4M VOL. L.III. NO. 16,442. PORTLAND, OREGON, AVEDXESDAY. AUGUST 6, 1913. PRICE FIVE CENTS. HOURS AND WAGES OF GIRLS ARE FIXED Oregon Again Leads in Laws for Employes INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION ACTS Female Workers Under 18 to Quit Before 6 P. M. . LOWEST PAY IS $1 A DAY Ruling Does Not Apply to Domestic Service Day of 8 Hours and '0 Minutes Is Maximum Em ploycrs Get One Concession. It will be unlawful in Oregon to em ploy a girl under 18 years of age for more than eight hours and- 20 minutes a day. or BO hours a week, after Octo ber 4, 1913. It will also be unlawful to keep a girl under 18 employed after 6 P. SI., or to pay a girl from 16. to 18 lesn than II a day, except In the cases of ap prentices and learners. Such was the first ruling of the Ore gon Industrial Welfare Commission. The Commission was organized last June under the law enacted by the last Oregon Legislature, which provides that the ruling shall take effect 60 days after Its adoption. The ruling is the first instance of compulsory minimum wage legislation in the United States. Massachusetts has a minimum wage law, which Is not compulsory. California and Washington have minimum wage laws, modeled after Oregon's, and Wisconsin and Min nesota now have similar laws, but the commissioners of these states were slower in getting into action than the Oregon Commission. Penalties Are Provided. : The law provides that any employer who shall violate the ruling of the Commission shall be subject to a fine of not less than $25, nor more than $100, or imprisonment In the county jail for. not less than ten days, nor more than three months, or both fine and Imprisonment, for each offense. The ruling applies to girls employed in virtually every capacity except that of domestic service. Jt includes re tail and wholesale stores, telephone ex changes, telegraph offices, hotels, . res- . taurants, laundries and factories. For the reason that male minors are employed at such a diversity of work and under conditions different from those . under which girls work, the Com mission did not Include them in its ruling. After further investigation the Commission will submit its recom mendations to another public hearing. as was done yesterday, and issue a ruling applying to them. Two Procedures Differ. The procedure of the Industrial Wel fare Commission in regard to minor workers, or those under IS, differs from Its dealings with adult workers in that no conference is called to consider the case of the minors. The Commission makes Its own investigations, decides on its recommendations, submits them to a public hearing, at which the is sues 'involved are open for discussion from all angles, and then renders its ruling. In dealing with the cases of adult -women - workers for adult male workers are not Included in the scope of the Commission the Commission calls a. conference, the recommenda tions of which It may accept or reject, but -which in their final form it sub mits to a public hearing before mak ing its ruling. The recommendation of the Commis sion, as submitted yesterday, was for an eight-hour day. or 48 hours a week for girl workers under 18. Employer Asks Concession. Rev. Father O'Hara. chairman of the Commission, presided, and when he asked for expressions from the repre sentatives of the various industries.1 SV. P. Olds, of Olds, Wortman & King's , department store, said that a little 1 more than eight hours was needed, and . asked for eight hours and 15 minutes. "We employ 800 women', and only 64 niinors. including boys and girls," said Mr. Olds. "We have tried to arrange our day's work so that the public will " be best accommodated during the luncheon period, and so that the em ployes may get streetcars for home be fore the evening rush. We open at 8:30 and close at 5:30, with three-quarters of an hour for lunch." Chairman O'Hara asked if Mr. Olds desired that minors should work eight and a quarter hours. "Yes," said Mr. Olds, "and we believe that in comparison to other lines of work in which longer hours have been established manufacturing. with a nine-hour lay this Is reasonable. Con ditions are much better in the stores than they are in the factories, and the work is less fatiguing." Six oCIock Rnllna; Kavored. Mr. Olds said he ha-d no objection to the recommendation that the girls should not be employed after 6 o'clock as the ruling would apply. to