they are for their
good. And so with us old smokers.
We don't expect to be understood in
our efforts to disinfect the streetcars,
the streets of our city and our homes,
when and while we are forced to go
about our daily toil and spend our
hours of relaxation with these non
smokers who are actually dangerous to
associate with, on account of not hav
ing their systems regularly and syste
What would an old smoker think of
going a whole week or a month with
out hitting up his old pipe or cigar
and rousting them out? And yet there
are people who never allow a germ in
their system to be killed, and write
ugly letters to the newspapers and pass
drastic laws to prevent those of us who
have the good of society at heart from
fumigating them. SMOKER.
INTEREST WANES IN GOOD BOOKS
How to Get PnplU to Read Theam Pus
PORTLAND, Aug. 19. (To the Ed
itor.) To one who has only a slight
knowledge of the schools of the city
the editorial of last Saturday would in
deed be misleading, because It gave
the impression that su;b books as
Bacon's Essays, Pope's Essay on Man
and Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress were
not used, nuy, were positively avoided,
in our school course as being too heavy
for modern youth. As a matter of fact
the editorial did not mention a single
book which is not presented in some
way in the English course of the high
schools of this city. Several days are
spent In a discussion of Bunyan's won
derful allegory, and, to be sure that the
class may not be hindered by lack of
text books, there are 25 copies of PI I
grlm's Progress in the library of one
high school alone.
I suppose no phase of school work
has received more attention than this
choice of English classics to be read in
the public schools, for it is necessary
not only to choose what is best, but
what is fitting the age and understand
ing of the pupils. The greatest edu
cators have studied this problem, and
the merest glance at the syllabus of the
Portland high-school course will show
that the sturdiest, finest books of all
ages are taught in our public schools.
Yet it is an undeniable truth that
students leave school Ignorant of lit
erature and Indifferent to good books.
Realizing that teachers have been busy
for years past inventing ingenious
schemes to overcome the dltficulty.
The method of presenting literature
has changed and an appreciation of
what is fine in the spirit or of interest
to the student is now much more the
aim than a knowledge of the facts
therein contained. Any plan that win
stimulate interest is welcomed. The
public library co-operates with the
schools in every possible way, placing
rows of attractive books near tne cen
tral desk, that the student may be
"baited" while passing in and out. A
skillful Instructor will make frequent
and seemingly casual references to
good books; will place them, like East
er eggs, in inconspicuous places about
the school room, or will, perhaps, read
an interesting passage, taking care to
stop, like the serial stories, "Just In
the most exciting place." And all this
in hopes that the Intellectual curiosity
of a few may be aroused.
Thus we have the good books and
we have good children for really isn't
the quality of the latter about as good
as ever? But how to make these two
benefactors acquainted, this is the
problem. Can't The Oregonian, instead
of advising what books should be read,
suggest some method for making mod
ern youth, in a great restless, non
reading age, like the good books put
before It? A TEACHER OF ENGLISH.
RALLIES TO DEFENSE OF BACON.
Country Style la Far Superior Persists
PORTLAND, Aug. 19. (To the Edi
tor.) "There is no accounting for
taste." as the old woman said when
she kissed the cow; and this may bs
the reason why some folks prefer em
balmed bacon from the city to the old
time dry salt oak smoked article, having-
that rich, delicate taste that makes
a fellow thankful for the room he has
Inside of him.
"Does country bacon ever become
strong " it is asked? Certainly It does;
so do the best butter, eggs, cheese and
the finest fruits.
If a square of good country-cured
bacon Is cooked, from 10 o'clock till
noon, with a pot of green beans, about
this time of year, it comes out plump,
sweet and rich. If a similar chunk of
"city bacon" Is cooked in the same
way it comes out looking like a cork
screw, with a taste to match Its looks.
However, not every farmer who tries
makes good bacon. Some burn It up
with salt, not knowing how and when
to change and treat the meat in the
process of curing.
But It la a poor process. Indeed, that
Is not better than selling the dreBsed
bog to the city for a little ready cash
and then later on buying back the
same meat, paying transportation both
ways, to and from the city, with a
profit to two or three middlemen who
handle it in the meantime. The sug
gestion that "pickled pork might be
converted into good bacon" will, most
likely, make the old pioneer from Illi
nois or Missouri who knows smile
complacently. C E. CLINE.
Twenty-five Yean Ag9
Prom The Oregonian of Aanm 30, 18S8.
Seattle, Aug. 19 Chief Ju.tice R. A.
Jones, of the Supreme Court of the
Territory, died this morning, aged .8
Seattle. Aug. 19. The Ingrahum
party reached the summit of Mount
Rainier last Tuesday noon. The seven
members of the party who reached the
summit are: John Muir, the famous
traveler; P. B. Van Trams, the well
known guide: D. W. Bass, A. C. -Warner,
N. O. Booth and Charles Piper.
Mr. Shangle, of East Portland, and
Mr. Cameron, of Albany, ran a 60-yard
footrace at Riverside yesterday. Mr.
Cameron won and Mr. Shangle and his
backers lost 3500 or 1600.
D. F. Sherman, cashier of the Oregon
National Bank, yesterday received a
dispatch from George B. Markle, Jr
dated Hazelton, Pa. stating that his
father died at that place Saturday
Judge William F. Trimble passed
peacefully away yesterday morning at
his residence. No. 11 North Ninth street.