all stores. "This question of having the day long enough so that we can give our patrons proper service st noon is one in which we are most concerned," he said. Neither had the department stores any objection to paying girls between 18 and 18 a minimum wage of $1 a day, vhe said, as that wage Is already paid. frE. Boenlng. district commercial su- (.Concluded -Pjt 3. FIREBOAT FAILS AT WATERFRONT BLAZE CAMPBELL. FALLS DOWX THIRD TIME WITHIN' TWO WEEKS. Vessel Shows Grace and Speed bat Appears Unable to liaise Stream When Flames Break. Portland's new $125,000 fireboat, the David Campbell, was tried and found wanting again last night for the third time within two weeks. Fire broke out in the plant of the Western Mantle Works at 28 Front street at 9:30 last night. Two alarms were turned in, and the David Camp bell responded by running up to the dock in the rear of the building In which the fire was located, about 175 feet from the waterfront. The David Campbell remained in this position a strategic one as long as the fire did not become general, in which case she would have been in grave peril for about 30 minutes, during which time she was utterly unable to "raise the vacuum," which Is the tech nical way of saying that she didn't throw any water. However, the Campbell proved her ability to take care of herself, even under the most humiliating circum stances, by gracefully steaming out into the river after the fire had been subdued by the engines. Those who watched the perform ance last night declare the new fire boat is in no danger from destruction from any fire that does not originate In her own hold. The fire started last night in the second story of the two-story, brick building occupied by the gas mantle factory. It Is thought from combustion of acids used in the preparation of the mantles. The building occupied by the Good man Brothers Shoe Company,- 30-32 Front street, caught from the roof and some damage was done in a gar ret room. The loss on this building and its stock, mainly due to the wet ting, is estimated at about $1000. The damage to the building occupied by the Western Mantle Works is about $700, with an additional loss, of sev eral hundred dollars on the equipment. CITY EMPLOYES LOSE JOBS Workers In Engineering and Water Departments Are Dropped. Following announcement yesterday by City Commissioner deck that the number of employes of the City En gineering Department Is to be mate rially reduced, four employes of the Street Extension ... Department were notified that they'would bo dropped from the service within the next few days. The four are Martin E.-Haus- mann, Minnie Wohlers and E. I Vin ton, clerks, and Wilhelmina L. Lind hard, stenographer. The cause given for their; removal Is lack of funds in the department, shortage of work and a change in the methods of transacting the business. Commissioner . Dieck said yesterday that other changes would be made. A change in the Water Department will r.esult in the dismissal of probably 30 employes this morning. The office force of the Water De partment now numbers 47. It is said a plan has been worked out whereby the number can be reduced to 14. DOCK DANCE FLOORS URGED Business Men's Club Wants City to Use Space for Fun. Dancing on the roofs of the docks which the Dock Commission will con struct, dancing on a concrete floor 550x200 feet, tand concerts and other entertainments are some of the things which the executive committee of the East Side Business Men's Club pro poses and which are being urged upon the Dock Commission and the City Commissioners. Plans for utilizing tht roofs of the' docks were outlined -at a meeting yesterday. The executive committee of the Busi ness Men's Club favors dances under municipal auspices, holding that no floor is so ideal for proper worship of the Goddess Terpsichore as a con crete floor. The roofs are part of the plans and specifications of the new nocks, and to date no suggestions other than this have been put forward for making use of the space they will oc cupy. It is argued that the river front also is ideal for band concerts. CHURCH GETS BIG LEGACY Walla Walla Man Leaves $5 to AYIdow, $10,000 to Keliglous Aid. WALLA WALLA. Wash., Aug. 6. (Special.) The will of Campbell Rob inson, who died last week In Seattle while on a visit from Walla Walla, was filed here today. Ttobinson leaves 10,000 to the First Baptist Church, $5 each .to his widow and F. V.. C. D. and Samuel E., three sons. A life interest In his town home Is given to another daughter, Lillie M., and the rest of the estate goes to Harry H. Robinson and Myrtle Robin son, the two youngest children. 23 CONVICTS BAPTIZED Laundry Tank Utilized by Those Who Prefer Immersion. LANSING; Kan., Aug. 6. While scores of their fellows stood about witnessing the ceremony. 23- convicts at" the State Prison here were baptized in the prison laundry Sunday after noon. Thirteen of the converts were women. A week ago. Sunday 10 prisoners were baptised by sprinkling. Last Sunday, however, a huge tank in the laundry was utilised and the converts were immersed. HUERTA REITERATES 'HANDS OFF!' POLICY No Compromise Will Be Considered. RESIGNATION NOT COMING Land's Mission as Mediator Held to Be Gratuitous. ENVOY MAY BE IGNORED Official High in Mexican Life Says People Will Resent Interfer ence Exciting Reception Is Not Impossible. MEXICO CITY,. Aug. 5. President Huerta tonight reiterated the declara tion of his policy of "hands off" in re ply to a question as to what would be his attitude In case an offer of media tion should be made by the United States through John Lind, who is com ing here as the personal representative of President Wilson, to act as adviser to the American embassy. "I have said publicly," President Huerta declared, "that I will not ac cept mediation, or intervention of any kind, because national dignity and honor do not allow it. .1 have .de clared also that I will not treat with the rebels, and much less will I do so if doing so involves a flagrant viola tion of our sovereignty. "All should be joined in the bonds of peace, rejecting all suggestions of a violation of a sovereign and insult that may be offered to our national dig nity." Huerta Wilt ot Resign. Personal friends of President Huerta. who appear to enjoy his confidence, vigorously assert that he will not con sider resigning or any compromise with the rebels. They say they would regard as gratuitous the sending of a representative here by ; the United States with the announcement that he is intended ultimately to be, Ambassa dor, but whose primary mission is to act as mediator. They insist that if the United States is sincere in its de sire to restore peace, the most prac ticable means to this .end would be the recognition of the Huerta government. That any suggestion by Mr. Lind or any' other foreigner that President Huerta. shall resign in favor of a pro visional President or that a compro mise be effected with the rebels would be regarded as unfriendly interference and would be resented by the govern ment, was the comment of one man high in official life today. He added that mediation from the outside was out of the question. As simply a personal representative of President Wilson, this man con- (Concluded on Page 3.1 THEM THAT 1... .............. TTT........T.......,i, T , . ............... . . I INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS The Weather. YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, SI degrees; minimum, 1 degrees. TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds. I'oreijcn. Huerta reiterates his "hands off policy. Pagre a. Balkan conference ignores note of Ameri can State Department. Page 4. National. Democrats' more widely split than ever over currency bill. Page 1. - -Secretary Houston says United States meat supply is ao per cent short. Page 2. Democrats put on full speed In Senate' in discussion of tariff bill. Page 2. Letter In lobby hearing pokes fun at Bryan - simplicity. Page 2- "" Domestic. French poetess, on trial for murder of priest, said, to be notoriety seeker. Page 3. Maury I. Diggs defeated In effort to obtain change of venue. Page 1. Catholic vereln condemns hymn "America" as un-American. Page 1. Mrs. Henry Hutt, divorced wife of artist, to re-enter society. Page 4. Armed deputies to guard mines at Calumet, Mich. Pare 3.. Robbers handcuff mail clerks and carry away registered packages. Page 3. Prominent New Yorker was in car night of Hanan jewel - robbery. Page U. ' Sport. Coast League results: Portland 2, Venice 1; Los Angeles Oakland 1; no Sacramento-San Francisco game. Page tf. Northwestern League results: Portland 2, Spokane 1; Tacoma 4, Vancouver 3 (16 innings);-Victoria 6, Seattle 0. Page 6. Willie Ritchie to fight Freddie Welsh at Vancouver, B. C., September 1. Page 