Free Bath House Project. This
highly commendable enterprise bids
fair to be completed In time for use
this season. T. A. Stephens will start
out this morning with the subscription
The party which went to Mount Hood
to attempt heltographic signalling re
turned without having achieved suc
sess. In members are: Lieutenant J.
P. O'Neill, U. S. A.: M. W. Gorman, H.
Beachy and E. Caesar.
A few days ago articles of incorpora
tion were filed at Astoria of the As
toria & South Coast Railroad Company.
The incorporators are: M. J. Kinney.
M. W. Parker. E. A. Noyes, M. C Cros
by, H. B. Parker, James Taylor and J.
W. Conn. The corporation proposes to
construct a railroad from Astoria to
the head of navigation on Tillamook
Bay and to Fort Stevens.
The biennial state convention of the
Ancient Order of Hibernians convened
in A. O. H. Hall Saturday evening and
passed resolutions sympathizing with
Parnell and Gladstone in their efforts
for home rule. The officers elected
were J. J. Byrne. Portland, state dele
gate; Thomas Dealey, Astoria, state
secretary; James Baldwin, The Dalles,
ROYAL DEATH-SECRETS EXPOSED.
New Book Will Explode Strange Dla-
apafan.ee f Bavariaat King.
London Cor. New York Tribune.
The secrets of the bavarian court and
of one of the most mysterious and ro
mantic dynasties in Europe are about
to be revealed, according to the prom
ise of Eveleigh Nash, the London pub
lisher. The Countess Larisch's me
moirs produced a tremendous sensa
tion in Europe and are now about to
be followed by more disclosures.
A representative of Mr. Nash is soon
to leave for the Continent for a few
weeks' stay in a secluded spot with the
Countess Larisch and an ex-chamberlain
of the Bavarian court, now ban
ished from his country. It is under
stood that this chamberlain has pos
session of some 140 letters, all bearing
directly on the tragic and weird death
of Ludwlg IL in beautiful Lake S tarn
berg. "Was Ludwlg mad? Why, yes, as his
tory has already set him down, but
he was not so mad as to allow himself
to be drowned." Is the statement of the
The promised documents will reveal
that a plot was set on foot by Ludwlg
against Austria, ha being a: that tin e
in the control of the Jesuits. Wbtn
the cabal of intrigues was foiled and
the tacts became known among the
secret councils of Europe the pictur
esque and romantic figure of Ludwlg
deliberately disappeared. It was a case
It is said that the book will tear
away the veil heretofore shrouding one
of the most interesting and pathetic,
and at the same time dramatic series
of events that ever happened in that
exquisite and strange land at the loot
of the Bavarian Alps.
HUMAN NATURE AWRY IN MEXICO
Straighteminar Out of Tangle Is Held
aa Immense Problem.
EUGENE, Or Aug. 18. (To the Ed
itor.) The trouble to the south es
stated by one of your correspondents,
don't seem to be based on definite prin
ciples of politics or government, but
as far as reports would indicate on?
clashes of personal ambition of leaders
or class hatred or antagonism. And
yet we cannot but believe that there
are deep working causes beneath the
ferment of unrest and disorder. Mex
ico is evidently trying to find means
for its expression on lines perhaps
heretofore beyond Its capacity. Force
has been the main controlling motive
In such people. They cannot act in
mass without a master, this being un
like the Anglo-Saxon who seeks a def
inite rule of action, first, a government
of laws, not men. This seems to be
inconceivable to the Latin. He is, in
fact, more of an Oriental. Hence
whether the laws can be adapted to the
Anglo-Saxon or Teutonic basis is doubt
ful. The feelings or emotional qualities
are the basic element of the civilization
of a people more than the intellectual.
The latter are the more superficial and
temporary. To reconstruct a race's
Ideals and emotional nature is a job
too large for one age or party, but that
it has been possible has been seen in
the past, and the time may be ripe for
some such change or development In
the lands mentioned. There is perhaps
no more interesting field from the
standpoint of romance, adventure and
mystery. J. DORNER.
His Teeth Were Always False.
Versailles, Ky, Dispatch to N. Y. World.
George Morley, a farmer living near
here, is 70 years old, but has never had
any teeth of his own, except false ones.
When, as a baby, he didn't develop
teeth, his mother wondered why. Years
passed and he was still toothless. Phy
sicians called In to examine him de
clared that he would never have nat
ural teeth, so, resigned to his fate, ha
went to a dentist and had two sets of
The Power of
When people used to talk about
"the power of the press" they re
ferred to the tremendous power
possessed by newspapers in influ
encing public opinion. That power
still exists and exerts its influence
food or bad. as the case may be,
epending upon the principles and
policies of each particular publica
tion. But newspapers wield anotner
great influence upon th public
mind. It is the far-reaching effect
of advertising. Just read carefully
through the advertising columns of
The Oregonian today with this
thought in mind, and then contem
plate how Intimately this advertis
ing news affects the daily lives of
readers and you will have at least
some Idea of the advertising power
of the press.
The news columns tell people
what they need to know about the
vents of the day. The advertising
columns furnish facta that are In
valuable to the conduct of their
daily Uvea information of which
every thoughtful reader takes advantage.