6. West meets East in tennis play at Chicago today. Page 7- Rodgers now tatting .571. Page 7. Pacific Northwest. Novice counterfeiter Jailed at Albany. Page 5. Accused man at Dallas says mother-in-law accidentally slain by husband. Page 12. Three new faculty members appointed at Oregon. Page 5. Coos County officials welcome inquiry by Governor. Page 5. Lawyers predict tangles in state printing business. Page J, 2. Commercial and Marine. American apple crop will be much less than last year's. Page 17. Wheat drops at Chicago on estimate of record yield. Page 17, Sharp rise In stocks and better demand for bonds. Page 17. Man jumps from deck of liner and dies in rrver. Page 16, : Portland aad Vicinity. McMinnvllle enters ranks of fresh-air towns. Page IS. -Industrial commission fixes wages and max imum hours for girls. Page L Howard Elliott says he will continue to boost for Northwest. - Page 10. Jim Casey again in City J all. Page 10. Auto speeder sentenced to rock pile for five days. Page 12. Glrls, home from school, being entertained by younger set. Page 10. W. S. Dun i way. State Printer, dies sud- denlj Page 9. David Com p be 11 again fails at waterfront fire. Page 1. Beefsteak substituted for bearsteak at Press Club- dinner. Page 12. Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13. BIG CAT ATTACKS CHILDREN Leopard, Kseape l-'rom Circus, Kills Dog and Hides From Fosse. RED LAKE FALLS, Minn.. Aug. 5. A leopard, which has been at large since escaping from a' circus at Crookston several weeks ago, attacked the two children of William .Wageman at his farmhouse' near "here today. The lives of the children were saved by the fam ily dog, a Scotch collie, which charged the" animal, diverting-its attention while the children escaped Into the house. After it had killed the dog, the leopard escaped into a cornfield. This afternoon, more than 100 citi zens, including business men and farm ers, organized to participate In a sys tematic hunt for the animal. HAS TROUBLES AND HIM THAT HASN'T. DIGGS PLEADS If VAItl FOR CHANGE Trial in Sacramento Not Permitted CONTENTION IS GUT SHORT Judge Says Delay of Year Would Be Result. GIRLS NOT IN COURTROOM Beginning Made In Selection of Jury to Try Young Man Accused of Violation or Federal White Slave Act. SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 5. (Special.) Strenuous attempts on the part of the defense to have the trial of Maury I. Diggs. ex-State Architect, accused of violating the Mann white slave act, transferred to Sacramento, were frus trated today when Judge Van Fleet, sitting in the first division of the United States District Court, denied the motion of Attorney Marshall Wood worth, for the defense, for a change of venue. Immediately following the denial of Woodworth's motion, the impanelment of the jury was begun. Only 27 names remained out f the 100 summoned on the regular term venire, all the others having been excused either for the whole or a portion of the three months term. . When court adjourned at noon the box was filled with 12 of the 27 men remaining on the panel, not one of whom had been passed. Mfliy Veniremen. Excused. More than an hour of the morning session was consumed with the hear ing of excuses by the veniremen, scores of whom were excused on ac count of interference with business, family Illness, official connection with the United States Government and other reasons. .. .. ' After the hearing if excuses.. Attor ney Woodworth move'.J that the trial of Diggs be transferred to Sacramento, reading a lengthy affidavit made by Diggs in support of his motion. The affidavit set forth that the de fendant invoked his constitutional right to be tried where the alleged of fense was charged in the indictment to have- been committed. It said that Dlgg's home, relatives and friends were all in Sacramento and that it would ser iously hinder and embarrass his de fense to try htm in San Francisco. Diggs Has 30 Witnesses. r The affidavit said that Diggs had 2 witnesses in his behalf from Sacra mento and ten from Reno. He pleaded inability to pay the cost of transporta- (Continued on Page 12.) VEREIN CONDEMNS ANTHEM "AMERICA" XATIOXAL HTMX DECLARED TO BELIE ITS NAME. 'Land of Pilgrim's Pride" Said to Recall Bigotry, Blue Laws and Witch Burning. BUFFALO, N. Y., Aug. 5. (Special.) The German Roman Catholic Cen tral Vereln today added a resolution condemning the song "America" as 'un- American and indorsing the "Star Spangled Banner" as the National an them. The resolution was introduced by Paul Prodoehl, of Baltimore, chair man of the committee on marking his torical points, appointed by the Mayor of that city. The hymn "America,' " said Mr. Prodoehl, "Is an imposition on the American public. Far from embodying the lofty sentiments that are expressed n the Declaration of Independence and in the genius of our Constitution, it is repugnant to American ideals. "In the first place, it is sung to the tune of -God, Save the King,' the Brit lsh National anthem, a country against which we fought two wars one for Independence and the other to main tain it. "In the second place. America, the land of civic and religious liberty, is identified with the 'Land of the Fir grims" Pride,' the land of bigotry and intolerance, of blue laws, witch-burn ing and persecution. Such a song can not be regarded as the American Na tional anthem." CATTLE RUSH TO MARKET Drouth In Middle West Forces Prices Down in Kansas City. KANSAS CITY," Mo., Aug. 5. The in rush of cattle to the Kansas City stock yards from dry sections of Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Missouri, which began in earnest yesterday, when 30, 000 head were unloaded, continued to day, with the- receipt of 16,000 more For the two days of this week 46,000 cattle have been received 20,000 more than Monday and Tuesday of last week and nearly twice as many as were re ceived at the Chicago stockyards yes terday and today. Prices were 15 to 25 cents a hundred lower than yester day, making a drop of 50 cents to $1.25 a hundred in the last ten days. Commission men said letters and telegrams from the stockraising dis tricts were gloomy and indicated that unless rain came soon, the flooding of the local cattle market would be con tinued. "LAZY" POLITICIAN IS HELD Washington Democrat Is Arrested for Deserting His Family. SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 5. (Special.) Louis R. Redford, ' secretary-treasurer of the Young Men's State Democratic League of Washington, candidate for the wardenshlp of the Federal peni tentiary and for years prominent in the councils of the Pierce County Dem ocratic party, was arrested by Deputy Sheriff John W. Roberts today as a lazy husband. Bail was fixed at $1000. ine iormai complaint, which was drawn up by Deputy Prosecuting At torney Steele, recites that two months ago Bedford deserted Mrs. Iva Bed ford, his wife, and four children. Nel son, 10 years old; Freda, 9; Tennock, 8, and Beldpn Bedford, 6. . Mrs. Dorothy Lee, mother of Mrs. Bedford, ' is named as the prosecuting witness. TRAIN HITS GILTNER AUTO Portland Attorney, Wife and Two Friends Have Xarrow Escape. EUGENE. Or.. Aug. 5. Attorney Giltner and wife and two friends, all of Portland, had a narrow and thrilling escape in the outskirts of this city to night, when, in crossing the Southern Pacific track, their automobile skidded and came to a standstill, facing an on coming freight train. -The occupants leaped from the ma chine before the train struck the au tomohile. The machine was carried more than 100 feet and badly damaged before the train could be brought to a stop. None of the party was injured. LIGHTNING DOESN'T WAKEN . Sleeper Dreams on Amid AVreckage " of Demolished Bed. LA CROSSE, Wis., Aug. 5. George R. Barber, well-to-do Mindoro business man. is a sound sleeper.. Last night there was a terrific storm at Mindoro, 15 miles above here, and a bolt of lightning struck the room In which Barber was sleeping, tearing the plas ter from the walls and splintering the bed on which he lay. The landlady rushed to his room, ex pecting to find him dead, but found him sleeping and uninjured. When awakened he complained of unpleasant dreams. . GARRISON TROOPS LOSE Government Administration Re-Established In Chin Kiang. SHANGHAI, Aug. 5. Northern troops,, under command of General Hsu. inflicted a severe defeat on the Chin Kiang garrison yesterday. Terms were then made with General Hsu for the re-establishment of the government ad ministration In the town. Late last night, finding the northerners occupy ing positions on the Chin Klatig side of the ChangtBe River, the garrison attacked the northerners. Two bun dred northerners were killed. ' DEMOCRATIC RIFT N CURRENCY WIDE Bill Goes to Caucus in Face of Protests FIGHT WILL BE CONTINUED Savings and Trust Amendment to Be Opposed. OPEN CAUCUS DEMANDED While House Members Dispute Over Provisions, Senators Also Have - Passage at Arms Over Proposed Legislation. WASHINGTON. Aug. 5. The Admin istration currency bill, still further amended In important particulars, emerged from the Democratic confer ence of the House banking and cur rency committee today over the pro tests of Representatives Neely. of Kan sas; Eagle, of Texas, and Ragsdale, of South Carolina. At the end of a lively session, - in which the Democratic objectors prom ised to carry their fight to the floor of the caucus next Monday, the Glass bill was approved by a vote of 11 to 3. Earlier In the day President Wilson's currency programme had come in for open criticism in the Senate. Senator Hitchcock, Democratic member of the currency committee of that body, in a speech directed against the plan for currency reform at this session, said he believed "the mere agitation of the banking and currency question at this session has been a mistake." Party Difference Unsettled. The differences among Democrats of the' House committee were not settled by final action on the bill. Besides the three who voted against it. Representa tive Wingo, of. Arkansas, expressly said that he would fight for amendments to the measure in the caucus. "At the last moment and without a.y prevlou f consideration." said Repre sentative" Neely in a statement tonight, "a motion was passed authorizing the chairman to draft an amendment to the bill authorizing National banks to or ganize and operate both savings and trust departments in conjunction with the other features of the banks. "This Is an entirely new provision, exceedingly radical in the changes wrought in any considered portion of the bill, and tends to centralization of power to a high degree. It certainly should never have been adopted with out careful consideration." Open CaotniH Demanded. Notice was served on Chairman Glass today that an attempt would be made by the opposing Democrats to have the caucus Monday thrown open to the pub lic It is understood to be their desire to bring out open discussion on the amendments defeated in the commit tee for the legalizing of corn, wheat and cotton warehouse . receipts S3 the basis for circulating notes. ' The savings bank and trust company agreement proposed by Representative Bulkeley was adopted by a vote of 10 to 4, and Representative Neely's mo tion to recommend an open caucus and Representative Wlngo's amendment to prohibit interlocking banking direc torates were defeated by similar votes. In each of these contests. Represen tatives Neely, Ragsdale, Eagle and Wlngo voted against the other Demo crats. The currency bill probably will not be passed, on by the Republican mem bers of the House committee until after It has gone ' through the Democratic caucus. Hitchcock Denies Benefit. Senator Hitchcock, in' the course ot his address in the Senate, said: "It is utterly out of the question to use this bill as an emergency measure, because it will take at least a year of organization to put it into effect after its passage. Those who think we can pass it in one week and that on the following week the country will have $500,000,000 of additional currency, with easy credit, are woefully mis taken." "Advocates of this bill at- this time evidently go on the theory that if a business disturbance is to result from a passage of the tariff bill it can be cured by creating a banking disturb ance to last a year or more." He suggested that the Vreeland act to meet emergencies should be amended, but "that we should not un dertake to revolutionize our whole banking and currency system in pell mell haste, which advocates demand." Owen Ruled Out of Order. Senator Owen expressed ' surprise at Senator Hitchcock's attitude of urging delay "without giving a single reason for his course." "The bill presented," he added, "con tains no new ideas. Every idea in 1 is as old as. the hills." He had begun to' speak of the ap proval of the bill by Professor Charles J. Muller, of Harvard University, when, on Senator Hoke Smith's mo tion, the Vice-President ruled him out of order. Democratic leaders were stirred by the clash. Later, Senator Owen se cured consent to read a letter from Professor Charles J. Bullock, of Har vard, commending the general plan of the bill, and made a short speech for Immediate legislation, which Senator Myers indorsed.